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Auction Description for Dreweatts: The Military Sale: Medals, Orders, Decorations and Militaria
Viewing Notes:
25th May 11am - 4pm., 27th & 28th May 9.30am - 5.30pm., and morning of sale from 9.30am.
Sale Notes:
www.invaluable.com/dreweatts1759

The Military Sale: Medals, Orders, Decorations and Militaria

by Dreweatts & Bloomsbury


500 lots | 498 with images

May 29, 2014

Live Auction

Bloomsbury House

24 Maddox Street

London, W1S 1PP United Kingdom

Phone: +44 (0)207 495 9494

Fax: +44 (0)207 495 9499

Email: info@bloomsburyauctions.com

500 Lots
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An Impressive Boer War and WWI DSO and '1914' MC Group of 6 awarded to...

Lot 1: An Impressive Boer War and WWI DSO and '1914' MC Group of 6 awarded to...

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Description: An Impressive Boer War and WWI DSO and 1914 MC Group of 6 awarded to Lieutenant Colonel Francis Lane Congreve, Home Guard, late 120th Battery, 27th Brigade, Royal Field Artillery. A scion of the highly distinguished Congreve Family, he was the youngest brother of the Boer War Colenso VC winner General Sir Walter Norris Congreve, and uncle of WWI Longueval VC winner William Billy La Touche Congreve, Francis was himself one of the very first recipients of the new award of the Military Cross in January 1915, and was mentioned in despatches on four separate occasions, comprising: Distinguished Service Order, GVR, Military Cross, GVR (Capt. F. L. Congreve. R.F.A. 1st Jan 1915), Queen s South Africa Medal, 3rd type reverse, 5 clasps, Cape Colony, Orange Free State, Transvaal, South Africa 1901, South Africa 1902 (2/ Lieut. F. L. Congreve, R.F.A.), 1914 Star with clasp 5th Aug.-22nd Nov. 1914 (Capt. F. L. Congreve. R.F.A.), British War and Victory Medals, 1914-1920 (Lt. Col. F. L. Congreve.) with MID bronze spray of oak leaves; the first unnamed as issued, second and third medals officially engraved, latter trio officially impressed, court mounted on bar with reverse pin for wear, mounted as worn. Group toned, about extremely fine. (6) DSO London Gazette 01.01.1919 - for distinguished service in connection with military operations in France and Flanders. MC London Gazette 01.01.1915 - for distinguished services in time of war MID London Gazette 19.10.1914; 04.01.1917; 23.12.1918; 07.07.1919 Francis Lane Congreve (1881-1962) was born in Castle Church, Staffordshire, 21 March 1881, the youngest son of William Congreve (1831-1902) - a scion of the Congreve family and distant relation of Sir William Congreve (1772-1828), inventor of the Congreve Rocket. He was educated at Cheltenham College, was Captain of the 1st XI Football team, representing Gloucestershire against Surrey in 1900, and was a noteworthy track athlete. He was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the Royal Field Artillery 18 December 1900, serving in the Second Boer War in South Africa between 1901 and 1902. During this time, his eldest brother, Captain Walter Norris Congreve (Rifle Brigade), had already won the Victoria Cross for gallantry shown at Colenso, where during an attempt to save several RFA guns he also helped to save the life of a fellow officer. Through steady promotions, Francis Congreve had reached the position of Battery Captain of the 120th Battery, 27th Brigade RFA during the earliest stages of the Great War in August 1914 whilst with the BEF or Old Contemptibles , and then he was made Adjutant to the 27th Brigade in early January 1915. For his service in 1914, he was the very first of his regiment to receive the King s new decoration for officers - the Military Cross. He was promoted to Major in July 1915, and then served as OC of the 124th Battery, 18th Brigade, RFA until late 1917. He was wounded in action in October 1916 , and was again promoted to Brigade Major, RA, with the 11th Division. He was made Acting Lieutenant Colonel, RFA, 6 June 1918, and OC for the 155th Brigade RFA. He was also awarded the Distinguished Service Order for his WWI services in January 1919. He continued to serve post-war, and was eventually promoted to Lieutenant Colonel 26 February 1929, and finally retired 26 August 1933. He was later recalled to service in WW2, initially with the Royal Engineers, and later with the Home Guard. In 1909 he married Evelyn Gertrude Knaggs, Daughter of S Knaggs of Cordeny, Co Louth, Ireland.

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A WW2 and Palestine Campaign AFC Group of 6 awarded to Squadron Leader...

Lot 2: A WW2 and Palestine Campaign AFC Group of 6 awarded to Squadron Leader...

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Description: A WW2 and Palestine Campaign AFC Group of 6 awarded to Squadron Leader Bertram Frederic Stannard, Physical Fitness Branch, Royal Air Force, who went on to serve as Commander and Parachute Instructor at No. 1 Parachute Training School, RAF Abingdon, between 1960 and 1963, comprising: Air Force Cross, GVIR, reverse officially engraved 1948 , 1939-1945 Star, Burma Star, Defence and War Medals, 1939-1945, the latter bearing bronze MID oak leaf, General Service Medal, 1918-1962, single clasp, Palestine 1945-48 (Act. Sqn. Ldr. B. F. Stannard. R.A.F.); the first and last officially engraved, the remainder unnamed as issued, swing mounted on bar with reverse pin for wear, sold with original Spink & Son case, with matching riband bar and set of miniatures. Group toned, good very fine. (6) AFC London Gazette 29.06.1948 - For distinguished service in Palestine Bertram Frederic Stannard, of Sussex, England, first appears in the London Gazette upon promotion from Warrant Officer to Pilot Officer on probation 31 December 1943, with the Physical Fitness Branch. He reached the rank of Flight Lieutenant 20 March 1947, and Squadron Leader 1 January 1959. In the article Learning to Leap at RAF Abingdon (August 1962) the then new No. 1 Parachute Training School is mentioned in detail, with questions fielded to Wing Commander Stannard: We have about 3,500 servicemen going through the school every year, said Wing Cmdr. B. F. Stannard, AFC, commanding officer, but of this number only a very small percentage are from the RAF. He explained the reason why they get so few RAF servicemen was due to the fact the service had no real need of parachutists. The majority of men we receive here are from the Army and because of this we work in close co-operation with the Army staff attached to the school, he added. Wing Comdr. Stannard, a jovial Sussex born officer who has been in command of the school since September 1960, made it quite clear that whether a Private or a General comes to be trained it s the same treatment for all. Sold with copy London Gazette mentions, and the aforementioned article.

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DISTINGUISHED CONDUCT MEDAL, VR ; officially impressed

