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Auction Description for Alexander Autographs: September 2013 Auction, Part II
Viewing Notes:
At our offices by appointment.

September 2013 Auction, Part II

(680 Lots)

by Alexander Historical Auctions | Alexander Autographs


680 lots with images

September 11, 2013

Live Auction

98 Bohemia Avenue

Chesapeake City, MD, 21915 USA

Phone: 203-276-1570

Fax: 203-883-1483

Email: sales@alexautographs.com

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BENJAMIN FRANKLIN

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Description: BENJAMIN FRANKLIN (1706 - 1790) American statesman, inventor, and author, Signer of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. Fine D.S. "B. Franklin" as President of the Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 1p. folio parchment, Philadelphia, May 30, 1786. Franklin grants to Edward Burd a 300 acre tract of land named "Laurel Grove" located on the northwest bank of the Alleghany River in Westmoreland County. Boldly signed by Franklin beneath the blind-embossed seal of the State of Pennsylvania. Typical folds, four or five very scattered pinhead-sized holes in blank areas mentioned only for accuracy, else very good. Matted with an engraving and framed.

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BENJAMIN FRANKLIN RECEIVES THE HONORS OF THE COURT OF FRANCE

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Description: BENJAMIN FRANKLIN RECEIVES THE HONORS OF THE COURT OF FRANCE Scarce hand-colored engraving, Franklin at the Court of France, 1778. Engraved by W.O. Geller of London after Baron Jolly, Brussels, copyright by William Jay, Charles Hardenberg and William H. Emerson, [Philadelphia], [1853]. This exceptional, oversize print shows the newly arrived American minister Franklin in simple Quaker dress (as opposed to the finery of the courtiers), receiving a laurel leaf from the hands of Diane, Countess de Polignac. He joins 16 prominent members of the court including King Louis XVI, Marie Antionette, the Comte de Vergennes (a signatory with Franklin of the crucial treaty of alliance), Duchesse Jules de Polignac, Princesse Lamballe, Mme. Campan, and a host of counts, countesses and ladies-in-waiting. The occasion depicted is the celebration of the Fedb. 16, 1778 signing of the long-awaited Treaty of Alliance and Commerce which authorized overt French assistance to the beleagured American colonies in their war against Britain. There is a minor abrasion to Franklin's fave and a 2" crease at the top margin, light overall toning, else in very good condition. Laid to a this canvas backing.

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JOHN PAUL JONES

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Description: JOHN PAUL JONES (1747 - 1792) Continental Navy officer who took the war to the enemy's homeland with daring raids along the British coast and the famous victory of his Bonhomme Richard over HMS Serapis. After the Bonhomme Richard began taking on water and fires broke out on board, the British commander asked Jones if he had struck his flag. Jones replied, "I have not yet begun to fight!" In the end, of course, it was the British commander who surrendered. Very rare subscription and signature: Your very Obliged Very Humble Servant Jno. P. Jones" on a 3 1/4" x 1 1/4" (sight) section removed from a letter. Tastefully matted with a 5 1/2" x 7" steel engraving of the great naval hero, a bronze coin commemorating the battle, and a photo of the latest Navy's USS JOHN PAUL JONES. Very good condition.

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JOHN HANCOCK

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Description: JOHN HANCOCK (1737-1793) American Revolutionary politician and first signer of the Declaration of Independence, President of the Continental Congress and two-time Governor of Massachusetts. Historic 1776 D.S. "John Hancock" as President of the Continental Congress, 1p. 15 1/8" x 9 7/8", Philadelphia, Aug. 20, 1776, an historic naval appointment of the captain who would command the first American naval ship to engage the enemy! The commission reads, in part: "Joseph Olney Esquire We reposing special Trust and Confidence in your Patriotism, Valour, Conduct and Fidelity, DO by these Presents, constitute and appoint you to be Captain of the Armed Brig called the Cabbot in the service of the Thirteen United Colonies of North-America, fitted out for the Defence of American Liberty, and for repelling every hostile Invasion thereof...". Co-signed by CHARLES THOMSON (1729-1824) as Secretary of the Continental Congress. Multiple folds with some splits thereat, some bearing slight paper loss particularly at fold junctions yet not affecting signatures nor seriously detracting from this important document. JOSEPH OLNEY (1737-1814) was born at Providence, Rhode Island, July 14, 1737 and died at Hudson, New York, in 1814. He belonged to a family long identified with Providence, several of whom held important commissions during the Revolutionary War. Captain Olney had been a seafaring man prior to the outbreak of the Revolution, and in 1775 was commissioned by the Continental Congress second lieutenant in the infant navy. On April 6, 1776 the Cabot had engaged the HMS Glasgow off Block Island, New York. While negotiations were underway, a Marine high in the rigging of the Cabot dropped a grenade at the feet of a British officer, thus making the Cabot the first American vessel to militarily engage the enemy. The Glasgow responded with a broadside, wounding Esek Hopkins and killing his son John, the Cabot's master. In all likelihood, Olney was aboard the vessel at the time. In August, Olney (here) is appointed the brig's master. Under his command, the vessel seized six prizes off New England until it encountered the HMS Milford in late March, 1777. The vastly more powerful British ship chased the Cabot and forced her ashore in Nova Scotia where the Cabot was captured. Olney was later given command of the "Queen of France", a frigate purchased in France by Benjamin Franklin and Silas Deane. On Apr. 6, 1779 Olney took eight prizes off Virginia and returned to Boston a hero. He later was one of the committee appointed by Congress to select uniforms for the officers and men of the American navy in March, 1777.

