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Lot 54: Manuscript of the Novellae of the Maharam Jaffe - Disciple of Rabbi Akiva Eger

Auction 53 - Rare and Important Items

by Kedem Public Auction House Ltd

November 15, 2016

Jerusalem, Israel

Live Auction
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  • Manuscript of the Novellae of the Maharam Jaffe - Disciple of Rabbi Akiva Eger
  • Manuscript of the Novellae of the Maharam Jaffe - Disciple of Rabbi Akiva Eger
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Description: Large volume in the handwriting of Rabbi Mordechai Michael Jaffe. Novellae on Tractates Shabbat, Pesachim, Gittin, Kiddushin and Nidah. Copies of letters of responsa. Novellae on the Rambam, laws of Yom Kippur and Shulchan Aruch, laws of mikva'ot. Novellae of Talmudic treatises which include a large work on "En issur chal al issur". [Hamburg, ca. 1850-1860]. Handwritten by R. Jaffe, with his erasures and additions. In some places, he notes as sources other books he authored which were already printed. He cites teachings of Rabbi Akiva Eger, things he heard and several things from Teshuvot Rabbi Akiva Eger. He also extensively cites the Torah of R. Ya'akov of Lissa in his books Chavat Da'at, Mekor Chaim, etc, the Ketzot HaChoshen and Shev Shemat'ta and Petach HaBayit by Rabbi Avraham Tiktin. R. Mordechai Michael Jaffe (1803-1868, Otzar HaRabbanim 14219), was a prominent disciple of R. Akiva Eger. Born in Krotoszyn in the Posen district, he studied eight years in the yeshiva of Rabbi Akiva Eger. He became so dear to his teacher that he became known as the "Rebbe's Bachur". After his marriage with the daughter of R. David of Krotoszyn, he toiled in Torah study and G-d's service and adamantly refused to receive a rabbinical position until all his possessions were burned in the large fire which broke out in 1827 in his native city of Krotoszyn. He then accepted the position of rabbi of Zduny (near Krotoszyn) and later in Schneidem?hl in the Posen district. In 1849, he abandoned the rabbinate in favor of studying Torah in the renowned Hamburg Kloiz and thereafter taught Torah for 18 years. He exchanged a prolific halachic correspondence with R. Akiva Eger and with his son R. Shlomo Eiger, see Teshuvot Chadashot L'Rabbi Akiva Eger (Jerusalem, 1978 Even HaEzer, Siman 1) - responsa from Rabbi Akiva Eger to his disciple Rabbi M.M. Jaffe, in which he is amazed that R. Jaffe adds honorifics to his name besides the honorific Rabbi. In 1834, R. Jaffe published his first book, Beit Menachem (Krotoszyn, 1834). In 1852, he printed in Hamburg his second composition, Maharam Jaffe responsa with rulings and halachic deliberations which he conducted with rabbis of his times including his eminent teacher Rabbi Akiva Eger and his son Rabbi Shlomo Eiger. Together with his companion in the kloiz R. Elyakim Getschlik Schlesinger (Rabbi Getz HaKadosh), he edited the responsa of the Maharach (Rabbi Chaim Eliezer Ashkenazi) Or Zaru'ah from an ancient manuscript (printed in Leipzig, 1860) and added sources and notes. He published few of his novellae in the periodical Shomer Zion HaNe'eman which was published in Altona by the author of the Aruch LaNer. Four responsa of the Aruch LaNer to R. M. M. Jaffe were printed in the Binyan Zion responsa in 1860. His novellae and glosses on various books were printed in various places: His glosses on the Chacham Zvi responsa were printed in the book Likutei Ha'arot of the Dovev Mesharim edition (Jerusalem, 1998) and in the Moriah anthology - Sefer HaZikaron L'Rabbi Moshe Swift (Jerusalem, 1986); his glosses on the book Mor U'Ketzi'a were printed in the Machon Yerushalayim edition (Jerusalem, 1996); his glosses on the Panim Me'irot responsa were published in the Moriah anthology (Issues 277-278, Tamuz, 2001); etc. The novellae in this manuscript have not been printed and reveal more of the luminous teachings of the illustrious Torah scholar, Rabbi M. M. Jaffe and the teachings of R. Akiva Eger. [209] leaves, (about 400 pages, written in close, neat, script). 20-21 cm. Overall good condition. Mostly, thin high-quality paper leaves. Wear and stains. Small tears. New fabric binding.

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