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Lot 81: Letter in the Name of the Saba of Kelm - Handwritten and Signed by his Son-in-law Rabbi Zvi Hirsh Broide - Head of the Beit HaTalmud in Kelm, Teacher and Rabbi of the Leading Rabbis of the Mussar Movement

Auction 53 - Rare and Important Items

by Kedem Public Auction House Ltd

November 15, 2016

Jerusalem, Israel

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Description: Interesting letter handwritten and signed by Rabbi Zvi Hirsh Broide, who writes in the name of his father-in-law the Rebbe. "Goiger near Kelm [Kelm?]", Av 1895. In the letter written "according to the instructions of my father-in-law the Rebbe R. S. Z. of Kelm", he writes that his father-in-law is only faintly involved in the matters of the city of Kelm due to his state of health, "Therefore… he knows little of the happenings in the city, especially in the summer at the time he is in the Dacha. Therefore, because of his poor health he cannot get involved in this, even more so now that the city has been split over this issue…". R. Zvi Hirsh Broide (1865-1913), son of R. Aryeh Leib (Rabbi Leibtzig) Broide, the younger brother and disciple of the "Saba" - R. Simcha Zissel of Kelm. At the age of 11, R. Zvi Hirsh was sent to study in the Talmud Torah of his uncle, R. Simcha Zissel in Grobin and from that time on he clung to his venerable teacher and served him with complete acquiescence. Rabbi Simcha Zissel found his nephew to possess amazing learning abilities and taught him extensively, also rebuking him beyond the usual practice, foreseeing his nephew's illustrious future and attributing to him enough stamina to assimilate such harsh criticism. Rabbi Zvi Hirsh was considered the leading prot?g? of the Mussar Movement educated to acquire complete self-control following the Kelm tradition. He would say that a person who is unable to control his outer movements cannot attain control of his heart and mind. He himself was an example of this. Reaching marriageable age, he wed Rebbetzin Nechama Liba, the youngest daughter of his uncle R. Simcha Zissel [who was a great woman in her own right, the leading disciples of the Saba of Kelm would come to hear her mussar discourses following the school of her illustrious father and her husband Rabbi Hirsh]. After the death of his father-in-law the Saba of Kelm in 1898, Rabbi Hirsh was appointed head of the Kelm Yeshiva, a position he held for more than 13 years. The leading mussar figures in his times considered themselves his close disciples; among them are R. Yerucham of Mir, R. Daniel Movshowitz, R. Moshe Rosenstein, R. Eliyahu Lopian and R. Yechezkel Lowenstein. R. Zvi Hirsh died at the young age of 48. "The honor he fled his entire life pursued him and found him… All the city's shops closed for his funeral as a mark of the love and reverence in which this tsaddik was held and all Kelm Jews from the youngest to the eldest attended his funeral. They walked behind his coffin until the cemetery, located a distance from the city and they remained there until he was buried and until the many eulogies were completed" (Mechanech L'Dorot, Part 1, p. 172). Leaf, 21.5 cm. 16 handwritten lines. Good condition. Small tear to margins, with adhesive tape on verso.

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