The world’s premier auctions
 
 
WELCOME TO INVALUABLE
Be the first to know about
the latest online auctions.
Please enter a valid email address (name@host.com)
Sign Up »
PS: We value your privacy
Thank you!
 
 
Want to learn more
about online auctions?
Take a Quick Tour »
 
Invaluable cannot guarantee the accuracy of translations through Google Translate and disclaims any responsibility for inaccurate translations.
Show translation options
Auction Description for Auctionata: Important Manuscripts & Autographs from Eight Centuries
Viewing Notes:
A preview at Auctionata on April 28/29 is only possible by prior appointment.

Important Manuscripts & Autographs from Eight Centuries

(103 Lots)

by Auctionata


103 lots with images

May 2, 2014

Live Auction

Franklinstrasse 13

Berlin, 10587 Germany

Phone: +49 30 9832 0222

Fax: +49 30 20239 2169

Email: sales@auctionata.com

Sort by:  
Lots with images first
Per page:  
Medieval parchment manuscript from the Book of Job, around 1250

Lot 1: Medieval parchment manuscript from the Book of Job, around 1250

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Brown ink on thin vellum France, Paris, around 1250 Large, handwritten Bible leaf from the book of Job Fine Gothic Textura in Latin manuscript, written in brown ink Three two-line pen initials alternately in red and blue, with trim strips Two columns, 41 lines regle Sheet sizes: 30 x 21 cm In very fine condition Excellent, large specimen of a medieval manuscript written in Latin with three two-line pen initials alternately in red and blue and three trim strips with tendrils in blue and red adjoining the initials, which extend over the entire text area. The manuscript is in very fine original condition. It is slightly browned at the edges and stained. The leaf is due to the vellum a little creased and uneven. Sheet size: 30 x 21 cm; written script: 20 x 13 cm; length trim stripes: 29 cm.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Medieval Manuscript from a Biblia Latina, around 1300

Lot 2: Medieval Manuscript from a Biblia Latina, around 1300

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Magnificently illuminated manuscript on vellum Northern France, in 1300 Fine, gothic Textura in brown ink Posted in Latin Rubricated in red Red and Blue Chapter Initials Three large initials alternately in red and blue with long tendril extendings Two columns, 55 lines, regle Sheet size: 24 x 15.4 cm In fine to very fine condition This stunning and magnificent illuminated manuscript originated in northern France around 1300. Manuscripts before 1200 are quite rare around the world, since the written word didn't mean a lot. Due to the emergence of the universities in the early 13th century knowledge was no longer confined to monasteries. Thus, the manuscripts and handwritten books have increased and began to spread. Without a doubt, the Latin Bible was the most famous book of the Middle Ages. Bibles were written at this time almost exclusively by monks. A few originated in master workshops on behalf of well-heeled aristocrats and religious dignitaries. The small number of such Bibles at this time was also due to the fact that these were written exclusively in Latin, and for this reason alone the dissemination of writings had their limits. The manuscript is in fine to very fine condition for the old age of over 700 years. It is minimally discolored in the margins and the leaf is slightly creased due to the vellum. There is a spot on the upper right corner due to the material condition. Sheet size: 24 x 15.4 cm; written script: 16 x 11 cm.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Medieval Vellum Certificate: Arbitration Award of 1328

Lot 3: Medieval Vellum Certificate: Arbitration Award of 1328

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: 26-line handwritten document in dark brown ink on vellum Hesse, 7 July 1328 Arbitration award of a dispute between the abbot of the Benedictine Hersfeld in Fulda, Ludwig II of Mansbach, and the Erfurt cleric Johann Ramsla With four well-preserved, attached wax seals of the parties Enclosed is a Latin transcription The document is located in a canvas box Sheet Size: 27.0 x 16.0 cm In fine to very fine condition This handwritten certificate is a rare legal document from the early 14th Century, and more specifically an arbitration award of a dispute between the abbot of the Benedictine abbey Hersfeld near Fulda, Ludwig II of Mansbach and the Erfurt cleric Johann Ramsla. Mention are further the names of Hermann von Eschwege and Johann Ramsla as well as the cities of Erfurt, Arnstadt and Brunswick. Attached is a Latin transcription and 4 very well preserved wax seals of the participants. The manuscript is in fine to very fine original condition. The leaf is due to the vellum minimally wavy. In the right area one finds a small hole due to the material, thus no loss of text. The margins are lightly browned with some finger-marks. The larger of the four seals is released from the sealing tape. Seal with exquisitely restored imperfections. The certificate is placed in a canvas box. Sheet size: 27 x 16 cm.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Document of King Edward III. from the Hundred Years War, 1356

Lot 4: Document of King Edward III. from the Hundred Years War, 1356

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Handwritten document in brown ink on vellum Edward III. (1312-1377) - King of England and France England, Westminster, 15 July 1356 Document of King Edward III. addressed to the Duke of Lancaster Henry of Grosmont Document of English noble deeds in 31-parts in the typical style of the time; Gothic Bastarda with some majuscule in the first line Sheet size: 35.5 x 33.5 cm In fine to very fine condition Edward III, King of England and France, confirmed the certificate his faithful friend the Duke of Lancaster presented to him that is inserted literally: Henry , Earl of Lancaster , Derby and Leicester, Seneschal of England, governor of the Lord King of England and France, and Captain-General of the Duchy Agenais and all areas of Occitan manifests that his dear faithful Bernhard Ezii de Lebreto , Knight, of the king in has its wars in Gascony as well as elsewhere support for the damages and injuries, including looting, which he incurred during the wars , as for his faithful retinue , that he was a role model other servants of the king, and his rightful successors the places , castles, country estates , charges and income from inheritances with high and low jurisdiction and all jurisdictions in the places and in the country of Marentino and Farina with all Zubehörungen that the noble lady Miramonde , Lady of Maren Sino , and the noble Bertrand, Mr. of Dannaco , her son , were among the rebels and the king's enemies have become , and are therefore deprived because of this rebellion and enmity of their possessions , gives , apart from the sovereignty and some duties which are to remain the king. Done at Owl ( La Réole ) on 3 Juli 1346.Edward confirmed the donation for himself and his descendants as described above. The original document was created in the wake of the Gascony campaign in 1345/47 under Henry of Grosmont (c. 1310-1361 ), later Duke of Lancaster. He had about 2000 British and several thousand local forces under arms. La Réole, occupied in January 1346, was the place of issuing the certificate and winter quarter of Henry of Lancaster where he started his campaign in 1346. As the Duke of Normandy, Henry of Lancaster also had to spent his confiscated estates for compensation of his supporters in the war in Gascony in 1346. Maybe the confirmation of the certificate by Edward III (1312-1377) is connected with the campaign of the Black Prince in Gascony 1355/56, in which the old relationships were again significant. The places that are mentioned here have not yet been identified. Bernard Ezi is multiply mentioned by other records and accounting entries in the English service. This extraordinary document.is not only of significance because of its age of over 650 years, but mainly due to the direct relevance to the Hundred Years War and the legendary figures of English history as Edward III, King of England, Henry of Grosmont, First Duke of Lancaster and Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales, called the Black Prince. The document is in fine to very fine condition. It is a little dusty but otherwise clean, slightly more soiled or stained on the back. The wide margins are only slightly rubbed and legible. The vellum leaf was formerly folded, and shows a tiny little hole in the fold. On the top right is a tear at the edge. Without seal. The leaf dimensions are 35.5 x 33.5 cm.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Late Medieval Cologne 'Brevarium Coloniense', around 1380

Lot 5: Late Medieval Cologne 'Brevarium Coloniense', around 1380

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Breviarium Coloniense Cologne, 1380 Late medieval manuscript on fine vellum, written in Latin Glorious illustrations Written in brown or red Textura Two-Column Gothic Type Because of two different script sizes 26 to 27 lines Beautiful large margins handwriting Late Gothic leather cover in 1460 Dimensions Binding: 17.5 x 13 x 9 cm (quarto) In very fine condition Provenance: From the collection of the important Berlin antiquarian Martin Breslauer (1871-1940) with label on the front from around 1900 'Breslauer & Meyer, Buchhändler & Antiquare, Berlin, w. 27B. Potsdamer Str.' The magnificent manuscript of the Lower Rhine handwriting is characterized by Paris and Flemish influences. Form and style are reminiscent of the illustrations of the Prüm missal in Tübingen. (cf. A. Boeckler Deutsche Buchmalerei der Gotik, 1959, Figure 13). The Breviary is close the group of the Cologne convent books, that were illuminated by the followers of John of Valkenburg in the middle of the 14th century. Illustration On the front of the first sheet appears a large gold heightened initial in opaque colors. It shows the prophet Isaiah in a gorgeous gown with a scroll in his hands. The initials are each delicately painted or engraved with ornamentation in opaque white or gold. Initials are outgoing with tendril borders around the entire text area. In addition to the floral decorative elements above with picture of a bird and dragon, below with dinosaur-like mythical creatures. Partial gold highlights. Ten large, nine gold heightend, fleuronnée initials in blue with fine tendrils in red and blue or purple (leaves 28, 48, 133, 167, 264, 363, 401, 418, 434, 476). Thousands of hand-painted large and small spring plant initials alternately in red and blue and with fine scrollwork. Content Leaf 1-253 proprium de tempore - Temporal: The Uffizi, from 1 Advent to the last Sunday after Pentecost with the main festivals of the Christian year, Christmas, Easter and Pentecost. Sheet 254 -418 proprium de Sanctis - Sanctorale: The Uffizi, the saints' feasts of the liturgical year, among which stand out the church saints of Cologne, for example: leaf 257 Archbishop Anno 4.12; leaf 295 Archbishop Heribert , 16.3; leaf 302V Translatio Cassii et Florentii (martyrs in Bonn), the beginning of May; leaf 322v Bishop Agiolf, 9.7, leaf 328v and 458r Translatio trium regum, 23.7; leaf 366v Bishop Maternus, 14.9; leaf 387v Gereon and comrades, 10:10; leaf 390V and 449v De Mauris (Sanctorum maurorum: Maurinus)..., 13:10; leaf 391v Bishop Eliphius, 16:10; leaf 393v Ursula and companions, 21:10; leaf 396 Bishop Severinus, 23:10; leaf 398, bishop and martyr. Evergislus, 24.10; leaf 406V Bishop Cunibertus, 12:11. All bishops and archbishops mentioned were faced with the diocese of Cologne. Leaf 418v-432v commune sanctorum (General forms for saints' days). Leaf 432v 433v-Italic registered prayers etc. Leaf 434 -481 added Uffizi: 434 Transfiguration (Transfiguratio Christ); 442 In festa sancte lances (Holy Lance in Sainte Chapelle in Paris). Collation: 480 unnumbered leaves, two blank sheets. Complete. From leaf 433 younger supplements and changed Uffizi, which originate from the second half of the 15th century. Cover Late Gothic leather cover from around 1460. Typical example of early cover art. Blind embossed calf leather over solid wood lids. On the lids with diagonal string iron lines and embossing in the fields. 10 original brass humps in the form of the cardinal's hat. On the front cover two additional filigree ornamental spines. Only the fittings of the clips remained on the back cover. Five cords. Binding in good, stable and generally original condition. Restored spine and corners. Renewed front joint respectively backed with leather and stabilized. Here, the existing old leather substance was applied again. Back spine and capitals with smaller leather imperfections. Near the back some wormholes. The inner lid with stronger worming. Condition The Brevarium is in very fine condition. It is a clean with a broad-brimmed handwriting. The vellum is well maintained with beautiful age patina. Due to the vellum the leaves are partially tanned, the first sheet a little stronger and also slightly corrugated. Lower left corner outside the writing space and margins partially stronger stained. Parchment due to the material partially wrinkled. Page 421 more rubbed. Page 162 and 213 with a tiny holes in the text area but without loss of text. Otherwise, no damage, losses or tears. Old bookmarks only remained in fragments. Sheet size: 17 x 11.5 cm; written script: 12 x 8.5 cm; cover: 17,5 x 13 cm x 9 cm. Martin Breslauer (1871-1940) Martin Breslauer was Berlin's most important antiquarian and founding member of the bibliophile society. He studied at the University of Rostock and then worked at booksellers in Paris, London, Rome and Florence. In Germany he worked with Joseph Baer in Frankfurt am Main and Ludwig Rosenthal in Munich. In 1898 he founded with his school friend Edmund Meyer the Antiquarian Breslauer & Meyer. Breslau was an important business partner of the Prussian State Library. In 1919 he received the mandate to assess the private library of Frederick the Great in Sanssouci Palace. In 1929, he sold the 5,000 -volume library of the second wife of Napoleon, Marie Louise, which until this day was believed to be lost. In 1931 he further sold the 120,000 -volume library of the princes of Stolberg-Wernigerode. In 1937 he emigrated with a small portion of his reference library to London, where he died in 1940 after a bombing at the consequences of a heart attack. Breviary A breviary contains the texts of the canonical hours of the Roman Catholic Church. The medieval breviaries included the prayers in shortened form that have been prayed in the joint solemn choral prayer in the monasteries. They were therefore used by the clergy outside the joint choir prayers.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Magnificently Illuminated Manuscript from an Antiphonary, 1450

Lot 6: Magnificently Illuminated Manuscript from an Antiphonary, 1450

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Handwritten manuscript in brown and red ink on resistant vellum Northern Italy, in 1450 Eight blocks of notes, each with four staves with Hufnagel notations A large, illuminated, ornamented and hand-painted pen initial in red, blue, white, green and beige With colored decorative borders and further 7 pen initials Each note block is provided with Latin lyrics Sheet size: 51.5 x 36.5 cm In very fine condition The copy presented here is an impressive testimony of late medieval book illumination. The initial core comprises a composition typical for the Italian book painting of the Gothic style. Below subsequent to the initial is a 22 cm high, ornamental and well colored decorative border. Overall, the manuscript shows seven other pen initials with scrollwork, alternating in red and blue. Each note block is provided with Latin lyrics. Such notations, which were almost exclusively made by the monks themselves, was used for liturgical songs as part of their daily religious tasks. A complete set of such choir books was recently auctioned at Christie's in London for 600,000 pounds. Single sheets of this quality are very rare on the art market. The Manuscript on resistant vellum is in very fine condition for the centuries of use with no damage. The writing is partly just slightly rubbed. The splendor initial is in very fine condition and only a little rubbed. The upper tendril border is very slightly cut. On the front with material-related spot in the animal skin. Verso lightly browned and stained in the edges. Sheet size: 51.5 x 36.5 cm (Imperial Folio); written script: 42 x 28 cm; splendor initial: 6 x 4.5 cm. Antiphonary An Antiphonary (also Antiphonarium or antiphonal) is a liturgical book for the hourly prayers of the Roman Catholic Church. It contains texts and melodies of all the songs of the Divine, but also the accompanying psalms and hymns. In addition to the Roman Antiphonarium there are some antiphonaries of the individual religious communities. The corresponding book for the celebration of the Mass is the gradual.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Magnificent Manuscript from a Book of Hours, Paris, around 1450

