The world’s premier auctions
Be the first to know about
the latest online auctions.
Please enter a valid email address (
Sign Up »
PS: We value your privacy
Thank you!
Want to learn more
about online auctions?
Take a Quick Tour »
is now
To celebrate, we’ve enhanced our site with
larger images and browsing by category to help
you easily find what you’re passionate about.
Remember to update your bookmarks.
Get Started »
Invaluable cannot guarantee the accuracy of translations through Google Translate and disclaims any responsibility for inaccurate translations.
Show translation options

Lot 72: Robert Gober (B. 1954)

Post War and Contemporary Art Evening Sale

by Christie's

November 15, 2006

New York, NY, USA

Robert Gober (1954) Please Register/Login to access your Invaluable Alerts

Looking for the realized and estimated price?

Description: Untitled (butter churn)
signed, numbered and dated 'R. Gober Edition 3/4 1994-1996 (on the interior of the underside)
bronze with brown patina, shoe polish, plaster and paint
56 1/4 x 13 x 13 in. (150.5 x 33 x 33 cm.)
Executed in 1994-1996. This work is number three from an edition of four.


Writing about Untitled (butter churn) for Robert Gober's installation at the United States Pavilion at the 2001 Venice Biennale, the curator James Rondeau explains that Untitled (butter churn), "while accurate in its period appearance, is actually a composite of several sources, equal parts fact and fiction." There is nothing simple, unitary, or clear about this piece. Indeed, Untitled (butter churn) is nothing less than an exploration of androgyny and a projection of the author and provocateur Judith Butler's theories of gender performance in American Culture. Rondeau argues that in Untitled (butter churn) and other works by the artist, "Issues pertaining to the body, gender, sexuality, mortality, and social injustice that have been central to his [Gober's] project, while all present, are not contained by personal or biographical experience; rather, they are abstracted into the larger landscape of cultural, political, and historical memory."

Untitled (butter churn) is a piece about the construction and articulation of gender, the manufacturing of butter and cream as a metaphor for sexual potency, and the subterranean social and sexual language in American history, as well as contemporary culture. It is also very much about the process of its own manufacturing. Like our aesthetic forefather, Marcel Duchamp, see simplicity, and one is really seeing a glorious minefield of ambiguity.

On occasion, Christie's has a direct financial interest in lots consigned for sale which may include guaranteeing a minimum price or making an advance to the consignor that is secured solely by consigned property. This is such a lot. This indicates both in cases where Christie's holds the financial interest on its own, and in cases where Christie's has financed all or a part of such interest through a third party. Such third parties generally benefit financially if a guaranteed lot is sold successfully and may incur a loss if the sale is not successful.

Please note that the correct medium is bronze with brown patina and the correct title is Untitled

Provenance: Paula Cooper Gallery, New York
Acquired from the above by the present owner, 1998

Artist or Maker: Robert Gober (B. 1954)

Exhibited: New York, Paula Cooper Gallery, Robert Gober, 1997 (another example exhibited).

Lot title
$0 (starting bid)
Lot title
$0 (starting bid)
Lot title
$0 (starting bid)
Lot title
$0 (starting bid)
Lot title
$0 (starting bid)
Lot title
$0 (starting bid)
Lot title
$0 (starting bid)
Lot title
$0 (starting bid)
Lot title
$0 (starting bid)