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Rare books, Manuscripts, Documents & Jewish Arts

by Winner's & Judaica Jerusalem


549 lots | 546 with images

January 15, 2013

Live Auction
549 Lots
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Cantorship in Braunschweig [Germany]. 1943. Gesange der Synagoge.

Lot 51: Cantorship in Braunschweig [Germany]. 1943. Gesange der Synagoge.

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Description: Gesange der synagogue...Braunschweig, zusammengestelt von H. Goldberg, cantor und Lehrer daselbst.Cantor H. Goldberg, cantor of the Braunschweig community. Though Braunschweig was a Reform stronghold, these notes and prayers are apparently from the Orthodox community. Printed there in 1843. Prayer passages printed at the top of each piece of music, in large Hebrew letters. All apparently by lithographic print.VIII, [3]-76, [2] pages. 22 cm. Passage of cantorship, music notes for the entire year, as per the customs of the Braunschweig community. Rare passages, such as Lecha Dodi with a special melody for the three weeks preceding the 9th of Av. Owner stamp on the title page and right binding. Original, shaky binding. Interior in very fine condition. Quality paper. Some of the first traditional Jewish music notes.

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Cantorship. Music Notes. A heim, A Heim. Vienna, c. 1930. Jewish Artist, Uriel Birnbaum.

Lot 52: Cantorship. Music Notes. A heim, A Heim. Vienna, c. 1930. Jewish Artist, Uriel Birnbaum.

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Description: Words and notes for the piano for the song 'A Heim A Heim', by Chief Cantor [oberkantor] Emanuel Frankel. Vienna, c. 1930.Emanuel Frankel (1889-1941) was a prominent cantor prior to the Holocaust. He was a student of Yossele Rosenblatt, and the cantor of the 'Polish', Beit Yisrael synagogue. For religious reasons, he refused to tape his musical creations, as he viewed this as a profanity of the prayer. He was killed by the Nazis.This is printed documentation of a unique composition. Since his voice was not recorded, this written documentation is particularly significant. Yiddish. 34 cm. 5, [1] page. Title page completely illustrated by Jewish-Viennese artist, Uriel Birnbabum. Leaves are detached. Complete. Very rare.

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Amudei Avoda.  Biographies of Early Poets, Authors of the Yotzrot Hymns. Berlin, 1857. Only Edition.

Lot 53: Amudei Avoda. Biographies of Early Poets, Authors of the Yotzrot Hymns. Berlin, 1857. Only Edition.

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Description: Biographies of Jewish poets and songwriters whose hundreds of hymns are scattered throughout Jewish prayer books. In alphabetical order by Eliezer Landshut. Berlin, 1857-1862. The author was a noted scholar. This is his most prominent work.Two sections. [1], 130 pages. Foreign language title page. In the second section, [5], [131], - 314, XXXIII pages. Variant copy from that listed by the Bibliography of the Hebrew Book. This unique work includes the names of 400 poets who composed the slichot, yotzrot and liturgical hymns with biographies, some brief and some lengthy. With unknown kinot and slichot.This is a prominent work regarding the history of these poets. Exceptionally significant. Only, rare edition.

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Shir HaAshirim. Drohobych, 1903.

Lot 54: Shir HaAshirim. Drohobych, 1903.

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Description: Shir HaAshrim, poem giving thanks for meriting to complete his six-sectioned work titled Mor Dror, published between [1892-1900]. Includes 'mashal, melitza and chidot' by Yaakov ben Hirsh Tzvi Halevi, titled Rabbiner Hiirsch. Drohobych, 1903.[2], 84 pages. 22 cm. Jacket title page. Book includes poems about biographical anecdotes, in memory of other people and the like. Large selection of poems with German translation. Soft cover. Very rare.

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Mein Blaues Klavier. Else Lasker-Schuler. 1869-1945.

Lot 55: Mein Blaues Klavier. Else Lasker-Schuler. 1869-1945.

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Description: Numbered, bibliophile edition, first edition, Tarshis publishing, 1943. Hard, blue cover with an illustration made by the poet. Copy numbered 232.45 pages. 22 cm. long, 14 cm. wide. Very fine condition, though the spine is missing (like in most copies).Else Lasker-Schular was born in 1869 in Elberfeld, Germany, she is considered the most prominent Jewish poet in the modern era and the most prominent poet of German expressionism. In 1938, she immigrated to Palestine and lived in Jerusalem where she passed away about 7 years later, leaving much lyrical material, three plays, prose - scenes, short stories, illustrations, letters and many documents. This is the authoress' last work that was published during her life.Very rare.

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Haggada Shel Pesach. Lemberg, 1873. Chassidut.

Lot 56: Haggada Shel Pesach. Lemberg, 1873. Chassidut.

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Description: Passover Haggada with the Pri Chaim commentary by Admor Rabbi Avraham Chaim of Zlotchuv. First printed from manuscript. Lemberg, 1873.24 leaves. 24.5 cm. Approbations from Rabbi Avraham Yaakov Friedman of Sadigura, Chassidic commentary. Most of the commentary as heard from his Rebbe, Rabbi Dovid the 'Maggid of Mazaritsch. Owner notation on title page. Modern binding. A few wine stains. Yaari 1056. Otzar Haggadot 1418.

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Haggada Shel Pesach. Color-Illustrated Olive Wood Binding. Bezalel Jerusalem. Jerusalem, c. 1930.

Lot 57: Haggada Shel Pesach. Color-Illustrated Olive Wood Binding. Bezalel Jerusalem. Jerusalem, c. 1930.

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Description: Passover Haggada with 18 illustrations. Jerusalem, HaTichya press. [ c. 1950]. 74, [7] pages. 17 cm. Illustrations from various haggadot. Illustrations and title page in blue. [7] pages: Song of Songs.Olive wood binding. With impressive handmade illustrations of David's Tower in Jerusalem. Watercolor. Light crack in binding - without loss. Large embedded stamp of Bezalel Jerusalem in the left binding. Original binding made by Bezalel artists c. 1930. Years later it was used to bind a Haggada printed c. 1950. Excellent condition.

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Haggada Shel Pesach. Warsaw, 1833.

Lot 58: Haggada Shel Pesach. Warsaw, 1833.

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Description: Passover Haggada with the 'L'Pesach Leil Shemurim' commentary according to pshat and halacha. Additional dinim related to the Seder. [by Rabbi Yonah b"r Shmuel Zalman Baranetzki]. Warsaw, 1883.86 pages. 21 cm. Title page notes: 1882. Author omitted his name. Pages 79-86: Nachalat Avot commentary on a portion of the Echad Mi Yodei song by the author's father.The author notes in his preface that he authored the commentary to express gratitude to Hashem for his miraculous recovery from his critical illness in 1840. He had lost his own manuscript, but some of his words appeared in other works. He rewrote his work in 1857, but only printed it now in memory of his son Pesach Shimshon who died without children in [1868]. Owner stamps. Moth blemishes. Used binding. Very rare. Otzar Haggadot 1617, Yaari 1212.

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Haggada L'Leil Shimurim. Rodelheim, 1845.

Lot 59: Haggada L'Leil Shimurim. Rodelheim, 1845.