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JOHN HANCOCK

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Description: JOHN HANCOCK (1737-1793) American Revolutionary politician and first signer of the Declaration of Independence, President of the Continental Congress and two-time Governor of Massachusetts. Fine partly-printed D.S. "John Hancock" as Governor of Massachusetts, 1p. sm. folio, Boston, Sep. 25, 1789, being the promotion of Hutchins Hapgood to the rank of: "Lieutenant of a Company in the third Regiment, second Brigade...of the militia of this Commonwealth comprehending the County of Worcester...". Boldly signed by Hancock at left beneath the blind-embossed paper seal. Three tiny holes at fold junctions do not detract from this document which is otherwise very good and beautifully matted in pale blue velvet with gold trim and with a delicately carved gilt wood frame.

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PATRICK HENRY

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Description: PATRICK HENRY (1736 - 1799) American Revolutionary leader, with Jefferson and Lee initiated the Committee of Correspondence, member of the Continental Congress, remembered for his famous quote "Give me liberty, or give me death!" Partly-printed D.S. "P. Henry" as Governor of Virginia, 1p. oblong folio, Richmond, Sept. 1, 1785, a land grant of 395 acres to Cornelius Carmack. Heavy folds with some minor loss at fold junctions and some seams split, but signature is bold and totally unaffected.

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WASHINGTON DRINKS AS THE WAR GRINDS ON...

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Description: WASHINGTON DRINKS AS THE WAR GRINDS ON... CALEB GIBBS(1748-1818) First commander of the Commander-in-Chief's Guard, the unit that protected George Washington during the Revolutionary War. During his command of Washington's "Life Guard" Gibbs was promoted to the rank of Major on July 29, 1778. Fine content A.D.S., 1p. 8vo., "Head Quarters" [West Point], Oct. 4, 1779, in part: "...Received of Col. Jeremiah Wadsworth...1 terce port wine cont'g 42 1/2 gallons for His Excell'cy the Commander in Chief...". Very good. At this point in the war, after coming off defeats on the Connecticut coast and a bayonet massacre of soldiers at Tappan, Washington was settling in for what would be the coldest winter of the 18th century.

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ALEXANDER SCAMMELL

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Description: ALEXANDER SCAMMELL (1744 - 1781) Officer in the Continental Army, fought at Bunker Hill and, as Washington's aide, in the Battle for New York City in 1776; fought at the Battle Saratoga, arrested Charles Lee at Monmouth and supervised the execution of John Andre. Captured by British troops near Yorktown in September 1781 and shot during his surrender. Rare A.L.S. "Alexdr Scammell" 2pp. legal folio, West Point, July 23, 1779, to Naby Bishop, in part: "...It gave me very sensible pain to hear of your misfortune last Winter whereby you was [sic] deprived of partaking in the winter Amusements, but am peculiarly happy in being informed that you have got well again. Tho far distant from you, I sympathize in your felicity or adversity equally the same as if we were connected in the last tender ties. My dear Girl I have wrote you lately a Number of long Letters the last by Col Carlton [sic], but fear neither of them have reached you, as I haven't heard a syllable from you or any of my Mistic friends a number of Months since Esqr Brooks has observed a mortifying Silence. I can't support I am totally forgot by you and my other friends...I must not suppose myself so unhappy. I have repeatedly urged you to consent to make me happy and that I should continue still in the Service. I have urged everything a man could who was seeking after happiness...Generously write me your Consent and I will come to Mistic this Fall...I can't possibly obtain permission for any other terms. I must again repeat my Request that you write every Opportunity to yrs tenderly...". Scammell had been in love with Abigail "Naby" Bishop of Mistic (Medford), Massachusetts; she, however, refused to marry him as long as he continued in the army. It has been said that Alexander Scammell was easy to get along with and that he could approach General Washington ("His Excellency") with a familiarity that no other officer could get away with, so he knew he could get permission to leave his post if Naby said yes. He wrote a number of letters to her over the years, but it is unclear whether she ever returned his affections. Edges a bit ragged, folds and a small hole here and there, overall very good condition. Sold with a fine tinted vintage engraving.

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CLEMENT BIDDLE

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Description: CLEMENT BIDDLE (1740 - 1814) "The Quaker General" organized and led the"Quaker Blues" against the British and fought under Nathanial Greene as well. Manuscript D.S. "Clement Biddle" as notary Public, 1p. 4to., Philadelphia, Apr. 6, 1796, attesting that he had presented a bill in a case surrounding an estate. A few short, clean splits, else very good.

