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Early American History Auctions: August 24, 2013

by Early American


518 lots with images

August 24, 2013

Live Auction

P. O. Box 3507

Rancho Santa Fe, CA, 92067 USA

Phone: 00 1 858 759 3290

Fax: 00 1 858 759 1439

Email: auctions@earlyamerican.com

518 Lots
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JOHN ADAMS 2nd President of the United States Clipped Signature

Lot 1: JOHN ADAMS 2nd President of the United States Clipped Signature

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Description: AutographsSignature of "John Adams" 2nd United States PresidentJOHN ADAMS (1735 - July 4, 1826). 2nd President of the United States (1797-1801), American Founding Father, Lawyer, Statesman, Diplomat and Leading Champion of American Independence in 1776, Defended the British Soldiers involved in the "Boston Massacre," a Leading Federalist.This is an original, fully authentic 2.75" x .75" Clipped Signature, "John Adams", no date or place, Choice Very Fine. The 2.25" long Signature is cut from a larger document, beautifully and clearly written in rich brown ink upon clean period laid paper. A very nice premium quality example.

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Autograph, LORD JEFFERY AMHERST. 1796-Dated, Manuscript Document Signed Twice

Lot 2: Autograph, LORD JEFFERY AMHERST. 1796-Dated, Manuscript Document Signed Twice

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Description: AutographsBritish Commander-in-Chief of North America and the British Army Lord Jeffrey AmherstLORD JEFFERY AMHERST. English soldier; British Commander-in-Chief of North America; Governor General of British North America, and Commander-in-Chief of the British Army. January 22, 1796-Dated, Manuscript Document Signed, "Amherst" twice, 4 pages, measuring a large size 13" x 18.75", Choice Very Fine. A Land transaction involving four parties. Amherst signs on page 3 next to a well preserved example of his red wax seal, and also Signs again on the verso. Some modest splits along horizontal folds, overall beautifully and boldly Handwritten is rich brown and nicely signed. Four bold red wax seals located at the main signatures add great color and eye appeal to this document.Jeffrey Amherst became know as the first military strategist to knowingly engage in biological warfare of the era. Most infamous was Amherst's use of smallpox-infected blankets to spread the deadly disease among Native Americans during the French and Indian War.Amherst is remembered foremost for victory against the French in the Seven Years' War, culminating in the surrender of Montreal-after which Amherst named his estate-and Canada by the French to the British in 1760. This triumph was matched in magnitude by the notoriety he gained through his mishandling of Indian affairs following the war. Amherst ignored British Superintendent of Indian Affairs Sir William Johnson's advice to continue the tradition of gift exchange with British-allied Indians following the surrender of Canada.Amherst believed in the efficacy of punishment for poor behavior instead of rewards for good behavior. Thus, he curtailed gift-giving and would eventually become the first military strategist to knowingly engage in biological warfare. Most infamous was Amherst's use of smallpox-infected blankets to spread the deadly disease among Native Americans.Western Indians had begun a series of frontier attacks known as Pontiac's Rebellion in the spring of 1763. After this pan-native uprising enjoyed some success, Amherst suggested to Colonel Henry Bouquet that the British might expose the rebelling Indians to smallpox.Bouquet suggested infected blankets as an effective means of achieving Amherst's goal, a supposition that proved correct when a smallpox epidemic engulfed Ohio Valley natives a few months later. Although exact numbers are difficult to ascertain, typically three-quarters of the population died in such outbreaks.Although Amherst became the governor of Virginia in 1759 as a reward for his military success, he never served in the role, returning to Britain in November 1763. He was later twice asked to return to North America to lead Britain's efforts to put down the Patriot rebellion, but he declined, first in 1775 and again in 1778.

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Original BEATLES' PRESS PASS Signed ALL FOUR BEATLES, JOHN, PAUL, GEORGE & RINGO

Lot 3: Original BEATLES' PRESS PASS Signed ALL FOUR BEATLES, JOHN, PAUL, GEORGE & RINGO

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Description: AutographsALL FOUR BEATLES JOHN, PAUL, GEORGE & RINGO BEATLES: JOHN LENNON, PAUL McCARTNEY, GEORGE HARRISON and RINGO STARR.August 19, 1966-Dated, Partially-Printed Blue Card stock Official "BEATLES' PRESS CONFERENCE" PASS, Choice Extremely Fine. This Pass was made out to and signed by Don McLeod of the Associated Press. His assignment was to attend a BEATLES Press Conference at the Mid-South Coliseum, August 19, 1966 at 7:00 PM. This Serial Number 2, 5.5" x 3" Press Pass has its left side coupon stub fully intact. It amazingly has been personally Hand signed upon the reverse by All Four of The BEATLES, John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr in blue ball-point pen. Each signature is very clear and easily readable upon the very clean blank reverse. Overall, this Signed Press Pass has been well cared for and is crisp, clean and in excellent quality. Well worthy of display. Accompanied by authentication by Drew V. Max, a Certified Forensic Document Examiner, with his registered Certificate of Authenticity, serial number A21956.

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1764 JOSIAH BARTLETT Signer of the Declaration of Independence Document Signed

Lot 4: 1764 JOSIAH BARTLETT Signer of the Declaration of Independence Document Signed

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Description: Autographs1764 Partly-Printed Document Signed By "Josiah Bartlett"JOSIAH BARTLETT (1729-1795). Signer of the Declaration of Independence, American Physician and Statesman, Delegate to the Continental Congress for New Hampshire and later Chief Justice of the New Hampshire Superior Court of Judicature and Governor of the State.June 14, 1764-Dated French & Indian War period, Partly-printed Document Signed, "Josiah Bartlett," (Kingston, New Hampshire), measuring 12.25" x 7.75", Choice Very Fine. Bartlett signs as witness to a deed, in which Samuel Hunton Junior sells his interest in the estate of John Clark to Benjamin Loverein. Bartlett writes in his hand above his signature, "In witness whereof I Do hereunto set / my hand & seal this fourteenth Day of June one / thousand seven Hundred & sixty four & in the / fourth year of his Majesties Reign / Signed Sealed & Delivered/ In Presence of us." Another witness has signed under Bartlett. Lightly toned with scattered stains. An early "Josiah Bartlett" signature from this Declaration of Independence Signer.

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JAMES BUCHANAN, 15th President of the United States Beautiful Clipped Signature

Lot 5: JAMES BUCHANAN, 15th President of the United States Beautiful Clipped Signature

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Description: Autographs15th President "James Buchanan" Clipped Signature JAMES BUCHANAN (1791-1868). 15th President of the United States (1857-1861). His Indecisiveness is often cited as a significant factor contributing to the outbreak of the US Civil War.This is an original, authentic 4.25" x 1.75" Clipped Signature, "James Buchanan," no date or place, Choice Extremely Fine. Signature cut from a larger Partially-Printed official document of some type. This extremely clean, fresh and pleasing Handwritten signature measures a huge 4" long and is beautifully presented in rich brown ink. Mounted to a 4.5" x 2.25" piece of heavier card stock. A great example for display.

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GEORGE H W BUSH, 41st President of the United States Signed VP Card

Lot 6: GEORGE H W BUSH, 41st President of the United States Signed VP Card

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Description: AutographsSigned Vice President of the United States CardGEORGE H.W. BUSH. 41st President of the United States.Pristine Embossed, "The Vice President of the United States of America," Official Printed Card Signed, measuring 6" x 3.5", no date or place (Washington, DC), Superb Crisp Mint. Includes a 8" x 10.5" Printed color sketch of Bush. (2 items).

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ABRAHAM CLARK (1726-1794). Signer of the Declaration of Independence from NJ

Lot 7: ABRAHAM CLARK (1726-1794). Signer of the Declaration of Independence from NJ

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Description: AutographsFounding Father Abraham Clark Signed DocumentABRAHAM CLARK (1726-1794). Signer of the Declaration of Independence from New Jersey, Member of the New Jersey Provincial Congress, Member of the Continental Congress, Framer and Lawyer, a Founding Father of the United States.Autograph Document Signed "Abra. Clark, Sheriff", 6" x 3.5", Very Fine. An endorsement on the verso of part of a legal document which reads, in full:"I hereby Authorize Deputy Joseph Headley to serve the written Writt at the Risque of the Plaintiff." A light brown pen stroke crosses the text and first two letters of his deep bold brown 2.5" long signature "Abra. Clark, Sheriff".A nice short simple signed document that is clean and nice for display.Abraham Clark (February 15, 1726 - September 15, 1794) was an American politician and Revolutionary War figure. He was delegate for New Jersey to the Continental Congress where he Signed the Declaration of Independence, and later served in the United States House of Representatives in both the Second and Third United States Congress, from March 4, 1791, until his death in 1794.Abraham was born in Elizabethtown, New Jersey. His father, Thomas Clark, realized that he had a natural grasp for math so he hired a tutor to teach Abraham surveying. While working as a surveyor, he taught himself law and went into practice. He became quite popular and became known as "the poor man's councilor" as he offered to defend poor men when they couldn't afford a lawyer.Clark married Sarah Hatfield in 1748, with whom he had 10 children. While Hatfield raised the children on their farm, Clark was able to enter politics as a clerk of the Provincial Assembly. Later he became High Sheriff of Essex County and in 1775 was elected to the Provincial Congress. He was a member of the Committee of Public Safety.Early in 1776, the New Jersey delegation to the Continental Congress was opposed to independence from Great Britain. As the issue heated up, the state convention replaced all their delegates with those favoring the separation. Because Clark was highly vocal on his opinion that the colonies should have their independence, on June 21, 1776, they appointed him, along with John Hart, Francis Hopkinson, Richard Stockton and John Witherspoon as new delegates. They arrived in Philadelphia on June 28, 1776, and Signed the Declaration of Independence in early July.Two of Clark's sons were officers in the Continental Army. He refused to speak of them in Congress, even when they both were captured, tortured, and beaten. However, there was one instance when Clark did bring them up and that was when one of his sons was put on the prison ship, Jersey, notorious for its brutality. Captain Clark was thrown in a dungeon and given no food except that which was shoved through a keyhole. Congress was appalled and made a case to the British and his conditions were improved.Clark remained in the Continental Congress through 1778, when he was elected as Essex County's Member of the New Jersey Legislative Council. New Jersey returned him twice more, from 1780 to 1783 and from 1786 to 1788. Clark retired before the state's Constitutional Convention in 1794. He died from sunstroke at his home.(From Wikipedia)

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JONATHAN CORWIN, SALEM WITCH TRIALS Judge, 1705 Salem + STEPHEN SEWELL Signed

Lot 8: JONATHAN CORWIN, SALEM WITCH TRIALS Judge, 1705 Salem + STEPHEN SEWELL Signed

