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Auction Description for TimeLine Auctions: TimeLine Auctions- Antiquities & Coins, Day 2
Auction Description:
Auction Venue (Day 1 - 2):   Emmanuel Centre, 9 - 23 Marsham Street Westminster London SW1P 3DW   Antiquities - Tuesday 21st February 2017 (Day 1) 10:00 - Egyptian Antiquities (lot 1 - 46) - Greek Antiquities (lot 47 - 50) - Gold Greek Antiquities (lot 51 - 76); with Lindsey Gundersen - Greek Antiquities (lot 77 - 99) - Roman Antiquities (lot 100 - 192) - Gold Roman & Byzantine Antiquities (lot 193 - 220); with Lindsey Gundersen - Byzantine Antiquities (lot 221 - 233) - Arms & Armour (lot 234 - 271) 13:30 - Lunch 14:00 - Christian Antiquities (lot 272 - 295) - Stone, Bronze & Iron Age (lot 296 - 333) - Germanic & Saxon Antiquities (lot 334 - 361) - Viking Antiquities (lot 362 - 363) - Gold Viking Antiquities (lot 364 - 379); with Lindsey Gundersen - Viking Antiquities (lot 380 - 447) - Gold Medieval Antiquities (lot 448 - 465); with Lindsey Gundersen - Medieval Antiquities (lot 466 - 481) - Gold Post Medieval Antiquities (lot 482 - 506); with Lindsey Gundersen - Post Medieval Antiquities (lot 507 - 523) - Natural History (lot 524 - 538) Antiquities - Wednesday 22nd February 2017 (Day 2) 10:00 - Western Asiatic Seals (lot 539 - 591); with Tim Wonnacott (Bargain Hunt) - Western Asiatic Antiquities (lot 592 - 678) - Chinese Antiquities (lot 679 - 742); with Peter Bufton - India & Region (lot 743 - 775) - Pre-Columbian & Islamic (lot 776 - 822) 13:30 - Lunch 14:00 - Coins & Medals (lot 1001 - 1376)     Auction Venue (Day 3 - 5):   The Old Court House, 363 Main Road, Harwich Essex, CO12 4DN   Antiquities - Thursday 23rd February 2017 (Day 3) 10.00 - Egyptian Antiquities (lot 1401 - 1520) - Greek Antiquities (lot 1521 - 1584) - Roman Antiquities (lot 1585 - 1750) 13:30 - Lunch 14:00 - Roman Antiquities (lot 1751 - 1835) - Byzantine Antiquities (lot 1836 - 1900) - Arms & Armour (lot 1901 - 1980) - Christian Antiquities (lot 1981 - 2020) - Stone Age Antiquities (lot 2021 - 2077) - Bronze Age Antiquities (lot 2078 - 2108) - Iron Age Antiquities (lot 2109 - 2127) Antiquities - Friday 24th February 2017 (Day 4) 10.00 - Germanic & Saxon Antiquities (lot 2128 - 2169) - Viking Antiquities (lot 2170 - 2262) - Medieval Antiquities (lot 2263 - 2350) - Post Medieval Antiquities (lot 2351 - 2392) - Natural History (lot 2393 - 2480) 13:30 - Lunch 14:00 - Natural History (lot 2481 - 2564) - Western Asiatic Antiquities (lot 2565 - 2743) - Chinese Region Antiquities (lot 2744 - 2800) - India & Region Antiquities (lot 2801 - 2836) - Islamic Antiquities (lot 2837 - 2876) Coins (part 2)- Saturday 25th February 2017 (Day 5) 10.00 - Coins & Medals (lot 3001 - 3718)   - Numismatic Books (lot 3719 - 3764)
Sale Notes:
www.invaluable.co.uk/timelineauctions

TimeLine Auctions- Antiquities & Coins, Day 2 (660 Lots)

by TimeLine Auctions


660 lots with images

February 22, 2017

Live Auction

London, United Kingdom

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Western Asiatic Sumerian Seal of King Karaindash

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Description: 14th-12th century BC. An amazonite cylinder seal with robed figure and eight lines of cuneiform text; the figure bearded with ankle-length robe, domed cap, implement in one hand; eight-line cuneiform Sumerian inscription (1) dšà-zu gada-idim 'Goddess Shazu with the weighty veil' (2) nir-til-til [m]e an-ki 'when you speak of the total dominations of the powers of heaven and earth' (3) dug 4-ga-zu hé-sar 'let it be written' (4) da-ga-an ma-da the totality - the land (5) kur hur-sa? til-bi 'the mountain, the mountain-range, all of it' (6) nam-en-bi hé-ak 'let its overlordship be exercised (by you)' (7) di?ir-né ní-tuku-zu 'the one who reveres his goddess' (8) ka-ra-in-da-aš '(is) Karaindash'; supplied with a museum-quality impression. Accompanied by an Art Loss Register certificate. 17 grams, 37mm (1 1/2"). Property of a London gentleman; part of his family collection since the 1970s. The inscription is in an archaic, academic Sumerian which was no longer a living language when the seal was made. The text addresses the goddess Shazu, the midwife, whose worship had subsumed into that of the mother goddess. The name Karaindash appears where that of the supplicant normally appears. This name is identical with that of a Kassite king of the 15th century BC, but the identification is not secure. This lot is part of a single collection of cylinder seals which were examined in the 1980s by Professor Lambert and most are accompanied by his own detailed notes; the collection has recently been reviewed by Dr. Ronald Bonewitz. [A video of this lot is available on the TimeLine Auctions website]

Condition Report: Very fine condition. Extremely rare.