Lot 7: Magnificent Manuscript from a Book of Hours, Paris, around 1450

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Magnificently illuminated single sheet from a Parisian Book of Hours on vellum France, Paris, 1450 11 lines of Gothic Textura in brown ink, written in Latin Hand painted, gold heightened initial in red and blue with white delicate ornamentation Sheet size: 20 x 14 cm In very fine condition This manuscript from a Parisian Book of Hours was created around 1450 and impresses with its lavish ornamentation. The text is delimited by two lateral rod bars in gold and mauve, at which a wide tripartite and lavish Thorn Leaf tendril with rich gold heightening of the spike leaves follows. In between, scattered colored flowers appear. The corners are decorated with acanthus leaves in blue and red. The illuminated manuscript is in excellent original condition. The sheet is slightly browned on the outer edges. Otherwise excellent preservation of colors and gold highlights. Sheet size: 20 x 14 cm; written script: 9.5 x 7 cm; borders: 14 x 11 cm.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Pope Clement V - One of the First Prints on Vellum, 1471

Lot 8: Pope Clement V - One of the First Prints on Vellum, 1471

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Incunabulum printed on vellum Germany, Mainz, 1471 Pope Clement V (1250-1314) - Pope of the Catholic Church from 5 June 1305 until 20 April 1314 'Constitutiones. Cum Apparatu Joannis Andreae'- Early print on parchment from the Gutenberg successor Peter Schoeffer, Mainz, 13 VIII 1471 Gothic type, two columns with interlinear glosses, 47 - or 48- lines and rich coloring Cloth Cover with gold embossing, red title and ribbon tie Overall dimensions: 43.5 x 32.5 cm (large folio) In very fine condition Original incunabula from the 'Constitutiones' of the Roman canon law, printed on vellum. The special feature of this piece is that the sheet is printed on vellum. Usually, the printing was on made on laid paper, since vellum was quite the expensive material at the time. Only a few selected precious books were printed on vellum. The set has two columns. The middle column contains the main text, and around it comments or explanations, even interlinear glosses were placed. The text was handwritten and contemporary rubricated in red and blue ink. The sheet is in a stable canvas portfolio with explanatory text in English, which was adapted to the style of incunabula in set and layout. The Constitutiones, mostly called Clementinae, is a collection of papal decrees of the Council of Vienne (1311/12), compiled by Pope Clement V., first published in 1460 through Fust and Schoeffer. They are the last major piece of the 'Corpus Juris Canonici' - the Roman Church law. (Literature: Hain-C 5412, GW 7078.) The incunabula is in very fine original condition in bright, fresh printing. The leaf is slightly wavy due to the vellum and shows slight creasemarks in the top corner. The corners and edges are lightly browned. In the bottom corner with tear that was originally sewn once. The canvas of the binding is a little fissured on the back. Sheet size: 40.7 x 30 cm. Dimensions type area: 31.5 x 23.5 cm. Large Folio: 43.5 x 32.5 cm.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Jodocus Erfordensis - Early Incunabulum 'Vocabularius', 1473/74

Lot 9: Jodocus Erfordensis - Early Incunabulum 'Vocabularius', 1473/74

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Jodocus Erfordensis, Vocabularius utriusque iuris Michael Wenssler, Basel, 1473/74 Jodocus Erfordensis - Scholar of the 15th century Second edition of one of the most popular 15th-century text books on canon and civil law Gothic type, single-column printing, 34 lines Untouched printing with empty initial spaces No pagination Original, Gothic, probably South German binding with blind embossed calf leather over solid wood lids and 4 brass clasps Sides panelled with central lozenges, compartments filled with rosettes, fleur-de-lys, and 'laus deo' scroll Provenance: Library of Ulricus Wenger with its contemporary manuscript ownership inscription at the top of the content; Owner entry of Augustinian Hermits monastery in Memmingen from the 17th century; Royal Library of the Princes of Fürstenberg, Donaueschingen Dimensions: 30.5 x 21.5 x 8 cm (HxWxT) In very fine condition Second edition of one of the most popular 15th-century text books on canon and civil law, following Wenssler's undated edition printed 'not after 1473.' A copy in the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek has a purchase inscription dated 1474, which puts the date of the present edition back one year; it had previously been dated from a purchase note of August 1475 cited by Madsen. BMC notes variant spellings; the present copy has 'dictorum' on 16/4r first line, and 'siue' on 28/3r. Our copy come from the Royal Library of the Princes of Fürstenberg, Donaueschingen Collation: 310 unnumbered leaves. Absolutely complete; Counting: [abcdefghiklm10; NOP8; qrstuxyzA10; B8; CDEFGH10; I8] The incunabulum is in excellent condition. Strong print on thick laid paper. Very clean, seems fresh off the press and with extraordinary wide margins. Only a few stains and spots in the outer margins. The first and last leaves with small worm gears in the white margin. No cracks, cracking or voids. The binding shows small imperfections and early paper label on upper cover, two paper spine labels and vellum quire guards. With remains of two brass fore-edge catches with missing clasps. The latter could be reproduced true to the original. Dimension: leaves: 29 x 20.5 cm; sizes of text: 20.6 x 12.1 cm; Margins: Top 3.5 cm, Bottom: 5.5 cm, Right: 6 cm; Binding (Folio): 30.5 x 21.5 x 8.0 cm (HxWxT). Literature: GW 12628; ISTC iv00335000; Copinger 6354; Goff V-335; Proctor 7477; Pellechet 11758; Hubay 2128; Ohly-Sack 3004; Rhodes 1836, BMC III, 722; BSB-Ink I-256; IGI 10354th. Clearance Certificate Herewith we confirm the legal acquisition and the perfect origin of this incunabulum.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Early Incunabulum - Pseudo-Bonaventura 'Sermones', Zwolle, 1479

Lot 10: Early Incunabulum - Pseudo-Bonaventura 'Sermones', Zwolle, 1479

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Pseudo-Bonaventura, Sermones de tempore et de sanctis Johannes de Vollenhoe (also attributed Peter van Os), Zwolle, 1479 Bonaventure (1221-1274) - also Giovanni di Fidanza, important philosopher and theologian of Scholasticism Pseudo-Bonaventure - medieval author whose writings were attributed on incorrect or doubtful basis to Bonaventure of Bagnoregio One of the first books printed in Zwolle by its first printer John de Vollenhoe Gothic type, two columns, 39 lines Dozens Initials and Lombards in red Fully rubricated in red Watermark: Letter P with upper cross and Unicorn Original wooden board cover and spine with renewed pigskin leather in the style of the time 342 (of 344) unnumbered leaves Cover Dimensions: 29.3 x 22.5 x 8 cm (H x W x D) In very fine original condition This is without doubt one of the first books printed in Zwolle and loud historical literature at the same time to the first book, which was printed at Peter van Os. Our copy is the first printing of two known variants of the same year. In the second printing several documents have been re-set, but in some cases can also be mixed copies on the market. The standard bibliographies call Peter van Os as a printer: "The Sermons are wrongly attributed to St. Bonaventure (see Opera omnia, Quarracchi, IX and XII), but are here retained under his name for convenience ... The earliest recorded book signed and dated by Peter van Os is the Fiscus Sentences variationes, 1480 (Campbell 747, Pellechet 4827). The Bonaventure Sermons Zwollis, 1479 (IB 48101), are however, attributable to this press" (BMC IX, 80 and 79). Is mentioned in a printed type used here Ouerijselsche country letter, dated 6 June 1478, however, in which is only a few sheets of comprehensive pressure, as no classic book. But according to recent research by Lotte Hellinga and Wytze of which this print comes more from the first printer of Zwolle, John de Vollenhoe. Also, the watermark analysis (Letter P with upper cross and Unicorn) can be clearly attributed to Vollenhoe. Vollenhoe had its first edition "Prognosticatie voor het jaar 1478" published in 1477 (ISTC ip01005750), of which only one copy worldwide at SUB Göttingen and is only extant in fragments. The book is in very fine original condition. The book block solid and stable. Strong and sharp print and strong laid paper. Wide margins and mostly clean print. First 12 leaves (Register) slightly water stained, otherwise only partial slightly finger stains. Partial few small worm holes in the outer lower margins. Handwritten headings and marginal notes in brown ink by a contemporary hand and deletion of the printed foliation from the same hand. Leaf b5 with an old restored corner crack, three other leaves with old restored tears in outer margins. One leaf with a larger tear in the text area but without loss of text. The Original wooden board cover has a spine with renewed pigskin leather in the style of the time and 5 raise bands. With 2 old and intact but not original brass clasps. Wooden cover bumped, worned and carved and with a few small worm holes. The binding is preserved in a modern linen box with gold embossed back plate. Collation: 342 (of 344) unnumbered leaves. It lacks only the two blank leaves at the end. In the text absolutely complete. Counting: a10; b-zA-T8; V6 / [11] [331) leaves. Dimensions: Leaves: 27.2 x 19.8 cm; Text: 20 x 13.8 cm; Margins: Top: 2,3 cm, Bottom 5,2 cm, Right: 3,7 cm; Cover: 29.3 x 22.5 x 8 cm (H x W x D); Slipcase: 31.3 x 25 x 10 cm. References: ISTC ib00948000; GW 8410; IGI 1939; CIBN B-672; Proctor 9122; Hain-Copinger 8976; Hain-Copinger-Reichling 3512; Goff B-948; Pellechet 2654; Bobrova 179; Finger 232; Hartig 147; Hermans 13; Oates 3590; Schüling 226; Walsh 3903; Wierda 27; Wilhelmi 557; BMC IX, 80. Bonaventure (1221-1274) Bonaventure, or also Giovanni di Fidanza (1221 - 1274), was one of the most important philosophers and theologians of Scholasticism, Minister General of the Franciscans and cardinal. He led the Franciscan Order for 17 years until his death. 1273 he was appointed Gregory X. Cardinal Bishop of Albano and he entrusted the preparation of the Second Council of Lyons. He was canonized in 1482 by Sixtus IV and declared in 1588 by Sixtus V as the Seraphic Doctor of the Church. Pseudo-Bonaventure is referred to medieval authors whose writings were attributed on incorrect or doubtful basis to Bonaventure of Bagnoregio and at least temporarily regarded as the authentic writings of this author.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Announcement of Two Saxon Electors for a Campaign, 1485

Lot 11: Announcement of Two Saxon Electors for a Campaign, 1485

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Ernst, Duke of Saxony and Albert 'the Brave', Duke of Saxony, Ausschreibung, die Vorbereitung zu einem Kriegszug betreffend. Formular für Städte. Zwickau, 17.III.1485 Konrad Kachelofen, Leipzig, 1485 Ernst, Duke of Saxony (1441-1486) - Duke from 1464-1486 Albrecht, Duke of Saxony (1443-1500) - also called 'the Brave', Duke from 1485-1500 Extremely rare announcement, concerning the preparation and mobilization for a campaign 1 leaf, printed on the front side, 19 lines in Gothic type Preserved in a modern, ornate linen folder with gilt embossed title Dimensions folder: 24 x 18.5 cm In fine to very fine condition Extremely rare announcement concerning the preparation and mobilization for a campaign. Here the form of cities for distribution. As far as known, one of the first printed contingents at all. This announcement is a very interesting historical document, which was created immediately before the division of Saxony in the Ernestine and Albertine line. The invitation was printed in three versions: One for the officers (known only in copy, the original is lost), one for the vassals (known in three copies, one of which is lost) and a form, addressed to the cities which is known in triplicate. In the present case the form is only existent to the cities Berlin, Gotha and Zwickau. (See Rosenthal 92 (1930) with foreword by Konrad Haebler: 'Einer der frühesten Drucke Kachelofens; soweit bekannt, die ersten gedruckten Aufgebote überhaupt.'; Habeler: 'bisher völlig unbekannt') Content 'Von gots gnaden Ernſt kurfurſt vnnd Albrecht gebruder hertzogen zu Sachssen Lieben getreuwen vns kompt mergliche warnunge fur das unser abgonner und widerwertigen uns unnd unser lande mit beschedigunge gemeint synd anzufechten unnd uns an unsern landen gedencken abbruch zuthun das wir mit hulffe des almechtigen unser herrn und freunde ewer und ander unser unterthanen hoffen zu furkomen auch etliche unser widerwertige nachpaurn auß der lande herschaft unnd gebieten wir und die unsern beschedigt und sich unser veinde und beschediger enthalten gemeint synd zusuchen dadurch wir der last unnser unnd der unsern mogen entladen werden deshalben uns nod ist mit alle den unsern yn warnunge unnd gereitschaft zu sitzen Dorumb ist unser ernste begeruge das ir euch mit alle den unsern yn unser stat bey euch etzliche zu rosz und fusz mit harnisch buchsen steinen pulver und was dorczu gehort guten verdackten rustwage und aller ander nodturft als sich yns felt zu zciehe zum storm und streit geburt und die nodturft erfordert ufs aller sterckst und rustigst yr ynmer werde mogt rustet und allezeit geschickt und gewarnet seit wann wir euch anderweit schreiben tag und malstat ernenen das yr alszdannmit den ewere ym felde bey uns erscheynet mit alle sachen darnach geschickt ein virteil iars bey uns ym felde zu beharren und yn solicher rustung kein vertzog thun auff das wir euch nicht als unser ungehorsame fynden und yn unser straffe nehmen dorffen als wir euch wo wir euch dermasz erkente nicht vertragen wollet es darczu nicht komen lassen ist unser ernste meynunge und geschicht uns von euch zu danckeGeben zu zcwickaw uff dornstag nach letare anno mdlxxxv' The leaf is in fine to very fine original condition. Extremely strong, fresh and broad-brimmed print on strong laid paper. In the text area clean and only in the edges a little foxed and dusty. In the outer edges minor blemishes, cracks and imperfections, partly backed with thin Japanese paper. Outer edges partially slightly porous and fragile, otherwise fine paper substance. Sheet size: 22 x 16.8 cm; Type area: 13.7 x 7.7 cm; collation: One sheet print, full text available. Literature: GW 9387; ISTC ie00105500; Voullième 1254,8; Schmitt I 1222,2/1; Falk Eisermann, Verzeichnis der typographischen Einblattdrucke des 15. Jahrhunderts im Heiligen Römischen Reich Deutscher Nation, Wiesbaden, 2004, E-47. Libraries: Only three other copies worldwide known: State Library of Berlin, Gotha City Archives (formerly Weimar), Zwickau City Archives

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Antoninus Florentinus - Inkunabulum 'Chronicon', Basel, 1491