Lot 3: DISTINGUISHED CONDUCT MEDAL, VR ; officially impressed

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Description: DISTINGUISHED CONDUCT MEDAL, VR ( 958 C. Sgt R. Taylor, 2nd Rl: Scots Fus: ); officially impressed. Lightly toned, minor obverse edge nick at 6 o clock, otherwise nearly extremely fine, rare with award details. MID London Gazette 08.02.1901 - Conspicuous gallantry in the attack on Pieter s Hill DCM London Gazette 19.04.1901 Roland Taylor was born 22 November 1865, in Headington, Oxford, and enlisted for service with the Royal Scots Fusiliers at Aldershot 7 November 1884, having had some experience with the 4th Oxfordshire (Militia) Regiment. He initially served in India before serving with the 2nd Battalion, Royal Scots Fusiliers during the Second Boer War. Whilst in South Africa, at the rank of Sergeant he distinguished himself in action, and was later awarded the DCM for conspicuous gallantry during the attack on Pieter s Hill 27 February 1900. Here, the Royal Scots Fusiliers (as part of Barton s Brigade) attacked up a very steep hill of 500 feet elevation towards a strong Boer position. Dashing across the crest they managed to secure and hold the plateau, despite having lost all but one of their officers - the action centring around a sangar they erected whilst facing the main enemy-held kopje. This was the costliest attack for the Royal Scots Fusiliers since the Battle of Inkermann, with 4 officers and 26 men killed, 9 officers and 72 men wounded, including Colonel Carr, who was kept alive despite being seriously wounded. Given the grouping of awards for this action to the 2nd RSF, it appears very likely that Sergeant Taylor was amongst the party in the stone lined sangar, which came under very heavy fire. Having been promoted to Colour-Sergeant subsequent to this action, he was also wounded in action at Frederickstad 23 October 1900. His papers show his wound elsewhere that he received a gunshot wound to left side of head . More broadly, his service papers state he was mentioned for distinguished conduct in the action at Colenso, Greenhill, Pietershill and Venterskroon. He continued to serve with the Royal Scots Fusiliers, and served with them during WWI. His MIC appears to show him as serving as Lieutenant and Quartermaster with the 1st / 5th Royal Scots Fusiliers during the Gallipoli campaign, and later being sent on attachment as Captain and Quartermaster with the 14th London Regiment (London Scottish). His MIC gives two addresses: the first as 7 South Brink, Wisbech, Camb., the second as 24 Gordon Terrace, Ayr, and his various papers show him as being discharged due to reaching an age limit in October 1920. The Proceedings on Discharge note his conduct as Exemplary. No offense in the whole of his 26 year service. Furthermore, he is noted as an excellent instructor & disciplinarian and a good clerk, a smart, conscientious & hardworking, reliable man, thoroughly suitable for a position of trust. His full entitlement should include a IGS with clasp Burma 1885-87, QSA with 5 clasps, KSA 2 clasps, and Army LSGC. Sold with copy London Gazette entries, MIC, and a large quantity of service documentation and papers.

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An Important King's Police Medal group of 3 awarded to Deputy...

Lot 4: An Important King's Police Medal group of 3 awarded to Deputy...

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Description: An Important King s Police Medal group of 3 awarded to Deputy Inspector-General of Police Henry Carter Hunt, Indian Police (Bengal), former Deputy Commissioner, Calcutta Police, who played an important role in quelling the Calcutta communal riots of 1926, comprising: King s Police Medal, GVIR, for distinguished service (H. C. Hunt, Indian Police. Bengal), Jubilee Medal, 1935, Coronation Medal, 1937; the first officially engraved in upright capitals, remainder unnamed as issued, group mounted on bar with reverse pin for wear, and framed for display with original riband bar and cloth shoulder insignia, dated 1900-1944 below. (3) KPM London Gazette 01.01.1938 - Bengal - Henry Carter Hunt, Indian Police, Officiating Deputy Inspector-General of Police. Mr Hunt joined the Imperial Police in 1909 and his service has been marked by thoroughness and ability of a high order. When a comparatively young officer he earned the thanks of Government for the efficient manner in which he performed the difficult duties entrusted to him in the Pragpur-Khalilpur dacoity (the local term for banditry) case. In 1921 his services were placed at the disposal of the Government of India for employment as Secretary to the Railway Police Committee, which placed on record their high appreciation of Mr. Hunt s work, and remarked that his devotion to duty materially lightened their labour. His work as Assistant to the Deputy Inspector-General of Police, Criminal Investigation Department, and as Deputy Commissioner, Calcutta Police, was characterised by exceptional ability and keenness . In the communal riots in Calcutta, in 1926, he had an important and difficult role to play, which he handled with conspicuous success . Since he first officiated as Deputy Inspector-General in January, 1933, he has been discharging the duties of that office in an eminently satisfactory manner. The Bengal riots of 1926 were set against a backdrop of increasing anti-colonial sentiment, tied in with a growing hostility between local Muslim and Hindu factions, which particularly in the month of April that year became extremely hostile and dangerous. Temples and Mosques became the scene of a number of attacks, as well as an outbreak of widespread arson, some looting and regular marauding crowds. At its peak, the Indian Police lamentably opened fire upon large crowds upon their refusal to disperse. According to some estimates, in the 12 months between April 1926 and April 1927 some 40 riots had broken out, causing 197 deaths and 1,598 injuries. Sold with framed citation, photograph and medal award documents.

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A WW2 DFM Group of 5 awarded to Flight Sergeant Edward William Banks

Lot 5: A WW2 DFM Group of 5 awarded to Flight Sergeant Edward William Banks

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Description: A WW2 DFM Group of 5 awarded to Flight Sergeant Edward William Banks, Air Bomber with 156 Squadron, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve (RAFVR), killed in action as Bomb Aimer in Lancaster Bomber ED857 whilst on a bombing raid over Duisberg on the 12-13th of May, 1943, having completed 34 sorties and 202 hours of flying , comprising: Distinguished Flying Medal, GVIR (777836 F/Sgt. E. W. Banks. R.A.F.), Air Crew Europe Star (777836 F/Sgt. W. E. Banks. D.F.M. 156 Sqdn.), 1939-1945 Star (777836 F/Sgt. W. E. Banks. D.F.M. 156 Sqdn.), Defence and War Medals, 1939-1945 (777836 F/Sgt. E. W. Banks. D.F.M. 156 Sqdn.); the first officially engraved, remainder privately engraved, sold with original boxes of issue and named awards slips, medals loose. Group toned, extremely fine. (5) DFM London Gazette 17.07.1945 (posthumous with effect from 12 May 1943) This NCO has carried out 34 operations against Germany, Italy and enemy occupied territory, 27 of which have been with this Squadron. Flight Sergeant Banks has displayed great efficiency as a bomb aimer and it is entirely due to his knowledge that he has brought back photographic evidence of his good work which has materially contributed to the success of many operations carried out by this crew. At all times he has displayed skill and courage to a high degree and devotion to duty in all his work Remarks by Station Commander - This NCO has proved himself to be a most skilful and determined Air Bomber. Award recommended. Flight Sergeant Edward William Banks appears to have enlisted for WW2 service with the RAFVR from Rhodesia, as suggested by his service number. He served for a time with 142 squadron, before being transferred to 156 Squadron in October 1942, which became part of No. 8 (Pathfinder Force) Group. The Group initially used Wellington Bombers prior to converting to Lancasters in 1943, and as Air Bomber, Edward William Banks took part in a large number of bombing raid over important strategic and industrial targets such as Torino, Genova, Hamburg, Koln, Munich, St Nazaire, Lorient, Berlin, Hamburg, Essen, Kiel, Dortmund, and latterly Duisberg. It was during a raid on Duisburg that Flight Sergeant Banks was killed in action 12-13 May 1943 aboard aircraft ED857 , under the command of pilot Lighton Verdon-Roe DFC (son of the aeronautical pioneer Sir Edwin Alliott Verdon-Roe, founder of the Avro Company). He was posthumously awarded the DFM for his WW2 service and is buried with other members of his crew in the Reichswald Forest War Cemetery.

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NAVAL GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1793-1840, single clasp

Lot 6: NAVAL GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1793-1840, single clasp

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Description: NAVAL GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1793-1840, single clasp, Egypt ( John Mayhew, Purser. ); officially impressed. Old cabinet tone, superb, practically mint state with lustrous fields, with original ribbon. ex Spink, 22 November 2012, lot 148 John Mayhew was born c.1780 and served as Purser aboard HMS Pallas during the campaigns on and off the coast of Egypt in 1801. He died 16 March 1851, at his home in Suffolk. As recorded in his short obituary, recorded in the Hampshire Telegraph of Saturday, 22 March 1851: DIED: MAYHEW - On Sunday last, at his residence, Great Bealing, Suffolk. Mr John Mayhew, Paymaster and Purser, R.N., deeply and sincerely lamented by his afflicted relatives and friends. His amicable and benevolent disposition endeared him to all his acquaintance. The poor have indeed lost a most kind friend . (© The British Library Board) Sold with copy Last Will and Testament showing that the value of his estate was passed to his sisters Mary and Martha Mayhew, copy roll mention, and copy newspaper clipping as above.

