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Extraordinary & Historic Firearms Auction, Day 2

by James D. Julia


659 lots | 658 with images

October 15, 2013

Live Auction

203 Skowhegan Road

Fairfield, ME, 04937 USA

Phone: 207 453 7125

Fax: 207 453 2502

Email: loakes@jamesdjulia.com

659 Lots
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COLT MODEL 1855 HALF STOCK SPORTING RIFLE.

Lot 2000: COLT MODEL 1855 HALF STOCK SPORTING RIFLE.

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Description: SN 2849. Cal. 44. This is an attractive deluxe sporter with checkered oiled walnut stock and an unusual bright "sky blue" finish. Other sporting rifles are found with similar features to this gun, including 24" part oct/rnd bbl, crescent shaped buttplate, 6-shot cylinder and 2-line Colt patent and address on top strap. CONDITION: Gun is very good to fine overall. The bbl is gray/brown with thin plum colored finish. The frame, cylinder and trigger guard have an unusual "sky blue" finish that is 60% intact with balance turning plum. This is not a normal color associated with Colt sporting arms and may have been applied after manufacture, however it was possibly orig as no changes to surface can be detected as when guns are normally refinished. The hammer also has a most unusual surface with body painted or Japanned black. The sides of ear of hammer are however still bright. We have not encountered surfaces quite like this before and gun is indeed 100% orig. Stocks are fine overall, well fit, buttstock is cross hatched and raised grain is still present in areas. Wood used in buttstock has a more attractive color than the typical straight grain normally seen on Colt rifles of this era. Stocks are oil finished and have a few dings, dents and scratches. Wooden ramrod with brass tips is very good. 4-48392 JS44

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MODEL 1855 COLT REVOLVING SHOTGUN.

Lot 2001: MODEL 1855 COLT REVOLVING SHOTGUN.

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Description: SN 51. Cal. 10 ga. This rare gun, made about 1860, conforms to other known revolving shotguns with 5-shot cylinder 27" bbl, semi-oct breech, rnd bbl, varnished walnut stock and standard address "COL. COLT HARTFORD CT. U.S.A." on top strap. Patent marked on left side of frame and in flute of cylinder. "75 CAL" stamped on left side of trigger guard. This is a beautiful gun, retaining much of its orig finish. CONDITION: Bbl retains 20-30% bright blue with larger areas of finish turning plum. Frame retains about 50% of its bright blue finish with areas of pitting, especially under hammer. Cylinder retains strong traces of bright blue finish in each of its flutes and trigger guard retains traces of bright blue in protected areas. Markings are all crisp and bright. Stock retains about 60% of its orig varnish with small storage dings and dents. Mechanically gun functions quite well. The ramrod consists of a rarely seen gutta-percha tube with threaded rod inside. There is a 1/2" chip off end of gutta-percha tube. 4-48627 JS43

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BRITISH COLT REVOLVING CARBINE.

Lot 2002: BRITISH COLT REVOLVING CARBINE.

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Description: SN 10079. Cal. 56. This is a very fine example of the standard 21" bbl revolving carbine with sling swivel. British carbines are typically found in the serial range 10000-12000, according to Flayderman's guide, and this gun falls at the beginning of this range with matching SNs of 10079. This gun is in wonderful condition, retaining most of its orig blue finish with a bright near mint bore. This conforms to other specimens with address on top strap "COL.COLT HARTFORD CT U.S.A." CONDITION: This gun retains 95%+ blue finish on bbl and frame with some areas of thinning; scattered small scrapes and scuffs. Rifling in bore is shiny and well defined. Blue on cyl and buttplate is 80%+ but much thinner than on other surfaces. Hammer retains about 50% of its case colors, though muted, with balance a silver gray with brown staining. Stock is fine and well fit, still with areas of raised grain with scattered small dings and dents and there is a 1-1/4" sliver missing at right toe where stock meets frame tang. Mechanically gun functions well. 4-48623 JS42

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COLT MODEL 1855 MILITARY RIFLE.

Lot 2003: COLT MODEL 1855 MILITARY RIFLE.

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Description: SN 2146. Cal. 56. 31-3/16" oct to rnd bbl three leaf flip up rear sight top flute of receiver is marked "COL. COLT HARTFORD CT. USA". 5 shot fluted cylinder, one of which is marked "PATENTED SEPT. 10TH, 1850". Left side of receiver behind recoil shield is marked "COLTS PATENT/NOVEMBER 24, 1857". Mounted with walnut stock, steel buttplate with trap door. Gun is iron mounted complete with sling swivels and small brass nosecap. Gun was not disassembled to check for matching serial numbers, however, external numbers visible all matched, and gun appears all orig. This was a popular Civil War era rifle purchased by U.S. Government, and by private contract such as this gun with no government inspector's marks. CONDITION: Fine overall. Bbl retains no orig blue but most of bbl is plum with small areas of pin-prick pitting and light nicks and scratches. Bbl bands show some orig blue turning plum with scattered nicks and scratches. Frame, cylinder, and hammer show tiny traces of orig blue overall being brown/gray with scattered dings and scratches. Mechanics are strong and functional. Bore exhibits very crisp distinct rifling. Buttstock and forestock are sound with a few minor nicks and dings. 4-48626 JS41

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BREVETTE COPY OF COLT MODEL 1855 REVOLVING SHOTGUN.

Lot 2004: BREVETTE COPY OF COLT MODEL 1855 REVOLVING SHOTGUN.

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Description: Cal. 65. This is a most interesting gun which has engraved bbl, frame, trigger guard and hammer, and nickel plated cylinder. Two bbl bands are friction and screw fit over a straight 17" apparently walnut stock with pewter nosecap. The buttstock is over sized, apparently made from a wide grain wood not normally seen on American guns. Buttstock is pistol gripped and is much wider than the frame, about 1-3/4" at its thickest with the frame just less than 1". Bbl shows more wear than rest of gun and engraving appears Mediterranean. Proof marks on bbl are 2 square cartouches with only partially discernible markings. Engraving on frame and trigger guard are definitely in a different hand and a different "flavor" than remainder of gun. A dog pointing to a bird is engraved on bottom of trigger bow and the same dog is seen on top of frame tang. No idea as to origin of this gun, but it appears all orig and well made. CONDITION: 26-3/8" smooth bore bbl is part oct, changing to rnd with 3 rings as interface. Bbl is overall brown with staining and pitting. Frame is brown with traces of blue finish, is engraved with various floral and geometric designs and 1-3/4" panel of dog. German silver trigger guard is engraved with dog and bird. Hammer is florally engraved with traces of blue finish. Cylinder is nickel plated and retains 95% of its nickel with areas of bubbling, rust and pitting. Stocks are sound and solid with a 1-1/4" German silver star inset into bottom of pistol grip with a central brass stud. Mechanically gun functions well. 4-48624 JS45

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VERY SCARCE COLT LARGE FRAME LIGHTNING PUMP ACTION SADDLE RING CARBINE.

Lot 2005: VERY SCARCE COLT LARGE FRAME LIGHTNING PUMP ACTION SADDLE RING CARBINE.

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Description: SN 1975. Cal. 45-85-285. Standard grade carbine with 22" standard weight bbl, full magazine, dovetail barleycorn front sight & reverse mounted carbine ladder rear sight. Left side of receiver has the Rampant Colt roll marking & a staple, ring is missing. Trigger guard is without manual safety, relying only on the hammer safety notch. Bbl & receiver have British proofs. Mounted with uncheckered straight grain American walnut buttstock that has straight grip & carbine buttplate. Forearm is checkered walnut with double schnable. Accompanied by one orig Winchester 45-85 cartridge. According to Flayderman's Guide to Antique American Firearms only 6,496 of this scarce model was produced in the period 1887 to 1894, making it the most rare of all the lightning firearms. This model was produced in both rifles & carbines, deluxe & standard configurations in a large variety of calibers, up to & including 50-95. Carbines are much more scarce, especially standard weight carbines due to their 9 lb. weight. The baby carbine apparently was more popular, weighing only 8 lb. The lightning rifle & carbine were produced by Colt as competition for Winchester, Marlin & other lever action rifles but were never readily accepted by the buying public & so production was stopped. CONDITION: Very fine. Bbl & magazine tube retain 95-96% strong orig blue with a small ding on the magazine tube & correspondingly on the bbl. Receiver retains about 80-85% orig blue, lightly to moderately thinned with a few light scratches & nicks, turning plum on the trigger guard. Tangs are a plum/gray patina. Buttplate retains about 85% bright blue with wear on the heel and toe. Buttstock is missing a couple of tiny slivers by the top tang, has a 2-3 bruises & several nicks & scratches and retains a hand-worn orig oil finish. Forearm shows moderate diamond point wear, has a scratch on the left side & retains most of its orig oil finish. Hammer spring is broken, otherwise mechanics are fine. Brilliant, shiny bore. Cartridge is fine. 4-48691 JR264

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COLT MEDIUM FRAME LIGHTNING PUMP ACTION RIFLE.

Lot 2006: COLT MEDIUM FRAME LIGHTNING PUMP ACTION RIFLE.

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Description: SN 44396. Cal. 38 WCF (38-40). Standard grade rifle with 26" rnd bbl, full magazine, German silver Rocky Mountain front sight & Colt semi-buckhorn rear sight. Left side of the receiver is marked with the Rampant Colt roll marking, the bolt has a mortised dust cover. It is without manual safety, relying only on the safety notch of the hammer. Mounted with uncheckered, straight grain American walnut buttstock that has straight grip & crescent buttplate. 2-pc forearm has double schnable with standard checkering patterns. This was Colt's other attempt to compete with Winchester in the rifle market after they had reached accommodation with Winchester to stop production of their Burgess lever action rifle. While moderately successful the pump action rifle was never fully accepted by the buying public & only about 90,000 medium frame rifles were produced in the period 1884-1902. Very few are found today with high orig finish. CONDITION: Fine to very fine. Bbl retains about 95% orig blue that is turning plum colored over the top & has some scattered rust freckles. Magazine tube is in nearly identical condition with a spot of heavier pitting just forward of the slide handle. Receiver retains about 90% glossy orig blue with the loss areas flaked, not worn to a dark patina mixed with freckles of rust. Wood is sound & retains most of its orig oil finish. Mechanics are fine. Brilliant, shiny bore. Would make an outstanding Cowboy Action shooter. 4-49258 JR262

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FINE COLT MEDIUM FRAME LIGHTNING PUMP ACTION RIFLE.

Lot 2007: FINE COLT MEDIUM FRAME LIGHTNING PUMP ACTION RIFLE.

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Description: SN 69732. Cal. 32 WCF (32-20). Standard grade rifle with 26" rnd bbl, full magazine, ivory blade, Rocky Mountain style front sight and orig Colt semi-buckhorn rear sight. Left side of receiver has the rampant Colt roll marking and it is without manual safety, relying on the safety notch of the hammer. Mounted with very nicely figured, uncheckered, slab-sawed American walnut buttstock with straight grip & crescent buttplate. Forearm is checkered with dbl schnables. The medium frame Lightning was the highest production of Colt's pump actin rifles and also the model which saw the most and continuous service. Rarely are they found with high orig finish. CONDITION: Extremely fine. No disassembly was affected to check for matching parts. Bbl & magazine tube retain about 98% strong orig blue with only muzzle end wear, a couple of dings on magazine tube, which is turning a little plum color on outer radius; receiver retains 95-96% slightly thinned glossy orig blue with light sharp edge wear; hammer retains about all of its bright case colors. Stock is missing a tiny sliver on each side of top tang and has a few very minor handling & storage nicks & scratches and retains about all of its orig oil finish, turned dark around the wrist; forearm shows light edge wear and a few chipped diamonds and overall retains about all of its orig oil finish. Mechanics are crisp, bright shiny bore with slight frosting in the grooves. 4-49661 JR315

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EXTREMELY RARE CASED ENGRAVED COLT NEW LINE SPUR TRIGGER REVOLVER.

