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Auction Description for Dreweatts: Fine Clocks, Barometers and Scientific Instruments
Viewing Notes:
Friday 22nd August 2014 9am to 4.30pm. Sunday 24th August 10am to 2pm. Monday 25th August 2014 10am to 2pm. Tuesday 26th August 2014 9am to 5.30pm. Wednesday 27th August 2014 9am to 5.30pm. Day of sale from 8.30am.
Sale Notes:
www.invaluable.com/dreweatts1759

Fine Clocks, Barometers and Scientific Instruments

by Dreweatts & Bloomsbury


135 lots with images

August 28, 2014

Live Auction

Donnington Priory

Donnington

Newbury, RG14 2JE United Kingdom

Phone: +44 (0)1635 553553

Fax: +44 (0)1635 553599

Email: donnington@dnfa.com

135 Lots
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A lacquered and patinated brass monocular

Lot 1: A lacquered and patinated brass monocular

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Description: A lacquered and patinated brass monocular microscope, J. Swift and Son, London, late 19th century, The lacquered brass body tube with rack and pinion coarse and fine top-screw focus adjustment and twin lens nosepiece fitted to the complex patinated brass limb above square U-shaped stage with sub-stage condensor incorporating iris diaphragm and pivoted plano-concave mirror to underside, mounted via a hinge joint onto quadrapod base incorporating upward pivoting rear supports for storage engraved J. SWIFT & SON, LONDON, PATENT 24960 to upper edge, height 30cm (12ins) approx; with original mahogany box fitted with various accessories including two objective canisters, two alternative substage lens assemblies and an external light magnification lens with stand, the box 31cm, (12.25ins) high. The firm of J. Swift and Son was founded in 1853 by John Powell Swift, his son, Mansell James, joined the company in 1884. J. Swift and Son supplied microscopes for Captain Scott's 1901-4 expedition to the Antarctic on the R.R.S. Discovery. The business continued under the management of subsequent generations before being merged with E.R. Watts and Son in 1946 and was bought-out by John H. Bassett in 1968.

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A lacquered and patinated brass polarizing

Lot 2: A lacquered and patinated brass polarizing

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Description: A lacquered and patinated brass polarizing monocular microscope, J. Swift and Son, London, circa 1900, The lacquered brass body tube with rack and pinion coarse and fine top-screw focus adjustment and twin prism slides fitted to the complex patinated brass limb above circular rotating black opaque glass inset stage divided for degrees to the outer edge, with sub-stage condensor incorporating prism and pivoted plano-concave mirror to underside, mounted via a hinge joint onto tripod base incorporating looped rear support engraved J. SWIFT & SON, 81 TOTTENHAM COURT RD, LONDON to upper edge, height 34.5cm (13.5ins) approx; with original mahogany box fitted with some accessories, the box 36cm, (14.25ins) high. The firm of J. Swift and Son was founded in 1853 by John Powell Swift, his son, Mansell James, joined the company in 1884. J. Swift and Son supplied microscopes for Captain Scott's 1901-4 expedition to the Antarctic on the R.R.S. Discovery. The business continued under the management of subsequent generations before being merged with E.R. Watts and Son in 1946 and was bought-out by John H. Bassett in 1968.

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A fine Regency lacquered brass 'universal' pattern

Lot 3: A fine Regency lacquered brass 'universal' pattern

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Description: A fine Regency lacquered brass 'universal' pattern compound microscope, William and Samuel Jones, London, early 19th century, The moulded sighting tube with knurled edges to the threaded sections and screw-fitted at the objective end to a pivoted arm attached to the top of the square section limb upright over rectangular eared stage secured via collar with screw for fine up/down focus adjustment and with x and y object positioning screws, beneath the stage and fitted to the same rectangular section limb upright is a condensor lens mounted on a cranked bracket over a pivoted plano-concave mirror, the assembly supported via a rotating hinge joint onto a column turned upright issuing three folding horizontal supports with angled feet, one signed W. & S. JONES, 30 Holborn, London to upper surface, the original fully fitted mahogany box with a comprehensive and almost complete selection of original accessories including five objective lenses, three further lieberkuhn objectives, rotating slide accessory stage, sprung slide holder, ivory specimen canister, two specimen forceps (one fitted with viewing lens), three large boxwood sliders, bullseye condensor lens and a few additional later items, the box 36cm (14.25ins) wide; with a large quantity of mainly home-prepared slides, 19th century and later, including a handful of professionally prepared slides within card trays, the box 28.5cm (11.25ins) wide, (2). The partnership between the brothers William and Samuel Jones is recorded in Clifton, Gloria Directory of British Scientific Instrument Makers 1550-1851 as operating from several addresses in Holborn, London 1792-1859 (including 30 Holborn 1800-1860). The current lot is very similar to 'Jones Most Improved Compound Microscope and Apparatus' which was based upon a design originally conceived by George Adams and published in the 1798 edition of his Essays on the Microscope. A similar microscope by Dollond was sold in these rooms on Wednesday 17th February 2010 (lot 8) for a hammer price of £3,200.

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A lacquered and patinated brass transit

Lot 4: A lacquered and patinated brass transit

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Description: A lacquered and patinated brass transit theodolite, Stanley, London, early 20th century, The triform base with adjustable feet and threaded table for tripod fitting beneath rotating trunnion table with twin fine vernier scales calibrated to 10 second divisions visible through lozenge shaped apertures and with pivoted viewing lenses, the upper surface mounted with X and Y spirit levels and yoke to support the reversible telescope with rack and pinion adjustment, cross wire sights, further spirit level and incorporating vertical circle calibrated in degrees with twin verniers, the trunnion table engraved STANLEY LONDON, 20309, PATENT, 35.5cm (14ins) high; with original hardwood box with pasted trade label annotated with matching serial number and dated 20.12.26 over repair label dated 15/9/38 to inside of lid, the main compartment incorporating section fitted with accessories, 44.5cm (17.5ins) wide. The firm of W.F. Stanley and Co. was founded by William F. Stanley as specialising in drawing instruments in 1854. The firm expanded to become one of the largest suppliers of surveying instruments working from several addresses in London and continued in business (latterly as a subsidiary of Russell Instruments) until being wound-up1999.

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A lacquered and patinated brass transit

Lot 5: A lacquered and patinated brass transit

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Description: A lacquered and patinated brass transit theodolite, Stanley, London, early 20th century, The triform base with adjustable feet and threaded table for tripod fitting beneath rotating trunnion table with twin fine vernier scales calibrated to 10 second divisions visible through glazed apertures and with pivoted viewing lenses, the upper surface mounted with X and Y spirit levels and yoke to support the reversible telescope with filter to eyepiece, screw focus adjustment, cross wire and incorporating vertical circle calibrated in degrees with twin verniers and further spirit level, the trunnion table engraved STANLEY LONDON, 30143, PATENT, 36cm (14.25ins) high; with original hardwood box with pasted trade label annotated with matching serial number and dated 15.4.32 to inside of lid, the main compartment incorporating section fitted with accessories, 47cm (18.5ins) wide. The firm of W.F. Stanley and Co. was founded by William F. Stanley as specialising in drawing instruments in 1854. The firm expanded to become one of the largest suppliers of surveying instruments working from several addresses in London and continued in business (latterly as a subsidiary of Russell Instruments) until being wound-up1999.

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A French mariner's lacquered brass hand-held

Lot 6: A French mariner's lacquered brass hand-held

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Description: A French mariner's lacquered brass hand-held sighting compass, Doninelli, Nice, late 19th century, Of cylindrical form with top surface inset with a silvered compass engraved with the eight cardinal points within outer scale calibrated in degrees set behind bevelled glass, the cylindrical body divided into two sections with the lower section incorporating inset silver collar scale divided in degrees rotating against a vernier scale engraved to a similar collar to the lower margin of the upper section, with two sets of pierced wire sights set at ninety degrees to each other and signed Doninelli a Nice, the lower section with single sight, rotation adjustment screw to underside and tapered brass handle, diameter 8cm (3ins approx.); with an English black japanned brass sextant, H. Hughes and Son Limited, London, early 20th century, the diamond lattice-pierced six inch radius frame with pivoted arm applied with HUSUN trademark label and mounted with mirror opposing aperture for the brass vernier scale, the main scale signed H. HUGHES & SON LTD LONDON beneath number 28394, the frame fitted with fixed sighting tube opposing mirror with wooden grip handle and three feet to underside, 27.5ins (10.75ins) wide overall; and a patinated brass aneroid surveyor's barometer, Stanley, London, early 20th century, with circular silvered scale calibrated in barometric inches within another calibrated in feet with vernier adjusted via knurled crown to outer track, with fine blued steel pointer and inscribed Surveying Aneroid Compensated, STANLEY, LONDON, 2023 to the recessed centre, the exterior with pivoted vernier lens and suspension loop incorporating vernier adjustment crown, diameter 8cm (3ins approx.), with original protective leather case, (3)

