Lot 83: Meissen, 3 Figures from the Affenkapelle, 2nd H. 20th C.
December 2, 2016
Berlin, Berlin, GermanyLive Auction
Porcelain, polychrome painted, parcel-gilt
Porcelain Manufactory Meissen, established in 1710, 2nd half of the 20th century
Model by Johann Joachim Kaendler (1706-1775), 1753
Each with underglaze blue crossed swords mark, the model numbers 60003 and 60004, the year codes for 1969, 1987 and 1996, as well as a painters number
Three figures from the Affenkapelle, comprising the trumpet player, the timbal carrier and the clarinetist
Height: between 13 and 13.8 cm
The figures are in very good condition.
Porcelain Manufactory Meissen
Porcelain has been known in Europe since the 13th century, but always had to be imported from China. Thus it was mostly of lower quality the Chinese rarely gave their best ware to the foreigners and extremely expensive. As demand for porcelain became greater, European alchemists tried to discover the formula to create hard-paste porcelain. The production of the first European hard-paste porcelain was the result of a collaboration between the alchemist Johann Friedrich Böttger and the scientist Ehrenfried Walther Graf von Tschirnhaus at the court of Augustus the Strong, Elector of Saxony, in Dresden. As a matter of fact, it was finally achieved for the first time in Europe in 1708 to produce a white hard paste porcelain and in 1710 Augustus established Europes first hard-paste porcelain factory in the Albrechtsburg, a palace in Meissen. The so-called Böttgerporzellan actually had more of a stoneware quality and it was not until the year 1713 that white porcelain was available for purchase. Initially unmarked, the motif of the crossed swords was developed in the early 1720s and used from 1723 onwards. Since then, beautifully modelled and painted figures and table services were produced at Meissen, establishing its reputation as the pre-eminent porcelain factory in Europe. Outstanding potters, modelers and painters, e.g. Johann Joachim Kändler (1706-1775), Johann Gottlieb Klinger (1701-1781) and Count Camillo Marcolini (1739-1814), were employed at the factory, which dominated the 18th century style of porcelain, and Meissen wares and figurines were imitated by craftsmen at other porcelain factories throughout Europe. Meissen celebrated its 300 years of existence in 2008. Until today, Meissen porcelain is known for highest quality and originality and greatly appreciated. (ala)
Shipping costs excl. statutory VAT and plus 2,5% (+VAT) shipping insurance.