Lot 12: Antoninus Florentinus - Inkunabulum 'Chronicon', Basel, 1491

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Antoninus Florentinus, Chronicon. Summarium primi voluminis partis historiales domini Antonini archiepiscopi Florentini. Partes I (of III) Nikolaus Kessler, Basel, 10 February 1491 Antoninus Florentinus (1389-1459) - Dominican theologian and Archbishop of Florence One very large, splendid handpainted, 15-lined initial „H" in red and blue as well as one large initial „L" in red Lot of smaller red initials Some contemporary handwritten comments and additions by an old hand Gothic type; two columns with 66/67 lines Late Gothic original binding with blind stamped calf leather over massive wooden boards Covers with lines and flower stamps Provenance: Handwritten owner entry on the title leaf: „Soctis Jesu Ruramundo" and „P.B." This is probably the Jesuit monastery of Roermond Dimensions: 31.5 x 22.5 x 5.5 cm (H x W x T); Folio In very fine condition Here you buy a well-preserved and complete copy of the first part of the comprehensive, medieval Chronicle of Anthony Florentinus. This chronicle is one of the most important medieval chronicles before the illustrated World Chronicle of Hartmann Schedel, which was published in 1493 by Anton Koberger. This chronicle was created earlier and will safe your budget. Collation: 12 not numbered leaves Summaries, 2 not numbered leaves Prolog, 240 numbered leaves (I-CCXV), 6 not numbered leaves Register. The work is complete, only lacking the last blank leaf (Pp6). Counting: A,B6;C,D,E,F;G,H,I,K,L,M,N,O,P,Q,R,S,T,U,X,Y,Z,Aa,Bb,Cc,Dd,Ee,Ff,Gg,Hh,Ii; Kk,Ll,Mm,Nn,Oo,Pp6 The incunabulum is in very fine collectible condition. The paper is in excellent condition with sharp print on strong paper. Extraordinary clean copy, only the first and last leaves are slightly finger stained. Wide margins. The title page with two small, old restored damages outside the text. Otherwise in perfect condition without tears, damages or losses. The binding is fine and solid. The inner book and binding are strong and stable. The cover is slightly rubbed, edges and corners bumped and with old restorations. The spine is old restored: Hinges broken and repaired and laid with leather. 3 (of 4) clasp fittings, clamps are lacking. 4 compartments. Dimensions: Sheet size: 30,3 x 20,5 cm; Sizes of the text: 24 x 15,5 cm; Margins: above 1,5 cm, below 5,3 cm, right 3,6 cm. Binding (Folio): 31,5 x 22,5 x 5,5 cm (HxWxT).Literature: BSB A-565; GW 2047; ISTC ia00780000; BMC III, 769; IGI 610; Goff A 780; Zehnacker 194; Polain(B) 236.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Vellum Document of the Archbishop of Mainz with Seal, 1491

Lot 13: Vellum Document of the Archbishop of Mainz with Seal, 1491

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Clerk's handwritten text in brown ink on vellum Mainz, 1491 Berthold von Henneberg (1441-1504) - Archbishop of Mainz Mandate to John Stork, cleric of the diocese of Würzburg and notary Text of 29-lines in brown ink, very appealing calligraphic clerical script in German language With attached seal of the Archbishop Sheet size: 47.5 x 28.5 cm In very fine condition This rare early manuscript of the 15th Century is an excellent testimony of efforts for the peacekeeping of the electoral state of Mainz. Constituted by Berthold von Henneberg it is addressed to John Stork, a cleric of the diocese of Würzburg. The text of 29-lines was written in brown ink and is a very appealing calligraphic clerical script in German language. Verso with some handwritten entries dated 1833: '... Höchst, 1833, 21 October'. The document is in very fine condition. It is folded with some rubbings in the crease marks, in the edges slightly dusty and stained. The outside lower left edge shows tiny brown spots. The actual seal is well preserved but only with remains of the original wax border. Sheet size: 47.5 x 28.5 cm; written script: 39.0 x 20.0 cm; seal diameter: 5.5 cm (without wax border). Berthold von Henneberg (1441-1504) On 20 May 1484 Berthold von Henneberg was elected Archbishop of Mainz. Pope Innocent VIII confirmed his election on 20 September 1484. He received episcopal consecration by the bishop Johann von Dalberg of Worms on 13 March 1485 in Mainz. He was commited to safeguard the borders of the electorate state of Mainz and already then demanded reforms necessary at that time for the peace between the rulers of the Empire. As part of the Imperial Reform Berthold von Henneberg was as archbishop of Mainz in 1495 a member of the diet of Worms, on which the princes voted him for the spokesman of the states. The gained peace was also due to his effort as well as the establishment of the Imperial Court Chamber and the 'Handling of peace and justice' as a contract between king and stalls. In 1502 the imperial government broke up because of continuing problems with the emperor. In 1504 Berthold of Henneberg died after a lengthy illness a year before the Diet of Cologne, in which the failure of the Imperial Regiment was finally decided. So after seven years of 'reform' everything went back to the beginning again.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Cardinal Juan Lopez Archbishop of Capua - Official Document

Lot 14: Cardinal Juan Lopez Archbishop of Capua - Official Document

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Latin manuscript in dark brown ink on vellum Rome, 27 March 1501 Juan Lopez (1455-1501) - Cardinal and Bishop of Perugia, Archbishop of Capua Certification of tributes to the Augustinian monastery of S. Cecilia de Corbbaria in the diocese of Bologna Manuscript of 20-lines in Latin With signet and endorsements Sheet size: 26.5 x 19.0 cm, originally folded In fine to very fine condition This manuscript written in Latin is a certificate of tributes: As Treasurer of the College of Cardinals Lopez certifies the Congregation of S. Salvatoris Venetiarum the full payment of duties of the Augustinian convent of St. Cecilia de Corbbaria in the diocese of Bologna to the College of Cardinals, an amount of 64 gold gilder and 14 soldi. The 'Dataria apostolica' was an official department of the Roman Curia, which was responsible in particular for church stuff such as matters of grace, dispensing, and others, but could also occupy smaller benefice. The manuscript is in fine condition. The leaf is lightly browned with typical traces of folding. Juan Lopez (1455-1501) Lopez was from August 1492 to February 1496 Datar of the Pope and from 29 December 1492 until 15 August 1498 bishop of Perugia. Pope Alexander VI. made him on 19 February 1496 cardinal and on 24 February 1496 Cardinal Priest of the titular church in Trastevere. Since 23 December 1497 Lopez was Apostolic Administrator of the Diocese of Carcassonne, on 15 August 1498 Archbishop of Capua and on 15 August 1498 Apostolic administrator of the Diocese of Perugia. From January 1501 he was Camerlengo of the Cardinal faculty, and from 10 May 1501 the Pope made him Archpriest of the Basilica of St. Peter in the Vatican.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Letter of Feoffment for the Archbishop of Cambrai, 1517

Lot 15: Letter of Feoffment for the Archbishop of Cambrai, 1517

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: French cursive in dark brown ink on vellum Cambrai, 23 April 1517 Guillaume de Croy (1498-1521) - Bishop of Cambrai Document signed - certificated Feoffment for the Archbishop of Cambrai, Guillaume de Croy Stapled in vellum envelope A total of 44 pages, 3 of them blank Dimensions: 30.5 x 22 cm In fine to very fine condition This historically important manuscript is an autographed signed certificated Feoffment for the Archbishop of Cambrai, Guillaume de Croy, which states the following: "Denombrement you fief de Layens s Paillencourt par Adrienne de Beaumont, Veuve de Jehan de Haine Court, dit de Borgne a Mgr Guillaume de Croy archeveque - Duc de Cambrai (Kamerich) - 23 Avril 1517 ". The manuscript is in fine to very fine condition. The leaf is a little stained due to the material vellum. With crease mark in the center. Wrapper and last 3 sheets with slight water stains around the margins. Dimensions: 30.5 x 22 cm. Guillaume de Croy (1498-1521) Guillaume de Croy was a Cardinal of the Catholic Church, and since August 1516 Bishop of Cambrai. Pope Leo X made him cardinal in April 1517 and further Cardinal Priest of the titular church of S. Maria in Aquiro in May 1517. After he was appointed Apostolic Administrator of the Archdiocese of Toledo in December 1517, he resigned on 17 August 1519 from the bishopric of Cambrai. He died on 6 January 1521 during the Diet of Worms in a riding accident while hunting.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Melchior Pfintzing - Marx Treitzauerwein: 'Theuerdank', 1519

Lot 16: Melchior Pfintzing - Marx Treitzauerwein: 'Theuerdank', 1519

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Melchior Pfintzing & Marx Treitzsauerwein, Der Theuerdank. Die geuerlicheiten vnd einsteils der geschichten des loblichen streytparen vnd hochberümbten helds vnd Ritters herr Tewrdannckhs Nuremberg, Johann Schönsperger d.Ä., 1519 Melchior Pfintzing (1481-1535) - Minister and senior member of the court of Emperor Maximilian I. Marx Treitzsaurwein (1450-1527) - secretary of Emperor Maximilian I, Charles V and Council last Chancellor of Lower Austria Second printing of the second edition of the most famous illustrated work of the early Renaissance about the legendary epic of the noble knight Theuerdank With 118 woodcut illustrations in the size 16 x 14 cm Presumably original pigskin binding of the late 16th century over massive wooden boards With rich blind embossing in the form of iron lines and floral borders 290 unnumbered leaves, complete Dimensions binding: folio 35.5 x 24.5 x 7 cm (H x B x D) Sheet size: 34.5 x 22.3 cm In fine to very fine condition Provenance: From Horace de Landau Collection (bookplate on the front mirror); Old ownership entry on the title below: 'David Emen'Second printing of the second edition of the most famous illustrated work of the early Renaissance with the legendary epic about the noble knight Theuerdank. The work celebrates in an idealized way the heroic adventures and deeds of the young Emperor Maximilian I until his courtship of Mary of Burgundy. The Theuerdank is the only work of the 'medialen kaiserlichen Heldentrilogie', which was completed during the lifetime of the emperor and was published at that time. The 'Weisskunigk', an unfinished allegorical 'autobiography' of Emperor Maximilian I. was not published until 1775 in Vienna and the Holy epic 'Images de Saints Maximilian I' even later. Maximilian himself determined both concept and content of the chapters, as well as the images to be printed of the Theuerdank. He dictated drafts and made sketches. Marx Treitzsaurwein, who was personal secretary to Maximilian, edited the texts, Melchior Pfintzing placed the verses. Pfintzing, who was a versatile church dignitary under Maximilian and was held in high rank in the imperial court, also took the final editing. In 1517, first about 40 gift copies of the Theuerdank appeared in print on valuable vellum, which the Emperor distributed to the royal houses, as well as 300 gift copies for the princely houses and the royal household. The present second edition here, printed in 1519, was regarded as the first sales edition. Maximilian promoted in his Theuerdank the legends of his own person who bravely masters all dangers. His constant companion on the adventures are Fürwitz, Unfall and Neidhard, who represent the three vices arrogance, audacity and envy. Illustrations The edition of 1519 contains 118 woodcuts for which the famous artist, Hans Schaufelin, Hans Burgkmair and Leonhard Beck provided the drawings. These were then cut by Jost de Negker in wood. The woodcuts and drawings are technically of extraordinary refinement. The ability of representing plasticity and spatiality through the lines, was considered novel and underlined Maximilian's effort to accelerate the development and perfection of the art of books and illustrations. Collation 290 unnumbered pages, complete Position formula: a, b, c8; d6, e, f, g, h8, i6, k, l, m, n8; o6, p, q8, r6, s, t8; v6, x, y8, z6, A, B8, C6, D, E8, F6, G, H8, I6, K, L, 8; M6; N8; O6; P8; AA8. Type area The Theuerdank is considered a very significant work of art in book printing. The exceptional typography was designed by Vinzenz Rockner whose shape was modeled in style of the office handwriting on the common wish of the Emperor. Characteristic for the type area of the Theuerdank are the later and presumably by Rockner himself attached calligraphic writing-flourishes. The writing of the work continued under the name 'Theuerdank' in the 16th century for a long time by and is now regarded as the precursor of the Fraktur. The type area varies up to 32.5 x 14 cm. Condition The cover with two intact clasps and five bands is in excellent condition. Book block and binding are tight and stable. Cover and spine only very slightly stained and rubbed. The closing bands were hardly visible renewed. The paper is also in fine, mostly very fine condition. Consistently strong prints of the woodcuts, mostly resistant paper substance. The paper in the margins slightly stained, front and back a little stronger. Text and woodcuts largely clean. Stronger brown spots on 7 leaves, in particular e2-e5. First and last layers with some small worm holes. First 16 and last 4 leaves with small foxing in the upper corner. At about 15 leaves at the top the flourishes very slightly cut, otherwise rather broad-brimmed copy. The lower half of the text leaf a8 is torn and supplemented with old handwriting Otherwise, no breaks, tears or damages. Provenance From the collection of Horace de Landau. Bookplate on the front. Baron Horace de Landau, born 1824 in Hungary, was Director of the Rothschild Bank in Turin. He negotiated, among others, large loans to the government Piedmont which constituted an important basis of unification of Italy in 1864. In 1872 he retired to the Villa Normanby, which he had acquired in 1866 by James de Rothschild. There he dedicated himself to his books and his art collection. His library was one of the most precious of all time. Baron Horace de Landau died in 1903.Old ownership entry on the title below: 'David Emen'.Melchior Pfintzing (1481-1535) Melchior Pfintzing, or Pfinzing was a clergyman and a senior member of the court under Emperor Maximilian I. His career at the Viennese court began with the position as one of the secretaries of Maximilian's chancelor, Cyprian von Nordheim; then he became secretary and the council of the Emperor. Marx Treitzsaurwein (1450-1527) Marx Treitzsaurwein was secretary of Emperor Maximilian I and after his death the Council of Charles V and the last chancellor of Lower Austria. Treitzsaurwein was besides Melchior Pfinzing co-author and editor of literary works attributed to the Emperor, especially the Weißkunig and Theuerdank. J. Schönsperger (c. 1455-1521) J. Schönsperger was imperial court book printer in Nuremberg since 1508. He has moved, at the request of the court, from Augsburg to Nuremberg. The second edition of the Theuerdank Schönsperger then printed in Augsburg in 1519. Literature: VD16 M1650; tank 958; Brunet IV, 767-8; Fairfax Murray German, 330; Dodgson II, 123-25 (Beck), 7-8 (Schäufelein), 58-59 (Burgkmair); Stephan Füssel: The Theuerdank of 1517.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Erasmus of Rotterdam - Copper Engraving by Albrecht Dürer, 1526

Lot 17: Erasmus of Rotterdam - Copper Engraving by Albrecht Dürer, 1526

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Copper engraving on paper Germany, 1526 Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528) - German painter, printmaker and theorist Erasmus of Rotterdam (ca. 1467-1536) - Dutch humanist Copper engraving with the portrait of Erasmus of Rotterdam Monogrammed and dated 'AD 1526' Watermark with crowned emblem and lily Reference: Hollstein, 105 Dimensions: 24.9 x 19.3 cm In very fine condition This copper engraving shows the portrait of Erasmus of Rotterdam and was created by Albrecht Dürer shortly before his death. It is dated to the year 1526. Erasmus himself requested this piece of work from Dürer. Here a portrait drawing from the year 1520 was underlying the engraving. Excellent print. The leaf is evenly lightly browned, the top left and right are trimmed to the edge of the plate. In the center with a larger, ongoing transversal crease mark. Professionally closed, invisible tear in the right shoulder (about 5 cm). Verso with old hand written number 24. In the text framework on the left with a perfectly repaired imperfection. Dimensions: 24.9 x 19.3 cm. Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528) Albrecht Dürer was the son of Hungarian goldsmith who moved to Nuremberg. He began his artistic education in his father's workshop and later learned with Michael Wohlgemut. After he finished his education he travelled for four years probably in the direction of the Netherlands. He led his own workshop since 1497, where he taught several other artists that are counted today amongst the most important ones of their time. Dürer himself focused on woodcuts and etchings. From 1505-06, Dürer travelled to Venice, a trip that influenced him greatly. Back in Nuremberg, he received many commissions and became one of the city's most influential citizens. Together with his wife, the painter travelled to the Netherlands in 1520/21, where he got infected with malaria, which led to his far too early death in 1528. Dürer is today not only known for his prints and paintings, but also for his art historical and mathematical writings that classify him as a great humanist and scholar.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Letter from 'Little Cardinal' about Construction Financing,1534

