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Auction Description for James D. Julia: Extraordinary Firearms Auction, Day 3
Viewing Notes:
Friday, Saturday, Sunday, March 7-9, 9:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m., March 10, 11 & 12, 8:00-10:00 a.m.
Sale Notes:
Julia's has established itself as the preeminent seller of rare, expensive, high-grade firearms in the world today. The upcoming March auction is again a MUST SEE-MUST PARTICIPATE event. Included are extraordinary private collections and single items from around the globe including the William Gerber Family Collection of Rare Colts, the late Norm Flayderman's personal collection (the most iconic firearms figure of the 20th century), the 2nd session of the Michael Leff Estate Collection; also, the lifetime Win/Colt collection of the renowned Tommy Rholes of TX, the 2nd sessions of the world renowned Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess Military Collection, the spectacular European Wheelocks and Kentucky rifle/pistol collections of Dr. Douglas Sirkin and Frank Sujansky, the German Imperial "Pickelhaube" collection of the late Robert H. Haskell, III and Martial Arms from ASAC member Charles A. Lamb.

Extraordinary Firearms Auction, Day 3

by James D. Julia


600 lots with images

March 12, 2014

Live Auction

203 Skowhegan Road

Fairfield, ME, 04937 USA

Phone: 207 453 7125

Fax: 207 453 2502

Email: loakes@jamesdjulia.com

600 Lots
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BAVARIAN WERDER M1869 SINGLE SHOT PISTOL.

Lot 3000: BAVARIAN WERDER M1869 SINGLE SHOT PISTOL.

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Description: SN 470. Caliber 11.5mm. Standard military issue Werder pistol with 8" bbl, drift adjustable front sight and fixed rear sight. GF marked on top of chamber. The serial number 470 is repeated on the left side of the barrel flat, the left side of the chamber, and the left side of the receiver cover and inside the trigger guard. Usual proof marks on the lower barrel flat and Crown/M proofing on the forward frame. The screws are either blank or matched 70, while the left side of the trigger has a different number, the last three digits being "202". Single shot loading is from the top via tilting block action. The large lever on the right side is used to close the chamber and cock the pistol. After pulling the trigger, the forward lever within the trigger guard releases the bolt that moves down, ejecting empty case and re-exposing the chamber. Smooth walnut grips with the right panel German military accepted. Missing lanyard ring. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: 70-80% original blue with mellow toning and fading. Comparable condition discoloration of the in-the-white bolt and trigger. Original grips have never been sanded or revarnished. Near-mirror bore with strong rifling and only minimal oxidation. Perfect mechanics. 4-52424 LMA24

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RARE V.C. SCHILLING NEEDLEFIRE CALVARY PISTOL WITH HINGED BOLT HANDLE.

Lot 3001: RARE V.C. SCHILLING NEEDLEFIRE CALVARY PISTOL WITH HINGED BOLT HANDLE.

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Description: NSN. Caliber 14mm. Very rare German military needlefire cavalry pistol assembled by V.C.S. (V. Charles Schilling) in the mid 1800s. The pistol has an 8.5î bbl with a fixed front sight and a small drift adjustable rear sight. On top of the chamber flat, just in front of the rear sight, appears ìGUSSSTAHLî (cast steel barrel). The left side of the receiver is marked ìSUHL,î the right side is marked with a crown surmounting the initials V.C.S. Crown/V German Transitional proofs (identifying finished weapons in stock at the introduction of Germany's first proof law in 1891) were later applied to the left side of the barrel, the left side of the chamber and the left side of the bolt. Operation is in the usual manner, with the rotatable bolt handle folding in for more convenient storage. To disassemble the bolt, one merely pushes down on the fire blued latch at the rear of the bolt, freeing the firing pin assembly to rotate out of its housing. When originally assembled all metal components were in-the-white or fire blued (latch release, trigger, and screws) and attached to a single piece stock whose grip cap was made with a sturdy and integral lanyard loop. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: Metal lightly polished with sharp edges.††All markings readily discernible though the crown on the right side of the chamber is blurred. Remnants of original fire blue on one of the trigger guard screws, the trigger and grip cap screw. The stock is sound, never having been sanded, with slight staining and a scattering of light handling marks excepting a few shallow bruises on the left side. No cracks or losses. Incredibly nice, near-mirror bore, with strong rifling.††Perfect mechanics. Very difficult to find Schilling large cavalry pistol in excellent condition. 4-52425 LMA13

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UNUSUAL DREYSE NEEDLEFIRE REVOLVER, LIGHTLY ENGRAVED, WITH LOADER.

Lot 3002: UNUSUAL DREYSE NEEDLEFIRE REVOLVER, LIGHTLY ENGRAVED, WITH LOADER.

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Description: SN 5215. Cal .35. Dreyse made relatively few needlefire revolvers. This example has a 4" bbl with a drift adjustable front sight and a fixed rear sight. The top strap reads "v. DREYSE SOMMERDA". The SN 5215 appears within a light scroll on the left side of the frame while the caliber designation "Cal: 0,35-12 Gran Pulv", is on the right frame. "K" is stamped on the front of the frame, partially covered by the cylinder pin lever. Additional light scroll is on the rear of the receiver and under the trigger guard that was originally case hardened. The exaggerated grip, with horizontal escutcheons, has fine wraparound checkering that extends to the strap. At the base is a robust non-rotatable lanyard ring. Function is double action only. Included is an orig loader, bare metal, #5555. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: Little orig finish with all metal surfaces having been lightly cleaned over mild pitting. No case coloring on the trigger guard whose surface has been equally burnished. Comparable condition single piece grip with scattered bruises and dings. Most of the varnish has thinned to allow oil soaked staining, particularly at the base of the grip, though losses are minimal. Dark bore with strong rifling amidst moderate oxidation. Perfect manual function. The loader is in comparable condition, having been very lightly polished, but showing orig machine marks and very sharp edges. 4-52419 LMA114

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RARE J PIRE M1873 GERMAN SAXON ARMY REVOLVER, CF CARTRIDGE CONVERSION.

Lot 3003: RARE J PIRE M1873 GERMAN SAXON ARMY REVOLVER, CF CARTRIDGE CONVERSION.

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Description: SN 231. Caliber 11mm. Early German Saxon Army issue M/73 revolver, partially a copy of the Smith & Wesson Model 1 1/2 First Issue, with features of the Sharps revolver, made from 1873-1878 by F Langenhahn in Zella-Mehlis, with a ribbed 5.5" barrel having a drift adjustable front and rear sight. These were the first cartridge revolvers service issued in Germany, originally as rim-fire, they were soon converted to central fire, and when obsolete were sold off through the Haenel firm of Suhl in 1892 to the dealer Pire in Antwerp, and were then refinished to blue from the original brown and "S. Pire & Co, ANVERS" marked on the top rib. Belgian proofs on the right side of the receiver and marked on the cylinder "1883", marked on the left side of the barrel lug, was the year of weapon was modified to centerfire and changed to have a fluted cylinder. Matte rust blue finish with in-the-white hammer. Other small parts are fire blued. Walnut grips with coarse, bordered checkering. Production was reported to be 4000 revolvers. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: 95% carefully re-blued, in 1892 when sold off by Haenel, with comparable condition but original fire blue remaining on the small parts. Spring tensioning screw on front strap missing a portion of head. Original grips, nicely checkered with minimal staining, well in keeping with the revolver's overall appearance. Bright bore with strong rifling and only minimal erosion. All cylinders index perfectly. 4-52563 LMA29

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SWISS M1882 REVOLVER WITH ORIGINAL SCHMIDT SHOULDER STOCK.

Lot 3004: SWISS M1882 REVOLVER WITH ORIGINAL SCHMIDT SHOULDER STOCK.

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Description: SN 32165. Cal. 7.5mm. Swiss M1882 revolver with 4-1/2" bbl, having a fixed front and rear sight. Fully matched SNs on the left side of bbl, left frame and on the cyl. The last few matching digits marked on the ejector, hammer, loading gate and trigger. The right grip panel was removed and marked with a penciled "65". Under the panel was a previous owner's tag, noting Schwab, Jak. from Winterthurer. Revolver was released from Army service in 1963 as reflected by the "P63" on the left side of the frame. Major components with orig rust blue; minor components strawed. Varnished and fluted grip panels. Complete with correct and orig leather wrapped shoulder stock whose lid was marked with a circular logo containing "R. Schmidt. Lt. Col. L. Bern" surrounding a Swiss cross. The inner body of the stock was lightly ink stamped "1914" - originally to match a revolver of the same number. Body of stock is missing its shoulder straps. Lug extension is correctly in the white and fits nicely into the grip recess though does not lock in place. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess CONDITION: Revolver has a bright 98-99% orig rust blue with comparable condition strawed parts. Grips retain most of their varnish with slight thinning on the right panel. Mirror bore with sharp rifling. Perfect mechanics. Leather covered shoulder stock sound but oiled with moderate crazing. No suggestion of restitching. Lug extension has been filed to fit a particular gun and has a welded repair at the forward tip. 4-52050 LMA110

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M1883 MILITARY REICHS REVOLVER, HIGH POLISH.

Lot 3005: M1883 MILITARY REICHS REVOLVER, HIGH POLISH.

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Description: SN 898S. Caliber 10.55mm. Early high polish Officer's Model Reichs revolver with checkered grips, single action, made by the V. Charles Schilling ñ C.G.H. consortium in Suhl with a 4.5î bbl having a fixed front and rear sight. The octagonal portion of the bbl, as entering the forward frame, has the left upper flat marked with the caliber 10.55. The left flat is marked GF along with the serial number 898S that is repeated on the left side of the frame, the side plate, the loading gate, the cylinder, and the cylinder pin. All the small parts are matched with the digits 98, including the grip screw and each of the grip escutcheons. The military acceptance, a large Crown/R, appears on the bottom of the front strap. Checkered grips characteristic of the Officer's Model and lanyard ring. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: Original blue with approximately 85% coverage, mellow toning on bbl, right side of frame, and front/back strap. Untouched small parts have comparable condition fire blue (safety lever, grip screw and escutcheons) and straw. Nicely checkered grips retain virtually all their diamonds with minimal blunting. No cracks or losses. Bright bore with strong rifling and only minimal erosion. Perfect mechanics. A very nice all-matching military Officer's Reichs revolver. 4-52574 LMA20

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MILITARY M1879 REICH REVOLVER, PRUSSIAN EAGLE, S&S;, V.C.S.-C.C.H.

Lot 3006: MILITARY M1879 REICH REVOLVER, PRUSSIAN EAGLE, S&S;, V.C.S.-C.C.H.

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Description: SN 3608. Cal. 10.55mm. Standard M1879 Reich revolver dated 1881 with 7" bbl having muzzle flare, fixed front and fixed rear sight. The rear of the bbl is octagonal as it inserts into the forward frame and is marked with the full SN that is repeated on the frame, cyl and cyl axle. A Prussian eagle appears next to the bbl SN and is repeated on the cyl. The last two digits of the SN are on the head of the frame screws, the safety lever and the loading gate. Military acceptance marks appear on the frame on either side of the trigger guard and on the buttcap that is also marked "69.A./4.66." The fixing lever has broken off the head of the cyl pin release screw. Heavy lanyard ring extends from the buttcap. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: Orig brown finish, with considerable fading and later oxidation, now appearing as 25% coverage. Virtually all the fire blue from the screws and safety lever has transitioned to a grey/brown. The same applies to the grip screw and its retaining escutcheons. Excellent bore with strong rifling and only minimal oxidation. All cyls index correctly with manual function; safety works properly. 4-52571 LMA113

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M1883 DREYSE MILITARY REICH REVOLVER, STANDARD PRODUCTION.

