Lot 9: PLAIN CONG
December 3, 2016
Vienna, Vienna, AustriaLive Auction
Jade. China, Late Neolithic period, Qijia culture, c.2200-1900 BC
This cong is similar to the following No. 13 but it is slightly shorter and the jade is more variegated. The stone is semi-translucent and pale green in colour, with darker areas and a multitude of small speckles against a greyish background. Each side of the object has a different texture, where the various colours of the stone fade one into the other. On one side the jade is partly altered and the stone has turned whitish and chalky. The hole is perfectly drilled and the tool marks left by the drill have not been smoothed down.
A very similar cong of the same width, 7.5 cm, and carved in a similar jade, has been recently auctioned at Christie's Hong Kong, last 5 April 2016, 'The Pavilion Sale', Sale 12548, Lot 1:
An additional comparable example is a cong with a width of 7.3 cm, from the Arthur M. Sackler (1913-1987) collection, auctioned at Christie's New York on 18 March 2009, Sale 2268, Lot 286: polished to a higher sheen, it is carved from a similarly variegated jade.
Compare also a similar cong (6x4.6 cm) in the collections of the National Museum of History, Taipei, Taiwan (object number 89-00037), carved from a partially translucent light green jade, published in J. Johnston and Chan Lai Pik, 5,000 Years of Chinese Jade, Featuring Selections from the National Museum of History, Taiwan, and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, San Antonio Museum of Art, 2011, no.18.
玉琮 - 新石器時代晚期，齊家文化, 公元前2200-1900
宽 7 -高5 厘米
WIDTH 7 CM - HEIGTH 5 CM
From an Italian collection
All jades in this catalogue will soon be published in the forthcoming jade book by FILIPPO SALVIATI: "THE MYSTERIOUS STONE - Archaic and Antique Chinese Jades from Neolithic to Han from Private Collections".
Professor Salviati teaches Chinese Art at the University "La Sapienza" in Rome, Faculty of Oriental Studies, and is one of the world's most recognized jade experts, specialized in archaic jades until the Song Dynasty. Hi-resolution pictures of all jades are to be found in our web-site, and can be enlarged so that handwork, age-related traces of weathering, as well as colors are very well recognizable.