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Description: AutographsSalem Witch Trial Judge "Jonathan Corwin" Signed 1705 Manuscript Document at Salem, Massachusetts; Owner of "THE SALEM WITCH HOUSE" The Historic MuseumJONATHAN CORWIN (1640-1718). Wealthy New England Merchant, Politician, and Magistrate, One of the Main and most Historic Judges for the infamous "Salem Witch Trials" of 1692 which ultimately sent Nineteen to the gallows. Plus... Also Signed By:STEPHEN SEWELL. Clerk of Courts for the Salem Witch Trials.January 18, 1705-Dated, Manuscript Document Signed, "Jonathan Corwin," at Salem, (MA), and ''Steph Sewall'' as Clerk, on the blank reverse panel Court docket, 1 page, measuring 12" x 15", Very Fine. This original Land Sale Legal Document is in exceptional quality for virtually any paper item of that vintage. It is well written in medium to dark brown upon period laid paper. It is fully readable and has full margins with its original red wax seals present at lower right. Folded as is typical with only some trivial, tiny fold wear holes and tone at the centerfold. It appears whole and solid, with the signatures of two witnesses to this Land Sale transaction, William Osborne and Samuel Southwick (c. 1657-1709) of Salem having executed the document for John Southwick, who signs at bottom right.This settlement is between John Southwick and wife on one side, and John Osborne on the other. Southwick was a blacksmith. The deed sells land near Capt. Samuel Garner to John Osborne for one pound and some shillings. There is an extensive description of the legal action. Corwin signs at the bottom with a clear bold signature after writing an additional note of some 30+ words and signing for Osborne near Osborne's X. The bottom paragraph is completely written in the hand of Jonathan Corwin. It is the most vivid deep brown portion of this entire document and reads, in part: "Josu. Southwick pursonally appeared this 5th December, 1705 Before me ye Subscriber (being One of His Majesty's Justices for the County) acknowledged ye above written Judgement... (Signed) Jonathan Corwin". The signature "Jonathan Corwin" is quite outstanding. It is boldly written in deep brown with heavy inking and measures a huge 4" long. It is easily visible and readable from a number of feet away, thus is also excellent for display. No recent records of the sale of any Johnathan Corwin signed item has been located for comparison.Stephen Sewell Signs as Recorder for Essex County, upon the blank reverse side panel with its official record docket. Twelve years prior, Sewall served as Clerk in the Court of ''Oyer & Terminer'' in Salem Town, site of the most notorious of the collective ''Salem Witch Trials'' at which Jonathan Corwin was a Judge. Having two historic and important figures signatures upon this one document is of major significance and value to collectors.This example is exceedingly rare and historic, specially being such an early 1705 Legal Document from Salem and so prominent in how excellent it is signed.The Jonathan Corwin House is known today as "The Witch House" located at 310 1/2 Essex Street, Salem, Massachusetts. It is the now very famous Home of Witch Trials Judge, Jonathan Corwin. Now run as a Museum, "The Witch House," home of Judge Jonathan Corwin, is the only structure still standing in Salem with direct ties to the Witchcraft Trials of 1692.As a local magistrate and civic leader, Corwin was called upon to investigate the claims of diabolical activity when a surge of Witchcraft accusations arose in Salem and neighboring communities. He served on the Court of Oyer and Terminer, which ultimately sent Nineteen (19) to the gallows. All nineteen refused to admit to Witchcraft and maintained their innocence. Judge Corwin, buried in the nearby Broad Street Cemetery, purchased the structure in 1675 when he was 24 years old and lived there for more than forty years. The house remained in the Corwin family until the mid-1800's. His later work also included service as an Associate Justice of the Massachusetts Superior Court of Judicature, the highest court of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. Most of Corwin's signatures remaining are in the Peabody Essex Museum. Several fires in the Salem court house destroyed many documents, including, no doubt, Corwin's. A remarkable "Jonathan Corwin" Signed Manuscript Document at Salem, Massachusetts by the owner of the famous "SALEM WITCH HOUSE". This one Document includes both Stephen Sewall who served as Clerk in the Court of ''Oyer & Terminer'' in Salem Town, during ''Salem Witch Trials'' and at which "Jonathan Corwin" was a Judge, upon this one document is of major significance and value to collectors. This original 1705 dated Signed Document at Salem should easily meet and likely will exceed our estimate range.Jonathan Corwin (also Curwin or Corwen, November 14, 1640 - June 9, 1718) was a wealthy New England merchant, politician, and magistrate. He is best known as one of the judges involved in the Salem witch trials of 1692, although his later work also included service as an Associate Justice of the Massachusetts Superior Court of Judicature, the highest court of the Province of Massachusetts Bay.Home of Witch Trials Judge Jonathan Corwin is known today as "The Witch House," the only structure still standing in Salem with direct ties to the Witchcraft Trials of 1692. As a local magistrate and civic leader, Corwin was called upon to investigate the claims of diabolical activity when a surge of witchcraft accusations arose in Salem and neighboring communities. He served on the Court of Oyer and Terminer, which ultimately sent nineteen to the gallows. All nineteen refused to admit to witchcraft and maintained their innocence.When reports of Witchcraft began circulating in Essex County beginning on late 1691, Corwin was one of the magistrates called on to make preliminary inquiries into the reports. He and John Hathorne, another local magistrate, held hearings in early March 1692 in which testimony was gathered from Tituba, Sarah Good, and Sarah Osborne, the first three women accused of being Witches.Due to the uncertain constitutionality of the Massachusetts government in 1692 (its charter was vacated in 1684, and it had reformed with the charter following the 1689 Boston revolt that ended Dominion rule of Sir Edmund Andros). There was a reluctance among Colonial leaders to establish courts to hear the cases until Sir William Phips arrived in May 1692 with the charter that established the Province of Massachusetts Bay.By this time a significant number of people had been jailed on accusations of Witchcraft in the Salem area. Phips, who was appointed Governor of the province, as one of his early acts established a special court of Court of Oyer and Terminer to hear the accumulated cases. Corwin was not initially assigned to the court, but when Nathaniel Saltonstall resigned in protest over the first hanging, Phips assigned Corwin to the panel.Corwin signed several arrest warrants. He also transcribed a few of the hearings, but scarcity of records from the 1692 events makes it impossible to determine Corwin's overall role in the trials, as well as his attitude toward the acceptance in court of spectral evidence, the idea that actions seen in visions could be an indicator of Witchcraft.The special court convicted nineteen of Witchcraft and sentenced them to the gallows before it was disbanded in October 1692. The provincial court system was set up in January 1693, with the Superior Court of Judicature, the province's high court, hearing the remaining witchcraft cases."The Witch House," Salem, Massachusetts is an excellent example of seventeenth-century architecture. Judge Corwin, buried in the nearby Broad Street Cemetery, purchased the structure in 1675 when he was 24 years old and lived there for more than forty years. The house remained in the Corwin family until the mid-1800's. In 1944, the threatened destruction of The Witch House became the catalyst that launched a new wave of restoration in Salem. A group of concerned citizens raised the $42,500 needed to move and restore the building. The new museum officially opened to the public in 1948. Today, Witch House tours blend information about seventeenth-century lifestyles, furnishings, and architecture with fascinating insights into the events of 1692. Visitors gain a deeper comprehension of the lives of those involved in the Witchcraft Trials through examination of the material culture of the period. (Salem Witch House Website)

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DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE Rare 1843 Peter Force Printing on Rice Paper

Lot 9: DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE Rare 1843 Peter Force Printing on Rice Paper

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Description: AutographsBeautiful Printing of Peter Force's Historic Rice Paper "Declaration of Independence" From "American Archives"DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. (1843) Peter Force Printing, From the Original Plate with "W.J. Stone SC. WASHn." Imprint. Crisp Rice Paper. Choice Extremely Fine.This is a highly important opportunity to obtain one of the best, and earliest, original copies of one of America's greatest documents. This original, very beautiful and impressive, crisp rice paper copy of The Declaration of Independence, measures 30" high x 25.5" wide. It is one of the nicest we've seen or handled and is removed from its book for display. Slight creases in the rice paper from its original folded position within the book, which attests to its full, absolute authenticity. It has the "W.J. Stone SC. WASHn." plate imprint at the lower left.In 1843, Peter Force used the original Stone copperplate to print additional copies of the Declaration of Independence on rice paper for inclusion in Volume I of his multi-volume book "American Archives." Congress authorized up to 1500 copies of that book to be printed, but subscriptions fell far short of that number. The actual number of copies printed is unknown, with estimates ranging from about 500 copies to upwards of 1,000 copies. All examples of the rice paper Declaration were folded for insertion in the inside front cover of Volume I of the Fifth Series, but today, most have been removed. It is not known how many of the rice paper copies could have survived. Speculation suggests estimates of fewer than half of this printing have survived, in varying states of preservation.The Stone and Force copies represent a double-edged sword. Certainly, they allowed additional people and institutions to obtain an identical facsimile of this most beloved of all historic American documents, but Stone's Wet-Ink transfer process contributed to the deterioration of the original signed copy of the Declaration. Parchment does not respond well to water. The unfortunate result is that the Declaration of Independence, now on display in Washington, DC, is a rather sad-looking, faded document. Conversely, the Stone and Force printings that have survived are much nicer in appearance and they generally retain the fresh appearance with which the original was once endowed.As you read this information, there are three other noted manuscript dealers offering similar examples priced at $48,500, $48,000 and $46,000. This outstanding, exceptionally quality Declaration is should certainly worth our very reasonable estimate range. This beautiful displayable example will sell soon.In 1823, Congress authorized the production of facsimile copies of the Declaration of Independence. Previous writers have claimed that this was done because the document was deteriorating rapidly, but another reason may have been the demand for copies of the document by some of the aging surviving original signers and others. John Quincy Adams, then Secretary of State, oversaw the project.Noted engraver, William J. Stone, was commissioned to use a new Wet-Ink transfer process to create a copper-plate from which facsimile copies could then be made. By wetting the original document, some of the original ink was transferred to the copper-plate, which was then used for printing.Stone printed 201 copies on parchment (or vellum, the same type of material on which the original was handwritten). He kept one for himself (this copy now resides in the Smithsonian), and other copies were distributed to Thomas Jefferson, President James Monroe, members of Congress, surviving original Signers, various colleges and universities, and others. Of the original 201 copies, only 31 examples are currently known to exist, 19 of which are permanently impounded in museums. The remaining dozen vellum examples rarely are offered for sale and today typically bring $500,000 and the last sold for $650,000.

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GROVER CLEVELAND, 22nd + 24th President of the US Signed Card as President

Lot 10: GROVER CLEVELAND, 22nd + 24th President of the US Signed Card as President

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Description: Autographs1887-Dated "Grover Cleveland" Signed Card as PresidentGROVER CLEVELAND (1837 - 1908). 22nd and 24th President of the United States. Cleveland is the only President to serve Two Non-Consecutive terms (1885-1889 & 1893-1897) and therefore is the only individual to be counted twice in the numbering of the Presidents.January 22, 1887-Dated, 3.5" x 2" Card Signed "Grover Cleveland" as President, no place, Crisp Very Fine. This original heavy Card has gilt edges and fairly even overall tone with two faint prior mounting traces in the corners.

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Choice PETER COOPER, Autograph Signature

Lot 11: Choice PETER COOPER, Autograph Signature

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Description: AutographsChoice PETER COOPER, Autograph SignaturePETER COOPER, American Industrialist and Inventor.Autograph Signature, "Peter Cooper," on pale pink paper with blue lines, undated, 2.5" x 4.5," mounted on a slightly larger card, Choice Extremely Fine. This huge vanity signature measures 3.75" in length and 2" in height. Also included, another card on which a previous collector has written: "Peter Cooper - Philadelphia inventor & industrialist. Built 1st locomotive engine constructed on this continent in 1830 -- saving the B & O RR [Baltimore & Ohio Railroad] from bankruptcy." Some light pencil notations at the bottom indicating where and when this piece was obtained.

