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Lot 146: ANTIQUE 1878 Thomas Nast Full Page Harper's Weekly Cartoon
Antique & Collectible Books-Art-Paper Civil War, Antique Reference, Outsider & Harper's Weekly Art, etc
December 1, 2016
Edgewater, FL, USA
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Description: Antique 1878 Thomas Nast Woodblock Art. It is suitable for framing. Signed in image. Thomas Nast Full Page Woodblock Political Cartoon From December 14, 1878 Issue of Harper's Weekly. Interior Page woodblock cartoon, of that Harper's Weekly issue. Image Titled: "THE FIELD OF SMOKE". Image measures approximately 14 inches high wide X 9 inches wide plus borders. Edges show light general handling wear from age & removal from the Harperâs volume, all of which will be covered by the mat when framed. Paper is age toned but not brittle. Signed in image: "TH. NAST." Overall the piece is Good Plus Condition. Nast in this cartoon is satirizing, duels, the French politicians, & American politicians. In the sub-text under the title a figure representing the French Nation tells Gambetta not to duel. What if, she says, The American Politicians were to duel for calling each other names? Nast leaves the impression that there would be so many duels that there would be no american politicians left. Horror of horrors, sounds good to me! LÃ©on Gambetta (1838-1882) was a French statesman, prominent during and after the Franco-Prussian War. After the French defeat in that war, Gambetta helped campaign for a republic but conservatives like Oscar Bardi de Fourtou (1836-1897) who was a French career politician blocked his views. De Fourtou served as Minister Of Transport, Minister of Interior, and Minister of Public Instruction, in which he "carried out aggressively conservative policies by dismissing certain liberal professors and re-establishing censorship." In the Chamber of Deputies Leon Gambetta accused Fourtou of lying when he alleged that the republican party opposed every republican principle that was not antiquated. This led to a duel with pistols at 30 paces between the two. The duel was fought by Oscar Bardi de Fourtou and LÃ©on Gambetta in a field outside Paris, but neither party was injured. Nast in this cartoon is satirizing, duels, the French politicians, & American politicians. In the sub-text under the title a figure representing the French Nation tells Gambetta not to duel. What if, she says, The American Politicians were to duel for calling each other names? Nast leaves the impression that there would be so many duels that there would be no american politicians left. Horror of horrors, sounds good to me! Thomas Nast (1840-1902) was a German-born American caricaturist and editorial cartoonist considered to be the "Father of the American Cartoon". He was the scourge of Democratic Representative "Boss" Tweed and the Tammany Hall Democratic party political machine & of the Democratic Party in general whom he considered pro-South traitors. He was also strongly anti-Irish & anti-Catholic Church, since in the 19th century the Irish strongly supported the Democratic Party & were predominately Catholic. Nast considered the Catholic Church as a threat to American values. According to his biographer, Fiona Deans Halloran, Nast was "intensely opposed to the encroachment of Catholic ideas into public education". Among his notable works were the creation of the modern version of Santa Claus----based on the traditional German figures of Sankt Nikolaus and Weihnachtsmann----and the political symbol of the elephant for the Republican Party. Contrary to popular belief, Nast did not create Uncle Sam----the male personification of the American people----or Columbia----the female personification of American values----or the Democratic donkey, though he did popularize these symbols through his artwork. Nast was associated with the magazine Harper's Weekly from 1859 to 1860 and from 1862 until 1886. It has been argued by eminent historians that as a political cartoonist, Thomas Nast wielded more influence than any other artist of the 19th century. He not only enthralled a vast audience with boldness and wit, but swayed it time and again to his personal position on the strength of his visual imagination. President Lincoln called Nast "our best recruiting sergeant" for one of his most celebrated cartoons "Compromise with the South", which was directed against those in the North who opposed the prosecution of the American Civil War, as well as, for drawing battlefields in border and southern states. President Grant attributed his victory in 1868 to "the sword of Sheridan and the pencil of Thomas Nast." In the 1872 presidential campaign, Nast's ridicule of Horace Greeley's candidacy was especially merciless. After Grant's victory in 1872, Mark Twain wrote the artist a letter saying: "Nast, you more than any other man have won a prodigious victory for Grant----I mean, rather, for Civilization and Progress." As a crusading civil reformer he helped destroy the corrupt "Boss" Tweed Ring that swindled NYC of millions of dollars. His impact on American public life was formidable enough to profoundly affect the outcome of every presidential election during the period 1864 to 1884. ALL ITEMS ARE GUARANTEED TO BE ACCURATELY DESCRIBED, NOT DEFECTIVE, & GENUINE. PLEASE NOTE: Shipping will be billed to winning bidder by Last Chance Auctions in their billing for item(s). Media Mail postage is shown for shipping in the United States. Foreign winning bidders will pay postage based on their countries small/medium/large Flat Rate box postage rates & weight of the package. Other types of postage are avaible at added expense at the bidders request. A Tracking Number will be provided to buyer. 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Condition Report: Good Plus Condition