Lot 99: Vintage necklace, Authentic Konyak large mustard bead, very old large collar with Bells and Shell

The Curator's Eye

November 30, 2016, 2:00 PM EST
Boston, MA, US
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Description: Authentic Vintage Konyak Large Mustard Bead very Old Large Collar with Bells and Shell Sections. Konyak festival collar necklace, especially old and worn. The piece is 34 x 5 , has 21 strands of beads and is in very good condition given its use and age which is estimated to be the mid to late 20th century.

Please note that the designation Authentic means that the piece was made by the Nagas and used by them in their actual ceremonies and not made for tourists.

Please note that this lot has a reserve and is part of a live auction with attending bidders. When you leave a bid in advance of the auction, submit your maximum. Invaluable will bid on your behalf as much as necessary to ensure that you meet the reserve price or that you remain in the lead, up to your maximum. The bidder who has submitted the highest bid wins the lot, provided the bid exceeds the reserve price.

Ethnographic art

Ancient art

antiquity

Dimensions: 34 x 5 in
Medium: Shell, bone, glass beads, cotton string
Date: 1945
Condition Report: Very good
Literature: Nagaland has a rich diversity of ethnic groups, languages and religions. More than 80% of the population lives in small, isolated villages and practice their own rituals and traditions that have been existing since centuries. The Nagas are said to belong to the Indo-Mongoloid stock, a race whose presence was first noted ten centuries before Christ, at the time of the compilation of the Vedas. The Nagas are mostly Christians.

Naga Features: The Nagas are usually medium sized. The nose is flat, eyes curved, complexion fair, and hair straight. Men are muscular and women are usually short. One unique feature of the Nagas is that they wear conical red headgear decorated with wild boar canine teeth and white black Hornbill feathers, the spear with the shaft decorated with red black hairs and the unique dao with broad blade and long handle. Both men and women wear traditional Naga jewelry. Naga shawls are very famous among the tribes. Tattooing is customary among the tribes.

Nagaland Culture

The tribes of Nagaland are unique in their culture and traditions. The tribes are excellent and skilled craftsmen. Naga tribes are known for being hard working and laborious. They are known for making exquisite bamboo and cane products, weaving and wood carving. The Nagas are expert in basketry, weaving, woodcarving, pottery and metal work. Agriculture is the main occupation of the people. Rice, millet and Taro potato are grown by the people.

The tribes of Nagaland are very fond of dance and music. Music forms an essential parts of their lives. There are different traditional dances and music of the different tribes. The music of is characterized by folk songs and music accentuated by traditional instruments.

People of Nagaland are also famous for celebrating numerous seasonal fairs and festivals. All the tribes celebrate their own distinct festivals with dance and music. The most important festivals celebrated by the tribes include Sekrenyi, Moatsu Mong, Suhkruhnye, Bushu, Yemshe, and Metumniu among others.

The food of the Naga tribe consist of rice, millet, vegetables, fish, meat, Naga chilly and chutney.

Nagaland Village System: The tribes live mainly in villages. For the Nagas family is the most important institution. Women are treated equally with men. Nagas are traditionally and tribally organized with a strong warrior tradition. Head hunting is an important aspect of the people. Most of the houses of the Nagas have skull displaying their warrior qualities.

Different Tribes of Nagaland: Nagaland is home to some 16 different kinds of tribes with distinct and fascinating cultures. Each of the Naga tribe is divided into as many as twenty clans. The Nagas speak 60 different dialects. The prominent tribes are Angami, Ao, Chakhesang, Chang, Khiamniungan, Konyak, Lotha, Pochury, Phom, Poumai, Rongmei Naga, Rengma, Sangtam, Sema, Mao and Zeliang among many others. The languages of the Nagas may vary from Angami-Pochury, Ao, Kukish, Sal, Tangkhul and Zeme branches of Tibeto Burman.

Some important tribes are:

Angami Naga: The Angami Nagas are one of the major tribes of Nagaland. The Angamis mainly celebrate the Sekrenyi festival. They are basically hill people and depend on agriculture for their mode of livelihood. 98 % of the Angamis are Christians.

Ao Naga: Ao Nagas are another major tribes in Nagaland. They reside mainly in Tsula to Tsurang in Mokokchung district. The Ao Nagas are known for the celebration of different harvest festivals. The Aos are primarily Christians.