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1848 RICHARD HENRY DANA JR. Personal Endorsed Check

Lot 12: 1848 RICHARD HENRY DANA JR. Personal Endorsed Check

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Description: Autographs1848 Richard Henry Dana Personal Endorsed CheckRICHARD HENRY DANA, JR. (1815 - 1882). American lawyer and politician from Massachusetts, the author of "Two Years Before the Mast," Abolitionist and defender of Seamen and Fugitive Slaves.December 2, 1848-Dated Partly-Printed Document Signed, Original Bank Check, Choice Extremely Fine. Issued to Richard Henry Dana, Jr. and Signed by him on the back. This blue printed Check is drawn on the State Bank of Boston, Massachusetts, being written by fellow Boston lawyer William Sohier, paying Dana $50. Measures approximately 2" x 6" small cancel at center, some ink smudge at right, overall bright and clean. Though born into a prominent family, in 1834 Richard Henry Dana chose to join a merchant ship bound for the West coast as a seaman and spent two years at various posts in California, then under Mexican rule. He returned to Massachusetts and in 1840, published Two Years Before the Mast about his experiences and travels, still one of the best descriptions of early California while under Mexican control. His book was also useful to the gold seekers of the late 1840's as one of the few useful accounts for California travellers.Back in Boston, he became an attorney and in 1848 helped to found the Abolitionist "Free Soil" Party, which later became part of the Republican Party. In 1854, he unsuccessfully defended the escaped Slave, Anthony Burns, in a famous Federal trial held in Boston challenging the Fugitive Slave Law. Burns was sent back to Virginia, but later purchased by Bostonians to become a Free Black man.After the Civil War, Dana helped to prosecute ex-Confederate President Jefferson Davis. He died in Rome in 1882. His son married the daughter of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.

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MILLARD FILLMORE 13th President of the United States Clipped Full Signature

Lot 13: MILLARD FILLMORE 13th President of the United States Clipped Full Signature

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Description: Autographs"Truly Yours Millard Fillmore" Clipped Full Signature MILLARD FILLMORE (1800 - 1874). 13th President of the United States, serving from 1850 until 1853, and the last member of the Whig Party to hold that office.This is an authentic 4.25" x 1.25" Clipped Full Signature, "Truly Yours Millard Fillmore", no date or place, Choice Extremely Fine+. Signature was cut from a larger document. This magnificent nearly 3" long deep dark brown vivid "Millard Fillmore" Handwritten signature is upon white fresh clean paper that was Mounted to a 4.75" x 1.5" piece of archival fiber paper. A gorgeous, very bold signature.

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Autograph, 1791 Autograph Letter Signed by New York Signer WILLIAM FLOYD

Lot 14: Autograph, 1791 Autograph Letter Signed by New York Signer WILLIAM FLOYD

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Description: Autographs1791 Autograph Letter Signed by "Signer" William FloydWILLIAM FLOYD (1734-1821). Signer of the United States Declaration of Independence, American Politician from New York, Major General of the American Revolutionary War.September 29, 1791-Dated Federal Period, Autograph Letter Signed, "Wm Floyd," at Mastick (Beach, NY), 1 page, measuring 6.5" x 8", Choice Very Fine. Written to Gerard Banckor in New York. Floyd has received his correspondents letter of inquiry, replying, in full:"Sir -- I recd. yours (letter) of the 4th Instant and have Endouvoured (sic) to recollect something of the transaction you mention, but Cannot recollect the Last Circumstances Concerning it. There can be no Doubt of Mr. Curtoneus auditing the Account as it appears on his books - and tho the probability is that it has been paid, tho I do not Remember, Either his auditing or my receiving the money - I think if it was paid you will find my rec(eip)t among your papers of that time. -- (Signed) Wm Floyd." Lot also includes an engraving of Floyd and short description of this letter.Gerard Bancker was the son of Gerard Bancker Sr. and Maria de Peyster, who had married in New York City in 1731. In 1774, as New York City Surveyor, he made a map of St. George's Ferry on Nassau Island. He was Deputy Treasurer from 1776 to 1778, and New York State Treasurer from 1778 to 1798. He collected a large number of Broadsides from the Revolutionary War era which were sold at auction in 1898 in Philadelphia.This is a beautiful, high quality Manuscript Letter, boldly penned in rich deep brown and has an excellent 2" long vivid signature with William Floyd's fancy flourish below.William Floyd was born in Brookhaven, New York Long Island, into a family of English and Welsh origins and took over the family farm when his father died. His great-grandfather Richard Floyd was born in Brecknockshire, Wales in about 1620 and settled in the Province of New York. William Floyd was a member of the Suffolk County Militia in the early stages of the American Revolutionary War, becoming Major General.He was a delegate from New York in the First Continental Congress from 1774 to 1776. He was a member of the New York State Senate (Southern D.) from 1777 to 1788. In March 1789, he was elected to the 1st United States Congress under the new Constitution as an Anti-Administration candidate and served until March 3, 1791.Floyd was a presidential elector in 1792, voting for George Washington and George Clinton.In 1795, Floyd ran for Lieutenant Governor of New York with Robert Yates on the Democratic-Republican ticket, but they were defeated by Federalists John Jay and Stephen Van Rensselaer.Floyd was again a presidential elector in 1800, voting for Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr; and in 1804, voting for Thomas Jefferson and George Clinton.Floyd was again a member of the State Senate (Western D.) in 1808.In 1820, Floyd was again chosen a presidential elector, but did not attend the meeting of the electoral college, and Martin Van Buren was appointed to fill the vacancy.The William Floyd House, the family home, is located in Mastic Beach, is part of Fire Island National Seashore and is open to visitors. The home is located in the middle of extensive woods, grassland and wetlands.

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JOHN T. FORD (Fords Theater) Document Signed, 1883

Lot 15: JOHN T. FORD (Fords Theater) Document Signed, 1883

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Description: AutographsDocument Signed "J.(ohn) T. Ford" of Ford's TheaterJOHN T. FORD. Manager of Ford's Theater where Lincoln was Assassinated on the evening of April 14, 1865.Invoice Autograph Endorsement Signed: "J. T. Ford," July 26, 1883, Baltimore, MD, 1 page, 7" x 8.25", Fine. The invoice has been printed on pictorial stationery of Coolahan & Evans, Furnishing Undertakers, for $87.00 for "Funeral Expenses of Miss Mary McGinn". At the lower left is an Autograph Note Signed: "Wm. E. Starn - Corpus Christie". The document reads, in full: "To Mr. Jno. T. Ford, City Hall, This bill is for the funeral of one of the victims at Tivoli. ($50)" Beneath this, Ford has penned: "The City will pay $50 on account of this bill." Part of Ford's handwriting is somewhat dampstained and along the left portion of the "J" of the signature. Overall this document remains in fine condition.On the night of July 25, 1883, Maryland's worst maritime disaster claimed the lives of 63 people (34 women, 23 children, six men) when a wooden pier at the old Tivoli picnic grounds collapsed. Tivoli was an excursion resort on the Patapsco River, ten miles from Baltimore. John T. Ford had served as a Baltimore city council member and was acting Mayor of the city for two years.

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JAMES A. GARFIELD 20th President of the United States Signed Card

Lot 16: JAMES A. GARFIELD 20th President of the United States Signed Card

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Description: AutographsGorgeous Violet "J. A. Garfield, Hiram, Ohio" Signed CardJAMES A. GARFIELD (1831 - 1881). 20th President of the United States whos Presidency lasted just 200 days, March 4, 1881, until his death on September 19, 1881, as a result of being shot by assassin Charles J. Guiteau on July 2, 1881, the second of four United States Presidents who were assassinated.This colorful and vivid white 5.25" x 2.5" card has a gorgeous deep violet "J. A. Garfield, Hiram, Ohio" Signed , no date, Choice Crisp Near Mint. The signature itself measures about 3.25" long and is excellent for any display and worthy of a strong bid due to its superior quality.

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ULYSSES S. GRANT, 18th President of the United States, Signed Card

Lot 17: ULYSSES S. GRANT, 18th President of the United States, Signed Card

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Description: AutographsImpressive "U.S. Grant" Signed Card ULYSSES S. GRANT (1822-1885). 18th President of the United States, First Lieutenant-General since George Washington, Led the Union Armies to victory in the last years of the Civil War.This is an original authentic 3.5" x 2" Card Signed, "U.S. Grant," no date or place, Choice Crisp Extremely Fine+. Grant's beautiful, flowing large signature measures nearly 3" long and is written in rich brown. The white presentation card stock has not folds, is crisp and sharp with just a hint of tine. A lovely "U.S. Grant" signature for display.

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WARREN G. HARDING, 29th President of the United States, Nice 2 Item Lot

Lot 18: WARREN G. HARDING, 29th President of the United States, Nice 2 Item Lot

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Description: AutographsPresidential Card Signed "Warren G Harding" Two ItemsWARREN G. HARDING (1865-1923). 29th President of the United States, serving from 1921 until his death from a heart attack in 1923.1. A 3.75" x 2.5" Presidential Card Signed "Warren G Harding," no date or place, Choice Crisp Near Mint. This impressive Card has the Official Embossed Gold Seal of the United States at top and just a small trace of a paperclip at the bottom edge.2. Accompanied by a 2 page, 10.5" x 8" Typed Letter Secretarially Signed, "W G Harding" as Senator, dated January 27, 1919, on U.S. Senate Letterhead, Secretarially Signed by George Christian Sr., to an Ohio constituent. Letter has a paperclip mark at top and some fold splits. Regards a Post World War I Food Aid Bill for Germany. (2 items)

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BENJAMIN HARRISON, 23rd President of the United States, Clipped Signature

Lot 19: BENJAMIN HARRISON, 23rd President of the United States, Clipped Signature

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Description: AutographsBenjamin Harrison 23rd President Clipped SignatureBENJAMIN HARRISON (1833-1901). 23rd President of the United States, serving one term from 1889 to 1893.This is an authentic, lovely quality 4.25" x 1" Clipped Signature, "Very Truly Yours. Benj Harrison," no date or place, Choice Extremely Fine. The Signature was cut from a larger document, probable a check and then later Mounted to black background card stock which measures to 5.25" x 1.75". The "Very Truly Yours. Benj Harrison" is very well written in rich brown ink and presents very well.

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RUTHERFORD B. HAYES 19th President of the United States Double Signed Card

Lot 20: RUTHERFORD B. HAYES 19th President of the United States Double Signed Card

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Description: AutographsBack-to Back Double Signed "Rutherford B. Hayes" CardRUTHERFORD B. HAYES (1822 - 1893). 19th President of the United States 1877-1881.This is an original authentic 3.75" x 2.25" Card Signed, "Rutherford B. Hayes" on both sides!, no date or place, Choice Crisp Extremely Fine+. The deep vivid brown ink "Rutherford B. Hayes" beautiful flowing large signature measures nearly 3" long. The white "Rutherford B. Hayes" Presentation Card stock has not folds, is crisp and sharp. A lovely and Exceedingly Rare Double Back-to Back Signature can use either side for display. Apparently, Hayes got confused and simply side this card twice. A really neat "Error" specimen!