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CLEMENT BIDDLE

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Description: CLEMENT BIDDLE (1740 - 1814) "The Quaker General" organized and led the"Quaker Blues" against the British and fought under Nathanial Greene as well. Manuscript D.S. "Clement Biddle" as notary public, 1p. 4to., Aberdeen, May 31, 1792, attesting that he had presented a bill in a legal case. A few short, clean splits, else very good.

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GEORGE CABOT

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Description: GEORGE CABOT (1752 - 1823) Massachusetts senator who urged rapprochement with Britain during the War of 1812, president of the Hartford Convention. A.L.S. as president of the Hartford Convention, 1p. 4to., Hartford, Dec. 23, 1814 to U.S. Rep Nathaniel Terry (CT) declining Terry's offer of a dinner for the members of the conclave: "...considering the nature & circumstances of the occasion of this meeting..." Toned at margins, else very good.

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STEPHEN DECATUR, SR.

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Description: STEPHEN DECATUR, SR. (1751 - 1808) American naval captain in the Revolutionary War and later in the Quasi-War, the father of Stephen Decatur, Jr. During the American Revolution he commanded the Royal Louis, the Comet, the Retaliation, the Rising Sun, and the Fair American. Manuscript D.S., 1p. folio, Philadelphia, June 25, 1800, an ornate legal document boldly signed at bottom as a witness. Also signed by Pennsylvania statesman CHARLES BIDDLE, (1745–1821). Folds, else fine.

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WILLIAM FIENNES, 1ST VISCOUNT SAYE AND SELE

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Description: WILLIAM FIENNES, 1ST VISCOUNT SAYE AND SELE (1582 - 14 April 1662) was an English nobleman and politician, known also for his involvement in several companies for setting up overseas colonies, including the first substantial colony in Connecticut. Included is the Providence Island Company, as well as a company which obtained a patent for a large tract of land on the Connecticut River. John Winthrop the Younger was appointed governor and established a fort at the mouth of the river, to which they gave the name of "Sayebrook", and sent over a shipload of colonists. Rare partial D.S. "W. Saye & Sele", 1p. 12mo., [n.p.], Dec. 17, 1645, in old english and untranslated. Tipped to another sheet. Large chips at top and bottom costing some text, else very good.

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THOMAS MIFFLIN

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Description: THOMAS MIFFLIN (1744 - 1800) American Revolutionary officer, President of the Continental Congress, major general, and member of the Constitutional Convention. Manuscript D.S. as governor, 1p. folio, Philadelphia, Apr. 28, 1795, a land grant of a tract called "Clearfierld" to one James Cook, signed beneath the seal. Some loss at center fold, folds, else very good.

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AARON OGDEN

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Description: AARON OGDEN (1756 - 1839) American Revolutionary officer who captured a British supply ship and delivered Washington's proposal to exchange Andre for Arnold, fifth governor of New Jersey. A.D.S. 1p. oblong 8vo., Newark, July 2, 1787, a legal writ in his hand boldly signed as clerk at bottom. Very good.

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HE OWNED WASHINGTON'S HEADQUARTERS AT VALLEY FORGE

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Description: HE OWNED WASHINGTON'S HEADQUARTERS AT VALLEY FORGE ISAAC POTTS American Quaker, owner of Washington's headquarters at Valley Forge. It was Potts who witnessed Washington in prayer "to the God of the Armies, beseeching to interpose with his Divine aid, as it was ye Crisis and the cause of the country, of humanity, and of the world....". Rare manuscript D.S. Isaac Potts", 1p. large folio, Chester Co., Pa, May 23, 1793, an indenture concerning a plot of land, signed by Potts as witness, also signed by his relatives Mary and David Potts. Folds and a few wrinkles, signature just the slightest bit lightened, else very good.

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WILLIAMSBURG SUPPLIES RUM TO THE FRENCH ARMY

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Description: WILLIAMSBURG SUPPLIES RUM TO THE FRENCH ARMY Fine war-date Williamsburg, 1p. 8vo., Williamsburg, Va., Mar.8, 1782, a "Return of Spirits for the Waggon Mas'r General's department in the Service of the French Army for the Month March 82", a listing of ten officers and the amount of rum they had drawn during the month, totaling 152 gallons. Near fine.

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Description: "COSTUME OF DOMICILIATED INDIANS..." Copperplate line engraving by H. Fisher & Son, London, 1829: "Costume of Domiciliated Indians of North America", from an unidentified publication, 10 1/2" x 8 3/8", shows Native Americans in traditional costume arranged in a landscape and features cooking over an open fire, muskets, a smoking-pipe, and a canoe on the water in the background. Very good.

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1776 LIST OF ARMS ISSUED TO SOLDIERS

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Description: 1776 LIST OF ARMS ISSUED TO SOLDIERS Interesting 1776-dated manuscript document, 1p. large legal folio, [n.p.], Sep. 10, 1776. Headed "Guns Apprisd in Capt John Perkins Compy.", the document lists the names and ranks of 31 officers and soldiers and the various items issued to them, including guns, bayonets, cartouche boxes, belts...and a drum. At right the costy of the items issued each man is indicated. Lightly tipped at top to a beige board. Fine.