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Western Asiatic Sumerian Seal of King Kurigalzu II

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Description: Kassite, 14th century BC. An exceedingly rare chrome chalcedony cylinder seal with seated profile figure and Sumerian cuneiform inscription in eight columns; depicting a seated bearded divine figure facing left, holding a trident, three right-facing locusts above; the eight lines of scholarly Sumerian cuneiform text with a prayer to Ninurta for the prosperity of Kurigalzu's reign. Accompanied by Professor Lambert's transliteration and translation for each column which reads: (1) dkur-da-ru gada gìr / 'Ninurta, powerful lord' (2) sa? kal šà-aš-DU / 'special chief, foremost' (3) ururu mah an-ta-?ál / 'the lofty city (?) being in heaven' (4) ur-sa? dili-ni rib-ba / 'champion on his own standing out' (5) [di?ir] ní-su-ši ri-a / 'the god moving with a halo of terror' (6) ku-ri-gal-zu / '(on) Kurigalzu' (7) nun nì tuku-tuku-zu / 'the prince who reveres you' (8) bala šà dùg-ga ?ar-bi / 'place a reign of sweet heart'. The seal fitted with an antique gold pin passed through the original longitudinal perforation and a loop to enable it to be worn as a pendant; supplied with a museum-quality impression. Lüle, Çigdem, Non-destructive Gemmological Tests for the Identification of Ancient Gems, in Gems of Heaven, British Museum Research Publication 177, 2012, pp.1-3 for information on chrome chalcedony and its use in ancient times; examined by Dr. Ronald Bonewitz, with a scholarly note from him regarding the fabric of the seal, dated 17 December 2016. Lambert, W.G. Objects Inscribed and Uninscribed, in Archiv für Orientforschung, vol.23, Graz, 1970, p.49; Limet, H. Les légendes des sceaux cassites, Brussels, 1971, p.93, 6.26 and accompanied by copies of both articles, with images therein showing the gold pin in place. Accompanied by an Art Loss Register certificate. 24 grams, 51mm (2"). Property of a London gentleman; part of his family collection since the 1970s; inherited by the present owner from his father who acquired it between circa 1938 and 1950. The extremely rare green variety of chalcedony was only known to the ancients and the Romans, until circa 3rd century AD, when it disappears from history. It is only known from small worked pieces such as beads and intaglios. The source has been recently discovered as being from northern Turkey (Anatolia"). The colour derives from the presence of chromium; this piece is also of an excessively rare large size; with a printout of the Çigdem paper. Kurigalzu II (circa 1332-1308 BC on the short chronology) was the 22nd king of the Babylonian Kassite dynasty, placed on the throne by the Assyrian king, Aššur-Uballi?, who may have been a family member. He shares the same name as another king who apparently reigned earlier in the same century. Towards the end of his reign, Kurigalzu II turned against his Assyrian allies and defeated them in battle at Sugagu on the River Tigris. Kurigalzu's name is linked to a zaqiqu or 'incubation omen', in which a Kassite king (identified with him) tries to find out why his wife cannot bear a child. The transliteration of the text by Professor Lambert (1970), differs in detail from that of Limet (1971), but generally agrees as to the content of the text. Lambert identifies the text as 'Sumerian of the Cassite period seals, that is, a totally artificial language expressing Babylonian syntax and phraseology in a Sumerian often rich in recondite words and sign-values' and offers a reconstructed Akkadian version of the text as well as an English translation. 'Kuradaru' is a name of the deity Ninurta which occurs only in this text and in two other citations. The text is construed as a 'prayer for the Cassite king Kurigalzu, the second and last of the name, who ruled in the 14th century B.C. 'The seal 'obviously belonged to a servant of the king, but his name is not given.' The god shown seated in a long flounced robe raises his hand 'in a religious gesture ... a Cassite-period rendering of a very common figure on seals from the Old Akkadian to the latter part of the Old Babylonian period'. The three locusts above him may have been intended to identify the god, but if so the information is lost to us. The trident in the god's hand is less well executed than the rest of the design, leading Lambert to speculate that it may be a later addition. [A video of this lot is available on the TimeLine Auctions website]

Condition Report: Extremely fine condition. Excessively rare and important; a museum quality exhibition piece.

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Western Asiatic Neo-Assyrian Seal with Enlil

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Description: 9th-7th century BC. A carnelian cylinder seal with incised image of a profile bearded robed figure with four wings, hands raised to support an opposed pair of ibexes with gryphon-head above and fish bisecting a column of cuneiform text with two theophoric names; supplied with a museum-quality impression. 6.35 grams, 28mm (1"). Property of a London gentleman; part of his family collection since the 1970s. The inscription has been cut in normal orientation rather than reversed in order to create a normally-orientated impression. The inscription may have been cut partly over an erasure. The text probably contains two divine names, male and female. The male name appears over the presumed alteration and reads ' Enlil [the lord] is the god who preserves life, a four-element name which is very unusual; more usual would be a three-element 'Enlil is the protector of life' based on a common form Enlil-ná?ir 'Enlil is the protector'. The female name Adad-ilša is not otherwise attested, but the corresponding masculine form Adad-ilšu is found in Old Babylonian texts. This lot is part of a single collection of cylinder seals which were examined in the 1980s by Professor Lambert and most are accompanied by his own detailed notes; the collection has recently been reviewed by Dr. Ronald Bonewitz. [A video of this lot is available on the TimeLine Auctions website]

Condition Report: Very fine condition. Rare.