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Description: Precise and nicely organized Haggada'. Hebrew with Ashkenazic translation [tzena u'rena letters] by Rabbi Wolf Heidenheim. 1845.32 leaves. 11.7 cm. Width larger than length. Comments in the margins - elucidations and laws by Rabbi Wolf Heidenheim. Interlinear Hebrew and Ashkenazic. A few usage marks. Small worming marks on the bottom of solitary leaves, all on black spaces without any loss.This is the first edition of Heidenheim's famed translation on the Haggada. Otzar Haggadot 894.

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Haggada Shel Pesach. Prague, 1858.

Lot 60: Haggada Shel Pesach. Prague, 1858.

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Description: Seder Marbeh L'Saper V'Hu Haggada Shel Pesach'. Prague, 1858.63 pages. 19.1 cm. Hebrew with German translation on facing pages by M.I. Landau. Illustrations - one on the title page. According to the Prague edition of 1846. A few usage marks, light worming marks. Blemishes to solitary words. Loose binding. Yaari 787, Otzar Haggadot 1065.

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Haggada Shel Pesach. Leghorn [1879].

Lot 61: Haggada Shel Pesach. Leghorn [1879].

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Description: Haggada according to the Bagdad version. Hebrew with Judeo-Arabic translation. Leghorn, [1879]. Rare hymns. Seder plate according to the Chida. Additional leaf at the conclusion with handwritten kabalistic notations.32 leaves. 17.5 cm. Light tear in the title page border. Solitary ink stains on the title page. Light tears in the blank margins of a selection of leaves. Large tear in leaf 15 without loss. Light blemish to solitary letters. Original, Oriental binding. Otzar Haggadot 1523. Yaari 1147.

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Passover Haggada. Nachum Gutman. Tel Aviv,  1930. Hertzelia Press. Bright Yellow Illustrations.

Lot 62: Passover Haggada. Nachum Gutman. Tel Aviv, 1930. Hertzelia Press. Bright Yellow Illustrations.

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Description: Beautiful Passover Haggada illustrated by Nachum Gutman. Tel Aviv,c.1930. Amanut, Eretz Yisrael publishing. Hertzelia press. Gutman's Haggadot are noted for their unique style. Nachum Gutman was one of the first Palestine artists.17cm 63, [1] pages. Thick , quality paper. Excellent condition. Light aging stains. Original jacket. Otzar Haggadot 3353. Yaari, 2155.

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Chad Gadya. Berlin-Vienna. 1920. Uriel Menachem Birnbaum. Vienna.

Lot 63: Chad Gadya. Berlin-Vienna. 1920. Uriel Menachem Birnbaum. Vienna.

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Description: Chad Gadjo. Illustrations by Jewish-Viennese artist Menachem Birnbaum. German translation by Uriel Birnbaum. Zeichnungen von Menachem Birnbaum. Berlin, Welt Verlag, 1920. [15] leaves. 29 cm. Printed from left to right. On each page spread; verse from Chad Gadya in Hebrew and German on the left and a colored illustration on the left. Left cover disbound. Nice, fine condition. Impressive. Not in Yaari. Otzar Haggada 2713.

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Chukat HaPesach Haggada. Jerusalem, Yisrael Bak, [1843].

Lot 64: Chukat HaPesach Haggada. Jerusalem, Yisrael Bak, [1843].

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Description: Chukat HaPesach, with the mussar poem, 'Kearat Kesef' by Rabbi Yosef Ha'azuvi. In addition to the Haggada, the book features 'tikunim' and other things related to Nissan, the blessing of the trees, taanit bechorot, korban pesach, bedkiat chametz and more. Now with the laws of Pesach and a poem in Judeo-Arabic by Rabbi Avraham Ankawa. Jerusalem, [1843]. 84 leaves. 14 cm. Missing leaves 46-71 that were copied by hand on three leaves. Antiquated script - apparently from the time of printing. Many words of the manuscript have been erased or blurred. Approbation of Rabbi Chaim Avraham Gegin, Jerusalem, Yisrael Bak press [1842]. Used binding. Within the Haggada there is a poem recited in Moroccan communities on Parshat Beshalach, and on the 7th day of Pesach and a poem in honor of Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai. This is the second Haggada ever printed in Eretz Yisrael. The first one was printed in [1842] without any supplements. This is the first Haggada with supplements and elucidations that was printed in Eretz Yisrael. Otzar Haggadot 861.

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Chad Gadya. Zeev Raban. Tel Aviv, 1926. Unique copy.

Lot 65: Chad Gadya. Zeev Raban. Tel Aviv, 1926. Unique copy.

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Description: The chad gadya hymn from the Passover haggada with eye-catching color illustrations by Zeev Raban prominent Bezalel Jerusalem artist. Impressive illustration on each page. Two lines of text underneath each illustration. Text is in red, vowelized letters. Translated from Aramaic into Hebrew in a style appropriate for young children. Jerusalem, 1926. Published by "Bnei Bezalel". The work was made in Meir Gur Aryeh and Zeev Raban's 'beit haAvoda L'Amanut industrialit' [workshop for industrial art]. Artist's initials in the plate. Music notes for choir and soloist at the conclusion. 16.5 cm. [16] pages. Thick, quality paper. Excellent condition. Aging stains. >> Very rare. Not listed by Yaari or Otzar Haggadot. >> Unique copy: bound within an original olive wood binding. The front of the binding features an original illustration of the Western Wall. Undoubtedly made by Bezalel artists. The binding was stamped 'Bezalel Jerusalem'. Two metal coins embedded on both sides of the binding. >> A Passover haggada illustrated by Nachum Gutman is bound at the beginning of the volume, Tel Aviv 1936. Amanut publishing. 16.5 cm. [4], 63, [1] pages. Thick, quality paper. Aging stains. Otzar Haggadot 3600. Yaari 2230. Standard copies feature illustrated paper jackets. This is a unique copy with an olive wood, 'Bezalel' binding. The binding is original from the era.

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Megillat Esther, Printed in the Format of a Kosher Megilla. Baghdad, [1936].

Lot 66: Megillat Esther, Printed in the Format of a Kosher Megilla. Baghdad, [1936].

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Description: Megillat Esther printed in the form of a scroll, like a megilla on parchment. Printed on 32 ?? on lengthy paper about 70-80 cm each roll. Print is 10 cm. wide and the paper is 12 cm. wide. The paper strips are attached in the same format as a kosher megilla. Printed in Baghdad by Yosef Chaim Menashe Asher, at the press of Elisha Shochet, [1936].32 pages - 12 cm. Almost all columns features 10 cm. of printed space with 15 lines. The printer, Elisha Shochet worked there between [1926-1939]. Entirely completely in very fine condition.Especially rare. Not in the National Library. Not in Yaari's bibliography of Baghdad prints.

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Haggada Shel Pesach. Vienna-Berlin, [1921].

Lot 67: Haggada Shel Pesach. Vienna-Berlin, [1921].

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Description: . Illustrated by Joseph Budko.Passover Haggada illustrated by Joseph Budko. Vienna-Berlin, [1921]. Levatt Publishing.[1] leaf. 39 leaves. [3] leaves. 20 cm. Fine condition. A few tears with loss on the title page not affecting text. Rebound.

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Birchat HaMazon. Haggada shel Pesach. Amsterdam, [1722]. Woodcuts.

Lot 68: Birchat HaMazon. Haggada shel Pesach. Amsterdam, [1722]. Woodcuts.