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NAVAL GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1793-1840, single clasp

Lot 7: NAVAL GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1793-1840, single clasp

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Description: NAVAL GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1793-1840, single clasp, Banda Neira ( Henry Notley ); officially impressed. Lightly toned, a few tiny obverse marks and hairlines, otherwise extremely fine, a rare clasp. ex Dixon s Medals, Gazette, Autumn 2012, sold for £5400 ex Spink, 25th September 2001, lot 37, sold for £3680 ex Dixon s Medals, November 1981, £875 ex Spink, October 1950 Henry Notley was born c.1781 in Doncaster, England. He entered service with the Royal Navy as an Ordinary Seaman aboard HMS Caroline in October 1803, at the age of 22. His age and entry as Ordinary Seaman suggests that he had previous experience aboard merchant vessels sailing between Britain and India. He was advanced to Able Seaman in January 1805 and to Quarter-Master s Mate in May 1810, where he was present during the famous capture of the fortified Dutch island of Banda Neira - a bountiful spice island which had hitherto been considered impregnable. On 9 August 1810 Captain C Cole, with HMS Caroline, Piedmontaise and Barracouta approached the island with a complement of 100 men of the Madras European Regiment, with the ships exchanging fire with the numerous batteries. Landing his troops in small boats, they managed to scale the wall with ladders and seized Fort Belgica, and soon after Fort Nassau, securing a large amount of treasure in addition to the possession of a highly profitable spice island. Only 68 recipients for this clasp on roll, and one of only 14 examples of this medal known to the medal market, this the finest in terms of condition. Sold with a quantity of relevant research, copy roll entries, and provenance information.

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A Pleasing Peninsula Campaign & Waterloo Medal Pair awarded to Sergeant...

Lot 8: A Pleasing Peninsula Campaign & Waterloo Medal Pair awarded to Sergeant...

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Description: A Pleasing Peninsula Campaign & Waterloo Medal Pair awarded to Sergeant Benjamin Bertenshaw, 3rd Battalion Grenadier Guards, wounded in action at Waterloo , comprising: Military General Service Medal, 1793-1814, single clasp, Corunna (B. Bertenshaw, Serjt, 1st Foot Gds), and Waterloo Medal, 1815, with contemporary replacement steel clip and ring suspension (Corp. Ben. Bartenshaw, 3rd Batt. Grenad. Guards.); pair officially impressed, medals loose. The pair toned, first very fine, the second bold fine with several edge bumps in places and a slightly loose clip. (2) Benjamin Bertenshaw was born c.1775 in the parish of Droylsden near Manchester, and enlisted with the 1st Foot Guards at Manchester 10 January 1801, at the age of 26, having previously worked as a Hatter. He served with No.1 Company during the Peninsula War, earning the bar Corunna in 1808-1809. He was present at the Walcheren Expedition, and also at Waterloo, where he served in Lt Colonel Thomas s Company (who was himself killed in action). Benjamin Bertenshaw is recorded as having been wounded in action in The Men of the 1st Foot Guards at Waterloo and Beyond by Barbara J Chambers. The 3rd Battalion 1st Foot Guards played a key role in the defence of Hougoumont, the large farmhouse building and walled orchard on the British right. Identified by both Wellington and Napoleon as holding the key to potential victory, Wellington placed his elite 1st (Foot Guards) Division both in and around the chateau and its orchard - the 1st Brigade (2nd & 3rd Battalions 1st Foot Guards) under Major General Maitland inside the Chateau itself, and the 2nd Brigade (2nd Battalion Coldstream Guards and 2nd Battalion 3rd (Scots) Foot Guards) under Major General Byng in the gardens and on the ridge immediately behind. During the course of the day, the 1st Division held on despite the desperate fighting at Hougoumont, as Napoleon launched repeated heavy attacks in his attempt to seize the farmhouse and shatter the British right. Despite suffering very heavy casualties, the Guards managed to repulse the French, and even as a handful of troops managed to force their way in, the Guards swiftly reclosed the door, and killed the trapped soldiers, sparing only a young French drummer boy. As Wellington later wrote, t he success of the battle turned upon closing the gates at Hougoumont , and for the bravery of the 1st Foot Guards in the final defeat of the Grenadiers of the French Imperial Guard, they were granted their famous title - The Grenadier Guards. Over the course of Quatre Bras and Waterloo, the 3rd Battalion 1st Foot Guards suffered 4 officers and 101 men killed, with 12 officers and 490 men wounded, out of an original complement of 1066 men (or nearly 57% killed or wounded). He served for a total of 21 years and 21 days with the colours (including 2 years given for Waterloo service) and was discharged 31 January 1820, in consequence of rheumatism contracted during the Peninsula Campaigns . He retired as a Chelsea Pensioner, and later died 21 May 1857 at the age of 83 in Huddersfield, Yorkshire. Sold with copy roll mentions, discharge papers, and modern death certificate.

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MILITARY GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1793-1814, 4 clasps, Talavera, Albuhera

Lot 9: MILITARY GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1793-1814, 4 clasps, Talavera, Albuhera

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Description: MILITARY GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1793-1814, 4 clasps, Talavera, Albuhera, Vittoria, Toulouse ( J. Lees, 3rd Dragoon Gds ); officially impressed, with original ribbon. Dark old cabinet tone, two minor edge bruises, otherwise bold very fine. The 3rd Dragoon Guards landed at Lisbon 26-27 March 1809 as part of Fane s cavalry brigade. On the 4 May that year they marched north to join Wellington s army, and at the battle of Talavera, fought 27-28 July 1809. The 3rd Dragoon Guards and the 4th Light Dragoons had moved into the plain on the left and advanced to charge a column of enemy infantry, but this order was countermanded, calling for the two regiments to reform (supported by Major-General Anson s Brigade). It was during these manoeuvres that Captain Brice was severely wounded by a cannonball. Wellington s forces were quickly pushed back after the successful action, leaving many of the wounded behind, including Captain Brice. Many British soldiers were captured, and on the whole were well-treated. Sold with copy roll mention confirming this 4-clasp award.

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MILITARY GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1793-1814, single clasp

Lot 10: MILITARY GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1793-1814, single clasp

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Description: MILITARY GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1793-1814, single clasp, Albuhera ( J. Trench, Serjt. Waggon. Train ); officially impressed. Lightly toned, reverse edge bruise at 5 o clock, a few small scratches to portrait, very fine thus. ex Glendining, March 1929 Sergeant John Trench was born c.1796 and served in Captain Jackson s Troop during the Peninsular Wars. He was present at the Battle of Albuhera, and research suggests that he later joined the Northumberland Militia, and that he was discharged as a result of old age 30 November 1852, at the age of 56. His name appears as both Trench and French due to a misreading of the old hand in which the original rolls were written. Additionally, the original roll shows some contemporary confusion about his correct entitlement, showing John Trench is present for Nive , this entry then crossed out, and a large tick placed in the Albuhera column. Sold with copy of original roll mention confirming this single clasp award.

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MILITARY GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1793-1814, single clasp, Nive

Lot 11: MILITARY GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1793-1814, single clasp, Nive

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Description: MILITARY GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1793-1814, single clasp, Nive, sometime rebuilt with tailor s copy clasp and slightly larger suspension bar from a later period ( William Bailey, 84th Foot.); officially impressed. Toned, minor obverse edge bruises at 5 and 6 o clock, very fine. Private William Bailey was born c.1879 in Loughborough, Leicestershire, and served with the 2nd Battalion, 84th Foot (York and Lancaster Regiment). He served in Captain William Yates Johnson s Company at the Battle of Nive, where the 84th foot were well-involved and suffered heavy casualties, including the death of Captain Johnson himself. William Bailey was discharged upon the disbandment of the 2nd Battalion 84th Foot in December 1817. Sold with copy of original roll mention confirming this single clasp award.

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WATERLOO MEDAL, 1815, with original iron clip and contemporary replacement...

Lot 12: WATERLOO MEDAL, 1815, with original iron clip and contemporary replacement...

