Lot 3405: Almeida Juniors Original Oil on wood 19x12 cm (1800s)
October 29, 2016
Chicago, IL, USALive Auction
Description: Almeida Juniors (1850-1899) Original Oil on wood 19x12 cm. Hand signed. José Ferraz de Almeida Júnior, commonly known as Almeida Júnior, was a Brazilian artist and designer. In 1876, during a tour of the São Paulo region, Emperor Pedro II saw Júnior's work, was impressed, and personally offered his financial support. Later that year, a Royal Decree awarded Júnior 300 Francs per month for the purpose of studying in Paris. He soon settled in Montmartre and enrolled at the École des Beaux-Arts, becoming one of the many students of Alexandre Cabanel. While there, he participated in four of the Salons. He remained in Paris until 1882 then, after a brief trip to Italy, returned to Brazil and exhibited the works he had created during his absence. The following year, he opened a studio in São Paulo and gave lessons. He also held exclusive art exhibitions and executed portraits of notable people, ranging from coffee barons to Republican politicians. In 1884, he held a showing at the "Exposição Geral de Belas Artes" and was made a Knight in the Order of the Rose. A year later, Victor Meirelles offered to give Júnior his position as Professor of History Painting at the Academy, but Júnior refused the offer, preferring to stay in São Paulo. He would increasingly turn from Biblical and historical works in favor of regionalist themes, depicting the everyday life and leaving the Academic style behind while gradually approaching Naturalism. Despite these changes, his reputation at the Academy remained unchallenged and he received the Gold Medal there in 1898. His life ended tragically a year later when he was stabbed to over a romantic affair.
Condition Report: This is in excellent condition.