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Western Asiatic Mitannian Seal with Hero Scene

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Description: Early 2nd millennium BC. A carved haematite cylinder seal with a robed figure with beard and cap facing a robed female(?) with hands raised, rosette between their faces and rings below; a tall winged figure grasping an ibex by the rear legs and a small human by one arm, above an advancing lion; a facing hero grasping the forelegs of a griffin with a kneeling figure between and winged solar disc above. Cf. Collon, D. First Impressions. Cylinder Seals in the Ancient Near East, London, 2005, item 275 for type. 14 grams, 26mm (1"). From a North London collection; formerly in the Rihani family collection, formed 1970-1980s.

Condition Report: Very fine condition, chipped.

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Western Asiatic Akkadian Cylinder Seal with Lions

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Description: 23rd century BC. A limestone cylinder seal with lions and quadrupeds; accompanied by an old scholarly note, typed and signed by W.G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology, University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: 'Cylinder Seal of Fawn Stone, 17 x 10.5 mm. The design shows two crossed lions in the middle, each attacking a domestic horned animal on the outside of the scene. There is a simple linear device as a terminal. This is an Akkadian seal, c. 2300-2200 B.C., from Mesopotamia or an adjacent area. It is in [sic] good state of preservation.' 2.82 grams, 17mm (3/4"). Property of a London gentleman; part of his family collection since the 1970s. This lot is part of a single collection of cylinder seals which were examined in the 1980s by Professor Lambert and most are accompanied by his own detailed notes; the collection has recently been reviewed by Dr. Ronald Bonewitz.

Condition Report: Fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Seal with Goddess Ishtar & Tree of Life

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Description: 1st millennium BC. A limestone cylinder seal, pierced and with bronze rod through the centre; engraved with worshipper standing before the goddess Ishtar; behind another worshipper standing before the Tree of Life; cuneiform inscription between both scenes. 19 grams, 39mm (1 1/2"). Property of a London gentleman; acquired from a major Mayfair gallery; acquired on the London art market before 2000.

Condition Report: Fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Mesopotamia Seal with Winged Horses

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Description: 9th-6th century BC. An amethyst cylinder seal with bearded male between winged horses; accompanied by an old scholarly note, written and signed by W.G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology, University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: Cylinder Seal of Amethist [sic] 24 x 11mm. Standing god between two winged horses. North Mesopotamia or West Iran. c.900-600 B.C. Condition good. 6.60 grams, 24mm (1"). Property of a London gentleman; acquired from Oasis Ancient Art, London, W1, before 1990; accompanied by a report from the late professor Lambert.

Condition Report: Very fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Neo-Elamite Seal for Urak

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Description: 6th-5th century BC. A drum-shaped banded agate cylinder seal with seated woman in long robe and holding a cup, in front is a servant holding similar vessel with table between, behind, Neo-Elamite inscription; accompanied by an old scholarly note, typed and signed by W. G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology, University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: 'This is barrel-shaped, with a big white band in the middle, the fawn at each end. The scene shows a seated woman in long robe with bottom fringe on a chair with low back and fancy feet. She is holding a cup in one hand. Facing her is a standing servant holding a similar vessel in both hands. Between them is a table with feet like those of the chair, and on the top is a cloth and a fish, There is a five line inscription in Neo-Elamite script naming the ancient owner and forming a terminal: ....urak son of Akshishi. This is a Neo-Elamite seal, c. 700-500 BC, It is a rare design but one end is badly chipped.' 5 grams, 25mm (1"). Property of a North West London gentleman; formerly with a central London gallery in 1990.

Condition Report: Fine condition, chipped.

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Western Asiatic Old Babylonian Seal with Gilgamesh

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Description: Early Akkadian, 26th-23rd century BC. A black agate cylinder seal with Gilgamesh contest scenes between human heroes and beast-men. 23 grams, 30mm (1 1/4"). Property of a London gentleman; previously in the M. Cloake collection, acquired in 1977; formerly with Cohen Antiques, London W8.

Condition Report: Very fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Babylonian Amuletic Cylinder

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Description: 14th-9th century BC. A banded agate barrel-shaped bead with four lines of cuneiform text; accompanied by an old scholarly note, typed and signed by W.G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology, University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: 'Ancient Inscribed Votive of Brown and White Agate: 23 x 13mm. In form this is a bead with barrel shape, and down it are four lines of Babylonian cuneiform: To (the goddess) Gula, / who dwells in Gabitu, / Amat-amilati / gave (this votive"). Neither the place Gabitu nor the person Amat-amilati are known elsewhere. Gula was a Babylonian goddess of healing, but not elsewhere known from a local form in Gabitu. The date is not easily fixed, but probably c. 1400-900 B.C. are the right range. The ends of the bead are chipped, but otherwise it is in good condition and the inscription is intact.' 5.83 grams, 24mm (1"). Property of a London gentleman; part of his family collection since the 1970s. This lot is part of a single collection of cylinder seals which were examined in the 1980s by Professor Lambert and most are accompanied by his own detailed notes; the collection has recently been reviewed by Dr. Ronald Bonewitz.