Lot 3007: M1883 DREYSE MILITARY REICH REVOLVER, STANDARD PRODUCTION.

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Description: SN 2977. Cal. 10.55mm. Standard matte finish Reich revolver, single action with non-reinforced cyl lock cuts, made by F. v. Dreyse of Soemmerda as marked in a logo on the left side of the frame. Usual 4-1/2" bbl having fixed front and rear sight. The octagonal portion of the bbl, entering the forward frame, has the left upper flat marked with the caliber 10.55. The left flat is marked with a Prussian eagle along with the SN 2977 that is repeated on the left side of the frame, the sideplate, the cyl, and the cyl pin. All small parts, including the loading gate, are matched with the digits 77 including the grip screw and each of the grip escutcheons. Military acceptances appear on the lower part of the frame, on each side of the lanyard ring. The backstrap is marked "76.A.8.7." Smooth wood grips. No lanyard ring. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: Orig blue estimated at 60%. Comparable condition fire blue on safety lever. Many of the grip screws had burred slots that were dressed down. Wood grips with handling dings and staining consistent with the overall appearance. Bright bore with strong rifling and only mild oxidation. Cyl does not reliably index on manual testing. 4-52560 LMA112

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LARGE MAUSER ZIG-ZAG SINGLE ACTION REVOLVER.

Lot 3008: LARGE MAUSER ZIG-ZAG SINGLE ACTION REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 2623. Caliber 10.6mm. Late, standard production, Mauser Zig-Zag Revolver with blued finish and ribbed 5.5" bbl having an integral front sight. Marked on the top rib "WAFFENFABRIK MAUSER OBENDORF A/NECKAR". Top strap has an open slot. Cylinder has the unusual feature of the "Zig-Zag" pattern around the outside diameter that acts as a slot for the hand to rotate the cylinder for the next shot. Left front side of the frame has a thumb safety that locks the cylinder by means of notches in the protruding rim. In front of the bottom frame is a lever that attaches to the bbl lug, that, when opened, allows the bbl to tip up for reloading and confirms a matching cylinder. The frame is fitted with a special 2-pc, full checkered, sharply angled walnut grip whose butt is protected by a metal cap. Production numbers of the zig-zag revolver are unknown but believed to be extremely limited with few sold in the U.S. Although made in several calibers, (7, 9, 10.6mm) the big bore model is considered to be the most desirable. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: Largely a blue-brown gun with considerable oxidative toning. Overall, less than 25% rust blue. The fire blued cylinder, cylinder stop, and safety lever have oxidized to a uniform brown. Very little of the original case-hardening remains on the take down lever and the only discernible case colors of the hammer remain in protected areas. Moderately bright bore with sharp rifling and mild oxidation. Grips are period special replacements with very fine checkering. Scattered superficial dents, particularly on the left side. Mechanically perfect with secure locking of each cylinder. 4-52567 LMA22

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SCARCE LANCASTER 4 BARREL PISTOL .380 CALIBER.

Lot 3009: SCARCE LANCASTER 4 BARREL PISTOL .380 CALIBER.

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Description: SN 8145. Cal. .380". 4 Bbl Lancaster with 4-1/8" bbls, fixed front and rear sight. Rib recess marked "CHARLES LANCASTER (PATENT) 15 NEW BOND ST, LONDON". Oval bore bbls. Fitted with German silver blade front sight, and marked on left bbl flute "380.C.F." London black powder proofs are on left side of bbls. Hammerless O/U receiver has integral V-notch rear sight and lever latch engaging two dogs on breech ends of bbls that have a toggled extractor system. Hand engraved SN under trigger guard bow. Birds head grip, with backstrap serrations for enhanced gripping, has lanyard swivel at bottom rear, and checkered walnut grips. Assembly #50 is marked under the bbls, on the frame under the grips and marked in pencil on each panel. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: Bbls retain 80% orig rust blue with thinning, fine scratches and scuffs. Comparable condition, orig midnight blue on action though the finish on the frontstrap is reduced to 50% and the trigger guard has largely browned. Fire blue on the trigger is 40-50% with the trigger face transitioned to a pleasant patina. Grips are in keeping with the overall condition, having numerous surface dings and minor blemishes.††A chip measuring 5/8" x 1/4" is missing from the bottom of the left panel. Bores are bright with mild erosion. Perfect manual function. 4-52240 LMA124

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CHARLES LANCASTER 2 BARREL PISTOL WITH SHOULDER STOCK AND RETAILER CASE.

Lot 3010: CHARLES LANCASTER 2 BARREL PISTOL WITH SHOULDER STOCK AND RETAILER CASE.

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Description: SN 7732. Cal. .476". 2 Bbl Lancaster with 8" bbls, fixed front and rear sight. Rib marked 'CHARLES LANCASTER (PATENT) 151 NEW BOND ST, LONDON". Oval bore bbls. Fitted with German silver blade front sight, and marked on left bbl flute "476 C.F." London black powder proofs are on left side of bbls. Hammerless O/U receiver has integral V-notch rear sight and lever latch engaging two dogs on breech ends of bbls that have a toggling extractor system. Trigger guard bow is recessed for folding trigger extension that is used to cock the mechanism, released by pulling the trigger. Birds head grip has color case hardened lanyard at bottom rear and checkered walnut grips. Open threaded hole at the rear of the frame for skeleton shoulder stock attachment. The initials "D.R" are on the top of the frame and repeated on the escutcheon inlaid into the top of the Lancaster-labeled oak case, lined in green felt, that has been partitioned for the revolver, wire stock, cleaning rod, oiler, and a block to hold 18 cartridges. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess, Ex-Visser Collection. CONDITION: Excellent. Bbls retain 95% orig rust blue with minimal thinning and flecking. Comparable condition, midnight blue on action with minor flaking under trigger guard, the lower portion of frontstrap and on the backstrap surrounding the shoulder stock attachment. Fire blue on minor components 80-90% with no suggestion of enhancement. Grips are excellent with some light marks. Bores are bright with only mild erosion. Manual function sluggish, suggesting congealed grease, with unreliable firing pin release. Near excellent oak presentation case, typical British retailer construction. The lid label with minor losses was hand dated "1885". Minor rub marks and staining of the felt liner. Condition of the wire shoulder stock, cleaning rod and oiler are commensurate with the condition of the pistol and age of the ensemble. An exceptionally fine example of this interesting pistol, particularly attractive with its rare shoulder stock and retailer case. 4-52241 LMA123

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OUTSTANDING WEBLEY & SCOTT R.I.C. REVOLVER IN ORIG MANUFACTURER CARTON, .450.

Lot 3011: OUTSTANDING WEBLEY & SCOTT R.I.C. REVOLVER IN ORIG MANUFACTURER CARTON, .450.

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Description: SN 101708. Cal .450. Standard production Webley & Scott R.I.C. 2-1/2" bbl, having a fixed front and rear sight. The top strap is marked "P. WEBLEY & SON/LONDON & BIRMINGHAM" British proofs have been applied on the left side of the bbl, repeated on each of the cyl flutes, and on the right side of the frame. The left side of the frame is marked "Webley's R.I.C MODEL/83/5 SHOT". Above this denomination is the cal .450; below is the W&S winged bullet logo adjacent to the full SN 101708. The rear of the cyl is matching "708" and cal ".450". The major components of the revolver retain their orig high polish midnight blue while the smaller parts are either nickled or heat treated to a fire blue. Orig grips with correctly blunted checkering. A rotatable lanyard ring extends from the base of the grip. Accompanied by an orig maroon shipping box whose red end label is marked "WEBLEY/RIC 83/.450." PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: At least 96-98% of the brilliant high polish midnight blue, excepting the grip strap and grip cap whose finish has transitioned to about 50%, the balance a very mellow patina. Comparable condition small parts. Orig grip with virtually all of its varnish over correctly blunted checkering. Bright bore with sharply discernible rifling and negligible oxidation. Perfect manual function. Outstanding box with only minimal shelf wear and scuffing. Lid is attached to the base without supplemental taping or gluing. Nominal oil staining of the interior with wax paper. Finding and original box in this condition is even more difficult than encountering such an outstanding revolver! 4-52245 LMA115

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EXCEPTIONAL FACTORY NICKELED SCHLUND REVOLVER, KYNOCH MARKED, IN MAHOGANY RETAILER CASE.

Lot 3012: EXCEPTIONAL FACTORY NICKELED SCHLUND REVOLVER, KYNOCH MARKED, IN MAHOGANY RETAILER CASE.

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Description: SN 515. Cal. .380. Factory nickeled Schlund revolver with 4" bbl and fixed front and rear sight. Bbl rib is marked "KYNOCH GUN FACTORY ASTON/PATENT MODEL". British proofs appear on the bbl extension over the cyl, on each of the cyl flutes and on the right side of the frame. The checkered lever on the tang releases the action that has a levered extraction. The lower trigger is pulled to rotate and lock the cyl; the top trigger is pulled to release the hammer. All screws have been heat treated to a fire blue. Single piece walnut grip deeply checkered in a bordered design. Presented in a mahogany case whose lid has a shield-shaped escutcheon. The case is lined in green felt and compartmentalized for the revolver, a cleaning rod, and other components. A wood block has been drilled to hold 12 cartridges. The cleaning rod is brass, 7" in length, and threaded for an end insert. There are no other accessories. The lid is secured with a central lock (key missing). PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: Exceptional Kynoch revolver with nearly 99% factory nickel showing only very light scattered scuffs. Negligible oxidation and sharp edge wear. Fire blued screws with over 90% orig finish. Same outstanding condition applies to the wood grip that retains nearly all of its orig varnish and has deep, seemingly unblemished checkering. Bright bore with sharp rifling and only minimal oxidation. Perfect mechanics. Near excellent condition mahogany case with scattered handling dings, scuffs and minor staining. Comparable condition liner with wear and minor staining corresponding to the contact areas. Brass cleaning rod has toned to a pleasant mustard color. It would be hard to improve upon this cased Schlund revolver. 4-52238 LMA134

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GABBETT-FAIRFAX M 1895 PATENT MODEL PISTOL.

Lot 3013: GABBETT-FAIRFAX M 1895 PATENT MODEL PISTOL.

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Description: NSN. Resembling Hugh Gabbett-Fairfax's first pistol patent, GB Pat. 18686 of 1895 (copy included with lot), and possibly a precursor design, an unfinished, patent model pistol, with 7î barrel chambered for the 7.65 mm Borchardt cartridge, assembled to show relationship between feed mechanism, bolt and hammer. Rotary magazine with short recoil action, locking wedge lacking. Frame without side panels has trigger group. Mainspring does not connect to hammer that must be manually cycled. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: Grey-brown gun with 20% bright metal, largely on the left side of the frame and subframe. Bright bore with strong rifling. Mild corrosion in grooves suggests barrel must have been at least test fired.  A very interesting piece of history, particularly for the collector of British pistols or early semiautomatic arms.  † 4-52411 LMA15

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RARE STEYR LAUMANN MODEL 1891 REPEATING PISTOL.

