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Auction Description for Bloomsbury: Astronomy and Space Exploration: 15th to 20th Century
Viewing Notes:
9th December 11am - 4pm, 10th December 9.30am - 5.30pm, 11th December 9.30am - 8pm. 12th December from 9am.
Sale Notes:
Please note buyers premium applies to first £300,000 and is 12% thereafter. www.bloomsburyauctions.com

Astronomy and Space Exploration: 15th to 20th Century

(406 Lots)

by Bloomsbury Auctions


406 lots | 401 with images

December 12, 2012

Live Auction

24 Maddox Street

London, W1S 1PP United Kingdom

Phone: +44 (0)207 495 9494

Fax: +44 (0)207 495 9499

Email: info@bloomsburyauctions.com

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Kalendarium cum Tabulis Astronomicis; Tabula

Lot 1: Kalendarium cum Tabulis Astronomicis; Tabula

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Description: Kalendarium cum Tabulis Astronomicis; Tabula Regionum; Tabula Eclipsium Solis et Lunae; and other astronomical texts, manuscript on paper and vellum, 61ff., initials in red and blue, 2 full-page vellum diagrams (one retaining its moveable volvelle, the other apparently without), one quadrans drawn on vellum, 10 full-page illustrations of eclipses (for the time period 1475-1530), together with a number of tables, 36 lines written in dark brown ink, ruled in light brown, worming to blanks, bookplate to pastedown, contemporary boards, ownership inscription to cover, rebacked, a little wormed, sm 4to, [?Northern Italy (possibly Verona or Bologna), c.1470]. Provenance: Joseff Gregri Da Bologna (early inscription to back cover); Samuel Nerplanck Hoffman (armorial bookplate); Sir Thomas Phillips (inscription to front pastedown). ***A unique compendium of astronomical texts, including significant portions of Regiomontanus' Kalendarium together with other prognostic texts. The various texts have original composition dates that range from the 12th through the 15th century. The Regiomantine text contains small, but significant, differences from the printed version, suggesting that the manuscript preceeds the printed text. The contemporary inscription on the rear cover would indicate that the manuscript was perhaps used with the context of the university of Bologna..

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Mela (Pomponius) Cosmographia, sive de situ orbis,

Lot 2: Mela (Pomponius) Cosmographia, sive de situ orbis,

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Description: Mela (Pomponius) Cosmographia, sive de situ orbis, second edition, 3 blanks present as called for, contemporary ms. marginalia including orbis terrarum, last line on d7 added by stamp, first 2 ff. somewhat stained and with neat marginal repairs, minor repair at extreme upper hinge of quires e and f, very small wormhole up to c5 with occasional minor loss to character, 18th century ownership inscriptions on preliminary blank, one partly deleted, contemporary vellum, [BMC V 261; Goff M-448], small 4to, [Venice, Printer of Pomponius Mela, 1477]. This large copy preserves in its margins interesting annotations by an early owner well versed in geography. Amongst his annotations is a correction to the text and a manuscript circular world map which attemps to reconcile the T-O and zonal forms; it is drawn to accompany Mela's summary description of the earth and the three continents of Europe, Asia and Africa. The important manuscript T-O map, although derived from the woodcut printed on the Isidoro di Siviglia (1472), is curiously oriented South-North. No similar maps with this orientation are present in the bibliographies. ***Extremely rare second edition, variant without date or place of printing, and one of only four books printed at this eponymous press. Mela's cosmographical text constitutes the earliest Latin work on geography and includes the oldest geographical description of the earth..

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[Königsberg (Johannes Müller von],

Lot 3: [Königsberg (Johannes Müller von], "Johannes

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Description: [Königsberg (Johannes Müller von], "Johannes Regiomontanus" and Georg von Peuerbach. Epitoma in Almagestum Ptolemaei, edited by Caspar Grosch and Stephan Römer, xylographic title, numerous woodcut initials, 279 woodcut diagrams, full-page wood-engraving depicting Ptolemy and Regiomontanus seated beneath an Armillary sphere within woodcut border printed in black and decorated with flowers & vines, lacking the bifolium containing Baptista Abiosus' epistle, as in most copies, occasional old ms. marginalia and ownership inscription on title, browning to a1-a2, subtle restoration to title, antique-style modern limp vellum with richly tooled gilt frames and fleuron, spine gilt, remains of green silk ties, [Grolier/Horblit 89; Norman 1565; PMM 40, "Ptolemy Expounded"; Goff R-111], folio (295 x 207 mm.), Venice, Johannes Hamman for the editors, 31 August 1496. The excellent full-page wood-engraved illustration would become the model for Peuerbach's Theoricae novae planetarum by Oronce Finé and for other notable French works. ***The first printed edition of Ptolemy's encyclopedia of astronomy, the Almagest. The edition was initially conceived by Peuerbach, under the patronage of Cardinal Bessarion, working from a 12th century translation of Gerard of Cremona, but passed onto Regiomontanus upon Peuerbach's demise. Epitoma is significant both as a representation of Ptolemaic astronomy and as a major contribution to Renaissance astronomy, containing new techniques, methods, observations and critical reflections. The work was to have a direct impact on the theories of Copernicus, who verified for example its observations about certain peculiarities in Ptolemy's theory of the moon's motion..

