Description: Jade. China, Early Western Han period, 2nd century BC
As is the case for similar items of the Eastern Zhou period, this early Han ornamental ring was not used in isolation but combined with other jades to form composite pendants. Both sides are decorated with dense rows of modelled and flattened knobs, slightly raised above the surface. The pattern is created by carving on the surface of the jade parallel grooves which intersect at an acute angle to form a regular grid: the jade around the bosses is then abraded and polished. The pattern, which fills entirely the sides of the ring, is delimited by two plain bands which run along the border of the central hole and of the rim. This type of pattern represents the last stage in the evolution of the scrolls incised or worked in low relief on Eastern Zhou discs and rings . The jade is green in colour and weathered.
A number of discs decorated with the same pattern, from the Edward and Louise B. Sonneschein collection and now in The Art Institute, Chicago, were published by A. Salmony, Archaic Chinese Jades, Chicago 1952, pl.68.
玉环 - 西汉早期, 公元前2世紀
直径 8.7 厘米; 孔径 2.6 厘米; 密 0.4 厘米
DIAMETER 8.7 CM - HOLE 2.6 CM - THICKNESS 0.4 CM
From a German collection
Notes: All jades in this catalogue will soon be published in the forthcoming jade book by FILIPPO SALVIATI: "THE MYSTERIOUS STONE - Archaic and Antique Chinese Jades from Neolithic to Han from Private Collections".
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Professor Salviati teaches Chinese Art at the University "La Sapienza" in Rome, Faculty of Oriental Studies, and is one of the world's most recognized jade experts, specialized in archaic jades until the Song Dynasty. Hi-resolution pictures of all jades are to be found in our web-site, and can be enlarged so that handwork, age-related traces of weathering, as well as colors are very well recognizable.