Lot 18: Letter from 'Little Cardinal' about Construction Financing,1534

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Letter signed Halle, 1534 Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg (1490-1545) - Archbishop of Magdeburg and Mainz, and Cardinal of the Roman Church German manuscript on paper with seal Dimensions: 33.5 x 32.5 cm (folded) In fine condition Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg writes in detail about great difficulties in financing to his secretary, the Master Johann Bernicke, canon and treasurer of the Church of Our Lady of Halberstadt. A major creditor even claimed demands when he was asked for another loan of 2,000 florins: 'Es ist unns aber solchs gentzlich abgeschlagenn wurden, vnnd haben den nicht allein nicht erhalttenn können, sundern befinden auch im handell stück, das der man darauff stracks dringet, wan yme die erlegung sechstausent gulden ytzo nicht geschicht, das man yme dafür widderumb Ein Ampt oder Hauß zuthun sollte. Zu was vorterblichen nachteill unsers Stiffts Halberstadts solchs reichenn würde, stellen wir unserm Thumkapittel...heim zu bedencken...' He further issued instructions how to negotiate with the cathedral, the knights and landscapes, as well as with the Council of Halberstadt, so that at least the existing building loan was protected. Autographs of Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg are extremely rare on the market. The letter is in fine condition, with slight marginal blemishes at the upper right corner. It also shows some text loss caused by mice chewing. Dimensions: 33.5 x 32.5 cm (folded). Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg (1490-1545) Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg was born 1490 in Cölln on the Spree. He comes from the house of Hohenzollern. With his entry into the clergy, he was (also known as Albrecht IV ) Archbishop of Magdeburg and (as Albert V ) Apostolic Administrator for Halberstadt. Furthermore, he was Archbishop of Mainz, Elector and Arch-Chancellor of the Holy Roman Empire and later Cardinal of the Roman Church. As a promoter of the indulgences and high rank religious dignitary of the German Empire, he was one of the most important and popular opponents of Martin Luther. Together with his brother Joachim, he founded the University of Frankfurt on the Oder in 1506. In the same year he entered the ecclesiastical state and at the age of 23 years became Archbishop of Magdeburg and administrator of the diocese of Halberstadt, in 1514 Archbishop and Elector of Mainz and in 1518 Cardinal.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
John Stumpf, First Edition of the Chronicle of Henry IV, 1556

Lot 19: John Stumpf, First Edition of the Chronicle of Henry IV, 1556

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Johannes Stumpf, Keyser Heinrychs des vierdten Hertzogen zu Francken und am Rhyn fünffzigjärige Historia: von seinem Läben und thaaten: was sich bey seinen zeyten zugetragen: was schwären widerstands er auch von etlichen Päbsten/ und wider in erwelten Künigen erlitten hat. Allen liebhabern alter Geschichten/ gar anmutig und nutzlich zeläsen. Durch Johan(n) Stumpffen/ auß den alten waarhafften Latinischen Geschichtschreybern/ fleyssig zusamen in Teütsche spraach gezogen/ mit schönen Figuren beziert/ und in vier Bücher geteilt. Deren Argument und unnhalt im nachvolgenden dritten blatt verzeichnet werdend Christoffel Froschauer, Zürich, 1556 Johannes Stumpf (1500-1574) - Swiss historian, theologian, and cartographer Title with woodcut printer's device, 104 text woodcuts Marbled cardboard cover of the 19thcentury, three-sided blue section Complete Dimensions binding: 27.5 x 19.5 x 2 cm In fine condition First and only edition of the biography of Emperor Henry IV. The work is a rare monograph, which should prove the harmfulness of the papacy, based on the collection of material from Vadian. The extensive historical work impresses with 104 woodcuts, which were taken from the great chronicle of Stumpf from 1548. The famous and beautiful woodcuts show portraits, councils, historical scenes and battle fights. They were originally created by Virgil Solis and Hans Asper. Another woodcut was added by Josef Murer. Striking in this copy are the occasional old, by hand over-painted wood cuts, particularly in the clerical representations. The harmfulness of the papacy becomes evident in this copy in a particularly impressive way. (see references / bibliography. VD16 S. 9869) Type area: Single-column print; Roman pagination; Dimensions type area: 23 x 16 cm; sheet Dimensions: 27 x 18 cm. Collation: 10 unnumbered leaves (including title, preface, index); CXXXVII numbered leaves; Complete. Binding: Fine condition but with functional end cover . Book block solid and stable. Hinges and cover slightly rubbed. The corners also slightly bumped. Paper: Overall fine condition. Paper evenly lightly browned. Partly some foxing and slight water stains around the margins. Title in the bow slightly creased. Some underlining and notes of old hand with red ink. In the top margin a bit trimmed, but without loss. John Stumpf (1500-1574) John Stumpf studied theology in Heidelberg and worked from 1520 in the episcopal office in Speyer. In Freiburg he was accepted into the Order of St. John, later he was ordained a priest in Basel. In 1522 he was prior of the Knights Bubikon in the Zurich Oberland and received the ministry of the local church community. In his Zurich time he joined the reformer Zwingli. In 1529 he married the daughter of the chronicler Heinrich Brennwald whose handwritten documents he - like others - should use later for his chronicles as well.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Marquis of Pescara - Letter to the Bishop of Cremona, 1562

Lot 20: Marquis of Pescara - Letter to the Bishop of Cremona, 1562

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Letter signed and dated, in brown ink on laid paper Milan, November, 1562 Letter from the Marquis of Pescara to the bishop of Cremona Two sheets with 9-line handwriting Paper covered seal on the second sheet Signature illegible Sheet Dimensions: 30 x 21.0 cm In fine to very fine condition The unspecified Marquis of Pescara is without doubt a direct descendant of Fernando Francesco d'Avalos di Pescara (1489-1525), Viceroy of Sicily, commander of Emperor Charles V and commander of the Imperial Spanish troops in Italy campaigns. His letter is addressed to the bishop of Cremona, Niccolò Sfondrati, the later Pope Gregory XIV. The letter is in fine to very fine condition with signs of use. The leaves were formerly folded and with tanned hinge traces. In the edges lightly browned and slightly creased. Sheet size: 30 x 21 cm; written script: 9 x 18 cm, diameter seal: 3 cm.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Glorious Certificate of Roman Congregation Statues, 1568

Lot 21: Glorious Certificate of Roman Congregation Statues, 1568

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Document written in Latin on vellum Rome, 10. October 1568 Cyrillus Aquilanus (1500 - 1575) - or Bernardino Cirillo, Archbishop of Loreto and Magister Generalis, ie High Master or major of the Order of the Hospital of S. Spirito in Sassia in Rome Certificates of Roman congregation statutes to the Spanish hospital order of the Holy Spirit in Valladolid Document signed and dated Gorgeous painted border with fine Acanthus ornament and gold highlights 5 Tondi (miniatures) framed in gold, with representations of the spirit dove over the papal double cross, Mary with the Child, John the Baptist and Peter and Paul Dimensions: 65.5 x 43 cm In fine to very fine condition This is a certificate for the monastery of the Holy Spirit 'extra muros oppidi Vallisoleti Palentin(a)dioe (cesi)', the near Valladolid in Spain (Diocese of Palencia), founded in 1520 as 'Convento de Sancti Spiritu' with attached Hospital. It is a document in response to the changing conditions of the Reformation for the Catholic orders. The features are a gilt-heightened floral border; 5 multi-colored, gilt-heightened, delicately drawn miniatures in Tondi, the headline saying 'BERNARDINUS' in gold, a script in clean Bastarda in brown ink, a written script with 38 lines. The document is in fine to very fine condition. The vellum slightly wavy with folding marks. The folds with a few small holes (see pictures). Font and borders, especially gold borders are partly rubbed. The dimensions are as follows - Sheet size: 65.5 x 43 cm; typeface: 50 x 30 cm; Borders: 4.5 to 6 cm, diameter miniatures: 8 to 9 cm. Historical Background The Order of St. Spirito Hospital in Sassia (Holy Spirit in Saxony) goes back to a foundation of Innocent III. in 1200, later lead by Gui de Montpellier, who had already built his own Hospital Community. The Hospital of S. Spirito in Sassia embodies the classic type of a papal operation and thus stood in competition with other Rome-based hospices. The convent of Santo Spirito in Sassia receives in this document the renewed religious statutes that have been amended to the requirements of the Counter-Reformation: '„... iuxta sacri Concilii Tridentini formam et decreta eliquendam et per praeceptorem generalem pro tempore existentem confirmandam perpetuam ...' The General Master of the Order of the Holy Spirit, Bernardinus Cyrillus Aquilanus (Bernardino Cirillo; 1500-1575), had the 'Sacri Ordinis Sancti Spiritus regulators in Saxia' renewed rand published himself in 1564 in Rome (cf. Gerhartz, 'Insuper promitto ...', Rome 1966, p 108).This renewed rule is now mandatory for the friars in Valladolid with this letter.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Giorgio Vasari, Extremely Rare Autograph, Rome, 1571

Lot 22: Giorgio Vasari, Extremely Rare Autograph, Rome, 1571

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Autographed letter signed, written in Italian Rome, 10 February 1571 Giorgio Vasari (1511-1574) - Italian Renaissance architect, painter and biographer To Francesco Busini, Proveditore of the Duke Cosimo I de' Medici in Pisa, concerning business affairs 1 page, written on half With seal track and address Dimensions: 28,0 x 21,0 cm In fine condition Extremely rare document of one of the first art historians of the Renaissance This letter by the Renaissance artist Giorgio Vasari to the Proveditore of the Duke Cosimo I de 'Medici, Francesco Busini, was written by hand in Italian language. It it, business matters are regulated. It is dated on the 10th of February 1571 and was written in Rome. The single page is written on half side and provided with address. The letter is in fine condition. The sheet size is 28,0 x 21,0 cmGiorgio Vasari (1511-1574) The Italian architect, painter and artist biographer Giorgio Vasari is considered one of the first art historians. Without his biographies about such famous artists such as Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael and many other painters and sculptors of the Renaissance we would have no information on the life, work and character of these important artists. He was one of the first scholars who devoted exhaustive studies on art and artists in a time when the artist was still considered a low craftsmen. A well-known contribution as an architect are the Uffizi Gallery in Florence that Vasari built from 1559 to 1581.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Bull of Pope Paul V- Papal Edict with Lead Seal, 1620

Lot 23: Bull of Pope Paul V- Papal Edict with Lead Seal, 1620

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Latin manuscript of 27-lines in dark brown ink on vellum Rome, 15 October 1620 Camillo Borghese (1552-1621) - Paul V, Pope of the Catholic Church from 1605-1621 Notarial instrument for Georg Pauli Stravius, the auxiliary bishop of Cologne With attached and heavy lead seal, papal insignia and inscription In the bottom with several signatures, verso with additional dating and signature of the Procurator Antonio Manfronio The header with calligraphic decoration Enclosed is an explanatory handwritten note Dimensions: 47 x 26 cm In very fine condition Camillo Borghese was Pope of the Catholic Church as Paul V from 1605 to 1621. Since the achievement of the papacy, the Borghese family was among the most influential ancient Roman noble families. During the pontificate of Paul V, the famous Villa Borghese was built. Paul V promoted the economy in the Papal States and built a new water line called 'Acqua Paola' in Rome. In 1605 he further established the papal bank 'Banco di Santo Spirito', the first bank in Rome at all. Pope Paul V is also considered as the intellectual father of the famous Vatican Secret Archives. This Papal Edict is a notary's document for Georg Pauli-Stravius, the auxiliary bishop of Cologne. It is dated at the end: 'apud S(an)ctam mariam maiorem", "Id(ibus) octobris' (=15.10.) 1620. The document is in very fine condition. The leaf is lightly browned due to the material vellum with typical folds. Enclosed is an explanatory handwritten note. Dimensions: 47 x 26.0 cm; plica: 3 cm (double folded with inner handwriting), lead bull: 4 cm. Georg Pauli Stravius (1593-1661) Pauli Stravius was auxiliary bishop of Cologne. He studied philosophy and theology in Rome and received the title of Apostolic protonotary. He was eventually head of the Nunciature chancery in Brussels and in 1626 canon of St. Ursula in Cologne. Since 1633 he was also capitular and from 1640 Titular Bishop of Joppa. He received the episcopal ordination as Auxiliary Bishop of Cologne in Bonn on 17 February 1641 by the Prince-Bishop of Osnabrück, Franz Wilhelm von Wartenberg.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Austrian Chronicle by Archduke Ferdinand - 1 Edition, 1621

Lot 24: Austrian Chronicle by Archduke Ferdinand - 1 Edition, 1621

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Gerardum de Roo, 'ANNALES oder Historische Chronick/ Der Durchleuchtigisten Fürsten und Herren/ Ertzhertzogen zu Oesterreich/ Habspurgischen Stammens...' Augsburg, Johann Schultes, 1621 Gerardum de Roo - Librarian of the Archduke Ferdinand of Austria Conrad Dietz von Weidenberg - Secretary of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria First German edition of the first time published in Latin edition in 1592, about the history of the Archduchy Austria 1 Title page in red and black printing, 10 pages including preface and index 2 full-page portraits and full-page family tree Approx. 480 text-woodcuts with portraits and emblems; woodcut printer's device Original, flexible vellum binding with manuscript title on spine; three sided red coloured edges 481 (recto 471) numbered pages, 23 leafs register Overall dimensions: 31 x 21 x 4 cm In fine to very fine condition Full chronicle in a fine and clean print quality. Fully illustrated work, which includes a detailed overview of the history of the 10th century, portraying famous personalities as well as providing noble families and stalls with heraldic representations. De Roo indeed begun these annals, but after his death they were revised by the Secretary of Archduke Diezen von Weidenberg, who completed and translated it into German. The beginning of the work shows woodcuts of Archduke Ferdinand and his wife Anna Katharina. Verso with the family tree of Rudolph I. (Literature: VD17 23:320206B; Graesse VI/1, 159.) The Chronicle is in fine to very fine condition. The sides are evenly lightly browned yet clean. At the beginning a few sheets in the bottom corner are slightly stained or waterstained. Firm print on strong laid paper. The binding is somewhat wavy due to the vellum and browned. The back cover shows some flaws. The Capitals are slightly torn. Book block is solid and stable. Inside front cover with engraved heraldic bookplate and Alliance emblem of Nordkirchen. Above with handwritten note from 1622 by an owner from Regensburg (Ratisponensis). Sheet size: 31 x 20 cm; Page Layout: 25 x 17 cm; Overall dimensions: 31 x 21 x 4 cm.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Manuscript of Maximilian I. Elector and Duke of Bavaria, 1628

Lot 25: Manuscript of Maximilian I. Elector and Duke of Bavaria, 1628

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Manuscript signed, written on 2 pages of laid paper Germany, 22 August 1628 Maximilian I (1573-1651) - Duke of Bavaria and Elector A (partly autographed) document signed, to an unspecified Count 1 double leaf, first leaf written on the front and back Sheet size: 32 x 20 cm In fine to very fine condition This manuscript, written on both sides, is probably a remission with autographed signature and five lines written by the own hand of Maximilian I, devoted to a Count and friend: "Lieber Herr Graf...". In this letter, the names of Pappenheim and Wallenstein are also mention. Albrecht Wenzel Eusebius Wallenstein is here referred to as Duke of Friedland. The document is in fine to very fine condition. The edges of the solid laid paper are partly soiled with minor blemishes. The sheet was previously folded and smoothed with slight wrinkles at the edges. Maximilian I. (1573-1651) Maximilian I was born 1573 in Munich. He was since 1597 Duke of Bavaria and from 1623 Elector of the Holy Roman Empire. He has the country financially rehabilitated through various reforms and made it more efficient. He was also an influential person of the Counter-Reformation and the Catholic Reformation. As such, he contributed to the enforcement of the dominance of the Catholic side in the Thirty Years' War till 1630.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Johann Konrad Varnbühler to Eberhard III of Württemberg, 1645