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HERBERT HOOVER Thirty-first President of the United States 1938 Political Letter

Lot 21: HERBERT HOOVER Thirty-first President of the United States 1938 Political Letter

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Description: Autographs1938 Political Letter From "Herbert Hoover" to Hamilton Fish "... that ought to sink in to our Democratic friends."HERBERT HOOVER (1874-1964). Thirty-first President of the United States (1929-1933).April 19, 1938-Dated Typed Letter Signed, "Herbert Hoover", 7.25" x 10.5", no place, on Herbert Hoover Letterhead, Very Fine. A letter to Representative Hamilton Fish thanking him for getting an address into the Congressional Record. Letter is very clean and fresh with deep black type and a bold 3" long signature. It reads, in full:"My dear Hamilton: --- I am glad to see that address in the Congressional Record. There are some points in it that ought to sink in to our Democratic friends. It was a very kind thing for you to put it in, and I greatly appreciate it. -- Yours faithfully, (Signed) Herbert Hoover." Accompanied by a Certificate of Authenticity from Global Authentics.

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ANDREW JACKSON Seventh President of the United States Clipped Signature

Lot 22: ANDREW JACKSON Seventh President of the United States Clipped Signature

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Description: AutographsBold and Impressive "Andrew Jackson" Clipped SignatureANDREW JACKSON (1767-1845). Seventh President of the United States (1829-1837), a Politician and Army General who defeated the Creek Indians at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend (1814), and the British at the Battle of New Orleans (1815).This is a very bold and impressive 4.5" x 1" Clipped Signature, "Andrew Jackson" upon white period paper, no date or place, Choice Very Fine. The signature clip is Mounted to a larger 5" x 1.25" Card stock. This full "Andrew Jackson" Signature was clipped from a larger document, measures a huge 4.25" long and is extremely bold appearing due to its deep rich brown colorful ink.

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Autograph, JOHN JAY Signed 1772 New York City Land Indenture

Lot 23: Autograph, JOHN JAY Signed 1772 New York City Land Indenture

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Description: AutographsPleasing JOHN JAY Signed 1772 New York City IndentureJOHN JAY (1745-1829). President and Member of the Continental Congress, American Jurist and Statesman, helped Benjamin Franklin Negotiate the Revolutionary War Peace with Great Britain, Governor of New York, First Chief Justice of the Supreme CourtOriginal Manuscript Document Signed, "John Jay", on watermarked, fine laid paper, May 11, 1772, New York, 2 pages, folio, measuring 14.5" x 10", Very Fine. Complete with integral blank reverse, which is docketed. Being a NY City Land Indenture transferring land located between Broadway and the Quaker Meeting House to an Abraham Schench, Merchant of the same place. John Jay signs as a witness. Some splitting at the folds, edges are quite worn and light foxing, reinforced on verso with archival tape, not affecting signature. A scarce and good looking manuscript Document Signed "John Jay."

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ANDREW JOHNSON. Military Commission Signed Just 5 Days after Lincoln's Death.

Lot 24: ANDREW JOHNSON. Military Commission Signed Just 5 Days after Lincoln's Death.

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Description: AutographsRemarkable President "Andrew Johnson" Signed Military Commission FIVE DAYS After Lincoln's Assassination for Brevet Brigadier General William CoggswellANDREW JOHNSON (1808-1875). 17th President of the United States (April 15th, 1865-1869). Historic Signed Military Commission Just FIVE DAYS after Abraham Lincoln's Assassination.April 20, 1865-Dated, Civil War Period, Partially-Printed Ornate Military Commission Document Signed, "Andrew Johnson" as President, 1 page, on Vellum, at Washington DC, Fine. Nicely framed to an overall size of 17" x 21" and ready for display. This important Document is a Brevet to the rank of Brigadier General for William Cogswell. This Vellum Document is Dated and Signed just FIVE DAYS after Abraham Lincoln's Assassination and just TWO DAYS before the last shot of the Civil War was fired.William Cogswell was a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts and a Colonel in the Union Army during the American Civil War who was awarded the honorary grade of Brevet Brigadier General, U.S. Volunteers. On April 19, 1861, word reached Salem, Massachusetts that the Sixth Massachusetts had been attacked in Baltimore, Maryland while on its way to defend Washington, D.C. Cogswell turned his office into a recruiting station and in 24 hours raised a full company, the first company in the country recruited for the war. This became Company C of the Second Massachusetts Volunteers with Cogswell as Captain in command.The Vellum is fresh and clean in appearance having overall wrinkling and typical fold creases. The signature of "Andrew Johnson" as President has a fold touching the top portion of the first letter in his name and is Handwritten in brown ink. Countersigned by "Edwin Stanton" Secretary of War. The blue official embossed Seal is fully intact at the upper left and the manuscript portions are very light yet readable. A very rare Presidential Appointment to Brigadier General executed just FIVE DAYS after Lincoln's Assassination.William Cogswell was a private in the Second Corps of Cadets, a militia organization of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Cogswell served in the Second Corps of Cadets during the winter of 1860-1861.On April 19, 1861, word reached Salem that the Sixth Massachusetts had been attacked in Baltimore, Maryland while on its way to defend Washington, D.C. Cogswell turned his office into a recruiting station and in 24 hours raised a full company, the first company in the country recruited for the war. This became Company C of the Second Massachusetts Volunteers with Cogswell as Captain in command.Cogswell was commissioned a captain in the Second Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment, May 11, 1861. He was promoted to lieutenant colonel on October 23, 1862, and to colonel on June 25, 1863.Colonel Cogswell was brevetted Brigadier General of Volunteers by appointment of the President on December 12, 1864 to rank from December 15, 1864, and the award of this honorary grade was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on February 14, 1865. Colonel and Brevet Brigadier General Cogswell was mustered out of the U.S. Volunteers on July 24, 1865.(From Wikipedia)

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MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR.1962 Fully Signed American Express Receipt

Lot 25: MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR.1962 Fully Signed American Express Receipt

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Description: Autographs1962 "Martin L King Jr" Signed American Express ReceiptMARTIN LUTHER KING, JR. (January 15, 1929 - April 4, 1968). American Clergyman, Activist, and Leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement, best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience. October 12, 1962-Dated, original Partially-Printed American Express Credit Card Receipt Signed, "Martin L King Jr", measures about 5" x 3.25", Crisp Very Fine. This nicely signed credit card receipt is from the Hyatt House Hotel in Los Angeles, California. Charges total $87.38. It is boldly and very clear, fully signed in blue ball-point pen "Martin L King Jr" measuring a large 2.5" long. This lot also includes a Certificate of Authenticity from Drew V. Max.Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 - April 4, 1968) was an American clergyman, activist, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience. King has become a national icon in the history of American progressivism.A Baptist minister, King became a civil rights activist early in his career. He led the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1957, serving as its first president. With the SCLC, King led an unsuccessful struggle against segregation in Albany, Georgia, in 1962, and organized nonviolent protests in Birmingham, Alabama, that attracted national attention following television news coverage of the brutal police response.King also helped to organize the 1963 March on Washington, where he delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech. There, he established his reputation as one of the greatest orators in American history. He also established his reputation as a radical, and became an object of the Federal Bureau of Investigation's COINTELPRO for the rest of his life. FBI agents investigated him for possible communist ties, recorded his extramarital liaisons and reported on them to government officials, and on one occasion, mailed King a threatening anonymous letter that he interpreted as an attempt to make him commit suicide.On October 14, 1964, King received the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality through nonviolence. In 1965, he and the SCLC helped to organize the Selma to Montgomery marches and the following year, he took the movement north to Chicago. In the final years of his life, King expanded his focus to include poverty and the Vietnam War, alienating many of his liberal allies with a 1967 speech titled "Beyond Vietnam".King was planning a national occupation of Washington, D.C., called the Poor People's Campaign. King was assassinated on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee. His death was followed by riots in many U.S. cities. Allegations that James Earl Ray, the man convicted of killing King, had been framed or acted in concert with government agents persisted for decades after the shooting, and the jury of a 1999 civil trial found Loyd Jowers to be complicit in a conspiracy against King.King was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Congressional Gold Medal posthumously.Martin Luther King, Jr. Day was established as a U.S. Federal holiday in 1986. Hundreds of streets in the U.S. have been renamed in his honor. A memorial statue on the National Mall was opened to the public in 2011.(From Wikipedia)

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MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR.1966 Fully Signed Carte Blanche Receipt Form

Lot 26: MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR.1966 Fully Signed Carte Blanche Receipt Form

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Description: Autographs1962 "Martin L King Jr" Signed Carte Blanche ReceiptMARTIN LUTHER KING, JR. (January 15, 1929 - April 4, 1968). American Clergyman, Activist, and Leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement, best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience. July 17, 1966-Dated, original Carte Blanche Credit Card Receipt Signed "Martin L King Jr", measures 7.25" x 3.25", Extremely Fine. A signed credit card receipt from the Palmer House at Trader Vic's in Chicago, Illinois. Charges total $71.30 including a $10 tip. It is boldly and very clear, fully signed in blue ball-point pen "Martin L King Jr" measuring a large 2.5" long. Includes a Certificate of Authenticity from Drew V. Max.Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 - April 4, 1968) was an American clergyman, activist, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience. King has become a national icon in the history of American progressivism.A Baptist minister, King became a civil rights activist early in his career. He led the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1957, serving as its first president. With the SCLC, King led an unsuccessful struggle against segregation in Albany, Georgia, in 1962, and organized nonviolent protests in Birmingham, Alabama, that attracted national attention following television news coverage of the brutal police response.King also helped to organize the 1963 March on Washington, where he delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech. There, he established his reputation as one of the greatest orators in American history. He also established his reputation as a radical, and became an object of the Federal Bureau of Investigation's COINTELPRO for the rest of his life. FBI agents investigated him for possible communist ties, recorded his extramarital liaisons and reported on them to government officials, and on one occasion, mailed King a threatening anonymous letter that he interpreted as an attempt to make him commit suicide.On October 14, 1964, King received the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality through nonviolence. In 1965, he and the SCLC helped to organize the Selma to Montgomery marches and the following year, he took the movement north to Chicago. In the final years of his life, King expanded his focus to include poverty and the Vietnam War, alienating many of his liberal allies with a 1967 speech titled "Beyond Vietnam".King was planning a national occupation of Washington, D.C., called the Poor People's Campaign. King was assassinated on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee. His death was followed by riots in many U.S. cities. Allegations that James Earl Ray, the man convicted of killing King, had been framed or acted in concert with government agents persisted for decades after the shooting, and the jury of a 1999 civil trial found Loyd Jowers to be complicit in a conspiracy against King.King was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Congressional Gold Medal posthumously.Martin Luther King, Jr. Day was established as a U.S. Federal holiday in 1986. Hundreds of streets in the U.S. have been renamed in his honor. A memorial statue on the National Mall was opened to the public in 2011.(From Wikipedia)

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HENRY LAURENS, 1763 Bold Financial Document Nicely Signed

Lot 27: HENRY LAURENS, 1763 Bold Financial Document Nicely Signed

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Description: Autographs"Henry Laurens" Signed 1763 Bold Financial DocumentHENRY LAURENS (1724 - 1792). Succeeded John Hancock as President of the Congress, Signatory to the Articles of Confederation.June 23, 1763-Dated, Autograph Document Signed, "Henry Laurens," 1 page (written upon both sides by five persons), 12" x 8" page, Charles-Town (South Carolina), Choice Fine. This documents Laurens signing in receipt of monies paid by a George Saxby, the King's Receiver General, in part:"...Two hundred pounds sterling, in One Thousand four hundred & forty two pounds Curr[en]t money by virtue of a power of Attorney from John Rutherford Esqr & Frances his wife as Executors of the last will & Testament of the late Governor Johnston of North Carolina under His Majesty's Warrant to the representatives of the said Governor Johnston."Boldly written in deep rich brown, some irregular ragged edges, not affecting Laurens' text or signature, which are impressively penned and signed. Likely a page from a ledger since the two sides have four other notations, being also similarly signed by other people, as the official statement of payments received from George Saxby. This is a very rare early Document that is very nicely Signed by Henry Laurens.Henry Laurens (1724 - 1792) was an American merchant and rice planter from South Carolina who became a political leader during the Revolutionary War. A Delegate to the Second Continental Congress, Laurens succeeded John Hancock as President of the Congress. He was a signatory to the Articles of Confederation.Laurens had earned part of his wealth by operating the largest Slave-trading house in North America. In the 1750s alone, his Charleston firm oversaw the sale of more than 8,000 enslaved Africans. He was for a time Vice-President of South Carolina and a diplomat to the Netherlands during the Revolutionary War. He was captured at sea and imprisoned for some time by the British in the Tower of London.His son John Laurens, persuaded the Continental Congress to allow Slaves to enlist in exchange for freedom and was authorized to recruit a regiment (3000 men). He believed that Americans could not fight for their own freedom while Slaves were held. After John died during the war, the senior Laurens later freed his Slaves, as his son had urged.