Lot 3014: RARE STEYR LAUMANN MODEL 1891 REPEATING PISTOL.

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Description: SN 15. Caliber 7.8mm. Josef Laumann, of Austria, made a very small number of manual repeater pistols prior to his collaboration with Schˆnberger. These large frame guns had a very distinctive silhouette, largely due to their forward, angulated magazine housing made to house a stripper clip. This particular gun, one of only three noted by Mˆtz and Schuy (Vom Ursprung der Selbstladepistole), has a browned 4.75î barrel with a fixed half-moon front sight. A groove in the rear of the receiver acts as the rear sight. There are no manufacturer's markings or proofs. The only marking on this pistol is the serial number 15, appearing on the left side of the barrel and repeated on the adjacent receiver. Other than the barrel, most major components and some minor components were color case hardened, including the frame and its sideplate, finger ring, trigger and the independently mounted finger stop mounted on the frontstrap. The bolt is in-the-white and the safety fire blued. Operation is like most repeaters, whereby a spring loaded finger ring cocks the pistol while moving the bolt forward, simultaneously chambering a cartridge. When cocked, the rear of the firing pin extends from the bolt. Pressing down on the serrated arm of the safety allows the trigger to be pulled. Cartridge feeding was via a special stripper clip, not present, that was released using the 1/2" checkered button mounted on the right side of the receiver. Grips are checkered, bordered walnut, retained by a single transverse screw.Cartridge feeding was via a special stripper clip, not present, that was released using the 1/2" checkered button mounted on the right side of the receiver. Grips are checkered, bordered walnut, retained by a single transverse screw. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess, illustr. TBLAP, "pictured Vom Ursprung der Selbstladepistole", page 116, 117. Ex-Visser collection. CONDITION: At least 90% of the browned finish remains on the barrel. The color case hardening has begun to fade, particularly on the receiver sideplate and on most of the top and right side of the receiver, where the color is transitioning to gray. The same fading involves the backstrap, such that the overall case color is about 70%. The bolt has been recently polished, especially at the rear, and the end cap resurfaced. Wear on the fire blued safety is consistent with the overall use. Excellent original grips with only minimal handling, no losses or chips. Bright bore with shallow rifling and only minor oxidative erosion. Perfect mechanics. An extremely rare, historically significant (as precursor of the first selfloading pistol, the Schˆnberger-Laumann) and very charismatic repeater pistol. 4-52459 LMA11

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EXTREMELY RARE AND HISTORICALLY IMPORTANT STEYR MADE SCH÷NBERGER-LAUMANN M1892 SELF LOADING PISTOL.

Lot 3015: EXTREMELY RARE AND HISTORICALLY IMPORTANT STEYR MADE SCH÷NBERGER-LAUMANN M1892 SELF LOADING PISTOL.

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Description: SN 10. Caliber 8mm. The first successful self-loading pistol, developed from the Laumann Repeating Pistol for Austrian Army trials from 1892. This second variation with flat sided frame has 6" bbl that assumes an octagonal form 1" in front of the chamber with a drift adjustable front sight. SN 10 appears on the left side of the bbl and is repeated on the left side of the frame along with "WAFFENFABRIK STEYR". On the right side is a large cocking lever that retracts the bolt out the rear of the frame. After returning to battery, a cocking indicator (firng pin extension) extends from the back of the bolt. Just above the tang is a large transverse rotating holdopen/ safety whose left side is serrated. Pushing down on the left side releases the bolt and allows the pistol to fire. In front of the cocking lever is a 3/8" diameter serrated button that acts as a charger release. The bbl and frame are rust blued while the bolt and cocking lever are in-the-white. The safety and trigger are gray case hardened. A large rotatable lanyard loop extends from the base of the frame. PROVENANCE: Ex Visser collection, illustrated HBSA Journal Vol 2 No 6, illustr. TBLAP, pictured Vom Ursprung der Selbstladepistole, page 184, 185. Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: 90% original blue with uniformly scattered frosting over the barrel frame and grip straps. Comparable condition, untouched small parts.  Original grips with oil darkening and bordered checkering whose color and age are consistent with the appearance of the pistol. Bright bore with strong rifling. Perfect mechanics. An extremely unusual and historically very important prototype that could easily be the centerpiece of any early automatic pistol collection. 4-52461 LMA1

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RARE SCHULHOF REPEATING PISTOL, SN 1.

Lot 3016: RARE SCHULHOF REPEATING PISTOL, SN 1.

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Description: SN 1. Cal. .320 SHORT REV. Repeating pistols were the immediate predecessors to semiautomatic arms. All required a manual movement to chamber and discharge the cartridge. Sometimes, both actions were performed simultaneously. In most cases, upon release, a loading bar or lever would spring back to its original position. Schulhof was credited with having developed several types of repeating pistols in about 1884. This version has a 4.25" bbl with a fixed front sight and no rear sight. Serial number 1 was applied under the bbl and repeated on the forward frame. Faint British proof marks appear on the left side of the barrel and frame. A finger loop lever under the receiver was used to close the bolt. Having traveled to its final position, the trigger can be pulled to fire the gun. Only a small nudge is required to push the finger loop forward the opening being completed by spring action. Loading was accomplished through the butt into a tubular magazine channel through the butt up to the breech with ratchet feeding mechanism and secured by a sliding serrated button. Though awkward and cumbersome by today's standards, repeater pistols were an important development and provided the foundation for more modern semiautomatics. PROVENANCE: Ex Visser Collection, Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: The pistol appears in-the-white and unlikely to have ever been finished. The lightly cleaned surface has largely mellowed to a pleasant gray with superficial staining. Excellent and all-original grips with coarse borderless checkering. Minimal staining and handling dings. No chips or losses. Surprisingly bright bore with sharp rifling and only minimal etching. Mechanically perfect though the finger lever return spring is weak. One of the rarest repeaters in existence, suitable for the most advanced collection. 4-52439 LMA25

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UNIQUE PROTOTYPE SCHULHOF REPEATING PISTOL WITH FORWARD MAGAZINE FOR CLIP LOADING.

Lot 3017: UNIQUE PROTOTYPE SCHULHOF REPEATING PISTOL WITH FORWARD MAGAZINE FOR CLIP LOADING.

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Description: SN NSN.. Caliber 9mm Gasser/Kropatchek. Repeating pistols were the immediate predecessors to semiautomatic arms. All required a manual movement to chamber the cartridge. After firing, a loading bar or lever would spring back to its original position. Schulhof was credited with having developed several types of repeating pistols in about 1884. This version has a 6.25" octagonal bbl with a drift adjustable front and rear sight. A finger loop lever under the receiver was used to close the bolt. Having traveled to its final position, the trigger, which is most unusually in a Schulhof pistol carried in the finger loop, is pulled automatically to fire the gun unless the loop is manipulated by placing the finger at the front outside the loop. No forward breech opening assist spring. Loading is through a forward frame extension box magazine that is brazed in place and has a curved vertical slot in the right side to accommodate the feed lever and cartridge follower. The cartridges are loaded from a stripper clip (not present) inserted from beneath the magazine box and are tensioned by the leaf spring driven feed lever, which is pivoted internally from above the loading lever. Though awkward and cumbersome by today's standards, repeater pistols were an important development and provided the foundation for more modern semiautomatics. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess, ex Visser coll'n, illust. Vom Ursprung der Selbstladepistole p 46/47. CONDITION: The pistol is in-the-white as a prototype and unlikely to have ever been finished. The lightly cleaned surface is still quite bright with minimal oxidative etching or staining. Missing a non functional screw from the left side of the frame, lower surface, just behind the magazine extension. Original walnut grips with bordered coarse checkering. Each panel has a tiny missing chip at the upper front corner.  Bore is smooth, never having been rifled. Mechanically perfect though the finger lever return spring is weak and once opened fully, the mechanism may stick. A unique prototype variant of one of the rarest repeaters in existence, suitable for the most advanced collection. 4-52440 LMA26

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SUPERB CASED BITTNER REPEATING PISTOL, MODEL 1893.

Lot 3018: SUPERB CASED BITTNER REPEATING PISTOL, MODEL 1893.

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Description: SN 192. One of the most recognizable repeating pistols, whose production has been estimated at 3000 guns. This outstanding example has a 6î bbl with a fixed front sight. The fire blued rear sight is a cursor mounted on a ramp marked in three gradations from 50-150. The top of the chamber is marked with the eagle/3 Weipert proof mark while the right side of the frame is stamped ìPATENT BITTNERî over an encircled logo containing an intertwined ìGBî surmounting a ìWî (Gustav Bittner, Weipert). This particular example is marked 2142.97 under the barrel, indicating that it was the 2142nd pistol proofed in the Weipert Proof House in 1897. The serial number, marked internally, was recorded as 192 by Dr. Sturgess. As true for all Bittners, the barrel is browned while the frame, sideplate, finger lever, safety and bolt cap are color case hardened. The bolt is in the white. Forend and grips are nicely checkered with blunted points as typical for this gun. Cased with full accessories in wood framed, black leather clad, green baize lined factory case with original screwdriver, brass cleaning rod/rush and grease bottle (part full). PROVENANCE: Ex-Visser Collection, Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess, pictured "Vom Ursprung der Selbstladepistole", page 128. CONDITION: The barrel contains 98% of its original browned finish. The untouched case hardening still retains its vivid colors under a lacquered coating with only minimal sharp edge wear and fading of the backstrap. Bright in-the white bolt and extractor show no evidence of cleaning. Original forend and grips with slight oil darkening and a few minor handling dings. A tiny chip is missing from the upper front corner of the right grip panel. Generally bright bore with strong rifling, showing corrosion in the grooves. Perfect mechanics. Excellent orig case with minor scuffs and leather losses limited to edges and corners. Lid liner with oil-stained impression of gun and accessories. The green felt is in similar condition, a small loss where in contact with the rear sight. Excellent orig oil bottle; as-new screwdriver, with fire blued shaft, excellent orig cleaning rod. No ammunition charger. This cased Bittner would be very difficult to upgrade. 4-52429 LMA135

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RARE MANNLICHER M1894, FACTORY ENGRAVED, PRESENTATION.

Lot 3019: RARE MANNLICHER M1894, FACTORY ENGRAVED, PRESENTATION.

