Lot 1330: ARISTOTLE'S MASTER-PIECE COMPLETED 1816 Ancient Greek Genetics Sexuality Pregnancy Midwifery Engraved Woodcut Frontispiece & Illustrations
October 22, 2016
Freeville, NY, USALive Auction
Title: Aristotle's Master-Piece, Completed.
Author: Aristotle - Aristotle was a Greek philosopher born in Stagirus in 384 BCE. His father, Nicomachus, died when Aristotle was a child and he lived under a guardian's care. At the age of eighteen, he joined Plato’s Academy in Athens and remained until the age of thirty-seven, around 347 BCE. His writings cover many subjects, including physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, linguistics, politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology. Aristotle's writings were the first to create a comprehensive system of Western philosophy, encompassing ethics, aesthetics, logic, science, politics, and metaphysics. Shortly after Plato died Aristotle left Athens. With the request of Philip of Macedonia he became a tutor for Alexander in 356-323 BCE. According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, “Aristotle was the first genuine scientist in history. . . . Every scientist is in his debt.”
Aristotle achieved merit through teaching Alexander the Great. This distinction allowed him many opportunities, including an abundance of supplies. He established a library in the Lyceum which aided in the production of many of his hundreds of books. The fact that Aristotle was a pupil of Plato contributed to his former views of Platonism, but following Plato’s death, Aristotle immersed himself in empirical studies and shifted from Platonism to empiricism. He believed all peoples concepts and all of their knowledge was ultimately based on perception. Aristotle’s views on natural sciences, including philosophy of the mind, body, sensory experience, memory, and biology represent the groundwork underlying many of his works.
Aristotle's views on the physical sciences profoundly shaped medieval scholarship, and their influence extended well into the Renaissance, although they were ultimately replaced by Newtonian physics. In the zoological sciences, some of his observations were confirmed to be accurate only in the 19th century. His works contain the earliest known formal study of logic, which was incorporated in the late 19th century into modern formal logic.
In metaphysics, Aristotelianism had a profound influence on philosophical and theological thinking in the Islamic and Jewish traditions in the Middle Ages, and it continues to influence Christian theology, especially the scholastic tradition of the Catholic Church. Aristotle was well known among medieval Muslim intellectuals and revered as "The First Teacher".
His ethics, though always influential, gained renewed interest with the modern advent of virtue ethics. All aspects of Aristotle's philosophy continue to be the object of active academic study today.
Publisher: Printed for the Company of Flying Stationers
City: New York
Binding Style: Hardcover
Pagination: 126 pages
Width: 3.75" Height: 6.25"
Book Details: This two-part treatise on reproduction includes rudimentary genetics, deformities, pregnancy, and midwifery.
Condition / Notes: Rebound in leaf-patterned paper-covered boards with a brown cloth spine, this antique volume shows light external age/wear. The hinges are cracked. The age-toned pages show heavy foxing. A stamp and the names of previous owners appear on the first blank preliminary. The work is illustrated with four woodcuts plus a woodcut frontispiece.
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