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1776 LOTTERY TICKET

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Description: 1776 LOTTERY TICKET 1776 printed lottery ticket issued by the Continental Congress, Philadelphia, Nov. 18, 1776, 7 1/2" x 3 1/2", unnumbered but boldly signed by official "E. Campbell". Toned, right margin chipped, else very good. On Nov. 18, 1776 the Continental Congress enacted a national lottery in four classes, consisting of 100,000 tickets in each class. The four drawings, greatly delayed, were a flop and cost the government hundreds of thousands of dollars when they were most needed for the war effort.

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BENJAMIN FRANKLIN ENGRAVINGS

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Description: BENJAMIN FRANKLIN ENGRAVINGS Lot of two period engravings of Benjamin Franklin, includes a thoroughly Anglicized version by H. D. Symonds, Patternester Row, London, Aug. 27, 1796, a 4 7/8" x 7 1/2" copperplate engraving, with a second engraving, after Cochin's "fur hat" portrait of Franklin, engraver possibly Augustin de Saint Aubin, trimmed to 3 1/4" x 5 1/2". Very good.

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BENJAMIN FRANKLIN ENGRAVINGS

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Description: BENJAMIN FRANKLIN ENGRAVINGS Fine pair of rare engravings of Benjamin Franklin. Includes a ca. 1780 Robert Pollard copperplate engraved bust profile of Franklin with military allegorical scene below, the caption reading: B. Franklin L.L.D. F.R.S.". . Some light toning and offsetting in margins, else very good. This 5" x 8 1/4" illustration was used in a hostile account of Franklin published in "Political Magazine", Vol. 1 (1780). Franklin apparently liked the bust, as he would later use it as the frontispiece in his book "Political, Miscellaneous and Philosophical Pieces". The second image is a ca. 1818 copperplate stipple engraving by Charles Goodman and Robert Piggot: "Dr. Franklin", 8" x 103/4", bearing a few tiny toned spots and light toning overall. Two pieces.

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BRINGING RUM TO PURITAN SALEM

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Description: BRINGING RUM TO PURITAN SALEM Partly-printed D.S., 1p. oblong 8vo., Barbados, Apr. 28, 1731, a bill of lading issued the vessel "Phenix" for a cargo of sugar, cotton, and four hogsheads of rum, at the time anchored at the Bay of Carlisle (Antigua, now a resort), and bound for "Salem in New England". Mounted, a few chips, else very good.

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CONNECTICUT GOVERNOR ISSUES WAR OF 1812 ORDERS

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Description: CONNECTICUT GOVERNOR ISSUES WAR OF 1812 ORDERS JOHN COTTON SMITH (1765 - 1845) Lawyer, judge and politician, member of the U.S. House of Representatives, 22nd Governor of Connecticut. Lot of three A.L.S.s, each 1p. 4to., Hartford and Sharon, 1813-14, to Brig. Gen. Nathaniel Terry. Various subjects include Terry's resignation from command of the Governor's Foot, with Smith asking that he appoint a replacement, an award of powers akin to those held by members of the militia, and recruitment instructions (split).Very good.

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CORNWALLIS SURRENDERS TO WASHINGTON

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Description: CORNWALLIS SURRENDERS TO WASHINGTON Copper-plate line engraving, 8 1/2" x 11", by Archer & Boilly, 1854, after a period painting by Robert Smirke. A great image in fine condition, with one major flaw - the event never occurred! Cornwallis, embarrassed that he had been defeated by the lowly colonists, refused to attend the surrender ceremonies, sending a lower-ranked officer in his stead.

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ENGRAVINGS OF BENJAMIN FRANKLIN

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Description: ENGRAVINGS OF BENJAMIN FRANKLIN Lot of five early engravings of Benjamin Franklin, includes: 4 1/2" x 8" fur collar portrait copper-plate line engraving by Fr. Janet, France, 1817, trimmed; 4 1/2" x 7" right profile copper-plate line engraving by Thomas Holloway, 1791; 7 1/2" x 9 1/2" copper-plate line engraving, chest, up portrait by Francesco Petroncini, ca. 1785, mounted; 6 3/4" x 10" copper-plate stipple engraving, seated pose regarding papers, by T. B. Welch, 1835, and; 6 3/4" x 10 1/2" copper-plate line engraving, fur collar chest, up pose, engraved by J. Thomson after a Duplessis painting, 1834. Overall very good.

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PERIOD ENGRAVING OF BENJAMIN FRANKLIN

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Description: PERIOD ENGRAVING OF BENJAMIN FRANKLIN Rare 1817 copper-plate line engraving of Benjamin Franklin, 5" x 8 1/4" by British engraver CHARLES PYE (1777-1864), a very familiar portrait of the brilliant statesman and inventor showing him in an oval image above the Latin legend: "ERIPUIT COELO FULMEN, SCEPTRUM QUE TYRANNIS", with attribution beneath: "Engraved by Charles Pye from an original [painting] by Duplessis, in the possession of Wm. Temple Franklin, Esq. Published by Henry Colburn, London, Oc'r 1817". Some soiling and lower-left corner creased, else quite good.