Condition Report: Fine condition, chipped.

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Western Asiatic Cylinder Seal with Cuneiform

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Description: 1st millennium BC. A speckled jasper cylinder seal, pierced through the centre; engraved with a seated male with beard and kilt, arm raised to two standing figures approaching, altar and star between; cuneiform inscription behind seated figure. 8 grams, 28mm (1 1/4"). From an important London collection, acquired in the 1990s.

Condition Report: Very fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Achaemenid Cylinder Seal with Janus

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Description: 5th century BC. A pale orange agate cylinder seal engraved with frieze of a Janus headed male figure in long robes and wings, foot resting on back of ibex; in front a rearing ibex with two winged bull figures behind. 10 grams, 30mm (1 1/4"). From the collection of a North West London gentleman; acquired in the 1980s.

Condition Report: Very fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Kassite Cylinder Seal with a Prayer

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Description: 1400-1100 BC. A banded agate cylinder seal with two figures and five lines of cuneiform text; two facing robed and bearded figures, one with right hand raised and the other with with a tool or khopesh; five lines of Sumerian text in archaising Babylonian cuneiform script, a prayer to Nanna for divine favour: (1) XX sa?-rig?-ga '... as a present (?)' (2) di?ir-?u 10 šà-lá-me 'my god, you have pity (on me)' (3) [?iš]gal-è en 6 -?u 10 'towards (my?) position, my lord' (4) [ki]n igi-du 8 mušen e-na-x '[send] as (a sign of your) favour a bird' (5) diti sa? ku 5 -ba ?iš ku 5 'moon-god (?) the one who cuts wood. the chief of its cutting'; supplied with an impression and summary. 12 grams, 39mm (1 1/2"). Property of a London gentleman; part of his family collection since the 1970s. The name of the supplicant of the prayer does not appear in the text, nor is the divinity named. It is assumed that the prayer's addressee is the moon-god Nanna. This lot is part of a single collection of cylinder seals which were examined in the 1980s by Professor Lambert and most are accompanied by his own detailed notes; the collection has recently been reviewed by Dr. Ronald Bonewitz.

Condition Report: Very fine condition, chipped. Very rare.

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Western Asiatic Akkadian Cylinder Seal with Contest

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Description: 23rd century BC. A carved shell cylinder seal with contest scene; accompanied by an old scholarly note, typed and signed by W.G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology, University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: 'Cylinder Seal of White Marble, 18 x 10 mm. The design shows hero in the middle, succouring on either side a domestic quadruped on its hind legs, each being attacked by a lion. This is an Akkadian seal from Mesopotamia or West Iran, c. 2300-2200 B.C. The surface is somewhat worn.' 3.44 grams, 18mm (3/4"). Property of a London gentleman; part of his family collection since the 1970s. This lot is part of a single collection of cylinder seals which were examined in the 1980s by Professor Lambert and most are accompanied by his own detailed notes; the collection has recently been reviewed by Dr. Ronald Bonewitz.

Condition Report: Fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Akkadian Cylinder Seal with Gilgamesh

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Description: 2254-2154 BC. A green marble cylinder seal with Gilgamesh contest scene, human hero stabbing a rearing beast and beast-man grappling a rearing lion; scorpion and objects in the field. 16 grams, 30mm (1 1/4"). Property of a London gentleman; previously in the M. Cloake collection, acquired in 1977; formerly with Cohen Antiques, London W8.

Condition Report: Very fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Assyrian Bead withKing Shalmaneser

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Description: 2nd millennium BC. A tabular oval agate bead with seven incised cuneiform characters denoting the royal name 'Shalmaneser' (šul-má-nu - MAŠ aš-ár-ed"). 15 grams, 46mm (1 3/4"). Property of a London gentleman; part of his family collection since the 1970s. There were five kings of Assyria with this name, ranging from Shalmaneser I (1274–1245 BC) to Shalmaneser V (727–722 BC), the biblical conqueror. This lot is part of a single collection of cylinder seals which were examined in the 1980s by Professor Lambert and most are accompanied by his own detailed notes; the collection has recently been reviewed by Dr. Ronald Bonewitz.

Condition Report: Fine condition. Rare.

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Western Asiatic Cylinder Seal with Worship Scene

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Description: 1st millennium BC. A black agate cylinder seal, pierced through the centre; engraved with two male worshippers approaching the goddess Ishtar standing on the back of a lion; behind, two small male figures with winged deity above. 13 grams, 26mm (1"). Property of a London gentleman; acquired before 1995.

Condition Report: Very fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Early Sumerian Cylinder Seal with Hero

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Description: Early Sumerian, 2500-2334 BC. A serpentine cylinder seal with frieze of two combat scenes, each a standing human figure tackling a rearing stag with a second rearing animal behind. 12 grams, 28mm (1"). Property of a London gentleman; previously in the M. Cloake collection, acquired in 1977; formerly with Cohen Antiques, London W8.

Condition Report: Very fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Achaemenid Seal with Horned Cattle

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Description: 5th century BC. A red speckled stone cylinder seal with frieze of a squatting female figure facing to the front and holding a pair of long horned cattle by the tips of the horns; below a running frieze of geometric pattern; between the cattle a vase with water and plants coming from the top. 15 grams, 30mm (1 1/4"). From the collection of a North West London gentleman; acquired in the 1980s.