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Description: SN 34. Caliber 7.6mm. Mannlicher made approximately 100 large frame M1894s in caliber 7.6mm. Most pistols, as this example, had a beavertail hammer. The rib of the barrel shroud is marked "PAT. F. v. MANNLICHER 1894." The serial number appears on the left side of the bbl shroud and is repeated on the left side of the receiver. As true for all blowforwards, the cartridge is chambered on the rearward movement of the bbl. The pistol can be fired in either the single or double action mode. Disassembly is accomplished by removing the grips and releasing the tension on the hammer spring using the yoked tool under the grips. At that point, the lever under the bbl shroud can be released, allowing the shroud to be unscrewed and the bbl removed from the frame. This example has been factory engraved with very fine scroll, delicately placed on each side of the frame, under the trigger guard and on the front and backstrap, highlighting the name on the backstrap "CORONEL ROBERTO A. GONI," later Chilean Army Chief of Staff. With images from 1910 Chilean Army Commemmorative Album showing Jeneral de Division R. Goni as General Commanding the Chilean General War Department in 1910. The small parts have been fire blued and the dark wood grips finely checkered with a narrow border. Taking off the left grip and frame panel shows that the rarely encountered takedown tool, also fire blued, is present. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess.††Pictured "Vom Ursprung der Selbstladepistole", page 246. CONDITION: Original blue, estimated at 80-85%, with cold blue touch-up, thinning and oxidation of front and backstraps. Barrel is in the white with jeweled surface over chamber. The freshened fire blue on the hammer, trigger, and barrel shroud stop shows wear and oxidation consistent with the overall appearance. Outstanding replacement grips have beautifully fitting escutcheons, no losses or chips and complement the pistol in every respect. Mirror bright bore with strong rifling.††Perfect mechanics. Extremely scarce early semiautomatic, particularly factory engraved, with historic inscription. 4-52230 LMA3

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HISTORIC SALVATOR DORMUS M1896, AUSTRIAN MILTARY TEST PISTOL.

Lot 3020: HISTORIC SALVATOR DORMUS M1896, AUSTRIAN MILTARY TEST PISTOL.

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Description: SN 27. Caliber 8mm. In 1891 Archduke Carl Salvator and Sir Georg Dormus collaborated to design a semiautomatic pistol that culminated in the M1896 that was tested by the Austrian military. Patented in July 1891, very shortly after the Schˆberger-Laumann pistol, patented in June 1891, this was the second workable self loading pistol design to see limited production, but was designed without reference to any earlier pattern, unlike the Schˆnberger, which was developed from his earlier manual repeating design by Josef Laumann. According to Mˆtz and Schuy (Vom Ursprung der Selbstladepistole), approximately 50 examples were made, of which 30 were submitted in late 1896 for formal Austrian Army testing. Although not military accepted, this example has all the characteristics of one of the test guns, being the third version made with squared off base to the butt with charger exit door rather than with the rounded bag shaped butt of earlier examples. This pistol has a 5.75î bbl with a fixed front and rear sight which does not recoil on firing, the action being purely blowback. Under the barrel is a charging rod, hand-checkered on its forward surface, that moves the bolt fully rearward where it may be retained by a combination slide release/safety lever, the upper of two levers, mounted on the frame to the left of the hammer. Pushing the lever fractionally down releases the bolt; pushing it down further rotates the hammer block out of the way, allowing the dropped hammer to contact the firing pin. The small lever immediately below provides counterforce tensioning. The gun is loaded via a stripper clip and has a hinged magazine door on the butt, pivoting on the same axle used to retain the generous lanyard ring. All major components are rust blued. The hammer, trigger and magazine cover are case hardened, the bolt is in the white, and the grip escutcheons are fire blued. Large, smooth walnut grips are varnished. None of the Salvator-Dormus pistols were manufacturer marked. Some will have a serial number on the barrel behind the rear sight and a few will have an Austrian acceptance mark on the left frame. This example is numbered 27 inside the lid of the magazine cover. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess, Ex-Visser Collection, pictured "Vom Ursprung der Selbstladepistole", page 204. CONDITION: Bright 95+% original rust blue finish with wear and a few minor mars around the muzzle cap, minor thinning and frosting of the still-strongly blued gripstraps.  The tiny metal imperfection on the backstrap is a manufacturing flaw.  Faded casehardening in contact areas.  The fire blue has faded from the grip escutcheons.  Most of the original varnish is still on the grips that have a scattering of surface dings and minor oil-related discoloration.  No chips or losses.  Very bright bore with strong rifling.  Perfect mechanics.  A very scarce and one of the earliest semiautomatic pistol designs, with a well documented military history. 4-52450 LMA9

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HIGHLY DESIRABLE MANNLICHER M1896/03 WITH MATCHING MAGAZINE.

Lot 3021: HIGHLY DESIRABLE MANNLICHER M1896/03 WITH MATCHING MAGAZINE.

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Description: SN 264. Caliber 7.65mm. The SIG factory made relatively few M1896 pistols for Mannlicher. This standard production example has a 4.5'' bbl fitted with a drift adjustable front sight and a fixed rear sight. An intertwined BP (Swiss Bernerprobe proof mark) is on the top chamber flat. The serial number 264 is repeated on the left side of the chamber, the left side of the receiver, the right side of the trigger and on the bottom of the detachable magazine. There is a large cocking lever on the right side of the frame. To operate, the bolt needs to be withdrawn and then released using the cocking lever, similar in operation to a C96. Pulling the trigger will fire the pistol and allow the cocking lever to rotate forward. The small serrated projection over the tang is the safety. Moving the safety up blocks the cocking lever to prevent firing. Checkered walnut grips and lanyard ring. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: Strong 98% original rust blue with no discernible fading on either the front or back strap. The body of the bolt, trigger and magazine follower have been lightly polished. Minimal oxidative change on the cocking lever, correctly in the white, and on the strawed safety. Original grips with flat checkering. Negligible dings and no cracks. Near-mirror bore with strong rifling and only minimal oxidative change. Perfect mechanics.  † 4-52218 LMA21

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UNIQUE EXPERIMENTAL FRANCOTTE REPEATING PISTOL.

Lot 3022: UNIQUE EXPERIMENTAL FRANCOTTE REPEATING PISTOL.

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Description: NSN. Caliber 7.65mm. Unique Francotte manual repeating pistol prototype with a ribbed 5î bbl having a drift adjustable front and rear sight. Belgian Leige proof markings are on the right side of the bbl. This all-metal pistol is loaded by depressing a button on the lower portion of the left grip, allowing it to slide down the frame, locking in place, to expose the loading area. Gentle pressure for repositioning. The small serrated lever behind the rear sight is a safety; rotating it to the left blocks the trigger bar. Clearly a toolroom experimental prototype, rife with tool marks and hand filing. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess, ex Visser Collection. CONDITION: At least 90% original blue with fine freckling on the barrel and minor thinning where handled. Comparable condition fire blue front and rear sight. Heat tempered colors on the flat metal grips are commensurately faded. Strong trigger bar spring though sear engagement is somewhat erratic, likely due to gummed internals. Dark bore with shallow rifling and considerable corrosion. An extremely rare Francotte pistol prototype, the only one known to this cataloger. 4-52430 LMA27

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SCARCE COUNET PATENT REPEATING PISTOL.

Lot 3023: SCARCE COUNET PATENT REPEATING PISTOL.

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Description: SN 1278. Caliber 9mm Counet. Extremely scarce manual repeater pistol with a 6.65î octagonal bbl with a fixed front sight and fixed, screwed in place, rear sight. The left side of the barrel, just in front of the receiver, has Belgium proofs. ìPH Counetî is marked on the left side of the receiver along with the number ì38î (possibly the caliber, .38î Short Revolver). In this same field, on the both the barrel and receiver, is a series of Crown/V British proofs. There are no other markings on the pistol, other than the serial number 1278, marked on the butt by the lanyard ring, and the number 3313 struck on the adjacent surface of the left grip panel. The curved, serrated lever behind the receiver depresses the magazine follower when moved forward. The larger vertical bar, mounted on the right side of the receiver, serves to retain the loaded cartridges. Once the finger lever is fully retracted, the firing pin is released by depressing the small bar mounted to the forward face that extends from the right side. The barrel and receiver are rust blued. Many of the smaller components, originally in-the-white or thinly nickled, now appear as a pleasant gray. Wood panels are checkered and bordered. A prominent and swiveling case-hardened lanyard loop is mounted on the butt. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess, ex Visser collection. CONDITION: 95-97% original rust blue with small scattered flecks of oxidation, principally on the backstrap. Minimal sharp edge use-related wear.  Comparable condition small parts. Dark grips with scattered dings, the left panel having a small bruises near the grip screw. Bright bore with strong rifling and only minimal oxidation. Mechanically perfect. 4-52434 LMA28

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UNIQUE AND FINELY MADE REPEATING PISTOL, BELGIAN.

Lot 3024: UNIQUE AND FINELY MADE REPEATING PISTOL, BELGIAN.

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Description: SN NVN. Caliber 7.5mm. This small, very well made and attractive repeater , manufacturer unknown, has a 4î barrel with a drift adjustable bead front sight and a grooved rear sight that appears on the under surface of the dust cover. The design is quite interesting. When the dust cover is secured in place by its spring loaded plunger, it acts as a safety, with an internal stop that prevents the bolt from moving forward. Flipping open the cover exposes a groove on its inner surface-the rear sight. Pulling the trigger closes the bolt and, when fully closed, releases the firing pin. As the bolt is retracted, two spring loaded ejectors, that externally appear as the strawed bars on each side of the chamber, expel the cartridge from the chamber. The only marking is a series of Belgian proofs, faintly struck on the right side of the barrel. All major components are rust blued, the ejectors and trigger are strawed, the bolt is in-the-white and the sideplate and grip screws are fire blued. Grip panels are smooth walnut. PROVENANCE: Ex-Visser Collection. Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: A nearly as-new restoration with perfectly sharp planes and correct contouring. The fire blue and straw is outstanding. The only suggestion of restoration is the very fine pitting on each side of the front sight and some minor disturbances on the barrel whose proofs are partially effaced. Grips have been restored with the same care, the left panel having a small chip just behind the trigger guard. Bright bore with strong rifling and only mild erosion. Perfect mechanics. A beautiful, early repeater that appears nearly new. 4-52445 LMA12

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SUPERB EARLY DWM BORCHARDT MODEL 1893 SEMI-AUTO PISTOL IN ORIGINAL CASE WITH FULL ACCESSORIES AND FOUR MATCHING MAGAZINES.

Lot 3025: SUPERB EARLY DWM BORCHARDT MODEL 1893 SEMI-AUTO PISTOL IN ORIGINAL CASE WITH FULL ACCESSORIES AND FOUR MATCHING MAGAZINES.

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Description: SN 1919. 7-1/2" Cal. 7.65 mm Borchardt bbl with integral blade front sight and "BUG" proofs on left side. "D.R.P./No75837." on center toggle link. "BUG" proofs on toggle assembly and left side of receiver. "SYSTEM BORCHARDT PATENT. / DEUTSCHE WAFFEN-UND MUNITIONSFABRIKEN. / BERLIN." on right receiver. Checkered walnut grips with border. Numbered parts on gun are matching. Four orig magazines with matching SN, one having a stop after the number (1919.) indicating it to be the original magazine to the gun, those without the stop being the spares. With orig correctly (for DWM) unnumbered shoulder stock with attached holster, unnumbered cheekpiece, sling, dummy wooden magazine/breech cleaning holdopen which contains a 3-pc brass cleaning rod with oiler in the handle, screw driver with two blades, two punches, and brass cleaning rod. Gun, holster/stock and accessories in orig black leather case with nickel plated fittings, brass studs on corners and leather handle. Compartmentalized green felt lined interior. This gun is featured on pp. 133 and 137 of The Borchardt & Luger Automatic Pistols by Joachim Gortz & Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: Excellent. Retaining 98% orig bright blue with light wear on sharp edges. Fire blued parts are bright with minor wear. Orig straw is 90%. Bore is bright and sharp. Grips are excellent with some minor indentations on lower border of left hand grip. Magazines are in near new condition with very little wear. Stock is excellent with very little wear on orig wood finish. Blue on metal parts is bright with light wear on corners. Holster is excellent with solid structure and light surface cracking overall. Attaching straps are cracked and flaking. Fire blued screws look beautiful with almost no wear. Cheeckpiece appears almost new with beautiful finish, bright fire blue and proper patina on brass. Dummy mag is in excellent condition with orig finish on wood and proper patina on brass. Screwdriver has some dents and dings on wood handle and minor wear on blades and punches. Brass rod has little wear with orig patina and a few areas of verdigris. Exterior of case has scuffs, scrapes and a couple cracks on top. Fittings are excellent. Key is missing. Interior felt is very good with a few areas of decay. Stud on small compartment lid is missing. Structure is solid. 4-52099 BWS135

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UNIQUE TRANSITIONAL UNNUMBERED & UNPROOFED FACTORY TRANSITIONAL PROTOTYPE LUDWIG LOEWE/DWM BORCHARDT.

