Description: BESSON, J. L’art et moyen parfaict de tirer huyles et eaux, de tous médicaments simples et oléogineux; premièrement receu d’un certain empirique, qu’on estimoit Allemand, & depuis confirmé par raison et expérience. Nouvellement corr. & augm. d’un second livre. Paris, G. du Pré, 1573. 31 (=32) lvs. W. woodcut ti-vign. & 14 text-woodcuts. 19th c. marbled hcf. w. green label. (W. some marg. annot. in a cont. hand (minimally cropped), a few marg. stains, slightly browned). Thorndike V, 589-90: "Besson’s interest in chemistry is shown in his treatise on extracting oils from woods and gums (…) His method of distilling oils is a great help to medicine. Gesner thinks that the empiric from whom Besson got the first suggestion of it was a German from Saxony or thereabouts (…) Besson gives three lists of herbs, seeds and aromas from which oily essences can be distilled. As in alchemical writings of the fourteenth and fifteenth century the material, shape and size of the furnace are specified; also the number, quality and quantity of the vessels to be employed. Instructions follow how to extract oil from greasy woods, gums and harder varieties, and how to separate the viscous substance from the aqueous humor that had been distilled. Some exceptions to the usual rules are stated. The composition of a most fragrant balsam is described. Twenty-two questions are raised, as in the treatises of the preceding scholastic period (…) He holds that it is sometimes obtained from cold seeds and herbes which have a thick juice, and not merely from dry and hot species." - Rare 3rd ed., w. text in Latin and French. Brunet I, 830. Not in Ferguson, Duveen, Adams.
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