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HENRY LAURENS, Continental Congress President Signed Bold Military Document

Lot 28: HENRY LAURENS, Continental Congress President Signed Bold Military Document

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Description: AutographsContinental Congress President "Henry Laurens" DocumentHENRY LAURENS (1724-1792). Succeeded John Hancock as President of the Continental Congress, Signatory to the Articles of Confederation from South Carolina.(c. 1777-78) Partially-Printed Document Signed, "Henry Laurens" as President of the Continental Congress, on fine-laid period watermarked paper, no date or place (Philadelphia), 1 page, measuring 13.75" x 8.5", Choice Extremely Fine. Boldly countersigned by Charles Thomson, as Secretary. This Document is an unengrossed Congressional Military Commission, "in the Army of the United States, raised for the Defence of American Liberty, and for repelling every hostile Invasion thereof...." Issued, "In Congress" by the delegates of the thirteen original colonies. The two signatures are extremely clear and dark and the paper is nicely printed and very clean with three light vertical folds, blank reverse. Magnificent, 3.75" long full bold deep brown signature "Henry Laurens" PRESIDENT at bottom right. Rare Revolutionary War period Military Document signed by both Laurens and Thomson in outstanding high quality that is perfect for display.Henry Laurens (1724 - 1792) was an American merchant and rice planter from South Carolina who became a political leader during the Revolutionary War. A Delegate to the Second Continental Congress, Laurens succeeded John Hancock as President of the Congress. He was a signatory to the Articles of Confederation.Laurens had earned part of his wealth by operating the largest Slave-trading house in North America. In the 1750s alone, his Charleston firm oversaw the sale of more than 8,000 enslaved Africans. He was for a time Vice-President of South Carolina and a diplomat to the Netherlands during the Revolutionary War. On his way to negotiate a treaty with the Dutch in 1780, he was captured by the British and later exchanged for General Cornwallis (1782). He was captured at sea and imprisoned for some time by the British in the Tower of London.His son John Laurens, persuaded the Continental Congress to allow Slaves to enlist in exchange for freedom and was authorized to recruit a regiment (3000 men). He believed that Americans could not fight for their own freedom while Slaves were held. After John died during the war, the senior Laurens later freed his Slaves, as his son had urged.Charles Thomson (1729-1824) served as Secretary for the Continental Congress for fifteen years, beginning in 1774. His integrity was legendary among the colonists, and also among the Indians, who called him "man of truth." Thomson was the man chosen to notify General Washington of his election to the presidency.Henry Laurens was an export merchant in Charleston, South Carolina. He served in the state assembly and as President of the South Carolina Council of Safety (1775). A member of the Continental Congress (1777-79), he served as president from Nov. 1777-Dec. 1778. On his way to negotiate a treaty with the Dutch in 1780, he was captured by the British and later exchanged for General Cornwallis (1782).Charles Thomson (1729-1824) served as Secretary for the Continental Congress for fifteen years, beginning in 1774. His integrity was legendary among the colonists, and also among the Indians, who called him "man of truth." Thomson was the man chosen to notify General Washington of his election to the Presidency.

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1880 GEORGE WASHINGTON CUSTIS LEE Signed Washington and Lee University Degree

Lot 29: 1880 GEORGE WASHINGTON CUSTIS LEE Signed Washington and Lee University Degree

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Description: AutographsWashington and Lee University Degree Signed "GWC Lee" as President of the University - CSA Robert E Lee's SonGEORGE WASHINGTON CUSTIS LEE (1832-1913). The eldest son of Robert E. Lee and Mary Anna Custis Lee. His grandfather, George Washington Custis, was the step-grandson and adopted son of George Washington. He served as a Confederate General in the American Civil War, primarily as an Aide-de-camp to President Jefferson Davis and succeeded his father as President of Washington and Lee University in Lexington, Virginia.July 9, 1880-Dated, Partially-Printed Document Signed, "GWC Lee" as President of Washington and Lee University, (Lexington) Virginia, Bachelors Degree, on Vellum, 1 page, Very Fine. This historic Document measures 14" x 16" (by sight) having about 4 additional inches of blank selvage at the left and right sides tucked behind. The text printed in Latin. Classic vignette Portraits of George Washington and Robert E Lee on the outer portions of the Masthead, with Liberty Killing a Tyrant with the legend "SIC SEMPER TYRANUS" below. Red paper seal is mostly lacking while the long original blue silk ribbon is fully intact at bottom center.In late 1865, Lee was hired as a professor at the Virginia Military Institute. There are about a dozen signatories to this Degree, some are light. The most prominent and darkest is that of "GWC Lee" who signs at the top left as President of the University. Lee held this position until the death of his father. Between 1871 and 1897, Lee served as the Ninth President of Washington and Lee University. This is a very rare original Vellum Degree.In late 1865, Lee was hired as a professor at the Virginia Military Institute. Lee held this position until the death of his father. Between 1871 and 1897, Lee served as the Ninth President of Washington and Lee University.In 1877, after his father's death, Custis Lee sued in a case that went all the way to the United States Supreme Court to regain title to the family mansion, Arlington House and plantation, which had become Arlington Cemetery. Lee's case, United States v. Lee (106 U.S. 196), was decided in his favor by a 5-4 vote, in 1882. Lee won both the house and the 1,100 acres (4.5 km2) surrounding the mansion. In 1883, Lee sold Arlington House to the United States Government for $150,000.In 1897, Lee resigned as President of Washington and Lee University. He then moved to the home of his late brother, Major General William Henry Fitzhugh Lee, Ravensworth Mansion. Lee died on February 18, 1913 in Alexandria, Virginia, and is buried in the Lee Chapel, near his family members

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ABRAHAM LINCOLN Appoints William Hammond Surgeon General, Rank Brigadier General

Lot 30: ABRAHAM LINCOLN Appoints William Hammond Surgeon General, Rank Brigadier General

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Description: Autographs"Abraham Lincoln" Appointment of William Hammond as "Surgeon General with the rank of Brigadier General"ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 16th President of the United States.April 26, 1862-Dated, Civil War Period Partially-Printed Document signed "Abraham Lincoln" as President and "Edwin M Stanton" as Secretary of War, 1 page, 13.25" x 18.5" (by sight), Washington, Choice Extremely Fine. This being an official Vellum, Ornate Presidential Military Commission for William Hammond appointing him as "Surgeon General with the rank of Brigadier General" for the United States.WILLIAM ALEXANDER HAMMOND (Aug. 28, 1828 - January 5, 1900), Served as the Surgeon General of the United States Army from April 25, 1862 to August 18, 1864. His work attracted the favorable attention of the Sanitary Commission, which, dissatisfied with the administration of the medical service of the army, urged the removal of the incumbent head and the appointment of Hammond in his place. Surgeon General Finley's break with Secretary Stanton brought that opportunity, and despite strong backing for the acting Surgeon General, Colonel R.C. Wood, and a candidate put forward by Secretary Stanton, William Hammond was Appointed Surgeon General on April 25, 1862.This Civil War period Vellum Commission is magnificently framed and housed within a Professional Custom Display. It is mated with a classic image of Lincoln and a black and white image of William Hammond, along with the rarely encountered Original Metal Document Holder Tube in which the Lincoln Commission was delivered, plus an engraved brass information plaque. The overall size measures 33.5" x 30.75" x 4.75" deep. Please note that due to its large size under Plexiglas, shipping this lot intact, complete within its custom display, will add significant added cost and the buyer may consider having the components shipped separately without the display box.The Document itself has been fully Signed, "Abraham Lincoln" as President with both his full first and last name, and "Edwin M Stanton" as Secretary of War having expected light horizontal folds, one affects the Blue Official War Department Seal at upper left. This historic "Abraham Lincoln" Presidential and U.S. Army Military Medical Related Document is vastly superior in quality as compared most of its more common, standard types seen. It appears very fresh and clean, boldly completed, with strong rich deep brown signatures, including an outstanding vivid full "Abraham Lincoln" measuring just over 3" long.A truly historic Civil War period Official Presidential "Abraham Lincoln" Appointment of William Hammond as "Surgeon General with the rank of Brigadier General". A spectacular, very valuable item of significant importance, worthy of museum display.Please ALSO SEE the ZACHARY TAYLOR Signed Presidential Military Commission for William Hammond as Surgeon of the United States Army, also being offered in this auction. (See more information on Hammond online at: www.EarlyAmerican.com) WILLIAM ALEXANDER HAMMOND (Aug. 28, 1828 - January 5, 1900), Surgeon General, April 25, 1862 - August 18, 1864, was born at Annapolis, Md., the son of Dr. John W. and Sarah (Pinkney) Hammond, members of two old Maryland families of Anne Arundel County. When he was about five years old the family moved to Harrisburg, Pa., where his early education was completed at a local academy. He began the study of medicine at sixteen and at twenty was given the degree of M. D. by the medical department of the University of the City of New York.After a year of internship in the Pennsylvania Hospital in Philadelphia, he settled in Saco, Me., for the practice of medicine. He stayed there but a few months when he took the examination for the army medical service and was appointed as assistant surgeon on July 29, 1849. Shortly thereafter he was sent with a body of troops to New Mexico, where during the following three years he served at nine different posts and was engaged a large part of the time in operations against the Indians.After a sick leave spent in study in Europe he was stationed at West Point and later at Fort Meade, Florida, and Fort Riley, Kansas. While at Fort Riley he served as medical director of a large force operating against the Sioux Indians and was medical officer with an expedition which located a road to Bridger's Pass in the Rocky Mountains. From Fort Riley he was transferred to Fort Mackinac in Michigan.During this first ten years of service he devoted his spare hours to physiological and botanical investigation and in 1857 he published an exhaustive essay Experimental Research Relative to the Nutritive Value and Physiological Effects of Albumen Starch and Gum, when Singly and Exclusively Used as a Food, which was awarded the American Medical Association Prize. His growing reputation attracted the attention of the authorities of the University of Maryland and on October 31, 1860, he resigned from the army to accept the chair of anatomy and physiology in the medical school in Baltimore. Here he taught with marked success and practiced his profession until the outbreak of the Civil War. As surgeon to the Baltimore Infirmary he attended the wounded men of the 6th Massachusetts Infantry, who while marching to the defense of Washington were fired upon by a Baltimore mob.He resigned his professorship and on May 28, 1861, he reentered the army as an assistant surgeon at the foot of the list upon which he had formerly held high place. His first Civil War service was as medical purveyor at Frederick, Md. Later he organized the Camden Street Hospital in Baltimore and was then transferred to the command of General Rosecrans in West Virginia where he was made inspector of camps and hospitals.His work in this field attracted the favorable attention of the Sanitary Commission, which, dissatisfied with the administration of the medical service of the army, urged the removal of the incumbent head and the appointment of Hammond in his place. Surgeon General Finley's break with Secretary Stanton brought the opportunity, and despite strong backing for the acting Surgeon General, Colonel R.C. Wood, and a candidate put forward by Secretary Stanton, Hammond was appointed Surgeon General on April 25, 1862.Colonel Wood failing in his greater ambition, asked for the appointment as assistant Surgeon General, which upon Hammond's approval was given him. Shortly, however, friction developed between the two and Wood was relieved from duty in the office, though he retained the title of assistant Surgeon General until October 31, 1865.Major Joseph R. Smith was brought into the office to fill Wood's position. The year and a half of Hammond's actual tenure of the office was marked by an administration of high efficiency and by many important accomplishments. These included a new and vastly enlarged supply table and the provision of hospital clothing for patients. (U.S. Army Medical History)

