Zur Quantenmechanik der Stossvorgange; Quantenmechanik der Stossvorgange; Das Adiabatenprinzip in der Quantenmechanik(82 views)
Description: FIRST EDITIONS of all three papers developing Max Born’s statistical interpretation of quantum mechanics. Born’s revolutionary work abandoned the notion of causality in quantum mechanics, leading directly to Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle and prompting Einstein’s famous objection that God “does not play dice.” Noble Prize to Max Born awarded in 1954 “for his fundamental research in quantum mechanics, especially for the statistical interpretation of the wave function.” ?At the end of June 1926, Max Born submitted for publication a paper entitled ?Quantum Mechanics of Collision Phenomena.? He thought he had broken the Gordian knot by finding an interpretation that adjudicated some credit to both contenders [Heisenberg?s matrix mechanics and Schrodinger?s wave mechanics]. Schrodinger?s wave function was indeed unobservable, as Heisenberg maintained, but the magnitude of its square... was observable- it could be related to the probability of finding an electron. However, and this was the key, no absolute determination of an electron?s position was possible, only relative probabilities of detecting it in one position or another. ?Although Born received the Nobel Prize thirty years later for the paper?s contents, Schrodinger and Einstein were no more pleased by this formulation than they had been by Heisenberg?s. It abandoned the notion of causality, the cherished link for them between cause and effect. One of Einstein?s most famous quotes is contained in a December 1926 letter on the subject to Born. He simply would not accept the notion that a probability measurement of an electron?s position was the best one could do: ?Quantum mechanics is very impressive. But an inner voice tells me that it is not yet the real thing. The theory produces a good deal but hardly brings us closer to the secrets of the Old One. I am at all events that He does not play dice.?? ?By October, Heisenberg realized the potential of Born?s probabilistic interpretation... Four months later, Heisenberg wrote a fourteen-page letter to Pauli that contained all the basic elements of what came to be the uncertainty principle, holding that the more precise the measurement of the momentum of a particle, the less precise the measurement of position and vice versa.? ?Causality had been the basis for the laws of nature for centuries... Born?s statistical interpretation of Schrodinger?s wave function- an essential element of quantum mechanics- was causailty?s death knell.? Nancy Thorndike Greenspan, The End of the Certain World: The Life and Science of Max Born. Gino Segr??, Faust in Copenhagen: A Struggle for the Soul of Physics. Zur Quantenmechanik der Stossvorgange [Quantum Mechanics of Collision Phenomena]. ?Statistical interpretation of quantum mechanics. Quantum theory of scattering? (Particle Physics: One Hundred Years of Discoveries); Zur Quantenmechanik der Stossvorgange [Quantum Mechanics of Collision Phenomena]. ?Statistical interpretation of quantum mechanics. Further development? (Particle Physics: One Hundred Years of Discoveries). Das Adiabatenprinzip in der Quantenmechanik [The Adiabatic Principle in Quantum Mechanics]. ?Statistical interpretation of quantum mechanics. Further development? (Particle Physics: One Hundred Years of Discoveries). In: Zeitschrift fur Physik, Vol 37 (pp.863ff), Vol 38 (pp.803ff), Vol 40 (pp.167ff). Berlin: Julius Springer, 1926. Octavo, uniformly bound in modern half cloth over marbled boards. Bookplate on front pastedown; institutional stamps of preliminary volume leaves; otherwise fine.
Artist or Maker: Born, Max