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PERIOD ENGRAVING OF BENJAMIN FRANKLIN

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Description: PERIOD ENGRAVING OF BENJAMIN FRANKLIN Copper-plate stipple engraving of Benjamin Franklin, 5 1/2" x 6 3/8", shows Franklin seated and regarding a sheaf of papers in his hand, engraved by CHRISTIAN DOLLAR (1785-1844), third Chief Engraver for the U.S. Mint. Trimmed, with a chip at lower left, still entirely suitable for framing.

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PERIOD ENGRAVING OF EDWARD BRADDOCK

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Description: PERIOD ENGRAVING OF EDWARD BRADDOCK Period engraving of Gen. EDWARD BRADDOCK (1695-1755) showing the commander-in-chief as he is struck by a ball in the chest while astride his horse, July 15, 1755, one man rushing to his aid, with two lines of soldiers firing at each other in the background. The image is surrounded by an ornate border and is captioned" "DEFEAT and DEATH of GENERAL BRADDOCK in North America". The copper-plate engraving, 9 1/2" x 15", measures 9 1/2" x 15" and was engraved by marine artist and engraver ROBERT DODD (1748–1815) for Russell's History of England". Fine.

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POOR JOB'S ALMANACK

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Description: POOR JOB'S ALMANACK An extremely rare copy of Poor Job's Country and Townsman's Almanack, printed by J. Franklin, Newport, Rhode Island, 1758. 16pp. 4" x 6 3/4", lightly toned else in very good condition. Publisher James Franklin, Jr. was the nephew of Benjamin Franklin, who of course published the famous Poor Richard's Almanack. Benjamin and James Franklin, Sr. were brothers, the latter choosing to remain in Boston to establish a printing business. Following James' death in 1735, the An extremely rare copy of Poor Job's Country and Townsman's Almanack, printed by J. Franklin, Newport, Rhode Island, 1758. 16pp. 4" x 6 3/4", lightly toned else in very good condition. Publisher James Franklin, Jr. was the nephew of Benjamin Franklin, who of course published the famous Poor Richard's Almanack. Benjamin and James Franklin, Sr. were brothers, the latter choosing to remain in Boston to establish a printing business. Following James' death in 1735, the younger Franklin was apprenticed to his uncle Benjamin, who had actually learned the trade from the senior James Franklin. Following his apprenticeship, James, Jr. returned to Massachusetts to print this almanac, as well as the first issues of the Newport Mercury, books, and other imprints. The almanac opens with Franklin's prediction, no doubt brought about by the French and Indian War: "Without a FIRM UNION among the English Provinces and Colonies in North-America, for their mutual assistance, they will be obligated (in two years) to submit to French Tyranny". With typical astrological tables, and a list of Quaker meetings.

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REVOLUTIONARY WAR COLONEL IS PAID

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Description: REVOLUTIONARY WAR COLONEL IS PAID Manuscript D.S., 1p. oblong 8vo., Hartford, Oct. 4, 1779, a Connecticut Pay Table Office document ordering that Col. Samuel Whiting receive 400 pounds. On verso Whiting writes two lines acknowledging receipt of his pay and signs. Very good. Whiting served in the First Battalion under Gens. Wooster and Spencer in Connecticut in 1776 and 1777 aftert which time his record is unclear. The property of Tom Platt, III

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REVOLUTIONARY WAR DRUMMER BOY IS DISCHARGED

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Description: REVOLUTIONARY WAR DRUMMER BOY IS DISCHARGED EBENEZER GRAY (1743-1795) Revolutionary War officer and nephew of Eliphalet Dyer, a Second Lieutenant in Israel Putnam's regiment and served through the siege of Boston. On Jan. 1, 1777, he was promoted major of the 6th Conn. and a year later lieutenant colonel of the 7th Conn. In 1781 Gray was commissioned lieutenant colonel and served until June 1783. Uncommon A.D.S. as lieutenant colonel of the 6th Conn., 1p. 8vo., Westfield, Ct., Feb. 18, 1780, the discharge of "David Brown Drummer...hath faithfully served three years...is now Discharged and permitted to return to the State where he belongs...". Some toned spots, else good. The property of Tom Platt, III

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REVOLUTIONARY WAR RECRUITING BONUS

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Description: REVOLUTIONARY WAR RECRUITING BONUS Tiny A.D.S., 1p. 3 3/4" x 1 3/4, Cornwall, CT, July 17, 1779, a receipt for five pounds paid by Capt. Edward Rogers to Joseph Bishop: "...for inlisting a soldier in said Rogers Company...". Very good. The property of Tom Platt, III

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WAR OF 1812 - CONNECTICUT'S GOVERNOR PREPARES FOR WAR

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Description: WAR OF 1812 - CONNECTICUT'S GOVERNOR PREPARES FOR WAR JOHN COTTON SMITH (1765 - 1845) Lawyer, judge and politician, member of the U.S. House of Representatives, 22nd Governor of Connecticut. Fine content A.L.S., 1p. oblong 8vo., "Council Chamber", Feb. 2, 1815, to Nathaniel Terry, ex-commander of the Governor's Foot Guard. In part: "I have thought proper to appoint you a commissioner, to form an arrangement with the National Government relative to the defence of the State, pursuant to a resolution of the General Assembly...". Very good.