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ABRAHAM LINCOLN, 16th President of the US, Dated Clipped Signature as President

Lot 31: ABRAHAM LINCOLN, 16th President of the US, Dated Clipped Signature as President

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Description: AutographsPopular Abraham Lincoln Clipped Signature As PresidentABRAHAM LINCOLN (February 12, 1809 - April 15, 1865). 16th President of the United States, serving from March 1861 until his Assassination in April of 1865.Original and authentic, March 9, 1865-Dated, 2.25" x .75" Clipped Signature, "A. Lincoln" as President, no place, Very Fine. This well written deep brown ink Signature has been Mounted to very slightly larger card. The Signature was cut from a larger paper document and has a very prominent "A. Lincoln" with "March 9, 1865" below. This being Signed less than five weeks prior to President Lincoln's Assassination on April 15, 1865.

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MARY TODD LINCOLN, Superb Framed Presentation Cut Signature

Lot 32: MARY TODD LINCOLN, Superb Framed Presentation Cut Signature

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Description: AutographsFramed Presentation Signature "Mrs A. Lincoln"MARY TODD LINCOLN (1818-1882). First Lady to President Abraham Lincoln.Superb Cut Signature, "Mrs A. Lincoln" written in rich brown ink, measuring 1" x 3.25" in an impressive professional framed display, Choice Near Mint. The Signature, has an Engraving of Mary Lincoln above, measuring 5.5" x 3.75" and an engraved brass biographical plaque below, measuring 3.5" x 5", all professionally double-matted and within a gold-gilt wooden frame to create the overall size of 19.5" x 11.5". The engraved brass plaque reads:"Mary Todd met Abraham Lincoln in Springfield, Illinois where he practiced law. In 1842, they were married. During her time in the White House, she received much criticism and saw the death of her son, Willie, in 1862. After her husband's death, Mary suffered mentally and fell into a deep depression and lived a life of poverty. The death of her other son, Tad, left a judge declaring her insane."This is a wonderful, apparently costly display, highlighting the rare signature "Mrs A. Lincoln". We sold this outstanding piece in our EAHA Auction of January 14, 2006 where it sold for $2,450 over half a decade ago. One of the finest quality signatures we have seen, and ready for hanging on prominent display.

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Autograph, JAMES MADISON & JAMES MONROE Signed Four Language Ship's Papers

Lot 33: Autograph, JAMES MADISON & JAMES MONROE Signed Four Language Ship's Papers

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Description: AutographsJames Madison & James Monroe Signed Ship's PapersJAMES MADISON & JAMES MONROE. 4th and 5th Presidents of the United States.March 4, 1812-Dated, Partly-Printed Document and Fully Accomplished Signed, "James Madison" as President, at Washington, measuring 16.5" x 21.25", Very Good. A complete though worn official United States Presidential Signed Four Language Ship's Papers, printed in dark black upon fine watermarked period wove paper. Also signed by "Jas Monroe" as Secretary of State. Both signatures are nicely written in bold brown and are totally unimpaired. There is some wear tears with some slight paper loss at upper and lower center edges and have some small edge splits with soiling where worn. There are numerous wrinkles to the paper from folding and poor storage. However, this is well printed, has both its original embossed paper and wax official Seals and is worthy of some conservation. Scarce having dual current and future, James Madison & James Monroe Presidential signers.

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JOHN MCCAIN Signed Photo & POW Bracelet Custom Display

Lot 34: JOHN MCCAIN Signed Photo & POW Bracelet Custom Display

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Description: AutographsCustom Display "John McCain" Photo & POW BraceletJOHN MCCAIN (1936 - ) Senior United States Senator from Arizona, Republican Presidential Nominee in the 2008 United States election..c. 1967, Black and White Photograph Signed "John McCain", 10.25" x 13.5" (by sight), Choice Extremely Fine. Framed in a custom display with a metal information plaque and Stainless Steel POW / MIA bracelet that reads, "LCDR John McCain III 10/26/67" (not owned by McCain, between 1970-1976 approximately 5 million various bracelets were sold bearing the names of different MIA/POWs). This is the date he was shot down over Viet Nam. Custom Professional Display Framed to an overall size 16.25" x 23" x 3.75" deep. Please note that due to its large size under Plexiglas, shipping this lot intact, complete within its custom display, will add significant added cost and the buyer may consider having the components shipped separately without the display box. The POW / MIA bracelets were made by the National Chairman of the POW / MIA Campaign for VIVA, a Los Angeles based organization that distributed one bracelet for each POW and MIA during the Viet Nam War. (2 items).John Sidney McCain III (born August 29, 1936) is the senior United States Senator from Arizona. He was the Republican presidential nominee in the 2008 United States election.McCain followed his father and grandfather, both four-star admirals, into the United States Navy, graduating from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1958. He became a naval aviator, flying ground-attack aircraft from aircraft carriers. During the Vietnam War, he was almost killed in the 1967 USS Forrestal fire. In October 1967, while on a bombing mission over Hanoi, he was shot down, seriously injured, and captured by the North Vietnamese. He was a prisoner of war until 1973. McCain experienced episodes of torture, and refused an out-of-sequence early repatriation offer. His war wounds left him with lifelong physical limitations.He retired from the Navy as a captain in 1981 and moved to Arizona, where he entered politics. Elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1982, he served two terms, and was then elected to the U.S. Senate in 1986, winning re-election easily four times, most recently in 2010. While generally adhering to conservative principles, McCain at times has had a media reputation as a "maverick" for his willingness to disagree with his party on certain issues.After being investigated and largely exonerated in a political influence scandal of the 1980s as a member of the Keating Five, he made campaign finance reform one of his signature concerns, which eventually led to the passage of the McCain-Feingold Act in 2002. He is also known for his work towards restoring diplomatic relations with Vietnam in the 1990s, and for his belief that the war in Iraq should be fought to a successful conclusion. McCain has chaired the Senate Commerce Committee, opposed spending that he considered to be pork barrel, and played a key role in alleviating a crisis over judicial nominations.McCain ran for the Republican presidential nomination in 2000 but lost a heated primary season contest to George W. Bush. He secured the nomination in 2008 after coming back from early reversals, but lost to Democratic candidate Barack Obama in the general election.(From Wikipedia)

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JAMES MCHENRY. Constitution Signer. Secretary of War under Washington and Adams

Lot 35: JAMES MCHENRY. Constitution Signer. Secretary of War under Washington and Adams

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Description: AutographsUS Constitution Signer "James McHenry" as Sec. of WarJAMES MCHENRY. Signer of the Constitution. Secretary of War under Washington and Adams.June 26, 1798-Dated, Autograph Letter Signed "James McHenry" as Secretary of War, War Department, 2 pages, 8.25" x 10.25", Choice Very Fine. Boldly signed in rich brown at the conclusion measuring 2.5" long, to Ensign William R Booth, at New Brunswick. In this well written, clean and good content, premium quality Letter, Secretary of War McHenry writes, in part:"I have received a letter... on the subject of a soldier called Absolum Dubre, inlisted by you. The statement made is, that this soldier was in a state of intoxication when inlisted, and had that not been the case, he would not have taken such a step; That he was sworn in three hours after his inlistment, is much absent from the service, and has a wife and children, who suffer by his absence.That Mr Boggs, in his professional capacity, brought an action against Dubre at the suit of a Pennsylvanian, upon a bond for a just debt, and that he is confined on this process issued. He further states that the creditor offers to procure a man, equal to Dubre, to serve in his plan as a soldier, to return all the cloathes (sic) received by, and refund all the monies paid to, Dubre as bounty or pay on condition that he be discharged from the service..."

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WILLIAM MCKINLEY, Magnificently Displayed William McKinley Cut Signature

Lot 36: WILLIAM MCKINLEY, Magnificently Displayed William McKinley Cut Signature

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Description: AutographsMagnificently Displayed William McKinley Cut SignatureWILLIAM MCKINLEY. 25th President of the United States.Superb Huge Cut Signature, "W. McKinley" boldly written upon white paper, measuring 5" x 1.75" (by sight) in an impressive Professional Custom Framed Display, Choice Very Fine. Notation in unknown hand below signature reads: "President United States of America". Framed with an oval portrait of McKinley and a brass information plaque to an overall size of 31.75" x 30.5". Horizontal crease through signature, 2 trivial pinholes at upper left, overall the over 4" long signature is one of the very largest we have seen. Ready for hanging on display and sensational in its eye appeal.

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JAMES MONROE Signed July 4, 1814 Authorized Payment to a Soldier

Lot 37: JAMES MONROE Signed July 4, 1814 Authorized Payment to a Soldier

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Description: AutographsJames Monroe as Secretary of War & State July 4th, 1814 War of 1812 United States Travel Payment to a SoldierJAMES MONROE (1758-1831). 5th President of the United States. During the War of 1812, Monroe held the critical roles of Secretary of State and the Secretary of War under President James Madison.July 4, 1814-Dated War of 1812 Period, Manuscript Document Endorsement Signed, "Jas Monroe" as Secretary of State, measuring 8.5" x 7.25" (by sight), framed to an overall 26.25" x 22.25", at Washington City, Fine. This two-part Document bringing a Captain C. Larrabee into Washington, D.C. and paying him for transportation of baggage dated on July 4th, 1814 and reads:"The United States to C. Larrabee, Capt 4th July to transportation of baggage from Plattsburgh N Y (New York) to the City of Washington distance 541 miles at $8 per hundred - $43.28 -- Admitted Jas. Monroe."The next notation below shows a receipt of the funds on November 9, 1814, as his duplicate receipt. Larrabee, who was a Captain in the 4th Infantry, personally signs at the bottom of this Document that he received the $43.28 due him and having received his items is both paid and free of that obligation. Matted and framed with a portrait with facsimile signature of James Monroe. There is some trivial ink splatter and old tape reinforcement show-through from the hidden verso used on some fold splits. James Monroe's signature and endorsement are incredibly vivid and very bold in deep heavy brown ink. (Not examined out of frame.) This remarkable July 4th (1814) War of 1812 James Monroe Signed Document is extremely historic and worthy of a significant premium. A "Museum" piece that is nicely framed and ready to hand upon display.The month after Monroe signed this document, the British burned Washington, including the White House, and occupied the city. However, a magazine explosion and a tornado repulsed them! Their occupation, which began on August 26, 1814, lasted less than 26 hours.