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[Anglicus (Robertus)] Astrolabii quo primi mobilis

Lot 4: [Anglicus (Robertus)] Astrolabii quo primi mobilis

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Description: [Anglicus (Robertus)] Astrolabii quo primi mobilis motus deprehenduntur canones, gothic type, 62 woodcut illustrations, woodcut initials, very light water-staining, title ink-spotted and with old ownership inscription, bound in 14th century vellum from a legal codex, worn and stained at edges, [BMC V, 458; Goff A-1171], small 4to, [Venice, Paganinus de Paganinis, c. 1497]. The work comprises two parts; the first, commonly known as Astrolabij canones is a treatise on the planispheric astrolabe, once attributed to Robert the Englishman (fl. 1271), but now recognised as the work of Robert of Chester (fl. 1144-50), who may or may not be the same person as Robert of Ketton (fl. 1141-57); the text of this first part of the book was originally printed in Perugia in c. 1477 (Goff R-203). The second part, printed here for the first time, is a very important treatise on surveying, De mensurationibus rerum. It is profusely illustrated with sixty-two woodcut diagrams, showing techniques for the measurement of altitudes (including using an astrolabe), angles and distances. The author of the first text, Robert of Chester, wrote a number of scientific treatises and translated Arabic works such as al-Khwarizimi's Algebra, made while he was in Segovia in 1145. As well as the work on the use of the planispheric astrolabe, he also wrote an original treatise on the construction of the universal astrolabe whilst in London in 1147. For the history of the book trade this edition is of particular interest because it was one of the first to be sold off; numerous copies were still unsold in 1512, and Petrus Liechtenstein re-issued the work by completing the title with three lines and adding the new date. ***Rare first complete & illustrated edition. One of the first books illustrating scientific equipment and certainly the first showing woodcuts of geodetic instruments. "The book is of the greatest importance in the history of astronomy and navigation, for it is one of the earliest by which the Astrolabe and its use were made known to Western Europe, and because it is directly based on Arabic sources" (Reichner 9, 166)..

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Porta (Giovanni Baptista della) De distillatione

Lot 6: Porta (Giovanni Baptista della) De distillatione

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Description: Porta (Giovanni Baptista della) De distillatione lib. IX., first edition, epigrams in Hebrew, Greek, Chaldean, Arabic, Slavonic, and Armenian, each with their Latin translation, engraved portait of the author within elaborate frame by Giacomo Lauri (see Benezit, vol.III, p.55), 35 woodcut illustrations, decorations and initials, contemporary vellum, [Duveen p.481; Ferguson II 216; Riccardi I(2) 312; Norman 1725], small 4to, Rome, Camera Apostolica, 1608. ***First edition of the most important treatise by Porta, which represents the most comprehensive view of the applications of distillation in the sixteenth century. The distillation process, as applied to every conceivable substance, was the basis of alchemical research and as such was the beginning of experimental chemistry. The nine parts of this work deal with the various kinds of distillation, including methods of extraction, the preparation of scented distilled waters, oils distilled from resins, oils distilled from woods, the distillation of corrosive mineral acids, the properties of these acids, distillation of alcohol from wine, and the preparation of various ointments..

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Galilei (Galileo) Istoria e dimostrazioni intorno

Lot 7: Galilei (Galileo) Istoria e dimostrazioni intorno

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Description: Galilei (Galileo) Istoria e dimostrazioni intorno alle macchie solari e loro accidenti comprese in tre lettere scritte all'illustrissimo signor Marco Velseri Linceo, woodcut printer's device of the Lincei on title, full-page engraved portrait of Galileo, 38 full-page engravings of sunspots, 5 engraved plates of the satellites of Jupiter, one folding plate, 8 woodcut and typographic diagrams, woodcut initials, contemporary ink inscriptions on title, later calf-backed marbled boards, spine gilt, [Riccardi I 509], small 4to, Rome, Giacomo Mascardi, 1613. ***The first edition of Galileo's first published endorsement on the Copernican model. The work also includes Galileo's first written account of his observations of the phases of Venus and the mysteries of Saturn. His specific endorsement of the Copernican model foreshadowed many of his later theories and their political and religious consequences: "I tell you that this planet also, perhaps no less than horned Venus, agrees admirably with the great Copernican system on which propitious winds now universally are seen to blow" (Stillman, Drake's translation)..

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[Galilei (Galileo)] and Mario Guiducci. Discorso

Lot 8: [Galilei (Galileo)] and Mario Guiducci. Discorso

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Description: [Galilei (Galileo)] and Mario Guiducci. Discorso delle comete..., woodcut printer's device on title, 2 diagrams, woodcut head-pieces and initials, light spotting to title and dedication, small ink stamp of the Galletti Collection on title, bookplate of Baron Landau on front pastedown, 18th century mottled calf, gilt, worn at extremities with splitting to upper hinge, [Riccardi I 511], small 4to, Florence, Pietro Cecconcelli, 1619. The first edition of Galileo's preliminary exposition on comets, the work which subsequently led to the composition of his celebrated Saggiatore. The appearance of three comets in 1618 had excited great interest throughout Europe; amongst the many works written on these comets was one by the Jesuit mathematician Orazio Grassi (see lot 9). Galileo, suffering from ill-health, and perhaps cautious after his unsuccessful challenge to Papal authority in 1616, dictated his views on comets to his pupil Guiducci, and this the resulting work was published under Guiducci's name. ***A very scarce edition, with only three records found at auction since 1978 (Honeyman in 1979, Riccardi in 1986 and Frank S. Streeter in 2007)..

