Lot 890: Powder Horn, 'Liberty or Death', Thomas Gage

Louis J. Dianni, LLC

August 11, 2013, 12:00 PM EST
Garrison, NY, US
6 saved

More About this Item


Description: Powder Horn
Age: C. 1776
Maker: Unknown
Materials: Cow's horn
Marks: Engraved
Construction: Riveted
Description: Engraved powder horn with walnut end plug is fastened with rivets and an iron strap holder is mounted on the bottom. American patriotic engraving of the period with the slogan 'Liberty or Death' above a portrait of a militiaman wearing a Hessian style hat and holding a saber in his right hand while a key protrudes from his left hand. Also, an engraved portrait of a saluting military figure having a feather in his cap and shouldering a blunderbuss. Above this figure are written the words 'Old Thomas Gage Going From Boston'. A buck, fox and chicken complete the artwork.
Size: 8" x 2" diameter
Weight: 4.5 ounces
Condition: Some wear to engraving, no filler plug.
Meta: Revolutionary War
History: 1. "Give me liberty, or give me death!" is a quotation attributed to Patrick Henry from a speech he made to the Virginia Convention. On that day, at St. John's Church in Richmond, Virginia, and is credited with having swung the balance in convincing the Virginia House of Burgesses to pass a resolution delivering the Virginia troops to the Revolutionary War. Among the delegates to the convention were future US Presidents Thomas Jefferson and George Washington. 2. The play Cato, a Tragedy contains the line, "It is not now time to talk of aught/But chains or conquest, liberty or death" (Act II, Scene 4). This play was popular in the colonies and was well known by the Founding Fathers, who used quotes from the play. George Washington had this play performed for the Continental Army at Valley Forge. The phrase "Liberty or Death" also appears on the Culpeper Minutemen flag of 1775.3. Thomas Gage In January 1775, Gage received orders from London to take decisive action against the growing rebellion. Given intelligence that the rebels had been stockpiling weapons at Concord, Massachusetts, he ordered a troop of British regulars to march there on the night of 18 April to confiscate them. A brief skirmish in Lexington scattered colonial militia forces gathered there, but in a later standoff in Concord, a portion of the British force was routed by a stronger colonial militia contingent. When the British left Concord following their search (which was largely unsuccessful, as the colonists, with advance warning of the action, had removed most of the supplies), arriving colonial militia engaged the British column in a running battle all the way back to Charlestown. The Battles of Lexington and Concord resulted in 273 total casualties for the British and 93 for the American rebels. Following Lexington and Concord, thousands of colonial militia surrounded the city, beginning the Siege of Boston. At first, the rebels (led mainly by Massachusetts General Artemas Ward) faced some 4,000 British regulars, who were bottled up in the city. British Admiral Samuel Graves commanded the fleet that continued to control the harbour. On 25 May, 4,500 reinforcements arrived in the city, along with three more generals: Major General William Howe and Brigadiers John Burgoyne and Henry Clinton. On 12 June, Gage issued a proclamation, believed to have been authored by Burgoyne but distributed in Gage's name, granting a general pardon to all who would demonstrate loyalty to the crown-with the notable exceptions of John Hancock and Samuel Adams. Gage also worked with the newly-arrived generals on a plan to break the grip of the besieging forces. They would use an amphibious assault to take control of the unoccupied Dorchester Heights, which would be followed up by an attack on the rebel camp at Roxbury. They would then seize the heights on the Charlestown peninsula, including Breed's Hill and Bunker Hill. This would allow the British to eventually take the colonial headquarters at Cambridge. The colonists were warned of these plans, and seized the initiative. On the night of 16-17 June, they fortified Breed's Hill, threatening the British position in Boston. On 17 June 1775, British forces under General Howe seized the Charlestown peninsula at the Battle of Bunker Hill. The British won the battle, but suffered more than 1,000 casualties without significantly altering the state of the siege. Henry Clinton called it "[a] dear bought victory, another such would have ruined us", while other officers noted that nothing had been gained in the victory.
Meta: Government, Military, Militaria, United States of America
Request more information

Payment

Accepted forms of payment: COD (cash on delivery), MasterCard, Money Order / Cashiers Check, Personal Check, Visa, Wire Transfer
Shipping: PACKING, SHIPPING & INSURANCE - Please see TERMS & CONDITIONS for detailed information on this topic.

1. We ship all over the world

2. We offer in-house packing, which incurs a MINIMUM HANDLING CHARGE of $25.00USD for each shipment packaged. This is applicable to item(s) being shipped to any location.

3. We ship via FEDEX GROUND for USA and U.S.P.S. for International.

4. We will not use your FEDEX or U.S.P.S. A/C to ship.

5. We will arrange private truck transport if that is desired.

6. We will give an estimated shipping quote if you request it, however, your item(s) will need to be packaged in order to generate a quote, so you will automatically incur the per box packaging fee covered in #2 above.

7. We offer insurance and it is @ 1.5% of the total value of your purchases. If loss or damage occurs during shipment, the Buyer files for recovery.

