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Lot 7: DISC IN SEMI-TRANSLUCENT JADE

Chinese Jade Art Auction

by Galerie Zacke Vienna

December 3, 2016

Vienna, Vienna, Austria

Live Auction
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  • DISC IN SEMI-TRANSLUCENT JADE
  • DISC IN SEMI-TRANSLUCENT JADE
  • DISC IN SEMI-TRANSLUCENT JADE
  • DISC IN SEMI-TRANSLUCENT JADE
  • DISC IN SEMI-TRANSLUCENT JADE
   
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Description: Jade. China, Late Neolithic period, Qijia culture, c.2200-1900 BC

Discs in jade form one of the main category of artefacts crafted in the Neolithic period and are attested amongst many Chinese cultures. In the late Neolithic it was Liangzhu (c.3300-2200 BC) which made the largest use of discs in jade, but during the transition to the Bronze age, towards the end of the 3rd millennium BC, they are found spread over a larger portion of Chinese territory: jade discs have in fact come to light in sites of the Dawenkou (c.4000-2500 BC) and Longshan (c.2500-1700 BC) cultures of eastern China, then further west in Shanxi province, at Taosi culture sites, western Shaanxi and Gansu provinces, where they have been discovered in burials of the Qijia culture. The present disc and the similar one in this auction are carved from a variety of translucent and variegated jade which is typical of the North-western regions: bi discs and cong tubes are also found in conspicuous numbers in Qijia culture graves.
The jade is light green and semi-translucent with diffused brown markings and dark veining determined by the iron and other minerals contained in the jade, which has turned white in one section of the border. The hole was drilled from one side only of the jade, according to a technique widely employed on Qijia culture jades: the wall, which slopes gently inwards, has numerous tiny grooves engraved on it, marks left by the drill used during the perforation of the disc.
Compare a similar disc (6x4.6 cm) in the collections of the National Museum of History, Taipei, Taiwan (object number 89-00040) carved from a partially translucent light green jade, published in J. Johnston and Chan Lai Pik, 5,000 Years of Chinese Jade, Featuring Selections from the National Museum of History, Taiwan, and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, San Antonio Museum of Art, 2011, no.13.
Another similar disc from Gallery Zacke (catalogue number AK515-151) can be seen at http://www.zacke.at/en/item/16966/bi-disk

玉璧 - 新石器時代晚期,齊家文化, 公元前2200-1900
直径 11.2 厘米 -孔径 4.1 厘米
DIAMETER 11.2 CM - HOLE 4.1 CM
From an Italian collection

Notes: All jades in this catalogue will soon be published in the forthcoming jade book by FILIPPO SALVIATI: "THE MYSTERIOUS STONE - Archaic and Antique Chinese Jades from Neolithic to Han from Private Collections".

Professor Salviati teaches Chinese Art at the University "La Sapienza" in Rome, Faculty of Oriental Studies, and is one of the world's most recognized jade experts, specialized in archaic jades until the Song Dynasty. Hi-resolution pictures of all jades are to be found in our web-site, and can be enlarged so that handwork, age-related traces of weathering, as well as colors are very well recognizable.

本書中的所有玉器都也出版在:"神秘的石头-私人收藏的新石器时代到汉代的玉器"作者:Filippo Salviati
Salviati教授是羅馬大學中國美術專家,世界上最出名的雕玉藝術專家之一。他的專業是商代一直到宋代的古玉。我會網上的古玉都可以方大,看的到最微小的細節,正如手工,年代顏色等。

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