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[Grassi (Orazio)] Libra astronomica ac

Lot 9: [Grassi (Orazio)] Libra astronomica ac

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Description: [Grassi (Orazio)] Libra astronomica ac philosophica qua Galilaei Galilaei opiniones de cometis..., title within typographic border with engraved vignette depicting a comet, woodcut illustrations, diagrams and initials, later vellum-backed marbled boards, [Riccardi I, 638], small 4to, Perugia, Ex Typographia Marci Naccarini, 1619. ***First and extremely rare edition of Grassi's attack on Galileo's theory of comets, which had been expressed under his disciple Mario Guiducci's name in his Discorso delle comete of 1619. The work perpetuated the "controversy of the comets", leading to a flurry of printed attacks between the scientists, culminating in Galileo's Il Saggiatore..

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Persius Flaccus (Aulus) Persio tradotto in

Lot 10: Persius Flaccus (Aulus) Persio tradotto in

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Description: Persius Flaccus (Aulus) Persio tradotto in verso..., translated by Francesco Stelluti, engraved allegorical title by Matthaus Greuter, engraved portrait of the author, 5 engraved illustrations including 1 full-page study of a bee as seen under a microscope, woodcut decorations and initials, some light browning and foxing, worming to lower edge of front endpapers and slightly affecting blank lower margin of title, old ink inscription to head of front fly-leaf, contemporary vellum titled by hand on spine, [G&M 259; Wellcome I 4917; Nissen ZBI 3988; Cole 403], small 4to, Rome, Giacomo Mascardi, 1630. ***The first edition of Stelluti's translation and the first book to contain illustrations of natural objects as seen through the microscope. Stelluti was a friend of Galileo, and a founding member of the renowned Accademia dei Lincei, the first important scientific society founded in Europe..

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Cavalieri (Bonaventura) Directorium generale

Lot 11: Cavalieri (Bonaventura) Directorium generale

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Description: Cavalieri (Bonaventura) Directorium generale uranometricum in quo trigonometriae logarithmicae fundamenta, ac regulae demonstrantur, astronomicaeque supputationes, first edition of the author's first published work, woodcut printer's device on title, large letterpress table at end (Tabula trigonomica logarithmica), part folding, contemporary vellum, ms. title to spine, [Honeyman II 644; Riccardi I 322], small 4to, Bologna, N. Tebaldini, 1632. ***The first published work by Cavalieri, which introduced the use of logarithms to Italy. It also contains valuable contributions to the study of spherical triangles. Cavalieri was a student of Galileo's protégé Benedetto Castelli. He introduced Cavalieri to Galileo, and they exchanged a considerable amount of correspondence. Galileo was impressed by him, and recommended him for a lectureship at Bologna, commenting that "few, if any, since Archimedes, have delved as far and as deep into the science of geometry" (DSB III, 149)..

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Torricelli (Evangelista) Opera Geometrica [De

Lot 12: Torricelli (Evangelista) Opera Geometrica [De

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Description: Torricelli (Evangelista) Opera Geometrica [De sphæra et Solidis Sphæralibus; De Motu Gravium; De Dimensione Parabolæ], 3 parts in one, first edition, general half-title, part I title with imprint, section titles to parts II & III, dedication to Grand Duke Ferdinand II de' Medici, part III separately signed & paginated with separate dedication to Prince Leopold de' Medici, imprimatur leaf at end, numerous small woodcut diagrams, one full-page engraving, letterpress tables, occasional light spotting and browning, contemporary vellum with old ms. mathematical notations on covers, 4to, [Honeyman VII 2991; Norman II 760 (2086); PMM 145; Riccardi II 542], small 4to, Florence, Amadoro Massa and Lorenzo de Landis, 1644. ***The first edition of the only work published during Torricelli's lifetime. In the first half Torricelli elucidated and diffused the difficult geometry of Cavalieri, thereby garnering widespread recognition throughout Europe. Torricelli is perhaps most well-known for his discovery of the barometer and his work on hydrodynamics ('Torricelli's Theorem'), also examined in the present work; he succeeded Galileo as grand ducal mathematician and professor of mathematics in the Florentine Academy..

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Galilei (Galileo) Opere..., 2 vol., first edition,

Lot 13: Galilei (Galileo) Opere..., 2 vol., first edition,

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Description: Galilei (Galileo) Opere..., 2 vol., first edition, edited by Carlo Manolessi, half-titles, engraved frontispiece depicting Galileo pointing to a celestial heliocentric system, engraved portrait by F. Villamena, folding engraved plate, numerous woodcut illustrations, diagrams, decorations and initials, 1 f. water-stained at lower margin, 19th century half calf, [Houzeau & Lancaster 3386; Riccardi I 518], 4to, Bologna, Evangelista Dozza' heirs, 1655-56. ***First and rare edition of Galileo's collected works, edited by Carlo Manolessi and dedicated to Grand Duke Ferdinand II. According to Riccardi it contains a number of pieces here published for the first time. Most of these are letters to various friends and opponents, discussing questions raised by his published works. Both The Dialogo and Letter to Christiana are listed on the index 'librorum prohibitorum'..