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WAR OF 1812 BRIGADIER GENERAL'S APPOINTMENT

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Description: WAR OF 1812 BRIGADIER GENERAL'S APPOINTMENT JOHN COTTON SMITH (1765 - 1845) Lawyer, judge and politician, member of the U.S. House of Representatives, 22nd Governor of Connecticut. Fine content partly-printed D.S., 1p. folio parchment, New haven, May 18, 1813, the appointment of Nathaniel Terry to serve as Brigadier General. Light folds, else fine, with fine silk and wax seal. NATHANIEL TERRY (1768-1844) was a U.S. Representative from Connecticut. He served as commander of the Governor's Foot Guard of Hartford, was elected as a Federalist to the Fifteenth Congress, also served as a general in the state militia.

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WAR OF 1812 BRITISH RAID ON SAYBROOK, CONNECTICUT

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Description: WAR OF 1812 BRITISH RAID ON SAYBROOK, CONNECTICUT Fine pair of letters concerning a British naval raid near Saybrook, Ct. The first is an account of the attack written by a Capt. A. Bray, 6pp. legal folio, Fort Fenwick, Sep. 12, 1814 to Connecticut Gov. John Cotton Smith (1765-1845). Bray describes the events: "...On Sunday the 6th Inst. 2 Ships & a Brig belonging to the Enemy ankered abreast Shillingworth Harbor...On the Enemy moving against the mouth of the Connecticut River, I repair'd to the Fort & put everything in the best order of Defense...I received an express...that the Brig was making evident preparation for landing men...I immediately repair'd to the Point with the Brass 6 pounder and 6 or 8 artillery men...had a consultation with the officer of Captain Ingraham's Militia Company & a number of volunteers paraded on the Point...Capt. Jewett was met on the way with a part of his company & continued to the Point...Captain Jewett...claimed the sole command, both of Capt. Ingraham & myself...when the Enemy was at our Door...your Excellency had appointed me the command of this post...Capt. Jewett...advised his men to take possession of the 6 pounder...artillery had been taken from my contingent by force...". Also present is a letter from Governor JOHN COTTON SMITH, 1p. 4to.,Sharon, Sep. 19, 1814 to Brig. Gen. Nathaniel Terry in Hartford referring to Bray's angry letter: "...some of the transactions therein related are highly disgraceful to the service and demand a thorough investigation...". Very good.

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WILSON ENLISH FLINTLOCK CARBINE

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Description: WILSON ENLISH FLINTLOCK CARBINE A rare British-made musket of the type used by American colonial soldiers during the American Revolution and often referred to as a smaller model of a "Brown Bess", a .560 cal. "Windus Pattern" musket with 27" round barrel bearing three British proofs on the top of the barrel. The bevel-style lock plate is clearly marked "WILSON", and the mechanism bears a beveled hammer, rounded pan, and brass furniture trigger guard . The top of the brass butt plate is additionally marked "CREMORNE". The full length walnut stock terminates at the front in a half-round brass trim, with a beaver tail behind the tang. The barrel has a nice dark brown patina, and the lock has been lightly cleaned. The hammer has been repaired, and the mechanism is tight and works perfectly. The stock has a nice dark red to brown untouched patina, with just a few scattered nicks and dings. Wilson manufactured this model between 1771 and 1807.

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BRITISH REVOLUTIONARY WAR-ERA SWORD

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Description: BRITISH REVOLUTIONARY WAR-ERA SWORD A very good example of an early George III officers spadroon - the first British Army regulation pattern infantry officers sword. It appears to be a variation of the 1786 pattern, 38 1/2" long overall, with the blade etched with the cipher and monogram of King George III, cannon, filigree, etc. The grip is ivory with a steel band bisecting it, with steel pommel and guard. The leather and steel scabbard is also present, though a bit worn. The metal fitting at the top of the scabbard is engraved: "Archer Kings Cutler Dublin" - this may have been an Irish soldier's sword. Much of the gilding and bluing on the sword is gone, and there is a significant chip to the ivory on the grip, but otherwise this piece is in quite a good state. The blade bears the hallmark of John Justus Runkel, a German immigrant who became a British subject in 1796. He proceeded to almost corner the market in the large-scale importation of sword blades from Solingen, Germany and in the first years of the nineteenth century he was said to be handling hundreds of blades every month. He did not involve himself in the actual manufacture of swords, but was purely an agent for German blades entering into London.

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MODEL 1742 GERMAN PATTERN SABER

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Description: MODEL 1742 GERMAN PATTERN SABER Model 1742 German pattern saber, identical to those used by Hessian mercenaries during the American Revolution, 36 1/2" overall with an unmarked30 1/2" blade, brass leaf-shaped hand guard and round pommel with wood grip which lacks any wire. The front of the hand guard bears the number "34" stamped thereon. Blade is uncleaned and moderately oxidized. An earlier design which may even date to the French & Indian War. From a noted West Coast collection.