Lot 2008: EXTREMELY RARE CASED ENGRAVED COLT NEW LINE SPUR TRIGGER REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 528. Cal 41 RF. Nickel finish with 2 1/4" rd bbl, half moon front sight with 2-line address that has a Maltese cross at each end. Left side of the frame below the cylinder opening has the caliber marking. The bird head grip frame is mounted with 2-pc smooth ivory grips that are matching numbered to this revolver. Revolver is spectacularly engraved in very fine foliate arabesque patterns on the frame and beautiful leaf and vine patterns on the front of the frame and bbl. Bottom front of the frame and right side, below the cylinder opening are engraved in diamond patterns. All the engraving has an extremely fine pearled background. Cylinder is engraved to match with a very fine dimpled oval border around the rear edge with line engraving around the cylinder stops and flutes. Screws, hammer and trigger are all blued. Accompanied by a beautiful, nickeled brass bound rosewood casing with empty rectangular plaque in the lid. It is purple velvet lined and French fitted in the bottom for the revolver and has a cartridge block in the rear edge containing 11 orig rounds of ammunition and a covered compartment in the left front corner containing 3 more rounds of ammunition. According to The Book of Colt Firearms, Wilson there were about 7,000 of these revolvers produced in the period 1874-1879. Another New Line revolver with nearly identical engraving, certainly by the same hand is pictured on page 302 of the referenced publication. Very few of these little revolvers were so elaborately engraved and of those, extremely few were cased with surviving examples nearly unknown. CONDITION: Extremely fine, all matching including grips. Overall retains virtually all of it's crisp orig nickel finish with bright blue on the screws and faded blue on the trigger and hammer. Mechanics are crisp, strong bore with fine pitting. Case has a crack across the lid and a grain check in the bottom, otherwise is sound with light handling and storage nicks and scratches and retains most of its orig varnish. Top metal corners of the case show moderate nickel wear. Interior is lightly faded. Altogether a wonderful and near unique New Line revolver. 4-47789 JR49

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VERY RARE COLT MODEL 1872-1873 OPEN TOP SINGLE ACTION REVOLVER FROM THE FAMOUS U.S. CARTRIDGE COMPANY COLLECTION.

Lot 2009: VERY RARE COLT MODEL 1872-1873 OPEN TOP SINGLE ACTION REVOLVER FROM THE FAMOUS U.S. CARTRIDGE COMPANY COLLECTION.

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Description: SN 2729. Cal. 44 RF Henry. Blue and color case hardened with 7-1/2" rnd bbl, German silver front sight, 1-line New-York U.S. America address and fixed rear sight at the breech end of the bbl. Right side of bbl lug is mounted with an ejector housing that has flat bull's eye ejector rod head. Left side of frame has 2-line paten dates. The blued steel trigger guard & backstrap contain a nicely figured, varnished, 1-pc walnut grip with matching SN in backstrap channel. Bottom right edge of grip is stamped "JK". Cylinder is unfluted & unnumbered with the Ormsby Naval Battle Scene roll marking. Hammer has had the firing pin attached to the left side of the nose with 2 rivets. Top of the backstrap is hand stamped "U.S.C. Co." which stands for the U.S. Cartridge Company. Very likely this revolver was either furnished by or purchased from Colt for cartridge testing. Fortunately for today's collector, if it was fired, it shows no evidence at all. According to Flayderman's Guide to Antique American Firearms there were about 7000 of these scarce revolvers produced in the period 1872-1873. The vast majority of these revolvers saw hard service on the American frontier but were shortly made obsolete with the advent of Colt's Model 1873 Single Action Army Revolver which had a solid frame and used heavier center fire cartridges. The majority of these revolvers, once replaced, found their way into Mexico and South America where the Henry cartridge was still popular and in extensive use. Those specimens that have returned from Mexico and South America are usually found to be in near relic condition with a large percentage of them having had their bbls cut. Extremely few are ever found with high orig finish and an unfired specimen such as this one is practically unknown. PROVENANCE: U.S. Cartridge Company CONDITION: Extremely fine. Wedge is unnumbered, cylinder arbor is numbered 1527 and the cylinder is without number. Bbl retains 60%-70% orig blue, having flaked to a medium patina. Frame and hammer retain virtually all of their bright, orig case colors. Firing pin retains about all of its bright fire blue. Cylinder retains most of its bright orig blue showing wear on the front and rear edges and some fine flaking & shows about 99% Ormsby Naval Battle Scene. Chambers retain strong orig blue as do the front & rear faces of cylinder indicating that it has never been fired. Trigger guard & backstrap retain nearly all of their bright orig blue mixed with fine flaking. Grip has a chipped left toe, otherwise is sound with a few nicks and shows moderate edge wear and retains most of its orig varnish. Mechanics are crisp, brilliant shiny bore. 4-49406 JR301

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RARE COLT OPEN TOP SINGLE ACTION REVOLVER.

Lot 2010: RARE COLT OPEN TOP SINGLE ACTION REVOLVER.

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Description: PLEASE NOTE (10/2/13): Caliber is 44 RF Henry not 41 RF Henry. SN 3215. Cal 41 RF Henry. Blue finish with 7 1/2" rd bbl, German silver front sight and 1-line New-York U.S. America address. Rear sight is integral with top rear of bbl. Right side of the bbl lug has an attached ejector with bull's eye ejector rod head. Cylinder is unfluted and straight sighted with Ormsby Naval battle scene roll marking and rectangular stop notches without approaches. Left side of the frame has the 2-line 1871 and 1872 patent dates. The blued steel trigger guard and backstrap contain a smooth 1-pc walnut grip. Firing pin is attached to the hammer nose on the left side and secured with 2 rivets. Loading gate is in the right recoil shield with exposed spring. These revolvers were Colt's first truly successful attempt at a large bore cartridge revolver which were readily accepted by the American buying public and were immediately placed into service on the American Frontier. There were only about 7,000 of them produced in the 1871-1872 period and were supplanted by Colt's Single Action Army revolver. A very large number of these revolvers found their way to Mexico and other South and Central American countries where they remained in service many years along side the Henry and Winchester Model 1866 rifles and carbines. Large numbers of these revolvers had their bbls reduced during their period of service outside of the US and nearly always are found in a poor state of repair. CONDITION: Fine, all matching except wedge and grip which are properly unnumbered. Traces of orig finish remain on the bbl lug and frame with stronger amounts of blue on the trigger guard and backstrap. The cylinder and balance of the metal is a smooth, even plum brown patina. Grip has slightly chipped toes and shows heavy wear with a hand worn patina. Mechanics are fine. Strong bore with heavy pitting. 4-48910 JR45

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FINE COLT MODEL 1860 ARMY RICHARDS CONVERSION REVOLVER.

Lot 2011: FINE COLT MODEL 1860 ARMY RICHARDS CONVERSION REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 5659. Cal. 44 Colt. Nickel finish with 8" bbl, slightly reduced front sight and 1-line address. Left side of frame has 2-line patent dates and caliber marking on left shoulder of trigger guard. Mounted with beautiful, orig, 1-pc ivory grip made from two slabs of ivory attached to two wood spacers in the orig manner to make a solid 1-pc grip. Inside right ivory is marked with matching SN. Rebated 6-shot cyl has the Ormsby Naval battle scene roll marking. According to Flayderman's Guide to Antique American Firearms only about 9,000 of these predecessors to the venerable Model 1873 Single Action Army were produced in the period 1873-1878. They became very popular on the American frontier and are rarely found today with high orig finish. CONDITION: Very fine, all matching except wedge & grip which are unnumbered and cyl spindle which is numbered "1178"; overall retains 96-98% strong nickel finish with muzzle edge wear and some candy striping on the frame; cyl retains about all of its strong orig nickel and shows 97-98% Ormsby Naval battle scene; grip is sound with a few age lines on bottom edges and overall retains a wonderful, mellow ivory patina. Mechanics are fine, strong bright bore with scattered pitting. 4-49300 JR407

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RARE, VERY EARLY AINSWORTH INSPECTED COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER WITH EXPOSED SERIAL NUMBER ON THE BARREL.

Lot 2012: RARE, VERY EARLY AINSWORTH INSPECTED COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER WITH EXPOSED SERIAL NUMBER ON THE BARREL.

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Description: SN 386. Cal. 45 Colt. Blue & color case hardened with 7-1/2" bbl, full front sight and 1-line script address that has broken "O" in "Co" and broken "A" in "HARTFORD" with a broken tail in "C" in "CT". Left side of frame has 2-line, 2-patent dates and a small "U.S.". Ejector housing is first type with bull's eye ejector rod head and base pin is orig type with dimpled ends. Mounted with replacement 1-pc walnut grip that is marked "1 B" and "84" with a large "NY" (1st Battalion, rack #84). Bottom right of grip has "RAC" (Rinaldo A. Carr) sub-inspector initials and no visible cartouches. This indicates that this revolver was one of the 800 Cavalry revolvers recalled and refurbished by Colt in 1895 for issue to the New York State Militia. The toe of the buttstrap was radiused during the rebuild as the revolver in this serial range originally had sharp toes which the troops in the field did not like because they were uncomfortable to shoot and wore their holsters very quickly. Hammer is later type with short checkered panel on the spur and has the concave firing pin and is fire-blued, as is found on a number of New York State Militia issued revolvers. Various parts including bbl, cyl, trigger guard & backstrap are stamped with a tiny "A", the inspector initial of Orville W. Ainsworth. This revolver is one of the very few with exposed bbl SN. According to Colt Cavalry and Artillery Revolvers...A Continuing Study, Kopec & Fenn, this revolver is documented and listed by SN as having been issued to Company B, 1st U.S. Cavalry. The 1st U.S. Cavalry is one of the most famous and decorated Cavalry Units to ever take the field prior to and during the Indian wars. They were formed in 1833 in Missouri, fought in the Mexican War and were assigned to California in 1856 where they had continuing skirmishes with local Indians. They fought throughout the Civil War both in the East & in New Mexico & Arizona. They returned to California in January 1866 and participated in a number of fights with the Indians throughout Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, Idaho, Oregon, Washington & Wyoming with 18 officers, NCO's & troopers earning the Medal of Honor. In 1877 they participated in the Nez Perce War, 1878 the Bannock War in Idaho and in 1881 fought the Apaches in Arizona and even chased them into Sonora, Mexico. In 1884 they were assigned to the Dept. of Dakota and were stationed at Fort Custer and from 1886-1918 at Fort Yellowstone, Mammoth Hot Springs, Wyoming. They continued fighting the Indians until all hostiles had been subdued. Undoubtedly right up until the time that this revolver was recalled in 1893, it was in use from its issue until recall, fighting hostile Indians. CONDITION: Very good, all matching except grip, as noted. Bbl retains about 60% refurbished blue showing light wear with the balance flaked; ejector housing retains bright blue in gullets and has a blue/gray patina on outer radius; frame retains traces of case colors being mostly faded to silver; cyl retains dark blue in the flutes, being a gray patina on outer diameter; hammer retains most of its fire blue on sides with the top & rear edges blue/brown patina; trigger guard & backstrap retain strong blue in sheltered areas with the front & back straps blue/gray patina. Both sides of frame and shoulders of trigger guard have vice marks. Grip is sound showing light edge wear and retains much of its orig oil finish with handworn patina. Mechanics are fine, bright shiny bore with a few scattered small spots of pitting. 4-48804 JR361

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SCARCE AINSWORTH INSPECTED COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER WITH NUMBERED EJECTOR HOUSING.