Lot 26: Johann Konrad Varnbühler to Eberhard III of Württemberg, 1645

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Autographed letter signed Württemberg, 12.11.1645 Johann Konrad Varnbühler (1595-1657) - Privy council of Würtemberg and co-author of the Privy Peace of Westphalia Eberhard III. Duke of Württemberg (1614-1674) - Eighth Duke of Württemberg 1 sheet, written on front and back Sheet size: 20 x 16.8 cm In fine to very fine condition The privy council of Würtemberg writes to the Eberhad III the Eighth Duke of Württemberg. In this letter he suggests that the duty-free treatment for a wine shipment should not be granted. The letter is in fine condition with slight signs of wear. The paper is browned evenly due to its age, slightly stronger in the margins. It was formerly folded and smoothed. The upper with some marginal blemishes. It is glued on later paper on the left edge. Sheet size: 20 x 16.8 cm. Johann Konrad Varnbühler (1595-1657) Varnbühler played an important role in the peace negotiations of Westphalia peace, where he represented Württemberg. He gained the confidence of Oxenstierna, who in 1633 appointed him secretary of the Federation. He obtained the restitution of Württemberg as complete as no other princely house in Germany after the Peace of Westphalia was ever able to.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Letter by Saxonian Judge Benedikt Carpzow the Younger, 1649

Lot 27: Letter by Saxonian Judge Benedikt Carpzow the Younger, 1649

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Autographed letter signed Saxony, July 19 1649 Benedikt Carpzow, the Younger (1595-1664) - Saxon legal scholar, pseudonym Ludovicus de Montesperato Letter to the presiding judge Johann Friedrich von Brandes in which Carpzow refused a job offer by Brandes 2 sheets, glued together on the back 2 pages written on, fourth page with address Sheet size: 19,4 x 16,0 cm In fine condition In this autographed letter the writer Benedikt Carpzow, the Younger, refused a job offer which was given by the presiding judge Johann Friedrich von Brandes. Carpzow was afraid of possible relocations due to the job. The letter contains of two sheets (two pages written on) which are glued together on the back. The letter is dated to July 19th 1649 and was written in Saxony, presumably at Leipzig where Carpzow lived at that time. The letter is due to its very poor handwriting almost illegible. 'Johann Friedrich von Brandes, Fürstlicher Sächsischer Ausserordentlicher Geheimbder Rath, Aufrichtiger Landespräsident ...' The letter measures 19,4 x 16,0 cm. It is in good age-related condition. It is folded, cut and shows traces of sealing. Benedikt Carpzow, the Younger (1595-1664) The Saxon legal scholar and jugde Benedikt Carpzow, the Younger, also known under his pseudonym Ludovicus de Montesperato, had great achievements in the field of the German criminal and criminal trial law. His works were common textbooks during the 17th century. As a deeply religious and conservative person for him a crime was not only an action against the law and the society but also a sin against god himself. That is why he has been claimed to have issued almost 20,000 death sentences in witch trials.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Official Letter from Duke August of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 1651

Lot 28: Official Letter from Duke August of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 1651

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Letter to the city and office of Elbingerode Wolfenbüttel 20.IX.1651 Augustus the Younger (1579-1666) - Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, founder of the Wolfenbüttel library Letter (from an unknown hand) signed 1 sheet, written on one page Sheet size: 25,0 x 19,6 cm In very fine condition In this letter to the city and the office of Elbingerode August of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel the Younger writes: To 'liebe getrewe'. '...Wir haben nicht unterlaßen, wegen des Zehendten zu Elbingerode, sowohl waß derselbe hiebevor getragen, alß ob die Ambtsäcker davon eximirt und befreyet, erkundigung einzuziehen. Waß nun Unser bediente zur Blanckenburg darauff berichtet, daß geben wir euch aus der beylage zuvernehmen, und stellen es zu eweren weitern nachdencken...' The city and the office Elbingerode, once belonging to the Counts of Stolberg, was gained by Braunschweig in 1653. The letter is in fine condition. The paper is somewhat stained. A corner is cut off. The sheet is trimmed below. The sheet size is 25,0 x 19,6 cm August of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel D. J. (1579-1666) Augustus the Younger was born 1579 in Dannenberg. He was Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. He ruled from 1635 until his death in 1666 and was considered one of the most erudite princes of his time. Due to his immense interest in manuscripts and books, he built up an extensive collection and thus created in Wolfenbüttel Europe's largest library for its time, the 'Herzog August Bibliothek'.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, Letter to Marcello Malpighi, 1664

Lot 29: Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, Letter to Marcello Malpighi, 1664

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Letter signed 'Devotisso Sere Gio. Alf. Borelli' Pisa, Italy, November 6 1664 Giovanni Alfonso Borelli (1608-1679) - Italian physicist and natural scientist Interesting letter to the famous doctor Marcello Malpighi (1628-1694), founder of microscopic anatomy, in Messina 1 sheet, written on first page Sheet size: 28,2 x 20,0 cm In very fine condition Very rare letter from the correspondence of two early modern scientists This letter comes from the correspondence of two early modern natural scientists, the physicist Giovanni Alfonso Borelli and the doctor of medicine Marcello Malpighi. In this letter Borelli said that he was happy to hear that his colleague has recovered from a recent illness. He encouraged Malpighi to continue his studies about the human brain as soon as he has convalesced totally. In this context Borelli mentioned the recently published book by the English anatomist Thomas Willis which he personally does not agree with because it only deals with the soul, imagination and mind. The autographed letter was written by an unknown hand and has the signature 'Devotisso Sere Gio. Alf. Borelli'. It is a very interesting piece of history of science and quite rare. „...Conforme mi aueua afflitto la nuoua dell'indisposizzion di V.S. così mi ha rallegrato l'auuiso del miglioramento datami dal Sr. Catalano, e confermata dalla lettera scritta di propria mano benche stia in letto attendo ella ora à riaversi, e stare allegramente p[er] poter poi continuare i suoi studi et osservazioni intorno al cervello, intorno al qual suggetto il Vuillis non dice coas di momento, p[er]che egli impazza intorno le facultà interne dell'anima dell'immaginazione fantasia fauende, che V.S. uede quando se ne può sap[er]le, io pensauo fargliene fare un sunto, ma il Sr. Fracassati mi dice che gli e ne ha mandato da Bologna due esemplari, ne quali V.S. vedrà, che non toca niùna cosa di quelle, che V.S. ha ritrouato, e p[er]ò quando sarà riauuta potrà con ogni franchezza p[er]fezzionar questa materia, e darla subito fuori. Qui noi non abbiamo cominciato à far niuna osservazione p[er] gli impedimenti de circoli, che V.S. sà quanto occupano i primi giorni dello studio, pure io p[er] i miei bisogni, e p[er] i loro sollecitarò questi amici à trauagliare. Ho ricevuto la risposta del Sr. D. Carlo Gregori al quale scriuerò appresso intanto io la reuerisco affet[uosamen]te anche da parte di questi amici, e gli priego da Dio ottima salute, e tranquillità..." The letter measures 28,2 x 20,0 cm. It is in very fine condition with a tiny burn hole but without loss of written parts. The address part is separated almost completely. Giovanni Alfonso Borelli (1608-1679) The Italian Giovanni Alfonso Borelli was physicist and professor of mathematics in Messina. He dealt also with astronomy like Galilei at the same time. His main achievement lays in the field of biophysics where he studied muscular movements of animals. As this is a field also of medical aspects he got in contact with Marcello Malpighi.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Tuttlinger Good-Conduct Certificate of Thomas Linckh, 1694

Lot 30: Tuttlinger Good-Conduct Certificate of Thomas Linckh, 1694

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Clerk's letter in German language in brown ink on paper Certification of marital birth and freedom from serfdom for Thomas Linckh and his housewife Anna Aldingen, 1 August 1694 Four-sided clerk's letter on two stapled double leaves Calligraphically interesting handwriting On the second leaf with a well-preserved paper covered seal Interesting historical document confirming the freedom from serfdom Sheet size: 32.5 x 20.7 cm In fine condition This is a certification of marital birth and freedom from serfdom for Thomas Linckh and his housewife Anna: „Dorfvogt und Richter zu Aldingen, Tuttlinger Amts, bekunden, dass vor ihnen Thomaß Linckh, bürgerlicher Miteinwohner zu Aldingen, erschienen ist und mitgeteilt hat, dass er sein Bürgerrecht zu Aldingen aufgeben wolle, um sich samt Weib und Kindern zu Eglosheim, Markgröninger Amts, niederzulassen. Deswegen suche er vor ihnen um Ausstellung eines Geburtsbriefes an, der bezeugt, daß er und sein Weib von ehrlichen und redlichen Eltern entsprossen sind, niemanden in Leibeigenschaft ergeben sind und sich überhaupt redlich verhalten. Also urkunden obengenannte Dorfvogt und Richter, unter Wahrung ihrer Pflichten gegenüber Eberhard Ludwig, Herzog zu Württemberg und Teck, Graf zu Mömpelgard, Herr zu Heidenheimetc., dass oben genannter Thomas Linckh von Jacob Linckh, gewesenem Einwohner allhier, und Maria Grunlerin, seiner Hausfrau, desgleichen sein Weib Anna Linckhin von Michel Linckh, gewesenem bürgerlichem Insassen zu Tuningen, und Barbara Linckhin , seinem Eheweib, alle vier nunmehr selig, als christlöblich verlobten, eingesegneten Eheleuten, rechten Vätern und Müttern, im Stand der heiligen Ehe ehrlich erzeugt wurden.Desgleichen haben sie sich - soweit uns bekannt ist - jederzeit fromm und ehrlich verhalten.Außerdem sindbeide Eheleute bezüglich der Leibeigenschaft gegenüber jedermann frei.Also können sie vermög dieses Privilegiums frei und ungehindert hinziehen, auch Schutz- und Bürgerrecht, sodann Stadt- und Marktrecht annehmen, wo es ihnen beliebt.Siegler: Georg Friedrich Beer, Licentiat beider Rechte, Amtmann und Keller zu Tuttlingen." The document is in fine condition with slight signs of use. The sheet was once folded several times and smoothed. The laid paper is evenly browned and partly stained. In the folds and outer edges with slight blemishes and minimal imperfections. Sheet size: 32.5 x 20.7 cm.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Frederick Augustus I. - Sale of the Saxon Post Office, 1705

Lot 31: Frederick Augustus I. - Sale of the Saxon Post Office, 1705

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Historical economic document of the first rank: Treaty on the privatization of the Saxon post Leipzig, 13 January 1705 Friederick Augustus I (1670-1733) - also known as 'Augustus the Strong', Elector of Saxony and King of Poland German handwriting on paper 6 1/2 pages handwriting in brown ink on paper With large paper-covered arms of alliance Seal Bound with two-color twisted cords Sheet size: 32 x 20 cm In very fine condition This manuscript is a contract on behalf of the elector Frederick Augustus I. It is an important source for Postal history, and at the same time an example of the actions of Augustus the Strong, to fill the ever-empty government coffers: From the 'Königl Pohln. und Churfürstl. Sächß. Teutschen Geheimen Cammer Canzley" ausgefertigte Zweitschrift eines Kaufvertrages mit Rückkaufsrecht zwischen dem Kurfürsten und dem Leipziger Kommerzienrat und Oberpostmeister Jacob Käs, betreffend die Übernahme des gesamten kursächsischen Postwesens, mit Ausnahme der Oberlausitz, die dem "General Erbpostmeister" Jacob Heinrich Graf von Flemming vorläufig überlassen bleiben soll. Jacob Käs erwirbt die Postverwaltung für zwei Jahre zum Preis von 200.000 Talern, "welche ... auch Wir an guter gültiger wechselzahlung in Leipzig von ihm baar empfangen laßen, solches sofort zu Unsern und Unserer Nachfolger an der Chur scheinbaren nuzen verwendet". Mit dem Verkauf gelangt "Unser OberPostambt Leipzig und Postwesen mit allen Zubehörungen ... in eine rechte und würkliche Besizung und possession, wie solche zu recht am kräfftigsten und beständigsten geschehen mag. Zu welchem ende Wir besondere Commissarien benennet, die diese anweisung und einsezung verrichten, auch die sämbtl. Postbedienten, OberPostverwalter, Secretarien, Copiisten, Postmeister, Posthalter und postilionen mit ihren pflichten an den Käuffer verweisen, ihme über derselben Bestell-, und cassirung freye macht und gewalt einräumen, auch daß Wir in allen das Postwesen angehenden Sachen, gehörigen Verrichtungen und Verbrechen sich seines bescheides zu unterwerffen haben, anzeigen und befehlen sollen, jedoch daß es bey der von Uns vorgeschriebenen Posttaxe und Ordnung so wohl in beförderung der passagiers alß brieff und paqueten sein unverändertes Verbleiben habe, auch die unter ihm stehende sämtliche Postbediente zur ungebühr nicht beschweret werden ...' Furthermore with detailed rules regarding the repurchase, contract renewal in terms of outstanding termination, etc. The original contract is to be found in the Dresden State Archives - here we have one of the usual duplicates issued by the electoral law firm, but not signed by the Electors. This piece is in very fine condition. The solid laid paper is evenly lightly browned. Friederick Augustus I (1670-1733) August the Strong comes from the Albertine line of the princely family of Wettin. As of 1697 he was King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (as Augustus II in personal union). He is regarded as one of the most colorful figures of courtly splendor of the late 17th and early 18th century and is considered a prototype of absolutist self-expression due to his active construction and very strong passion for collecting magnificent art work- which has a lasting effect to this day. Under Frederick Augustus I the Electorate experienced an enormous economic, infrastructural and cultural prosperity.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Letter of Recommendation by Karl Ludwig von Pollnitz, 1716

Lot 32: Letter of Recommendation by Karl Ludwig von Pollnitz, 1716

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Letter of recommendation by Baron von Pollnitz to the legation councilor Schaumann in Regensburg Nuremberg, 30 March 1716 Karl Ludwig Baron von Pollnitz (1692-1775) - writer and adventurer, 1740 Grand Master of Ceremonies of Frederick the Great and memoirist Autographed letter signed With seal track and address 2 written pages Sheet size: 16,7 x 20,3 cm In fine condition Karl Ludwig Baron von Pollnitz writes to the legation councilor Schaumann in Regensburg, to whom he recommends the traveler and writer Johann Michael von Loën (1694-1776) '... Da ich dermahln in gewiβen affairen mich alhier in Nürnberg befunden, habe ich die Ehre mitt Hn. Uberbringern den von Loen in Bekandtschafft zu kommen welchen als einen sehr qualificirten und mitt vielen distinguirten meriten begabten Cavallier ich hierdurch ... recommendire...' The document is in fine condition. The address sheet is partly torn at the seal point. The sheet size is 16,7 x 20,3 cm. Karl Ludwig Baron von Pollnitz (1692-1775) Karl Ludwig von Pollnitz, als known as Karl Ludwig Wilhelm Baron von Pollnitz, comes from a noble family in Thuringia and was born 1692 in Issum near the Dutch border, which belonged to the Electorate of Cologne at that time. He was a Prussian writer and adventurer who spent his final decades of life at the court of Frederick II.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Letter Frederick William I to the Privy von Massow, 1718