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Description: WATERLOO MEDAL, 1815, with original iron clip and contemporary replacement steel ring suspension ( Richard Stone, 2nd Batt. Coldstream Gds. ); officially impressed. Once cleaned, small mark to field before portrait, light hairlines and one or two tiny rim nicks, otherwise about very fine and pleasing. Private Richard Stone was born c.1785 in Wanborough, near Swindon, Wiltshire, and he attested for service with the 2nd Battalion Coldstream Guards 25 August 1809 at Salisbury, having previously worked as a Gardener. He served in Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Dawkin s Company at the Battle of Waterloo, where the 2nd Battalion Coldstream Guards played a key part in the defence of Hougoumont, being located in and around the large farmhouse building and walled orchard on the British right. Identified by both Wellington and Napoleon as holding the key to potential victory, Wellington placed his elite 1st (Foot Guards) Division both in and around the chateau - the 1st Brigade (2nd & 3rd Battalions 1st Foot Guards) under Major General Maitland inside the Chateau itself, and the 2nd Brigade (2nd Battalion Coldstream Guards and 2nd Battalion 3rd (Scots) Foot Guards) under Major General Byng in the gardens and on the ridge immediately behind. During the course of the day, the 1st Division held on despite the desperate fighting at Hougoumont, as Napoleon launched repeated heavy attacks in his attempt to seize the farmhouse and shatter the British right. Despite suffering very heavy casualties, the Guards managed to repulse the French, and even as a handful of troops managed to force their way in, the Guards swiftly reclosed the door, and killed the trapped soldiers, sparing only a young French drummer boy. As Wellington later wrote, t he success of the battle turned upon closing the gates at Hougoumont Private Richard Stone was discharged from further service in London in August 1823 at the age of 38, with the reason for discharge being given as defective sight of the right eye, the effect of opthalmia when on service in France . It is suggested that this particular malady would have been caused by the effects of gunpowder flashes near the aiming eye from regular musketry. Sold with copy of discharge papers and roll mention confirming this award.

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ARCTIC MEDAL, 1818-1857, unnamed as issued

Lot 13: ARCTIC MEDAL, 1818-1857, unnamed as issued

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Description: ARCTIC MEDAL, 1818-1857, unnamed as issued, with original ribbon and rare original box of issue. Old cabinet tone, a few very light hairlines, otherwise practically as struck.

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MAHARAJPOOR STAR, 1843, with contemporary replacement ring suspension and...

Lot 14: MAHARAJPOOR STAR, 1843, with contemporary replacement ring suspension and...

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Description: MAHARAJPOOR STAR, 1843, with contemporary replacement ring suspension and typical reverse steel fitting for wear ( Private Thomas Branson, H.M. 39th. Regt. ); officially engraved in a tidy running script. Toned, bold very fine. ex DNW auction, 16 December 2003, lot 25 This medal, and its related award, the Punniar Star, were made from the bronze taken from captured guns won by the British and Indian troops under General Sir Hugh Gough and Major General Grey. The campaign of 1843 in the state of Gwalior came about after the death of the Maharajah in February 1843, and the local unrest which followed. The campaign reached its zenith 29 December, where the battles of Maharajpoor and Punniar were fought on the same day - with the British and Indian Allied forces the victors at both. Sold with copy of original roll mention, and some useful research.

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SUTLEJ MEDAL, 1845-1846, single clasp, Ferozeshuhur ; officially impressed

Lot 15: SUTLEJ MEDAL, 1845-1846, single clasp, Ferozeshuhur ; officially impressed

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Description: SUTLEJ MEDAL, 1845-1846, single clasp, Ferozeshuhur ( Robert McLure 50th Regt ); officially impressed. Dark old tone, about extremely fine. Private Robert McLure was born c.1825 in Derry Castle, Antrim, and attested for service with the 50th (Royal West Kent) Regiment at Glasgow 5 June 1843, having previously worked as a Labourer. He served with the Army of the Sutlej in 1845, and his papers show that he was present at the actions of Moodkee and Ferozeshuhur, at the latter of which he was wounded in action . Additionally, his papers show that he was discharged 24 February 1849 at Dover, having received a severe contusion in the chest by the fall of the Barracks at Loodianah 20th May 1846 and from which he has never recovered , hence his lack of later clasps. On the night of 20 May 1846, a heavy storm struck Loodhiana, where the 50th Regiment was stationed. Their barracks were of a hastily built construction, using largely mud or Kucha bricks, and its roof soon collapsed under the stress of the storm, causing a reported 231 people to be buried amongst the rubble, which as noted above would have included Private Robert McLure. Hayward & Hall s Gazettes of 1966-1970 included a short article on this subject in Checklist 14, including a list of the fifty soldiers of the 50th who were killed in this disaster. Sold with copy discharge papers, and some useful copy research from The History of the Fiftieth (The Queen s Own) Regiment .

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INDIA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1854-1895, single clasp

Lot 16: INDIA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1854-1895, single clasp

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Description: INDIA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1854-1895, single clasp, Northwest Frontier ( 304 Corpl. J. Dillon. 7th Hussars ); erased and renamed with impressed and somewhat irregular upright capitals. Lightly toned, a few hairline marks to surfaces, about very fine. Sold with copy roll mention, confirming this entitlement to 304 Corporal John Dillon, 7th Hussars.

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INDIA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1854-1895, single clasp

Lot 17: INDIA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1854-1895, single clasp

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Description: INDIA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1854-1895, single clasp, Burma 1885-7 ( 2302 Pte. J. Dillon 2d Bn L Pool R. ); officially engraved in a running script. Lightly toned, suspension pin just a little loose, otherwise good very fine. ex Brian Ritchie collection, DNW auction, 17 September 2004, lot 702, £140 hammer Sold with copy roll mention, confirming this entitlement with the added note - discharged . He is not believed to be the same man as in the previous lot.

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INDIA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1854-1895, single clasp

Lot 18: INDIA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1854-1895, single clasp

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Description: INDIA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1854-1895, single clasp, Jowaki 1877-8 ( 410 Pte. Arthur Baxter. 2/9th. Foot. ); officially impressed in thin upright capitals. Light obverse edge bruise and surface marks, otherwise very fine. Sold with copy roll mention confirming this award.

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INDIA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1854-1895, single clasp

Lot 19: INDIA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1854-1895, single clasp

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Description: INDIA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1854-1895, single clasp, Hazara 1888 ( 609 Pte. J . Gammon 1st Bn Suff. R. ); officially engraved in a running script. Lightly toned, suspension pin a little loose, otherwise nearly extremely fine. Private James Gammon was born c.1864 in Freckenham, near Mildenhall, Suffolk, and he attested for service with the Suffolk 12 June 1883, having previous militia experience. He served for over 6 years in India, earning himself the IGS with clasp Hazara 1888, and was discharged 11 June 1895, upon completion of his 12 years with the colours. Sold with copy attestation papers, confirming this as his only award.

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INDIA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1854-1895, single clasp

Lot 20: INDIA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1854-1895, single clasp

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Description: INDIA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1854-1895, single clasp, Chin Lushai 1889-90 ( 1498 Pte. C. Francis, 2nd Madras Infy. ); erased, renamed in what appears to be correct for a WWI period impressed naming. Once cleaned, obverse scratches and heavy reverse graze to edge at 6 o clock, otherwise good fine.

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INDIA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1854-1895, single clasp

Lot 21: INDIA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1854-1895, single clasp

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Description: INDIA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1854-1895, single clasp, Hazara 1891 ( 3003 Pte T Giggle Bedfordshire Regt ); erased but possibly officially renamed in a typical running script. Toned, about very fine. Sold with copy roll mention confirming this award to a Private Thomas Giggle, 1st Bn Bedfordshire Regiment, as well as his entitlement to a QSA and KSA.

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INDIA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1854-1895, single clasp

Lot 22: INDIA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1854-1895, single clasp

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Description: INDIA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1854-1895, single clasp, Hazara 1891 ( 3010 Pte. T. Smith. 2nd Seaforth Hdrs ); erased and renamed in tidy contemporary capitals. Lightly toned and a little polished, otherwise bold very fine. Sold with copy roll mention confirming this award to Private Thomas Smith, and also his additional entitlement to a QSA, single clasp.