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Cellarius (Andreas) Planisphærium Braheum, chart

Lot 14: Cellarius (Andreas) Planisphærium Braheum, chart

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Description: Cellarius (Andreas) Planisphærium Braheum, chart of the Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe's model of the solar system from Harmonia Macrocosmica, 2nd edition, depicting the astronomer in the lower right corner, title cartouches in upper corners, engraved chart with hand-colouring heightened with gold, 445 x 535mm., a central vertical fold, a short tear upper centre, Amsterdam, Jan Jansson, 1661.

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Cellarius (Andreas) Planisphærium Copernicanum,

Lot 15: Cellarius (Andreas) Planisphærium Copernicanum,

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Description: Cellarius (Andreas) Planisphærium Copernicanum, charts of Copernicus's model of the solar system from Harmonia Macrocosmica, 2nd edition, depicting the astronomer in the lower left corner, title cartouches in upper corners, engraved chart with hand-colouring heightened with gold, 445 x 535mm., a central vertical fold, Amsterdam, Jan Jansson, 1661.

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Borelli (Giovanni Alfonso) De vi percussionis

Lot 16: Borelli (Giovanni Alfonso) De vi percussionis

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Description: Borelli (Giovanni Alfonso) De vi percussionis liber, first edition, first issue, half-title, woodcut device on title, 5 engraved plates, damp-stain to first half, Earl of Macclesfield's bookplate and blind-stamps, Richard Short's manuscript inscription to the title, contemporary vellum, marked and mottled by damp, [Honeyman I 396; Riccardi I 159; Wellcome II 204], small 4to, Bologna, Giacomo Monti, 1667. ***Early work on the laws of percussion, derived from the work carried out by Galileo and intended primarily for a forthcoming study on the movement of animals. Galileo had first given consideration to this subject in the early 1590s, and had returned to it when writing the Two New Sciences..

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Meyer (Cornelius) L'Arte di restituire à Roma la

Lot 17: Meyer (Cornelius) L'Arte di restituire à Roma la

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Description: Meyer (Cornelius) L'Arte di restituire à Roma la tralasciata Navigatione del suo Tevere, 3 parts in one, additional engraved title present in 2 states, letterpress title with woodcut ornament, 68 engraved illustrations & maps including 6 double-page, woodcut decorations and initials, one bifolium browned, light damp-stain to head of titles and dedication leaf, otherwise very good, Rome, Lazzari Varese, 1685; Nuovi Ritrovamenti..., 2 parts in one, title with engraved vignette, 49 engraved illustrations including 5 double-page, engraved bookplate bearing Odescalchi family coat-of-arms by Michelassi on front pastedown, small worm-tracks affecting upper margin throughout, Rome, Gio. Giacomo Komarek Boëmo, 1696, each vol. inscribed by the author 'ex dono authoris' on front pastedown and front fly-leaf respectively, uniformly bound in coeval vellum, some wear to feet of spines, folio (2) The first volume is a treatise on hydrology in which Meyer considers several technical solutions to the problems of navigating the Tiber. The second volume, Nuovi ritrovamenti, is a collection of various treatises on experiments, discoveries, technologies and natural phenomena, including the eclipse of Jupiter's first satellite, the sun and the Earth, and the comet that appeared in 1680, 1682 and 1684. ***An excellent pair of works, scarce complete thus and in such good condition, and particularly interesting for the association. The first work has a printed dedication to the then Pope, Blessed Pope Innocent XI, Benedetto Odescalchi, so it is probable considering the presence of the Odescalchi bookplate that both these volumes were presented to him directly, inscribed by the author..

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Goad (John) Astro-Meteorologica, or Aphorisms and

Lot 18: Goad (John) Astro-Meteorologica, or Aphorisms and

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Description: Goad (John) Astro-Meteorologica, or Aphorisms and Discourses of the Bodies Celestial..., first edition, 2P1 repaired and restored with part in facsimile, occasional light damp-staining to margins, ink ownership inscription to endpaper, bookplate to pastedown, contemporary speckled calf, rebacked, preserving original backstrip, modern label to spine, corners bumped, [Horblit 468; Houzeau & Lancaster 5327; Wing G8897], 4to, for J.Rawlins, 1686. ***A curious work on astrological weather prediction. 'Goad's efforts comprised a consciously Baconian programme to reform astrology by using experimental natural philosophy to save its rational and useful core, and discard its superstitious accretions. He foresaw great potential gains, not only in terms of weather prediction but indirectly for agriculture, medicine, and so on... Goad's working assumption was that the planets (each with a specific and unique nature) influenced the earth's atmosphere.' ODNB..