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Description: Grace after Meals as per the Ashkenaz and Poland rite, 'dash benshen'. Amsterdam, Solomon Proops press. [1722]. Replete with woodcuts. Yiddish-German captions.Customs for the blessing.Shabbat Candle lighting with a copperplate engraving of a Jewish woman lighting candles.Shabbat hymns, havdala for motzei Shabbat with a copperplate engraving of children surrounding their father as he recites havdala. Chanuka candle lighting with a beautiful woodcut.Hymns for Purim with a woodcut of costumed children blowing trumpets.Songs for bride and groom with a woodcut of a chupa.Circumcision customs with a woodcut of a circumcision.Cemetery prayers with a woodcut of a funeral.Leaf 47 through 68 - Passover Haggada with small 'initial' woodcuts at the beginning of the prayers.Many tens of additional prayers.71 leaves. 20 cm. Fine condition, light brown paper, aging stains. Marginal reinforcements. A few usage marks. Entirely complete. Not list by Yaari. Otzar Haggadot 144.

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Haggada. Maala Beit Chorin. Vienna, [1801]. Copperplate Engravings. Instructions in Yiddish and Ladino.

Lot 69: Haggada. Maala Beit Chorin. Vienna, [1801]. Copperplate Engravings. Instructions in Yiddish and Ladino.

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Description: Haggada shel Pesach, 'Maala Beit Chorin' with the commentary of the Alshich, Mahral, and Olilot Efraim. Nice Haggada with large, impressive copperplate engravings. Quality paper. Printed in Vienna by Anton Schmid, in 1801. Designated for the Ashkenazic community in Vienna, and for the large Ladino speaking, Sephardic community there. Instructions for the seder leader in both Yiddish-German and Ladino.52 leaves. Nice condition. Wine stains, particularly ot the leaves of 'eating matzah and drinking wine'. Nice margins. 25 cm. Nice, black binding from the end of the 19th century. Yaari 308, Otzar Haggadot 453.

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Haggada Shel Pesach.Siddur L'Kiddush Atvil. Djerba Rite [1935].

Lot 70: Haggada Shel Pesach.Siddur L'Kiddush Atvil. Djerba Rite [1935].

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Description: Seder L'Kiddush Atvil'. Lengthy Kiddush for the seder night. Djerba rite. [1935]. Some Sephardic groups have unique Kiddush texts for the seder night with a lengthy, poetical description of the selection of the Jewish Nation beginning with the words '..Teruma Hevdilanu Mikol Goy'. This text mentions the importance of the night.The second section of the booklet features a Judeo-Arabic passage which is recited after the Hebrew Haggada verse 'at first our forefathers were idol-worshipers' it describes Abraham's initial recognition of the Creator and his miraculous salvation from Nimrod's furnace, with poetic emphasis on the worthlessness of idol worship. [8] leaves. 15 cm. Not bound. Rare.

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Glückel of Hameln. Letter from her father-in-law Yosef Goldschmidt. Hameln, 1646. Autograph.

Lot 71: Glückel of Hameln. Letter from her father-in-law Yosef Goldschmidt. Hameln, 1646. Autograph.

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Description: Significant collection of letters to and from the Rothschild family of bankers in Frankfurt A.M., Berlin, Vienna, Paris, San Francisco [!]. In addition to a significant number of other Jewish bankers and businessmen from the 18th and 19th century from all over Europe and Russia. One-of-a-kind archive, collected over almost fifty years. Testimony to the diverse economic life of European Jews since the 17th century and their business relationships with the general business world. The following is biographical information of Glückel of Hameln that will help understand the historical familial relationships in the letters in this collection: Glückel of Hameln (1646-1724) was born in Hameln. She started a diary after the death of her husband Chaim ben YosefGoldschmidt, in 1691. As she writes in her book, 'lest the day will come today or tomorrow, your children or grandchildren, and will not know the nature of their family, therefore, I am writing this'. Refer to her book 'ZichronotGluckel'. It was first published from her diary in Yiddish-German in Pressburg, 1896 and in a Hebrew translation in 1929. Her memoirs give a clear, detailed sketch of her family life and life in Jewish communities in Ashkenaz. obst Goldschmidt (1597-1677). Yosef Hamel ben Baruch Daniel ShmuelHalevi Goldschmidt, Gluckel's father-in-law. He was a Jewish businessman who served as court Jew in Hanover and the financier of Leffmann Behrens. - Moshe Goldschmidt, Yosef's oldest son. He was critically injured by robbers as he moved his dowry to his bride's home. Nothing else is mentioned. ZichronotGluckel, 1929, p. 25. - Chaim Goldschmidt (1642-1689). Yosef's youngest son. He passed away on the 24th of Tevet, [1689]. ZichronotGluckel, 1929. p.86. - Gluckel married Chaim Goldschmidt in 1660. p. 2, 28-31. - Nosson Moshe Spanier (1575-1646), son-in-law of Yosef, who was the grandfather of Gluckel's first husband Chaim. He was a Jewish businessman from Statdhagen, one of the first Jews to settle in Altona where he served as community leader. Gluckel writes that 'he was the first one to arrange resident permits for Jews in Altona' (The translator disagrees with this statement). ZichronotGluckel, 1929, p. 10, 23-24. - Yenta, daughter of Yosef Goldschmidt, a sister of Chaim, sister-in-law to Gluckel. She was married to the son of SussmanGans, Shlomo. Her second marriage was to Leffmann Behrens. - ShlomoGans, son of SussmanGans, died young. ShlomoGans and his stepfather R' Feivish argued about an inheritance. Yosef, his father-in-law, was also involved in the disagreement. ZichronotGluckel, 1929, p. 26-27. - SussmanGans (1642-1724) was a Jewish businessman, son of Shlomo and Yenta Goldschmidt. He was a grandson of Yosef Goldschmidt. He was a step-brother-in-law to the famed Rabbi Dovid Oppenheim. - Leffmann Behrens - Eliezer Lippmann Cohen.He was a community leader and parness in Hanover. He was Yenta's second husband (1623-1695), sister of Yosef Goldschmidt. He conducted the business of Herzog of Braunschweig-Luneburg. His son-in-law was Rabbi Dovid Oppenheim of Prague, owner of the famed library. ZichronotGluckel, 1929, p. 26-27. . The following is biographical information related to the Rothschild family of bankers, and their activities in Europe and America. This information will help place the letters in this collection. The Rothschild family was a Jewish family of bankers from Frankfurt A.M. The Rothschild bank was founded in 1810 in Frankfurt A.M. by the patriarch of the dynasty, Meyer Amschel (1744-1812). His sons were: Amshel Meyer (1773-1885), Shlomo Meyer (1774-1855), Nathan Meyer (1777-1836), Karl Meyer (1788-1855), James Yaakov (1792-1868). Amschel Meyer took over the German branch after his father. Shlomo Meyer founded the Austrian branch. Nathan Meyer founded the English branch. Karl Meyer founded the Italian branch. James Yaakov founded the French branch [as the agent of his brother, Nathan Meyer). Until the mid-19th century, the company's headquarters was in Frankfurt. Later, the London and Paris branches were more prominent. Nathan Meyer and James Yaakov were the Rothschild frères (brothers) in Paris. Baroness Anselm de Rotshchild (1849-1753), was the wife of Meyer Amschel, the founder. Netanel Meyer Rothschild (1836-1915) was the great-grandson of Meyer Amschel Rothschild, the founder. He was the son of Lionel-Nathan, son of Nathan Meyer Rothschild of London-Paris, and of Charlotte, daughter of Carl Mayer von Rothschild of Frankfurt? Netanel Mayer was a leader of British Jewry the president of the United Synagogue and the first Jew in the House of Lords Binyamin Davidson was an agent of Nathan Meyer Rothschild in Petersburg, Russia and Mexico. He was a cousin of the Rothschilds, and founded the Rothschild Bank in San-Francisco in 1849. The following is biographical information related to other Jewish banking families in Germany, primarily branches of the Mendelsohn, Rothschild, and Friedland families. This information will help place the letters in this archive. Benedict Hayum Salomon Goldschmit - Jewish, German banker who founded the BH Goldschmidt bank in Berlin. He was a He was the personal banker and consul to the Grand Duke of Tuscany in the 19th century. In 1878, his son, Maximilian Benedict, married Minna Caroline Freiin von Rothschild, the daughter of the last Rothschild in Frankfurt. Joseph Mendelsohn (1770-1848) was a Jewish-German banker. He was the son of Jewish philosopher, Moses Mendelsohn and uncle of musician Bartholdy Felix Mendelsohn. In 1795, MosssFriedland established the Mendelsohn-Friedlander bank. In 1804, Abraham Friedland joined the bank and its name was changed to Mendelsohn and partners. This was the most prominent private bank in Berlin. His son, Alexander Mendelsohn was the only one of Moses Mendelsohn's grandchildren to remain Jewish, and he ran the bank after his father's death. >> When the Nazis rose to power the bank was confiscated and taken over by the Deutsche Bank, but the Mendelsohn bank continued operating outside of Germany. Robert Warschauer (1816-1884) founded a Berlin bank with his name. He married Marie Mendelsohn, daughter of banker Alexander Mendelsohn. He was a member of the Jewish 'friends society', a society associated with the haskala movement. Moses Friedlander (1774-1854) was a banker, the founder of the Mendelsohn-Friedlander bank in Berlin. His brother, Benoni Friedlander was a scholar and noted autograph and coin collector. lot #71 Letter from Jobst Goldschmidt (1597-1677), father-in-law of Gluckel of Hameln [father of Chaim - Gluckel's husband.]Written in Hameln, 10.4.1646. Complete page, autograph. Writing on the verso. Addressed to Jobst Ludolf von Landsberg, who had business relations with Yosef Goldschmidt of Hameln. Letter discusses wheat.Handwritten, ancient German. 19.5x25.5 cm. [1] leaf. Excellent condition. Quality, white paper. Original folds. Original, uncropped margins. Jobst Goldschmidt of Hameln, son of Baruch Daniel Shmuel Halevi was a Jewish businessman. He was famed as his role as 'Court Jew' for the Prince of Hanover and the financial advisor of Jewish banker Leffmann Behrens, Eliezer Liepmann Cohen, trustee of the Hanover community. Refer to Zichronot Gluckel, 1929, p. 76-77.