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Description: "THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE" Desirable engraving by John Neale "The Declaration of Independence", image size 11 3/4" x 17 3/4", after the John Trumbull painting, c. 1845. Engraved after Trumbull's version of this historical American event, what has become the standard view and engraved many times, with this print being one of the best depictions. Some toniong evident to the mat, mounted to heavier board, overall very good.

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1777 BATTLE OF SARATOGA FLAG RELICS

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Description: 1777 BATTLE OF SARATOGA FLAG RELICS Blue and red silk fragments that originated from a Revolutionary War flag used at the battle of Saratoga, each measuring about 1" x 1/4". Double-matted in light yellow and blue with an image of the British surrender and printed explanatory text. A 1943 note states that these fragments once hung in the lobby of the White Sulphur Springs Hotel in Stillwater, NY near the site of the battle. Provenance accompanying the piece includes images of the original relics and notations which accompanied them, including a notation dated July 11th, 1938 stating that these fragments hung in the lobby of the hotel, and a 1943 note which remarks that of the several Revolutionary War flags once hanging in the lobby, only these relics had not been stolen by souvenir hunters. These remaining pieces were kept by owner Thomas Luther beside the reception desk for many years. Under the terms of Burgoyne's surrender the British were allowed to keep their colors so these fragments either came from a captured British flag or an American flag. These remnants were sold at auction by Butterfield & Butterfield of San Francisco in Auction #16 March 19th, 1994. These are the only remnants of a Revolutionary War flag we have ever seen offered for sale. Accompanied by a certificate of provenance.

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FORT MICHILIMACKINAC RELICS

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Description: FORT MICHILIMACKINAC RELICS Fort Michilimackinac was an 18th-century French, and later British, fort and trading post in present day Mackinaw City, Michigan. The primary purpose of the fort was not military, but rather as a link in the French trading post system. The Ojibwe in the region resented British policies as harsh, and on June 2, 1763, as part of the larger movement known as Pontiac's Rebellion, a group of Ojibwe gained entrance to the fort, killed most of the British inhabitants and held the fort for a year before the British retook it. Lot of 13 relics, including trade goods excavated from the area of the fort, including musket balls, tassels, rings, an iron oval, etc., likely intended for trade with the Indians. Very good.

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JESUIT CROSS USED TO CONVERT THE IROQUOIS

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Description: JESUIT CROSS USED TO CONVERT THE IROQUOIS Small brass crucifix with suspension loop, 1 1/2" long, bears a sylized crucified Christ on one side and an unknown motif on the verso, with what appears to be an old museum tag attached at top. This ca. 1680 cross was dug at an Iroquois site east of Quebec City on the St. Lawrence River. As was the case with most such relic crosses, this example was likely intended to be given to local Indians by missionaries (here, French) with the hope that they would convert to Christianity.

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BETTY LAMP

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Description: BETTY LAMP An 18th century fat oil lamp, or "Betty lamp" with hand-forged hanger, each cup about 4" long and suspended by a 7 1/2" twisted iron rod. These lamps, which could be hung anywhere in the home, burned fish or animal fat to provide lighting.

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PRESENTATION SWORD OF BREVET BRIGADIER GEN. CHARLES TURNER, 108TH ILLINOIS VOLS.

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Description: PRESENTATION SWORD OF BREVET BRIGADIER GEN. CHARLES TURNER, 108TH ILLINOIS VOLS. Presentation sword presented to Lieutenant Col. Charles Turner of the 108th Illinois Vols. on or shortly after his promotion to that rank on August 28, 1862. This custom sword is modeled on the Model 1850 field and staff officer's sword. It measures 37" overall, ornate semi-basket brass guard, and engraved slightly curved blade. The grip, reversed leather or sharkskin, remains fully intact and the wire wrap is completely tight. The blade bears the mark of maker W. H. Horstmann & Sons, well-known makers of swords and other military equipment long established in Philadelphia. The blade is engraved with patriotic motifs, but these are somewhat worn. The original leather washer is present. The top of the hand guard bears the presentation engraving: "C. Turner Lt. Col. 108th Ill. Vol.". The scabbard bears the same gray leather-type covering as the grip, though it is chipped in a few spots. Brass fittings are intact, although the drag has a ding on one side. CHARLES TURNER (1825-1880) was born in Hampden Co., Mass. and prior to the outbreak of war practiced law and served as a judge. He enlisted in Pekin, IL on Aug. 28, 1862 as a lieutenant colonel, and likely obtained this sword at that time. Wear on the inside of the scabbard indicates much use, leading us to believe that he carried it for much if not the entire conflict. Six months later Turner was promoted to colonel. Turner served with distinction for the entire war, seeing action at Chickasaw Bluff, the capture of Fort Hindman, Port Gibson, Champion's Hill (where the regiment fought until its ammunition was exhausted), Vicksburg, the repulse of Forrest at Memphis, in operations against Mobile, and in the siege and capture of Fort Blakely. President Andrew Johnson would promote Turner to brigadier general (by brevet) retroactive to Mar. 26, 1865 for his actions during the siege of Mobile. A very extensive history of General Turner and the 108th Illinois is included containing photographs, service records, regimental reports, pension documents, etc. spelling out Turner's entire military career and his life post-war. A fine relic from a valiant fighting general.