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BALTIC MEDAL, 1854-1855 ; contemporary engraved naming

Lot 23: BALTIC MEDAL, 1854-1855 ; contemporary engraved naming

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Description: BALTIC MEDAL, 1854-1855 ( T. Holderness, Ord. 2 Cl. H.M. _ Cornwallis ); contemporary engraved naming. Lightly toned, minor edge bruise at 8 o clock, nearly very fine. Ordinary Seaman Thomas Holderness, of Kirkham, Lancashire, appears to have been discharged from HMS Waterloo at Sheerness 13 August 1856, and had previously worked as a Carpenter. Sold with copy discharge entry, and copy detailed article Shed a Tear for the Old Cornwallis by Lew Darlington, explaining this history and background of this vessel.

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A Crimean War Pair awarded to Private Richard Smith, 1st Battalion

Lot 24: A Crimean War Pair awarded to Private Richard Smith, 1st Battalion

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Description: A Crimean War Pair awarded to Private Richard Smith, 1st Battalion, Rifle Brigade , comprising: Crimea Medal, 1854-1856, single clasp, Sebastopol (Pte. R. Smith, 1st Bn. Rifle Bde), Turkish Crimea Medal, 1855, Sardinian Issue; the first engraved in upright capitals, the latter unnamed as issued. Pair with dark tone, a few tiny marks and running to Bde of naming, otherwise very fine. (2) Sold with copy roll mention confirming this award to Private Richard Smith, his name unique as an R. Smith in the 1st Battalion, Rifle Brigade.

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A Crimean War and Indian Mutiny Pair awarded to Private Henry Campbell

Lot 25: A Crimean War and Indian Mutiny Pair awarded to Private Henry Campbell

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Description: A Crimean War and Indian Mutiny Pair awarded to Private Henry Campbell, 3rd Bengal European Regiment, comprising: Crimea Medal, 1854-1856, no clasp, Indian Mutiny Medal, 1856-1858, no clasp (Hy Campbell. 3rd Bengl. Eurpn. Re[gt]); the first unnamed, the second officially impressed, pair mounted with miniature Indian Mutiny Medal, and framed for display. Toned, light contact marks to both and occasional edge nicks, bold fine. (3)

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CRIMEA MEDAL, 1854-1856, 4 clasps, Alma, Balaklava, Inkermann

Lot 26: CRIMEA MEDAL, 1854-1856, 4 clasps, Alma, Balaklava, Inkermann

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Description: CRIMEA MEDAL, 1854-1856, 4 clasps, Alma, Balaklava, Inkermann, Sebastopol ( J. Pass. Coldstream Gds.); officially impressed, with potentially its original ribbon. Attractive old tone, just a few tiny hairlines, otherwise extremely fine. Private Joseph Pass of the 1st Battalion Coldstream Guards, is recorded as having been killed in action 19 August 1855 , during one of the minor actions in the latter stages of the bombardment of Sebastopol, probably during time in the trenches there. Sold with copy roll mentions confirming this award.

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CRIMEA MEDAL, 1854-1856, single clasp, Sebastopol ; officially impressed

Lot 27: CRIMEA MEDAL, 1854-1856, single clasp, Sebastopol ; officially impressed

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Description: CRIMEA MEDAL, 1854-1856, single clasp, Sebastopol ( W. Earl. 33rd Regt. ); officially impressed. Lightly toned, one or two edge bruises, clasp loose on ribbon, otherwise very fine. Private William Earl was born c.1837 in Wigston near Leicester, and attested for service with the 33rd (Duke of Wellington s West Ridings) Regiment 23 May 1854, at Leicester, having previously worked as a Labourer. He served in the Crimean War for one year only, prior to subsequent discharge as the result of a growing tumour. Sold with copy discharge papers and roll mention confirming this award.

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An Indian Mutiny LSGC Pair awarded to Sergeant James Morrison, 75th Foot

Lot 28: An Indian Mutiny LSGC Pair awarded to Sergeant James Morrison, 75th Foot

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Description: An Indian Mutiny LSGC Pair awarded to Sergeant James Morrison, 75th (Stirlingshire) Foot , comprising: Indian Mutiny Medal, 1857-1858, single clasp, Delhi (Corpl. Jas. Morrison, 75th Regt.), Army Long Service and Good Conduct Medal, VR, 2nd type (1822 Serjt. James Morrison 75th Foot); medals officially impressed, naming a little worn in parts, pair loose. Toned, surface marks throughout and suspensions a touch loose, first about fine, the second a good fine. (2) James Morrison was born c.1825 in Bristol, Gloucester and enlisted for service with the 75th Foot at Plymouth 19 August 1843, having previously worked as a Musician. He served for 25 years with the colours, and later enlisted into the 3rd (Militia) Battalion of the Suffolk Regiment to serve an additional 18 years. He was discharged in 1887 on account of old age after serving her majesty for more than 43 years. His LSGC was recommended 16 August 1866 and was issued 2 October 1866. He later resided at Fornham All Saints, near Bury St Edmunds. Sold with copy discharge and militia papers.

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INDIAN MUTINY MEDAL, 1857-1858, 2 clasps, Lucknow

Lot 29: INDIAN MUTINY MEDAL, 1857-1858, 2 clasps, Lucknow

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Description: INDIAN MUTINY MEDAL, 1857-1858, 2 clasps, Lucknow, Relief of Lucknow ( Hy McLeod, 93rd Highlanders ); officially impressed. Once cleaned with a few light marks, suspension just a little loose, otherwise very fine and scarce. The 93rd (Sutherland Highlanders) fought with great distinction in the Crimean War at Balaklava, having formed the famous Thin Red Line against the oncoming Russian cavalry. During the Indian Mutiny, they continued to maintain this prestige, during the Relief of Lucknow. During the Indian Mutiny 7 VCs were awarded to the 93rd. Sold with copy medal roll mention, confirming this award to 2285 Private Henry McLeod, 93rd Highlanders, and his prior entitlement for service in the Crimea.

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INDIAN MUTINY MEDAL, 1857-1858, 2 clasps, Lucknow, Delhi ; officially impressed

Lot 30: INDIAN MUTINY MEDAL, 1857-1858, 2 clasps, Lucknow, Delhi ; officially impressed

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Description: INDIAN MUTINY MEDAL, 1857-1858, 2 clasps, Lucknow, Delhi ( Gunr Jas Calderwood, 1st Bde Bengl H. Art. ); officially impressed. A few light marks and tiny edge nicks, otherwise nearly extremely fine.

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INDIAN MUTINY MEDAL, 1857-1858, single clasp, Delhi ; officially impressed

Lot 31: INDIAN MUTINY MEDAL, 1857-1858, single clasp, Delhi ; officially impressed

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Description: INDIAN MUTINY MEDAL, 1857-1858, single clasp, Delhi ( Alfd. Savage, 75th Regt. ); officially impressed. Dark cabinet tone, pleasing extremely fine with some lustre. ex Dalrymple White Collection, Glendinings 1946 Alfred Savage was born c.1830 in St Margaret s, Ipswich, Suffolk, and enlisted for service with the 75th Foot at Rochester, Kent 17 January 1852, having previously worked as a Shoemaker. He served 9 years and 226 days before being discharged as unfit for further service. He served in No 2. Coy during the siege of Delhi and received 1 share of the prize money which amounted to 86 Rupees. He was promoted to Corporal 1 April 1852, but after being absent without leave two years later he was in confinement for two weeks and subsequently demoted back to Private. He was promoted again in 1858 but was once again imprisoned and demoted, and ultimately discharged 10 December 1861. He was reported to have died in August 1864. Sold with copy of discharge papers.