Lot 3026: UNIQUE TRANSITIONAL UNNUMBERED & UNPROOFED FACTORY TRANSITIONAL PROTOTYPE LUDWIG LOEWE/DWM BORCHARDT.

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Description: NSN. 7-1/2" 7.65 mm Cal Borchardt bbl with unique barleycorn front sight. "WAFFENFABRIK/LOEWE/BERLIN" above chamber. "SYSTEM BORCHARDT. PATENT." on right receiver. No other markings, proofs or numbers are visible. Borchardt toggle with toggle lock. Checkered walnut grips with wide border. Proper magazine with no marks or numbers. This gun has a Loewe Barrel/toggle/receiver assembly and DWM frame with simplified DWM machining with no numbers or proofs. Prototype made during transition from the original Loewe batch of ~1000 pistols to new production by DWM ca. 1897/8. The magazine is possibly unique in not having the standard PATENT marking of production magazines stamped into the left body recess. This gun is featured on p. 121, 128 and 137 of The Borchardt & Luger Automatic Pistols by Joachim Gortz & Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: Excellent. Retaining 95% orig bright blue with silvering on sharp edges. Scattered light scratches and fading with light corrosion on grip straps. Retains 40% orig straw on appropriate parts. Bore is bright and sharp. Grips are excellent with light wear and a few minor dings and dents to checkering and borders. Magazine has corrosion on body and minor dents to wood bottom. Mechanics are excellent. 4-52108 BWS134

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OUTSTANDING AND VERY RARE SCHWARTZLOSE M1898 STANDART PISTOL, 8 SHOT LONG GRIP VARIANT.

Lot 3027: OUTSTANDING AND VERY RARE SCHWARTZLOSE M1898 STANDART PISTOL, 8 SHOT LONG GRIP VARIANT.

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Description: SN 202. Despite their antique status, Schwartzlose pistols have the look of a modern gun. Many were reportedly shipped to Russia or were used hard and put away wet. Only a handful remain in pristine, original form. This pistol has a 6.5î bbl with a fixed front sight and a vertically adjustable rear sight whose elevation is adjusted using a serrated and cammed wheel marked 1-5. The rear of the barrel is Crown U proof marked, which is repeated on the left side of the frame and on the upper bolt housing, just behind the rear sight. The serial number 202 is marked on the left side of the frame and repeated on the back of the bolt, on the left side of the trigger (02), on the back of the firing pin (02) and on the bottom of the magazine. The barrel, bolt, frame and magazine are blued. The rear sight and elevating wheel are fire blued, while the trigger, slide release, takedown lever, firing pin and magazine release are brightly polished and in-the-white. Grips are heavily varnished and deeply cut with fine, carefully bordered checkering. Unlike most Schwartzlose pistols that are 6-shot, this is one was made for an 8-shot magazine, one of less than a handful of this variant known. PROVENANCE: Ex-Visser Collection, Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: Schwartzloses are finished with a different, blacker ìblueî than most pistols; similar to the Black Army M1911s but with a better polish. When untouched, the finish is so dark it almost looks like black paint. This gun is one of the few whose finish still has that hue.††There is minimal sharp edge wear and a scattering of faded spotting, largely on the right side of the frame, the frontstrap and backstrap. In all, the gun retains at least 95% of its original bright blue. The same condition applies to all the small parts and the grips that retain virtually all their original varnish and crisp checkering. The magazine still has the vast majority of its blue except for the contact area along the back spine and fading of the floorplate. Perfect bore and perfect mechanics. One of the best long frame Schwartzloses extant. 4-52232 LMA5

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SUPER RARE M1896 SILVERMAN-MAXIM PROTOTYPE PISTOL.

Lot 3028: SUPER RARE M1896 SILVERMAN-MAXIM PROTOTYPE PISTOL.

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Description: NSN. Caliber .455 Webley Mk I Revolver. Although Hiram Maxim is best known as inventor of the machine gun and for his suppressors, he also collaborated with Louis Silverman, his long term assistant and then Superintendent of the Maxim-Nordenfeldt Machine Gun Factory, to make a handful of semiautomatic pistols, patented in 1896 (British Pat 29836/1896), distinguished by their modern, 45∞ angled grip (the first pistol with such an ergonomically angled grip) and extremely simple construction, having only some 16 components. According to the consigner, this gun is just one of three known examples and has a unique .455 Revolver chambering. It has a 7.2î round bbl and a fixed front sight. The fixed rear sight is integral to a sliding cover attached to the bolt, much in the way of the numbered Bergmann pistols. There are no markings or serial number on the gun whose receiver has no gas port to vent gas from split cases, nor the bolt friction retarding spring of other known examples. At the rear is a cocking knob that retracts the bolt and serves as a cocking indicator. The front of the trigger is checkered and the grips are vulcanized rubber with smooth surfaces. The left panel has been milled with four cartridge indicator slots. There is a large lanyard ring at the base of the front strap. The magazine is retained by a spring mounted at the rear of the backstrap. Walls are open to enhance viewing. To facilitate withdrawal, there is a checkered knob on each side of the forward base. PROVENANCE: Collection of Geoffrey Sturgess, ex-Dinely collection, illustr. HBSA Journal Vol 2 No 6, illustr. TBLAP. CONDITION: Excellent original condition. Smooth metal surfaces, that were never blued, are now pleasantly toned with a near uniform patina. Smooth hard rubber grips with minimal handling marks. Tiny chip missing from the top of the right panel. Magazine, largely protected from the elements, shows much less oxidative patina than the pistol. Bright bore with strong rifling and minimal corrosion. Perfect mechanics.††Extraordinarily rare semiautomatic pistol whose historic designer is familiar to every firearms collector.†† 4-52462 LMA7

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BERGMANN M1897 CARBINE, No 5, WITH CORRECT SHOULDER STOCK.

Lot 3029: BERGMANN M1897 CARBINE, No 5, WITH CORRECT SHOULDER STOCK.

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Description: SN 493. Caliber: 7.8mm. Bergmann made approximately 1,000 M1897s. During its production there ensued a number of variations, the carbine subtype being amongst the rarest. Although most M1897s were sold with a leather covered shoulder stock, the true long barrel pistol carbines were equipped with a solid butt stock that attached to the frame using a standard lug. This example has a standard length 13.5'' barrel whose shroud is affixed with a drift adjustable front sight. The rear sight is graded from 1-1000 meters with gradations of 1,3,5,7,9,1000. As is typical for the Bergmann M1897s, a sliding cover is attached to the bolt. The cover is inscribed ìKARABINER BERGMANN, PATENT BREVETE S.G.D.G.î. The left side of the frame is marked with a Crown-U, just above the trigger guard, while the right side of the frame is marked with the serial number 493. Each side of the magazine well is drilled with five visualization holes that are repeated in the body of the magazine whose base is numbered "330". The hammer, trigger, magazine release button/retainer and bbl shroud locking lever are strawed while the safety retainer, safety extractor and hammer interrupter are fired blue. Hard rubber grips are embossed with a scriptic ìBî and finely checkered with a thin border. The unnumbered stock, made from highly figured burl walnut, has an unnumbered lug retained by two screws. As correct for this carbine, sling swivels are mounted under the barrel shroud and on the butt stock. PROVENANCE: Ex R.K. Wilson collection, illustrated in TBLAP. Ex-Visser collection, Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: Approximately 50% original blue with considerable toning and some cold blue touchup. All the strawed parts except the shroud locking lever have been reheated for enhanced color.††The same is true for fire blue on the safety stop and safety. Ill fitting hard rubber grips are likely replacements, albeit made by Bergmann, the left panel having a small chip in the bottom rear corner. Mismatched magazine retains 70% rust blue. Nicely fitting stock has been refinished and the lug serial number, customarily placed on the outer surface on the lower arm, has been removed. Horn butt plate, secured with two screws, showing minimal loss. The bolt return spring is sluggish, requiring an assist for full closure. Mechanics otherwise perfect.††Bright bore with strong rifling and only minimal corrosion. An exceptionally rare Bergmann M1897 that is seldom offered for sale. 4-52047 LMA8

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HIGHLY DESIRABLE BERGMANN M1897 WITH TARGET GRIPS.

Lot 3030: HIGHLY DESIRABLE BERGMANN M1897 WITH TARGET GRIPS.

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Description: SN 96. Bergmann made approximately 1,000 M1897 pistols. This example has a 3" bbl whose shroud is affixed with a drift adjustable front sight. The rear sight is graded from 100-1000 meters with gradations of 1,3,5,7,9,1000. As is typical for the numbered Bergmanns, a sliding cover is attached to the bolt and marked "PISTOLET BERGMANN/ PATENT BREVETE S.G.D.G.". A Crown-U is marked on the left frame and on the back of the bolt while the serial number was applied to the right frame just above the cutout for the trigger guard. The magazine well has five indicator holes as is the corresponding extended magazine whose base is numbered. When manufactured, the hammer, safety stop, trigger, magazine release, and the bbl shroud stop lever were strawed while the extractor, rear sight, and safety were fire blued. Special finely-checkered walnut grips over a black hard vulcanized rubber base that reaches the bottom of the frame. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess, ex-Dinely Collection, Illustrated TBLAP. CONDITION: 95% original rust blue. Comparable condition fire blue on the extractor with fading of the strawed take-down lever. The temper colors on all the other small parts have faded to a gray, excepting the rear sight whose oxidation and discoloration suggests replacement. Comparable condition grips with blunted checkering and scattered dings. No splits or losses. Bright, mirror bore with sharp rifling and minimal erosion. Although the bolt return spring is sluggish, the rest of the mechanics are perfect. 4-52211 LMA19

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OUTSTANDING BERGMANN M1896, NUMBER 3, WITH RARE SHOULDER STOCK.

Lot 3031: OUTSTANDING BERGMANN M1896, NUMBER 3, WITH RARE SHOULDER STOCK.