Lot 2013: SCARCE AINSWORTH INSPECTED COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER WITH NUMBERED EJECTOR HOUSING.

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Description: SN 3504. Cal. 45 Colt. Blue & color case hardened with 7-1/2" bbl, full front sight and 1-line script address with serifs at each end. Left side of frame has 2-line, 2-patent dates and "U.S.". Mounted with what is probably a field replacement 1-pc walnut grip that has the SN "3604" in the backstrap channel and a tiny "L.D." on right side. These initials apparently are those of sub-inspector Lewis Draper who worked only a short period of time in 1876, which indicates that since this revolver was manufactured in 1874, the grip could not have been replaced any earlier than 1876. The SN in backstrap channel is in pencil instead of India ink indicating that it was added later. Various parts, including bbl, trigger guard, cylinder & backstrap have the tiny inspector initial "A" (Orville W. Ainsworth). Base pin is correct type with dimpled ends and the ejector housing is first type with bull's eye ejector rod head and has the extremely rare feature of matching SN in the left gullet at the frame. Page 270 of A Study of the Colt Single Action Army Revolver, Graham, Kopec & Moore, as of that writing (1976), lists only ten such numbered ejector housings, now eleven, including this one. Obviously there may be others. Cylinder is of the earliest type with small stop notches and tiny approaches. Buttstrap appears to have had the toe beveled slightly. It is well documented that the vast majority of these early Cavalry Colts were issued to front-line units and saw continuous hard us on the frontier. They are rarely found with high orig finish and the majority of them were recalled in the 1890s and early 20th century where they were converted to artillery configuration. That this revolver remains in full Cavalry configuration attests to the theory that it was probably re-issued to a militia unit where it remained until sold as surplus. CONDITION: Very good to fine. Bbl retains about 60% strong orig blue with the majority of the losses on left side that appears to be from long term storage in a holster and is now a medium brown patina; frame retains case colors in sheltered areas being mostly a dark gray patina; hammer retains very bright case colors on sides & rear edge with top edge turned dark; cylinder retains bright blue in the flutes, somewhat dull on outer diameter and showing wear on the front & rear edges; trigger guard & backstrap retain strong, bright blue in sheltered areas with candy striping mixed with blue on front & back straps; ejector housing retains about 92-93% strong orig blue. Grip has chipped toes, otherwise is sound with a few light nicks & scratches and shows a handworn patina. Mechanics are crisp, bright shiny bore. 4-48808 JR363

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RARE CUSTER RANGE INDIAN SCOUT OR OFFICER'S SPECIAL COLT SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2014: RARE CUSTER RANGE INDIAN SCOUT OR OFFICER'S SPECIAL COLT SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 6226. Cal. 45 Colt. Nickel finish with 7-1/2" bbl, slightly altered front sight and 1-line script letter address with serifs. Left side of frame has 2-line patent dates and a small "U.S.". Mounted with orig 1-pc walnut grip with matching SN in back strap channel. Left side of grip has the partial outline of a cartouche which would have been "OWA" (Orville W. Ainsworth) and there are small "A" inspector initials on various parts. Ejector housing is first type with bull's eye ejector rod head. While it is well known that the Ordnance Dept. did not order Colt revolvers nickel finished, it is equally well known that Springfield Arsenal did custom order nickel finish for certain Cavalry officers. It is also known that in order to discourage theft among his troops Lt. Col. Custer, during the Civil War, ordered companies to distinctively mark their firearms. Later, when he had been assigned to the 7th Cavalry at Fort Abraham Lincoln, he ordered his Indian scouts' revolvers to be nickel plated. This work was probably done by the Adams Plating Company. In the instance of this revolver the hammer & trigger are nickel finish which indicates that they were not plated at the factory because the Colt factory finished triggers blue with blued screws and color case hardened hammers while the after-market plating did not follow those guidelines. This revolver is from Lot 6 which accounts for a large number of known 7th Cavalry revolvers and all the above lends strong probability that this may have been one of the revolvers issued to Custer's 7th Cavalry Indian scouts. Accompanied by a 2-page letter from renowned Colt historian & author, John Kopec, wherein he details much of the above information. Regardless of the possible 7th Cavalry/Little Big Horn connection, this revolver almost positively was issued to one of the fighting cavalry regiments in the west engaged in the Indian Wars. CONDITION: Very good, all matching including bbl, cyl & grip. Bbl retains about 50% dull orig nickel mixed with medium to dark patina and shows heavy wear on the left edge of the muzzle; frame retains 60-70% strong orig nickel mixed with dark patina; trigger guard retains nickel on the bow with the balance a medium to dark patina; back strap retains about 60% orig nickel mixed with dark patina; cyl is a gray/brown patina showing moderate to heavy wear; ejector housing retains 30-40% nickel finish. Grip has chipped toes and shows heavy wear with a fine hand worn patina. Mechanics are fine, strong bore with sharp rifling & scattered pitting. 4-48620 JR63

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SCARCE CASEY INSPECTED COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2015: SCARCE CASEY INSPECTED COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 16623. Cal. 45 Colt. Blue & color case hardened with 7-1/2" bbl, full front sight and 1-line script letter address with serifs. Left side of the frame has 2-line patent dates and "U.S.". Mounted with a 1-pc walnut grip which has last four digits of matching SN in back strap channel. Left side of the grip has partially legible "APC" (A.P. Casey) inspector cartouche. Ejector housing is first type with bull's-eye ejector rod head and base pin is orig type with dimpled ends. Bottom right edge of the grip, bottom of the bbl, trigger guard, back strap & cyl are marked with a small "C" (also for A.P. Casey). The "C"s on bottom of bbl & cyl are of a different size font which, according to A Study of the Colt Single Action Army Revolver, Graham, Kopec & Moore, this disparity in letter size is correct in that it is believed Mr. Casey simply used two different sized stamps. Butt strap is hand-scratched with the initials "JHN". This revolver was produced in 1875 at the height of the Indian Wars and almost certainly would have been issued to a front line cavalry unit and would have seen service on the American frontier. That it escaped the recalls of the 1890s and early 1900s attests to the theory that it was either lost in battle, stolen or assigned to a militia unit. It is known that there are several revolvers in this series which were assigned to the 7th Cavalry as replacement revolvers after the Battle of the Little Big Horn. CONDITION: Very fine. Bbl retains about 75% strong orig blue with holster wear on the left side and thinning over the top; frame retains bright case colors in the front gullets and left side, more faded on the right side and top strap; recoil shields also retain bright case colors, turned silver on the loading gate; hammer retains strong, bright case colors, turned silver on top edge; trigger guard & back strap retain blue in sheltered areas, strong on the trigger plate, faded to a blue/gray patina on the front & back straps and butt strap; cyl retains strong blue in the flutes, flaked to a medium patina on the outer diameter; chambers of the cyl and bore retain strong orig blue. Grip is sound showing moderate edge wear and retains a hand worn patina. Mechanics are fine, bright shiny bore, shows very little use. 4-48241

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SCARCE CASEY INSPECTED COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2016: SCARCE CASEY INSPECTED COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 16432. Cal. 45 Colt. Blue & color case hardened with 7-1/2" bbl, full front sight and 1-line script letter address with serifs. Left side of frame has 2-line patent dates, the top line of which is extremely faint from a light strike. It also has a small "U.S.". Ejector rod housing is first type with bull's eye ejector rod head. Mounted with a 1-pc walnut grip that has last four digits of matching SN in back strap channel. Left side of grip has a legible "APC" (A.P. Casey) sub-inspector's cartouche. Several of the revolver parts have a small "C" inspector initial. Mr. Casey's inspection period ran from Dec. 1874 thru March 1875 and encompassed a rather small contract making Casey-inspected Colts substantially scarce. In most instances Casey-inspected single actions were issued to fighting cavalry regiments including the 2nd, 5th and 10th, in the American west fighting Indians, all of which were up and down the northern plains, Rocky Mountains and Southern plains from Montana to Texas. The 2nd Cavalry fought at the Battle of the Rosebud which immediately preceded Custer's fiasco at the Little Big Horn. Few Casey inspected Cavalry Colts survive today in any condition. To find one completely orig with high orig finish is truly a great rarity. A majority of these revolvers were recalled in the 1890s and early 20th century and were altered to artillery configuration usually with mixed parts and bbls shortened to 5-1/2". Apparently at one time an owner removed the orig 1-pc grip and replaced it with 2-pc grips as there is a grip locator pin hole in the front strap, now missing. Equally apparent the past owner retained the orig grip and eventually returned it to the revolver. According to our consignor, this is the earliest serial numbered Casey inspected Colt SSA, with #16433 being listed in John Kopec's book as the earliest in his survey in Colt Cavalry & Artillery Revolvers. CONDITION: Very fine, all matching including bbl, cylinder & grip. Bbl retains about 95% strong orig blue with visible feathers on each side of the front sight; ejector housing retains about 90% strong orig blue with some flaking on outer radius; frame retains about 70% bright case colors with some fading on the sides; hammer retains faded case colors; cylinder retains 96-97% strong orig blue with only faint sharp edge wear and some minor nicks & flaking; grip frame retains about 90% strong orig blue with some candy striping on the front & back straps and trigger guard. Grip has chipped toes and a chipped left heel with some nicks & dings in the edges and retains a fine hand worn patina. Mechanics are crisp, bright shiny bore with a few small scattered spots of pitting. 4-49006 JR65

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SCARCE 1875 ISSUE CASEY-INSPECTED COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2017: SCARCE 1875 ISSUE CASEY-INSPECTED COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 18819. Cal. 45 Colt. Blue & color case hardened with 7-1/2" bbl, full front sight and 1-line script address. Left side of the frame has 2-line, 2-patent dates and a tiny "U.S.". Mounted with 1-pc walnut grip that has mostly obscured last four digits of a SN in the back strap channel which appears to be "8819". Right side of the grip is hand-stamped "1ST B / 19 NY". This indicates that this was probably the 19th revolver of the 1st Battery New York Militia. Page 43 of Colt Cavalry and Artillery Revolvers...A Continuing Study, Kopec & Fenn, lists known revolvers from this series issued to the New York Militia, which lists this revolver by SN. Ejector housing is first type with bull's-eye ejector rod head and the base pin is orig type with dimpled ends. Bottom of the bbl, under the ejector housing, is marked with the complete SN. Cyl is without a SN which is common to find on New York Militia revolvers which occurred when they were refinished. Tiny "C" (A.P. Casey) sub-inspector initials are found on the trigger guard, top of the back strap and bottom of the bbl. Bbl mark is nearly obliterated. Bottom right edge of the grip is marked "RAC" (Rinaldo A. Carr) sub-inspector initials. CONDITION: Very good to fine. Bbl retains 65-70% strong orig blue with chemical spotting on the left side and shows orig feathers on each side of the front sight; bbl address was thinned during the refinish process; frame retains bright case colors in sheltered areas, moderately faded elsewhere, turning silver on the high points of the recoil shield & loading gate; trigger guard retains strong blue with the front strap & trigger bow thinning to a blue/gray patina; back strap is mostly a blue/gray patina; cyl retains about 80% bright restored blue. Grip has a couple of large dings and overall retains about 60-70% refinished varnish. Mechanics are fine, bright shiny bore. 4-48240