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* A mahogany cased lacquered brass 'Tates

Lot 7: * A mahogany cased lacquered brass 'Tates

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Description: * A mahogany cased lacquered brass 'Tates Arithmometer', C. and E. Layton, London, circa 1900, The stepped-drum crank wound mechanism with two section top plate, the lower plate for setting comprising eight numbered slides with divisions labelled 0-9 flanked by crank handle and selection lever labelled ADD, SUB, MULT, DIV, above inscription TATES ARITHMOMETER, C. & E. LAYTON, LONDON to lower margin, the hinged upper plate with a bank of nine small windows for revolution beneath sixteen apertures for the result register each with knurled thumbscrew for individual number setting and crank handle to the right for zeroing the entire result register, housed in a mahogany box with inset brass strap reinforcements to the edges and brass carrying handles to ends, 61cm (24ins) wide; with a Fuller pattern cylindrical slide rule/calculator, Stanley, London, circa 1900, of telescopic form with outer sleeve printed with a logarithmic spiral scale inscribed FULLERS SPIRAL SLIDE RULE towards upper margin and signed STANLEY. Maker. LONDON, the inner sleeve annotated with various tables including Natural Sines, Birmingham Wire Gauge and Decimals of a Degree and Hour, the frame with central brass sleeve and turned mahogany end caps fitted with calibrated brass reading scale and handle to one end, in original mahogany box inscribed Calculator to lid, 45cm (17.75ins) wide, (2). The 'Tates Arithmometer' was developed by Samuel Tate from a model initially devised by the French scientist Charles Xavier Thomas in around 1820, which was then further improved by Elliot Brothers of London in response to a request put out by the Prudential Assurance Company in 1879. Tate applied for a British patent in 1881 which was granted in 1885; the firm of Charles and Edward Layton were appointed manufacturers and retailers of the machine which was first shown at the International Inventions Exhibitions held in London in 1885. The machine continued to be made until around the outbreak WWI. The Fuller pattern cylindrical slide rule was patented by George Fuller, professor of Civil Engineering at Queen's University, Belfast in 1879 and was made by Stanley, London until well into the twentieth century. The current lot is the earlier two-section model, later versions incorporated another intermediate sliding logarithmic scale.

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An English 7 inch celestial 'star' globe , Kelvin

Lot 8: An English 7 inch celestial 'star' globe , Kelvin

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Description: An English 7 inch celestial 'star' globe , Kelvin and Hughes, London, circa 1975, The sphere applied with twelve gores printed with stars and principal constellations labelled, the solstitial colure divided for the annual calendar, the equinoctial graduated in degrees, the northern hemisphere with key for star MAGNITUDE above oval label STAR GLOBE, KELVIN & HUGHES LTD., EPOCH 1975, Printed by George Philip & Son. Ltd., pivoted between the poles within a lacquered brass meridian circle divided for degrees and resting via similarly divided horizon ring, annotated with the principal compass cardinal points and inscribed PATT. 160133, No. 7120/BHS/10437, with four-arm restraint with each sector again divided for degrees and fitted with friction sliding recording pointers, the stained wood box with KELVIN HUGHES STAR GLOBE (1975), (Twilight Setting Pattern), INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE label pasted to inside of lid, the exterior with leather carrying handle, 27cm (10.75ins) wide. Such globes were supplied/issued to mariners to assist with night time navigation by providing a reference for the relative position of the celestial bodies. The firm of Kelvin and Hughes was formed in 1947 with the merger of Henry Hughes and Son Limited of London with Kelvin, Bottomley and Baird Limited of Glasgow.

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A 14 inch terrestrial table globe, George Philip

Lot 9: A 14 inch terrestrial table globe, George Philip

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Description: A 14 inch terrestrial table globe, George Philip and Son, London, early 20th century, The sphere applied with twelve polychrome printed gores incorporating oval label PHILIP'S, 14 INCH, TERRESTRIAL GLOBE.., LONDON, GEOGRAPHICAL INSTITUTE, GEORGE PHILIP & SON LTD. 32 FLEET STREET and annotated with principal towns, cities, rivers, mountain ranges and trans-continental railway routes to land masses, the oceans with principal steamship routes annotated in nautical miles, pivoted via the poles within a cast iron meridian circle divided for degrees and resting in wooden stand with printed paper horizon ring graduated in degrees, days of the month and houses of the Zodiac with names and symbols, on three inverted baluster-turned supports with cross-stretcher, 48cm (19ins) maximum diameter, 56cm (22ins) high

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A rare German 1 inch miniature terrestrial globe ,

Lot 10: A rare German 1 inch miniature terrestrial globe ,

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Description: A rare German 1 inch miniature terrestrial globe , Carl Bauer, Nuremburg, early 19th century, The sphere applied with twelve printed gores with continents and principal landmasses outlined, coloured and annotated in German, the South Pacific near Cape Horn with printed monogram MCB (some noticeable bruising and wear), in original carved wood case modelled as a walnut, 5.5cm (2.25ins) high. Carl Johann Sigmund Bauer was born in 1780 to globe maker and engraver Johann Bernard; he had a brother, Peter, who was three years younger. Both Peter and Carl followed in their father's footsteps and perhaps became best known for producing the educational aid 'The World and its Inhabitants'. This usually comprised a 1.75 inch globe and a hand coloured series of portraits depicting people of different ethnic backgrounds bound as a concertina foldout. Carl died in 1857, outliving his younger brother by ten years. The current lot is notable in that still retains its original case which is carved to resemble a walnut. A slightly larger (1.25 inch) globe in its original case by Carl Bauer was sold in these rooms on 4th September 2012 (lot 101) for £4,500 hammer.

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A George II brass pocket sundial, I. Coggs, second

Lot 11: A George II brass pocket sundial, I. Coggs, second

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Description: A George II brass pocket sundial, I. Coggs, second quarter of the 18th century, The shallow cylindrical glazed case enclosing compass with rosette-centred eight-point compass rose annotated NORTH, nne, NE, ene, EAST, ese, SE, sse, SOUTH, ssw, SW, wsw, WEST, wnw, NW and nnw within outer track for degrees divided into two degree intervals, the blued steel pointer with scrolled arrow-tip pointer for south opposing integral pierced 'N' for north, the top applied with narrow Roman numeral chapter ring annotated III-XII-VIII divided to ten minute intervals with cruciform half markers and signed I Coggs Fecit to the vacant space between VIII and III, the centre with offset herringbone engraved rail fitted with pivot to take the hinged scroll-pierced gnomen set at approximately 50 degrees when raised, with slightly convex snap-on cover with delicate cavetto moulded edge, diameter 8cm (3.25ins approx.). A John Coggs is recorded in Clifton, Gloria Directory of British Scientific Instrument Makers 1550-1851 as working from 'Globe & Sun against St. Dunstan's Church in Fleet Street' 1718-33. He is Known to have sold universal equinoctial ring dials and advertised a full range of instruments. The name of the business was changed to 'Coggs & Wyeth' when John and William Wyeth joined the business in 1733 later becoming 'Wright & Wyeth' in 1740. A second John Coggs is recorded as apprenticed to Benjamin Cole in 1759 but there appears to be no subsequent record of him setting up in business.

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A Victorian silver cased aneroid pocket barometer

Lot 12: A Victorian silver cased aneroid pocket barometer

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Description: A Victorian silver cased aneroid pocket barometer with altimeter scale, R. and J. Beck Limited, London, 1895, With 1.75 inch circular silvered register signed R & J BECK LTD., 68 Cornhill, LONDON beneath Compensated to centre within concentric scale calibrated for barometric inches divided into twentieths and annotated with the usual weather observations within rotating outer scale calibrated in feet from 0 to 8000 and divided for 100 foot intervals, the pocket watch type case with engine turned rear cover and suspension ring, marks for London 1895, diameter 5cm (2ins). The partnership between Richard and Joseph Beck is recorded in Banfield, Edwin BAROMETER MAKERS & RETAILERS 1660-1900 as first working from 31 Cornhill 1867-80 and then 68 Cornhill from 1868. They were best known for supplying microscopes and other optical instruments which were presumably constructed in their factory at Lister Works, Kentish Town, Holloway, East London. Banfield further notes that they often signed their instruments 'R & J Beck Ltd' from 1894.