Condition Report: Very fine condition. A beautiful example.

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Western Asiatic Jemdet Nasr Cylinder Seal

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Description: 3rd millennium BC. A white marble cylinder seal with geometric design; accompanied by an old scholarly note, typed and signed by W.G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology, University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: 'Cylinder Seal of White Marble, 20 x 7 mm. The sides are covered with as design composed of lines. Diagonal strokes form diamond shapes, which are filled with horizontal lines, and the remaining spaces are similarly filled. This is a good example of a Jemdet Nasr design type seal, dating to c. 3000 B.C. and coming from Mesopotamia or a nearby area. It is in a good state of preservation.' 1.69 grams, 20mm (3/4"). Property of a London gentleman; part of his family collection since the 1970s. This lot is part of a single collection of cylinder seals which were examined in the 1980s by Professor Lambert and most are accompanied by his own detailed notes; the collection has recently been reviewed by Dr. Ronald Bonewitz.

Condition Report: Extremely fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Hittite Seal with Kilted & Nude Figures

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Description: 2nd millennium BC. A haematite cylinder seal with profile standing kilted figure holding a mace and a khopesh facing a nude figure with lines extending from the wrists to the knees; scorpion, bird, monkey, fish, snake and gryphon in the field. Cf. Collon, D. First Impressions. Cylinder Seals in the Ancient Near East, London, 2005, item 308 for type. 7.04 grams, 23mm (1"). From a North London collection; formerly in the Rihani family collection, formed 1970-1980s.

Condition Report: Fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Achaemenid Seal with Combat Scene

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Description: 5th century BC. An agate cylinder seal with frieze depicting a winged lion with standing male figure in kilt and headdress thrusting spear into chest, smaller male figure to the front; behind the lion another male figure in kilt holding the tail and resting foot on back leg of lion. 12 grams, 28mm (1 1/4"). From an important private London collection; formed in the 1970s and 1980s.

Condition Report: Very fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Mitannian Seal with Geometric

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Description: 15th-12th century BC. A white glazed composition cylinder seal; accompanied by an old scholarly note, typed and signed by W.G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology, University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: 'Cylinder Seal of Faience, 21 x 10 mm. The design consists of five vertical bands of four crosses, each within linear frames. This is a Mitanni seal, c. 1500-1200 B.C. from North Mesopotamia, Syria or Palestine. It is in a good state of preservation.' 1.64 grams, 21mm (3/4"). Property of a London gentleman; part of his family collection since the 1970s. This lot is part of a single collection of cylinder seals which were examined in the 1980s by Professor Lambert and most are accompanied by his own detailed notes; the collection has recently been reviewed by Dr. Ronald Bonewitz.

Condition Report: Fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Cylinder Seal with Architectural Scene

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Description: 1st millennium BC. A red-brown limestone cylinder seal, pierced through the centre; engraved with a large building with four towers and a central gateway, each tower with a kneeling figure to the top; to the side a kneeling, standing and seated figure with a jumping dog. 10 grams, 32mm (1 1/4"). Private collection, North London; acquired in the early 1990s.

Condition Report: Very fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Old Babylonian Seal with Cuneiform

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Description: 19th-17th century BC. A carnelian cylinder seal with frieze of a king with a mace confronting two standing figures in flounced robes, three columns of cuneiform text. 1.78 grams, 15mm (1/2"). Property of a London gentleman; previously in the M. Cloake collection, acquired in 1977; formerly with Cohen Antiques, London W8.

Condition Report: Very fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Old Akkadian Seal with Contest

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Description: 23rd century BC. A white chalcedony cylinder seal with contest scenes; accompanied by an old scholarly note, typed and signed by W.G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology, University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: 'Cylinder Seal of White Marble, 25 x 14.5mm. The design shows a contest scene consisting of a hero standing in the middle succouring a domestic quadruped on either side, which in turn are being attacked by lions, while on the far left another hero. This is an Old Akkadian seal, c.2300-2200 B.C. from Mesopotamia or an adjacent area. The surface is worn, but the whole design can be made out.' 10 grams, 26mm (1"). Property of a London gentleman; part of his family collection since the 1970s. This lot is part of a single collection of cylinder seals which were examined in the 1980s by Professor Lambert and most are accompanied by his own detailed notes; the collection has recently been reviewed by Dr. Ronald Bonewitz.

Condition Report: Fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Akkadian Cylinder Seal with Janus

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Description: Sargonic Period, 23rd-21st century BC. A schist cylinder seal with engraved frieze of a seated deity wearing a horned headdress and holding moon and star emblem, in front a Janus headed male deity wearing horned headdress; behind a standing male deity facing front with horned headdress and foot resting on altar (?), stars to either side of head, in front a male deity wearing horned headdress and long kilt, hands raised in worship. 26 grams, 31mm (1 1/4"). Property of a North West London gentleman; formerly with a central London gallery in 1990.

Condition Report: Very fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Large Akkadian Seal with Contest

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Description: 3rd millennium BC. A large dark green agate cylinder seal with contest scene comprising two rampant animals each being stabbed by a standing male with facing bearded beast-man and another animal to the rear. Cf. Collon, D. First Impressions. Cylinder Seals in the Ancient Near East, London, 2005, p.32. 41 grams, 37mm (1 1/2"). From a North London collection; formerly in the Rihani family collection, formed 1970-1980s.