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SCARCE COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2018: SCARCE COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 54373. Cal. 45 Colt. Blue and color case hardened with 7-1/2" bbl, full front sight and 1-line block letter address. Left side of the frame has 3-line patent dates and a small "U.S.". Ejector housing is first type with bull's eye ejector rod head. It is mounted with 1-piece walnut grip with matching serial number in backstrap channel. Left side of the grip has the faint outline of a cartouche and what appears to be the date 1880. The inspector initials "DFC" (David F. Clark) appear on various parts including both bottom edges of the grip, frame, bbl, and cylinder. Accompanied by a Colt Factory Letter identifying this revolver, as found, delivered to U.S. Government inspector at the Colt plant on March 20, 1880 in a shipment of 300 guns. Under remarks section the letter also indicates that this revolver was returned to the factory for refurbishing and was again delivered to the U.S Government inspector on October 23, 1895. When this revolver was initially produced it undoubtedly was issued to an active line Cavalry unit for use in the Indian wars. The fact that it was refurbished in 1895 speaks to that premise of hard military use and then that it escaped the recalls of the 1890's and early 20th century indicates that it was again in use or possibly residing in a Militia armory. CONDITION: Extremely fine, all matching including cylinder and grip. Bbl retains about 90% glossy factory blue with a series of light scratches and nicks with some minor flaking. Ejector housing retains about 85% glossy factory blue with light flaking. Frame retains virtually all of its factory case colors, fading on the top strap and recoil shields, brilliant on the sides. Hammer retains faded case colors. Cylinder is a plum blue brown patina with strong blue in the flutes. Trigger guard and backstrap retain bright factory blue with some minor thinning. Grip has chipped toes and overall shows moderate edge wear with a hand worn patina. Mechanics are crisp, brilliant shiny bore. 4-48679 JR66

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NEW YORK MILITIA CAVALRY COLT SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2019: NEW YORK MILITIA CAVALRY COLT SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 54860. Cal. 45 Colt. Blue & color case hardened with 7-1/2" bbl, full front sight and 1-line block letter address. Left side of frame has 3-line patent dates and a small "U.S.". Frame & trigger guard are numbered "54860" with matching last four digits on bottom of bbl under ejector housing. Cyl has the last four digits "5048" on the outer diameter. Buttstrap has the number "132349" and 1-pc walnut grip has last four digits of SN "2349" in backstrap channel which matches the backstrap. Ejector housing is second type with bullseye ejector rod head. Grip is stamped on both sides with a "2" at the top and "6 BATTERY" in the center. Frame, bbl, cyl & right bottom edge of grip are marked with the sub-inspector initial "RAC" (Rinaldo A. Carr). Buttstrap and front end of ejector housing are stamped with the inspector initial "K". According to Cavalry and Artillery Revolvers...A Continuing Study, Kopec & Fenn, it is not unusual to find New York Militia revolvers with field mixed numbers and field replaced grips without cartouches. CONDITION: Very fine. Bbl retains 96-97% glossy orig blue with strong feathers on both sides of the front sight and ejector housing stud; ejector housing retains 90-92% strong orig blue with wear confined to the outer radius; frame retains virtually all of its brilliant orig case colors showing light wear on the recoil shield & loading gate with light to moderate fading on top strap; hammer also retains strong bright colors on the sides & rear edge, faded on top edge; cyl retains 88-90% strong orig blue with a medium drag line and a couple areas of wear; chambers & bore retain strong orig blue; front strap & trigger guard retain most of their strong orig blue; backstrap retains blue in sheltered areas being mostly a blue/brown patina. Grip has chipped toes and shows moderate to heavy wear with a few dings on left side and retains a handworn patina. Mechanics are crisp, brilliant shiny bore, shows very little if any use. 4-48786 JR356

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NETTLETON INSPECTED COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2020: NETTLETON INSPECTED COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 48198. Cal. 45 Colt. Blue & color case hardened with 7-1/" bbl, full front sight and 1-line block letter address. Left side of frame has 3-line patent dates and large "US". Mounted with 1-pc walnut grip with last four digits of matching SN in back strap channel. Left side of grip has the "JEG" (Capt. John E. Greer) inspector cartouche under the date "1878" and right side of grip has the "HN" (Henry Nettleton) sub-inspector cartouche. "HN" initials are also found on various parts including bottom right edge of the grip, bottom of bbl, frame, trigger guard, back strap & hammer. Cyl has the last four digits of the SN "1432" and sub-inspector initials "RAC" (Rinaldo A. Carr). Ejector housing is second type with bull's-eye ejector rod head and base pin is a later replacement without dimpled ends. The book Cavalry and Artillery Revolvers...A Continuing Study, Kopec & Fenn, lists another Cavalry revolver, SN 48200, only two numbers from this one, as being unique with an "X" instead of the "HN" initials on the frame. It also has a mismatched cylinder. CONDITION: Fine to very fine. Bbl retains about 90% strong orig blue with some flaking on the right side of the muzzle and light thinning on the left side; both sides of the front sight and ejector housing stud retain orig feathers; frame retains brilliant case colors in the front gullets and front sides with strong, bright case colors on the top strap and recoil shields with loading gate a silver patina; sides of the frame are lightly cleaned; cyl retains strong blue in the flutes, flaked & worn to a blue/brown patina on the outer diameter; trigger guard & back strap retain strong orig blue. Grip is sound showing light to moderate edge wear, with a few nicks & dings and retains most of its orig oil finish. Hammer is not solid in safety notch, otherwise mechanics are fine, bright shiny bore. 4-48242

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COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2021: COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 119034. Cal. 45 Colt. Blue & color case hardened with 7-1/2" bbl, reattached full front sight and 1-line block letter address. Left side of the frame has 3-line patent dates and large "U.S". Mounted with a 1-pc walnut grip that has last four digits of matching SN in back strap channel. Left side of the grip is marked with the "JGB" (Capt. John G. Butler) cartouche under the date "1887". Right side of the grip bears the "DFC" (David F. Clark) sub-inspector cartouche. Bottom left edge of grip, bottom of bbl, bottom of the frame & cyl also have the "DFC" sub-inspector initials. Base pin is orig type with dimpled ends. In addition to the reattached front sight, both sides of the bbl have peened & dressed tool marks which areas have been artificially aged. This revolver was part of the 11th Contract which was signed Nov. 4, 1886 and completed in Feb. & March 1887. This revolver falls just before the listed serial range for the John G. Butler series as listed in Colt Cavalry and Artillery Revolvers...A Continuing Study, Kopec & Fenn, which lists the contract as being in the #119047 through #121238 range. CONDITION: Fine, all matching. Bbl retains about 75-80% glossy orig blue with the restoration as noted above; frame retains about 65-70% orig case colors, brilliant in the front gullets, moderately faded elsewhere and turning silver; hammer retains about 80% orig case colors; cyl retains most of an old restored finish with strong dark blue in the flutes, faded on the outer diameter to a blue/brown patina; trigger guard & back strap retain strong blue in sheltered areas, turning a little plummy on the front & back straps. Grip has a couple of chips in the edges, shows moderate edge wear with a few light nicks & scratches and retains most of its strong orig finish. Mechanics are fine, bright shiny bore. 4-48239

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COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2022: COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 119442. Cal. 45 Colt. Blue and color cased hardened with 7-1/2" bbl, slightly dinged front sight and block letter 1-line address. Left side of frame has 3-line patent dates and "U.S". Ejector housing is 3rd type with half-moon ejector rod head. Mounted with the correct 1-pc walnut grip whose SN in backstrap channel is obscured. Left side of grip has the legible cartouche "JGB" (Capt. John G. Butler) under the date 1887 and the right side has the outline of the "DFC" (David F. Clark) sub-inspector cartouche. This revolver originated in the 11th contract signed Nov 4, 1886 for 2,000 revolvers, which was completed by March 24, 1887. Capt. Butler was the only inspector whose cartouche is without a border, the reason for which is unknown. The "DFC" inspector initials are also found on left bottom edge of grip, frame, bottom of bbl and cyl. Revolvers of this series were generally issued to the cavalry regiments stationed on the American Frontier and generally saw hard and continuous service during the Indian Wars, and afterwards, and are rarely found with high orig finish. CONDITION: Very fine, all matching except grip, as noted. Bbl retains 96-97% strong orig blue with strong feathers on both sides of front sight and both sides of ejector housing stud; ejector housing retains strong orig blue in gullets, moderately thinned on outer radius; frame and hammer retain strong case colors, moderately faded on the left recoil shield and front sides of frame; loading gate is a gray metal patina; cyl retains about 90% thin blue, stronger in the flutes; trigger guard and backstrap retain strong blue in sheltered areas with a gray frontstrap and center of the backstrap; bottom of grip shows numerous nicks and dings with no corresponding damage on buttstrap, indicating that this may be a period of use orig equipment replacement; grip has a slightly chipped left heel, otherwise is sound, showing a heavy hand worn patina; mechanics are crisp; bright shiny bore. 4-47539

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FINE 1880s COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2023: FINE 1880s COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 71052. Cal. 45 Colt. Blue & color case hardened with 7-1/2" bbl, full front sight and very light 1-line block letter address. Left side of frame has 3-line patent dates and "U.S.". Mounted with 1-pc walnut grip whose number in the backstrap channel is obscured with staining. Left side of grip has the date "1881" over the oval inspector cartouche "CCM" (Lt. Charles C. Morrison). Right side has the very faint oval sub-inspector cartouche of "DFC" (David F. Clark) whose initials also appear on bottom right edge of grip, bottom of bbl, bottom of frame & cylinder. Ejector housing is third type with first type bull's eye ejector rod head and has the "K" inspector initials on the tip. Trigger guard has the mystery "G" inspector initial. Base pin is a late replacement without dimpled ends. This revolver appears to be one of the 800 or so Cavalry revolvers recalled in 1893, refurbished and re-issued to a militia unit. Accompanied by a 1-1/2 page letter from renowned researcher, historian & Colt authority, John Kopec, wherein he speculates that this revolver may have been issued to a Michigan militia and therefore escaped the alteration to artillery configuration. CONDITION: Very fine. Bbl & ejector housing retain 95-96% glossy orig blue with very light muzzle edge wear and a few small scattered spots of flaking; bbl shows strong feathers on both sides of front sight and ejector housing stud; frame retains strong case colors in sheltered areas, heavily faded on left side with light case colors on right side; hammer retains brilliant case colors on sides & rear edge, faded to silver on top edge; cylinder retains 80-85% thinning blue on outer diameter with strong blue in the flutes; trigger guard retains strong orig blue with candy striping; backstrap retains strong blue with light wear & flaking. Grip has a bruise on right side, otherwise is sound with a few light nicks and retains a handworn patina. Mechanics are fine, bright shiny bore, has been fired but very little. 4-48799 JR362

