Lot 287: Andrew Jackson, 1832 Nullification Proclamation Broadside Printed on Silk
October 29, 2016
Rancho Santa Fe, CA, USALive Auction
Post-Revolutionary War to Civil War
Andrew Jackson's 1832 Nullification Proclamation On Silk to the People of South Carolina on Federal v State's Rights
(December 10, 1832), Broadside Printed on Silk, "The Proclamation Of Andrew Jackson, President, To The People Of The United States," "Printed by E. Conrad, City of New-York," Choice Extremely Fine.
Not listed in "Threads of History," but similar to Item number 79, as found on page 82. This bold black on white silk printing of the text of President Andrew Jackson's 1832 "nullification proclamation", was delivered December 10, 1832. This wonderful broadside measures 28" x 20.5" with an ornate border framing the text, and is signed in print, "Andrew Jackson." Generally in very nice overall condition with some minor fold separations. There is a bit of trivial water staining along the right edge and some offset ink transferred where this printed Broadside was folded back onto itself at one time. The Proclamation's text reads, in small part:
"... I consider, then, the power to annul a law of the United States, assumed by one State, incompatible with the existence of the Union, contradicted expressly by the letter of the Constitution, unauthorized by its spirit, inconsistent with every principle on which It was founded, and destructive of the great object for which it was formed..."
President Jackson's "Proclamation" was written in response to an ordinance issued by a South Carolina Convention that declared that the Tariff Acts of 1828 and 1832, "... are unauthorized by the constitution of the United States, and violate the true meaning and intent thereof and are null, void, and no law, nor binding upon this State." A historic, politically powerful and important landmark Federal v State's Rights Statement. This American, New York City produced Printed Silk Document will look impressive when framed for display. Exceedingly rare, and of Museum quality.
On December 10, 1832, President Andrew Jackson issued a proclamation to the people of South Carolina that disputed a states' right to nullify a federal law. Jackson's proclamation was written in response to an ordinance issued by a South Carolina convention that declared that the tariff acts of 1828 and 1832 "are unauthorized by the constitution of the United States, and violate the true meaning and intent thereof and are null, void, and no law, nor binding upon this State."
Led by John C. Calhoun, Jackson's vice president at the time, the nullifiers felt that the tariff acts of 1828 and 1832 favored Northern-manufacturing interests at the expense of Southern farmers. After Jackson issued his proclamation, Congress passed the Force Act that authorized the use of military force against any state that resisted the tariff acts. In 1833, Henry Clay helped broker a compromise bill with Calhoun that slowly lowered tariffs over the next decade. The Compromise Tariff of 1833 was eventually accepted by South Carolina and ended the nullification crisis.