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INDIAN MUTINY MEDAL, 1857-1858, single clasp, Lucknow ; officially impressed

Lot 32: INDIAN MUTINY MEDAL, 1857-1858, single clasp, Lucknow ; officially impressed

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Description: INDIAN MUTINY MEDAL, 1857-1858, single clasp, Lucknow ( John Balmain, 79th Highlanders ); officially impressed. Lightly toned, one or two tiny marks, otherwise good very fine and a desirable award to a piper. Piper John Balmain enlisted for service with the Cameron Highlanders at Dunfermline, Scotland, 18 December 1847, at the age of 22. He served in the Crimean Campaign, being awarded a Crimea medal with 2 clasps for Balaklava and Sebastopol. After a short return to home service in Britain, he continued to serve in the Indian Mutiny, being present in the operations in and around Lucknow and its famous siege. The medal rolls for the 79th Foot appear to confirm him as 2717 Piper John Balmain, although he is not listed in Pipers of the Highland Regiment by Crawford. In the remarks column of one particular roll mention, it notes him as having Died - 5th May 1858 , however the Historical Records of the 79th Cameron Highlanders by Mackenzie records that in the approach to Bareilly the 79th had Privates John Balmain and Alexander Thomson killed, and two men wounded which appears to confirm him as being killed in action, but without noting his appointment as Piper. Sold with copy roll mentions, previous summary of service as outlined by a private researcher, and extract as above.

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INDIAN MUTINY MEDAL, 1857-1858, no clasp ; erased and renamed in attractive...

Lot 33: INDIAN MUTINY MEDAL, 1857-1858, no clasp ; erased and renamed in attractive...

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Description: INDIAN MUTINY MEDAL, 1857-1858, no clasp ( William Napp, 43rd Light Infantry ); erased and renamed in attractive upright capitals. Suspension damaged and once repaired, about fine. This name does not appear to be present on the medal roll for the Indian Mutiny.

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INDIAN MUTINY MEDAL, 1857-1858, single clasp

Lot 34: INDIAN MUTINY MEDAL, 1857-1858, single clasp

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Description: INDIAN MUTINY MEDAL, 1857-1858, single clasp, Central India ( Gunner John Lyons, D Cy 3rd Bn Artillery ); officially impressed. Once cleaned, heavy scratch to neck of portrait, about very fine.

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SECOND CHINA WAR MEDAL, 1857-1860, single clasp

Lot 35: SECOND CHINA WAR MEDAL, 1857-1860, single clasp

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Description: SECOND CHINA WAR MEDAL, 1857-1860, single clasp, Taku Forts 1860 ( Benjn Basford. 44th Regt ); officially impressed. Small obverse edge bruises, otherwise good very fine. Drummer Benjamin Basford was born c.1838 in Braintree, Essex, and enlisted for service as a Private with the 44th (Essex) Regiment at Chelmsford 12 October 1857, having previously worked as a Blacksmith. He had previous experience with the West Essex Militia, with whom he enrolled in 1855. He served for 1 year and 9 months in China, during which he was present at the action of Taku Forts, 1860. He continued to serve in the East Indies for a further 5 years and 10 months, but was discharged on medical grounds 5 October 1867. Sold with copy discharge papers, which confirm this as his only entitlement.

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NEW ZEALAND MEDAL, 1860-1866, reverse dated 1861 to 1866 ; officially impressed

Lot 36: NEW ZEALAND MEDAL, 1860-1866, reverse dated 1861 to 1866 ; officially impressed

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Description: NEW ZEALAND MEDAL, 1860-1866, reverse dated 1861 to 1866 ( 1536. Timty. Lawlor, 2nd Bn. 14th Regt. ); officially impressed. Lightly toned, gently polished with light surface hairlines, good very fine. Sold with copy of original roll mention, confirming the above award to Timothy Lawlor, who was discharged at Melbourne in March 1870. Also sold with some useful printed extracts concerning the activities of the 14th Foot.

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CANADA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1866-1870, single clasp

Lot 37: CANADA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1866-1870, single clasp

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Description: CANADA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1866-1870, single clasp, Fenian Raid 1866 ( 48. Cr: Sgt D. H. Macdonald. 4/R.B. ); officially engraved in tidy upright capitals. A few light hairlines and nick to edge by rank, otherwise extremely fine . Colour Sergeant Donald Henry McDonald was born c.1832 at St Peter s Port on the Isle of Guernsey, and initially attested for service with the Scots Fusilier Guards 5 November 1850, having previously worked as a Rose Engine Turner . He served in the Crimean War, earning himself the Crimea and Turkish Crimea Medals before transferring into the 4th Battalion Rifle Brigade as a Corporal in 1857. He continued to serve with the Rifle Brigade for a further 14 years, including some 2 and a half years in Canada, during which he took part in the British struggle to repel the Fenian forces entering Canada from the northern US. He was discharged 11 March 1873 after over 22 years with the colours, and his papers clearly show a trend towards heavy drinking - on three occasions he rose into the NCO ranks of Corporal/Sergeant, before each time being reduced to Private as the result of being drunk or disgraceful behaviour . 175 single clasp medals were awarded to the 4th Battalion Rifle Brigade for the Fenian Raid of 1866. Sold with copy discharge papers.

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CANADA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1866-1870, single clasp

Lot 38: CANADA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1866-1870, single clasp

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Description: CANADA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1866-1870, single clasp, Fenian Raid 1870 ( Pte. J. Smith 55th Bn.); officially impressed. Lightly toned, a few light marks and hairlines, good very fine. Private James Smith served with the 55th Battalion Megantic Infantry against the Fenian Raids of 1870. This seemingly common name is, surprisingly, unique for this battalion. Sold with copy of original roll mention, confirming this award.

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CANADA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1866-1870, single clasp

Lot 39: CANADA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1866-1870, single clasp

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Description: CANADA GENERAL SERVICE MEDAL, 1866-1870, single clasp, Fenian Raid 1870 ( Pte. J. Bronsard. 70th Battalion. ); officially impressed. Lightly polished, good very fine. ex Dixon s Medals Sold with copy correspondence from private researcher in Canada confirming his entitlement, and late issue of this medal.

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ABYSSINIA MEDAL, 1867-1868 ; reverse officially named as struck

Lot 40: ABYSSINIA MEDAL, 1867-1868 ; reverse officially named as struck

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Description: ABYSSINIA MEDAL, 1867-1868 ( W. J. Whitehead A.B. H.M.S. Nymphe ); reverse officially named as struck. Extremely fine . Able Seaman William John Whitehead was born 15 October 1848 in St Pancras London, and entered into the Royal Navy as a Boy 2nd Class 16 March 1863, volunteering for continuous service 15 October 1866. He was present aboard HMS Nymphe during the Abyssinia Campaign of 1867-1868. This vessel was one of a number of ships which contributed sailors towards a Naval Brigade which went ashore to provide assistance. Sold with copy service papers, and some useful copy research.

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ABYSSINIA MEDAL, 1867-1868 ; reverse officially named as struck

Lot 41: ABYSSINIA MEDAL, 1867-1868 ; reverse officially named as struck

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Description: ABYSSINIA MEDAL, 1867-1868 ( J. J. Carr. A B. H.M.S. Octavia ); reverse officially named as struck. Toned, tiny scratch to field and two small edge bumps, bold very fine.

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A Zulu War and Long Service Pair awarded to Private Henry Wareham

Lot 42: A Zulu War and Long Service Pair awarded to Private Henry Wareham

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Description: A Zulu War and Long Service Pair awarded to Private Henry Wareham, 3rd Battalion, 60th Foot , comprising: South Africa Medal, 1877-1879, single clasp, 1879 (2402 Pte. H. Wareham. 3/60th Foot.), Army Long Service and Good Conduct Medal, VR, 2nd type (2402. Pte. H. Wareham. K. R. Rif: C.); pair officially engraved, the first in large upright capitals, the second in typical sloping capitals, medals loose. Lightly toned, extremely fine. (2) Private Henry Wareham was born c.1848 in Gunville, Dorset, and enlisted for service with the 60th Foot at Winchester 7 June 1866, having previously worked as a Labourer. He served for over 21 years with the Colours, including over 3 years spent in South Africa during the Zulu War. He went on to serve in Egypt, and has an additional entitlement to an Egypt Medal and Khedive s Star. He was discharged from Army service 12 July 1887. Sold with copy roll mentions and enlistment papers confirming the above awards.