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FINE LATE COLT CAVALRY MODEL SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2024: FINE LATE COLT CAVALRY MODEL SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 132836. Cal. 45 Colt. Blue & color case hardened with 7-1/2" bbl, full front sight and 1-line block letter address. Left side of frame has 3-line patent dates and a small "US". Mounted with 1-pc walnut grip with last four digits of matching SN in backstrap channel. Left side of grip has a mostly legible "SEB" (Capt. Stanhope E. Blunt) inspector cartouche under the date "1890" and the right side a fully legible "RAC" (Rinaldo A. Carr) sub-inspector cartouche. The frame, bbl, cyl & left bottom edge of grip are also marked with the "RAC" sub-inspector initials. Trigger guard, backstrap & end of ejector housing have the "K" inspector initials. Screws & trigger are fire blued. All visible SNs are matching with last four digits of matching SN on bottom of bbl & cyl. This revolver was in the last contracts of governmental orders which were usually issued to state militias which allowed them to escape the recalls of the 1890s and early 20th century where large numbers of Cavalry revolvers were converted to artillery configuration by having their bbls reduced to 5-1/2" and usually with mixed parts. CONDITION: Extremely fine, all matching including cyl & grip. Bbl retains virtually all of its crisp glossy blue with only faint sharp edge wear on left side and a small scratch on left side; both sides of hammer & ejector housing stud show strong feathers; ejector housing has a couple of small nicks on outer radius and shows very light sharp edge wear; frame & hammer retain virtually all of their orig case colors, brilliant in sheltered areas, lightly to moderately faded elsewhere, thin on the recoil shield; hammer retains brilliant case colors turned a little dark on top edge; trigger guard & backstrap retain virtually all of their bright orig blue with a few small nicks on backstrap; cyl retains about 90% crisp orig blue with scrape lines around outer diameter and shows strong blue in the chambers and bore of the bbl. Grip has a tiny chip on left toe and a couple of dings on each side, shows light to moderate wear and retains most of its orig oil finish. Mechanics are crisp, brilliant shiny bore, appears to be completely unfired. 4-48765 JR334

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COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2025: COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 33060. Cal. 45 Colt. Blue & color case hardened with 7-1/2" bbl, full front sight and 1-line block letter address. Left side of frame has 2-line, 2-patent dates and a small "U.S.". Mounted with 1-pc walnut grip that is stamped on left side "A / 250" which is Batallion A of the New York Militia and rack #250, and has matching SN in backstrap channel. Buttstrap is fitted with a swivel as found on a number of New York Militia revolvers. Frame has the sub-inspector initials "J.T.C." (John T. Cleveland) which are also found on bottom of bbl & cylinder. Grip is marked on bottom right edge "RAC" (Rinaldo A. Carr) whose inspector mark was applied during the Colt restoration in 1895. During the restoration process two additional matching numbers were added to the bbl SN and cyl number. It also appears that the middle "0" on the cylinder is stamped over another number. This revolver is listed by SN on p. 49 of Colt Cavalry and Artillery Revolvers...A Continuing Study, Kopec & Fenn, as having been issued to the New York Militia. CONDITION: About fine, all matching including grip. Bbl retains about 70% orig blue, strong in sheltered areas, thin and turning to a plummy blue patina elsewhere; frame retains about 60% faded case colors, a little stronger in sheltered areas; hammer retains 60-70% fire blue; cyl retains 50-60% thin blue; trigger guard & backstrap retain strong blue in sheltered areas, blue/brown patina elsewhere. Grip has a chipped right toe and shows moderate to heavy wear and retains a hand worn patina. Hammer is not solid in half-cock notch, otherwise mechanics are fine, strong bore with moderate to heavy pitting. 4-48788 JR345

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LATE NEW YORK MILITIA COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION REVOLVER.

Lot 2026: LATE NEW YORK MILITIA COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 140060. Cal. 45 Colt. Blue & color case hardened with 7-1/2" bbl, full front sight and 1-line block letter address. Left side of frame has the 2-line, 3-patent dates and a small "U.S". Mounted with 1-pc walnut grip that has last four digits of matching SN in backstrap channel. It shows a legible "SEB" (Capt. Stanhope E. Blunt) inspector cartouche below the date "1891" on left side. Right side of grip has the legible "RAC" (Rinaldo A. Carr) sub-inspector cartouche. Right side of grip also has stamped crossed signal flags with a "2" above and "NY" below which surmounts the number "25". This indicates that this revolver was assigned to 2nd Signal Brigade, New York Militia and was revolver rack #25. Buttstrap is hand-stamped "2 / SC / 25", having the same significance. Bottom of the frame by the SN, bottom of bbl, cyl and bottom left edge of grip all have the "RAC" sub-inspector initials. Trigger guard, buttstrap and front end of ejector housing are marked with the "K" inspector initial. This revolver was part of the last contract for Cavalry revolvers. Only because they were in the New York Militia Armory at the time did they escape the recalls of the 1890s and early 20th century where large numbers of Cavalry revolvers were converted to artillery configuration by having their bbls reduced to 5-1/2", usually with mixed parts. All visible numbers are matching with last four digits of matching SN on bottom of bbl & cyl. CONDITION: Fine, all matching including grip. Bbl & ejector housing retain 60-70% orig blue with the loss areas a medium patina, silver blue on outer radius of ejector housing with fine pitting on right side of muzzle; frame retains faded case colors in sheltered areas being mostly faded to smoky case colors and silver/brown patina; hammer retains faded case colors on sides & rear edge, turned silver on top; cyl retains thin blue in the flutes being a medium brown patina on outer diameter; trigger guard & backstrap retain blue in sheltered areas with front & backstraps a blue/gray patina. Grip is sound showing moderate to heavy wear with all cartouches and date thin but legible. Mechanics are crisp, bright shiny bore with some light frosting in the grooves. 4-48809 JR365

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RARE HENRY NETTLETON INSPECTED,

Lot 2027: RARE HENRY NETTLETON INSPECTED, "U.S.I.D." MARKED NICKEL PLATED COLT SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 49391. Cal. 45 Colt. Nickel finish with 7-1/2" bbl, full front sight and 1-line block letter address. Left side of frame has 3-line patent dates and "US". Left front web of trigger guard has the civilian caliber marking. Ejector housing is second type with bull's eye ejector rod head. Mounted with 1-pc walnut grip that has last four digits of matching SN in backstrap channel. Left side of grip has the outline of an oval cartouche as does the right side, neither of which are legible. Buttstrap is stamped in block letters "U.S.I.D.", which stands for U.S. Interior Department which was the governmental department in charge of Indian affairs, including the Indian Police. All visible SNs are matching and the bbl & cyl have the last four digits of matching SN. Frame, trigger guard, backstrap, bbl & cyl are all stamped "H.N." (Henry Nettleton), sub-inspector. Page 250 of A Study of The Colt Single Action Army Revolver, Graham, Kopec & Moore, disclosed that as of that writing there has only ever been one Single Action revolver reported with this buttstrap stamping. Over the years various theories & speculations have surfaced regarding Indian Scout/Indian Police issued nickel plated sidearms. Some of these theories are based on photographs of Indian Scouts and Police holding what appear to be nickel plated Single Actions. It is known that Gen. Custer, in order to distinguish individual units' arms, had them specifically marked and that he is believed to have issued his Scouts nickel plated Single Action revolvers. It is further known that individual Army officers could purchase nickel plated revolvers through the National Armory as there are several recorded letters & invoices for such revolvers. It should be noted that the screws & trigger are fire-blued and the hammer is color case hardened which is typical of those revolvers nickel plated by the Colt factory whereas those revolvers known to have been plated at the National Armory or by a private firm had nickeled screws & hammers. Accompanied by a Colt factory letter identifying this revolver in caliber 45, bbl length, finish & type of stocks not listed, sold to & delivered to U.S. Government on Aug. 12, 1878 in a shipment of 150 guns. CONDITION: Very fine plus. Overall retains most of a strong, bright nickel with some extremely fine freckling on the frame; cyl retains most of its nickel with some very fine flaking in two or three of the flutes; trigger guard & backstrap retain dull nickel mixed with polished metal; hammer retains strong case colors on right side with traces elsewhere, faded to silver on top. Grip is sound showing heavy edge wear and a dark & worn patina. Mechanics are fine, bright shiny bore. 4-48759 JR337

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SCARCE NICKEL PLATED COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2028: SCARCE NICKEL PLATED COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 12661. Cal. 45 Colt. Nickel finish with 7-1/2" bbl, full front sight and 1-line script address with serifs at each end. Frame has 2-line, 2-patent dates and a small "U.S.". Various parts including bbl, cyl, trigger guard & backstrap have the small "A" (Orville W. Ainsworth) sub-inspector initial. Ejector housing is first type with bull's eye ejector rod head and base pin is correct style with dimpled ends. Cyl has the early style stop notches with very short approaches and buttstrap has a sharp toe. Buttstrap also has a lanyard swivel. Mounted with 1-pc ivory grip that is constructed of two slabs of ivory attached to two wooden spacers with orig Colt style. All visible numbers are matching with the bottom of the bbl & cyl having last four digits of matching SN. These nickeled revolvers are considered "buybacks" with this revolver being part of a large shipment made to the Commonwealth of Virginia who almost immediately sold them to private dealers in New York, one being Hermann Boker who apparently took these new revolvers, had them nickel finished with civilian style grips added and sold them on the open market. Page 21 of Colt Cavalry and Artillery Revolvers...A Continuing Study, Kopec & Fenn, lists this revolver, by SN, as being one of the nickeled buyback Cavalry Single Actions. CONDITION: Very fine, all matching except grip which is unnumbered. Overall retains most of its strong nickel finish with slight muzzle edge losses, some light pimpling on right side of frame and worn or cleaned to bare metal on about half of the backstrap; cyl retains traces of orig nickel, being mostly a cleaned gray metal patina with some fine pitting in cloth patterns. Grip is sound with a few natural age lines and retains a golden ivory patina. Mechanics are crisp, strong bore with scattered fine pitting. 4-48762 JR328

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SCARCE COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2029: SCARCE COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 13416. Cal. 45 Colt. Nickel finish with 7-1/2" bbl, full front sight and 1-line script letter address with serifs. Left side of frame has 2-line patent dates and a small "U.S.". Mounted with 1-pc walnut grip with last four digits of matching SN in back strap channel. Left side of the grip has the faint outline of the orig "OWA" (Orville W. Ainsworth) inspector cartouche. Most of the parts are also stamped with a tiny "A" by Mr. Ainsworth. Ejector housing is first type with bull's eye ejector rod head and base pin is first type with dimpled ends. This revolver was part of about 2,000 similar revolvers issued to the Commonwealth of Virginia in 1874. Virginia, at that time, being in dire need of funds, sold all 2,000+ revolvers to a major New York distributor, Herman Boker & Co., who had a large number of them nickel plated and resold them on the commercial market. Accompanied by a 2-page letter from renowned historian & author, John Kopec, wherein he relates most of the above information. This revolver is listed by SN on p. 161 of the book Cavalry & Artillery Revolvers, A Continuing Study, Kopec & Fenn, as one of the known Ainsworth nickel plated revolvers. CONDITION: Good, all matching including bbl, cyl & grip. Bbl retains 30-40% nickel, mostly under & around ejector housing with balance cleaned to a gray metal patina with scattered fine pitting; frame retains about 30% orig nickel, mostly on right side with balance cleaned to a gray metal patina; trigger guard retains about 50% nickel with front strap & trigger bow gray metal patina; back strap & butt strap retain about 80% strong nickel with a few light scratches; cyl retains 40-50% orig nickel, strong in the flutes and mixed with gray metal patina on outer diameter; ejector housing retains about 75% nickel. Grip has a chipped left toe, shows heavy wear and retains a hand worn patina. Half-cock notch is broken, otherwise mechanics are fine, strong bore with light to moderate pitting. 4-47863 JR64