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A Victorian silver cased aneroid pocket barometer

Lot 13: A Victorian silver cased aneroid pocket barometer

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Description: A Victorian silver cased aneroid pocket barometer , J.H. Steward, London, 1865, With 1.75 inch circular silvered register signed J.H. Steward, 406 strand & 54 Cornhill, LONDON centre within concentric scale calibrated for barometric inches divided into twentieths and annotated with the usual weather observations, the pocket watch type case incorporating rotating bezel with recording marker to the inside surface of the front glass and suspension ring, marks for London 1865, diameter 5cm (2ins). James Henry Steward is recorded in Banfield, Edwin BAROMETER MAKERS AND RETAILERS 1660-1900 as a maker of all types of barometers who worked from several addresses in London including; 406 Strand (1857-1900 and beyond), 67 Strand (1867-8), 63 St. Paul's Churchyard (1867-80), Cornhill (1867-92), 66 Strand (1869-88), 456 Strand (1879-88), 474 West Strand (1886-1900 and beyond) and 7 Gracechurch Street (1893-1900 and beyond). He advertised as 'maker of the celebrated Lord Bury telescope and maker of the Fitzroy barometers, as in use at all railway termini and principal hotels in London'.

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A Victorian silver cased aneroid pocket barometer

Lot 14: A Victorian silver cased aneroid pocket barometer

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Description: A Victorian silver cased aneroid pocket barometer with altimeter scale, C. and G.E. Asprey, London, 1892, With 1.75 inch circular silvered register signed C. & G.E. Asprey, 166. New Bond St., LONDON beneath Improved Scale, Compensated and stamped registration number 149175 over triangular trademark device to centre within concentric scale calibrated for barometric inches divided into tenths and annotated with the usual weather observations within rotating outer scale calibrated in feet from 0 to 12000 and divided for 50 foot intervals, the pocket watch type case with suspension ring enclosing knurled crown for adjustment of the altimeter scale, marks for London 1892, diameter 5cm (2ins). The firm of Charles Asprey and Sons was originally founded as a silk printing business in Mitcham Surrey by William Asprey in 1781. Charles Asprey relocated the business to London in 1841 to form a partnership with Francis Kennedy, a stationer based at 46 Bond Street. This partnership lasted until 1843 after which the business was continued by Charles Asprey alone until he took in his son, also called Charles, and relocated to 166 Bond Street in 1847. In 1872 the business name was changed to 'Asprey and Son' followed by 'Asprey and Sons' in 1879 when his other son, George Edward, joined the firm. The name changed again to 'C. and G.E. Asprey' in 1888 before finally becoming 'Asprey and Company' in 1900.

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A Victorian gilt brass aneroid pocket barometer

Lot 15: A Victorian gilt brass aneroid pocket barometer

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Description: A Victorian gilt brass aneroid pocket barometer with altimeter scale, J. Hicks, London, late 19th century, With 1.75 inch circular silvered register signed J. HICKS, MAKER, LONDON, 5493 beneath Compensated to centre within concentric scale calibrated for barometric inches divided into twentieths and annotated with the usual weather observations within fixed outer scale calibrated in feet from 0 to 10000 and divided for 100 foot intervals, the frosted gilt pocket watch type case with steel altimeter setting pointer fitted to the inside edge of the rotating bezel beneath suspension ring, diameter 5cm (2ins); with original blue velvet lined red morocco leather covered protective outer case, diameter 6cm (2.25in approx.). James Joseph Hicks is recorded in Banfield, Edwin BAROMETER MAKERS AND RETAILERS 1660-1900 as working from Hatton Garden, London from 1861 until after 1900. He was a committed Catholic who presented various meteorological instruments to the Vatican receiving the title of Knight Commander of St. Gregory for his services.

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A fine George III mahogany bowfronted mercury

Lot 16: A fine George III mahogany bowfronted mercury

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Description: A fine George III mahogany bowfronted mercury stick barometer, Troughton, London, circa 1820, With swan neck pediment above silvered vernier scale calibrated in barometric inches and with the usual weather observations beneath signature Troughton, London to upper margin within moulded surround for the curved glass, the flame figured trunk of bowed profile and with ebony strung edges with convex throat moulding and vernier adjustment screw to upper section, the base with turned ebony half vase cistern cover flanked by lozenge inlaid canted angles with level adjustment to the cavetto moulded underside, (glass lacking), 100cm (39.5ins) high. The current lot was probably made by Edward Troughton who is recorded in Clifton, Gloria Directory of British Scientific Instrument Makers 1550-1851 as first working in partnership with his brother, John from several addresses in London (including Queen's Square, Bartholemew and 136 Fleet Street) from 1788 until John's death in 1804. Edward continued alone from their Fleet Street address until 1826 when he formed a partnership with William Simms which lasted until after Troughton's death in 1831. Edward Troughton was apparently quite a character choosing to live a semi-reclusive life and was characterised by his snuff-stained wig and ear trumpet! However his skill both in the manufacture and design of fine instruments led him to be awarded lucrative contracts from The East India Company, The Board of Ordnance, the Royal Observatory and The Board of Longitude.

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A fine George III mahogany mercury stick barometer

Lot 17: A fine George III mahogany mercury stick barometer

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Description: A fine George III mahogany mercury stick barometer with hygrometer, Edward Nairne, London, late 18th century, The caddy moulded arch-top case inset with circular glazed hygrometer with independent adjustment for the hygrometer beard pointer via a brass turn-screw set beneath operating a pair of visible geared wheels fitted to the rear of the instrument, over concave-topped inset silvered vernier scale calibrated in barometric inches to the right hand margin opposing weather observations to the left, the upper margin with engraved signature Nairne, London, the conforming caddy moulded figured mahogany veneered trunk with exposed tube above rounded base applied with half-sphere cistern cover with moulded cylindrical upstand and narrow band to waist, the underside with brass level adjustment screw, 104cm (41ins) high. Edward Nairne was born in 1726 and apprenticed to the celebrated instrument maker, Matthew Loft, in 1741. Latterly he worked from 20 Cornhill and published numerous booklets on navigational, pneumatic and astronomical instruments. In 1776 Nairne devised a marine barometer with a restriction in the bore of the mercury tube which served to dampen the oscillation of the mercury; he was elected to the Royal Society in the same year. In 1774 he formed a loose partnership with his former apprentice Thomas Blunt, perhaps for mutual convenience as Blunt's premises were next door to Nairne's at 22 Cornhill. Edward Nairne is believed to have retired to Chelsea in 1801 and died in 1806.

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A fine George III mahogany mercury stick barometer

Lot 18: A fine George III mahogany mercury stick barometer

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Description: A fine George III mahogany mercury stick barometer , John Bleuler, London, late 18th century, The arched silvered vernier scale calibrated in barometric inches to the right hand margin opposing weather observations to the left, the upper margin with engraved signature J. Bleuler, London set behind moulded arch-glazed door, the caddy moulded figured mahogany veneered trunk with exposed tube above rounded base applied with half-sphere cistern cover with moulded cylindrical upstand and narrow band to waist, the underside with brass level adjustment screw, 94cm (37ins) high. John Bleuler is recorded in Clifton, Gloria Directory of British Scientific Instrument Makers 1550-1851 as apprenticed to Henry Shuttleworth in 1771, he took on the business of the late Thomas Whitford at 27 Ludgate Hill, London in 1791 and worked from that address until 1822. He died in 1829.

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A fine George III mahogany bayonet-tube mercury

Lot 19: A fine George III mahogany bayonet-tube mercury

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Description: A fine George III mahogany bayonet-tube mercury stick barometer with hygrometer and Fahrenheit scale thermometer, Samuel Toulmin, London, circa 1775, The caddy moulded case with open triangular pediment above hygrometer with independent adjustment for the hygrometer beard pointer via a brass turn-screw set beneath, over inset silvered vernier scale with curved lower angles and calibrated in barometric inches to the right hand margin opposing weather observations to the left, the upper margin signed Toulmin Strand London, the trunk inset with silvered brass break-arch Fahrenheit scale mercury tube thermometer with domed brass protective cover to the bulb and decorative engraved border, the rounded base with circular moulded cistern cover and brass level adjustment screw to underside, 109cm (43ins) high. Samuel Toulmin is recorded in Banfield, Edwin BAROMETER MAKERS AND RETAILERS 1660-1900 as working from Strand, London 1757-83.

