Aliases: Tommaso "di" Giovanni "di" Simone Guidi; Tommaso "di Ser" Giovanni Masaccio; Tommaso "di" ser Giovanni "di" Mone Masaccio; Maso di Giovanni di Castello San Giovanni; Tommaso di Giovanni (1401); Tommaso di Giovanni Cassai; Tommaso di Giovanni di Simone Guidi; Tommaso di Ser Giovanni Cassai; Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di Mone Cassai; Tommaso di ser Giovanni di Simone da San Giovanni
Scuola di Thommaso di Giovanni di Simone Guidi, Masaccio (San Giovanni di Valdarno 1401-1428 Roma)
(b San Giovanni Val dArno, 21 Dec 1401; d Rome, before late June 1428). Italian painter. He is regarded as the founder of Italian Renaissance painting, a view established within a decade of his death. Vasari correctly perceived that Masaccio always followed as best he could in the footsteps of Brunelleschi and Donatello, even though he worked in a different medium. Among the painters of his time, he was the first to organize his compositions according to the system of linear perspective developed by Brunelleschi. He thus transposed into painting the mathematically proportioned spaces and Classical architectural vocabulary of Brunelleschis buildings, as well as the realistic anatomical structure, heavy draperies and human grandeur of Donatellos statues. He was also inspired by the paintings of Giotto and the art of antiquity. Masaccios revival of Giottos monumentality and concentration on volume was, like the writings by humanists on Florentine history, an affirmation of the greatness and enduring values of the Florentine past.Grove Art excerpts - Electronic ©2003, Oxford Art Online
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