Lot 2: "Shiviti" Adorned with "Piyutim" for Purim - Iranian Kurdistan
January 23, 2013
Jerusalem, IsraelLive Auction
Description: "Shiviti" for hanging on the wall of a Synagogue, with "piyutim" for Purim and the blessing said over reading the "megillah". [Iranian Kurdistan, late 19th century or beginning of 20th century].Ink and paint on paper.In the center upper area is a "LaMenatzeach menorah". On the two remaining columns of the upper part and on the right column of the lower part is the piyut "Tnu Shira" / Yedidim Barchu Po'el Gevurot" by the poet Yafet ben Ye(hud)a (not complete), different from the familiar version. In the middle column at the bottom part are the blessings before reading the "megillah", and in the left column is an addition to the blessing "Harav Et Riveinu" for Purim. Part of the version of that addition is not known.The leaf is dated at the end: "Rosh Chodesh Adar 5425". Apparently, the person who made this "Shiviti" copied the "piyut" and the addition mentioned above from an early "Shiviti" poster, from 1665. The bibliographer and researcher Menashe Refael Lehman tells of a similar poster in the "Sinai" anthology (Issue 98, 1986, pp. 74-75): "The piyut 'Yedidim Barchu Poel Gevurot'... was not known until the present. It was written in various places on a parchment poster for Purim drawn in glorious colors and with clauses from the 'megillah'. I recently purchase the poster from an Arab merchant in the Old City of Jerusalem". Lehman adds that apparently, the poster originated in Persia. On the cardboard that comes with the leaf, the owner wrote "Bought in Jerusalem on August 1964". 31.9X39 cm. Fair condition. Tears, creases, stains and folding marks. Minor damages to writing. Glued on another leaf, on the reverse side are handwritten inscriptions. See: "Light and Shadows - The Story of Iran and the Jews" exhibition catalogue (Beit Hatfutsot, The Museum of the Jewish People, Tel Aviv, 2010), pp. 48-49.