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Cellarius (Andreas) Tychonis Brahe Calculus

Lot 19: Cellarius (Andreas) Tychonis Brahe Calculus

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Description: Cellarius (Andreas) Tychonis Brahe Calculus Planetarum; Hypothesis Ptolemaica, 2 charts of planetary movements from the Harmonia Macrocosmica, 3rd edition, set within decorative borders, one with putti, engraved charts with original hand-colouring, each c.420 x 515mm., both with wide margins, each with slight splitting at head and foot of central vertical fold, a few isolated spots, Amsterdam, Valk & Schenk, 1708 (2)

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Cellarius (Andreas) A group of 8 celstial and

Lot 20: Cellarius (Andreas) A group of 8 celstial and

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Description: Cellarius (Andreas) A group of 8 celstial and planetary charts, from the Harmonia Macrocosmica, 3rd edition, set within decorative borders with putti, allegorical figures, portraits of astronomers and smaller inset charts, engraved charts with original hand-colouring, each c.420 x 515mm., each with a central vertical fold, Amsterdam, Valk & Schenk, 1708 (8) ***The charts included are Planisphærium Arateum; Planisphærium Ptolemaicum; Hemisphærium Orbis Antiqui Cum Zonis, Circulis, Et Situ Populorum Diverso; Theoria SolisPer Eccentricum Sine Epicyclo; Hemisphæra Sphærarum Rectæ et Obliquæ; Typus Aspectuum Oppositionum et Coniuctionum; Theoriatrium Superiorum Planetarum; Theoria Veneris et Mercurii..

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Torricelli (Evangelista) Lezioni Accademiche...,

Lot 21: Torricelli (Evangelista) Lezioni Accademiche...,

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Description: Torricelli (Evangelista) Lezioni Accademiche..., edited by Tommaso Bonaventuri, half-title, engraved frontispiece portrait after Pietro Anichini, engraved printer's device on title, 2 small woodcut vignettes, woodcut decorations and initials, contemporary paste-boards, [Norman II, 2088; Riccardi II 544], 4to, Florence, Jacopo Guiducci, 1715. ***First edition of Torricelli's twelve unpublished lectures, delivered to the Accademia della Crusca, the Studio Fiorentino, and the Academy of Drawing. The lectures relate mainly to physics, and include discussions on impact, wind and military architecture. Bonaventuri's preface contains a biography of Torricelli and a good overview of his work; it also reprints Torricelli's letters on the barometric experiment..

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Galilei (Galileo) Opere..., Nuova Edizione, 3

Lot 22: Galilei (Galileo) Opere..., Nuova Edizione, 3

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Description: Galilei (Galileo) Opere..., Nuova Edizione, 3 vol., edited by Tommaso Bonaventuri, half-titles, vol.I with additional title printed in red & black with engraved allegorical device for Florence, engraved portrait of the author, folding engraved plate, numerous diagrams and illustrations, woodcut decorations and initials, light ink stain to head of half-title and additional title in vol.I, 1 f. with section of loss to lower margin, otherwise internally very good, bookplate of St. Bernard's Seminary Library on each front pastedown, contemporary vellum, [Houzeau & Lancaster 3386; Riccardi I 520], 4to, Florence, Tartini Giovanni Gaetano and Santi Franchi, 1718. ***The first two volumes largely reproduce the material collected by Manolessi in the first edition and this edition is still without the two banned works. The third volume is devoted to previously unpublished material, including a number of letters of Galileo, and notes on his work by Castelli and Viviani..

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Doppelmayer (Johann Gabriel) Tabula

Lot 23: Doppelmayer (Johann Gabriel) Tabula

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Description: Doppelmayer (Johann Gabriel) Tabula Selenographica, double-hemisphere lunar map, phases of the moon depicted in each corner, allegorical vignettes upper left and right, extensive text panel below, engraved map with original hand-colouring, 495 x 585mm., slight splitting at foot of central vertical fold, Nuremberg, Johann Baptist Homann, c.1720.

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Doppelmayer (Johann Gabriel) Hemisphærium Coeli

Lot 24: Doppelmayer (Johann Gabriel) Hemisphærium Coeli

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Description: Doppelmayer (Johann Gabriel) Hemisphærium Coeli Australe, celestial chartfor the southern hemisphere, with putti holding astronomicla instruments in each corner and tables at each side, engraved chart with hand-colouring, 480 x 565mm., central vertical fold, Nuremberg, Johann Baptist Homann, c.1720; with a pair of small 19th century celestial charts of the southern and northern hemispheres, along with another pair of small 19th century charts of the constellations of Ursa Major and Minor, and Orion (5)

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Flamsteed (John) 3 celestial charts from Atlas

Lot 25: Flamsteed (John) 3 celestial charts from Atlas

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Description: Flamsteed (John) 3 celestial charts from Atlas Coelestis, comprising plate 12, Eridanus Orion Lepus; plate 17, Camelopardal & Auriga; and plate 23, Aqila Sagitta.Vulpecula & Anser Delphinus, engraved charts with hand-colouring on mid 18th century laid paper with I. Villedary Strasburg lily watermark, each average 530 x 655mm., all with a central vertical fold, 1729 or later (3)

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Doppelmayer (Johann Gabriel) Motus Planetarum

Lot 26: Doppelmayer (Johann Gabriel) Motus Planetarum

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Description: Doppelmayer (Johann Gabriel) Motus Planetarum Superiorum; Motus in Coelo Spirales, 2 plates charting the movements of the planets for the first three decades of the 18th century, and for the years 1712 and 1713, respectively, with putti, inset text panels and other diagrams, engraved charts with original hand-colouring, each c.490 x 580mm., each with central vertical fold, the former with a small loss to lower right corner, Nuremberg, Johann Baptist Homann, c.1730 (2)

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Doppelmayer (Johann Gabriel) Theoria Lunæ, chart

Lot 27: Doppelmayer (Johann Gabriel) Theoria Lunæ, chart

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Description: Doppelmayer (Johann Gabriel) Theoria Lunæ, chart demonstrating various theories of the movement and phases of the moon, including 2 detailed depictions of surface craters, engraved chart with original hand-colouring, 515 x 575mm., central vertical fold, one or two short splits at sheet edges not affecting plate, Nuremberg, Heirs of Homann, c.1730.