Condition Report: Fine condition.

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Western Asiatic 3rd Dynasty of Ur Seal with Contest

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Description: 21st century BC. A serpentine cylinder seal with contest scene; accompanied by an old scholarly note, typed and signed by W.G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology, University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: 'Cylinder Seal of Brown/Fawn Stone, 26 x 12 mm. The design shows two nude heroes, standing and grappling with a reared-up lion between them. As a terminal there is a slender tree. This seal dates to c. 2100-2000 B.C. and comes from the period of the Third Dynasty of Ur.' 7.17 grams, 26mm (1"). Property of a London gentleman; part of his family collection since the 1970s. This lot is part of a single collection of cylinder seals which were examined in the 1980s by Professor Lambert and most are accompanied by his own detailed notes; the collection has recently been reviewed by Dr. Ronald Bonewitz.

Condition Report: Fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Late Babylonian Cylinder Seal

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Description: 2nd millennium BC. A steatite cylinder seal with scene of a seated figure in tall headdress confronted by a kneeling bovine bird and kilted handler, facing bovine head between pellets, row of three advancing figures beneath a guilloche. See Collon, D. First Impressions. Cylinder Seals in the Ancient Near East, London, 2005, for discussion. 7.49 grams, 21mm (3/4"). From a North London collection; formerly in the Rihani family collection, formed 1970-1980s.

Condition Report: Fine condition, repaired.

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Western Asiatic Akkadian Seal with Contest Scene

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Description: Akkadian, 23rd-22nd century BC. A granite cylinder seal with contest scene among humans and rearing beasts. 11 grams, 27mm (1"). Property of a London gentleman; previously in the M. Cloake collection, acquired in 1977; formerly with Cohen Antiques, London W8.

Condition Report: Very fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Seal with Loop and Stamp Seal

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Description: 2nd millennium BC. A haematite bottle-shaped cylinder seal with biconvex loop above a facetted collar, columnar body with design of figures and beasts within tendril loops with beasts surrounding, rosette stamp-seal to the underside. See Collon, D. First Impressions. Cylinder Seals in the Ancient Near East, London, 2005 for discussion. 5.21 grams, 23mm (1"). From a North London collection; formerly in the Rihani family collection, formed 1970-1980s.

Condition Report: Very fine condition. Very rare.

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Western Asiatic Babylonian Seal with Lama Goddess

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Description: 19th-16th century BC. A mottled red stone cylinder seal with three lines of cuneiform, standing goddess in long robes and horned crown, lunar crescent on a stand, accompanied by an old scholarly note, typed and unsigned by W. G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology, University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: 'The design shows a three-line inscription in Sumerian cuneiform and to the right a standing Lamma goddess in horned tiara and long flounced robe, to the left a lunar crescent on a tall stand. The inscription names a god with epithets: Lugal-Kis'a, great lord of Kisa'a.........his father. This is a Babylonian seal, c. 2000-1600 BC. The inscription seems to be unique, and the last line is obscure so far, being in a learned kind of Sumerian. The seal is generally in good condition, but the bottom is chipped and the Lamma has a hole in the middle. The god named is already known, but little known.' 18 grams, 33mm (1 1/4"). From an important private London collection; formed in the 1970s and 1980s.

Condition Report: Fine condition, chipped.

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Western Asiatic Akkadian Cylinder Seal with God Enlil

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Description: Akkadian, 23rd-22nd century BC. A limestone cylinder seal with frieze depicting the god Enlil seated in a barque with water emitting from his shoulders, robed figures with horned headdresses, one with fronds stepping on a dog, one kneeling with a standard, two with raised hands. 35 grams, 32mm (1 1/4"). Property of a London gentleman; previously in the M. Cloake collection, acquired in 1977; formerly with Cohen Antiques, London W8.

Condition Report: Very fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Neo-Assyrian Seal with King & Lion

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Description: 934-610 BC. A banded agate cylinder seal engraved with figure of standing king in long robes and crown holding a rearing lion, dagger held in hand. 17 grams, 31mm (1 1/4"). Private collection, London, UK; formerly with Persepolis Gallery, Mayfair, London, UK; in the 1980s.

Condition Report: Very fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Neo-Babylonian Seal w/ Robed Figure

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Description: 7th-6th century BC. A glass cylinder seal with bronze wire insert, standing robed figure with hands extended towards a rearing beast, winged gryphon in front. Cf. Collon, D. First Impressions. Cylinder Seals in the Ancient Near East, London, 2005, p.81. 9.21 grams, 37mm (1 1/2"). From a North London collection; formerly in the Rihani family collection, formed 1970-1980s. Dr Bonewitz notes: 'This seal is made from very early glass, and as such is much less common than those made from other materials'.

Condition Report: Fine condition. Unusual.

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Western Asiatic Akkadian Inscribed Cylinder Seal

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Description: Later 3rd millennium BC. A large serpentine cylinder seal with two contest scenes between beast-men and rearing animals, three columns of cuneiform text. See Collon, D. First Impressions. Cylinder Seals in the Ancient Near East, London, 2005, p.32-35 for discussion. 23 grams, 30mm (1 1/4"). From a North London collection; formerly in the Rihani family collection, formed 1970-1980s.

