Lot 123: Edwin Lord Weeks (American, 1849-1903)
19th Century European Art including the John H. Schaeffer Collection of 19th Century European Sculpture
June 17, 2004
London, United Kingdom
An open-air restaurant, Lahore
signed and dated 'E.L. Weeks' (lower right)
oil on canvas
62 x 96 3/4 in. (157.5 x 245.7 cm.)
Painted circa 1889.
This painting will be included in the forthcoming Catalogue raisonné currently in preparation by Dr. Ellen K. Morris. We are grateful to Dr. Morris for her assistance in preparing this catalogue entry.
An open-air restaurant, Lahore is one of Edwin Lord Weeks' most notable, widely-exhibited canvases. It is one of perhaps half a dozen monumentally-sized canvases, and was executed in the artist's Paris studio circa 1889, about two years after his second expedition to India. The end of the 1880s was a fertile period for the artist, executing a number of his most important Indian paintings during that time. The present painting was exhibited along with The hour of prayer at the Pearl Mosque, Agra at the Paris Salon of 1889, where he was awarded a Gold Medal.
This painting depicts a restaurant stall in the marketplace situated in the open plaza in front of the Mosque of Vazir Khan in Lahore. Weeks relates his impression of the scene in his expedition narrative: '...There is, in truth, a good deal of life and movement to be seen from the crumbling steps of Vazir Kahn; there are two domed edifices...which now shelter various trades beneath the rude thatched awnings projecting from their eaves...and in the middle of the square there are open-air restaurants, where great kettles of tinned copper stand upon platforms elevated above the ground and surrounded by rough benches; sooty frying-pans sizzle on little clay furnaces, and the keepers of these restaurants sit enthroned among their cooking utensils...In the middle of the day, the benches are crowded with customers, who have the appearance of being peasants from the outlying country...A great deal of horse-shoeing and veterinary practice is carried on in one corner, under a great tree...' (Edwin Lord Weeks, From the Black Sea Through Persia and India, New York, 1895, pp.187-180).
Weeks executed a number of paintings and studies of the front, as seen here, and courtyard of the mosque of Vazir Khan. In the present work, the beautifully painted façade occupies a prominent part in the composition. It is a testament to the artist's great talent that the accomplished handling of figures and architecture under the blazing Indian sunlight lends the composition a palpable presence, whose unaffected capture of an observed moment belies its measured execution as a studio work.
The particular lack of contrivance of An open-air restaurant, Lahore is the result of its direct connection to an in situ sketch. Unlike many of his other major paintings, which are built up from a series of architectural sketches combined with figure studies, the present painting was developed from an 11 1/2 x 19 1/2 inch in situ sketch featuring all of the elements contained in the final, monuemental composition. Thus, the final painting takes us directly back to Weeks' observation of an expedition scene in a complete and truthful sense; a tribute to his remarkable skill as a draftsman in the academic tradition.
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The Artist's studio sale; American Art Galleries, New York, Important Finished Paintings, Sketches, Studies and Drawings by the Late Edwin
Lord Weeks, 15-17 March 1905, lot 187.
Acquired from the above sale by George A. Hearn.
Buell & Company Architects and Engineers, Denver.
Temple Hoyne Buell Foundation.
Artist or Maker: Edwin Lord Weeks (American, 1849-1903)
Paris, Salon, 1889, no. 2714.
Berlin, International Exhibition, 1891.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, 62nd Annual Exhibition, 1892, no. 268.
London, Earl's Court, Empire of Philadelphiaion, 1895, no. 34.
E.L. Weeks, From the Black Sea Through Persia and India, New York, 1895, pp. 178-189, (illustrated pp. 151 & 364).
R. Johnson, The Biographical Dictionary of America, Boston, 1906,
vol. X, p. 23.