Lot 1180: Ionian St John the Apostle Icon

TimeLine Auctions

December 7, 2016, 10:00 AM GMT
Harwich, United Kingdom
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Description: Early 18th century AD. A carved wooden icon of St John the Theologian; ornate high-relief frame with flanking columns, scrolled acanthus leaves and palmettes, gilded on a black field; central figure of John standing robed on a gilt background, diaper pattern floor, delicately tooled halo and inner border; two blocks of ornate Greek text; two transverse wooden blocks to the reverse and a substantial iron suspension ring. 10.5 kg, 53 x 87cm (20 3/4 x 34 1/4"). Property of an Oxfordshire gentleman; formerly with Sotheby's, L08114, lot 524 (30,000-50,000); by inheritance, 2001. An icon is an image not of the earthly world, but of a spiritual one. This idea goes back to the cosmological views that Christianity inherited from Greek philosophy in the third and fourth centuries AD which believed that the upper spheres of the universe were more spiritual, with matter becoming more predominant the lower down. Thus in the material world of humans the icon was an image in matter of an event or person whose actual reality is in a higher, invisible and spiritual world. In this concept lies the mystery of the Incarnation and the icon celebrates the fact that matter is spiritualised as a result of the divine descent. It is through contemplating icons that the worshipper transcends what is normal human experience and enters the realm of the divine. After the fall of Constantinople to the Turks in 1453 many of the most celebrated icon painters, along with academics, theologians, scientists and many others, fled to the Greek islands, Italy or territories under the control of the Italian city states and there flourished. The icons of the Greek islands are considered to be some of the most pure as they are direct descendants of the Byzantine types that graced the churches of the capital. The majority of the Greek islands came under the control of Venice and later in the history of icon painting Western styles are seen to mix with those of the Greek, most notably the Veneto-Cretan icons that were popular across western Christendom, and Greek styles influenced such artists as Giotto in Italy. St John the Apostle, also known as the Theologian, was known as the 'disciple whom Jesus loved', and was the author of the fourth Gospel, known as the 'Gospel of Love', as well as three of the Catholic Epistles and the Book of Revelations. The great vision that he had in a cave on the island of Patmos occurred during his exile there by the emperor Trajan. It was in this cave that he dictated the terrible vision of the last days to his companion, the deacon Prochorus. John published his Gospel in Ephesus, where he spent the last years of his life from 98 to 117 AD.
Condition Report: Fine condition, some worm holes, some lifting of gilt surface.
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Antiquities: Day 2

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TimeLine Auctions
December 7, 2016, 10:00 AM GMT

Harwich, United Kingdom

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Shipping Terms: 27. Title, Risk and Insurance: Title to any Lot is retained by the Seller until the Purchase Price and all other sums payable by the Buyer to TimeLine have been paid in full in cleared funds to TimeLine; at this point, Title will transfer from the Seller to the Buyer. Risk for the Lot passes to the Buyer at the time the Lot is knocked down to the Bidder. TimeLine does not hold property insured after the Lot has been knocked down.

28. Collection of Lots and Storage: Once the Buyer has paid the Purchase Price in full, TimeLine will release the Lot to the Buyer for collection. The Buyer must collect, or arrange the collection of, all purchases from the location advised by TimeLine by 4.30pm on the seventh working day following the Date of Sale. Buyers may use the services of Mail Boxes Etc (contact details are provided on TimeLine documentation) or a service of their choice for collection, packing and shipping services. Lots not collected by the seventh working day following the Date of Sale will be moved to storage at a transfer cost of £20 plus VAT per lot and storage charges will thereafter be applied at the rate of £1.90 plus VAT per lot per day until collected; no lots may be removed until any storage costs have been paid in full. In the event that the accrual of storage charges reaches 50% of the Hammer Price paid or after the expiration of three months from the transfer date, whichever occurs first, Timeline reserve the right to re-sell any and all lots stored without notice and in any manner at their sole discretion and to apply any proceeds in defrayment of such costs. The buyer will be entitled to receive any credit balance above the amount of the costs on request but will remain liable for any deficit.

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