Lot 159: First Edition of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
November 5, 2016
New York, NY, USALive Auction
Description: Tratado De Paz, Amistad, Limites y Arreglo Definitivo Entre La Republica Mexicana y Los Estados Unidos De America, Concluido Por Los Pleniptenciarios en Guadalupe Hidalgo El 2 De Febrero, Ratificado En Washington El 10 De Marzo, y En Queretaro el 30 de Mayo. [Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo]. Mexico: I. Cumplido, 1848. 8vo., (9 x 5 4/8 inches). Text in Spanish and English (persistent worm trails, expertly repaired from page 37). Modern tan calf, gilt, original printed paper wrappers bound in. First complete edition, second edition overall, of the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo which ended the Mexican-American War, with the important protocols added at the end, which were necessary for the conclusion of the peace treaty. Apparently more scarce than the first edition, which was printed at Queretaro a few months previously. During the Mexican-American War, General Winfield Scott was accompanied by Nicholas Trist, a State Department official empowered to negotiate a peace treaty for the United States. Trist was initially rebuffed by the Mexican authorities and summoned back to Washington. However, as the war drew to a close, he proceeded with negotiations at Guadalupe Hidalgo, near Mexico City. Under the terms of the resulting treaty, signed on February 2, 1848, Mexico was required to cede California and New Mexico to the United States and to recognize the Rio Grande as the southern and western boundary of Texas. The border between the two nations was fixed at the Rio Grande and the United States pledged to protect the rights of Mexicans living in the newly acquired areas. Cowan II, p. 252; Howes M565; Palau 339389; Streeter 282.