Lot 33: Letter Frederick William I to the Privy von Massow, 1718

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Frederick William I, also called 'Soldatenkönig', wrote to the privy council von Massow Berlin, 27.08.1718 Frederick William I (1688-1740) - also known as 'Soldatenkönig', King in Prussia and father of Frederick the Great Letter (from an unknown hand) signed With handwritten note of Frederick William I 1 written page Sheet size: 25,3 x 19,0 cm In fine conditionThis letter by the 'Soldatenkönig' Frederick William I. is addressed to the privy council von Massow: '... Mir ist Ew: Schreiben ... wohl behändiget worden, und da Ihr nun mehro balde hier seyn werdet, so werde das plaisir haben Euch mündl. zu versicheren, daβ Ich bin / Ew: wohl affectionnirter König'. The letter is still in fine condition. The paper shows slight foxing and few small tears. The left edge has been reinforced on the back. The sheet size is 25,3 x 19,0 cm. Frederick William I (1688-1740) Frederick William I was born 1688 in Berlin. He comes from the House of Hohenzollern and was King in Prussia and Margrave of Brandenburg and Elector of the Holy Roman Empire. He was known as 'Soldatenkönig' and ruled Prussia from 1713 to 1740. During his tenure, he pushed for the establishment of Prussia as an independent military power and created a comprehensive state finance. Because of his reforms people called him 'Preußens größter innerer König'.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Engraving as testimony of the stock market bubble in 1720

Lot 34: Engraving as testimony of the stock market bubble in 1720

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Copper engraving on laid paper Amsterdam, Zotte en Wyze, D. Onder de Linden, 1720 Copper engraving titled "DE ACTIEWERELD OP HAAR EINDE" From the work: " Het groote Tafereel der Dwaasheid" Large size engraving to the first stock market bubble, the so-called "South Sea Bubble" named after the world wide stock market fraud caused by John Law (1671-1729) Sheet size: 32 x 40.5 cm Plate size: 30 x 38.5 cm In very fine condition This present engraving is the most famous illustration from the above work about the first speculation and eventually caused financial crisis. It is therefore an important document of the financial capitalism in the early 18th Century: '"SOLANGE DER GIERIGE MENSCH GELD UND WAREN HAT, FINDET DER BETRÜGER IMMER SEINEN WEG, DENN DIE GIERIGEN UND NAIVEN FÜTTERN IHN!" (from: „Het groote Tafereel der Dwaasheid") The share prices of the company "Compagnie d'Occident" (also known as "Mississippi Company"), founded 1717 by Scotsman John Law (1671-1729), were driven in the air by land speculation for the exploitation of the French colonies in America, which is why Law printed constantly new shares and banknotes until the system finally collapsed in 1720, and France plunged into a severe economic crisis. When the stock market bubble exploded in 1719/1720 the shares were worthless and there was an international financial scandal. The engraving is in very fine condition. A beautiful and very rich print. Only very minimally stained due to its age. Plate size: 30 x 38.5 cm. Sheet size: 32 x 40.5 cm. Historical Background When King Louis XIV died in 1715, the annual interest on the public debt was even already greater than the current revenues of the state in France. During this time, John Law had submitted some European courts to great sounding financing projects, but only France became interested. Law soon got permission to build a private credit bank, which was converted shortly afterwards into a state bank. The bank distributed 'papers' that should be covered by land and therefore can be replaced with metallic money. In 1718 Laws 'papers' were recognized as state paper money. Trade and commerce flourished in the subsequent period and the interest rates fell. Meanwhile, John Law had taken another establishment, the 'Mississippi Company'. It aimed towards the colonization of the region along the Mississippi River. By May 1720, 500 ships were built or bought. There was a spirit of optimism and euphoria. In this situation the State helped himself with a bill printing press. The consequences were rising prices - not only for goods but also for stocks. The papers of Law's Mississippi Company increased in a few years from 500 to 18,000 Livres. But soon, the banks could no longer redeem the notes. Law was looking for a way out when the nominal value has been halved. The consequence was that all of France revolted and Law had to flee the country.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Prince Eugen of Savoy - Handwritten and Signed Letter, 1722

Lot 35: Prince Eugen of Savoy - Handwritten and Signed Letter, 1722

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Letter signed 'Eugene de Savoye' , 14-line handwriting in brown ink on paper Vienna, 21.03.1722 Prince Eugene of Savoy (1663-1736) - Imperial Field Marshal, called 'noble knight' Handwritten letter from Prince Eugen in French to Madame d'Azevedo Jallet douairière in Mechelen With paper-covered Seal of the Prince 1 sheet, folded Sheet size: 31.2 x 21.5 cm In fine conditionThis autographed and signed letter in French is written by the General Field Marshal Prince Eugene of Savoy, called "noble knight". He wrote to Madame d'Azevedo Jallet douairière in Mechelen because of a lagging payment. Vienna, 21.03.1722. The letter is in fine condition with signs of use. The sheet was formerly folded and smoothed several times. The address field shows large thumb tear and is more soiled. There is no loss of text. In the edges lightly browned and wrinkled. Sheet size: 31.2 x 21.5 cm. Written script: 14 x 18 cm. Prince Eugene of Savoy (1663-1736) Prince Eugen was born 1663 in Paris. He was one of the most famous generals of the House of Austria and main supporter of the great power of Austria within Europe. He was commander in chief from 1697 in the Great Turkish War and commander in chief of the anti-French allies during the Spanish War of Succession (1701-1714). After the resumption of the war against the Ottomans (1714-1718), he secured the Austrian domination in Eastern Europe. In addition to that, he was longtime president of the courtly council of war and diplomat. As building contractor and art collector, he was one of the most important patrons of his time.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Abraham v. Diepenbeke, Equestrian Portrait Charles II, 1737

Lot 36: Abraham v. Diepenbeke, Equestrian Portrait Charles II, 1737

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Copper engraving from the horse's book by William Cavendish, colored and heightened in gold Great Britain, 1737 (first edition 1658) Abraham van Diepenbeke (1599-1675) - Dutch painter and student of Rubens William Cavendish (1592-1676) - 1 Duke of Newcastle, English general and riding instructor Upper left with title cartouche, in the lower edge of the text inscribed 'Abr van Diepenbeek inu. C. Caukercken fecit' The engraving depicts King Charles II on the outskirts of London with arms on horseback, surrounded by angels Sheet size: 57 x 46.5 cm In fine condition This engraving shows the English King Charles II on the outskirts of London with arms on horseback, surrounded by angels. The angel couple on top is holding scepter and crown, a lower angel wears his helmet as a squire. In the background the skyline of the city of London becomes visible as well as a fight scene with guns, dragons and soldiers at the bottom left. This copper engraving is a quite impressive view of the famous horse book of 1658 'A general System of Horsemanship in all it`s Branches' by William Cavendish, the 1st Duke of Newcastle. The engraving comes from the issue published in 1737. This highly decorative engraving is in good condition with firm pressure and strong bright color, which is an expensive newer color in the style of a contemporary coloration. The leaf is browned in the edges and slightly wavy. A tiny, little hole appears at the center fold, visible only against the light. There are two fixed paper tears backed with Japanese paper at the edges, which do not affect the appearance. There is a small water stain on the right edge. Sheet size 57 x 46.5 cm; dimensions plate: 50.5 x 38.5 cm. Abraham van Diepenbeke (1599-1675) Abraham van Diepenbeke was an important painter of the Dutch school and one of the most famous students of Rubens, who was also known for his portraits of mythological and historical images. In 1638 he was admitted to the guild of painters and appointed director of the Academy of Antwerp in 1641. After a trip to Italy he began to paint oil paintings and worked as an illustrator for books. During the reign of Charles I. he was in England, where he visited Newcastle and portrayed the Duke and his family. As the duke conceived his book on the art of riding, he commissioned Diepenbeek with the illustration of his work containing 40 drawings, which in the end should serve as templates for the required engravings.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Frederick II to Duhan de Jandun, his 'True Father', 1737

Lot 37: Frederick II to Duhan de Jandun, his 'True Father', 1737

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Sensational letter composed in verses by the Crown Prince to his friend and former teacher Duhan de Jandun, in French 'Federic,' Rheinberg ("Remusberg"), 9 October 1737 Frederick II (1712-1786) - also known as 'the Great', from 1740 King in and from 1772 King of Prussia and Prince of Brandenburg Autographed letter signed 'Federic' Two and a half pages Sheet size: 24,0 x 18,2 cm In fine to very fine condition In verses composed letter by Crown Prince Frederick II to his friend and former teacher Duhan de Jandun (Jacques Égide D. Younger, 1685-1746), 'treuen Führer seiner frühesten Jugend' (the faithful leader of his earliest youth) who for his sake after the escape attempt of 1730 had been exiled. Frederick writes to him about the development of his character: 'Monsieur. De mes plus jeunes ans, fidelle Conducteur Cher Duhan qui sait joindre au savoir d'un Docteur L'aisance La gaité les graces et la joye qui de la Calomnie enfein deveint la proye lorsque ses noir Serpents repandant leurs véneins Sembloit Se Dechenér contre tout les humains. Dans les bras de L'ereur ma tinmide Inosence dormoit d'un profond somme au sein de l'ignorance quand minerve avec toi Le flambeau dans la Main De l'imortallité m'ensegnia le chemin De loin tu me Montras le Temple de la gloire De tout les vrais heros l'on y trouve l'histoire L'auguste Verité Chaste fille Des Cieux et sa saeur L'equité president dans ces lieux ... ah! si toujours Docille à tes doctes lessons j'avois pû me tirér de mes Distractions mais ce monstre Rival d'une sage entreprise pour la faire echouér Sans saice se deguisse D'une Voix de Sirene et d'un ton Imposteur il nous ramplis l'esprit d'un mensonge flateur et quand sens le savoir son apas nous entrene tout nos soins sont perdus et nostre etude est vaine ainci mon cher Duhan, Dans l'age des plaisirs j'etois le vil youoit d'impetueux desirs Dans l'eté de mes jours devenû plus solide Minerve de Mes pas Devroit etre le guide Mais helas! la sagesse est rarement le fruit D'un concours acablant de tumulte et de bruit c'est pourquoi retiré dans l'ombre du Silance je cherche quoi que tard la vetû la Science ...' At the end of the poem Friedrich referred to Duhan as his 'true father': „je te dois plus enfein qu'à l'auteur de mes jours Il me donna la vie en ses jeunes amours. mais celui qui m'instruit dont la raison m'eclere c'est mon nourisiér et c'est la mon seule pere. Le loisir que j'ai eu pendant le sejour que je fais ici m'a donné lieu de vous tenir parolle, voici mon chér Des vers puisque Vous en vouléz, le malheur est que je ne suis pas poete, et qu'il faloit sentir tout ce que je sens pour vous, pour le pouvoir exprimer en quelque maniere. ne me faite pas l'ingure de prendre les veritéz qui sont contenues dans cette piece des fictions poetiques et ne doutéz jamais de la part que je prens à tout ce qui Vous regarde ..." Also as King Frederick remained loyal to Duhan; from the marching into Berlin on 28.XII.1745, after the victorious war ended, he stole away to visit a dying friend. (Literature: Oeuvres de Frédéric le Grand, Volume 17, pp. 307 ff) The letter is in fine to very fine condition. The leaves are slightly stained with traces of mounting. The sheet size is 24,0 x 18,2 cm. Frederick II (1712-1786) Frederick II, also called Frederick the Great or Old Fritz, was from 1740 king in Prussia and from 1772 King of Prussia and Elector of Brandenburg. He was descended from the noble house of Hohenzollern. Frederick is considered a representative of enlightened absolutism. He described himself as 'the first servant of the state'. The three Silesian wars agains Austria for the possession of Silesia led to the German dualism. After the last of these wars, the Seven Years War from 1756 to 1763, Prussia was recognized as the fifth great power along with France, Great Britain, Austria and Russia in the European pentarchy.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Letter by Johann Samuel König to Madame de Graffigny, c. 1740

Lot 38: Letter by Johann Samuel König to Madame de Graffigny, c. 1740

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Autographed letter signed Presumably France, end of 1739 or beginning of 1740 Johann Samuel König (1712-1757) - German mathematician, philosopher and friend of Voltaire Letter to Françoise d'Issembourg d'Happoncourt, Madame de Graffigny containing gossip around Chateau Cirey 1 double sheet, all pages written on With signature 'SK' (or Brouillon), no date and place is given Sheet size: 22,2 x 16,8 cm In fine condition Very interesting object from the letter-writing era which shows everyday life and entanglements in and around a French court This autographed letter by Johann Samuel König to Madame de Graffigny tells the story of the disagreement between him and marquise Émilie du Châtelet whom he teached mathematics and philosophy at Chateau Cirey in 1739 . He also has helped her to get her paper 'Institutions de Physique' ready for publishing. But she did not admit the importance of his part of the work which he complains about. „J ai bien des sujets pour me plaindre de Madame du Chatelet mais le plus grand est assurément qelle est la cause que je ne Vous ai plus vû. Notre afaire a fait enfin un Eclat comme un bombe qui cesse de bruler.Je compte de finir mal, mais j ay infiniment plus mal finir, avec cette femme qui ne connoit aucune Regles d'honneur et de probité. Je serois un jour a Vous conter tout ce qui s'est passé entre nous du depuis, comment Vous pourrois l'ecrire. Bref cette femme qui ne trouvait au commencement aucun present assés considerable pour moi; comme Vous le savés, bien loin de m'offrir quelque chose n'a pas seulement daigné me remercier; m'a fait manger depuis deux mois chez un Rotisseur en Lui composant son Livre a 10. Sous par repas, et huit jours avant son depart, Elle fait dire a cet Aubergiste qu'Elle ne payeroit plus rien pour ma depensé. Tant d'indigneté m'a offensé a un point que je lui ai ecrit une Lettre fort vive, et lui ai demandé quelle me payat mon tems. Devinés combien ? 400 Liv pour 8 mois; Qu'at elle fait ? elle m'en a voulû rabattre 48. La dessus je lui ai recrit que je lui faisois present de toute la somme. Elle pour me deshonorer donne commission a Mr. de Montigni, et Maupertuis de venir marchander avec moi, qui sont venû fort irrités contre moi de toutes les horreurs qu'Elle leur avoit dit. Et moi n'osant pas relever le secret du livre je passois pour coupable. Non contente de ce bel expoit, Elle s en va me denigrer chez Mr. de Reaumure, et dire toutes les infamies sur mon compte. Encore voulois je partir sans parler à Personne du veritable fond du mistere. Mais un Ami m'ayant fait raport de tout ce que Mad: du chatelet a fait pour me deshonorer, aussi bien que les deputés. J ai eté les trouver aujourd'hui, leur ai fait part lettres et papier en main, tous les procedés infames qu'a eu avec moi, et je Les ai quittés detestant la perfidie, et l'abomination de Madame du Chatelet ; qui sachant qu'jl ne tenoit qu'a moi de la rendre ridicule a l'univers et à la posterité, ne craint cependant point de m'attaque si ouvertement et malignement. J'ai envoié ce soir une plus pleine justification a Mr: de Maupertuis qui contient de quoi faire la france, et nos fils et petit fils de la sotte vanité de cette femme.Faites moi la grace Madame, sans faire semblant que je Vous aie ecrit, de parler a Maupertuis, et de lui dire ce que Vous savés, pour que nous venions a bout de detruire dans une femme qui nous avons egalement sujet de detester. Je Vous baise les mains et les pieds plaignes un homme qui Vous adore, et qui est malheureux par la perfidie de Votre Ennemie. Jamais je n'ai plus mal placé mon Amitié, chez moi je suis deshonoré ou avoir vecû avec Elle ; Icy Elle voudroit que je le fusse aussi pour le salaire de mes travaux. Pour vû que Vous ayes un peu d'Amitié pour moi, je me croirois richement dedommagé Je suis avec une consideration infinite Madame Votre très humble serviteur. S.K. P.S.Permettes que je Vous donne de mes nouvelles et que je Vous demande des Votres aussitôt que je serai arrivé. Ne parles a personne de ce que Vous saves, car si cela transpiroit jusqu'à Bruxelles ; Vous auries deux Diables contre Vous. Faites venir Maupertuis incessament, pendant qu'jl a encore dans la memoire ce que je lui ai dit ; mais ne faites pas semblant que je Vous en aye parlé. Adieu mille fois" The letter is written on all four pages of a double sheet and no place and date is given. It was created presumably at the end of 1739 or early 1740. The letter measures 22,2 x 16,8 cm. It is in a fine to very fine condition. Françoise d'Issembourg d'Happoncourt, Madame de Graffigny (1695-1758) Mme de Graffigny was a writer and salonnière. She was at Chateau Cirey in 1738 when Madame du Châtelet just started her affair with Voltaire. Almost everything we know about this affair we know from her. Gabrielle Émilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, Marquise du Châtelet-Laumont (1706-1749) „Madame du Châtelet" was the famous French mathematician, physicist, philosopher Gabrielle Émilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, Marquise du Châtelet-Laumont, known as Émilie du Châtelet. She translated Newton's ‚Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica' from the original Latin to French. Her translation became the textbook which was in use throughout Europe to explain Newton's theories.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Charles VII: Printing Privilege for Franz Varrentrapp, 1742