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Glückel of Hameln. Confirmation by Moshe Spanier, Grandfather of Gluckel's Husband Chaim. Stadthagen, 1623. Autograph.

Lot 72: Glückel of Hameln. Confirmation by Moshe Spanier, Grandfather of Gluckel's Husband Chaim. Stadthagen, 1623. Autograph.

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Description: Nosson Spanier confirms receipt of 270 Thaler from Otrab von Landsberg. 12.10.1623. Half page, written and signed by Spanier. Writing on reverse. Ancient German. 20.5x32.5 cm. [1] leaf. Excellent condition. Quality, white paper. Original folds. Small tears with loss in the blank margins.Nosson Meir Spanier (1575-1646), the grandfather of Chaim Goldschmidt, Gluckel's husband, was a Jewish businessman from Stadthagen. He was one of the first Jews to settle in Altona and served as a community leader. Gluckel notes that 'he was the first person to attain license for Jewish residence in Altona'. Refer to: Zichronot Gluckel, 1929, p. 10, 23-24.

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Glückel of Hameln. Joint Account of Nosson  Spanier [Grandfather of Chaim, Husband of Gluckel] and Gluckel's Father-in-Law. Stadthagen, c. 1626-1627.

Lot 73: Glückel of Hameln. Joint Account of Nosson Spanier [Grandfather of Chaim, Husband of Gluckel] and Gluckel's Father-in-Law. Stadthagen, c. 1626-1627.

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Description: Joint account of Nosson Spanier and Jobst Goldschmit - Yosef's father. Writing on reverse. The account was associated with wheat. Ancient German. 20x33 cm. [1] leaf. Excellent condition. Thick, quality paper. Original folds. Small tear without loss in blank margins. Tear with loss, light blemish to text.Refer to: Zichronot Gluckel, 1929, pages 10, 23-24, 76-77.

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Gluckel of Hameln. Letter from Zussman Ganz. Hanover, 1712.

Lot 74: Gluckel of Hameln. Letter from Zussman Ganz. Hanover, 1712.

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Description: The executors of the Wettberg Properties give the right of first refusal to Sussman Gans on every sale, since he had provable claims against the deceased, Jobst asche von Wettberg. Corrections and changes to the text - apparently a draft. Yiddish writing on reverse. Hanover, 12.7.1712. Ancient German. 20.5x33 cm. [3] written pages, on two attached leaves. The text on both sides of the leaf. Excellent condition. Quality, white paper. Aging stains in the blank margins. Original folds. Small tears with loss to the blank margins, not affecting text. Sussman Gans, the son of Shlomo Gans and Yenta Goldschmidt (1642-1724), stepson of Leffmann Behrens, Yenta's second husband. Yenta was Gluckel's sister-in-law, so Gluckel was Sussman Gans' aunt.

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Glückel of Hameln. Letter Regarding Production of Ammunition? From Moshe Goldschmidt, Gluckel's brother-in-law. Stadthagen, 1666. Autograph.

Lot 75: Glückel of Hameln. Letter Regarding Production of Ammunition? From Moshe Goldschmidt, Gluckel's brother-in-law. Stadthagen, 1666. Autograph.

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Description: Letter from Moshe Goldschmidt, (eldest son of Jobst Goldschmidt), Gluckel's brother-in-law, regarding 'silver cord'. Addressed to Jobst ludolf von Landsberg. Regarding production of ammunition? Complete page. Autograph. Signed by Moshe. Writing on the reverse. Stadthagen, 8.1.1666. Jobst ludolf von Landsberg had business relations with Jobst Goldschmidt of Hameln, Gluckel's father-in-law. Refer to an additional item in this catalogue. Ancient German. 18.5x19.5 cm. [1] leaf. Excellent condition. Quality, white paper. Original folds. Tiny tear without loss in blank margins. A few aging stains. Remains of a red wax seal. Moshe Goldschmidt, the letter writer, was the oldest son of Yosef of Hameln. He was critically injured when attacked by bandits as he brought his possessions to his bride's home on the eve of his wedding. Per our calculation, Moshe was about 30 years old when he died. Refer to: Zichronot Gluckel, 1929, p. 25.

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Rothschild. Communications from the Mendelssohn Bank in Berlin to the Rothschild Bank in Paris. Berlin Gottingen. 1841-1863. Five Letters. Autographs.