8. We will use the credit card on file for packing, shipping and insurance unless you have advised otherwise at the point of sale.
Buyer's Premium
21.5%
From: To: Increment:
$0 $99 $10
$100 $499 $25
$500 $999 $50
$1,000 $2,499 $100
$2,500 $9,999 $500
$10,000 $24,999 $1,000
$25,000 $49,999 $2,500
$50,000 $99,999 $5,000
$100,000 $499,999 $10,000
$500,000+ $50,000
CREDIT CARDS: We accept Visa and Master Card debit and credit cards for the purchase as well as the packaging and shipping of same to anywhere in the world. We do not accept any other credit cards or PayPal.
BUYER'S PREMIUM: BUYER'S PREMIUM - See further details below this chart:
On-Line bid, pay with USA Credit Card: 24.5%
On-Line bid, pay with International Credit Card: 25.5%
On-Line bid, pay by Cash, Check or **Bank Wire: 21.5%
*Live Bid @ Auction, pay by USA credit card: 21.5%
*Live Bid @ Auction, pay by International card: 22.5%
*Live Bid @ Auction, pay by Cash, Check, **Bank Wire: 18%
*Bid Live @ Auction includes bids executed by phone.
**Add $25.00USD bank wire transfer fee

The default Buyer's Premium will be 21.5% on your invoice. Adjustment to the percentage shall be made when the method of payment is determined, according to the list provided herein. Buyers are required to pay the Putnam County, NY sales tax of of 8.3/8 % on the total sales price, including the Buyer Premium, and the sales tax on the packaging of items to be shipped. The only exceptions are if a valid sales tax exemption certificate is supplied LJD prior to checkout or invoicing or if the item(s) are shipped to a State other than New York. In the latter case, a Tangible Personal Property For Resale By A Non-Resident (of New York) Dealer will need to be signed by the Buyer, and adequate evidence of authority to do business in the Buyers home state is required by New York Law. LJD will not refund any sales tax collected.
PAYMENT METHOD & BUYER'S PREMIUM: PAYMENT METHODS - Cash, Bank Wire Transfer, Personal Check (allow 2 week clearance), Master Card or Visa Credit Cards. At the close of the sale of any item(s), title to the property immediately transfers to the successful bidder, who in turn, becomes the owner of the property. Buyer assumes full risk and responsibility for the purchased property, including all costs and expenses of handling, shipping, insurance, taxes, export and otherwise, and is liable for the full purchase price, plus Buyer Premium and applicable taxes. Payment must be made either on the day of the auction or within (7) seven business days from the close of the auction, by Tuesday, August 20th. Checks must clear before merchandise is released, they must be dated and bankable on the day of purchase and they will not be held for any period of time. A $30.00USD fee will be added for returned checks. Personal checks and any type of bank checks: allow 2 wks for clearance. Bank Wire Transfers: $25.00USD bank service charge applies per bank involved in transfer. Payment by credit or debit card: Master Card or Visa and limited to a maximum of $5000.00USD per auction with balances over that amount to be paid in cash or bank wire transfer, absolutely no exceptions. If you are the successful bidder, and do not remit payment as specified, the amount owed will be charged to your credit card together with such charges set forth in these terms of sale.
Under no circumstances will any item be released or packaged for shipping, nor will a shipping quote be offered until full payment is received and cleared.
BUYER'S PREMIUM:
On-Line bid, pay with USA Credit Card: 24.5%
On-Line bid, pay with International Credit Card: 25.5%
On-Line bid, pay by Cash, Check or **Bank Wire: 21.5%
*Live Bid @ Auction, pay by USA credit card: 21.5%
*Live Bid @ Auction, pay by International card: 22.5%
*Live Bid @ Auction, pay by Cash, Check, **Bank Wire: 18%
*Bid Live @ Auction includes bids executed by phone.
**Add $25.00USD bank wire transfer fee
8.38% SALES TAX: Buyers are required to pay the Putnam County, NY sales tax of of 8.3/8 % on the total sales price, including the Buyer Premium, and the sales tax on the packaging of items to be shipped. The only exceptions are if a valid sales tax exemption certificate is supplied LJD prior to checkout or invoicing or if the item(s) are shipped to a State other than New York. In the latter case, a Tangible Personal Property For Resale By A Non-Resident (of New York) Dealer will need to be signed by the Buyer, and adequate evidence of authority to do business in the Buyers home state is required by New York Law. LJD will not refund any sales tax collected.
PACKING & SHIPPING: PACKING, SHIPPING & INSURANCE - Please see TERMS & CONDITIONS for detailed information on this topic.

1. We ship all over the world

2. We offer in-house packing, which incurs a MINIMUM HANDLING CHARGE of $25.00USD for each shipment packaged. This is applicable to item(s) being shipped to any location.

3. We ship via FEDEX GROUND for USA and U.S.P.S. for International.

4. We will not use your FEDEX or U.S.P.S. A/C to ship.

5. We will arrange private truck transport if that is desired.

6. We will give an estimated shipping quote if you request it, however, your item(s) will need to be packaged in order to generate a quote, so you will automatically incur the per box packaging fee covered in #2 above.

7. We offer insurance and it is @ 1.5% of the total value of your purchases. If loss or damage occurs during shipment, the Buyer files for recovery.

8. We will use the credit card on file for packing, shipping and insurance unless you have advised otherwise at the point of sale.
CONDITION: CONDITION REPORTS - Detailed condition reports are not offered by the auctioneer, Louis J. Dianni, or the Consignor. The absence of a condition statement does not imply that the lot is in perfect condition or completely free from wear and tear, imperfections or the effects of aging. It is the responsibility of the bidder to examine lots in person, through an agent and/or by visiting and viewing the many photos available on LouisJDianni.com on each item being offered for sale. Any condition report given, as a courtesy to a potential bidder, is only an opinion and should not be treated as a statement of fact. All counts, weights and measurements are approximate. We do our best to offer accurate, detailed information on the pieces The Auctioneer shall bear no responsibility for any error or omission.
CONTRACT: Registering to Bid denotes understanding and acceptance of the TERMS & CONDITIONS offered herein, constituting a legal and binding contract between you and Louis J. Dianni, LLC.
View full terms and conditions