Description: 1st century BC-2nd century AD. A hollow-formed bronze statuette of Pan with goat's feet, seated, holding an item in his left hand, the right hand held open at waist height; two fixing holes to the underside of the buttocks. Cf. Rolland, H. Bronzes Antiques de Haute Provence, Paris, 1965, item 137 for type. 182 grams, 11cm (4"). From a German collection; acquired on the German art market before 1990. Pan is the god of fields and woodland and originated in Arcadia, Greece, being the son of Hermes and a nymph. His habit of appearing suddenly was believed to cause 'panic', literally the fear of Pan. He had a major shrine at Panias, modern day Banias, in Palestine, which was noted for its healing spring and as well as being the site where the god helped the Seleucid army defeat the Ptolemaic forces in 198 BC, thus allowing Antiochus III to consolidate his control over the area and establish the borders of his empire. The Hellenized Sellucids built a temple at Panias dedicated to Pan as the 'goat-footed god of victory in battle, creator of panic in the enemy, lord of desolate places, music and goat herds'. [No Reserve]
Condition Report: Fair condition.
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