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An Emotive Zulu War Casualty Medal awarded to Private John Jones, 'H' Company

Lot 43: An Emotive Zulu War Casualty Medal awarded to Private John Jones, 'H' Company

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Description: An Emotive Zulu War Casualty Medal awarded to Private John Jones, H Company, 1st/24th (Warwickshire) Foot, killed in action at Isandhlwana on the 22nd of January, 1879 , comprising: South Africa Medal, 1877-1879, single clasp, 1879 (360. Pte. J. Jones. 1/24th Foot); officially engraved in sloping capitals. Attractively toned, a little wear to high points, about extremely fine. ex DNW auction, 7 December 2005, lot 573, £4500 hammer Private John Jones was born in 1850, and enlisted into the 1st Battalion, 24th Foot at Cardiff, Glamorgan, 8 July 1874, strongly suggesting his Welsh roots. The 1st/24th Foot arrived in South Africa from Gibraltar 2 January 1875. According to the Muster Rolls held in the National Archives (WO16/1573), Jones served in Captain Wardell s H Company which was detached to garrison duty on St Helena between August 1876 and July 1877. The musters indicate that Jones - like many other soldiers at the time - over-indulged in alcohol, and there are frequent references in the musters of him (amongst many others) being fined for drunkenness. On completion of its posting to St Helena, H Company rejoined the battalion in South Africa which sailed from Cape Town on 3 August on the troopship HMS Orontes , arriving in East London on the 7th of August 1877. From East London the battalion moved by train to King Williamstown. Having committed an as yet unknown crime of some sort, presumably relating to drunkenness given prior form, he was tried 26 October 1877 and, after the sentence was passed, held in a military prison until the 4 February 1878. As such, Jones played no part in the contribution made by 1st /24th Foot during the Galeka/Gaika War of 1877 - 1878. Loss of the musters at Isandhlwana makes it impossible to make any judgements about Jones personal story during the time between his release from prison and the crossing of the Zulu border. However, following the logical assumption that he would have rejoined his old colleagues in H Company - which continued to be commanded by Wardell - then as part of the military build-up in Natal he would have sailed from East London on 25 November 1878, landing at Durban and then moving by train to Pietermaritzburg on 28 November 1878. H Company moved to Helpmakaar in December 1878 and was one of the first elements across the Zulu border on 11 January 1879. At the Battle of Isandhlwana H Company fought towards the centre-right of the line, facing north-east and towards the Zulu head , with Porteous A Company to its left, and Pope s G Company (2nd /24th Foot) to the right. H Company had a good firing position, but as has been well documented, the defence was over-extended. H Company s position became untenable, possibly accelerated by Pope s move to cover Durnford s retreat. As the line retreated to the camp, the Zulu s broke through and H Company was cut to pieces. Wardell and about 60 others fell in one of many desperate last stands near the camp. At some point during the chaos of the battle, 360 Private John Jones was killed, after a short and clearly chequered military career - finally doing his duty in full. According to Norman Holme s The Noble 24th , Jones effects were claimed by his brothers. Sold with copy extracts from the numerous books and medal rolls relating to Isandhlwana, and some very useful private research.

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A Rare Isandhlwana Casualty Medal awarded to Sergeant William Allen

Lot 44: A Rare Isandhlwana Casualty Medal awarded to Sergeant William Allen

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Description: A Rare Isandhlwana Casualty Medal awarded to Sergeant William Allen, Natal Native Contingent, killed in action of on the 26th January, 1879, comprising: South Africa Medal, 1879, single clasp, 1879 (Sergt. W. Allen. Natal Native Contgt.); officially engraved in slanting capitals. Lovely old cabinet tone, small graffiti or pawnbroker s marks to edge near suspension, otherwise practically mint state with plenty of underlying lustre. ex Private Collection, Pietermaritzburg, Kwa Zulu Natal, South Africa The Natal Native Contingent was created in 1878 and drawn largely from members of the Basuto and Mponzo tribes, who had regular fighting experience against Zulu forces. They fought with tribal uniforms and weapons much like those of the enemy but for the exception of a small red band around their head to designate their allegiance. They were also issued with British rifles and muskets, but only in sufficient numbers for 1 man in 10. This force was trained and led largely by white officers and NCOs such as Sergeant William Allen: The non-coms were a motley crowd, a few of them old soldiers and ex-clerks, the majority of them runaway sailors, ex-marines, and East London boatmen. They were an awful tough crowd, but they looked a hard-fighting lot and though their language was strong, and they were evidently very rough, they looked also very ready, and I afterwards found that most of them did not belie their looks... (Hamilton-Browne, A Lost Legionary) At Isandhlwana, under the command of Brevet Colonel Anthony Durnford, the 2nd Battallion and 3rd Battalions of the 3rd Regiment NNC under the command of Commandant Lonsdale are believed to have been positioned at the centre-left of the British position, facing the Chest of the Zulu attack between the Nqutu ridge and Conical Hill, however despite their strong resistance they were overrun. It should be pointed out that the NNC were quite unsuited to a Western style of battle drawn up in lines, but rather were originally intended to fight as skirmishers and scouts. Nonetheless, a reported 74 officers and NCOs and an estimated 300-400 soldiers of the NNC died during the fighting at Isandhlwana, which would seem to dispel the various accusations of cowardice which were a feature of some contemporary reports. Such negative mentions could easily be put down to the need to apportion blame after a very heavy British defeat, as once the battle was all but lost, both British and NNC soldiers alike are known to have fled for their lives. At the time much of the blame for the loss was laid on Durnford, who died at the battle and was thus unable to defend his version of events, and in turn some blame inevitably fell upon the NNC. Various inconsistencies appear to exist in the currently available medal rolls and casualty rolls for Isandhlwana concerning recipients of the name Allen in the Natal Native Contingent, most easily summarised as follows: 1) Sergeant J Allen, 2nd Battalion, 3rd Regiment NNC (original on William Bellair s contemporary Casualty List) 2) Corporal W Allen, 2nd Battalion, 3rd Regiment NNC (original on William Bellair s contemporary Casualty List; with additional detail William Lawson Allen given in For God Queen & Colony by T. Sole) 3) Sergeant W. Allen, 3rd Battalion, 3rd Regiment NNC (as shown in Forgotten Heroes - Zulu & Basuto Wars by R. Dutton) To date, the debate has largely centred on the premise that Corporal W Allen and Sergeant W Allen are indeed one and the same person, shown as an example of double-counting. The recent discovery of a family headstone regarding a man of this specific name however, appears to shed some important light on the topic. The headstone, in the village of St Teath, Cornwall, reads: William Henry Hoskin Allen, of this parish, who fell at the battle of Isandhlwana, South Africa, 22 January 1879, in his 24th year. The headstone also shows the name of his brother Giles in a lower section, who died during a mining accident. This reliable source allows us to refine our knowledge of one recipient to be, beyond reasonable doubt, William Henry Hoskin Allen, born c.1854-1855 in St Teath Cornwall, the son of Christopher Male Allen, a quarryman, and Catherine Allen (née Hoskin), elder brother of Giles Allen. Provided that the information in Terry Sole s Book For God Queen & Country refers to a reliable medal roll or archival source, which presumably it must, this would seem to confirm the existence of both Corporal William Lawson Allen, 2nd/3rd NNC, and this present medal to Sergeant William Henry Hoskin Allen, 3rd/3rd NNC, thus clarifying the status of both awards. Given these facts, the extant information appears to confirm the recipient of this particular medal as Sergeant William Henry Hoskin Allen, 3rd Battalion, 3rd Regiment, NNC. Sold with detailed genealogical research and excerpts from the various books and publications mentioned above. Worthy of further research.