Lot 39: Charles VII: Printing Privilege for Franz Varrentrapp, 1742

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Printing privilege for the Frankfurt book dealer Franz Varrentrapp (1706-1786) Frankfurt a.M., 03.14.1742 Emperor Charles VII (1697-1745) - Charles Albert of Bavaria Wittelsbach, successor of Charles VI, as Karl Albrecht I. Elector of Bavaria Certificate signed One side described in Latin With paper covered seal With countersignature of the Vice Chancellor Johann Georg Graf von Königsfeld Sheet size: 51 x 72 cm (Imperial Folio, landscape) Fine condition Provenance: From the collection Künzelmann This document is a privilege for the Frankfurt book dealer Franz Varrentrapp (1706-1786) to print a 'Dictionaire nouveau des Langues les plus usitées en Europe, savoir l'Italienne, la Francoise l'Allemande, et la Latine'. It further bears a countersignature of the Vice Chancellor Johann Georg Graf von Königsfeld. This document is in fine condition with slight marginal blemishes and some folding traces. The sheet size is 51 x 72 cm Kaiser Karl VII (1697-1745) Karl Albrecht of Bavaria Wittelsbach was born in 1697 in Brussels. He is the successor of Charles VI and was as Karl Albrecht I Elector of Bavaria. After the death of Emperor Charles VI in 1740 he claimed the Archduchy Austria and the Kingdom of Bohemia and was from 1742 to 1745 Charles VII, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. He was the first non-Habsburg on the throne since 1437. He also owned to him that Goethe's father was appointed the Imperial Council.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Certificate of Emperor Francis I of Habsburg-Lorraine, c. 1750

Lot 40: Certificate of Emperor Francis I of Habsburg-Lorraine, c. 1750

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Autographed certificate signed Without locality and date, presumably around 1750 Emperor Francis I (1708-1765) - Franz Stephan von Lothringen, successor of Charles VII and husband of Empress Maria Theresa and founder of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine One leaf written half page Sheet size: 20,0 x 15,3 cm In very fine condition This document is presumably a commission: 'com jekspedi ce matten a mon frer quelun je souet savoyre ce que le Courie de Dresen a a porte ensi mande le moy / Francois'. ('Comme j'expédie ce matin à mon frère quelqu'un, je souhaite savoir ce que le courier de Dresde a apporté; ainsi mandez-le moi.') Adressed with "mon frer" is Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine (1712-1780), Field Marshal, Governor and Captain-General of the Netherlands. The document is in very fine condition. the sheet is evenly lightly browned. Sheet size: 20,0 x 15,3 cmEmperor Francis I (1708-1765) Francis Stephen of Lorraine was born 1708 in Nancy. As Francis III he was Duke of Lorraine and Bar from 1729-1737, as Francis II Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1737-1765 and in 1740 co-regent in the Habsburg dominions. Eventually as Francis I, he was Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1745 and married to Maria Theresa of Habsburg. They were founders of the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Clemens August, Archbishop of Cologne-Certificate, around 1735

Lot 41: Clemens August, Archbishop of Cologne-Certificate, around 1735

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Certificate signed, in German with attached seal of the bishop Cologne, presumably around 1735 Clemens August of Bavaria (1700-1761) - Elector and Archbishop of Cologne from 1723-1761 Wax seal in boxwood capsule Sheet size: 52 x 33.5 cm Seal diameter: 5.8 cm In fine condition This Lot is a large size autographed vellum certificate of Clemens August, Archbishop of Cologne, in a matter concerning 'Maria Elisabetha Schellkons, genannt Cochius'. Also mentioned are Johann Engelbert in Wesel, Marx Schönhoven, Joseph Clemnitz and Alexander Cochius. The document is sealed and signed in the lower right edge of J. Fr Clesse. This document is in fine condition with slight signs of use. The sheet is folded several times and evenly tanned due to the vellum. In the folds partly stained or water stained. The folds show some tears and blemishes. The seal is broken and with small imperfections. The capsule lid of the seal is missing. Sheet size: 52 x 33.5 cm; Seal diameter: 5.8 cm. Clemens August of Bavaria (1700-1761) Clemens August of Bavaria comes from the House of Wittelsbach. He is often referred to as 'Lord of the five churches' because he was not only elector and archbishop of Cologne, but also Prince-Bishop of Paderborn, Münster, Hildesheim and Osnabrück and thus one of the most influential ecclesiastical princes of his time.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Moses Mendelssohn, Philosophic Manuscript, pres. Berlin 1755

Lot 42: Moses Mendelssohn, Philosophic Manuscript, pres. Berlin 1755

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Autographed manuscript Presumably Berlin, spring 1755 Moses Mendelssohn (1729-1786) - German Enlightenment philosopher and founder of the Mendelssohn family Critique of Johann Georg Sulzer's "Essai sur le bonheur des Etres intelligens" which the philosopher submitted the Berlin Academy of Sciences in 1754 5 ¼ pages, with handwritten deletions and additions Sheet size: 21 x 17 cm In very fine conditionMendelssohn, who had been introduced by Lessing to Johann Georg Sulzer, probably received from the philosopher the manuscript "Essai sur le bonheur des Etres intelligens" in the spring of 1755 with a request to give his opinions in form of comments. The autographed manuscript was thereupon written. It includes 5 ¼ pages and is provided with handwritten deletions and additions. Beginning:'Es kann ernstlich seyn, dass ich nicht recht in die sehr abstrakte Begrife des H. Professors entrirt bin. Da ich mir aber viel Mühe gegeben, diesen neuen Lehrsatz deutlich einzusehen; so habe ô umhin gekont, alles aufzusetzen, was mir dabey eingefallen ist. p. 3 / Le bonheur - d'accord. Ich weis ô, ob die gantze Welt auch hierin einstimmen sollte. Ein plötzlicher Tod, der mich in einem tiefen Schlafe überfiele, ein heimlicher Gift, der mich gantzlich fühllos machte, würde mir eigentlich keine Schmertzen verursachen, und dennoch unstreitig meiner Glükseeligkeit Abbruch thun." (Der Absatz ist durchgestrichen.) p. 4 / La premiere - de la nature. Fehlt hier ô eine 3te Quelle der Schmertzen?, nehmlich die Misstimmung der allgemeinen Gesetze der Bewegung, mit den jenigen Gesetzen, die zur Erhaltung unsers Körpers erfordert werden, daraus die Krankheiten entstehen, oder wollen der H. Professor hier von den Mängels des Körpers abstrahiren, weil sie ô nothwendig allen Geistern zukommen? Sie gedenken aber p. 10 der Vergnügungen der Sinne. p. 10 - 11 / Pour etre - intelligences. Die Regeln der Ordung und der Schönheit der grossen Welt, streiten ô selten mit den Regeln der Ordnung, die zu den sinnlichen Vergnügungen dienen. Es ist also zu den Vergnügungen der Sinne genug, wenn alle Bewegungen in unserem Körper nach den Regeln seiner eigenen Schönheit erfolgen. Was gehen uns, in so weit wir nur die sinnlichen Vergnügungen betrachten, die Regeln der Ordnung und der Schönheit des Gantzen an?p. 11 / am Ende / agreable. Nicht allenthalben in der Welt muss Schönheit und Ordnung zu finden seyn. Es ist genug, wenn dieses verständige Wesen nur Schönheit, und Ordnung darin wahrnimt.p. 12 / Les plaisirs - influer. Wenn aber das wahre moralische Vergnügen, in der Richtigkeit unserer Handlung liegt, und die Lust an anderer Geister Glükseeligkeit nur gleichsam als ein Zweig von diesem Stamme anzusehen ist; so wird vielleicht eine weitläufigere Einsicht zu einem vollkommenen moralischen Vergnügen, als zu einem blos verständlichen erfordert.' (The paragraph is crossed out)p. 15 / Vous etes - dans la lune? Ist das Gleichnis auch dem vorhabenden Falle anpassend? Die Vertheidiger des Ungefährs geben doch vermuthlich wirkende Ursachen in der Welt zu; sie nehmen die Physik eben sowohl an, als diejenige die eine Gottheit anbeten. Sie behaupten nur es bedürfe vielmehr keiner Ursache, warum die Welt vielmehr entstanden als ô entstanden, und vielmehr so als anders wirklich geworden ist. Sind nun in dieser Welt eine Menge von Ursachen zusammen gekommen, mein Wesen zu bilden (das Wesen ist immer nur nothwendig möglich, es müssen aber Ursachen da seyn, die es würklich machen) meine Begierden und Wünsche zu veranlassen, und mich zu demjenigen zu machen, der ich bin; Warum soll es also unwahrscheinlich seyn, dass eben dieser Zusammenfluss von wirkenden Ursachen, mit seiner eigenen Wirkung mir meinen Begierden übereinstimmen sollte? Ein anders aber ist es, wenn ich aus dieser Anordnung der wirkenden Ursachen heraus gerissen, und in den Mond versetzt werde....' - Followed by six to eight pages of explanations.The End: p. 34 / Si ce monde - du monde entier. Auch hier begreife ich nicht, wie dieses möglich sey. Sollen wir diese Welt deutlich fassen (ich nehme hier das Wort deutlich in seiner strengsten Bedeutung) so müssen wir auch alle Verbindungen in der Welt, so wohl als alles, was in einer jeden andern möglichen Verbindung erfolgt seyn würde, deutlich einsehen. Wir hätten also eine Erkenntnis aller möglichen Welten, das heisst unser Verstand wäre unendlich'. The manuscript was published in the anniversary edition, Vol 2 ('Schriften zur Philosophie und Ästhetik ', edited by Fritz Bamberger and others, Berlin, 1931.), Pp. 27-33; for the first time after the manuscript ('im Besitz des Herrn Franz v. Mendelssohn'). The manuscript measures 21 x 17 cm and is in very fine condition. Moses Mendelssohn (1729-1786) Moses Mendelssohn was born in Dessau in 1729. His mother, Rachel Sara Wahl, came from an old Jewish family, to whom important people of Polish-Jewish history belonged. Mendelssohn was a philosopher of the Enlightenment and is considered a pioneer of the Haskalah, which refers in particular to the Jewish movement of the Enlightenment from 1770-1880, emanating from Berlin.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Maria Theresa - Glorious Diploma of Nobility with Seal, 1764

Lot 43: Maria Theresa - Glorious Diploma of Nobility with Seal, 1764

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Document signed - heraldic letter for Franz Karl Mohr, judge and court clerk Vienna, 28 October 1764 Maria Theresa of Austria (1717-1780) - Princess of the Habsburg Dynasty, reigning Archduchess of Austria and Queen Manuscript of 23-lines with calligraphic decoration on the first Initial With emblem in the predominant colors of gold, red and blue Dimensions: 78.5 cm x 47 cm In fine condition Very decorative and appealing 23-line handwriting with calligraphic decoration on the initial. The 10 x 7 cm large embelm comes in the prevailing colors of gold, red and blue and shows a Moor as a symbol of Franz Karl Mohr. Particularly impressive is the extremely large imperial emblem-wax seal with a diameter of 13.5 cm. The seal is located in the corresponding twisted wooden capsule. An excerpt from the content of the document states: „...Wir gerueheten als der Zeit regierende Frau und Landfürstin in Tyrol ihme zu mehrerer Authentifizierung seiner vielfältig auszufertigen habenden gerichtlichen Instrumenten einen Wappenbrief und anmit die Siegelmässigkeit zu ertheilen ...' The official fees stamp is located as usual in the upper left corner, the counter-signature was made on the Pica. The document is in fine condition. The writing is partly somewhat rubbed. The sheet is little stained due to the vellum and slightly dusty in the folds. With few small, restored imperfections. The heraldic illuminations is partly oxidized and rubbed. The seal with some supplemented marginal belmishes. Dimensions: vellum document: 78.5 cm x 47 cm; heraldic painting: 10.0 x 7 cm, diameter wax seal: 13.5 cm. Maria Theresa, Archduchess of Austria (1717-1780) She was among the most influential monarchs of the era of enlightened absolutism. So she successfully gained the election and coronation of her husband Franz Stephan Roman-German Emperor in 1745 (and was, although not self-crowned, henceforth called Empress). After the death of her husband in 1765 her sons Joseph II and Leopold II followed as Holy Roman German Emperors. Without own power and without significant military or political talent, Maria Theresa's husband Franz Stephan devoted himself primarily to the financial security of the imperial family - with which he was very successful. The government affairs were led by Maria Theresa alone. She had to face the War of Austrian Succession immediately after the commencement of the reign. Although she lost Silesia to Prussia, but managed to maintain all other Habsburg possessions. In economic policy she pursued a newer form of mercantilism.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
4 Volumes from the Library of Frederick Augustus III.

Lot 44: 4 Volumes from the Library of Frederick Augustus III.

