Lot 40: Autographs: The Revolutionary Secularization Act of 1833 Broadside Signed in Type by President Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna (CALIFORNIA) Rare Early
April 19, 2003
Rancho Santa Fe, CA, USA
Description: Autographs: The Revolutionary Secularization Act of 1833 Broadside Signed in Type by President Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna (CALIFORNIA) Rare Early Broadside Secularizing Church Property in Order to Encourage Settlement. Letterpress Broadside, signed in type by President Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna and Secretary of State Carlos Garcia, in Spanish, 1 page, 8in by 11.75in, Department of the Interior, Mexico. November 26, 1833. Being the official notification of the Secularization Act. In Choice Extremely Fine condition... Under the Spanish, California was held primarily by twenty families and the Church - a situation brought to an abrupt change by the revolutionary Secularization Act of 1833. With this law, the Mexican government would distribute the national domain, formerly held by the Church, to private petitioners with lavish generosity. Public land was granted not by the acre, as in the States, but by the square league. No service or pay was required - just that the grantee should occupy the land, build a house on it, and put several hundred head of cattle out to graze. Thus the mission era came to a sudden and dramatic close, and the golden age of the ranchos begun.