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A fine George III slender mahogany mercury stick

Lot 20: A fine George III slender mahogany mercury stick

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Description: A fine George III slender mahogany mercury stick barometer with ivory cistern float, Alexander Adie, Edinburgh, early 19th century, The slender figured mahogany case with brass vernier adjustment screw to top above inset rectangular silvered vernier scale with canted upper angles and calibrated in barometric inches to right hand margin beneath engraved signature A. Adie, Edinburgh to upper edge, the trunk with visible tube above moulded reeded square section cistern cover with ivory mercury float to right hand side and brass level adjustment screw beneath, 94.5cm (37.25ins) high. Alexander Adie is recorded in Goodison, Nicholas English BAROMETERS 1680-1860 as born 1774 and apprenticed to his uncle, the eminent Scottish instrument maker John Miller, in 1789. In 1804 his uncle took him into partnership under the name of Miller and Adie which continued until after Miller's death in 1815. Adie was particularly interested in meteorological instruments and is perhaps best known as the inventor of the Sympiesometer in 1818. In recognition of his work he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1819. He was appointed optician to William IV and later Queen Victoria and took one of his sons, John, into partnership in 1835. Two of his other sons set up businesses; Robert in Liverpool and Patrick in London. Unfortunately John Adie was prone to 'fits of despondency' which resulted in him shooting himself in 1857, Alexander Adie died the following year - no doubt expediated by the stress of his son's demise. The current lot appears to be a well made but functional model from Adie's range that has practical refinements such as screw vernier adjustment to the top of the case and ivory cistern float. These details, along with the reeded decoration to the cistern cover, demonstrates a commonality between the current lot and the more exotic slender bowfronted model produced by Adie; an example of which was sold in these rooms on Tuesday 4th September 2012 (lot 112) for £7,500 hammer.

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A mahogany mercury stick barometer with hygrometer

Lot 21: A mahogany mercury stick barometer with hygrometer

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Description: A mahogany mercury stick barometer with hygrometer and mercury Fahrenheit scale thermometer, The register bearing signature for James Gatty, London, late 18th century and later, The boxwood edged case with open triangular pediment above hygrometer set behind convex glazed cast brass bezel over rectangular glazed door with curved lower angles enclosing conforming silvered vernier scale calibrated in barometric inches to the right hand margin opposing weather observations to the left, the upper margin bearing engraved signature James, Gatty, London, the trunk with further long rectangular glazed door enclosing mercury tube Fahrenheit scale thermometer with brass cage protection to the bulb and wheatear engraved arched border enclosing delicate leafy scrolls to upper margin, the rounded base with ring-turned domed cistern cover and level adjustment screw to underside, 109cm (43ins) high

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A Regency inlaid mahogany mercury stick barometer,

Lot 22: A Regency inlaid mahogany mercury stick barometer,

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Description: A Regency inlaid mahogany mercury stick barometer, Purchion, Leeds, early 19th century, With pierced crest above parquetry banded cavetto cornice and rectangular glazed door enclosing heavy siphon tube with simple wire recording pointer before a white painted scale calibrated in barometric inches and with the usual weather observations within husk decorated arched surround with gilt fan infill to upper corners and signed Purchion Leeds to the lower margin, the trunk with exposed tube flanked by repeating lozenge inlaid decoration to fascia and scroll pierced ears, the shaped base applied with floral marquetry decorated oval cover enclosing bulb cistern, 98cm (38.5ins) high. A George Purcheon is recorded in Banfield, Edwin, BAROMETER MAKERS AND RETAILERS 1660-1900 as working from Glass House, Leeds circa 1820-40. Banfield notes that he made barometers with paper or enamelled (painted) plates; a related instrument by George Purcheon is illustrated by Banfield in BAROMETERS, Stick or Cistern Tube on page 116.

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A rosewood and mahogany mercury tube stick

Lot 23: A rosewood and mahogany mercury tube stick

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Description: A rosewood and mahogany mercury tube stick barometer, C.A. Canti, London, circa 1840, The arched case with canted surround to the applied engraved ivory vernier scale calibrated in barometric inches and with the usual weather observations opposing mercury Fahrenheit and Reaumur scale thermometer, the upper left margin inscribed C.A. CANTI, 30 HIGH HOLBORN, the waisted trunk with visible tube above rounded base applied with a half-ovoid cistern cover with moulded cylindrical upstand and narrow band to waist, the underside with brass level adjustment screw, 91.5cm (36ins) high. C.A. Canti is recorded in Banfield, Edwin BAROMETER MAKERS AND RETAILERS 1660-1900 as working from 30 High Holborn, London, circa 1830-60.

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A rare Victorian cast iron mounted oak outdoor

Lot 24: A rare Victorian cast iron mounted oak outdoor

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Description: A rare Victorian cast iron mounted oak outdoor mercury stick barometer, Chadburn Brothers, Sheffield for E.H. Straw, London, mid 19th century, The arch-glazed canted silvered brass double vernier scale calibrated in barometric inches and with the usual weather observations labelled YESTER'Y 9. A.M. and TODAY 9. A.M. to lower margin, the arch engraved with retailer's signature E.H. STRAW, OPTICIAN, 69 LEMAN ST., WHITECHAPEL set within moulded surround to the heavy cast iron arched fascia incorporating relief trade label CHADBURN BRO'S, OPTICIANS & C., SHEFFIELD to lower rail over vernier adjustment screws, conforming arch-glazed mercury tube Fahrenheit and Reaumur scale thermometer with spiral bulb (damaged) and moulded circular cistern panel decorated with armorial device, the plate fitted via brass capped studs onto a moulded oak back panel, 100cm (39.5ins) high. Chadburn Brothers are recorded in Banfield, Edwin, BAROMETER MAKERS AND RETAILERS 1660-1900 as 'notable makers' working from Albion Works, 26 Nursery Road, Sheffield and 71 Lord Street, Liverpool circa 1837-75. E.H. Straw do not appear to be recorded in the usual sources.

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A Victorian carved oak mercury stick barometer ,

Lot 25: A Victorian carved oak mercury stick barometer ,

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Description: A Victorian carved oak mercury stick barometer , Reynolds and Branson, Leeds, late 19th century, With rosette-centred scroll carved crest and moulded cornice above bevel-glazed double canted opaque glass vernier scales calibrated in barometric inches, labelled 10. A.M. YESTERDAY and 10. A.M. TODAY to lower edge and inscribed ADD ONE TENTH FOR EACH NINETY FEET ABOVE THE SEA LEVEL beside signature REYNOLDS & BRANSON, LEEDS to upper margin, the trunk with applied anthemion motif flanked by double vernier adjustment screws above glazed mercury FAHRENHEIT and CENTIGRADE scale thermometer with geometric carved crest and apron above rosette decorated circular cistern cover to the scroll outline base with level adjustment screw to underside, 105.5cm (41.5ins) high. Reynolds and Branson are recorded in Banfield, Edwin BAROMETER MAKERS AND RETAILERS 1660-1900 as working in Leeds from 1890.

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A George III inlaid mahogany mercury wheel

Lot 26: A George III inlaid mahogany mercury wheel

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Description: A George III inlaid mahogany mercury wheel barometer, Francis Saltery and Company, London, early 19th century, With 8 inch circular radial motif centre-engraved circular silvered register signed Fran.'s Saltery & Co. No. 94, Holborn Hill, LONDON within concentric scale calibrated in barometric inches and with the usual observations to the outer track, with blued steel pointer set behind fixed cast brass glazed bezel fitted with brass recording pointer to centre, beneath arch-glazed Fahrenheit scale alcohol tube thermometer with geometric band decoration around bulb and floral spray within the arch, the parquetry chevron edged shaped case with open triangular pediment above circular fan cartouche panel to frieze and conforming ovoid panels flanking dial and further circular motif to the rounded base, 96.5cm (38ins) high. Francis Saltery (and Company) are recorded in Banfield, Edwin BAROMETER MAKERS & RETAILERS 1660-1900 as working from 94 Holborn Hill, London circa 1800-30.

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A Regency inlaid mahogany mercury wheel barometer

Lot 27: A Regency inlaid mahogany mercury wheel barometer

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Description: A Regency inlaid mahogany mercury wheel barometer , Unsigned, early 19th century, The 8 inch circular silvered register inscribed Warranted to centre within scale calibrated in barometric inches and with the usual weather observations set behind glazed brass bezel fitted with brass recording pointer, the ebony and box line edged case with open triangular pediment above rosette and arched alcohol tube Fahrenheit scale thermometer flanked by conch shell inlay to trunk, the rounded base with conforming rosette, 96.5cm (38ins) high

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A Regency inlaid mahogany mercury wheel barometer,

Lot 28: A Regency inlaid mahogany mercury wheel barometer,

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Description: A Regency inlaid mahogany mercury wheel barometer, Joseph Aprile, Sudbury, early 19th century, The 8 inch circular silvered register signed Jos'h Aprile, Sudbury, Warranted to centre within scale calibrated in barometric inches and with the usual weather observations set behind glazed brass bezel fitted with brass recording pointer, the ebony and box line edged case with open triangular pediment above rosette and arched alcohol tube Fahrenheit scale thermometer flanked by conch shell inlay to trunk, the rounded base with conforming rosette, 96.5cm (38ins) high. Joseph Aprile is recorded in Banfield, Edwin BAROMETER MAKERS AND RETAILERS 1660-1900 as a clock and watch maker working in Sudbury circa 1825-45.