Chang: Changs are one of the recognized Scheduled Tribes in India. The traditional territory of the Chang lies in the Central Tuensang district. About 99 % of the Changs are Christians. They speak the Chang language and the Chang people are very fond of music and dance. They celebrate Christmas, Naknyu Lem, Poang Lem, Jeinyu Leam and so many other festivals with fanfare and gaiety.

Konyak: Konyak have the largest populations among the Nagas. They are found in the Mon district of Nagaland. They are famous for their tattoos all over their faces and hands.

Lotha: Lotha is also a major Naga tribe and reside in the Wokha district. They are popular for traditional dance and folk songs.

Sumi: Sumi Nagas are one of the major Naga tribes. They mainly inhabit in the Zunheboto district. 99 % of the Sumis are Christians. Tuluni and Ahuna are the most important festivals of the Sumis.

Yimchunger: Yimchunger is a minor Naga group. Metmneo festival is celebrated by the Yimchunge people.

Khiamniungan: Khiamniungan is comparatively a minor Naga group. They mainly reside in the Tuensang district in Nagaland. Miu festival and Tsokum festival are the most important festivals celebrated by this tribal group. (Source: India on line)

Tangkhul: Tangkhul is a Naga tribe living in the Indo-Burma border area occupying the Ukhrul district in Manipur, India and the Somra Tangkhul hills (Somra tract) in Upper Burma. Despite this international border, many Tangkhul have continued to regard themselves as "one nation".[1]

Further Reading

Stirn, Aglaja & Peter van Ham. The Hidden world of the Naga: Living Traditions in Northeast India. London: Prestel.
Oppitz, Michael, Thomas Kaiser, Alban von Stockhausen & Marion Wettstein. 2008. Naga Identities: Changing Local Cultures in the Northeast of India. Gent: Snoeck Publishers.
Kunz, Richard & Vibha Joshi. 2008. Naga A Forgotten Mountain Region Rediscovered. Basel: Merian.
Alban von Stockhausen: Imag (in) ing the Nagas: The Pictorial Ethnography of Hans-Eberhard Kauffmann and Christoph von F??rer-Haimendorf. Arnoldsche, Stuttgart 2014, ISBN 978-3-89790-412-5.(Source: Times of India)