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Description: SN 2805. Caliber 6.5mm Bergmann. This is a late example of a M1896 #3 semiautomatic pistol as produced by V C Schilling for the Bergmann company with extractor and a contoured backstrap. Chambered for the 6.5mm Bergmann grooved cartridge. Theodor Bergman was an early pioneer in the development of European semiautomatic pistols in the late early 1890s and early 1900s. His early models were of distinctive design and had a silhouette that would never be confused with a competitor. Loading was accomplished by rotating down the magazine sideplate and inserting a tin-plate charger of cartridges from the side. This particular pistol has a 4.5" bbl, a dovetailed front sight and a fixed rear sight integral to the bolt that is affixed to a sliding cover over the ejection port. The screw-in bbl is marked 278 (bore caliber) on the left side. Adjacent to this number is the Crown U marking that is repeated on the left side of the chamber. The left receiver, with long flutes and a contoured grip, is marked "Patent Brevete S.G.D.G.". The serial number 2805 appears on the right side of the receiver, just below the flute. In the center of the sideplate is the Bergmann factory logo featuring a miner surmounted by the words "Gaggenau" and over V.C.S. Suhl. In this case, V.C.S. were the initials for V. Charles Schilling, who made the pistols for Bergmann and Suhl, which was the location. Attached to the sideplate is a rare example of an open staple used to secure a shoulder stock lug. Walnut grips are finely checkered without a border and without a logo. Accompanying this pistol is an extremely scarce, orig leather covered shoulder stock whose studded flap is secured by a single strap. A spare charger pouch is on the front of the stock and a brass cleaning rod is retained in an open compartment along the spine. A spring loaded plunger allows the lug to slip through and secure the sideplate staple. There are no markings on either the leather or lug. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess, Ex-Visser Collection. CONDITION: Bright 98+% original rust blue finish with minimal frosting of the backstrap. The hammer and trigger retain 80-90% of their original straw and the safety has at least 90% original fire blue. Excellent original grips with the left panel missing a small chip at the upper corner. Bright bore with strong rifling. Perfect mechanics. The shoulder stock shows considerable wear and crazing with stitch separation. The front face of the charger pocket has completely separated from its base and its leather border is retained by less than 50% of the orig stitching. Moderate losses and tears involve the lid strap and a small collar is missing from the base of the stock lug that is mechanically perfect. Orig cleaning rod is covered by considerable vertigris. An unusually nice Bergmann, particularly attractive with the rarely encountered and highly desirable shoulder stock.   4-52045 LMA121

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SCARCE BERGMANN M1896, NUMBER 4, CALIBER 8mm BERGMANN.

Lot 3032: SCARCE BERGMANN M1896, NUMBER 4, CALIBER 8mm BERGMANN.

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Description: SN 2761. Caliber 8mm Bergmann. This is an unusual M1896 #4 semiautomatic pistol as produced by V C Shilling for the Bergmann company with extractor and contoured backstrap. Theodor Bergman was an early pioneer in the development of European semiautomatic pistols in the late 1890s and early 1900s. His early models were of distinctive design and had a silhouette that would never be confused with a competitor. Loading was accomplished by rotating down the magazine sideplate and inserting a strip charger of cartridges from the side. This pistol has a 4 3/8" bbl, a dovetailed front sight and a fixed rear sight integral to the bolt that is affixed to a sliding cover over the ejection port. The screwed in bbl is marked 156/14 (bore caliber) on the left side. Adjacent to this number is the Crown U proof marking that is repeated on the left side of the chamber. The left receiver, with long flutes, is marked "Patent Brevete S.G.D.G.". The serial number 2761 appears on the right side of the receiver, just below the flute. In the center of the sideplate is the Bergmann factory logo featuring a miner surmounted by the words "Gaggenau" and over V.C.S. Suhl. In this case, V.C.S. was the initials for V. Charles Schilling, who made the pistols for Bergmann and Suhl, which was the location. Walnut grips are finely checkered without a border and without a logo. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: Original finish, estimated at 70-80%, with most fading around the barrel and front and backstraps that have largely mellowed to a pleasant patina. Hammer, trigger and safety stop are all original with fading straw ranging from 25-50%. Comparable condition fire blue on safety lever. Original grips, oil darkened, with blunted checkering but no chips or losses. Dull bore with shallow rifling and oxidative etching. Perfect mechanics. Production of the M1896 No.4 is usually estimated at 200 pistols, clearly one of the rarer Bergmann pistols. 4-52208 LMA4

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BERGMANN M1896, NUMBER 3, NICKEL FINISH.

Lot 3033: BERGMANN M1896, NUMBER 3, NICKEL FINISH.

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Description: SN 3072. This is a late example of a M1896 #3 semiautomatic pistol as produced for the Bergmann company with extractor and contoured backstrap. Chambered for the 6.5mm Bergmann grooved cartridge. Theodor Bergman was an early pioneer in the development of European semiautomatic pistols in the late 1890s and early 1900s. His early models were of distinctive design and had a silhouette that would never be confused with a competitor. All of the Number 2s, 3s, and 4s, had an integral magazine that was loaded by rotating down the magazine sideplate and inserting a strip of cartridges from the side. This particular pistol has a 4.5" bbl, a dovetailed front sight and a fixed rear sight integral to the bolt that is afixed to a sliding cover over the ejection port. The lugged bbl is bore gauge marked 278 on the left side. Adjacent to this number is the Crown U proof marking that is repeated on the left side of the chamber. The left receiver, with short flutes and a contoured grip, is marked "Patent Brevete S.G.D.G.". The serial number 3072 appears on the right side of the receiver, just below the flute. In the center of the sideplate is the Bergmann factory logo featuring a miner surmounted by the words "Gaggenau" and over V.C.S. Suhl. V.C.S. were the initials for V. Charles Schilling, who made the pistols for Bergmann in Suhl, which was their location. Matching walnut grips are finely checkered without a border and without a logo. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: Factory original special order nickel plated finish. While there was only minimal buffing to prepare for plating, the Crown/U markings are only faintly discernible. Internal parts show no such polishing, the nickel being applied to the fresh machined components without further preparation. The Bergmann logo remains very sharply struck.  Early peeling on front and back strap. Original straw on hammer (90%) and trigger (30%). Original fire blue on safety (90%). Dull bore with very shallow rifling and moderate corrosion. Mechanically perfect. 4-52206 LMA23

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VERY EARLY EXPERIMENTAL MAUSER STEP-BARREL CONEHAMMER C96 CARBINE FROM KING FAROUK OF EGYPT'S COLLECTION.

Lot 3034: VERY EARLY EXPERIMENTAL MAUSER STEP-BARREL CONEHAMMER C96 CARBINE FROM KING FAROUK OF EGYPT'S COLLECTION.

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Description: NSN. Extraordinary experimental C96 carbine, unmarked, unnumbered and in-the-white, whose generally oversized dimensions differ in every respect from production guns. This example has a 19.5î bbl, proofed on the lower surface, with a fixed front sight and a graduated but unmarked rear sight whose height is adjustable by a cursor, centrally recessed to expose the center of the sight bar. Curiously, the sight bar markings are repeated on the lower surface of the bar. As found in a number of experimental carbines, the chamber is round, rather than octagonal, and measures 1î in length. Barrel extension rib is solid and the firing fin is secured by a separate strawed retainer. The subframe assembly is 1/2î longer than usual with a different milling pattern that has no recesses in its rearmost portion. The safety, of later form, has a solid head. Corresponding to the enlarged subframe dimensions, the transfer bar is longer than usual, the sear is more acutely angled with a broader engagement surface, and the two-lug locking block is correspondingly more robust. Even the hammer is different, having an usually broad shaft. These components are all housed in a long, flatside frame whose length is 6.75î (corresponding dimension on a standard gun is 5 5/8î) and interdigitates with the floorplate as per a standard pistol. The magazine follower is longer than usual and the follower spring more robust. The carbine attaches to the stock via a squared lug measuring 2.5î (H) x 2 5/8î (V) and is secured by a spring loaded plunger button whose checkered head protrudes from the left side. Two screws, one on each side, attach the lug to the hollowed stock, made from two pieces of walnut-stained birch, whose lid hinges on the left side. There is no provision for a tensioning spring inside the lid that snaps closed securely. Due to wood swelling, the carbine cannot enter the stock sufficiently to allow lid closure. This was a ballistic test gun, firing data for the longer cartridge with a 1.5 gm load (cf standard C96 load of 0.5 gm) being given in Wille, ìMauser Selbstaladerî, Versuch 8, 1896. Chamber casting shows the cartridge case, which is otherwise unknown, to have been 44 mm long, with straight tapered body and minimal shoulder. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess, ex-Visser collection, ex-Fred Datig, ex-King Farouk of Egypt's collection. illustr. Schroeder, ìSystem Mauserî p181, TBLAP.†† CONDITION: The Carbine is all in-the-white (except for the strawed firing pin retainer) and remains as bright, lightly cleaned metal, with sharp edges, expected machine tool marks and only minimal staining.††The same holds true for the stock lug, hinge and other stock fixtures. The wood is a replacement made by the Mauserwerke in the 1960s for Henk Visser when he was their sales director and owned the gun, being birch rather than walnut, and made from two pieces. Bright, mirror-like bore with strong rifling. Perfect fit of carbine to stock lug and perfect mechanics. A truly extraordinary, one-of-a kind Conehammer carbine whose rarity and charisma would be the pride of any collector.†† 4-52078 LMA14

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EXTRAORDINARY LONDON RETAILER CASED MAUSER C96

Lot 3035: EXTRAORDINARY LONDON RETAILER CASED MAUSER C96 "SYSTEM MAUSER" STEP BARREL, MATCHING STOCK.

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Description: Please Note (3/7/14): The caliber is 7.63 Mauser not mentioned in the catalog. SN 189. Mauser made fewer than 200 step barrel C96s with most numbered in the serial range 1-200. This 10 shot example has a 5.5î barrel with a fixed front sight and a pinned 1-10 rear sight. ìSystem Mauserî is hand inscribed over the chamber that has been struck with a large Crown/U proof on the left side. Externally the serial number is repeated on the firing pin retainer and in large hand inscribed numerals on the backstrap over the stock slot. The extractor, bolt stop, cursor/rear sight, firing pin retainer, safety and grip screw are fire blued. The trigger is strawed while the hammer and subframe are gray case hardened. Extensive disassembly shows all matching parts including the grips. This gun has several unusual features. Unlike other System Mauser pistols that have an open rear recess on the left side of the frame, this gun has the raised island typical of later guns. Another unusual feature relates to the grips. Most step barrel guns have checkered grips. As production shifted to the tapered chamber, Mauser changed the grips to serrated panels, whereby the serrations were perpendicular to the grip axis. The serrations on these grips, unquestionably factory original, angle upward to parallel the barrel axis. The matching stock has a unique long neck and lug, unique to the early guns, that has a narrower-than-usual upper arm and a broader-than-usual lower arm. The matching number is hand inscribed on the fire blued lid hinge. A transitional feature relates to the lid release. The earliest step barrel guns were sold with a reverse opening stock whose lid latch incorporated only a narrow button. The button on this stock has the fuller, checkered form as subsequently became standard. The gun, stock and original Putzstock come in a full leather bound oak presentation case lined in red felt with Cogswell and Harrison London trade label on inner lid, compartmentalized for ammo boxes (not present) and an early developmental ìfatî Putzstock. Case lid embossed in black ìF.R.Sî, the original owner being Frederick Richard Simms, 1863 ñ 1944, British engineer, founder of the UK Daimler Motor Syndicate, collaborator with Gottlieb Daimler in early motor car development, founder of UK Royal Automobile Club, designer of first armoured ìcarî, the Motor Scout, an 1899 DeDion quadricycle mounting a Maxim gum with armour shield, etc. etc. PROVENANCE: F. R. Simms family, Sotheby's, London sale Dec 1988, Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: Stunning 99% bright original blue with negligible loss along the leading edge of the floorplate and on the backstrap where in contact with the stock lug. Same extraordinary condition applies to the fire blued small parts and strawed trigger. Numbered grips (both penciled and stamped-standard for these guns) retain virtually all the original varnish with minor handling marks. Perfect bore and mechanics. Exceptionally nice and all original and matching stock, no staining, cracks or losses, with vivid fire blued lug and hinge.††Crisp case shows only minimal internal staining and few external dings. This British cased set is undoubtedly the best stepped barrel System Mauser rig in existence, an antique whose attraction and unique provenance should transcend the gun collecting community.†† 4-52102 LMA136

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HIGHLY CHARISMATIC MAUSER 20-SHOT CONEHAMMER WITH MATCHING STOCK.