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Four magnificent Maroquin-bindings from the Saxon royal palace of Frederick Augustus III. of Saxony (stamp) Herissant & Estienne, Paris, 1764 Frederick Augustus III. (1750-1827) - Electoral prince and first King of Saxony Green Maroquin-bindings with gilt embossed cover, plain back ornament, gilt title labels and gilt edging on three sides On the front pages with the Saxon royal stamps of the 18th and 19th century Dimensions: 18 x 11 x 9.5 cm In very fine condition These four royal bindings include the French "paraphrase Morale de Plusieurs Seaumes", Parts I-II, also Volume III of the "Conference Synodaux" and Volume II of the "Conferences et Mandemems" which Friedrich August could use for his ambitious political negotiations from time to time. The volumes are in excellent condition. Covers, book blocks and paper show only slight signs of wear. Dimensions: 18 x 11 x 9,5 cm. Frederick Augustus III. (1750-1827) Frederick Augustus the Just was from 1763 elector as Friedrich August III. and in 1806 the first King of Saxony. In 1791 he arranged the "Declaration of Pillnitz" but did not sign it. He threatened - in agreement with Emperor Leopold II - with a military intervention against the French Revolution, thus giving France the opportunity to declare war on Austria in 1792. He participated neither in the 1792 concluded defense alliance between Austria and Prussia, nor in the founding of the Confederation of the Rhine. Left alone by the Prussians, Frederick had to enter an alliance with Napoleon in 1806 and as a result had Saxony occupied.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
The marriage placement for Karl Gottlieb Guichard, 1767

Lot 45: The marriage placement for Karl Gottlieb Guichard, 1767

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Autographed letter signed 'Quintus', to 'Monsieur Raphael' concerning the intercession of a wife 'Quintus', Potsdam 04.09.1767 Karl Gottlieb Guichard (1724-1775) - called Quintus Icilius, Prussian colonel, military writer and confidant of Frederick the Great 2 pages With remains of a seal and address Sheet size: 23,0 x 18,7 cm In fine condition Provenance: from the collection Künzel This letter is of the utmost rarity. It is addressed to 'Monsieur Raphael' in Berlin ('bey Mr Moses Mendelson abzugeben'), who is encouraged to convey his marriage to a socially upper class lady. '...je serois tres content et heureux de pouser cette charmante personne, mais ... j'ai trop de délicatesse de l'y determiner avec chaleur. Si on croit dans cette maison que c'est un parti qui est convenable à la Demoiselle, quant à moi je suis tout prêt de faire ce qu'un galanthomme doit faire en pareilles occasions. Mais comment ... ne croiroit-on pas que ma naissance est un obstacle, que je suis trop agé pour un si jeune tendron, que ma fortune n'est pas assez brillante pour celle qu'elle merite. Voici des raisons que je devrois combattre, et que je n'ai pas envie de combattre. Je n'offre que ma fortune telle qu'elle est, un bon caeur, et quelque Philosophie. Veut on s'en contenter, je me croirois le plus heureux mortel ; mais qu'on ne pretende pas de moi de grandes excuses sur ma naissance qui m'est aussi chere que la leur, de grandes intercessions de la part de quelque Prince, ni des assiduités de ceremonie et d'etiquette...' The letter is in fine condition. The sheet bears a tiny hole due to ink corrosion and a repair on the seal. The sheet size is 23,0 x 18,7 cm. Karl Gottlieb Guichard (1724-1775) Guichard studied theology, classical philology and oriental studies and further was a friend of Winkelmann. As an officer in a Dutch regiment he took part in the War of Austrian Succession. In 1752 he was resigned as captain. He continued with his earlier begun studies on ancient warfare in London with a great scientific work on Polybius, which eventually opened the way for him to rise in the circle of Frederick II to whom he later became a close confidant.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Christian Fürchtegott Gellert - Lot of 3 Letters, around 1760

Lot 46: Christian Fürchtegott Gellert - Lot of 3 Letters, around 1760

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Three autographed letters signed, written in German Germany, Leipzig, around 1760 Christian Fürchtegott Gellert (1715-1769) - German poet and moral philosopher of the Enlightenment 1 Letter to Magister Gotthelf Hartmann Schramm in Jena, 1767 2 Letter to Monsieur Kersten in Dresden, 1762 (?) 3 Letter to a 'Fräulein', whose name is unspecified, without date Sheet Dimensions: 23 x 18 cm to 26 x 18 cm In fine condition This lot contains three letters written by the poet and philosopher Christian Fürchtegott Gellert. 1. Letter to Magister Gotthelf Hartmann Schramm in Jena Leipzig, 23 September 1767 19 lines in brown ink on paper Cross folded double sheet, one half blank Sealed and hand-designated envelope Signed with 'Gellert' Sheet size: 23 x 18 cm 2. Letter to Monsieur Kersten in Dresden Leipzig, 2 June 1762 (?) Front and back side, each with 14 lines in brown ink on paper Cross folded double sheet, one half with address field and seal. Only half of the seal is left Signed with 'Gellert' Sheet size: 26 x 18 cm 3. Letter to a 'Fräulein', whose name is unspecified Without date and abbreviated signature 1 sheet 9-line handwriting in brown ink on paper in German language Sheet size: 23.5 x 18 cm The three letters are in fine condition. The leaves were formerly folded and smoothed several times. The laid paper is lightly browned. In the outer edges partially some foxing. Christian Fürchtegott Gellert (1715-1769) Christian Fürchtegott Gellert was born on 4 July 1715 in Hainichen. He was a German poet and moral philosopher of the Enlightenment and was in his lifetime, besides Christian Felix Weisse, one of the most widely read German writers.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Maria Theresa: Glorious diploma of nobility on vellum, 1769

Lot 47: Maria Theresa: Glorious diploma of nobility on vellum, 1769

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Document signed - Diploma of nobility, in dark brown ink on vellum Vienna, 1 April 1769 Maria Theresa of Austria (1717-1780) - Princess of the Habsburg Dynasty, reigning Archduchess of Austria and Queen Johann Georg von Geissler, a judge in Znojmo, is receiving the knighthood 3 engraved wonderful borders by Francis Mayer (fecit 1757) Magnificent heraldic illumination on leaf 6 on the whole page in gold and colors (29.5 x 19.5 cm) Several ornamental initials and flourishing ornamentation Penultimate leaf with autograph signature of the Archduchess, including certifications Original burgundy velvet binding With large and perfectly preserved wax seal emblem in brass box Dimensions: 37.5 x 31.5 x 1 cm In fine to very fine condition Magnificent manuscript on vellum in German with full-page and well-preserved heraldic painting in gold and colors. As an introduction on the first two sheets with 3 wonderfully engraved borders. These were created by Franciscus Mayer (fecit 1757), (see Thieme-Becker XXIV, 471). Besides some designs for the altar and the interior of the parish church of the Abbey of Melk, the contribution also includes an illuminated patent of nobility and is dated 1757 in the City Hall of Gars. Written in cursive with partly curved initials and flourishing borders and ornaments. A total of 8 more ornate calligraphic border ornaments follow. At the end of the noble letter with autographed signature of Maria Theresa and other signatures as well as certification and the registration note. The full-page magnificent heraldic illumination is executed extremely precise. Predominant colors are red, blue and black, the emblem and the surrounding frame are richly decorated with gold and further heightened in gold. Collation: 1 empty vellum flyleaf; inscribed 10 sheets of vellum; 1 blank end leaf. The cover is slightly rubbed, the velvet partially stained. Corners slightly bumped low. Yellow sealing strips, these often slightly cracked and stained. 2 black ribbons, 2 ribbons torn off. Gold-colored cord that is attached to a large brass box with perfectly preserved wax seal crest inside (diameter about 15 cm). The binding is tight. Folio. Dimensions: 37.5 x 31.5 x 1 cm. Overall, reasonably clean and tidy, sometimes only minimally stained. Sheet size: 36 x 29 cm; layout: approx 19 x 19 cm; firm italics. Maria Theresa, Archduchess of Austria (1717-1780) She was among the most influential monarchs of the era of enlightened absolutism. So she successfully gained the election and coronation of her husband Franz Stephan Roman-German Emperor in 1745 (and was, although not self-crowned, henceforth called Empress). After the death of her husband in 1765 her sons Joseph II and Leopold II followed as Holy Roman German Emperors. Without own power and without significant military or political talent, Maria Theresa's husband Franz Stephan devoted himself primarily to the financial security of the imperial family - with which he was very successful. The government affairs were led by Maria Theresa alone. She had to face the War of Austrian Succession immediately after the commencement of the reign. Although she lost Silesia to Prussia, but managed to maintain all other Habsburg possessions. In economic policy she pursued a newer form of mercantilism.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Maria Theresia: „Constitutio Criminalis

Lot 48: Maria Theresia: „Constitutio Criminalis"-Court Rules, 1769

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Maria Theresia von Österreich, „Constitutio Criminalis Theresiana" oder der Römisch-Kaiserl. Zu Hungarn und Böheim Königl. Apost. Majestät Mariä Theresiä Erzherzogin zu Oesterreich peinliche Gerichtsordnung Vienna, Johann Thomas Edler von Trattner, 1769 Maria Theresa of Austria (1717-1780) - Archduchess of Austria, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia Extremely rare and at the same time the only German edition of 'Theresiana' - a penal code enacted by the Austrian Archduchess Maria Theresa 30 partly full page woodcuts (including 3 multi-folded) and some woodcut vignettes Later half vellum-binding with old bible sheet used cover 8 unnumbered pages, including the title and directory; 282 numbered pages; complete Dimensions binding: 38 x 25 x 4 cm (Folio) In very fine condition Extremely rare and at the same time the only German edition. The 'Theresiana' is considered an important document of the European legal history, in which the criminal law of Austria, the German hereditary lands and Bohemia were unified. While in 1740 torture had already been abolished in Prussia, the "Theresiana" still held on to it. By secret supplementary instructions that approached only selected individuals and institutions of legal life, the use of torture has been specified. On 2 January 1776 the abolition of torture was decided by resolution of Maria Theresa. In 1787 the "Theresiana" was replaced by the so-called "Josephina" - a statute of criminal law enacted by Joseph II for the hereditary lands of the Habsburgs. The two separately printed attachments are not included here - the work is absolute complete. Type area: single-column print; Arab and Roman pagination; Sheet size: 37 x 23 cm; Layout: 29 x 17.5 cm Collation: 8 unnumbered pages, including the title and directory; 282 numbered pages; LVI (56) numbered pages, Additions complete. The court order is in very fine condition. The book block is solid and stable. The pages continuously and evenly browned, partly due to the paper some foxing. In the bottom corner at the beginning a little dusty or slightly finger stained. Untrimmed copy. Title with faint brown spot. 2 sheets in the factory as well as the last sheet stronger, some leaves slightly soiled in section only. First sheet with tear but without loss. Maria Theresa, Archduchess of Austria (1717-1780) She was among the most influential monarchs of the era of enlightened absolutism. So she successfully gained the election and coronation of her husband Franz Stephan Roman-German Emperor in 1745 (and was, although not self-crowned, henceforth called Empress). After the death of her husband in 1765 her sons Joseph II and Leopold II followed as Holy Roman German Emperors. Without own power and without significant military or political talent, Maria Theresa's husband Franz Stephan devoted himself primarily to the financial security of the imperial family - with which he was very successful. The government affairs were led by Maria Theresa alone. She had to face the War of Austrian Succession immediately after the commencement of the reign. Although she lost Silesia to Prussia, but managed to maintain all other Habsburg possessions. In economic policy she pursued a newer form of mercantilism. Literature: Lipperheide Pi 7; Kaspers 134.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Document of Baron Franz von Pillersdorf, Bohemia/Moravia, 1771

Lot 49: Document of Baron Franz von Pillersdorf, Bohemia/Moravia, 1771

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Document signed in dark brown ink on vellum Brünn, 3 January 1771 Franz Joseph von Pillersdorf (1786-1862) - Austrian civil servant and statesman In the center below with the signature by Pillersdorf Left and right next to another two more signatures: eg Carl Ignatz von Kranichstädt - Council Overall, with 3 signatures in the bottom German handwriting of 30 lines In the beginning with large calligraphic initials, in the upper edge with ornamentation Verso with additional 12 lines according to the certificate, written by Johann Georg Kurtz 3 attached (dried) wax seal in wooden case (without cover) Austrian stamp paper Sheet size: 46 x 32 cm In fine condition This is a document signed by Baron Pillersdorf on Austrian stamp paper of 2 F (guilders). Certificates done on paper were taxed at 1 F (guilder), documents done on vellum were taxed at 2 F (guilders). This document taxation was strictly regulated in the stamp paper regulations in Austria since 1682. The certificate is in fine condition. It is a little stained due to the vellum material. The left outer edge is slightly creased. The sheet is folded three times. Sheet size 46 x 32 cm. Baron Franz Joseph Pillersdorf (1786-1862) Franz Baron of Pillersdorf was an Austrian statesman, Vice-President of the Vienna Court Chamber, Privy Councillor and Chancellor of the United Court Chancery and the Council in Moravia. In 1845 he was made an honorary citizen of Vienna. The liberal constitution of 25 April 1848, also called "Pillersdorf Constitution" goes back to Franz Baron of Pillersdorf.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Catherine II, Autograph Signed Letters Patent, 1772

Lot 50: Catherine II, Autograph Signed Letters Patent, 1772

Estimated Price: Log in or create account to view price data

Description: Document signed, promotion certificate in Russian, printed on vellum Russia, Saint Petersburg, 12 November 1772 Catherine II (1729 - 1796) - also Catherine the Great, Russian Empress from 1762 onwards Catherine II promoted Captain Fedor Geikin due to his great services to the Second Major Magnificently decorated border with military heroic motifs and ornamentation 8-line type printed in Cyrillic with 3-line headline Sheet size: 39.5 x 28.0 cm In fine to very fine condition This Letters Patent is printed on vellum and supplemented with an autograph signature by Catherine II. Here Catherine II promoted Captain Fedor Geikin due to his great services to the Second Major. This officer's certificate is a very rare time capsule of the Russian-Turkish war (1768-74). The certificate is in a fine to very fine state of preservation with slight traces of use. The plate impression is strong. The leaf is a little dusty and slightly wavy with crease marks in the middle due to the material and folding. The signature is slightly faded. The seal has been removed, leaving only remains present. Sheet size: 39.5 x 28 cm; plate size: 39 x 24.5 cm; written script: 25.5 x 8 cm. Catherine the Great (1729 - 1796) Actually Catherine II (or Екатерина Великая / Yekaterina Welikaja ) was born 1729 as German Princess Sophie Friederike Auguste von Anhalt- Zerbst -Dornburg in Szczecin. In February of 1744 Princess Sophie arrived in St. Petersburg to marry Grand Duke Peter Fedorovich, the future Tsar Peter III. In 1744 she converted from Protestant to Orthodox faith and received, in honor of the mother of the reigning Empress Elizabeth Petrovna's, the name Yekaterina Alexeyevna. On 24 December 1761 Elizabeth died and Catherine's husband Tsar Peter III. came to the throne. However, his inappropriate behavior led to his dismissal and imprisonment. On 17 July 1762 he was murdered. On 23 Sept. 1762 Catherine was crowned at the Assumption Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin to the Empress of Russia, to which she reigned for 34 years. Catherine II was the only regent, who was awarded 'the Great' in the history of the epithet.

View additional info »
Realized: Log in or create account to view price data
Per page:
1
2
3
Next »