Lot 76: Rothschild. Communications from the Mendelssohn Bank in Berlin to the Rothschild Bank in Paris. Berlin Gottingen. 1841-1863. Five Letters. Autographs.

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Description: Five letters sent from the Mendelssohn Bank in Berlin to the Rothschild Bank in Paris. From 5.10.1861-21.8.1863. Handwritten and signed. Primarily regarding financial transactions with various cities worldwide: Petersburg, Paris, Amsterdam, London.All in German. 28.5x22.5 cm. Each letter on two attached leaves. Text on the entire page, on one-side only of the leaf. Original folds. Address on the second leaf, after the letter was folded. Seal of the Mendelssohn Bank in Berlin, and Berlin and Paris postmarks. Excellent condition. Original colored markings.Joseph Mendelssohn (1770-1848) was a Jewish-German banker, the son of philosopher Moses Mendelssohn and uncle of musician Bartholdy Felix Mendelssohn. In 1795 he established the Mendelssohn Bank together with his brother Abraham. This was the most influential private bank in berlin. His son Alexander was the only one of Moses' grandchildren to retaind his Jewish identity, and he administrated the bank after his father's death.Upon the Nazi rise to power, the bank was overtaken by the Deutsche Bank; however it did manage to retain its business dealings outside of Germany.[Along with 2 fragments of letters from Berlin, 1841 and Hanover, 1844. 1. Bottom portion of letter from a bank member addressed to Joseph Mendelssohn in Koblenz, where he had a vineyard. 2. The first page of a letter in an anonymous hand: with the address of the Mendelssohn Bank in Berlin and the address of the sender (?).]

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Rothschild. Letter from the L. Behrens Bank in Hamburg to the Rothschild Bank in Paris. Hamburg, 1885. Autograph.

Lot 77: Rothschild. Letter from the L. Behrens Bank in Hamburg to the Rothschild Bank in Paris. Hamburg, 1885. Autograph.

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Description: Letter from Jewish Banker, L. Behrens to Meir Nosson and James Yaakov Rothschild in Paris regarding the transfer of credit for Bank Rougemont de Lowenberg, and others transfers. Autograph. Hamburg, 3.11.1855.Old German. 22x27 cm. [2] attached leaves. Text on both sides of the first leaf. Address on the second leaf, after folded. Blue, quality paper. Original folds. Tear with loss in blank margins, created when envelope was opened. Original postmark from 1855!The L. Behrens & Sons Bank was a privately owned Jewish bank. It was founded in Pyrmont in 1780 by Levy Behrens and brothers. (Their original family name was Parnes - meaning community leader). At first he worked in the textile trade with England, later moving to other goods and merchandise - primarily transportation and insurance. In 1806 he founded the bank in Hamburg, the most influential one in the city.Yenta Goldschmidt, sister-in-law of Gluckel of Hamlen, married Liepman Behrns after the death of her first husband. Yenta and Liepmann were the patriarchs of the Hamburg Behrns family of bankers. (Refer to the introduction regarding Gluckel's family).

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Rothschild. Letter from the Rothschild Bank in Frankfurt sent to the  Austria-Vienna Branch. 1822.

Lot 78: Rothschild. Letter from the Rothschild Bank in Frankfurt sent to the Austria-Vienna Branch. 1822.

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Description: Letter sent to Leopold Edler von Wertheimstein, (1801-1883) manager of the Viennese branch of the Rothschild Bank which was established by Shlomo Meir Rothschild in 1821. The sender was apparently his older brother, Anshel Meir of Frankfurt.Sent from Frankfurt A.M., 20.10.1822. On the reverse of the address are marks from the letter itself. German. 25x20 cm. [1] leaf. Excellent condition. Tears with loss in the blank margins, created when the letter was opened.

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Rothschild. Thank You Letters to Grandfather Rothschild for Toys Sent to Nathan Mayer Rothschild. Ostende, 1842.

Lot 79: Rothschild. Thank You Letters to Grandfather Rothschild for Toys Sent to Nathan Mayer Rothschild. Ostende, 1842.

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Description: 1. Letter from young Nathan Mayer Rothschild thanking his grandfather for the toys he bought him. The letter describes the gifts: theater, box of paints, wagon - all presents for his 8th birthday. Ostende, 26.10.1842. German. 22x17 cm. [1], folded leaf. Beautiful, print handwriting of an 8 year old child. Half leaf, on both sides. Family coat of arms at the top. Excellent condition. Original folds.2. Letter from Netanel Rothschild to his grandfather in Paris asking him to visit him in Frankfurt. He relates about an enjoyable trip he had.Ostende, 18.10.1842 [?]. French. 25x19.5 cm. [1], folded leaf. Letter on one half of the leaf, and the address on the other. One side only. Excellent condition. Postmarks. Original folds.Nathan Mayer Rothschild [Natty] (1836-1915) was a great-grandson of Mayer Anschel Rothschild, patriarch of the dynasty. He was the son of Lionel Nathan son of Nathan Mayer Rothschild of Paris and Charlotte, daughter of Carl Mayer von Rothschild of Frankfurt? This boy became a leader of British Jewry, the president of the United Synagogue and the first Jew in the House of Lords.This letter was sent from Ostende, Belgium, a popular vacation resort amongst 19th century European nobiligy.

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Rothschild. Jewelry for Baroness Anselm de Rothschild, wife of the dynasty's founder - Mayer Amschel Rothschild.

Lot 80: Rothschild. Jewelry for Baroness Anselm de Rothschild, wife of the dynasty's founder - Mayer Amschel Rothschild.

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Description: Letter regarding a necklace, a unique piece of jewelry, ordered by Baronesse Anslem de Rothschild (1753-1849) of Frankfurt, wife of Mayer Amschel, dynasty founder. The Baroness passed away at age 96. This piece was special ordered for her, apparently for her 80th birthday. Letter from noted jeweler Mouline Bautte & Moynier of Paris to Jean Francois Bautte. The letter discusses jewelry ordered by the wealthiest people of the world, it mentions the King of France, probably Louis Philippe I, the mayor of Geneva and others. The letter mentions the necklace ordered by Baroness Anslem de Rothschild.The letter notes that the Baroness had paid for necklace and then regretted the order with resulted in some unpleasantness. It is not clear whether or not she took the necklace. Some believe that this was the necklace that the Baroness wears in the famed portrait by Jewish artist Moritz Openheim. Autograph. October, 1833.French. 25.5x20.5 cm. [2] attached leaves, writing on both sides. Excellent condition. Embedded emblem at top. Address on last page. Excellent condition. Postmark. Original tear, made when letter was opened, not affecting text.Bautte & Moynier was established in Geneva by Jean-Francois Bautte, Jacque Dauphin Moulinier and Jean Gabriel Moynier at the beginning of the 19th century. It was the leading company in Geneva for watches and jewelry amongst European nobility and bourgeois of the time. Jean- Francois Bautte (1772-1837) was an expert watchmaker who invented an especially thin watch.Baroness Anslem de Rothschild and her husband the Baron were noted for their stringent Torah observance.

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Rothschild. Letters to the Parisian Rothschild Brothers from Franz Simon Meyer. Rastatt, 1842. Autograph. [3].

Lot 81: Rothschild. Letters to the Parisian Rothschild Brothers from Franz Simon Meyer. Rastatt, 1842. Autograph. [3].

