Aliases: Barbarella; Giorgio Barbarelli; Georgius da Castel Franco; Giorgio da Castelfranco; Giorgione CastelFranco; Dzhordzhone; Georgio da Castelfranco; Georgione; Georgius da Castel Franco; Giorgio da Castelfranco; Barbarelli Zorzo Giorgione; Zorzi da Castelfranco; Zorzo; Zorzo da Castelfranco; Zorzon
ROMAN SCHOOL, EARLY 16TH-CENTURY
(b Castelfranco Veneto, ?14778; d Venice, before 7 Nov 1510). Italian painter. He is generally and justifiably regarded as the founder of Venetian painting of the 16th century. Within a brief career of no more than 15 years he created a radically innovative style based on a novel pictorial technique, which provided the starting-point for the art of Titian, the dominant personality of the 16th century in Venice. Although he apparently enjoyed a certain fame as a painter of external frescoes, Giorgione specialized above all in relatively small-scale pictures, painted for private use in the home. A high proportion of his subjects were drawn from, or inspired by, mythology and secular literature. Landscape played an important role in many of his compositions, and particular attention was often paid to the representation of storms, sunsets and other such natural phenomena. Giorgione was evidently also prized as a painter of portraits, many of them fancy portraits, or views in close-up of the kind of poetic or mythological figure also seen in his narratives. His exploitation of a taste for such works within a circle of aesthetically sophisticated Venetian patricians in turn provided the context for the creation of an entirely novel range of pictorial images.Grove Art excerpts - Electronic ©2003, Oxford Art Online
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