Lot 75: RARE UPSTATE NEW YORK NATIVE AMERICAN TREATY - Canajoharie Patent Treaty with the Mohawks, made by George Klock, Jacob G Klock, [inform
August 23, 2014
Thomaston, ME, USALive Auction
Description: RARE UPSTATE NEW YORK NATIVE AMERICAN TREATY - Canajoharie Patent Treaty with the Mohawks, made by George Klock, Jacob G Klock, [information omitted]& John van Sice, dated 27 May, 1766. The Mohawk Village (or 'Castle') of Canajoharie was on the south bank of the Mohawk River, two miles east of the current city of the same name. The village was formed as a result of depredations against the tribe during the French and Indian War a decade earlier. George Klock kept a "disreputable" store and tavern on the outskirts of the village and had complaints registered against him by Joseph Brant and others for his bad influence on the morals of the tribe. Brant ultimately forced him to close the store. This treaty was George Klock's third or fourth attempt to gain control of the region. One attempt was following the French and Indian War, which ended in 1763, and another following Pontiac's War, which ended in 1766, the year this treaty was written. The land gained from the treaty ranged from the north side of the Mohawk River at 'Antoni's Nose' (now known as 'Little Nose'), to the northernmost branch of the Sacandaga River, west to Canada Creek (the border of Herkimer County) and then seven miles beyond, then south to the Mohawk River in a line staying seven miles from Canada Creek. It included any lands already settled on the south side of the Mohawk between Nowadaga Creek and Herkimer. The 'lease' term was 9,900 years for which the tribe was paid a lump sum of 600 pounds; and, if requested, one ear of Indian corn in October of each year. Purportedly, Klock held the Sachems in a house and fed them rum for three days prior to their signing. However, on the reverse side of the treaty are attestations to the contrary. It is also sworn that the document was read to the tribe in their own language, although some could read and write in English. The lease was recorded in New York City but not until 1784, well after Brant had led the Six Nations into Canada, away from this contested territory. One of the assignees, is responsible for having the document recorded. His family has held the document ever since. The text (uncorrected) reads as follows: "This Indenture made the twenty seventh day of May in the sixth year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord George the Third, by the Grace of God of Great Britain, Franica, Ireland, King Defender of the Faith & Anno Domini One Thousand, Seven Hundred and Sixty Six, between the Mohacks Indians being sachems and proprietors hereunder subscribed in the County of Albany and in the Province of New York, being part of the Five Nations the one part and George Klock and Jacob G. Klock of Canajohary & [information omitted] of New York and John Van Sise of the Town of Sconectady, all of the province aforesaid of the other part. Witnesseth that the said Indians for and in consideration of the sum six hundred pounds to them in hand paid and the yearly rent of one Ear of Indian Corn if demanded by them on the first day of October every year on the part of the Indians, they have demised, granted and hereby leased all the parcel of Land lying and being in the County of Albany on the North Side of the Mohawk River, beginning at a certain place at a mounting called Antoni's Nose, running from the said Antoni's Nose in a straight line to the Norther most branch of a river called Saacondaga River then westerly with a straight corse to the furthest Branch of a Creek called Canada Creek at Burnets field and then westerly seven miles and then southerly keeping seven miles disdanse from the said Canada Creek till that corse strieks the Mohawks River then down the stream of said river to the afore:said Antoni's Nose or place where first begun. And also one other pise or parsil of the land on the south side of the Mohawk River in the county of Albany beginning at a creek called Nowadago at Canajohary running thence along Phillip Livingston's Patent Company and along Lansings David Young and others also along depositers also along Conrath Franks & other to down by or near Herkimer to the Mohawk River then down the stream to the place first begun so as to include all the vacant land within the limits and bounds set forth with all and singular waters ways Easments and appurtenances to the said masuage belonging or in any way appertaining (except as always reserved unto the inhabetants). Those who having patents in the above mentioned limits to have and to hold said masuage and tenements and premisses above mentioned with the appurtenances unto the above said George Klock, Jacob G. Klock, [information omitted] & John Van Sice, their heirs Executors Administrators and assigns from the first day of June now next for and during the term of Nine thousand Nine hundred years thence next to comand being fully completed and ended as the said George Klock, Jacob G Klock, [information omitted] and John Van Sice for them self their heirs Executors Administrators and assigns will well and truly pay or cause to be paid the yearly rent as above expressed during the said time and that the said Indians Mohawks Sachems for themselfe their heirs and assigns doth covenant grant and confirm unto the said George Klock, Jacob G Klock, [information omitted] and John Van Sise, their heirs Executors Administrators and assigns, shall and may by the yearly rent and the covenants here above subscribed & covenants pesealy and quietly have hold occupy and possess and Enjoy all and singular the said mesuage or Tenements and premisses above mentioned with the apputenances for and during the said term hereby granted without trouble henderence molostation interupsion of them the said Indians their heirs Executors Administrators or Assigns or of any other person or persons claiming under them or to claim by or from any of the said tribe hereafter in Witness whereof we the said Indians do set our hands and fix our seals here unto the day and year first above written. Signed, sealed and delivered in the presence of us, Adam Klock, Willhelmus Dillenbach, Tomas Adis." (by his mark). On 24" x 24 3/4" vellum, with marks for 44 Sachems of the tribe (some now illegible). Condition: Professionally conserved in 2012, copy of report available. Some wax seals missing.