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A Victorian rosewood cased sympiesometer, Crichton

Lot 29: A Victorian rosewood cased sympiesometer, Crichton

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Description: A Victorian rosewood cased sympiesometer, Crichton Brothers, London, circa 1875. The rectangular silvered scale applied with siphon tube with open bulb to the left and sealed bulb to the right filled with pink stained fluid, the left hand margin with mercury tube Fahrenheit scale thermometer above engraved signature Crichton Bro's., 11 Billiter St. London, opposing right hand side with engraved vertical scale for degrees Fahrenheit ranging between 20 and 120 set behind slide with expanded scale annotated for barometric inches and with the usual weather observations, the upper edge of the slide fitted with angled brass pointer for calibration against the temperature scale behind and with adjustment by rack and pinion to a knurled brass knob fitted to the right hand side of the case, the lower edge with recessed circular level recording disc labelled REGISTER and engraved with barometric scale visible through an arched aperture in the plate and manually adjusted via projecting rim to the base, the case with shaped upstand to the cavetto moulded cornice above moulded surround to the bevel glazed front aperture, (with restoration), 55cm (21.75ins) high. Crichton Brothers are recorded in Banfield, Edwin BAROMETER MAKERS AND RETAILERS 1660-1900 as specialist makers of sympiesometers working from 11 Billiter Street, London, 1871-7. The sympiesometer was invented by Alexander Adie of Edinburgh in 1818 and is essentially an improved version of Robert Hooke's thermobarometer which was subject of a paper presented to the Royal Society in 1668. The instrument works by having a syphon tube filled with liquid open to the air at one end and with trapped gas at the other (sulphuric acid and hydrogen were used in later sympiesometers). As barometric pressure increases the liquid will be forced down the tube causing the gas to be compressed, resulting in a change in level in the tube. Unfortunately the volume of the gas changes with temperature so before a reliable reading can be taken the instrument would first need to be calibrated by adjusting the position of the movable barometer scale in relation to the temperature scale behind to reflect the reading provided by the thermometer. The sympiesometer was conceived as an alternative to the mercury marine barometer as it was smaller and believed to be less susceptible to the motion of a vessel at sea.

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A Dutch weather glass or 'donderglas', Anomynous,

Lot 30: A Dutch weather glass or 'donderglas', Anomynous,

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Description: A Dutch weather glass or 'donderglas', Anomynous, probably mid to late 19th century. The half pear-shaped blown glass reservoir with integral suspension loop and fitted with tapered serpentine spout rising from the waist, 25cm (10ins) high. The design of the current lot was devised by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in around 1793 but had to wait until after his death to be recognised as useful for predicting impending stormy weather. Often called a Liege barometer the instrument worked by filling the reservoir approximately two-thirds full and hanging on the wall, with a sudden drop of air pressure (which precedes a storm) the level in the spout would rise - possibly spilling over thus provides a simple but effective early warning for stormy weather.

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A very rare Victorian rosewood mercury 'Patent

Lot 31: A very rare Victorian rosewood mercury 'Patent

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Description: A very rare Victorian rosewood mercury 'Patent Compensating Portable Barometer' or mercury sympiesometer, William Harris and Son, London, mid 19th century, The rectangular silvered scale applied with short U-shaped mercury tube terminating with open bulb to left hand column opposing sealed bulb to the right, the centre with mercury tube Fahrenheit and Reaumer scale thermometer and with engraved inscription Harris's Patent Compensating Portable Barometer, the upper margin signed WILL.'M HARRIS & SON, 50 High Holborn, London, above right hand side with engraved vertical scale for degrees Fahrenheit ranging between 20 and 120 set behind slide with compressed vernier scale annotated for barometric inches and with the usual weather observations, the upper edge of the slide fitted with angled steel pointer for calibration against the temperature scale behind and with adjustment by rack and pinion to a knurled brass knob fitted to the right hand side of the case, the vernier with independent adjustment via friction slide to a smaller secondary brass knob to the exterior, the lower edge with engraved serial number 284 over recessed circular level recording disc engraved with barometric scale visible through a semi-circular aperture in the plate and manually adjusted via projecting rim to the base, the case with shaped upstand to the cavetto moulded cornice above moulded surround to the glazed front aperture, 33cm (13ins) high. Many makers with the surname Harris have worked in the London instrument trade since the middle of the 17th century, however this branch of the family can be traced back to Richard Harris who is recorded in Clifton, Gloria Directory of British Scientific Instrument Makers 1550-1851 as working from several addresses in London circa 1710-1810. His son, William, was apprenticed to the clockmaker Joseph Robinson and gained his freedom of the Clockmakers' Company in 1796. William set up business first at 47 High Holborn, London in 1805 before moving to a couple of doors down to number 50 in 1815. The business became 'William Harris & Company' in around 1813 before being renamed 'William Harris & Son' in 1841 when William Harris is believed to have taken in his son, Richard Joshua, into partnership. The business is recorded working from 50 High Holborn until around 1855. The design of current lot was described in the 1851 publication by Adolphus Oliver Harris A Treatise on the Patent Compensation Portable Barometer and was developed by William Harris and Son as an improvement on the sympiesometer invented by Alexander Adie of Edinburgh in 1818 (which in turn was essentially an improved version of Robert Hooke's thermobarometer which was subject of a paper presented to the Royal Society in 1668). Both instruments essentially work in the same way with a syphon tube filled with liquid open to the air at one end and with trapped gas at the other (sulphuric acid and hydrogen were used in the sympiesometer). As barometric pressure increases the liquid will be forced down the tube causing the gas to be compressed, resulting in a change in level in the tube. Unfortunately the volume of the gas changes with temperature so before a reliable reading can be taken the instrument would first need to be calibrated by adjusting the position of the movable barometer scale in relation to the temperature scale behind to reflect the reading provided by the thermometer. The sympiesometer was conceived as an alternative to the mercury marine barometer as it was smaller and less susceptible to the motion of a vessel at sea.

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An ebonised barograph, Retailed by Yeates and Son,

Lot 32: An ebonised barograph, Retailed by Yeates and Son,

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Description: An ebonised barograph, Retailed by Yeates and Son, Dublin, early 20th century, The mechanism with eight segment aneroid chamber within lacquered brass armature operating via a system of pivoted levers an inked pointer for recording the change in barometric pressure on a clockwork-driven rotating paper-scale lined drum, the patinated baseplate numbered 1066 and with applied ivorine trade label inscribed YEATES & SON, DUBLIN, the bevel glazed case with mirror-backed four glass cover and cavetto moulded base with chart drawer to apron and on bracket feet, 36cm (14.25ins) wide

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A rare wall mounted mahogany barograph, J. Hicks,

Lot 33: A rare wall mounted mahogany barograph, J. Hicks,

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Description: A rare wall mounted mahogany barograph, J. Hicks, London, late 19th century, The large diameter circular nickel plated aneroid chamber mounted vertically within a hinged gilt brass frame with armature operating the inked pointer for recording the change in barometric pressure on a horizontally pivoted clockwork driven paper-scale lined rotating drum, the lower edge of the brass frame with silvered scale divided for barometric inches and engraved J. HICKS, LONDON, No. 71, the recording drum with automatic mechanism to facilitate periodic lifting and dropping of the pointer for recording a series of dots rather than a continuous line, the rectangular glazed case with rounded top angles, moulded surround to the front glass and bottom-hinged cover allowing full access to the mechanism, 25.5cm (10ins) high; with a quantity of spare recording papers. James Joseph Hicks is recorded in Banfield, Edwin BAROMETER MAKERS AND RETAILERS 1660-1900 as working from Hatton Garden, London from 1861 until after 1900. He was a committed Catholic who presented various meteorological instruments to the Vatican receiving the title of Knight Commander of St. Gregory for his services. The current lot is a rare design which is thought to have been developed for maritime use. Recording by dots would both help to lessen the chance of interruption through jolts onboard a vessel, as well as allow clear indication of sustained fall in pressure which normally precedes a storm.