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RARE CLEVELAND INSPECTED NICKELED COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2030: RARE CLEVELAND INSPECTED NICKELED COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 35556. Cal. 45 Colt. Nickel finish with 7-1/2" bbl, full front sight and 1-line block letter address. Left side of frame has 3-line patent dates and a small "U.S.". Mounted with a 1-pc ivory grip consisting of two slabs of ivory attached to two wooden spacer blocks as originally produced by Colt. Ejector housing is first type with bull's eye ejector rod head. Frame, bbl & cyl all have the "J.T.C." (John T. Cleveland) sub-inspector initials. All visible SNs are matching and the bbl & cyl have last four digits of matching SN. According to A Study of the Colt Single Action Army Revolver, Graham, Kopec & Moore, p. 249 identifies this revolver and another by SN as one of two known nickeled Cleveland inspected U.S. revolvers and states "It is believed that these two revolvers were special ordered for officer's personal use. In a later publication Cavalry & Artillery Revolvers...A Continuing Study, Kopec & Fenn, on p. 49 identify eight nickeled revolvers of the Cleveland series, by SN, but do not include this one, with the notation that they may be buyback revolvers with one listed as "condemned" and another an "overrun". It is known that Springfield Armory did accept orders from officers in the field for revolvers with nickel plating. Accompanied by a Colt factory letter which identifies this revolver in caliber 45 with bbl length, finish & type of stocks not listed, sold to the U.S. Government and delivered at the Colt factory Feb. 13, 1877 in a 203-gun shipment. The date of delivery of this revolver certainly coincides with prime Indian War issues and it seems unlikely that the government, once a firearm had been received would have released it to the public instead of being issuing it to a trooper in the field. CONDITION: Very fine, all matching except grip which is unnumbered. Overall retains most of its strong nickel finish with slight wear losses around the muzzle, some light flaking on the bbl, backstrap & buttstrap and a little heavier flaking on the cyl; hammer retains 40-50% milky nickel and the screw heads dark blue. Grip is sound with numerous small age lines and some rust staining around the back & buttstrap slots, corresponding to light rust spotting on the sides of the backstrap & buttstrap; grip is slightly shrunken. Hammer is not solid in safety or half cock notches, otherwise mechanics are fine, bright shiny bore with some very fine orange peel type pitting. 4-48754 JR336

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LATE NEW YORK MILITIA COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2031: LATE NEW YORK MILITIA COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 136974. Cal. 45 Colt. Blue & color case hardened with 7-1/2" bbl, full front sight and 1-line block letter address. Left side of frame has the 2-line, 3-patent dates and a small "U.S". Mounted with 1-pc walnut grip that has a legible "SEB" (Capt. Stanhope E. Blunt) inspector cartouche below the date "1891". Right side of grip has the partially legible "RAC" (Rinaldo A. Carr) sub-inspector cartouche. Right side of grip also has stamped crossed signal flags with a "2" above and "NY" below which surmounts the number "35". This indicates that this revolver was assigned to 2nd Signal Brigade, New York Militia and was revolver rack #35. Buttstrap is hand-stamped "2 / SC / 35", having the same significance. Bottom of the frame by the SN, bottom of bbl, cyl and bottom left edge of grip all have the "RAC" sub-inspector initials. Trigger guard, buttstrap and front end of ejector housing are marked with the "K" inspector initial. This revolver was part of the last contract for Cavalry revolvers. Only because they were in the New York Militia Armory at the time did they escape the recalls of the 1890s and early 20th century where large numbers of Cavalry revolvers were converted to artillery configuration by having their bbls reduced to 5-1/2", usually with mixed parts. All visible numbers are matching with last four digits of matching SN on bottom of bbl & cyl. CONDITION: Fine to very fine, all matching. Bbl retains 90-92% strong orig blue with some mottling around the muzzle and thinning on left side; orig feathers are lightly visible on both sides of front sight and ejector housing stud; ejector housing retains bright blue in the gullets with the outer radius a mostly blue/brown patina; frame retains faded case colors in sheltered areas being mostly a light brown patina; cyl retains faded blue in the flutes with the outer diameter a light blue/brown patina with a few scattered spots of pitting; trigger guard & backstrap retain blue in sheltered areas with the front & backstraps blue/gray patina. Grip is sound showing moderate to heavy wear with all legends visible and retains a hand worn patina. Mechanics are fine, strong bright bore with fine frosty pitting. 4-48761 JR329

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COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2032: COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 17579. Cal. 45 Colt. Usual configuration with bbl slightly reduced to 7-3/8", full front sight and 1-line script letter address with serifs. Left side of frame has 2-line patent dates and a small "U.S". Mounted with a 1-pc, period of use replacement walnut grip. Bottom of the bbl, trigger guard, back strap & cyl are all marked with a tiny "J" (believed to be W.W. Johnson) sub-inspector initials. Ejector housing is first type with bull's eye ejector rod head and base pin is orig type with dimpled ends. Grip is without inspector cartouches or initials and if there was a SN in the back strap channel it is obscured by oil staining. Regardless, grip appears to be a period of use replacement that fits nearly perfectly. This revolver was produced in 1875, at the height of the Indian Wars and almost certainly would have seen service with a front line cavalry unit on the American frontier. The fact that it escaped the recalls of the 1890s and early 1900s attests to the theory that it may have been lost in battle, stolen or possibly assigned to a militia unit. During those recalls most cavalry revolvers were reworked to artillery configuration with 5-1/2" bbls. This revolver is listed, by SN, on p. 43 of Colt Cavalry and Artillery Revolvers...A Continuing Study, Kopec & Fenn, in a group of known revolvers with "J" sub-inspector initials. Several other revolvers from this series are known to have been 7th Cavalry replacement revolvers after the Battle at Little Big Horn. CONDITION: Very good, all matching, except grip as noted. Traces of orig finish remain in the most sheltered areas being mostly a clean gray metal patina with some fine pitting near the muzzle on the right side; hammer retains strong case colors. Grip is sound showing heavy wear and a hand worn patina. Mechanics are solid, strong bright bore with a few scattered spots of light pitting. 4-48238

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AINSWORTH INSPECTED COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2033: AINSWORTH INSPECTED COLT CAVALRY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 4096. Cal. 45 Colt. Usual configuration with 7-1/2" bbl, full front sight and 1-line script address with serifs at each end. Left side of frame has small 2-line, 2-patents and "U.S." Mounted with 1-pc walnut grip with matching SN in backstrap channel and a partially visible cartouche on left side. Ejector housing is first type with bull's eye ejector rod head. Various parts including bbl, cyl, backstrap and bottom left edge of the grip are also stamped with the small "A", the initial of inspector Orville W. Ainsworth. This revolver was part of 1,000 revolvers of Lot 4 which were shipped Jan. 31, 1874 to the 2nd Cavalry stationed in Wyoming and the Rocky Mountain West and east into Kansas with outposts scattered throughout the region. They were very active in fighting the Indians including the Battle of Powder River in March 1876 and the Battle of the Rosebud in June 17, 1876, just preceding the Custer Battle of Little Big Horn. They were part of the campaign with Gen. Crook who was scheduled to link up with Custer to present an overwhelming force to convince the Indians that it would be in their best interest to return to the reservation. Instead, as history shows, Custer struck out on his own with the 7th Cavalry and was overwhelmed on June 25 & 26. The column under Gen. Crook, after the Battle of the Rosebud had retreated to regroup without being able to communicate with Custer. Later when word came to them of Custer's massacre they advanced to the Little Big Horn and buried the dead and collected discarded & damaged weapons. The 2nd Cavalry had acquitted itself very well at the Rosebud, forcing the attacking Indians to scatter & retreat. The regiment continued to serve in the West throughout the Indian Wars and were involved in numerous fights & skirmishes well into the 1880s and later. CONDITION: Good, all matching including grip. Overall retains traces of orig finish with bright blue under the ejector housing, having been cleaned, now with a gray/brown patina; hammer retains strong case colors on the sides and rear edge; cyl is matching patina as is the grip frame. Grip has chipped toes with some battering on bottom edges, shows heavy wear and retains an old restored finish. Mechanics are crisp, bright shiny bore with a few scattered spots of pitting. 4-48795 JR352

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FINE COLT ARTILLERY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2034: FINE COLT ARTILLERY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 2713. Cal. 45 Colt. Blue & color case hardened with 5-1/2" bbl, full front sight and 1-line block letter address with caliber marking on left side. Left side of frame has 2-line, 2-patent dates and "U.S." Mounted with a 1-pc walnut grip with no SN in back strap channel. Neither trigger guard nor butt strap are serial numbered although the trigger guard has a "K" inspector initial. Left bottom edge of the grip is marked with the "RAC" (Rinaldo A. Carr) sub-inspector initials which are also found on bottom of bbl, under the base pin and rear face of cylinder. Ejector housing is third type with half moon ejector rod head. According to Cavalry and Artillery Revolvers, A Continuing Study, Kopec & Fenn, the frame of this revolver was shipped from the Springfield Armory on Jan. 15, 1874 in a 1,000-gun shipment to San Antonio, TX to arm the 4th Regiment of Cavalry. The 4th Regiment was engaged in fighting Indians in the Southwest in Texas, New Mexico & Arizona and were a famous & storied fighting unit. They were assigned to Texas in 1865 and although active throughout the region only fought a few skirmishes. That all changed in 1870 when the Comanches and Utes became very active. Later in 1874 under Col. McKenzie the 4th fought several times with the Comanche finally reducing their territory substantially. They continued fighting in Texas and eventually were assigned to Arizona where they pursued and captured Geronimo. They are also famous for their raid into Northern Mexico. Undoubtedly the frame on this revolver saw action in many of these battles. It was only in the 1890s and early 20th century that the Cavalry revolvers were recalled and altered to artillery configuration as found here. This revolver has a commercial bbl, cyl, trigger guard & back strap that remained unnumbered during the rebuild. This work was probably carried out at Springfield Armory. CONDITION: Extremely fine plus. Overall retains about 98% crisp arsenal restored finish with only light muzzle edge wear and some minor thinning on bbl & cylinder; trigger guard has one small spot of pitting on left rear edge of the shoulder, otherwise it and the back strap retain most of their fine arsenal blue; cyl retains about 95% glossy blue with sharp edge wear and a light drag line; frame & hammer retain most of their case colors, strong & bright in sheltered areas, fading elsewhere; both sides of the bbl boss show light peening, apparently an attempt to tighten the bbl in the frame; screws & trigger retain most of their bright blue. Grip is sound showing light edge wear and retains most of its strong oil finish. Mechanics are crisp, brilliant shiny bore, may be unfired since rebuild. 4-48752 JR324

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COLT ARTILLERY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2035: COLT ARTILLERY SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 35012. Cal. 45 Colt. Blue & color case hardened with 5-1/2" bbl, slightly thinned front sight and 1-line block letter address. Left side of frame has 3-line patent dates and a small "U.S.". Mounted with a 1-pc walnut grip that has last four digits "2360" or possibly "2368" in backstrap channel. Frame is marked with the "J.T.C." (John T. Cleveland) sub-inspector initials and is numbered "35012". Buttstrap is not inspected and has SN "54475". Cyl is Ainsworth inspected and has last four digits "0370" on the outer diameter. Bbl is numbered "4297" and is "DFC" (David F. Clark) inspected. The most interesting part is the trigger guard which is Ainsworth inspected and has the full SN "4863". This trigger guard was from Lot 5 which was for 1,000 Cavalry revolvers in the serial range 4500-5504, from which 755 revolvers were issued to the 7th Cavalry under Lt. Col. Custer in the second quarter of 1874. The other 250 or so revolvers were issued to the 1st Cavalry, another historic fighting Cavalry regiment. Odds are very that this trigger guard was on a revolver that fought at the Little Big Horn. CONDITION: Fine, mixed numbers as noted. Bbl retains about 85-88% glossy Colt blue with feathers on both sides of front sight and upper side of the ejector housing stud; frame retains strong case colors in the most sheltered areas with smoky case colors and silvery patina elsewhere; hammer retains smoky case colors turned silver on top & back edges; cyl retains strong blue in the flutes at about 60% thin orig blue on outer diameter; trigger guard & backstrap retain traces of blue, being mostly a silver/gray patina; ejector housing retains strong blue in the gullets, thin & turning silver on outer radius. Grip is sound showing moderate to heavy wear, having been cleaned & re-oiled and retains a hand worn patina. Mechanics are fine, bright shiny bore. 4-48787 JR344