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Accepted forms of payment: American Express, Discover, MasterCard, Money Order / Cashiers Check, Visa, Wire Transfer
Shipping: 1. SHIPPING POLICY
1.1 Shipment Only After Payment By Buyer
Auction Property will not be shipped to the Buyer until the Buyer has paid in full the Total Purchase Price and has satisfied such terms that Curator, in its sole discretion, shall require.
1.2 Responsibility of Shipping Cost
The Buyer is responsible for paying the full shipping and insurance costs for the Property. Unless a prior arrangement has been made between the Seller and Curator to determine shipping costs, the shipping cost will be provided for the Buyer SEPARATELY from the invoice for any sold Property. All arrangements for shipping and payment of shipping shall be organized between the Seller and the Buyer.
1.3 Curator's Acts As Agent And Is Not Responsible For Shipping Details, Costs, Disputes
The Buyer hereby agrees that Curator will pass along Buyer's contact and shipping information to the Seller in order to facilitate shipment of any purchased Property. Curator will offer the Auction Property as agent for the Seller, but does not have physical possession of any items listed in the Catalog unless otherwise indicated prior to or during the Sale. Buyer agrees to receive information and correspondence from the Seller in regards to shipping arrangements. Curator is not responsible for determining any shipping details, including the determining of shipping method, packing and obtaining insurance. If disputes arise with the Shipping vendor, it will be the responsibility of the Seller or the Buyer to Resolve the issue.
2. INSURANCE
2.1 Seller is Responsible for Damage Before Shipping
Insurance during shipping from the Seller to the Buyer for all Property listed in the Sale shall remain the responsibility of the Seller or their agents. Curator accepts no responsibility for damage to items stored or packed by the Seller or their agents.
2.2 Seller is Responsible for Insurance Coverage During Shipping
The Seller shall be responsible for obtaining Insurance coverage from the shipping vendor for any sold & shipped Property equal to the Total Purchase Price of the item. In the event that the Seller fails to obtain insurance coverage, or did not obtain an adequate amount, Curator and the Buyer shall not be responsible or liable for any such loss resulting from Lost or Damaged Property.
3. INSURANCE CLAIMS ON ITEMS DURING SHIPMENT FROM THE SELLER TO THE BUYER
3.1 Property Lost in Transit from the Seller to the Buyer
In the event that Property is irretrievably lost in transit, the Seller will be required to initiate a Lost Package claim with the shipping vendor for the Total Purchase Price of the Property. Seller is required to provide confirmation from the insurance company that a claim has been initiated (including a claim number) for the Total Purchase Price.
Once Curator has received confirmation from the seller that Payment has been received for the Total Purchase Price of the Property and the Seller has paid Curator , Curator will refund the Buyer the Total Purchase Price, including shipping costs.
Once the claim is processed, the Seller will be required to pay Curator the Seller's Commission based on the Hammer price.
3.2 Damage In Transit from the Seller to the Buyer
In the case that the Property is damaged while in transit to the Buyer, The Buyer must notify Curator of the damage as soon as possible. Curator requires that the Buyer thoroughly document the condition of the Property and the packing material. Photographs should be taken that clearly represent any damage to the Property and the condition of all packing materials. No parts of the Property or packing materials should be discarded and the Property should be kept at the original delivery address.
Once Curator has received photographic documentation of the reported damage, Curator will notify the Seller to open an damage insurance claim with the shipping vendor. Seller will be required to provide Curator with confirmation from the shipping vendor that a claim has been initiated (including a claim number).
In the event of repairable damage to the Property, Curator will refund the buyer from the Seller's Net Proceeds the equivalent of the Insurance payment, after insurance payment has been made to Seller.
As part of standard procedure for processing insurance claims, the Buyer must allow a representative of the shipping vendor to visit the delivery location in order to physically inspect the reported damage if requested.
In the event of a Total loss, Curator will refund the Buyer the Total Purchase price of the piece. The Seller will be required to pay Curator the net proceeds due (which is equivalent to the Seller's Commission) upon closing of the Insurance claim.
4. INSURANCE CLAIMS ON ITEMS ON RETURN SHIPMENT FROM THE BUYER TO THE SELLER
4.1 Responsibility of shipping and Insurance cost.
As described in section 7 of the Conditions of Sale, there are three (3) situations in which a Buyer may initiate a return during the Return Period and each carries a different responsibility for shipping and insurance responsibilities and cost:
a) In the event that the Auction Property is discovered to have been misidentified due to an oversight on the part of the Seller, the Seller will be responsible for shipping arrangements, including the cost of fully insured return shipping from the Buyer to the Seller. Buyer must fully document the condition and packaging of the Item before shipment. Seller will be responsible for arranging return payment between Buyer and Seller. Curator will refund the Total Purchase Price, to the Buyer once the Seller receives the returned Auction Property in the same condition that it was sent.