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Regional clockmaking - thirteen publications

Lot 34: Regional clockmaking - thirteen publications

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Description: Regional clockmaking - thirteen publications relating to South East England, East Anglia, Midlands, Northern English and Scottish clocks and clockmaking: Pearson, Michael Kent Clocks & Clockmakers two limited edition copies numbered 639 and 893 from a run of 1000, Mayfield Books, Ashbourne 1997, each with dj; Bird, Clifford and Yvonne (editors) NORFOLK & NORWICH CLOCKS & CLOCKMAKERS Phillimore and Company Limited, Chichester 1996, dj; Tyler, E.J. The Clockmakers of Hertfordshire The Antiquarian Horological Society, Ticehurst 1997, softbound; Wilbourn, A.S.H. and Ellis, R. LINCOLNSHIRE CLOCK, WATCH AND BAROMETER MAKERS Hansord, Ellis and Wilbourn, Lincoln 2001, dj; McKenna, Joseph Clockmakers & Watchmakers of CENTRAL ENGLAND Mayfield Books, Ashbourne 2002, dj; Hughes, Roy G. Clockmakers & Watchmakers of DERBYSHIRE Mayfield Books, Ashbourne 1998, dj; Hughes, Roy G. Derbyshire Clock and Watchmakers Derby Museums, Derby 1976, softbound; Loomes, Brian LANCASHIRE CLOCKS and CLOCKMAKERS David and Charles, Newton Abbot 1975, dj (two copies); Stuart, Susan E. BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF CLOCKMAKERS North Lancashire and South Westmorland 1680-1900 Lancaster University, Lancaster 1999, softbound; Davies, Edmund Greater Manchester CLOCKS & CLOCKMAKERS Mayfield Books, Ashbourne 2007, dj; Loomes, Brian Clockmakers of NORTHERN ENGLAND Mayfield Books, Ashbourne 1997, dj; Loomes, Brian Yorkshire Clockmakers George Kelsall, Littleborough 1985, dj; Whyte, Donald Clockmakers & Watchmakers of SCOTLAND Mayfield Books, Ashbourne 2005, dj, (15)

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Regional clockmaking - ten publications relating

Lot 35: Regional clockmaking - ten publications relating

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Description: Regional clockmaking - ten publications relating to Wales and West Country clocks and clockmaking:, Moore, A.J. THE CLOCKMAKERS OF BRISTOL 1650-1900, privately published by the author, Somerset 1999, dj; Ponsford, C.N. TIME IN EXETER Headwell Vale Books, Exeter 1978, softbound; Bellchambers, J.K. SOMERSET CLOCKMAKERS The Antiquarian Horological Society, Ramsgate 1968, softbound (with damage); Brown, H. Miles CORNISH CLOCKS and CLOCKMAKERS David and Charles, Newton Abbot 1980, dj; Tribe, Tom and Whatmoor, Philip Dorset Clocks and Clockmakers limited edition numbered 29 from a run of 150 copies, signed by both authors, Tanat Books, Oswestry 1981; Ponsford, C.N. DEVON CLOCKS AND CLOCKMAKERS David and Charles, Newton Abbot 1985, dj; Dowler, Graham GLOUCESTERSHIRE CLOCK AND WATCHMAKERS signed by the author, Phillimore and Company Limited, Chichester 1984, dj; White, Ian WATCH AND CLOCKMAKERS IN THE CITY OF BATH The Antiquarian Horological Society, Ticehurst 1996, dj; Bacon, D.H. WATCHMAKING IN LLANGOLLEN BY ROBERT HUGHES The Antiquarian Horological Society, Ticehurst 2000, dj; Linnard, William WALES Clocks and Clockmakers Mayfield Books, Ashbourne 2003, dj, (10)

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Horological periodicals - Antiquarian Horology:, A

Lot 36: Horological periodicals - Antiquarian Horology:, A

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Description: Horological periodicals - Antiquarian Horology:, A complete run from volumes 1 to 27 comprising volumes 1 to 3 inclusive as cloth bound reprints, volumes 4 and 5 in half red leather, volumes 6 to 15 inclusive in red cloth and the remainder contained in red folders; with a small quantity of assorted loose duplicates, issues from later volumes and other related AHS publications

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Chronometer and precision clockmakers - three

Lot 37: Chronometer and precision clockmakers - three

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Description: Chronometer and precision clockmakers - three horological monographs and two other works:, Mercer, Vaudrey THE LIFE AND LETTERS OF EDWARD JOHN DENT AND HIS SUCCESSORS The Antiquarian Horological Society, London 1977, dj; Mercer Vaudrey THE FRODHAMS THE STORY OF A FAMILY OF Chronometer Makers The Antiquarian Horological Society, London 1981, two copies both with dj; Mercer, Vaudrey JOHN ARNOLD & SON CHRONOMETER MAKERS signed by the author, The Antiquarian Horological Society, London 1972, dj, complete with softbound supplement; Craven, Maxwell JOHN WHITEHURST of DERBY Mayfield Books, Ashbourne 1996, dj; Betts, Jonathan TIME RESTORED Oxford University Press, Oxford 2006, dj, (6)

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Miscellaneous Horology - twenty nine volumes:,

Lot 38: Miscellaneous Horology - twenty nine volumes:,

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Description: Miscellaneous Horology - twenty nine volumes:, Bird, Clifford METAMEC: The Clockmaker Dereham The Antiquarian Horological Society, Ticehurst 2003, dj; Lyman, Ian P. RAILWAY CLOCKS Mayfield Books, Ashbourne 2004, dj; Tyler, E.J. AMERICAN CLOCKS FOR THE COLLECTOR Robert Hale, London 1981, dj; Tyler, E. John BLACK FOREST CLOCKS N.A.G. Press Limited, London 1977, dj; Terwilliger, Charles THE HOROLOVAR 400-DAY CLOCK REPAIR GUIDE The Horolovar Company, New York 1969, dj; De Carle, Donald PRACTICAL WATCH REPAIRING N.A.G. Press Limited, London 1942, two copies both with dj; Gazeley, W.J. CLOCK AND WATCH ESCAPEMENTS Butterworth and Company, London copyright 1956, dj; Kochmann, K. EUROPEAN INDUSTRIALIZED CLOCK-MAKING Antique Clocks Publishing, Concord CA 1984, softbound; De Carle, Donald Watchmakers & Clockmakers ENCYCLOPEDAEC DICTIONARY N.A.G. Press, London 1950, dj; De Carle, Donald THE WATCHMAKER'S AND MODEL ENGINEER'S LATE A User's Manual Robert Hale, London 1998, dj; Britten, F.J. WATCH AND CLOCKMAKERS' HANDBOOK E. and F. Spon Limited, London 1946; Britten, F.J. HOROLOGICAL HINTS AND HELPS Technical Press Limited, London 1950, dj; Hasluck, P.N. THE CLOCK JOBBER'S HANDYBOOK Crosby Lockwood and Son, London 1894, softbound; Jones, Bernard E. WATCH CLEANING AND REPAIRING Cassell and Company Limited, London 1935, softbound; De Carle, Donald With the WATCHMAKER at the bench Sir Isaac Pitman and Sons Limited, London 1946, dj; Harris, H.G. Watch & Clock Repairs Barnes and Noble Books, London 1984, softbound; De Carle, Donald Watchmakers' and Clockmakers' ENCYCLOPAEDIC DICTIONARY N.A.G. Press Ltd, London 1950; Hayden, Arthur CHATS ON OLD CLOCKS T. Fisher Unwin Limited, London 1918; Loomes, Brian The White Dial Clock, signed by the author, David and Charles, Newton Abbot 1974, dj; Robinson, T.R. MODERN CLOCKS Their Repair & Maintenance N.A.G. Press Limited, London 1943, dj; Ullyett, Kenneth In Quest of Clocks Rockliff, London, 1950, dj; De Carle, Donald BRITISH TIME Crosby Lockwood and Son Limited, London 1947, dj; Baillie, G.H. WATCHMAKERS & CLOCKMAKERS OF THE WORLD N.A.G. Press, Limited, London 1947, dj; Loomes, Brian Watchmakers & Clockmakers of the World Volume 2 N.A.G. Press Limited, London 1976, dj; Chapius, Alfred and Jaquet, Eugene THE HISTORY OF THE SELF WINDING WATCH 1770-1931 Editions Du Griffon, Neuchatel 1956; with five sundry horological publications etc. (34).