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COLT ARTILLERY MODEL SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2036: COLT ARTILLERY MODEL SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 1559. Cal. 45 Colt. Blue & color case hardened with 5-1/2" bbl, slightly reduced front sight and 1-line block letter address with caliber marking on left side. Left side of frame has 2-line patent dates and "U.S.". Mounted with 1-pc walnut grip that has "RAC" (Rinaldo A. Carr) sub-inspector initials on left bottom edge. Ejector housing is second type with half moon ejector rod head. Frame is numbered "1559", trigger guard "119812" and buttstrap has only last two digits "73" visible and has the earliest style sharp toe. Cyl is unnumbered and has "RAC" initials on rear face. Bbl is also unnumbered with "RAC" initials on the bottom. This is one of the revolvers rebuilt during the recalls of 1895 & 1903 and has a replacement cyl and civilian style bbl. Bbl has the address with a period after the "O" in "Co" of the address. Neither the cyl nor bbl have SNs or "P" proofs. Apparently during the refurbishing process this revolver was also supplied with a new trigger, screws and a fire blued hammer similar to those of the New York Militia. CONDITION: Very fine. Bbl retains 80-85% glossy Colt blue with holster wear on left side and a thin spot on the right side; ejector housing retains strong blue in the gullets being a plum/brown patina on the outer radius; frame retains about all of its orig case colors, strong & bright in sheltered areas, lightly to moderately faded elsewhere; hammer retains about 75% fire blue; cyl retains strong blue in the flutes, thin on the outside with a heavy drag line; trigger guard & backstrap retain blue in sheltered areas with the front & back straps blue/gray patina with candy striping. Grip has a chipped right toe, otherwise is sound showing moderate to heavy wear and retains a handworn patina. Hammer is not solid in safety notch, otherwise mechanics are fine, strong bright bore with scattered fine pitting. 4-48791 JR351

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VERY RARE AUTHENTICATED COLT SHERIFFS MODEL SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2037: VERY RARE AUTHENTICATED COLT SHERIFFS MODEL SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: PLEASE NOTE (10/7/13): The serial number was omitted from the catalog description. The SN is 122385. Cal .44 WCF (44-40). Blue color case hardened with 4" bbl made without ejector housing. Front sight is altered slightly, having been thinned. Small 2-line address and left side has the full, legible etched panel "COLT FRONTIER SIX SHOOTER". Bottom of bbl is marked with a tiny "44" under the base pin. Frame is considered a "made as" frame, not converted from a frame with ejector housing. Left side of frame has 3-line patent dates and left front web of trigger guard is marked "44 CAL". Mounted with 1-pc varnished walnut grip that has last four digits of matching serial number in the backstrap channel. Hammer is correct style with long, coarse checkered panel and all visible numbers are matching. Rear face of cylinder is marked with an "I" inspector mark and hammer slot of the frame is marked with a "p". Base pin is orig type with dimpled ends. Accompanied by a Colt Factory letter which identifies this revolver in Cal 44-40 with 4" bbl, blue finish, type of stock not listed and shipped to "A. G. Spearth", Astoria, OR on October 20, 1887 in a two gun shipment. Also accompanied by a 4-page letter from renowned Colt historian, author, Ron Graham, and someone who is considered to be one of the most knowledgeable experts regarding the Colt Single Action Army Sheriffs Model revolvers. Mr. Graham gives a brief history of the Sheriffs Model revolvers and states that the person named in the records, to whom the revolver was shipped "A.G. Spearth" has another spelling in the records as "Spexart". Mr. Graham also states that there are only 5 surviving examples of Sheriffs Model Single Actions with etched panel bbls that were discovered during his 35 years of extensive research for his books. He states that the total production will never be known because so many of those revolvers were subjected to such hard service, under extreme conditions which erased the shallow etched panels. His research confirmed the production of at least 426 ejectorless Single Action revolvers but is definitely not a total production number. He states that his research has concluded that about 23% of Sheriffs Model revolvers were chambered for the 44-40 cartridge and that extrapolation of the figures show that there were probably only about 75 which had etched panels. He also states that this revolver is factory orig and that all characteristics found on this revolver are correct for its 1887 production period. He recants that conversation between Mr. Graham and well known Sheriffs Model collector and authority, John Irwin, disclosed that Mr. Graham had never previously seen a complete etched panel on a Sheriffs Model revolver until this one and that Mr. Irwin had never seen or heard of a complete panel on a Sheriffs Model revolver. Also, Mr. Irwin believes that the person or company to whom this revolver was shipped was probably "A. G. Spalding & Bros". Also accompanying is a sheet of combined research from Mr. Graham and Mr. Irwin as of Dec 1986, which shows that as of that date there were 428 authenticated Sheriffs Model serial numbers that had been documented and that there were 124 Sheriffs Model revolvers still in existence. The list also shows that the lowest know "made as" frame is this revolver. All of this information combines to make this one of the most rare Single Actions and also one of the most rare of Sheriffs Model revolvers. CONDITION: Very fine, all matching. Bbl retains about 50% orig blue with the balance mostly turned to a plummy patina with holster wear on left side at the muzzle. Frame and hammer retain traces of faded case color in the most sheltered areas being mostly a silver gray patina. Cylinder retains about 50% thin orig blue on the outer diameter, strong in the flutes. Rear face in the cylinder retains strong orig blue. Backstrap and trigger guard retain traces of orig blue and plummy patina with front and backstraps grey patina. Buttstrap has some scratched initial that may be "MV". Grip is sound showing moderate edge wear, a few nicks and scratches and retains 75-80% orig varnish. Hammer is not solid in safety or half cock notches, otherwise mechanics are fine. Strong bright bore with good shine and a few scatters spots of light pitting. Has been fired but not a lot, mostly just handled and carried. This is a true exceptional Single Action in great orig condition. 4-49415 JR309

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FINE AND IMPORTANT CUNO A. HELFRICHT ENGRAVED COLT SINGLE ACTION REVOLVER, SILVER- AND GOLD-PLATED WITH ONE-PIECE IVORY GRIPS , WITH EXHIBITION GRADE EMBELLISHMENTS.

Lot 2038: FINE AND IMPORTANT CUNO A. HELFRICHT ENGRAVED COLT SINGLE ACTION REVOLVER, SILVER- AND GOLD-PLATED WITH ONE-PIECE IVORY GRIPS , WITH EXHIBITION GRADE EMBELLISHMENTS.

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Description: SN 56286. .45 cal, 7-1/2" bbl with one-line maker and Hartford address marking on top; "45 CAL" on left side of front bow of triggerguard; three-line three patent date marking on left side of frame; silver-plated with gold-plated cyl, hammer and ejector rod housing; blued screws, cyl pin, ejector rod head and trigger; one-piece ivory grips. Profusely and finely scroll and border engraved on barrel, ejector rod housing, cyl, frame and gripstraps; ejector rod housing also with zig-zag lines and punched dot motifs; sunburst motif on top flat of backstrap. Note last four digits of serial number, 6286, on cyl within riband, in line with one of the flutes. Included is a Colt factory letter stating revolver left factory with silver finish and gold-finished cyl, ejector and hammer. Ivory grips. It was shipped on July 5, 1880 in a shipment of one gun to C.E. Gildea. CONDITION: Fine. 85% silver-plating, with tarnish, blemish near muzzle; light wear and spots patina; 75% gold,light wear and patina;50% blue; engraving sharp; grips very good to fine, rich, mellow patina; minor chipping and wear at butt and cracks visible on butt of grips. See R.L. Wilson, The Colt Engraving Book, volume I, chapter 10, page 416, where this revolver is pictured in color, with detailed description, identifying the work as by Cuno A. Helfricht himself. Wilson's The Colt Engraving Book, volume I, page 416, notes: "Considered one of the finest prewar Single Action Army revolvers known." 4-48349

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RECENTLY DISCOVERED EXTREMELY RARE ENGRAVED NICKEL & GOLD COLT SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2039: RECENTLY DISCOVERED EXTREMELY RARE ENGRAVED NICKEL & GOLD COLT SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 32922. Cal. 45 Colt. Nickel & gold finish with 7-1/2" bbl, full front sight and 1-line block letter address. Left side of frame has small 2-line patent dates and caliber marking on left rear web of trigger guard. Mounted with 1-pc smooth ivory grip. Revolver appears to have been manufactured in late 1876 and was engraved by Eugene Young in his minimalist style similar to engraving on two other important gold & nickel revolvers sold by Julia's in the recent past. Bbl, frame, trigger guard & back strap are nickel finish while the cyl, hammer, trigger & front sight are gold washed. All screws are fire blued. SN is found on bottom of frame, trigger guard & buttstrap, which are all accompanied by a small "E" which indicates that this revolver was destined for factory engraving. Last four digits of matching SN are found on the cyl & bottom of bbl under ejector housing. Engraving consists of light coverage on frame, recoil shield, loading gate, bbl, ejector housing, cyl, back strap, butt strap & trigger guard. Top of back strap, back of hammer slot is engraved in an oval pattern with cross hatching and a similar pattern on each side of the hammer nose with foliate arabesque patterns on sides of shank & hammer spur. Accompanied by a Colt factory letter identifying this revolver in caliber 45 Colt, bbl length not listed, nickel with gold cyl, hammer, trigger & screws, type of stocks not listed, factory engraved & shipped to B. Kittredge & Co., Cincinnati, OH, on Dec. 18, 1878 in a 20-gun shipment. It is apparent that the gold screws mentioned are either a data entry mistake in the records or a transcription mistake when the letter was printed. Screws are all fire blued but it has a gold sight which is probably what the orig entry was supposed to be. Also accompanied by a notarized statement dated July 10, 2009 over the signature of George R. Dullnig, wherein he states that this revolver, identified by SN, "Has been in our family since a few years after the 1776-1876 Centennial celebration." In the next paragraph he states "My grandfather, Richard E. Rolle, wanted one of the beautiful guns of Colt's centennial wheel display. He purchased the gun from the Colt Manufacturing Co. for, I'm told, around thirty plus dollars which he considered a significant amount of money, although he owned a successful clothing company." He goes on that his family moved from Philadelphia to Houston, TX and left this revolver to his father, George E. Dullnig, who then bequeathed it to George R. Dullnig. Mr. Dullnig's statement above corresponds with the probably date of manufacture of this revolver which appears to have been late 1876, probably too late for the 1876 exposition but would correspond with an order generated from the 1876 expo. This revolver is nearly identically engraved to two other Single Actions previously sold by Julia's, SNs 47135 & 48206, which were both manufactured in 1878 and absolutely engraved by the same hand. They also had fully engraved hammer shanks & spurs with slightly different motifs. Information provided by the consignor of #47135 states that the combination of nickel & gold was originated by collaboration between Colt and well known Colt dealer J.P. Lower of Denver, Colorado, who was in business in the 1870s and was a major Colt sales outlet. SN 48206 was also shipped to B. Kittredge & Co. The style of engraving found on this revolver is unlike any other known master engravers at Colt, although it has stylistic similarities to some of the engraving by Oscar & Eugene Young at Smith & Wesson. Very few Eugene Young engraved Colts are known and when encountered are probably not recognized for their simple beauty. Also accompanied by a 6-page letter from renowned Colt authority & author, Ron Graham, wherein he authenticates this revolver as being absolutely real & original and states that it was "factory assembled, engraved and finished expressly to be one of Colt's exhibition firearms". He also states that these revolvers "were displayed at centennial exhibits, world fairs, state fairs, distributor marketing promotions---for many years". He states that after examining and studying many engraved Colts he speculates that this revolver was engraved in the Cuno Helfricht shop and the engraver may have been influenced by master engraver, Gustave Young, or his immediate family who were also master craftsmen. He additionally states that "During the entire first-run Single Action production, only three 'A' style, factory embellished, SA revolvers are known that have nearly full hammer coverage." He further states "As of this writing there are only two known first-run SAs having factory gold plated front sights." Additionally accompanied by a letter on Cullity & Son letterhead over the signature of Daniel Cullity. Mr. Cullity is a renowned restoration artist for all things firearm, a former master engraver at Colt and recognized authority on Colt firearms. He authenticates this revolver as being "genuine in every respect including the grips." He states "It is unfired, and it had no indications that it had ever been disassembled." He also states that it has never been refinished. He additionally states that "The elegant engraving is identical in style and execution with other Colt revolvers that are believed to have been engraved for the Philadelphia Centennial Exhibit of 1876." He further states "This pistol may have been on the 'wheel' display." We however have no proof of this gun being in the exhibition and so cannot affirm Mr. Cullity's statement, however it is the most compelling documentation for a wheel gun we have seen. This is an extraordinary Colt Single Action in astounding orig condition with engraving patterns known on only a very few, very rare Colts from that era. PROVENANCE: Richard E. Rolle & descendants. CONDITION: Extremely fine plus, new & unfired retaining virtually all of its crisp, bright orig factory nickel and brilliant fire blued screws & base pin; cyl retains bright gold wash in the flutes with the outer diameter showing about 75% orig gold, partially exposing the silver underplating. Gold wash on face of trigger is a little thin; hammer & front sight retain about all of their orig gold wash; top edge of front sight has a couple of tiny nicks with a small ding on the shank of the hammer. Grip has a tiny chip in right front toe, otherwise is sound showing very light edge wear and slight dulling from handling. Simply an extraordinarily beautiful revolver that is a pleasure to behold, suitable for the highest level of collector or museum. 4-49414 JR313

