Lot 2: BIRD-SHAPED PENDANT

Galerie Zacke Vienna

December 3, 2016, 2:00 PM CET
Vienna, Austria
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Description: Jade. China, Hongshan culture, c.3500-3000 BC Pendants shaped as birds form one of the principal categories of Hongshan jades and have been discovered in the tombs of important sites in the provinces of Lioning and Inner Mongolia. These birds are represented in a standard form though they exhibit at the same time small variations that differentiate them one from the other, so that each individual carving has no identical counterpart. The birds are portrayed with outstretched wings embellished with fine grooves, framing a short tail which extends at the bottom. The head is small, as if recessed between the wings, and is provided with a beak and bulging eyes: these may be either round, as in the present example, or elongated and almond-shaped. The back is always plain and undecorated, but pierced with a loop-hole drilled behind the head in order to suspend the ornament on a cord. Their features suggest that these small carvings represent birds of prey like eagles, hawks or owls. The type of jade used for this carving has many inclusions, so that two-third of the stone looks brown and creamy white in colour, dotted with black speckles: the jade retains the original green colour and translucency only along the edge of one of the wings. The stone is thoroughly polished and smooth to the touch but, due to the material used, does not have the shiny finish so often seen on this type of carvings. In many areas the surface is covered by tiny scratches, visible to the naked eye and left by the abrasives used to polish the jade. Two comparable examples from excavations include a bird from a site near the city of Fuxin, in the collections of the Institute of archaeology and cultural relics of Liaoning province; and a second carving discovered at the Narixintai site, Right Bairin Banner, now in the Museum of Chifeng city, Inner Mongolia. Both are reproduced in Zhang Shuwei 張樹偉 and Li Xiangdong 李向東 (eds.), Shikong chuanyue: Hongshan wenhua chutu yuqi jing pin zhan 時空穿越:红山文化玉器精品展 (Through Time and Space: Unearthed Jade Articles of the Hongshan Culture), Beijing 2012, pp.43-45. 鸟形玉佩 - 红山文化, 公元前3500-3000 宽 7 厘米 - 高 5 厘米 WIDTH 7 CM - HEIGHT 5 CM From an Italian collection
Notes: All jades in this catalogue will soon be published in the forthcoming jade book by FILIPPO SALVIATI: "THE MYSTERIOUS STONE - Archaic and Antique Chinese Jades from Neolithic to Han from Private Collections".

Professor Salviati teaches Chinese Art at the University "La Sapienza" in Rome, Faculty of Oriental Studies, and is one of the world's most recognized jade experts, specialized in archaic jades until the Song Dynasty. Hi-resolution pictures of all jades are to be found in our web-site, and can be enlarged so that handwork, age-related traces of weathering, as well as colors are very well recognizable.

本書中的所有玉器都也出版在:"神秘的石头-私人收藏的新石器时代到汉代的玉器"作者:Filippo Salviati
Salviati教授是羅馬大學中國美術專家,世界上最出名的雕玉藝術專家之一。他的專業是商代一直到宋代的古玉。我會網上的古玉都可以方大,看的到最微小的細節,正如手工,年代顏色等。
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Shipping Terms: For domesticshipping, Galerie Zacke (hereinafter "t
he company") charges 15 to approx. 50 euros per item, depending on size an
d weight. These fees cover the
costs of packing and shipping respectively. For bulk
y or fragile items, postage fees
will be quotedupon request. For personal deliveries
abroad, postage fees will also be
quoteduponrequest. Following handover of the packag
ed item to the post office or to
another carrier (whose commissioning the customer s
hall agree to by submitting a
purchase order), the goods shall be transported at
the risk of the customer. Should
the customer so wish, the auctioned goods may be in
sured to the value of the
purchase price (highest bid and surcharge). Such in
surance shall cost 3% of the
purchase price. For purchase prices in excess of 350 euros per auction,
transportation insurance shall be arranged by the C
ompany automatically. Payments
due to the Company under the insurance contract sha
ll be credited to the customer
and the Company shall also be entitled to assign cl
aims under the insurance contract
to the customer, providing the terms of the insuran
ce contract do not prevent this. In
any case, the Company shall only be required to mak
e payment to the customer
specifically once payment has effectively been rece
ived from the insurance company.
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