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Early horology, records of makers and related -

Lot 39: Early horology, records of makers and related -

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Description: Early horology, records of makers and related - twenty volumes:, Evans, Jeremy THOMAS TOMPION at the Dial and Three Crowns The Antiquarian Horological Society, Ticehurst 2006, dj; Symmonds, R.W. THOMAS TOMPION his life and work Spring Books, London 1969, dj; Neale, J.A. Joseph and Thomas Windmills clock and Watch Makers 1671-1737 The Antiquarian Horological Society, Ticehurst 1999, dj; Hana, W.F.J. English Lantern Clocks Blandford Press, Blandford 1979, dj; Edwards, Ernest L. The Grandfather Clock John Sherratt and Son, Altrincham 1952; Edwards, Ernest L. WEIGHT-DRIVEN DUTCH CLOCKS & THEIR JAPANESE CONNECTIONS Mayfield Books, Ashbourne 1996, dj; Barder, Richard C.R. ENGLISH COUNTRY GRANDFATHER CLOCKS Bracken Books, London 1983, dj; Clutton, C., Baillie, G.H. and Ilbert, C.A. BRITTEN'S OLD CLOCKS AND WATCHES AND THEIR MAKERS eighth edition, Eyre Methuen, London 1973; Britten, F.J. Former Clock & Watchmakers and their Work first edition, E. and F.N. Spon, London 1894; Baillie, G.H. WATCHMAKERS & CLOCKMAKERS OF THE WORLD N.A.G. Press Limited, London 1972, dj; Loomes, Brian Watchmakers & Clockmakers of the World Volume 2 N.A.G. Press, Suffolk 1984; Britten, F.J. Old Clocks & Watches AND THEIR MAKERS S.R. Publishers Limited, Wakefield, 1971, dj; Moore, Dennis BRITISH CLOCKMAKERS & WATCHMAKERS APPRENTICE RECORDS 1710-1810 Mayfield Books, Ashbourne 2003; Baillie, G.H. CLOCKS & WATCHES An Historical Bibliography, N.A.G. Press Limited, London 1951, dj; Jagger, Cedric ROYAL CLOCKS Robert Hale, London 1973, softbound; Turner, A.J. The Clockwork of the Heavens exhibition catalogue, Asprey and Company, London 1973, softbound; Beeson, C.F.C. PERPIGNAN 1356 The Making of a Clock and Bell for the King's Castle The Antiquarian Horological Society, Ramsgate 1982, dj; Wright, Lawrence CLOCKWORK MAN Elek Books Limited, London 1968, dj; Landes, David S. REVOLUTION IN TIME The Belknap Press of Harvard University, Cambridge MA and London 1983, dj, (20)

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A quantity of cast brass horological mounts, 19th

Lot 40: A quantity of cast brass horological mounts, 19th

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Description: A quantity of cast brass horological mounts, 19th century and later, Including four complete 17th century style table clock basket top castings and other various caddy mounts, a selection of cast frieze frets and other applied mounts, finials, feet and a selection of mainly 20th century small clock bells, (qty)

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A Czechoslovakian engraved gilt brass miniature

Lot 41: A Czechoslovakian engraved gilt brass miniature

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Description: A Czechoslovakian engraved gilt brass miniature carriage timepiece incorporating earlier French verge pocket watch movement, J. Leliska, Prague, mid 19th century, the movement by Charles Le Roy, Paris, mid to late 18th century. The circular gilt single fusee full plate verge movement with four column turned pillars pinned at the rear, three-arm monometallic balance beneath fine rococo scroll pierced balance bridge, steel pointer for the silvered regulation disc and signed Ch's LeRoy, A PARIS and numbered 12371 to backplate, now with 1.25 inch circular white enamel Roman numeral dial with blued steel hands set within a rectangular frosted gilt mask incorporating leaf chased bezel and spandrel infill above scroll bordered oval reserve engraved J. Leliska, in Prag, the case with engraved scroll-outline hinged handle above decorated raised panel and four conical finials to top over bevel arch-glazed front door with scallop shell decorated apron and anthemion panel infill to upper quadrants flanked by channel moulded corner uprights to front, the sides centred with double scallop shell and foliate scroll motifs, the rear with frosted gilt hinged door, on channel moulded skirt base fitted with block feet, 9cm (3.5ins) high excluding handle. Charles Le Roy was born in 1709 and became Maitre in 1733, he initailly worked from rue des Prescheurs but by 1745 he had moved to rue St. Denis. Le Roy took in his son, Etienne-Augustin, as partner in around 1758. The firm's clocks and watches were however still signed 'Charles Le Roy' (even after the death of Charles in 1771) until the business was sold to Gaspard Cachard in 1792. The firm were appointed Horloger du Roi to Louis XVI and became particularly well known for the quality of their movements and collaborations with leading ebenistes and bronziers to create the finest and most fashionable timepieces for their aristocratic clients.

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A French small engraved gilt brass carriage

Lot 42: A French small engraved gilt brass carriage

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Description: A French small engraved gilt brass carriage timepiece with alarm, Signed for F. Cox Savory and Le Roy and Fils, Paris, early 19th century, The circular gilt single fusee full plate verge watch type movement with four hexagonal baluster pillars pinned at the rear, three-arm monometallic balance beneath scroll pierced and chased balance bridge, steel pointer for the brass regulation disc and stamped F. COX SAVORY, A PARIS to backplate, set above a separate alarm mechanism with spring barrel within rectangular plates stamped with repeat signature to the rear and with external curved baton hammer sounding on the interior of the case, the rectangular silvered Roman numeral dial with blued steel moon hands and plain alarm setting hand adjusted via pump action button to the top of the case above engraved retail signature LE ROY & FILS H. DU ROY, PALAIS ROYAL, REVEIL to lower margin, the engraved gilt brass case with leafy-bud centred hinged scroll outline handle to the foliate motif engraved top panel above glazed front with simple narrow geometric milled line border and sides engraved with further rococo scrolls, the rear with vertically sliding panel fitted with shuttered winding holes and stamped 1155 to inside surface, on ogee moulded skirt base, 10cm (4ins) high excluding handle. The firm of 'Le Roy & Fils' can be traced back to 1785 when the business was founded by Basille Charles Le Roy at 60 Galerie de Pierre, Palais Royal, Paris. During the Revolutionary years the firm moved to 88 Rue de L'Egalite before finally settling at Galerie Montpensier, 13 and 15 Palais Royal. In 1828 Basille Charles died leaving the business to his son, Charles-Louis, who continued producing clocks signed 'Le Roy & Fils' until 1845 when the company was sold to his former employee Casimir Halley Desfontaines. The name F. Cox Savory does not specifically appear in the usual sources however several clocks signed with this name, along with the address '47 Cornhill London', are known suggesting that he was connected with the retail jeweller Thomas Cox Savory who is recorded in Loomes, Brian Watchmakers & Clockmakers of the World, Volume 2 as working from this address in 1838, and then 1851-7, and was known to have an outlet in Paris. The manner in which the current lot is signed suggests that it was perhaps supplied by the Paris based outlet of Cox Savory for retail by LeRoy and Fils. A related alarm timepiece is illustrated in Allix, Charles CARRIAGE CLOCKS Their history and development on pages 123-4 (plates V/26 and V/27).

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A fine French chased gilt brass carriage clock, Le

Lot 43: A fine French chased gilt brass carriage clock, Le

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Description: A fine French chased gilt brass carriage clock, Le Roy and Fils, Paris, circa 1845, The eight-day two train bell striking movement with substantial transverse gilt platform lever escapement and unusual vertical engraved signature N. 3294. LE ROY & FILS H'GERS DU ROI A PARIS to the right hand edge of the backplate, the rectangular white enamel Roman numeral dial with blued steel moon hands and signed Le Roy & Fils, H'RE DU ROI A PARIS to lower margin, the crisply chased gilt brass bevel glazed case with unusual clasped-hand foliate cast hinged handle above large glazed top aperture set within a border decorated in relief with repeating rosettes over bound laurel chased cornice moulding and acanthus decorated surrounds to the glazed panels, the rear with gilt brass plate pierced for winding and with regulation adjustment slide, on repeating lotus bud and rosette cast skirt base with conforming laurel decorated top moulding and grotesque mask feet to angles, the base of the case stamped with conforming serial number 3294, 15cm (6ins) high excluding handle. The firm of 'Le Roy & Fils' can be traced back to 1785 when the business was founded by Basille Charles Le Roy at 60 Galerie de Pierre, Palais Royal, Paris. During the Revolutionary years the firm relocated to 88 Rue de L'Egalite before finally settling at Galerie Montpensier, 13 and 15 Palais Royal. In 1828 Basille Charles died leaving the business to his son, Charles-Louis, who continued producing clocks signed 'Le Roy & Fils' until 1845 when the firm was sold to his former employee Casimir Halley Desfontaines; who in turn was succeeded by his son M. George Halley Desfontaines in 1883. In 1888 M. George Halley died leaving the business to his brother Jules Halley who then took-in as a partner Louis Leroy (apparently no relation to the founders of the firm). In 1899 the firm left Palais Royal and moved to Boulevard de La Madeleine where it continued trading in the hands of various successors until well into the 20th century.

