Lot 2: TWO COSTUME DESIGNS FOR THE MIRACLE OF THEOPHILUS BY BILIBIN, 1907
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IVAN BILIBIN (RUSSIAN 1876-1942), The Miracle of Theophilus
1.Teofil', 1907, gouache on paper, 22.5 x 11 cm (8-7/8 x 4-3/8 in), initialed and dated lower right, bottom and upper center
2. Sluzhitel' Kardinala, gouache on paper, 22.5 x 14.3 cm (8-7/8 x 5-5/8 in), titled on the bottom.
Le Miracle de Theophile (The Miracle of Theophilus) is a thirteenth-century miracle play written in Langues d'oil, circa 1261 by the trouvre Rutebeuf. The play is a religious drama, drawn from traditional accounts of the lives of the Saints and the Blessed Virgin Mary. In the play, Theophile sells his soul to the Devil. Overcome by remorse, he prays to the Virgin Mary, who delivers him from the cursed pact. The play refers to the legendary history of St. Theophilus of Adana, who according to traditional saints' legends made a pact with the Devil and repented of it.This play is the original source of an influential invocation to the Devil (in an unknown language). The original text from the French play is given to the character Salatin-apparently a version of Saladin , who in this play is labelled a sorcerer.