If an item is not returned in the same condition it was in when shipped to the seller, and the change in condition was not a result of shipment, then the Seller may elect to refuse the return.
b) In the event that it is discovered that the dimensions, condition, or function of the Auction Property are meaningfully different than what the Seller had reported to Curator, the Seller will be responsible for shipping arrangements, including the cost of fully insured return shipping. Buyer must fully document the condition and packaging of the Item before shipment. Curator will refund the Buyer will be refunded the Total Purchase Price of the Auction Property, once the returned Auction Property has been delivered to the Seller in the same condition that it was sent.
If an item is not returned in the same condition it was in when shipped to the seller, and the change in condition was not a result of shipment, then the Seller may elect to refuse the return.
c) In the event that the Buyer is not satisfied with a purchased Auction Property for any reason other than the Auction Property not being as described or having unreported condition issues, the Buyer can announce a return within the Return Period after delivery. The Auction Property must be returned in the Same condition as it was sent. The Buyer is responsible for shipping arrangements, including cost of return shipping and obtaining insurance for the Total Purchase Price of the inventory. Buyer must fully document the condition and packaging of the Item before shipment. Curator will refund the Buyer the Total Purchase Price of the Auction Property less Insurance and Shipping & Handling Fees, upon delivery to the Seller's location in its original condition. At the Seller's sole discretion, Seller may elect to pay for and make shipping arrangements for the item's return.
If Buyer fails to obtain shipping insurance for the total hammer price, Buyer will be fully responsible for the cost of any damage to the Property during transit not covered by insurance. All damage estimates will be made by a third-party professional expert appointed by Seller.
If for any reason, an item is not returned in the same condition it was in when shipped to the Buyer then the Seller may elect to refuse the return.
4.2 Loss Claims on Return Shipment
In the event that Property is irretrievably lost in transit, then the following procedure apply:
a) Loss Claim on Return to Seller per section 4(a)
The Seller will be required to initiate a Lost Package claim with the shipping vendor for the Total Purchase Price of the Property.
Once Curator has received confirmation from the Seller that a claim has been initiated (including a claim number) for the Total Purchase price, Curator will disburse payment to the Buyer for the Total Purchase price.
b) Loss Claim on Return to Seller per section 4(b)
The Seller will be required to initiate a Lost Package claim with the shipping vendor for the Total Purchase Price of the Property.
Once Curator has received confirmation from the Seller that a claim has been initiated (including a claim number) for the Total Purchase price, Curator will disburse payment to the Buyer for the Total Purchase price.
c) Loss Claim on Return to Seller per section 4(c)
The Buyer will be required to initiate a Lost Package claim with the shipping vendor for the Total Purchase Price of the Property.
Once Curator has received confirmation from the Buyer that a claim has been initiated (including a claim number) for the Total Purchase price, Curator will disburse payment to the Seller minus commissions.
4.3 Damage Claims on Return Shipment
In the case that the Property is damaged while in transit to the Seller, The Seller must notify Curator of the damage as soon as possible. Curator requires that the Seller thoroughly document the condition of the Property and the packing material. Photographs should be taken that clearly represent any damage to the Property and the condition of all packing materials. No parts of the Property or packing materials should be discarded and the Property should be kept at the original delivery address.
As part of standard procedure for processing insurance claims, the Seller must allow a representative of the shipping vendor to visit the delivery location in order to physically inspect the reported damage if requested. The Seller may be required to release the property to the shipping vendor in the event of a Total Loss.
a) Damage Claim on Return to Seller per section 4(a)
Once Curator has received photographic documentation of the reported damage, Curator will notify the Seller, to open an insurance claim with the shipping vendor.
Once the Seller has notified Curator that they have received the insurance payment, then Curator will refund the total purchase price to the Buyer.
(c)If a Return is initiated per sections 4.(c), once the Buyer has notified Curator that they have received the insurance payment, then Curator will refund the total purchase price less commissions to the Seller.
b) Damage Claim on Return to Seller per section 4.(b)
Once Curator has received photographic documentation of the reported damage, Curator will notify the Seller, to open an insurance claim with the shipping vendor.
Once the Seller has notified Curator that they have received the insurance payment, then Curator will refund the total purchase price to the Buyer.
c) Damage Claim on Return to Seller per section 4.(c)
Once Curator has received photographic documentation of the reported damage, Curator will notify the Buyer, who is responsible for the shipping details and insurance, to open an insurance claim with the shipping vendor.
Once the Buyer has notified Curator that they have received the insurance payment, then Curator will refund the total purchase price less commissions to the Seller.
Buyer's Premium
5.0%
From: To: Increment:
$0 $9 $1