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JAMES E. B. STUART

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Description: JAMES E. B. STUART (1833 - 1864) Confederate major general of cavalry who circled McClellan's army twice, was late to the battle of Gettysburg, and in 1864 was mortally wounded at Yellow Tavern. Fine war-date signature and rank "J. E. B. Stuart Brig Genl" as "Inspector and Mustering Officer" penned in black ink on a 3" x 1 3/4" section of brown Confederate "adversity" paper. The verso bears some lines of recruiting instructions and is headed: "Confederate States of America December 1861". A larger than usual signature, undoubtedly war-date, in very good condition and reasonably estimated.

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JOHN W. GEARY

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Description: JOHN W. GEARY (1819 - 1873) Union brigadier general who commanded a division at Gettysburg, Chancellorsville, Lookout Mountain, and in Sherman's March to the Sea. He was later Military Governor of Savannah. Scarce war-date S.P., 2 1/2" x 4" b/w, a carte de visite showing Geary in a right-side profile half-length in uniform and bearing a stern demeanor, signed on the verso: "With compliments of Jno. W. Geary Brig. Genl. U.S.V.". Beneath, in another hand (likely that of the recipient), appears: "Atlanta Ga. Nov. 4, 1864". Near fine condition. Geary had been heavily involved in Sharman's Atlanta campaign, active until the city surrendered on Sep. 2, 1865. Two days before this image was signed, Ulysses S. Grant approved Sherman's planned "march to the sea", which commenced on Nov. 15. Geary would command his division on that momentous action, and he would personally accept the surrender of Savannah on Dec. 21.

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ISAAC INGALLS STEVENS

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Description: ISAAC INGALLS STEVENS (1818 - 1862) Union major general and western explorer, fought with distinction at Port Royal, Secessionville and Second Bull Run; killed in an engagement at Chantilly. Very rare oversize pre-war S.P. "Isaac I. Stevevens Wash'n Terr'y", 6 1/2" x 9" mounted albumen showing Stevens from mid-chest, up, his facial features retouched, boldly signed at bottom. Having been a firm supporter of Pierce's candidacy for President, Stevens was rewarded on March 17, 1853 by being named governor of the newly-created Washington Territory. He held the position for four years.

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HENRY E. MCCULLOCH

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Description: HENRY E. MCCULLOCH (1816 - 1895) Confederate brigadier general in command of Texas' defensive forces and led a brigade in an attempt to relieve Vicksburg. Excessively rare war-date A.L.S. "Henry E. McCulloch Brig. Genl. Commanding", 1p. 4to., Bonham, Tx., May 27, 1865 to Lt. Henry Askew, Co. I, Texas 2nd State Troops Cavalry. With Lee having surrendered a month earlier at Appomattox, and Texas about to capitulate, McCulloch bids farewell to an old comrade-in-arms. In part: "...I cannot separate with you sir without expressing in some tangible manner my grateful thanks for the noble and gallant manner with which you have stood by me and my staff in the late peril of life and property through which we have passed and the manly firmness you have evinced at moments when conflict seemed certain and when many who had known me much longer and should have been more attached to me shrank under the pressure. I cannot tell that I will ever have it in my power to aid or befriend you in return but if circumstances enable me to do so it would afford me great pleasure...". Just a tad light, with some fold splits professionally mended, else very good. McCulloch would never personally surrender - he simply returned home with a bodyguard protecting him from outlaws and deserters.

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JUNIUS DANIEL

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Description: JUNIUS DANIEL (1828-1864) Confederate brigadier general, a career military officer, serving in the U.S. Army, then in the Confederate States Army. His troops were instrumental in the Confederates' success at the first day of at Gettysburg. On July 1, 1863, Daniel's Brigade repeatedly attacked the Union positions on McPherson's Ridge, eventually driving off the Union brigade of Col. Roy Stone. Daniel's men suffered the greatest losses of any brigade in the corps on the first day of the battle. During the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House on May 12, 1864, Daniel led his brigade in a fierce counterattack on the "Mule Shoe" (also known as the "Bloody Angle"), trying to recapture the important position from elements of the Army of the Potomac, which had captured it at dawn. He was struck in the abdomen by a MiniĆ© ball, inflicting a mortal wound. He died the next day in a field hospital. His body was taken to Halifax and buried in the old colonial cemetery. Unknown to Daniel, Robert E. Lee had recommended his promotion to major general just prior to his death. Excessively rare signature "Junius Daniel Halifax NC" cut from an 1850 West Point autograph book kept by fellow cadet William T. Magruder…ironically killed at Gettysburg in the assault on McPherson's Ridge! A few ink lines around, but not touching, the signature, else fine.

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