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JAMES MONROE, 1816-Dated, Document Signed Signed Check

Lot 38: JAMES MONROE, 1816-Dated, Document Signed Signed Check

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Description: AutographsRare 1816 Dated "JAMES MONROE" Signed CheckJAMES MONROE (1758-1831). 5th President of the United States. During the War of 1812, Monroe held the critical roles of both Secretary of State and the Secretary of War under President James Madison.October 21, 1816-Dated War of 1812 Era, Manuscript Document Signed, "Jas Monroe," while serving as Secretary of State under James Madison, being a Handwritten Check, Very Fine. This check made out on the Bank of Columbia, to pay "Mr Woodward" a sum of "one hundred & fifty dollars," fully written in James Monroe's own hand, measuring 4.75" x 4" with a standard cut cancel at center located to the left of the signature and not touching the signature. Docket on the reverse "Timothy Woodward - No. 3" as Cashier. James Monroe's brown signature measures nearly 2" long. A very scarce signed check, written upon period wove paper, drawn upon one of the very earliest, most prominent Banks in America.

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Signer ROBERT MORRIS, 1795 Signed North American Land Company Stock Certificate

Lot 39: Signer ROBERT MORRIS, 1795 Signed North American Land Company Stock Certificate

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Description: AutographsFinancier of the American Revolution 1795 "Robt Morris" Signed Stock Certificate as President of the North American Land Company, PhiladelphiaROBERT MORRIS, Signer to the United States Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the United States Constitution, Financier of the American Revolution. March 10, 1795, Partly-Printed Document Signed, "Robt Morris," as President of the North American Land Company, Philadelphia, 1 page, on laid watermarked paper measuring 9.75" x 12.75", Choice Crisp About New. Countersigned by James Marshall (Morris' son-in-law, and brother of Chief Justice John Marshall). This magnificent looking Document has a scalloped left edge, and is a stock certificate of the North American Land Company, for twenty-five shares in the name of Sylvanus Bourne. Morris' large 2.75" long, extremely bold brown signature is found at lower right with a fine manuscript cancel with document is fresh and clean with some light creases. A beautiful specimen that is perfect for framing or display.Robert Morris arranged for financing supplies for Washington and his troops, was a member of the Continental Congress, a Signer of the Declaration of Independence, founder and organizer of the Bank of North America, delegate to the Constitutional Congress, and U.S. senator from Pennsylvania. He and his partners speculated heavily in Western lands, believing that Europeans fleeing revolutions would buy, but this did not happen. A minor creditor had Morris arrested and he spent 3-1/2 years in "Prune Street," the debtor's prison. He was released in 1801 with the passage of the national bankruptcy law, but died in poverty and obscurity.

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BENITO MUSSOLINI + VICTOR EMANUEL III Document Signed

Lot 40: BENITO MUSSOLINI + VICTOR EMANUEL III Document Signed

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Description: AutographsBenito Mussolini & King Victor Emmanuel III DocumentBENITO MUSSOLINI, Italian Fascist Dictator, & VICTOR EMANUEL III, Last King of Italy.Partially-Printed Document Signed, "Mussolini" and "Vittorio Emanuele", in black ink on heavy, watermarked paper, Rome, Italy, measuring 15" x 10", Very Fine. An official government document taken from a bound volume, with minor tears along the left edge where it was pulled out. Minor soiling and toning along the upper and right edges. Contains the usual bureaucratic stamps and markings. At the time he signed this document, Mussolini, as leader (Il Duce) of the Fascists, was openly dictator of Italy; the king, a mere figurehead. A rare document, signed by two important and historic world figures.

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BARACK H. OBAMA Signed 2nd Amendment Official White House Correspondence Card

Lot 41: BARACK H. OBAMA Signed 2nd Amendment Official White House Correspondence Card

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Description: Autographs"Barack Obama" as President 2nd Amendment Content Notation Upon Official White House Correspondence CardBARACK H. OBAMA (1961- ). Current Forty-fourth President of the United States, First African-American to hold the Presidential Office.Extraordinary 2nd Amendment Content, White 6.5" x 4.25", Embossed Official White House Correspondence Card Signed, "Barack Obama" as President, Choice Crisp Near Mint. This historic and exceedingly rare personally Hand-written card is magnificently presented in deep rich black felt pen, having an outstanding huge 2.5" long, bold unique style signature of Barack Obama at its conclusion. This Official White House Correspondence Card reads, in full:"Craig - I believe in the 2nd Amendment, and the rights of Sportsmen like you. Period. Sincerely, Barack Obama".

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FRANKLIN PIERCE 1856 Appointment For GEORGE DALLAS Minister to Great Britain

Lot 42: FRANKLIN PIERCE 1856 Appointment For GEORGE DALLAS Minister to Great Britain

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Description: Autographs"Franklin Pierce" Appoints the Former Vice President George Dallas as Minister to Great Britain FRANKLIN PIERCE (1804-1869). 14th President of the United States (1853-1857) and is the only President from New Hampshire. Pierce was a Democrat who served in the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate. Pierce took part in the Mexican-American War and became a Brigadier General in the Army.February 4, 1856-Dated, Partly-printed Document Signed, "Franklin Pierce" as President, on Parchment, Washington, measuring 13.75" x 17.75", Choice Extremely Fine. Appointing "George M. Dallas of Pennsylvania... Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States of America to Her Britannic Majesty." Countersigned by Secretary of State William L. Marcy. There is a single vertical fold, affecting nothing. The cream wafer seal is intact and Pierce's signature is large and beautifully executed in dark brown ink. A highly important document and a wonderful display item.George Mifflin Dallas was born in Philadelphia in 1792. A lawyer and Democrat, he served as mayor of Philadelphia in 1819, as U.S. Senator from 1831-1833, as attorney general of Pennsylvania from 1833-35, and as U.S. minister to Russia from 1837-39.In the Presidential campaign of 1844, Dallas' championship of Texas annexation was an important factor in his nomination as vice president to James K. Polk; Texas remembered and named Dallas, Texas after him. As Vice President he supported Polk's policies. In 1846, his loyalty to the President overrode his own protectionist views and he cast a tie-breaking vote in the Senate in favor of the Walker Tariff of 1846, an administration backed measure which curbed import duties. He retired from public service at the end of his term, until President Franklin Pierce appointed him minister to Great Britain in 1856 with the document which we offer here.He proved an able diplomat, concluding the Dallas-Clarendon Convention in 1856, which was the basis of settlement of difficulties in Central America, and convinced the British to drop their long-standing claim to the right to search foreign ships during peacetime.

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FRANKLIN PIERCE, 14th President of the United States Signature with Sentiment

Lot 43: FRANKLIN PIERCE, 14th President of the United States Signature with Sentiment

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Description: Autographs14th President "I am with high consideration your Friend & Servant - Franklin Pierce" Clipped SignatureFRANKLIN PIERCE (1804-1869). 14th President of the United States (1853-57), Senator and Representative from New Hampshire, Hero of the Mexican War rising to the rank of Brigadier General.This is an authentic original 3.5" x 1.5" Clipped Signature with closing sentiment, "I am with high consideration your Friend & Servant - Franklin Pierce," no date or place, Very Fine. The Signature is written in brown ink upon white lined period paper and cut from a larger document and backed with other text on its reverse side.Franklin Pierce (November 23, 1804 - October 8, 1869) was the 14th President of the United States (1853-1857) and is the only President from New Hampshire. Pierce was a Democrat and a "doughface" (a Northerner with Southern sympathies) who served in the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate.Pierce took part in the Mexican-American War and became a Brigadier General in the Army. His private law practice in his home state, New Hampshire, was so successful that he was offered several important positions, which he turned down. Later, he was nominated as the party's candidate for president on the 49th ballot at the 1852 Democratic National Convention.In the presidential election, Pierce and his running mate William R. King won by a landslide in the Electoral College. They defeated the Whig Party ticket of Winfield Scott and William A. Graham by a 50 percent to 44 percent margin in the popular vote and 254 to 42 in the electoral vote.He made many friends, but he suffered tragedy in his personal life; all of his children died young. As president, he made many divisive decisions which were widely criticized and earned him a reputation as one of the worst presidents in U.S. history. Pierce's popularity in the Northern states declined sharply after he supported the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which replaced the Missouri Compromise and renewed debate over the expansion of Slavery in the American West. Pierce's credibility was further damaged when several of his diplomats issued the Ostend Manifesto.The historian David Potter concludes that the Ostend Manifesto and the Kansas-Nebraska Act were "the two great calamities of the Franklin Pierce administration.... Both brought down an avalanche of public criticism." More importantly, says Potter, they permanently discredited Manifest Destiny and "popular sovereignty" as political doctrines.Despite a reputation as an able politician and a likable man, during Pierce's presidency he served only as a moderator among the increasingly bitter factions that were driving the nation towards civil war.Abandoned by his party, Pierce was not renominated to run in the 1856 Presidential election. His reputation was destroyed during the Civil War when he declared support for the Confederacy, and personal correspondence between Pierce and the Confederate President Jefferson Davis was leaked to the press.(From Wikipedia)

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THEODORE ROOSEVELT, 26th President of the United States. Bold Clipped Signature

Lot 44: THEODORE ROOSEVELT, 26th President of the United States. Bold Clipped Signature

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Description: AutographsExtremely Fine Clipped Signature "Theodore Roosevelt"THEODORE ROOSEVELT (1858-1919). 26th President of the United States (1901-1909), a leader of the Republican Party and founder of the Progressive ("Bull Moose") Party of 1912.A 6" x 1.75" Clipped Signature "Theodore Roosevelt", no date or place, Extremely Fine. Mounted to a 6.25" x 2" piece of card stock. Signature cut from a light blue text typed letter with the closing, "With great regard, Sincerely yours, Theodore Roosevelt". Bold 4" long "Theodore Roosevelt" and beautiful for display.

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ROGER SHERMAN, CT. Declaration of Independence Signer, 1765 Autograph Document

Lot 45: ROGER SHERMAN, CT. Declaration of Independence Signer, 1765 Autograph Document

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Description: AutographsFounding Father ROGER SHERMAN Signer Declaration of IndependenceROGER SHERMAN (1721 - 1793). A Founding Father who served as the First Mayor of New Haven, Connecticut, and served on the "Committee of Five" that Drafted the Declaration of Independence, and was also a Representative and Senator for Connecticut. He was the Only Person to Sign All Four great U.S. Documents including: the Continental Association, the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution.December 24, 1765-Dated, Autograph Document Signed "Roger Sherman, Justice of Peace", 1 page, at New Haven (CT), measuring 8" x 3.5", Choice Very Fine. This pleasing period Document is well written in deep brown and is easily readable. It reads, in full:"To the Treasurer of the Colony of Connecticut --- Sir Pay to Mr. David Wheaton Twenty five shillings and three pence out of the Colony Treasury for his Service and Expense in transporting one Thankful Lee with her two children from New Haven to Darby in order that they might be conveyed to Dutchess County in the Province of New York the place of their Legal Settlement they being ordered to be Transported by Warrent from Lawful authority in July last. They being likely to become chargeable to sd (said) town. (Signed) Roger Sherman X Justice of Peace." Docket on the blank reverse.Roger Sherman was an American government leader born on April 19, 1721 in Newton, Massachusetts. Sherman studied law and passed the bar in 1754. He then began a career in government in the 1760s, working as a judge and a member of Connecticut's general assembly.He was then elected to the Continental Congress in 1774. Sherman was a founding father who signed and drafted the Declaration of Independence and signed the U.S. Constitution.After years in Congress, Sherman worked as the mayor of New Haven in 1784. He was later elected a U.S. House of Representatives and Senate member where he worked until his death on July 23, 1793 in New Haven, Connecticut.