Lot 3036: HIGHLY CHARISMATIC MAUSER 20-SHOT CONEHAMMER WITH MATCHING STOCK.

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Description: SN 748. Caliber 7.63mm. One of just a handful of early 20-shot Conehammer pistols, with a non-reinforced barrel extension, in a very well established and narrow serial range clustered around 74X. This gun has a 5.5" bbl and a pinned 1-10 rear sight. Usual Mauser address on the chamber. Crown U mark on the left side of the bbl extension and an antler proof on the right. The only marking on the frame is the serial number on the backstrap just below the locking lever. Standard Conehammer features include a bolt with a long extractor and an independently secured firing pin. Detailed disassembly shows all matching numbers (including the firing pin) and grips with peanut-recesses, each marked with the full serial number of the gun along with an ìHî inspector marking. Broken lanyard ring. Accompanied by an original stock with a matching lug that has the original narrow plunger. PROVENANCE: Ex- Visser Collection, Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: Untouched Mauser 20-shot with approximately 95% original blue beginning to tone, particularly on the front and back strap. Comparable aging involves the fire-blued parts, the hammer, and trigger. Generally bright bore; strong rifling with mild oxidative loss. Original grips with well delineated serrations whose wear is commensurate with the balance of the gun. Original shoulder stock whose left side has been relieved to improve accessibility. Body has two hairline cracks along spine: one measures 5-1/2", the other (repaired) measures 4". Orig lug with appropriate toning is correctly numbered 748 on the front face. Comparable discoloration of lid hinge, no suggestion of any touchup or enhancement. An all-matching 20-shot rig, one of the earliest and most desirable ensembles assembled by Mauser. 4-52079 LMA137

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MAUSER C96, CONEHAMMER WITH AMERICAN EAGLE MARKING, STOCK, CASE.

Lot 3037: MAUSER C96, CONEHAMMER WITH AMERICAN EAGLE MARKING, STOCK, CASE.

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Description: SN 2364. Cal. 7.63mm. Early Conehammer with 5-1/2" bbl and pinned 1-10 rear sight. Standard chamber address with Crown U mark on left side of the bbl extension. Antler proof on the right side. A factory applied American eagle, identical to the American eagle applied to the chambers of Parabellum pistols, is on the raised island on the left side of the frame. Only a few other C96s have been noted with this marking. Disassembly shows all matching numbers including the rear sight assembly, bolt stop, firing pin retainer, bolt, firing pin, subframe and associated components, locking block, bbl extension, trigger, follower, floorplate and each grip panel. Accompanied by an impressive wooden case whose escutcheon inlaid lid is lined in silk marked "WAFFENFABRIK MAUSER/Aktiengesellschaft/OBERNDORF/a. Neckar/(Deutsches Reich)." The base of the case is partitioned for the pistol, stock, and accessories. The Conehammer stock has a lid with a single notch for the safety and an unnumbered lug. Included in the case is an original Putzstock. There are no ammo boxes nor is there a spare follower spring. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: 95% blue with slight fading of bbl, magazine well, and front and backstrap. Orig, comparable condition, fire blue on the small parts and oxidative freckling on the trigger. Grips with much orig varnish and deep serrations with a scattering of dings. No chips or losses. Bore with shallow rifling and moderate oxidative loss. Perfect mechanics. The Conehammer stock has a crack along the upper ridge that has been neatly repaired. Surface discoloration and a series of holes reflect a previous encircling band. The hinge with lanyard loop has largely transitioned to a patina as has the unnumbered lug. Factory orig Putzstock with grip retaining most orig varnish and numerous surface dings. Mild patina on exposed metal surfaces. 4-52172 LMA105

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RARE C96, SYSTEM MAUSER, TAPERED BARREL, FIXED SIGHT.

Lot 3038: RARE C96, SYSTEM MAUSER, TAPERED BARREL, FIXED SIGHT.

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Description: SN 275. Caliber 7.63mm. Mauser made about 200 System Mauser guns, with a tapered bbl. This example has a 4.75" bbl, a fixed rear sight and a thin front and back strap. One of the first C96s to have grooved rails and hollowed grips. "System Mauser" is hand scribed engraved on top of the chamber. Large Crown/U on the left side of the chamber flat; no markings on the right side. The frame is externally devoid of markings. Backstrap is thin, never having been slotted for a shoulder stock. Disassembly shows all components numbered 275, including the firing pin and grips whose markings are entirely original. Bright bore with sharply defined rifling and minimal oxidation from corrosive ammunition. Perfect mechanics. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: 60% original condition with general fading, particularly on the left side of the pistol. Comparable condition fire blue on extractor and firing pin retainer. Appropriate oxidative etching on hammer, trigger, grip screw, and lanyard ring. A very rare, all-matching System Mauser whose unique features would make it special to any collection. 4-53004 LMA16

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VERY RARE MAUSER C96, LATE STEP BARREL CONEHAMMER, STANDARD ADDRESS.

Lot 3039: VERY RARE MAUSER C96, LATE STEP BARREL CONEHAMMER, STANDARD ADDRESS.

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Description: SN 443. Cal. 7.63mm. Step bbl Conehammer with 5.5" bbl, fixed front sight and pinned 1-10 rear sight. Unlike most step bbl pistols, this one has a stamped 3-line address "WAFFENFABRIK MAUSER OBERNDORF A/N" on the chamber. Large Crown/U mark on the left side of the bbl extension. Early frame with a large open island on left rear panel, rounded frontstrap, and large hand inscribed SN over the stock slot. Long extractor and early firing pin with separate retainer. Lanyard extension and ring removed. Serrated wood grips. Matching SNs on bbl extension, sight assembly, bolt, firing pin retainer, components of subframe assembly, trigger, locking block, follower and floorplate. Unnumbered firing pin a likely replacement. Frozen screw did not permit removal of grip panels. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: Original blue, estimated at 10-20%, has largely toned to a mellow brown patina with superficial erosion, particularly above the grip panels and on the front and backstrap. 80% freshened fire blue on extractor; the fire blue on most other components has transitioned to a grey/brown, as has the trigger. Orig grips with dark oil staining and scattered dings, no chips or losses. Bore with very shallow rifling and etched oxidation. Mechanically perfect. One of very few step bbl Conehammers, assembled at a later date, with standard chamber marking. 4-53006 LMA101

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MAUSER C96, SYSTEM MAUSER, 6-SHOT WITH FIXED SIGHT AND NO STOCK SLOT.

Lot 3040: MAUSER C96, SYSTEM MAUSER, 6-SHOT WITH FIXED SIGHT AND NO STOCK SLOT.

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Description: SN 264. Cal. 7.63mm. Very scarce System Mauser with tapered chamber, 4-5/8" bbl with fixed front and rear sight. 6-shot frame with a narrow backstrap that was never slotted for a shoulder stock. "SYSTEM MAUSER" on top of chamber. No other external markings. The rear sight has been welded, recontoured and renotched. The bolt of this reblued pistol is missing the long extractor. Bolt stop, firing pin retainer and firing pin are replacements. All small parts, even including the hammer, subframe and trigger, are salt blued. Disassembly shows matching bbl extension, locking block, subframe and all associated components, follower, floorplate, trigger and both grip panels that are also "B" inspector marked. No lanyard ring. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: 90-95% salt blue over buffed surfaces. Oxidative etching remains in frame recesses. Considerable thinning of front and backstraps that are now largely grey. Expected wear to orig grip panels whose serrations are shallow. Bore with strong rifling amidst moderate corrosion. Perfect mechanics. 4-53005 LMA102

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MAUSER C96 CONEHAMMER, TEN SHOT, LATE REWORK.

Lot 3040A: MAUSER C96 CONEHAMMER, TEN SHOT, LATE REWORK.

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Description: SN 7059. Caliber 7.63mm. Very few Conehammers were reworked by Mauser in the 1930s. This gun has a 5.5 inch barrel and a pinned 50-500 rear sight. Standard chamber address with Crown/U mark on the left side of the barrel extension; antler proof on the right side. Unusual in having solid rails as usually found on the late M1930 Commercials. The full serial number is externally repeated on the rear sight bar, the sight cursor, the firing pin retainer, the back of the hammer, and the back of the frame just below the locking lever. Extensive disassembly shows all matching parts including the firing pin, all small subframe components (except unnumbered sear-that is correct) locking block, follower, floorplate, and grips. Lanyard ring. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: 98% bright salt blue with minimal sharp edge and high point wear. Flat surface planes and sharp edges as to be expected from a factory rework. Non-factory fire blue on the extractor and bolt stop. All other fire blued parts retain their original finish with wear appropriate to an 80-90% pistol. Bright, in the white trigger and grayed case-hardened hammer. Original grips have been revarnished. Dull bore with shallow rifling amidst moderate oxidation. Perfect mechanics. A very unusual Conehammer rework. 4-53008 LMA18

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MAUSER C96 LARGE RING FLATSIDE CUTAWAY, SN 1.

Lot 3040B: MAUSER C96 LARGE RING FLATSIDE CUTAWAY, SN 1.

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Description: SN 1. Cal. 7.63mm. Factory Flatside Cutaway with 5-1/2" bbl, having fixed front sight and slip-in 1-10 rear sight. Long extractor (missing) and single lug firing pin. Standard chamber markings and inspector markings under bbl. No Crown U marking or antler proof on bbl extension. SN 1 on sight bar, cursor, bolt stop, bolt, firing pin, hammer, subframe components including transfer bar and sear, floorplate, magazine follower and frame. Orig fire blue on small parts except trigger that is correctly strawed. No grips. Lanyard ring present. The bbl extension and frame have been generously cut away to show all functioning components. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: 95-97% orig blue with thinning on bbl and a few small spots of erosion on the right side. Comparable condition fire blued and strawed parts. Lanyard ring with slight separation. Mirror bore with sharp rifling and no discernible erosion. Perfect mechanics. Orig finish coupled with absent bbl extension markings support this C96 as being a factory Cutaway, possibly assembled as a demonstration unit in concert with the Italian Navy contract. One of very few factory C96 Cutaways. 4-53289 LMA125

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*◊ MAUSER C96 LARGE RING PATENT MODEL FLATSIDE #296.

