Lot 5218: William Denham THE ARTIFICIAL CLOCK-MAKER 1700 Antique Horology History Of Watch & Clock Satellite-Instruments Telescopes Fold-Out Plates
February 17, 2013
Freeville, NY, USALive Auction
Title: The Artificial Clock-Maker: A Treatise of Watch & Clock-Work, Wherein the Art of Calculating Numbers for Most Sorts of Movements Is Explained, to the Capacity of the Unlearned. Also, the History of Watch and Clock-Work, both Antient and Modern. With Other Useful Matters Never before Published. The Second Edition Enlarged. To Which Is Added a Supplement, Containing, 1 The Anatomy of a Watch and Clock. 2. Monsieur Romer's Satellite-Instrument, with Observations concerning the Calculation of the Eclipses of Jupiter's Satelites, and To Find the Longitude by Them. 3. A Nice Way To Correct Pendulum Watches. 4. Mr. Flamsteed's Equation Tables. 5. To Find a Meridian-Line, for the Governing of Watches and Other Uses. 6. To Make a Telescope To Keep a Watch by the Fixed Stars
Author: William Derham - William Derham was an English clergyman and natural philosopher. He produced the earliest, reasonably accurate estimate of the speed of sound.
In 1696, he published his "Artificial Clockmaker," which went through several editions. The best known of his subsequent works are "Physico-Theology," published in 1713; "Astro-Theology," 1714; and "Christo-Theology," 1730. All three of these books are teleological arguments for the being and attributes of God, and were used by William Paley nearly a century later. However, these books also include quantities of original scientific observations. For example, "Physico-Theology" contains his recognition of natural variation within species and that he knew that Didelphis virginialis (the Virginia opossum) was the only marsupial in North America. Similarly, "Astro-Theology" includes several newly identified nebulae (this was the name used at the time for all extended astronomical objects: some of his nebulae are what we would now call star clusters). His 16-feet long telescope (also used when measuring the velocity of sound) was at the top of the tower of St Laurence's Church, where the necessary doors are still in place.
On 3 February 1703, Derham was elected Fellow of the Royal Society. He was Boyle lecturer in 1711-1712. His last known work, entitled "A Defence of the Church's Right in Leasehold Estates," appeared as early as 1731. But besides the works published in his own name, Derham contributed a variety of papers to the "Transactions of the Royal Society," revised the "Miscellanea Curiosa," edited the correspondence, and wrote a biography, of John Ray and Eleazar Albin's "Natural History," and published some of the manuscripts of Robert Hooke, the natural philosopher. His meteorological observations Upminster (in the "Transactions of the Royal Society") are amongst the earliest series in England.
Publisher: James Knapton
Printing Information: Second Edition
Binding Style: Hardcover
Pagination: 119 pages plus 28 pages of supplement and 2 pages of publisher's advertisments
Width: 4" Height: 6.6"
Condition / Notes: Antique volume is bound in full leather. Volume has been rebacked, with gilt lettering and ruling to spine. Spine is chipped at head and front edge. Covers also show wear and minor loss at outside corners of boards. Binding is firm. Book has new endpapers. Previous owner's name appears at top of title page, with small stain in mid-section. Final page of supplement shows marginalia. Age-toned pages are otherwise clean and without markings. This work contains textual illustrations, including a number of charts, and intact fold-out plates.
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