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THOMAS STONE 1766 Document Signed, Signer of the Declaration, President Congress

Lot 46: THOMAS STONE 1766 Document Signed, Signer of the Declaration, President Congress

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Description: Autographs"Signer" Thomas Stone 1766 Printed Document SignedTHOMAS STONE (1743-1787). Signer of the Declaration of Independence for Maryland, American planter, Committee Member that formed the Articles of Confederation in 1777, Acting President of the Continental Congress in 1784.Printed Document Signed, "T Stone 1766", 2 pages, measuring 6.5" x 11". This is a two page advertisement for a book entitled, "The Reports of Sir Peyton Ventris Kt. Late one of the Justices of the Common Pleas." Listing in two parts the cases argued during the reigns of British Monarchs Charles II, James II and William and Mary. On the second page are listed gentlemen who endorsed the printing, April 20, 1695. Title leaf is boldly Signed, "T Stone 1766" plus two others. Moderate light tone, bold black printed text, whole and solid. An interesting, impressive Signed Printed period item of an early Patriot "Rebel" Colonial Lawyer signing an English Judge's case study.In 1768 Stone married Margaret Brown (1751-1787), the younger sister of Dr. Gustavus R. Brown (see Rose Hill), thought to be the richest man in the county. Soon after, Stone purchased his first 400 acres (1.6 km²) and began the construction of his estate named Habre de Venture. The family would make their home there, and they would have three children: Margaret (1771-1809), Mildred (1773-1837) and Fredrik (1774-1793). Stone's law practice kept him away from home, so he brought in his younger brother Michael to manage development of the plantation.As the American Revolution neared, Stone joined the Committee of correspondence for Charles County. From 1774 to 1776, he was a member of Maryland's Annapolis Convention. In 1775, the convention sent Stone as a delegate to the Continental Congress.He was re-elected and attended regularly for several years. On May 15, 1776 he voted in favor of drafting a declaration of independence, in spite of restrictions from the Maryland convention that prevented their delegates from supporting it. In June the restriction was lifted, so Maryland's delegates were free to vote for Independence. Previously, Stone had been in favor of opening diplomatic relations with Great Britain and not going to war, as he was not only a pacifist but a conservative reluctant to start a gruesome war.That same year Stone was assigned to the committee that drafted the Articles of Confederation, and he was struck with a personal tragedy. His wife Margaret visited him in Philadelphia, which was in the midst of a smallpox epidemic. She was inoculated for the disease, but an adverse reaction to the treatment made her ill. Her health continued to decline for the rest of her life.After Stone signed the Declaration of Independence, he took his wife home and declined future appointment to the Congress, except for part of 1784, when the meetings were at Annapolis.Stone accepted election to the Maryland Senate from 1779 until 1785, at first in order to promote the Articles of Confederation, which Maryland was the last state to approve. But he gave up the practice of law to care for Margaret and their growing children. As her health continued to decline, he gradually withdrew from public life. When Margaret died in 1787, he became depressed and died less than four months later in Alexandria, reportedly of a "broken heart".(From Wikipedia)

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WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT, 27th President of the United States, Clipped Signature

Lot 47: WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT, 27th President of the United States, Clipped Signature

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Description: AutographsClipped Signature "Wm H Taft"WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT (1857-1930). 27th President of the United States (1909-1913), later the Tenth Chief Justice of the United States, the only person to have served in both offices.A 5.5" x 1.25" Clipped Signature "Wm H Taft", no date or place, Choice Extremely Fine. This 2.5" long black ink Signature cut from a larger document and laid down upon a backing paper. Extremely clean written upon fresh white paper and excellent for display.

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ZACHARY TAYLOR 12th President of the United States Clipped Signature

Lot 48: ZACHARY TAYLOR 12th President of the United States Clipped Signature

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Description: AutographsVivid and Bold "Z. Taylor" Clipped SignatureZACHARY TAYLOR (1784-1850). 12th President of the United States. Only Presidential Documents Signed by W.H. Harrison and James A. Garfield are rarer than those Signed by Zachary Taylor as President.A 4" x 2.5" Clipped Signature "Z. Taylor", no date or place, Choice Very Fine. Previously Mounted to heavy card stock. The deep dark vivid brown ink 2" long "Z. Taylor" Signature is Hand-written upon light blue period paper which was cut from a larger document.

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ZACHARY TAYLOR Presidential Appointment WILLIAM HAMMOND Surgeon in the US Army

Lot 49: ZACHARY TAYLOR Presidential Appointment WILLIAM HAMMOND Surgeon in the US Army

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Description: AutographsExtremely Rare & Historic Zachary Taylor Signed Presidential Military Commission for William Hammond as the Assistant Surgeon in the United States ArmyZACHARY TAYLOR (1784-1850). 12th President of the United States. Only the Presidential Documents Signed by W. H. Harrison and James A. Garfield are rarer than those Signed by Zachary Taylor as President.March 20, 1850-Dated, Partially-Printed Document Signed, "Z. Taylor" as President, 1 page, 12.75" x 17" (by sight), at Washington (DC), Choice Very Fine. Beautifully, Professionally Custom Matted and Framed to an overall size of 29.5" x 30.25". This Document being the Official Presidential Military Commission for William Hammond as Assistant Surgeon in the U. S. Army by Zachary Taylor (Later Appointed Surgeon General by Abraham Lincoln). Its original Wax and Paper Seal is fully intact at the upper left. Framed together with this Document is a color image of Zachary Taylor and a black and white image of William Hammond. Below the images is an informative engraved brass description plaque. Accompanied by Dr. Hammond's 1872 Diplomat Certificate in the "Societatis Artium et Doctrinarum Rheno-Traiectinae". Both are Unique as such and Exceedingly Rare.William Alexander Hammond (1828-1900), was an American military physician and neurologist. During the American Civil War he was Appointed the 11th Surgeon General of the United States Army (1862-1864) by Abraham Lincoln. Later, he founded the Army Medical Museum (now the National Museum of Health and Medicine). He was the first American physician to devote himself entirely to neurology, the author of the first American treatise about neurology, and one of the Founders of the American Neurological Association.Please ALSO SEE the ABRAHAM LINCOLN Signed Presidential Military Commission for William Hammond as the Civil War Surgeon General with the Rank of Brigadier General of the United States Army, also being offered in this auction. (See more information on Hammond online at: www.EarlyAmerican.com) (2 Items).WILLIAM ALEXANDER HAMMOND (Aug. 28, 1828 - January 5, 1900), Surgeon General, April 25, 1862 - August 18, 1864, was born at Annapolis, Md., the son of Dr. John W. and Sarah (Pinkney) Hammond, members of two old Maryland families of Anne Arundel County. When he was about five years old the family moved to Harrisburg, Pa., where his early education was completed at a local academy. He began the study of medicine at sixteen and at twenty was given the degree of M. D. by the medical department of the University of the City of New York.After a year of internship in the Pennsylvania Hospital in Philadelphia, he settled in Saco, Me., for the practice of medicine. He stayed there but a few months when he took the examination for the army medical service and was appointed as assistant surgeon on July 29, 1849. Shortly thereafter he was sent with a body of troops to New Mexico, where during the following three years he served at nine different posts and was engaged a large part of the time in operations against the Indians.After a sick leave spent in study in Europe he was stationed at West Point and later at Fort Meade, Florida, and Fort Riley, Kansas. While at Fort Riley he served as medical director of a large force operating against the Sioux Indians and was medical officer with an expedition which located a road to Bridger's Pass in the Rocky Mountains. From Fort Riley he was transferred to Fort Mackinac in Michigan.During this first ten years of service he devoted his spare hours to physiological and botanical investigation and in 1857 he published an exhaustive essay Experimental Research Relative to the Nutritive Value and Physiological Effects of Albumen Starch and Gum, when Singly and Exclusively Used as a Food, which was awarded the American Medical Association Prize. His growing reputation attracted the attention of the authorities of the University of Maryland and on October 31, 1860, he resigned from the army to accept the chair of anatomy and physiology in the medical school in Baltimore. Here he taught with marked success and practiced his profession until the outbreak of the Civil War. As surgeon to the Baltimore Infirmary he attended the wounded men of the 6th Massachusetts Infantry, who while marching to the defense of Washington were fired upon by a Baltimore mob.He resigned his professorship and on May 28, 1861, he reentered the army as an assistant surgeon at the foot of the list upon which he had formerly held high place. His first Civil War service was as medical purveyor at Frederick, Md. Later he organized the Camden Street Hospital in Baltimore and was then transferred to the command of General Rosecrans in West Virginia where he was made inspector of camps and hospitals.His work in this field attracted the favorable attention of the Sanitary Commission, which, dissatisfied with the administration of the medical service of the army, urged the removal of the incumbent head and the appointment of Hammond in his place. Surgeon General Finley's break with Secretary Stanton brought the opportunity, and despite strong backing for the acting Surgeon General, Colonel R.C. Wood, and a candidate put forward by Secretary Stanton, Hammond was appointed Surgeon General on April 25, 1862.Colonel Wood failing in his greater ambition, asked for the appointment as assistant Surgeon General, which upon Hammond's approval was given him. Shortly, however, friction developed between the two and Wood was relieved from duty in the office, though he retained the title of assistant Surgeon General until October 31, 1865.Major Joseph R. Smith was brought into the office to fill Wood's position. The year and a half of Hammond's actual tenure of the office was marked by an administration of high efficiency and by many important accomplishments. These included a new and vastly enlarged supply table and the provision of hospital clothing for patients. (U.S. Army Medical History)

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HARRY S. TRUMAN, 1940-Dated, Typed Political Content Letter Signed

Lot 50: HARRY S. TRUMAN, 1940-Dated, Typed Political Content Letter Signed

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Description: AutographsSenator "Harry Truman" Writes "... I certainly am glad to hear that the Governor is losing ground."HARRY S. TRUMAN (1884-1972). 33rd President of the United States (1945-1953), was President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Third Vice President, he succeeded to the Presidency on April 12, 1945, when President Roosevelt died less than three months after beginning his historic 4th term.March 9, 1940-Dated, Typed Letter Signed, "Harry Truman" as Senator, on "United States Senate-Committee On Interstate Commerce" official letterhead, 1 page, 10.5" x 8" at Washington, D.C., Choice Extremely Fine. This letter typed in bright blue to George C. Vermillion of Missouri, thanking him for his previous letter, and promising to, in part: "... make an inquiry to find out just how your case is progressing. I am expecting to be at the meeting of the Young Democrats in Kansas City... I certainly am glad to hear that the Governor is losing ground." Boldly and vividly fully signed, "Harry Truman" measuring about 3" long in deep black. An impressive clean letter, having good political content and comment.

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