Lot 3040C: *◊ MAUSER C96 LARGE RING PATENT MODEL FLATSIDE #296.

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Description: SN 296. Cal. 7.63mm. Very scarce Patent model Flatside with 5-1/2" bbl and slip-in 50-1000 rear sight. Usual chamber address. Large Crown U on the left side of the bbl extension; antler proof on the right. Long extractor, separately retained firing pin, and earliest type safety. The left side of the frame is marked in large, hand inscribed letters "WAFFENFABRIK MAUSER/OBERNDORF A/NECKAR/PATENT. MOD. 1900." Fire blued small parts except strawed trigger. Disassembly shows all matching components (excepting grips) with the full or partial SN having been applied to the sight assembly, bolt stop, bolt, firing pin retainer, firing pin, the subframe and associated components, locking block, follower and floorplate. Replaced grips (left panel #488; right panel #418) have been revarnished and the grip screw has been retreated to a bright fire blue. No lanyard ring. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: 80-90% orig blue with fading and areas of early patina, particularly on front and backstrap. Comparable condition fire blued small parts and strawed trigger. 60% of the revarnish remains on the grips that show scattered dings and some superficial losses.††No cracks. Dull bore with easily discernible rifling and moderate oxidation in grooves. Perfect mechanics. 4-53014 LMA111

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*? SCARCE MAUSER C96, PRE-WAR LARGE RING BOLO WITH FLORAL GRIPS AND MATCHING STOCK.

Lot 3040D: *? SCARCE MAUSER C96, PRE-WAR LARGE RING BOLO WITH FLORAL GRIPS AND MATCHING STOCK.

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Description: Please Note (3/7/14): The caliber is 30 Mauser not mentioned in the catalog. SN 29300. Pre-war Large Ring Bolo with 4" bbl, having fixed sight and slip-in 50-1000 rear sight. Bolt with long extractor and single lug firing pin. Usual address on top of chamber, Full SN on left chamber flat. Crown U marking on left side of bbl extension; antler proof on right side. Frame with standard 2-line address on right side. Small parts fire blued except trigger that is strawed. Hard rubber floral grips. Disassembly shows all matching numbers including the bbl extension, sight bar, bolt, bolt stop, hammer, subframe and associated components, frame, locking block, floorplate, follower and grip panels (hand inscribed with a "K" and the full SN). Lanyard ring present. Accompanied by orig factory matching stock. Exact pistol was mentioned in the Wesley Richards Register, page 70, copy provided by consignor, that shows this pistol as having been received on May 25, 1901 and sold to the Army and Navy Society on June 14, 1901. An exceptional Large Ring Pre-war Bolo rig with well documented provenance. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess, Ex-Dinely Collection. CONDITION: 98-99% bright factory orig rust blue with congealed oil in the recesses around the bolt stop. Minor freckling on frontstrap. Wear on backstrap corresponds to stock attachment. Orig fire blue on extractor, cursor and bolt stop with freckled oxidative loss bringing condition to 90-93%. Comparable condition straw on trigger. Hard rubber grips with negligible handling wear. Mirror bright bore with sharp rifling. Perfect mechanics. Matching stock with most orig varnish and mildewed spotting. Single 3-1/2" hairline crack extends along the lower spine. Hinge with lanyard loop has 80-90% orig temper blue with moderate oxidative spotting. Comparable condition lug whose upper arm is covered with congealed oil, likely responsible for much of the brown toning. 4-52082 LMA126

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*◊ MAUSER C96, LARGE RING SHALLOW MILLED.

Lot 3040E: *◊ MAUSER C96, LARGE RING SHALLOW MILLED.

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Description: SN 32512. Cal. 7.63mm. Standard large ring shallow milled C96 with 5-1/2" bbl and pinned 50-1000 rear sight. Usual chamber address with the full SN on the left chamber flat. Small Crown-U marking on the left side of the bbl extension; antler proof on the right side. 2-line "WAFFENFABRIK MAUSER/OBERNDORF A NECKAR" on the right side of frame. Small parts fire blued excepting a strawed trigger. Serrated wood panels. Lanyard ring present. Disassembly shows the gun to be fully matching, including the follower, floorplate, firing pin, subframe components, locking block and each of the orig and fully numbered grip panels. PROVENANCE: Exact pistol was recorded in the Wesley Richards Register page 86, copy provided by consignor, that shows this pistol as having been received on January 28, 1903 and sold to S. Hadland. Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: 50-60% orig blue with moderate wear and patina involving most of the magazine well and front and backstrap. 50% fire blue on the extractor, cursor and bolt stop. Comparable condition straw on trigger. Grips retain 30% orig varnish with staining and scattered dings. No chips or losses. Orig lanyard ring. Bore with shallow rifling and extensive oxidative freckling. Perfect mechanics. 4-52132 LMA104

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*◊ MAUSER C96, EARLY SMALL RING WITH LONG EXTRACTOR, 9MM EXPORT.

Lot 3041: *◊ MAUSER C96, EARLY SMALL RING WITH LONG EXTRACTOR, 9MM EXPORT.

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Description: SN 50001. Cal. 9mm Export. Early Small Ring C96 with 5-1/2" bbl and slip in 50-1000 rear sight. No chamber marking as noted on several other closely serialed C96s. Full SN on left chamber flat. Crown U marking on left side of bbl extension; no marking on the right side. Frame with standard 2-line legend on the right side. Bolt has a long extractor but the later 2-lug firing pin. Fire blued small parts with strawed trigger. Wood grips with fine grooves. Lanyard ring present. Disassembly shows all matching numbers (except the grips) including the rear sight, firing pin, bolt stop, hammer, subframe and associated components, locking block, follower and floorplate. Each grip panel is numbered "557". PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess, Ex-Visser Collection. CONDITION: 90-95% orig blue, uniform wear, with scattered dings and small oxidative patches. Front strap has largely mellowed to a patina. Extractor has 40% orig fire blue, the rest having transitioned to a grey. 95% orig fire blue on the rear sight assembly, bolt stop and safety. Comparable orig straw on trigger. Well fitting but dark grips with faint superficial dings and a few losses. Bore is mirror bright with strong rifling. Perfect mechanics. 4-53023 LMA106

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*◊ SCARCE MAUSER C96, PRE-WAR COMMERCIAL, FRENCH RETAILER MARKING, MATCHING STOCK.

Lot 3042: *◊ SCARCE MAUSER C96, PRE-WAR COMMERCIAL, FRENCH RETAILER MARKING, MATCHING STOCK.

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Description: SN 81379. Cal. 7.63mm. Standard Mauser Pre-War Commercial with 5-1/2" bbl and slip in 50-1000 rear sight. Usual address on top of chamber. Full SN on left chamber flat. Small Crown U on left side of bbl extension; no marking on the right side. The top of the bbl is retailer marked "Manufacture Francaise d'Armes & Cycles de Saint-Etienne." Standard 2-Line Mauser legend on the right side of the frame. Fire blued small parts excepting strawed trigger. Disassembly shows all matching numbers or blank inspected parts as correct for the variation. Matching numbers include the bbl extension, bolt, bolt stop, hammer, subframe and associated components, frame, locking block, floorplate and grips. No lanyard ring. Finely serrated wood panels. Accompanied by orig, factory matching stock. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: 90% orig blue with some careful touch up of the bbl. Faint scattered oxidative flecking on both sides of the frame with more advanced patina involving the front and back straps. Small parts with near excellent orig fire blue and straw. Grips retain much of their orig varnish with a scattering of superficial dings and negligible losses. Dull bore with easily discernible rifling amidst moderate corrosion. Perfect mechanics. Stock retains most of its orig varnish with a scattering of light handling marks. No cracks or chips. Hinge with lanyard is speckled with oxidation, retaining 50-60% original fire blue. The same toning involves the matching lug whose upper arm has transitioned to a uniform brown. 4-52133 LMA108

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*◊ OUTSTANDING MAUSER C96, EARLY M1930 COMMERCIAL WITH NARROW FRONTSTRAP, UNIVERSAL SAFETY, CORRECT STOCK.

Lot 3043: *◊ OUTSTANDING MAUSER C96, EARLY M1930 COMMERCIAL WITH NARROW FRONTSTRAP, UNIVERSAL SAFETY, CORRECT STOCK.

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Description: SN 800182. Cal. 7.63mm. Early M1930 Commercial with purple toned 5-1/4" bbl, having a fixed front sight and slip-in 50-1000 rear sight. Usual chamber markings. Crown U on the left chamber flat. The full SN is on the left side of the bbl extension. The back of the hammer and subframe are unmarked while the back of the frame is only inspector-marked. This pistol, that has a thin frontstrap, was one of the first to have a universal safety. The left side of the frame was marked with a broad Mauser banner. The last three digits of the SN are used to match the sight bar, bolt, floorplate, subframe, locking block and forward frame. The follower and subframe components are unnumbered as is correct for this variation. Small parts are fire blued except the salt blued universal safety. Orig and broadly serrated 12 groove wooden grips are unnumbered. Accompanied by an orig unnumbered M1930 Commercial Mauser banner stock. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: Bright 99% orig salt blue, with only minimal high point wear, and a purple toned bbl extension as correct for the earliest M1930 Commercials. Comparable condition fire blued small parts. Wood grips retain virtually all their orig varnish with only a few minor dings. Mirror bright bore with strong rifling and no discernible erosion. Perfect manual operation. Correct stock is in nearly the same condition retaining most orig varnish and having only a few light scattered dings. 85% orig fire blue on hinge with lanyard ring; comparable condition unnumbered lug with rounded shoulders as correct for an early M1930 Commercial pistol. 4-52131 LMA117

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*◊ OUTSTANDING MAUSER C96, EARLY M1930 COMMERCIAL WITH MAUSER BANNER STOCK.

Lot 3045: *◊ OUTSTANDING MAUSER C96, EARLY M1930 COMMERCIAL WITH MAUSER BANNER STOCK.

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Description: SN 736452. Cal. 7.63mm. Early M1930 Commercial with purple toned 5-1/4" bbl, having a fixed front sight and slip-in 50-1000 rear sight. Usual chamber markings. Crown U on the left chamber flat. The full SN is on the left side of the bbl extension and repeated on the subframe and back of the frame that has a broad Mauser banner logo on the left side and a narrow frontstrap. The last three digits of the SN are used to match the sight bar, bolt, and the back of the "NS" marked hammer. Small parts are fire blued with the safety having a solid head. Orig and broadly serrated 12 groove wooden grips. Congealed grease precludes convenient disassembly. Correct Mauser Banner stock w/ lug #918. Orig M1930 Commercial Mauser Banner stock, lug #918. PROVENANCE: Collection of Dr. Geoffrey Sturgess. CONDITION: Near new orig condition, with only minimal high point wear, and a purple toned bbl extension as correct for the earliest M1930 Commercials. Comparable condition fire blued small parts. Wood grips retain virtually all their orig varnish with only a few minor dings. Mirror bright bore with strong rifling and no discernible erosion. Perfect manual operation. Stock is excellent w/ 60% fire blue on hinge and lug. Excellent M1930 Commercial stock, a few scattered dings but no cracks, with fading fire blue on hinge and lug. 4-53033 LMA116

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