$10 $199 $10
$200 $499 $25
$500 $999 $50
$1,000 $2,999 $100
$3,000 $4,999 $250
$5,000 $9,999 $500
$10,000 $29,999 $1,000
$30,000 $49,999 $2,500
$50,000+ $5,000
Shipping Terms: 1. SHIPPING POLICY
1.1 Shipment Only After Payment By Buyer
Auction Property will not be shipped to the Buyer until the Buyer has paid in full the Total Purchase Price and has satisfied such terms that Curator, in its sole discretion, shall require.
1.2 Responsibility of Shipping Cost
The Buyer is responsible for paying the full shipping and insurance costs for the Property. Unless a prior arrangement has been made between the Seller and Curator to determine shipping costs, the shipping cost will be provided for the Buyer SEPARATELY from the invoice for any sold Property. All arrangements for shipping and payment of shipping shall be organized between the Seller and the Buyer.
1.3 Curator's Acts As Agent And Is Not Responsible For Shipping Details, Costs, Disputes
The Buyer hereby agrees that Curator will pass along Buyer's contact and shipping information to the Seller in order to facilitate shipment of any purchased Property. Curator will offer the Auction Property as agent for the Seller, but does not have physical possession of any items listed in the Catalog unless otherwise indicated prior to or during the Sale. Buyer agrees to receive information and correspondence from the Seller in regards to shipping arrangements. Curator is not responsible for determining any shipping details, including the determining of shipping method, packing and obtaining insurance. If disputes arise with the Shipping vendor, it will be the responsibility of the Seller or the Buyer to Resolve the issue.
2. INSURANCE
2.1 Seller is Responsible for Damage Before Shipping
Insurance during shipping from the Seller to the Buyer for all Property listed in the Sale shall remain the responsibility of the Seller or their agents. Curator accepts no responsibility for damage to items stored or packed by the Seller or their agents.
2.2 Seller is Responsible for Insurance Coverage During Shipping
The Seller shall be responsible for obtaining Insurance coverage from the shipping vendor for any sold & shipped Property equal to the Total Purchase Price of the item. In the event that the Seller fails to obtain insurance coverage, or did not obtain an adequate amount, Curator and the Buyer shall not be responsible or liable for any such loss resulting from Lost or Damaged Property.
3. INSURANCE CLAIMS ON ITEMS DURING SHIPMENT FROM THE SELLER TO THE BUYER
3.1 Property Lost in Transit from the Seller to the Buyer
In the event that Property is irretrievably lost in transit, the Seller will be required to initiate a Lost Package claim with the shipping vendor for the Total Purchase Price of the Property. Seller is required to provide confirmation from the insurance company that a claim has been initiated (including a claim number) for the Total Purchase Price.
Once Curator has received confirmation from the seller that Payment has been received for the Total Purchase Price of the Property and the Seller has paid Curator , Curator will refund the Buyer the Total Purchase Price, including shipping costs.
Once the claim is processed, the Seller will be required to pay Curator the Seller's Commission based on the Hammer price.
3.2 Damage In Transit from the Seller to the Buyer
In the case that the Property is damaged while in transit to the Buyer, The Buyer must notify Curator of the damage as soon as possible. Curator requires that the Buyer thoroughly document the condition of the Property and the packing material. Photographs should be taken that clearly represent any damage to the Property and the condition of all packing materials. No parts of the Property or packing materials should be discarded and the Property should be kept at the original delivery address.
Once Curator has received photographic documentation of the reported damage, Curator will notify the Seller to open an damage insurance claim with the shipping vendor. Seller will be required to provide Curator with confirmation from the shipping vendor that a claim has been initiated (including a claim number).
In the event of repairable damage to the Property, Curator will refund the buyer from the Seller's Net Proceeds the equivalent of the Insurance payment, after insurance payment has been made to Seller.
As part of standard procedure for processing insurance claims, the Buyer must allow a representative of the shipping vendor to visit the delivery location in order to physically inspect the reported damage if requested.
In the event of a Total loss, Curator will refund the Buyer the Total Purchase price of the piece. The Seller will be required to pay Curator the net proceeds due (which is equivalent to the Seller's Commission) upon closing of the Insurance claim.
4. INSURANCE CLAIMS ON ITEMS ON RETURN SHIPMENT FROM THE BUYER TO THE SELLER
4.1 Responsibility of shipping and Insurance cost.
As described in section 7 of the Conditions of Sale, there are three (3) situations in which a Buyer may initiate a return during the Return Period and each carries a different responsibility for shipping and insurance responsibilities and cost:
a) In the event that the Auction Property is discovered to have been misidentified due to an oversight on the part of the Seller, the Seller will be responsible for shipping arrangements, including the cost of fully insured return shipping from the Buyer to the Seller. Buyer must fully document the condition and packaging of the Item before shipment. Seller will be responsible for arranging return payment between Buyer and Seller. Curator will refund the Total Purchase Price, to the Buyer once the Seller receives the returned Auction Property in the same condition that it was sent.