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A rare gilt brass mid-sized carriage timepiece

Lot 44: A rare gilt brass mid-sized carriage timepiece

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Description: A rare gilt brass mid-sized carriage timepiece with bottom wind, Le Roy and Fils, Paris, late 19th century, The eight-day single train movement with silvered platform lever escapement and wound via contrate wheel connected to a large fixed key engraved LE ROY & FILS, PATENT 9501 fitted within the underside of the case, the backplate stamped 7298 and with rectangular white Roman numeral enamel dial with blued steel trident hour hand and signed LE ROY & FILS, 57 New Bond Street, MADE IN FRANCE, Palais-Royal, PARIS to lower margin, the bevel glazed gilt brass corniche type case with hinged carrying handle, 12.5cm (5ins) high excluding handle. The firm of 'Le Roy & Fils' can be traced back to 1785 when the business was founded by Basille Charles Le Roy at 60 Galerie de Pierre, Palais Royal, Paris. During the Revolutionary years the firm relocated to 88 Rue de L'Egalite before finally settling at Galerie Montpensier, 13 and 15 Palais Royal. In 1828 Basille Charles died leaving the business to his son, Charles-Louis, who continued producing clocks signed 'Le Roy & Fils' until 1845 when the firm was sold to his former employee Casimir Halley Desfontaines; who in turn was succeeded by his son M. George Halley Desfontaines in 1883. In 1888 M. George Halley died leaving the business to his brother Jules Halley who then took-in as a partner Louis Leroy (apparently no relation to the founders of the firm). In 1899 the firm left Palais Royal and moved to Boulevard de La Madeleine where it continued trading in the hands of various successors until well into the 20th century. The keyless bottom-wind system fitted to the current lot is described in Allix, Charles CARRIAGE CLOCKS, Their history and development pages 219-21.

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A French Louis XVI style porcelain mounted ormolu

Lot 45: A French Louis XVI style porcelain mounted ormolu

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Description: A French Louis XVI style porcelain mounted ormolu mantel clock , Le Roy et Fils, late 19th century. The circular eight-day bell striking movement stamped LEROY & FILS, A PARIS, 434 to backplate and with rectangular porcelain dial painted with cherubs in flight to centre within cobalt blue ground and 'jewelled' gilt scroll bordered Roman cartouche numeral chapter ring with elaborate leafy scroll infill to upper quadrants and shaped panel painted with a courting couple in 18th century dress within a naturalistic garden setting to lower margin, the rectangular case with elaborate multi-knop gilt artichoke finial and generous acanthus cast ogee moulded top above female mask capped tapered monopodia uprights with hoof feet to the canted angles and rectangular porcelain panels painted with figures in 18th century dress within 'jewelled' gilt and cobalt blue borders and leaf chased surround to sides, on laurel bordered skirt base with projecting canted angles and toupe feet, 32.5cm (12.75ins) high

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A French Sevres style porcelain inset ormolu

Lot 46: A French Sevres style porcelain inset ormolu

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Description: A French Sevres style porcelain inset ormolu mantel clock, Jean-Baptiste Delettrez, Paris, circa 1875, The circular eight-day bell striking movement with Brocot type pendulum regulation and stamped with oval J.B.D trademark above serial number 26737, 16-2 to backplate, the circular white enamel Roman numeral dial with blued steel moon hands set within a repeating lotus leaf bezel.The case with polychrome floral spray painted pink ground oval porcelain finial with flame terminal and lotus carved collar over cavetto moulded panel upstand flanked by artichoke finials, the front with egg-and-dart cast cornice above acanthus cast upper spandrel mounts and shaped inset porcelain panel decorated with cherubs in flight beneath dial, the sides with projecting D section panels painted with ribbon tied trophy to one side opposing conforming lovebird and nest decoration within burnished gilt borders and pink ground to the other, on elaborate deeply chased acanthus moulded skirt base incorporating applied foliate scroll cast mounts and toupe feet, 35.5cm (14ins) high; on giltwood stand and oval ebonised wood base supporting the glass dome cover, 48cm (19ins) high overall

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A fine French Sevres style porcelain inset ormolu

Lot 47: A fine French Sevres style porcelain inset ormolu

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Description: A fine French Sevres style porcelain inset ormolu mantel clock, Jean-Baptiste Delettrez, Paris, circa 1865, The circular eight-day bell striking movement with Brocot type pendulum regulation and stamped with oval J.B.D trademark above serial number 31209, 21-9 to backplate, the circular porcelain dial finely painted with a cherub in flight to centre within gilt bordered pink ground Roman numeral cartouche chapter ring and bead cast bezel, the arch-shaped case with cylindrical moulded upstand supporting twin handled urn surmount applied with porcelain plaque portrait of a lady in 18th century dress and flanked by cast floral trails and swags applied to the sides of the arch, the front with arched gilt-edged floral trail decorated panel over dial flanked by further female portaits and conforming floral inserts with shaped panel of a cherub in flight beneath dial between, the sides with bowed porcelain panels finely painted with musical trophies within pink ground gilt borders, the elaborate skirt base with richly chased foliate top moulding and inset with an arrangement of further porcelain panels, on cast toupe feet with foliate apron between to front, 49.5cm (19.5cm) high; with gilt painted wood stand applied with engraved brass presentation plaque dated 1869, 54cm (21.25ins) high overall

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A French gilt brass and champleve enamel mantel

Lot 48: A French gilt brass and champleve enamel mantel

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Description: A French gilt brass and champleve enamel mantel clock garniture, Unsigned, circa 1900, The circular eight-day gong striking movement stamped with VINCENTI & CIE, MEDAILLE D'ARGENT roundel over number 2579, 3 7 to backplate, the dial with light yellow, puce and light blue enamel rosette to centre within gilt Arabic numeral chapter ring and engine-turned hinged bevel-glazed circular bezel, the case with sky blue ground polychrome floral panel enamelled ogee shaped upstand and turned finials above acanthus cast cornice and conforming foliate enamel infill within cobalt blue border and leafy bud spandrel decoration to front and sides, on egg-and-dart moulded skirt base decorated with further floral panels to the shaped apron and with leaf cast squab feet, 28.5cm (11.25ins) high; with a pair of gilt brass and champleve enamel candlesticks en suite, each overall decorated with polychrome floral enamel decoration and formed with hexagonal section nozzle and square drip pan above tapered square section baluster upright on swept ogee moulded base with squab feet, 19.5cm (7.75ins) high

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A French brass and champleve enamelled mantel

Lot 49: A French brass and champleve enamelled mantel

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Description: A French brass and champleve enamelled mantel clock, The movement by S. Marti and Cie, Paris, late 19th century, The circular eight-day gong striking movement stamped with S. Marti et Cie, MEDAILLE D'ARGENT, 1889 roundel and circular R C flanking caduceus trademark for Richard et Cie above number 192, 3 6 to backplate, the cream enamelled Arabic numeral dial with polychrome enamelled rosette to centre and blued steel hands set within hinged bevel-glazed brass bezel, the rectangular case with concave sided cobalt blue ground polychrome scroll enamelled conical surmount raised on six baluster supports and flanked by spire finials above cavetto cornice and conforming enamelled infill to front panel around dial flanked by slender multi-knop turned baluster uprights to the canted front and rear angles, on stepped moulded skirt base with disc feet, 28.5cm (11.25ins) high

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A French gilt brass and champleve enamel mounted

Lot 50: A French gilt brass and champleve enamel mounted

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Description: A French gilt brass and champleve enamel mounted green onyx four-glass mantel clock garniture, The movement by S. Marti and Cie, Paris, late 19th century, The eight-day circular gong striking movement stamped with S. Marti et Cie, MEDAILLE D'ARGENT 1889 roundel, oval A.1 trademark and numbers 4486, 5 and 2 to backplate and with polychrome enamelled gilt brass twin glass capsule mercury 'compensated' pendulum, the gilt dial with rosette decorated centre, Arabic cartouche numerals and steel hands within conforming enamelled bezel, the bevel-glazed case with humped onyx pediment applied with winged motif above leaf cast cornice and twin putto caryatid mounts incorporating sky and cobalt blue ground polychrome enamelled panels and moulded bases to the canted front angles, on skirt base with further band of enamel decoration forming the canted top moulding and generous foliate case squab feet, 34cm (13.5ins) high; with a pair of ovoid urn side pieces en suite, each with gilt flared neck applied with scroll cast lion's mask side handles and on stepped skirt base incorporating canted polychrome enamelled band and foliate cast squab feet, 27cm (10.5ins) high

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