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SOUTH AFRICA MEDAL, 1877-1879, no clasp ; officially engraved in slanting...

Lot 45: SOUTH AFRICA MEDAL, 1877-1879, no clasp ; officially engraved in slanting...

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Description: SOUTH AFRICA MEDAL, 1877-1879, no clasp ( W. Hancock, P.O. 1Cl: H.M.S Tamar ); officially engraved in slanting capitals. Lightly toned, good very fine. Sold with copy of medal roll mention confirming this award.

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A Second Afghan War Pair awarded to Private Ambrose Smith, 2nd Battalion

Lot 46: A Second Afghan War Pair awarded to Private Ambrose Smith, 2nd Battalion

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Description: A Second Afghan War Pair awarded to Private Ambrose Smith, 2nd Battalion, 60th (King s Royal Rifles Corps) Foot, comprising: Afghanistan Medal, 1878-1880, 2 clasps, Ahmed Khel, Kandahar (60/369 Pte. A. Smith. 2/60th. Foot.), Kabul to Kandahar Star, 1880; the first officially engraved in sloping capitals, the second officially impressed; pair loose. First just a little pitted, the second with small area of verdigris, otherwise pair about very fine. (2) Sold with copy of medal roll mention confirming this two clasp award.

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AFGHANISTAN MEDAL, 1878-1880, 2 clasps, Charasia

Lot 47: AFGHANISTAN MEDAL, 1878-1880, 2 clasps, Charasia

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Description: AFGHANISTAN MEDAL, 1878-1880, 2 clasps, Charasia, Kabul ( 58B/395 Pte. T. Murray. 72nd. Highrs ); officially engraved in slanting capitals. Lightly toned, light surface marks and slight pitting, nearly very fine. Sold with copy of original roll, confirming this 2 clasp entitlement to Private Thomas Murray.

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AFGHANISTAN MEDAL, 1878-80, single clasp, Ahmed Khel ; officially engraved...

Lot 48: AFGHANISTAN MEDAL, 1878-80, single clasp, Ahmed Khel ; officially engraved...

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Description: AFGHANISTAN MEDAL, 1878-80, single clasp, Ahmed Khel ( 145. Pte M. McMaster. 59th Foot. ); officially engraved in slanting capitals. Toned, just a few light hairlines and tiny reverse edge bruise, otherwise extremely fine.

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An Emotive Maiwand Casualty Medal, awarded to Private William James, 66th Foot

Lot 49: An Emotive Maiwand Casualty Medal, awarded to Private William James, 66th Foot

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Description: An Emotive Maiwand Casualty Medal, awarded to Private William James, 66th (Berkshire) Foot, killed in action at Maiwand on the 27th of July 1880, comprising: Afghanistan Medal, 1878-1880, no clasp (B/498. Pte W. James. 66th Foot.); officially engraved in sloping capitals. Toned, nearly extremely fine. Private William James originally enlisted into the 49th (Hertfordshire) Regiment 21 December 1876, which itself was part of the 41st Brigade, prior to its amalgamation with the 66th (Berkshire) Regiment as part of the Cardwell reforms of 1878. He served with the new 66th (Berkshire) Regiment in 1876 in Afghanistan, and was present with this regiment during the Second Afghan War of 1878-80, where he was killed in action at Maiwand 27 July 1880 . During the Battle of Maiwand, two brigades under the command of Brigadier General George Burrows were confronted by a huge force of roughly 25,000 Afghan warriors under Ayub Khan, in and around the surrounding hillsides - a ratio of nearly 10 to 1. Following a number of earlier victories in this campaign, the British & Indian forces were marched by the inexperienced Burrows into a, hot, exposed mountain pass, lacking supplies of water and food, and were here to suffer a disastrous and iconic defeat. Some 969 British and Indian soldiers killed and 177 wounded at Maiwand, yet their defeat came at a huge cost to the Afghan forces, who suffered the loss of a reported 2050 - 2750 soldiers killed in action, and roughly 1500 wounded in the process (or roughly 4 Afghan casualties for each British/Indian casualty). During the battle, following a long artillery duel the 66th Foot became exposed when Indian troops of the Bombay Grenadiers and Jacob s Rifles to their left began to be overrun by the countless Afghan tribesmen. Now attacked from three sides, the 66th Foot, the backbone of the British position on the right, also became overwhelmed by the Afghan attack, attempting to withdraw towards the settlement of Khig under cover of the guns of E-Battery, who in turn also fled at the very last moment. A number of survivors of the 66th withdrew from the carnage in a number of desperate Last Stand encounters, fighting until out of ammunition, and then with sword and bayonet, to the last. One Afghan soldier reported the following: "These men charged from the shelter of a garden and died with their faces to the enemy, fighting to the death. So fierce was their charge, and so brave their actions, no Afghan dared to approach to cut them down. So, standing in the open, back to back, firing steadily, every shot counting, surrounded by thousands, these British soldiers died. It was not until the last man was shot down that the Afghans dared to advance on them. The behaviour of those last eleven was the wonder of all who saw it". Sold with copy of original roll mention, a short letter from the Royal Gloucester, Berkshire & Wiltshire Regiment Museum, and some useful research.

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A Scarce Maiwand Survivor's Afghanistan Medal awarded to Farrier-Sergeant...

Lot 50: A Scarce Maiwand Survivor's Afghanistan Medal awarded to Farrier-Sergeant...

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Description: A Scarce Maiwand Survivor s Afghanistan Medal awarded to Farrier-Sergeant Frederick Kirkby, E Battery, Royal Horse Artillery, a Senior NCO during this major British defeat, he managed to escape with his life through the battle itself, the 45-mile retreat to Kandahar, and then the city s subsequent siege , comprising: Afghanistan Medal, 1878-1880, single clasp, Kandahar (4346, Farr: Sgt. F. Kirkby, E. Batt: B. Bde. R. H. A.); officially engraved in sloping capitals. Lightly toned, a few very light hairlines from gentle polishing, one or two tiny nicks, good very fine. ex DNW auction, 17-18 September 2009, lot 777 Frederick Kirkby was born c.1849 in Bury, Lancashire, and enlisted for service with the Royal Horse Artillery in 1870, at the age of roughly 21. He served in the Second Afghan War, and was present at Maiwand on the 27 July 1880, as part of E Battery, B Brigade, of the Royal Horse Artillery. Given that his unit required horses to pull the guns, and a host of Mules, Donkeys and Camels were also required for transport and baggage, the role of Farrier-Sergeant was one of some importance in maintaining the health of the animals. His unit served with distinction during this battle, suffering the loss of two officers and nineteen other ranks killed, with two further officers and fourteen other ranks wounded. Despite the relentless attack of the Afghan warriors, E Battery managed to save all but two of its guns, and managed to keep discipline in the confusion as the infantry of the 66th Berkshires and supporting units of the Bombay Grenadiers and Jacobs Rifles were gradually overwhelmed. Frederick Kirkby was the senior Farrier present during this incident, serving directly under Veterinary Surgeon George Oliver. His junior colleague, Shoeing-Smith G Walker was killed in action, so it stands to reason that Farrier-Sergeant Kirkby was also very much amongst the action, where two VCs and eight DCMs were gained by E Battery. Having survived the arduous 45-mile retreat to Kandahar, largely without any water, he would have also been present during its siege and the Battle of Kandahar 1 September 1880. Subsequent to his military service and discharge 13 May 1882, census information shows that he returned to his home in the North-West, continuing work as a Gentleman - Farrier into old age in Oldham, with his wife Ellen Kirkby (née Bond), whom he had met in Bombay in 1879. He died in late November 1921, being buried at the Crompton Cemetery, at the age of 71, having been residing at Clough House in Shaw, near Rochdale. Sold with a small file of research, including summary page, two relevant articles by Richard J Stacpoole-Ryding including Transport & Veterinary Services at Maiwand which mentions Kirkby by name, and some detailed genealogical research.

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