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Seutter (Matthaeus) Sphæræ Artificiales, depicting

Lot 28: Seutter (Matthaeus) Sphæræ Artificiales, depicting

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Description: Seutter (Matthaeus) Sphæræ Artificiales, depicting armillary, celestial and terrestrial globes on ronate stands, title banderole above, engraving with original hand-colouring, 505 x 580mm., short splits at head and foot of central vertical fold, slight marginal surface dirt, a printer's crease upper right in blank area, slight pigment oxidisation to stand bases, Augsburg, c.1740.

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Galilei (Galileo) Opere..., nuova edizione, 4

Lot 29: Galilei (Galileo) Opere..., nuova edizione, 4

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Description: Galilei (Galileo) Opere..., nuova edizione, 4 vol., edited by Giuseppe Toaldo, engraved frontispiece portrait, first title printed in red & black with woodcut device, folding engraved plate, numerous diagrams & illustrations, woodcut decorations and initials, worming affecting gutter of first few ff. in vol.I, contemporary vellum, [Houzeau & Lancaster 3386; Riccardi I 522], 4to, Padua, Stamperia del Seminario, ap- presso Giovanni Manfrè, 1744. ***A significant edition due to the inclusion of previously unpublished works such as Trattato del modo di misurare con la vista (pp.592-602 in vol.I). This collection is edited by Abbot Toaldo, a well-known astronomer & physicist, and represents the first edition containing the Dialogo with the Church's imprimatur..

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Galilei (Galileo) Dialogo..., woodcut printer's

Lot 30: Galilei (Galileo) Dialogo..., woodcut printer's

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Description: Galilei (Galileo) Dialogo..., woodcut printer's device on title, illustrations and diagrams, later engraved portrait, title repaired at inner margin with ablated old inscription, light damp-staining towards end, later vellum-backed boards, small 4to, Padua, Gio. Manfrè, 1744. ***Rare edition of the only Dialogo..

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Lot 31: Lotter (Conrad Tobias) Novissimum Astronomiæ,

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Description: Lotter (Conrad Tobias) Novissimum Astronomiæ, Geographiæ, Ac Gnomicæ Compendium, depicting a quadrant clock, a celestial chart of the sun's position at various hours, and other measuring instruments, with extensive Latin text panel above, engraving with original hand-colouring, 505 x 585mm., a short split at head of central vertical fold, slight browning and a little frayed at sheet edges, Augsburg, 1749.

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18th century English School. Astronomy, elegantly

Lot 32: 18th century English School. Astronomy, elegantly

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Description: 18th century English School. Astronomy, elegantly attired figures amongst classical ruins demonstrating a variety of astronomical instruments, glass transfer painting, 260 x 365mm., in period ebonised frame, c.1750.

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Lot 33: Probst (Georg Balthasar) Luna, Planetarum

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Description: Probst (Georg Balthasar) Luna, Planetarum Secundus, eiusque influentia, vue d'optique depicting the allegorical figure of the moon above classical mythological and contemporary 18th century figures, original hand-coloured engraving, heightened with gum-arabic, 325 x 430mm., trimmed on the upper an lower platemarks, a few minor creases, Augsburg, c.1750.

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Clairaut (Alexis Claude) Théorie de le Lune,

Lot 34: Clairaut (Alexis Claude) Théorie de le Lune,

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Description: Clairaut (Alexis Claude) Théorie de le Lune, second edition, folding engraved plate, trimmed at head affecting some headlines, title and plate a little creased, ink stamp to title verso, title loose, ink owernship inscription to head of title, occasional ink stains and notes to margins, contemporary calf, gilt, rebacked, corners a little worn, [Honeyman 701], 4to, Paris, chez Dessaint & Saillant, 1765. ***First published in 1752, this discourse won the annual prize at the Russian Imperial Academy..

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Hocker (Johann Ludwig) Einleitung zur Erkentnis

Lot 35: Hocker (Johann Ludwig) Einleitung zur Erkentnis

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Description: Hocker (Johann Ludwig) Einleitung zur Erkentnis und Gebrauch der Erd- und Himmels-Kuglen, second edition, title and frontispiece in facsimile, 15 folding engraved plates with contemporary hand-colouring, woodcut head- and tail-pieces and initials, contemporary mottled calf, spine repaired at head, corners a little bumped, [cf. Houzeau & Lancaster 9750], 4to, Nuremberg, George Peter Monat, 1769.