If an item is not returned in the same condition it was in when shipped to the seller, and the change in condition was not a result of shipment, then the Seller may elect to refuse the return.
b) In the event that it is discovered that the dimensions, condition, or function of the Auction Property are meaningfully different than what the Seller had reported to Curator, the Seller will be responsible for shipping arrangements, including the cost of fully insured return shipping. Buyer must fully document the condition and packaging of the Item before shipment. Curator will refund the Buyer will be refunded the Total Purchase Price of the Auction Property, once the returned Auction Property has been delivered to the Seller in the same condition that it was sent.
If an item is not returned in the same condition it was in when shipped to the seller, and the change in condition was not a result of shipment, then the Seller may elect to refuse the return.
c) In the event that the Buyer is not satisfied with a purchased Auction Property for any reason other than the Auction Property not being as described or having unreported condition issues, the Buyer can announce a return within the Return Period after delivery. The Auction Property must be returned in the Same condition as it was sent. The Buyer is responsible for shipping arrangements, including cost of return shipping and obtaining insurance for the Total Purchase Price of the inventory. Buyer must fully document the condition and packaging of the Item before shipment. Curator will refund the Buyer the Total Purchase Price of the Auction Property less Insurance and Shipping & Handling Fees, upon delivery to the Seller's location in its original condition. At the Seller's sole discretion, Seller may elect to pay for and make shipping arrangements for the item's return.
If Buyer fails to obtain shipping insurance for the total hammer price, Buyer will be fully responsible for the cost of any damage to the Property during transit not covered by insurance. All damage estimates will be made by a third-party professional expert appointed by Seller.
If for any reason, an item is not returned in the same condition it was in when shipped to the Buyer then the Seller may elect to refuse the return.
4.2 Loss Claims on Return Shipment
In the event that Property is irretrievably lost in transit, then the following procedure apply:
a) Loss Claim on Return to Seller per section 4(a)
The Seller will be required to initiate a Lost Package claim with the shipping vendor for the Total Purchase Price of the Property.
Once Curator has received confirmation from the Seller that a claim has been initiated (including a claim number) for the Total Purchase price, Curator will disburse payment to the Buyer for the Total Purchase price.
b) Loss Claim on Return to Seller per section 4(b)
The Seller will be required to initiate a Lost Package claim with the shipping vendor for the Total Purchase Price of the Property.
Once Curator has received confirmation from the Seller that a claim has been initiated (including a claim number) for the Total Purchase price, Curator will disburse payment to the Buyer for the Total Purchase price.
c) Loss Claim on Return to Seller per section 4(c)
The Buyer will be required to initiate a Lost Package claim with the shipping vendor for the Total Purchase Price of the Property.
Once Curator has received confirmation from the Buyer that a claim has been initiated (including a claim number) for the Total Purchase price, Curator will disburse payment to the Seller minus commissions.
4.3 Damage Claims on Return Shipment
In the case that the Property is damaged while in transit to the Seller, The Seller must notify Curator of the damage as soon as possible. Curator requires that the Seller thoroughly document the condition of the Property and the packing material. Photographs should be taken that clearly represent any damage to the Property and the condition of all packing materials. No parts of the Property or packing materials should be discarded and the Property should be kept at the original delivery address.
As part of standard procedure for processing insurance claims, the Seller must allow a representative of the shipping vendor to visit the delivery location in order to physically inspect the reported damage if requested. The Seller may be required to release the property to the shipping vendor in the event of a Total Loss.
a) Damage Claim on Return to Seller per section 4(a)
Once Curator has received photographic documentation of the reported damage, Curator will notify the Seller, to open an insurance claim with the shipping vendor.
Once the Seller has notified Curator that they have received the insurance payment, then Curator will refund the total purchase price to the Buyer.
(c)If a Return is initiated per sections 4.(c), once the Buyer has notified Curator that they have received the insurance payment, then Curator will refund the total purchase price less commissions to the Seller.
b) Damage Claim on Return to Seller per section 4.(b)
Once Curator has received photographic documentation of the reported damage, Curator will notify the Seller, to open an insurance claim with the shipping vendor.
Once the Seller has notified Curator that they have received the insurance payment, then Curator will refund the total purchase price to the Buyer.
c) Damage Claim on Return to Seller per section 4.(c)
Once Curator has received photographic documentation of the reported damage, Curator will notify the Buyer, who is responsible for the shipping details and insurance, to open an insurance claim with the shipping vendor.
Once the Buyer has notified Curator that they have received the insurance payment, then Curator will refund the total purchase price less commissions to the Seller.
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