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Description: 2 business letters and envelope by Meyer Franz Simon to brothers Nathan Mayer and James Yaakov Rothschild in Paris. Autograph. Postmark. Financial transactions and currency exchange.First letter dated 19.2.1842. French. Rastatt, Germany, 21x26 cm. Text on a complete page - one side of a leaf. Address on reverse. Quality brown paper. Excellent condition. Aging stains. Original folds.Second letter dated 3.9.1842. French. Rastatt, Germany. 26.5x21 cm. Text on one page. Address on the reverse. Quality, blue paper. Excellent condition. Original folds. Red wax seal on reverse.Along with envelope from Meyer with the company seal. Baden, 6.9.1865. 22.5x28.5 cm. Blue paper. White wax seal with initials F.S.M.; the writer's seal; postmark. Original tear in the blank margin of each letter, not affecting text, made when then letter was opened.Franz Simon Meyer (1799-1871) was a noted Jewish banker, an aristocrat from Rastatt, in the Baden region of Germany.

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Rothschild. Letter to the Parisian Rothschild Brothers. From the Veit Family of Bankers. Berlin, 1842. Autograph.

Lot 82: Rothschild. Letter to the Parisian Rothschild Brothers. From the Veit Family of Bankers. Berlin, 1842. Autograph.

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Description: Letter regarding banking sent to Nathan Mayer and James Yaakov Rothschild in Paris. International financial transactions with the Count of Arnim (?), Smith Payne, and companies in Petersburg. From the Veit Gebruder Veit. Berlin, 10.3.1842. Autograph.Old German. 21.5x27.5 cm. [2] attached leaves. The first leaf features text on a complete page, one side only. The second leaf bears text on the interior page and the address on the exterior - after the letter is folded. Excellent condition. Blue paper. Original folds. Tear with loss - from opening the letter. White wax seal embedded with the family's crest. Postmark. The Veit family was one of the most famed families in Berlin. They were a family of Jewish bankers connected through business and marriage with the Mendelssohn family. They were very involved in 19th century German politics.

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Rothschild. Letter from Berlin to the Parisian Branch of the Rothschild Bank from Jewish Banker Hirschfeld & Wolf. Berlin, 1854. Autograph.

Lot 83: Rothschild. Letter from Berlin to the Parisian Branch of the Rothschild Bank from Jewish Banker Hirschfeld & Wolf. Berlin, 1854. Autograph.

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Description: Letter regarding banking to brothers Nathan Mayer and James Yaakov Rothschild in Paris. Loan of 8444 Francs and other transactions, with mention of Leopold Konjgswater, Jewish-German banker. Autograph.Old German. 28.5x22.5 cm. [2] attached leaves. Text on a complete page - one side only of the leaf. Address on the second page. Very fine condition. Original folds. Original tear in the blank margins - from when the letter was opened. Not affecting text. Postmark.Hirschfeld & Wolf was a Jewish private bank, one of the most prominent 19th century banks in Berlin.

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Rothschild. Letter from Frankfurt Headquarters to the Parisian Branch. Frankfurt A.M. 1857.

Lot 84: Rothschild. Letter from Frankfurt Headquarters to the Parisian Branch. Frankfurt A.M. 1857.

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Description: Letter regarding banking, from the headquarters of the Rothschild Bank in Frankfurt A.M, managed by Amschel-Mayer's oldest brother, to the Parisian branch managed by brothers James Yaakov and Nathan Mayer Rothschild.The letters discusses banking transactions in both branches. Written in Frankfurt A.M. on 22.6.1857. The last page bears the address of the Parisian branch. Postmark.Old German. 22x28 cm. [2] attached leaves, text on one side of a leaf. Very fine condition. Blue paper. Tears in the blank paper on the last leaf, not affecting text.

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Rothschild. San Francisco. Promissory Note from the Rothschild Bank in San Francisco. 1858.

Lot 85: Rothschild. San Francisco. Promissory Note from the Rothschild Bank in San Francisco. 1858.

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Description: Promissory note from the Rothschild Bank in San Francisco for 2500 Florins payable by the central branch in Frankfurt A.M to Franz Jorger within sixty days. San Francisco, 19.1.1858. Lithographic print with nice, delicate designs. Printed along the left hand side 'N.M. de R' [Nathan Mayer de Rothschild].The note is signed by B. Davidson.Benjamin Davidson was a Rothschild cousin. He founded the Rothschild Bank in San Francisco in 1849. For a while he was Nathan Mayer's agent in Petersburg and Mexico. English. [1] page. 11.5x20.5 cm. Excellent condition. Grey paper. Stamps. Tiny tear with loss in the bottom left corner, not affecting text. Original folds. The California Gold Rush began c. 1854. Franz Jorger, the beneficiary, was apparently a successful German gold-digger, on his way back home. Rare promissory note. [Lob Strauss was also a gold digger in San Francico, he established Levi Strauss & Co in 1853, now a financial empire.]

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Rothschild. Letter from a Commercial Bank in St. Petersburg to the Parisian Rothschild Brothers. St. Petersburg, 1866.

Lot 86: Rothschild. Letter from a Commercial Bank in St. Petersburg to the Parisian Rothschild Brothers. St. Petersburg, 1866.

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Description: Letter from Banque Privee de Commerce, sent to the Rothschild Brothers - Nathan Mayer and James Yaakov in Paris. St. Petersburg, 1.10.1866. Request to debit their account for a number of assets. With financial report noting extremely high sums.French. [3] leaves 2 - attached and one solitary. Text on a complete page - one side only of a leaf. Address on last leaf. 28.5x22.5 cm. On bank stationery. Quality paper. Excellent condition. Original folds. Original tear, made when opening the letter. Postmark. Banque Privee de Commerce in St. Petersburg was established two years earlier, in 1864, and operated until the First World War (1914).

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Rothschild. Letter from Bank Robert Warschauer & Co to the Parisian Rothschild Brothers. Berlin, 1862.

Lot 87: Rothschild. Letter from Bank Robert Warschauer & Co to the Parisian Rothschild Brothers. Berlin, 1862.

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Description: Banking. Addressed to Nathan Mayer and James Yaakov, the Rothschild Bank in Paris. Sent from Berlin, 19.3.1862. Autograph.Old German. 28.5x23 cm. [2] attached leaves. Text on a complete page, on one side only of the leaf. Address on second leaf. Excellent condition. Blue, quality, company letterhead. Original folds. Original tear, made when the letter was opened. Postmark. Red wax seal - complete.Robert Warschauer & Co was a prominent long-established private bank in Berlin. It was founded by Robert Warschauer in 1839 and operated until 1941 when it was closed by the Nazis. Its founder was related by marriage to the family of Moses Mendelssohn. His tombstone was designed by the royal court architect Ernst von lhne and is still preserved in the Luisen cemetery in Berlin.

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Rothschild. Letter from the Belgian Treasury to the Rothschild Brothers in Paris. Brussels, 1861. Autograph.

Lot 88: Rothschild. Letter from the Belgian Treasury to the Rothschild Brothers in Paris. Brussels, 1861. Autograph.

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Description: Governmental letter from the Belgian treasury to brothers Nathan Mayer and James Yaakov, managers of the Rothschild Bank in Paris. Historic letter with an expense report of the Belgian embassy in France, and a request to transfer payment to the embassy through the Rothschild Bank in France.Impressive documentation testifying to the international prominence of the Rothschild Bank. Signature by the General Belgian secretary Guery. Brussels, 14.10.1861.French. 34x21 cm. [2] attached leaves. Excellent condition. Letterhead of the Belgian treasury. Text on a complete page, on one side of the leaf. Address on the second page. Original folds. Postmark.