Condition Report: Very fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Akkadian Seal with God and Hero

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Description: 24th-22nd century BC. A carved haematite cylinder seal with a motif of a deity seated on a throne in a structure, four quadruples in front of him; outside of structure two standing figures, one standing in front of a structure dressed in short tunic wearing a hat, one with long beard and horned tiara holding a captured bird-like beast(?"). 8.13 grams. 20mm (3/4"). From a North London collection; formerly in the Rihani family collection, formed 1970-1980s.

Condition Report: Very fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Akkadian Seal with Worship Scene

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Description: Sargonic Period, 23rd-21st century BC. A haematite cylinder seal with a standing naked male with female in front, arms raised in worship, panel with three lines of cuneiform text behind. 24 grams, 30mm (1 1/4"). Private collection, London, UK; formerly with Persepolis Gallery, Mayfair, London, UK; in the 1980s.

Condition Report: Very fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Akkadian Seal with Water-God Enki

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Description: 23rd-22nd century BC. A banded agate cylinder seal with judgement scene; the water-god Enki seated confronts a human flanked by robed and bearded supporters, two columns of cuneiform text. 4.58 grams, 20mm (3/4"). Property of a London gentleman; previously in the M. Cloake collection, acquired in 1977; formerly with Cohen Antiques, London W8.

Condition Report: Very fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Ammonite Cylinder Seal

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Description: 2nd millennium BC. A hard chalk cylinder seal with design of a facing female holding two T-shaped staves with flanking worshippers in hatched garments, ring-and-dot and guilloche motifs, ropework borders. Cf. Collon, D. First Impressions. Cylinder Seals in the Ancient Near East, London, 2005, p.62 for discussion. 9.97 grams, 27mm (1"). From a North London collection; formerly in the Rihani family collection, formed 1970-1980s.

Condition Report: Fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Neo-Assyrian Lamaštu Demon Amulet

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Description: 8th-7th century BC. A rectangular obsidian amuletic pendant, with rounded corners and a perforated flange for suspension, the obverse with an incised image of the demon Lamashtu with head of a bird facing right, striding right, with an elongated body, her arms raised in a threatening posture, a seated dog to lower right in profile with comb above; a piglet in profile to lower left with spindle above; an uncertain 'sideways-T' symbol at top left corner and donkey's ankle to top right; a line of cuneiform text below reading: [t]u6. én é .nu. ru Translating as: Incantation The reverse with seven lines of cuneiform text, being a truncated version of Lam. Inc. 11 and reading: én é .nu. ru / ? dìm.me / dumu an.na / bí.íb?.gu.la / dingir.re.e.ne.ke4 / zi an.na hé.p[à] (written over to end of next line) / zi ki.a! .pà The text translating as: Incantation, O Lamashtu, daughter of Anu, thou art great among the gods. Be conjured by the heavens and be conjured by the earth. Farber, W. Lamaštu: An Edition of the Canonical Series of Lamashtu Incantations and Rituals and Related Texts from the Second and First Millennia B.C., Winina Lake, Indiana, 2014, p.338, fig.22, (photographs by A. Ressman, Oriental Institute); accompanied by a copy of this published entry, with a second partial extract bearing manuscript ink and pencil notes on the transcription and translation of phrases. Accompanied by an Art Loss Register certificate. 9.41 grams, 39mm (1 1/2"). Ex Milton Yondorf collection, Chicago, USA; acquired around 1938; thence by descent to John D. Yondorf Jr., Chicago, 1948. In Mesopotamian mythology, Lamashtu was a female demon, monster, malevolent goddess or demigoddess who menaced women during childbirth and, if possible, kidnapped their children while they were breastfeeding. She would gnaw on their bones and suck their blood, as well as being charged with a number of other evil deeds. Lamashtu is depicted as a mythological hybrid, with a hairy body, a lioness' head with donkey's teeth and ears, long fingers and fingernails, and the feet of a bird with sharp talons. She is often shown standing or kneeling on a donkey, nursing a pig and a dog, and holding snakes. She thus bears some functions and resemblance to the Mesopotamian demon Lilith. Lamashtu's father was the Sky God Anu. Unlike many other usual demonic figures and depictions in Mesopotamian lore, Lamashtu was said to act in malevolence of her own accord, rather than at the gods' instructions. Along with this her name was written together with the cuneiform determinative indicating deity. This means she was a goddess or a demigoddess in her own right. She bore seven names and was described as seven witches in incantations. Her evil deeds included: slaying children; causing harm to mothers and expectant mothers; eating men and drinking their blood; disturbing sleep; bringing nightmares; destroying crops; infesting rivers and lakes; and being a bringer of disease, sickness, and death. Pazuzu, a god or demon, was invoked to protect birthing mothers and infants against Lamashtu's malevolence, usually on amulets, such as this one, and statues. Although Pazuzu was said to be bringer of famine and drought, he was also invoked against evil for protection, and against plague, but he was primarily and popularly invoked against his fierce, malicious rival Lamashtu. [A video of this lot is available on the TimeLine Auctions website]

Condition Report: Fine condition. Rare.