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Schræmbl (Franz Anton) Stereographischer Entwurf

Lot 36: Schræmbl (Franz Anton) Stereographischer Entwurf

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Description: Schræmbl (Franz Anton) Stereographischer Entwurf des gestirnten Himmels, hemispherical celestial chart centred above the north pole, engraved chart with full hand-colouring, 650 x 615mm., central horizontal fold, Vienna, 1787.

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Lot 37: Wollaston (Francis) A Portraiture of the Heavens,

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Description: Wollaston (Francis) A Portraiture of the Heavens, as they Appear to the Naked Eye, 10 double-page engraved star charts, water-stained, disbound, scarce, folio, for J.Cary, 1811.

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Laurie & Whittle A Map Exhibiting the Dark Shadow

Lot 38: Laurie & Whittle A Map Exhibiting the Dark Shadow

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Description: Laurie & Whittle A Map Exhibiting the Dark Shadow of the Moon over England and other parts of Europe in the five great Solar Eclipses of the Years 1715, 1724, 1737, 1748 and 1764, engraved map, 31 x 30.5cm (12 ¼ x 12in), original hand colouring, wide margins, watermarked 1812, [after 1794]

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Vince (Samuel) A Complete System of Astronomy, 3

Lot 39: Vince (Samuel) A Complete System of Astronomy, 3

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Description: Vince (Samuel) A Complete System of Astronomy, 3 vol., vol. 1 & 2 second edition, vol. 3 first edition, 19 engraved folding plates, numerous tables, bookplate to pastedowns, contemporary speckled calf, gilt, spines with red and black morocco labels, joints cracked, corners a little bumped, a little rubbed and scuffed, [Houzeau & Lancaster 9270], 4to, Cambridge, 1814. ***Vince's 'masterly and best-known work'. ODNB..

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Beer (Wilhelm) and Johann Heinrich Mädler.

Lot 40: Beer (Wilhelm) and Johann Heinrich Mädler.

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Description: Beer (Wilhelm) and Johann Heinrich Mädler. General-karte der sichtbaren Seite der Mondoberflaeche, separately published hemispherical map of the moon, with extensive key to either side and text panel below, engraved map, 540 x 450mm., faint spotting and pale browning, a few minor handling creases at sheet edges, a small loss to upper right sheet corner, not affecting map or text, Berlin, Simon Schropp et Comp., 1837.

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Raw (J., printer) Observations on the Moon's

Lot 41: Raw (J., printer) Observations on the Moon's

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Description: Raw (J., printer) Observations on the Moon's Influence on the Weather, handbill, 19.8 x 16cm (7 3/4 x 6 1/4in), including a three-column table, letterpress within rule borders, slight spotting, old folds, [?Ipswich, c.1840]. ***An ephemeral weather forecasting aid in the tradition of the Shepherd of Banbury's Rules although credited to 'an eminent Astronomer.'.

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Airy (Sir George) A Collection of six A.Ls.s. from

Lot 42: Airy (Sir George) A Collection of six A.Ls.s. from

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Description: Airy (Sir George) A Collection of six A.Ls.s. from Airy to Professor Wilhelm Förster, relating to the prediction of the places and observations of the small planets, varieties of distance eccentricities and inclinations of planets for other determinations, referring to Enck's comet etc., central folds, 1864-79; and an engraved portrait of Airy, v.s. (7) ***Sir George Biddell Airy (1801-1892) mathematician and astronomer. Airy held the post of Astronomer Royal from 1835-1881, his reputation was somewhat marred by his percieved slowness surrounding the discovery of Neptune, ultimately claimed by the French. He is however rightly credited with establishing the Prime Meridian at Greenwich..

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Schiaparelli (G.V.) Osservszioni Astronomiche e

Lot 43: Schiaparelli (G.V.) Osservszioni Astronomiche e

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Description: Schiaparelli (G.V.) Osservszioni Astronomiche e Fische Sull'asse di Rotazione e Sulla Topographia del Pianeta Marte, first printing, in Atti della R. Accademia dei Lincei, Anno CCLXXV, 1877-1878, Serie Terza, vol.2, 5 lithographed plates, 1 double-page, 3 coloured, occasional light spotting, upper hinge a little weak, contemporary morocco-backed boards, a little rubbed and scuffed, 4to, Rome, 1878. ***During the great opposition of Mars in 1877, Schiaparelli observed the planet thoroughly using a Merz refractor; this exceptional instrument allowed Schiaparelli to detect even the smallest surface features which had been overlooked in earlier oppositions by larger telescopes. In drawing a complete picture for the construction of an accurate map, he stated that the interpretation of the phenomena observed on Mars was still largely hypothetical, varying among observers even when they saw the same details. He was the first to classify the features as 'seas' and 'continents'..

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Pickering (Edward C.) Harvard College Observatory,

Lot 44: Pickering (Edward C.) Harvard College Observatory,

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Description: Pickering (Edward C.) Harvard College Observatory, Boyden Fund, letterpress circular, 4pp, slight spotting, old folds, 4to, Cambridge, Mass., 1 March 1887. ***Pickering, director of Harvard College Observatory, solicits advice on the siting of a new station at a sufficient altitude to avoid atmospheric influences. In subsequent years various locations in California and South America were considered..