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Rothschild. Letter from the F. Mart. Magnus Jewish Bank in Berlin to the Rothschild Brothers in Paris. Berlin, 1857

Lot 89: Rothschild. Letter from the F. Mart. Magnus Jewish Bank in Berlin to the Rothschild Brothers in Paris. Berlin, 1857

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Description: Business letter from the F.Mart. Magnus bank in Berlin to brothers Nathan Mayer and James Yaakov of the Rothschild Bank in Paris. International transactions with Italian partners in Venice, Milan and Geneva. Sent from Berlin, 19.6.1857. Friedrich Mart. Magnus, son of the founder, managed the bank at the time. Old German. [2] attached leaves. 22x28 cm. Excellent condition. Bank's blue stationery. Text on a complete page, on both sides of the leaf. The second page features the address after the letter was folded. Original folds. Original tear made when the letter was opened. Postmark. The Magnus Bank was the most prominent bank in 19th century Prussia - other than the Mendelssohn bank (refer to lot in this catalogue). It was established in 1808 by Immanuel Meyer Markus and operated until 1872. In 1853 the bank was managed by Friedrich Martin Magnus, grandson of Immanuel and Victor von Markus, its previous owners. This Jewish family established the Deutsche Bank, one of the central German banks still today. Gustav Magnus, a scion of this family of Jewish bankers, was a noted physicist and chemist.

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Rothschild. Letter from Benedict Goldschmidt to the Parisian Rothschild Brothers. Berlin, 1863. Autograph.

Lot 90: Rothschild. Letter from Benedict Goldschmidt to the Parisian Rothschild Brothers. Berlin, 1863. Autograph.

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Description: Business letter from Benedict Goldschmidt, noted Berlin Jewish banker, to brothers Nathan Mayer and James Yaakov of the Rothschild Bank in Paris. Goldschmidt asks them to revise their last bill. The letter also discusses international markets: in Frankfurt, Hamburg, Amsterdam, London and Petersburg. Autograph. Berlin, 26.5.1863. Old German. [2] attached leaves. 28x22 cm. Excellent condition. Blue stationery of the Goldschmidt bank. Text on a complete page, on one-side-only of the leaf. The second page bears the address - after it was folded. Original folds. Original ink stain. Tear with loss, made when the letter was opened. Postmark. Benedict Hayum Salomon Goldschmit was a Jewish-German banker who established the BH Goldschmidt Bank in Berlin. He was the personal banker and counsel to the Grand Duke of Tuscany in the 19th century. In 1878, his son Maximilian Benedict married Minna Caroline Freiin von Rothschild, daughter of the last Rothschild in Frankfurt A.M.

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Letter from a Silver and Gold Braid Artisan. Theilenhofen, Germany. 1810.

Lot 91: Letter from a Silver and Gold Braid Artisan. Theilenhofen, Germany. 1810.

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Description: Business letter from Johann Georg Roth, artisan of silver and gold braid. Confirms receipt of the annual interest payment of 50 Guilders on a loan of 1000 Guilders, from Israel Barnoss, the letter recipient. He offers Barnoss an additional 600 Guilders.Theilenhofen, Germany, 15.10.1810, Yiddish writing on the verso -a note by Israel Barnoss regarding the letter's content. Old German. 18.5x27 cm. [1] leaf. Half-page of text. Quality paper. Very fine condition. Original tear in the bottom left margins, made when the letter was opened. Address on the back. Remains of a red wax seal. Original folds. Official stamp.

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Letter - Invoice from a Jewish Importer to a Private Jewish Bank. Karlsruhe, Germany, 1831. Autograph.

Lot 92: Letter - Invoice from a Jewish Importer to a Private Jewish Bank. Karlsruhe, Germany, 1831. Autograph.

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Description: Invoice with expenses by William Vogel sent to the L. Dreyfuss & D. Kaufmann bank. The invoice details a shipment of colonial goods: rice, sugars and chocolate. Attached to the invoice is a cover page with details relevant to this account. Karlsruhe, 29.12.1831. Signed by William Vogel.Old German. [2] attached leaves. 21x26 cm. One-side-only of the leaf. Excellent condition. On the letterhead of Vogel. Original folds. Addressed. Tear with loss in the blank margin, original, made when the letter was opened. The letter documents Jewish business dealings with the distant colonies. America? India?Jewish Bank L. Dreyfuss & D. Kaufman was established in Gernsbach, Germany in 1806 by partners Leopold Dreyfuss and David Kaufman. It remained in their hands until 1833. In 1844, Kaufman left the partnership and the Bank's name was changed to L. Dreyfuss. This invoice was sent to the bank while it was still owned by both partners.Refer to another item in this catalogue.

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Unique Business Letter. Offer for Sale of Rhine Railroad Company Bonds.

Lot 93: Unique Business Letter. Offer for Sale of Rhine Railroad Company Bonds.

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Description: Offer for sale of a package of bonds from the Rhine Railroad Company by Jewish merchant house Loser Levin. Offer sent by David Nathan and B. Levin to a family member in Berlin, whalebone merchant Isaac Mann. Schonfliess, Germany, 4. 9.1843. Old German. 22.5x27 cm. [1] leaf. Text on a whole page. Addressed on the back. Complete. Tears made when the letter was opened, lightly affecting text. Aging stains. Original folds.[With a brown envelope addressed to Isaac/mann of Berlin sent from Paderborn on 28.6.1856. The envelope was used to send 17 Thaler and bears 5 original red wax seals, complete, with the logo of the sender. The envelope was opened on the upper edge, without any blemish. 15x8.5 cm. Excellent condition. Postmark.]

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Business Correspondence. Fur Order. Jewish Factory, M. Rosenstock. Berlin - Hanover, 1855.

Lot 94: Business Correspondence. Fur Order. Jewish Factory, M. Rosenstock. Berlin - Hanover, 1855.

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Description: Fur order by the Grobe company of Hanover.Ordered from Jewish furriers Rosenstock and son of Berlin,.Hanover, 20.2.1855. Old German. 32.5x21 cm. [1] page. Very fine condition. Original tear made when the letter was opened. Remains of an original, red wax seal. Original folds. Address on back. A few aging stains. Postmark.M. Rosenstock company was founded in Leipzig in 1839 by Michael Rosnenstock. The company name was changed to Rosenstock & son when son Ferdinand (1821-1883) joined the company. The company moved to Berlin a little while later.

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Business Correspondence Regarding Silk.

Lot 95: Business Correspondence Regarding Silk.

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Description: Business correspondence regarding silk from the Ochs Brothers. Autograph. Frankfurt, 17.8.1854. Company letterhead. Logo embossed in the upper left corner. Sent to H. Abenheimer in Heidelberg.Old German. 28.5x23 c. [1] leaf. Text on a complete page. Address on back. Complete. Quality paper. Original folds. Aging stains.The Ochs Brothers were prominent Jewish merchants in Frankufurt. They settled in Frankfurt in the 16th century. In 1846, Samuel Ochs, a family member, married Esther Emily Heine, daughter of Henry Heine, uncle of Heinrich Heine.The bride, Esther Emily Heine-Ochs was a cousin to Heinrich Heine.