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Western Asiatic Neo-Sumerian Tablet from Iri-Sagrig

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Description: Dated 2027 BC. A clay pillow-shaped messenger tablet from an important palace archive of the Sumerian city Iri-Sa?rig, dated to 2027 BC, with cuneiform text on both sides: 1 roasted mutton, 5 sila soup Ur-šu-suen, chancellor’s assistant when he came for the ’secretary’ of Nana’s field; 3 sila soup, 2 fish Laqipum, cup bearer, royal messenger when he went for royal offerings; 1 sila soup, 1 fish Suškin, royal messenger when he came from Der to the king’s place; 1 sila soup, 1 fish Kuganum, royal messenger; /REVERSE/ 1 sila soup, 1 fish Ilianum, royal messenger when they went to Der; 1 sila soup, 1 fish Namhani, royal messenger; 1 sila soup, 1 fish Lu-šulgira, royal messenger when they came to the governor’s place; 2 sila soup, 2 fishŠugatum, royal messenger when he came to capture fugitive soldier-workers, servants of Ninhursag; 1 sila soup, 1 fish Pululu, eguary when he went for the sikum-mules; A disbursement for the month Nigenlila, 19th day. David I. Owen, Cuneiform Texts Primarily from Iri-Sa?rig/?l-Šarr?k? and the History of the Ur III Period, CDL Press 2013, p.365, text no.820. 70 grams, 69mm (2 3/4"). Property of a Scandinavian collector; previously from a London, UK, collection, formed in the 1980s; studied, translated and published by Dr. David Owen; accompanied by a copy of the collection catalogue papers. This text dates to the second year of King Ibbi-Sin, the last king of the Ur III. The text is particularly rare because almost all of the named messengers are followed by a description their mission: Suškin, royal messenger when he came from Der to the king’s place. The tablet records rations of food and drink distributed by the government to royal messengers. According to Prof. David Owen the Iri-Sa?rig archive is probably the archive of the governor whose office was in the local palace. The king and other members of the royal family occasionally traveled to Iri-Sa?rig, perhaps on their way to or from Nippur or other towns. No town in Sumer was visited more often by the king than Iri-Sa?rig. This may explain the presence of so many royal functionaries associated with the town. [A video of this lot is available on the TimeLine Auctions website]

Condition Report: Extremely fine condition. Extremely rare.

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Western Asiatic Graeco-Persian Seal with Hunting

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Description: 5th-4th century BC. A domed chalcedony seal with intaglio scene of a horseman on a galloping steed with raised spear engaging a charging boar. Accompanied by an Art Loss Register certificate. 6.59 grams, 24mm (1"). From a UK private collection formed in the mid 1980s; formerly in a German private collection; acquired in the early 1980s. This lot is part of a single collection of cylinder seals which were examined in the 1980s by Professor Lambert and most are accompanied by his own detailed notes; the collection has recently been reviewed by Dr. Ronald Bonewitz. [A video of this lot is available on the TimeLine Auctions website]

Condition Report: Fine condition, edge chipped.

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Western Asiatic Sassanian Stamp Seal Collection

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Description: 2nd-7th century AD. A group of seven rock crystal stamp seal each engraved on the domed body with a series of circles, to the base: two with a crescent topped staff; one with a standing goat; one with a reclining stag surrounded by a wreath; one with stag head with cornucopia to either side; one with stag head surrounded by running frieze of deer; one with the figure of a standing bird. 18.65 grams total, 11-17mm (1/2 - 3/4"). From an important London collection formed before 1980. [7]

Condition Report: Very fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Sassanian Multi Faced Stamp Seal

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Description: 3rd-7th century AD. A cuboid haematite stamp seal with integral biconvex loop, intaglio image to the four lateral faces of a horse, bird, rabbit(?) and double-headed eagle, with profile bust to the underside. 13 grams, 26mm (1"). From an important London collection, acquired in the 1990s. [No Reserve]

Condition Report: Very fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Sassanian Bulla with Spahbed Official

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Description: 6th century AD. A ceramic personal bulla impression with a horseman dressed in armour holding a raised spear, Pahlavi inscription in two lines of lapidary script around the inner circle. Cf. Gylselen, R. Acta Iranica 44: Sassanian Seals and Sealings in the A.Saeedi Collection, Peeters, 2007, item III/30. 106 grams, 74mm (3"). Private collection, London, UK; formerly with Persepolis Gallery, Mayfair, London, UK; in the 1980s.

Condition Report: Fine condition, repaired.

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Western Asiatic Sassanian Seal with Opposed Busts

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Description: 3rd-7th century AD. A large jasper stamp seal, discoid in plan with domed upper face and ridged centre, intaglio opposed busts within a segmented frame to the underside. 38 grams, 35mm (1 1/2"). UK art market, acquired prior to 2000. [No Reserve]

Condition Report: Fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Sassanian Bulla with Spahbed Official

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Description: 6th century AD. A ceramic personal bulla impression with a horseman dressed in armour holding a raised spear, Pahlavi inscription in one line of lapidary script around the inner circle. Cf. Gylselen, R. Acta Iranica 44: Sassanian Seals and Sealings in the A.Saeedi Collection, Peeters, 2007, item III/1. 151 grams, 81mm (3 1/4"). From an important private London collection; formed in the 1970s and 1980s.

Condition Report: Fine condition.

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Western Asiatic Stamp Seal with Frog

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Description: 1st millennium BC. A dome-shaped stone stamp seal engraved to the underside with the figure of a frog with legs splayed and crescent shapes to either side; pierced through body. 20 grams, 31mm (1 1/4"). Property of a London gentleman; acquired from a major Mayfair gallery; acquired on the London art market before 2000; by repute from the Erlenmeyer collection.

Condition Report: Very fine condition.

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