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Galilei (Galileo) A Madama Cristina di Lorena, 11

Lot 45: Galilei (Galileo) A Madama Cristina di Lorena, 11

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Description: Galilei (Galileo) A Madama Cristina di Lorena, 11 printed sheets (206pp.) comprising text, portrait and original printed wrappers, uncut and unfolded, together framed & glazed, [Bondy pp.95-96], 128mo (18 x 10mm.), [Padua], Salmin, [1897]. First published in 1636, some twenty-one years after it was written, the work reflects on the harmony of religion and science. "For many years this tiny book, which is only half the size of an ordinary postage stamp, was considered the smallest printed from movable type. It is however surprising that even now (1981) very occasionally the book can be found in its original sheets... The explanation for such an exceptional survival could be that many binders must have shied away from the fiddling task of making up such a minute volume" Bondy, Miniature Books, pp. 95-96. ***Miniature Book. The smallest book printed from movable type, using the Fly's eye type (Occhio di mosca) created in 1850 by Giacomo Gnocchi and used by the Salmin Brothers in 1878 for the Dantino. The measure of the pages of the normal copies is 3/4 by 1/2 of an inch. The text is the translation of the Novantiqua, the famous letter sent by Galileo to his friend and patron Madama Cristina of Lorena..

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Ecole Polytechnique Portefeuille d'Astronomie, 29

Lot 46: Ecole Polytechnique Portefeuille d'Astronomie, 29

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Description: Ecole Polytechnique Portefeuille d'Astronomie, 29 plates, some double, including lithographed maps, charts, photographic views of telescopes and other instruments at the Paris Observatory and a heliogravure of Lewis Morris Rutherford's celebrated photograph of the Moon in its first quarter, 6 March 1865, contemporary roan-backed boards, edges rubbed, title on spine, large folio (49 x 33.5cm; 19 ¼ x 13 _ in), Paris, n.d. (c.1880) £1,500-2,000

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Maurice Loewy, editor Annuaire pour l'An 1882

Lot 47: Maurice Loewy, editor Annuaire pour l'An 1882

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Description: Maurice Loewy, editor Annuaire pour l'An 1882 publié par le Bureau des Longitudes, 809pp, publisher's catalogue bound in at end, original printed wrappers, worn, 8vo, Paris [1881] £300-400 Among a wealth of astronomical information, one article is of particular interest. Note sur la Photographie de la Comète de 1881 obtenue a l'Observatoire de Meudon is a detailed account by the Observatory's director Jules Janssen of the process used to obtain a striking image of the comet, presented facing p.776 as a mounted albumen print, 10 x 5.5cm (4 x 2 ¼ in).

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Henry Draper Henry Draper. Full Moon, Charles

Lot 48: Henry Draper Henry Draper. Full Moon, Charles

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Description: Henry Draper Henry Draper. Full Moon, Charles Bierstadt and Underwood & Underwood, [1865-] c.1890. Stereoview mounted on card, WITH: Yerkes Observatory. Full Moon, Keystone, c.1900. Stereoview mounted on card, WITH: Yerkes Observatory. Planet Mars and Morehouse's Comet, Keystone, c.1900. Two stereoviews mounted on card (4) £100-150

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Ladislaus Weinek Crater Albategnius, c.1894

Lot 49: Ladislaus Weinek Crater Albategnius, c.1894

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Description: Ladislaus Weinek Crater Albategnius, c.1894 Vintage albumen print, 24.6 x 19.9cm (9 _ x 8in), verso signed in pencil with title and other pencilled annotations including the reference "Vide Comptes Rendus No.22 (26 Nov. 1894)", old label of the British Astronomical Association on verso £500-750 Ladislaus Weinek (1848-1913) studied in Vienna and by 1883 was professor of astronomy and director of the Klementinum Observatory in Prague as well as an accomplished photographer. The lunar crater Weinek south of Mare Nectaris and asteroid 7114 Weinek are named after him. In 1885 he took the first known photograph of a meteor. Using negatives of the Moon supplied to him by the Lick and Meudon Observatories, he began publication of his Mond-Atlas in 1897. After three years, 20 fascicles each with 20 plates had been issued, but the project was abandoned due to the expense involved. Although little-known today, this was the first lunar atlas based on photographs. The present photograph appears to predate these published images.

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Yerkes Observatory A collection of glass lantern

Lot 50: Yerkes Observatory A collection of glass lantern

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Description: Yerkes Observatory A collection of glass lantern slides, majority 1894-1918 Twenty four slides, each 10.3 x 8.3cm (4 x 3 ¼ in), edges paper-taped, caption labels, preserved in 3 contemporary Eastman Kodak boxes and 1 later box £400-600 Includes 10 astronomical photographs - the Moon, a solar eclipse, sunspot and nebulae - 4 views of telescopes and others of the Observatory.

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Edward Charles Pickering Omega Centauri, Harvard

Lot 51: Edward Charles Pickering Omega Centauri, Harvard

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Description: Edward Charles Pickering Omega Centauri, Harvard College Observatory, 1896 Vintage gelatin silver print, 23.8 x 18.5cm (9 ½ x 7 ¼ in), verso inscribed "ù Centauri Harvard" £600-800 Taken by Pickering (1846-1919), director of Harvard College Observatory, using the Bruce telescope.

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