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Business Correspondence between Leading Jewish Bankers in Berlin.

Lot 96: Business Correspondence between Leading Jewish Bankers in Berlin.

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Description: Friedlander. Mendelssohn and Prominent Aristocrats. Berlin, 1820. Promissory Note. Promissory Note sent to Wilhelm von Burgsdorff by Moses Friedlander through Councilor Krause. Berlin, 28.9.1820. Old German. 25.5x20 cm. [2] leaves. Complete page of text on one side of the leaf. Address on reverse. Original folds. Remains of white wax seal. Postmark. Autograph of Councilor Krause. Moshe Friedlander (1774-1858) was a Jewish banker and an influential merchant in Berlin at the time. He founded the Mendelssohn bank together with Joseph Mendelssohn in 1795. His brother, Benoni Friedlander, was a noted scholar and collector of coin and autographs. Wilhelm von Burgsdorff (1772-1882) was a learned, aristocrat from the circle of Goetthe, Schillder and Wilhelm von Humboldt. Krause was a close friend of philosopher Sloger who associated with Hegel's circle. As mentioned, this historic letter relates to the players in 19th century high-society in Berlin.

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Business Correspondence between Leading Jewish Bankers in Berlin.

Lot 97: Business Correspondence between Leading Jewish Bankers in Berlin.

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Description: Friedlander. Mendelssohn and Prominent Aristocrats. Berlin, 1820. Promissory Note. Promissory Note sent to Wilhelm von Burgsdorff by Moses Friedlander through Councilor Krause. Berlin, 28.9.1820.Old German. 25.5x20 cm. [2] leaves. Complete page of text on one side of the leaf. Address on reverse. Original folds. Remains of white wax seal. Postmark. Autograph of Councilor Krause.Moshe Friedlander (1774-1858) was a Jewish banker and an influential merchant in Berlin at the time. He founded the Mendelssohn bank together with Joseph Mendelssohn in 1795. His brother, Benoni Friedlander, was a noted scholar and collector of coin and autographs.Wilhelm von Burgsdorff (1772-1882) was a learned, aristocrat from the circle of Goetthe, Schillder and Wilhelm von Humboldt.Krause was a close friend of philosopher Sloger who associated with Hegel's circle. As mentioned, this historic letter relates to the players in 19th century high-society in Berlin.

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Letter from the Founders of the Erlanger Bank. A Jewish Bank - a Prominent European Bank. Frankfurt A.M. 1860.

Lot 98: Letter from the Founders of the Erlanger Bank. A Jewish Bank - a Prominent European Bank. Frankfurt A.M. 1860.

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Description: Business correspondence addressed to Joseph Max von Taufkirchen from the Erlanger Bank. The letter discusses crediting receivables. Frankfurt A.M., 15.2.1860. Apparently signed by Ludwig Gottlieb Friedrich Count von Erlanger, son of Raphael, the bank's founder. Stamp of Raphael Erlanger.Old German. 28.5x22.5 cm. [2] leaves. Text on a complete page, on one-side-only of the leaf. Address on reverse. Excellent condition. Bank's letterhead - blue. Embossed logo in upper left corner. Original tear made when the letter was opened. Original folds. Postmark. Original stamp, yellow, postmarked, in the upper right corner of the address.The Raphael Erlanger bank was founded in Frankfurt A.M. in 1848 by the Jew, Raphael Erlanger (1806-1878), one of the prominent bankers of the time, son of Lob Moses broker of 'bills of exchange'. A short while later he founded branches in Vienna, Paris and London and became one of the most influential banks in Europe, a stiff competitor of the Rothschild Bank. In 1865 the bank changed its name to Erlanger and Sons, when his son Ludwig Gottlieb Friedrich (1836-1898) and his brother continued their father's operations. Erlanger was also involved in the establishment of the Oldenburgisch Landesbank.

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Business Correspondence from 'Court Jew' Marx Model, Minister of Finance of the Ansbach Province, and Leading Politician and Businessman in this Area of Germany.

Lot 99: Business Correspondence from 'Court Jew' Marx Model, Minister of Finance of the Ansbach Province, and Leading Politician and Businessman in this Area of Germany.

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Description: Ansbach, 1695. His Business Dealings Linked him with the Viennese Royal Court. He was a Mechuten with Rabbi Shmuel Oppenheim. Letter regarding credit repayment by Marx Model. Sent to Count Wolfgang Dietrich von Castell. Ansbach, 19.8.1695. Autograph with his original signature, Marx Model Jud. On the reverse - original, complete, red wax seal. With the Hebrew word ????. Rare phenomenon. The usage of his Hebrew name and Hebrew letters in the wax seal highlight his attachment to his Jewish background despite his elevated position. Old German. 34x22.5 cm. [2] leaves. Excellent condition. Quality paper. Text on a complete page, one-side-only of the leaf. Address on the revers. Original folds. Marx Model (d. 1709) was a financier and Court Jew of Ansbach. He was a scion of a family of Rabbis and Court Jews from Oettingen in the16th century. In 1676, Marx took over his father's position as food supplier to the army and the Margave of Ansbach. One of the first Court Jews to invest heavily himself, he purchased land, farms, a paper mill and a roof title factory. In 1680 he was the central financial player in the area. In 1691 he established a press in Ansbach [?] and received a copyright to print the Talmud. [Though his Talmud was never published, his name appears as a printer and Rabbi on approbations he gave to a number of works - Ohr Chadash - Amsterdam 1671; Ein Yaakov Amsterdam 1684. C. 1708 he earned a contract with the Viennese court to market salt from Donauworth to Wuerttemberg. He was the leading money lender in the area. He was a mechuten of Rabbi Samuel Oppenheimer; his oldest daughter married Wolf Oppenheimer, son of Rabbi Samuel Oppenheimer's son, the Viennese financier. Model was Oppenheimer's agent, providing metal for the mint and helped Rabbi Oppenheimer annuferfb expulsion of the Jews from Rothenburg. He had tremendous political and economic influence at the end of the 17th century. He had a synagogue in Ansbach and served as Cantor. After his death, his children succeeded him as Court Jew and continued his businesses. Original, historic letter. Significant.

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Business Correspondence from 'Court Jew' Marx Model, Minister of Finance of the Ansbach Province, and Leading Politician and Businessman in this Area of Germany.

Lot 100: Business Correspondence from 'Court Jew' Marx Model, Minister of Finance of the Ansbach Province, and Leading Politician and Businessman in this Area of Germany.

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Description: Letter from Karl Hess, president of the workers committee of the Karzena-Lindemann company, and its secretary Kathe Werner, canceling the contract of a young Jewish apprentice in their department store because he is Jewish. The letter notes that the company's staff refuse to teach a Jewish apprentice. The letter was sent to the boy's father, Max Kahn, company owner in Weisbaden. The letter also notes customer complaint about Jewish staff members. The letter was sent on 6.6.1933, half a year after the Nazi rise to power. German. Typewritten. Original signatures of the aforementioned.29.5x21 cm. Company letterhead. Excellent condition. [1] page. Original folds. Slight blemish to text. The Karzena department store was founded in 1887 by Lindemann & Co. In 1930, it merged with Rudolph Karstadt AG. In 1932 it changed its name to Karzena. In 1964 its name was changed back to Karstadt. This department store still operates today in Wiesbaden.

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