Lot 21: PAIR OF COLLARED YUAN RINGS
December 3, 2016
Vienna, Vienna, AustriaLive Auction
Jade. China, Late Shang dynasty, c. 1200 BC
These two collared rings are carved in two types of jade which are rather different from that used for the similar ornaments presented in the previous Lot. The smaller ring is in fact worked from an opaque green variety of jade with white patches due to the alteration of the material. The jade of the larger one is strongly weathered instead and has taken a chalky white patina with bluish and reddish patches underneath. This type of jade is similar to that used to carve the items unearthed at the Jinsha site, Sichuan Province, dated to c.1200 to 650 BC and where many collared rings were also found. A section of the collar and of the ring shows signs of repair, while the smaller disc is chipped along the border.
A collared ring similar to the larger one is in the collection of the National Museum of History, Taipei, Taiwan (object number 89-00042): it is carved from a partly discoloured, mottled yellow-tan jade and published in J. Johnston and Chan Lai Pik, 5,000 Years of Chinese Jade, Featuring Selections from the National Museum of History, Taiwan, and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, San Antonio Museum of Art, 2011, no.17.
Compare also a similar flanged bracelet from the Arthur M. Sackler (1913-1987) collection auctioned at Christie's New York on 18 March 2009, Sale 2268, Lot 269:
一雙有领玉瑗 - 商代晚期, 公元前 1200
直径 10.2 - 8.4 厘米; 高 2.3 - 1 厘米; 孔径 5.8 - 5.5 厘米
DIAMETER 10.2 AND 8.4 CM - HEIGHT: 2.3 AND 1 CM - INNER DIAMETER 5.8 AND 5.5 CM
From a German collection
All jades in this catalogue will soon be published in the forthcoming jade book by FILIPPO SALVIATI: "THE MYSTERIOUS STONE - Archaic and Antique Chinese Jades from Neolithic to Han from Private Collections".
Professor Salviati teaches Chinese Art at the University "La Sapienza" in Rome, Faculty of Oriental Studies, and is one of the world's most recognized jade experts, specialized in archaic jades until the Song Dynasty. Hi-resolution pictures of all jades are to be found in our web-site, and can be enlarged so that handwork, age-related traces of weathering, as well as colors are very well recognizable.