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*ULTRA RARE & SPECTACULAR PRESENTATION GLAHN ENGRAVED GOLD PLATED SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2040: *ULTRA RARE & SPECTACULAR PRESENTATION GLAHN ENGRAVED GOLD PLATED SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: PLEASE NOTE (10-12-13): This spectacular and rare Colt revolver is illustrated in the book "Colt Engravings" by R.L. Wilson on page 396. It is also illustrated in "A Study of the Colt SA Revolver" by Graham Kopec Moore and can be found on page 105. It was previously in the esteemed Robert Peterson Collection of magnificent firearms and before that in the renowned Collection of iconic collector, John Peck. SN 354396. Cal. 38-40. Extraordinarily rare single action with 4-3/4" bbl, slightly altered front sight with 2-line address on top which is slightly off-center and the usual bbl marking & caliber on left side. Frame has 2-line 3-patent dates with rampant Colt in a partial circle. Fitted with rampant Colt medallion pearl grips which have a carved ox head on right side and the inscribed initials "ALS" on left side. The bbl has an engraved presentation which accounts for the offset address, which reads "To Arthur / from a Grateful County". The balance of the revolver, sides of bbl, ejector rod housing, cylinder, back strap, butt strap & trigger guard are typically Glahn engraved with some of his very finest work consisting of foliate & floral patterns with an extremely fine punch dot background. Top strap has intertwined leaves & vines and back strap has acanthus leaves. Cylinder is, unusually, fully engraved except for the flutes. Accompanied by a Colt factory letter fully identifying this revolver as found and showing that it was sold to Kleins Hardware, address unavailable and shipped to the George Worthington Co., Cleveland, Ohio, May 2, 1931 to order #19866/1 in a shipment of one revolver. Also accompanied by a fine tooled Heiser belt & holster rig; tooled in Heiser's trademark style of leaves & blossoms, buckstitch lacing on the holster which has a sewn-in plug and has Deputy Stuckert's initials near the right end of the decorations. His initials are also on front of the holster near the top. This revolver, lest we lose sight of an important aspect of its existence, was presented to a 33-year old deputy sheriff, Arthur L. Stuckert, by the citizens of Bucyrus Township, Crawford County, Ohio, for his heroic service in the line of duty. Accompanied by copies of several newspaper articles primarily from the Bucyrus, Ohio, Telegraph-Forum regarding the presentation of this revolver to Deputy Sheriff Arthur Stuckert for his bravery and services on January 23, 1931 when his sheriff was killed in an attempted arrest of a chicken thief. Apparently Deputy Stuckert, upon hearing the shot that killed the sheriff, rushed into the house and kept assailants at bay until the sheriff could be removed. He died shortly thereafter. One of the articles dated May 22, 1931 details the presentation along with the photograph of the revolver itself. Another copy of a page of a newspaper is a thank you letter from Deputy Stuckert for the "beautiful gun, and holster". This note also has a picture of the gun. Additionally accompanied by copies of pp. 45-48 of the Winter 2007 The Rampant Colt magazine which is an article by Corky Ullom, dealing with gold plated engraved & gold inlaid Colts. He states that there are only a total of twelve gold engraved Colt single actions of the total 357,859 single actions manufactured in the first generation and only one of them was in 38-40 caliber, making this one of the most extraordinarily rare Colt single action revolvers extant. Additionally accompanied by a 3-1/2 page hand written letter from noted Colt authority, Ron Graham, authenticating the originality of this fabulous revolver. Mr. Graham states that it is one of only three and possibly a fourth known in nearly 50 years of research. Additionally accompanied by a fine Arno Werner blue leather covered case embossed in gold on the lid and lined on the inside with gold embossed satin inside the lid and blue velvet in the bottom, French fitted for the revolver. It also has another gold embossed blue leather patch inside the front cover. Deputy Stuckert served in WWI with honor and died Jan. 21, 1971 at age 71. Certainly additional research should be able to provide additional history regarding Deputy Stuckert. CONDITION: Very fine to extremely fine. Overall retains 92-94% strong orig gold plating with some thinning to the silver underplating in the area of the bbl address & presentation, over the top strap, back strap & butt strap with some additional thinning in trigger guard. Front strap retains about 20% silver with balance gray metal. It has been fired and shows slight burn on cylinder face but only a little and there is still gold plating in the bore. Is not solid at half cock, otherwise mechanics are fine, brilliant shiny bore. Belt & holster rig are slightly dry with the holster lining worn & torn but completely solid & usable. Box is as new. 4-48712 JR68

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FINE HELFRICHT ENGRAVED SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2041: FINE HELFRICHT ENGRAVED SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 126414. Cal. 45 Colt. Nickel finish with 7-1/2" bbl, full front sight and 1-line block letter address. Left side of frame has 3-line patent dates and caliber marking is on left front web of trigger guard. Mounted with smooth 2-pc pearl grips. Revolver is beautifully engraved by master engraver Cuno Helfricht with full coverage on the frame consisting of foliate arabesque patterns on sides, sunbursts on recoil shield & loading gate with small sunbursts on each side of the ejector boss and cyl pin boss. Bottom front frame gullets have zig zag and snake & dot patterns. Top strap is engraved in snake & dot patterns with extensive foliate arabesque patterns over both sides of bbl and around front sight at the muzzle. Ejector housing is engraved with snake & dot patterns in the top gullet & outer radius. Cyl is engraved with Mr. Helfricht's distinctive alternating sunburst and foliate arabesque patterns on the lands between the flutes and has a snake & dot border around rear edge. Cyl is gold plated. Top of backstrap has Mr. Helfricht's distinctive fan pattern with geometric patterns down backstrap, on buttstrap & trigger bow. Accompanied by a Colt factory letter identifying this revolver in caliber 45 Colt with 7-1/2" bbl, nickel finish with gilt cyl, type of stocks not listed, factory engraved and shipped to E.C. Meacham Arms Co., St. Louis, MO on June 28, 1888 in a 1-gun shipment. Under remarks the company reports that there is another revolver with the same SN listed as caliber 44-40 with 7-1/2" bbl, nickel finish & rubber stocks shipped to the San Francisco Agency on May 31, 1888. CONDITION: Very fine to extremely fine. Bbl, frame & ejector housing retain virtually all of their strong orig nickel finish with some slight sharp edge & high point losses; trigger guard & buttstrap retain most of their strong orig nickel with some fine flaking on the front strap; backstrap is a gray metal patina; cyl retains about 93-95% gold plating. Grips are sound with great fire & color. Mechanics are fine, bright shiny bore. 4-48350

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RARE AND EXCEPTIONAL ENGRAVED ETCHED PANEL COLT FRONTIER SIX SHOOTER SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2042: RARE AND EXCEPTIONAL ENGRAVED ETCHED PANEL COLT FRONTIER SIX SHOOTER SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 92101. Cal .44 WCF (44-40). Nickel finish with 4-3/4" bbl, nearly full front sight and 2-line address with "COLT. FRONTIER SIX SHOOTER" etched panel on the left side. Left side of frame has 3-line patent dates and left front web of trigger guard is marked "44 CF". Trigger, screws and base pin are fire blued and hammer is color case hardened, which is the normal configuration for early factory, nickeled Single Actions. Accompanied by a Colt Factory letter which identifies this revolver in Cal. 44-40 with 4-3/4" bbl, finish "soft", type of stock not listed, and shipped to Hartley & Graham, NY, NY on March 5, 1883 in a 10 gun shipment. Under remarks the letter states that the word "soft" indicates the frame and gate were not case hardened when shipped from the factory, left in soft condition for engraving outside the factory. Revolver is engraved in New York style from the L. D. Nimschke shop with about 60% coverage foliate arabesque patterns with fine pearled background. Matching engraving patterns extend up both sides of the bbl, surrounding the etched panel and were obviously engraved after the panel was originally applied. Top of the backstrap is engraved in a foliate fan pattern. Cylinder is engraved with matching patterns on lands between the flutes and has a small punch dot fluer-de-lis behind each flute, with a very fine zig-zag border around the rear edge. Mounted with Hartley & Graham supplied thick, 2-pc pearl grips that have a very deep carved ox head on the right side that is fitted with gold bezels around diamond eyes. This is one of the finest engraved black powder, etched panel Single Actions known and certainly the finest this cataloger has ever had the privilege to examine. CONDITION: Very fine, all external serial numbers match. Overall retains most of its strong, bright nickel finish with only slight muzzle end wear and a small spot of pitting on the right front end of the top strap. Cylinder retains approximately 95% strong orig nickel with losses mostly from the front face and front edge with some very fine flaking elsewhere. Screws and base pin retain most of their orig blue. Trigger retains strong fire blue on sides and rear edge and the hammer, strong case colors on the sides and rear edge with the top edge turned silver. Grips are outstanding with no visible flaws and show great fire. Mechanics are crisp, strong bore with sharp rifling, frosty in the grooves. A truly exceptional etched panel Single Action that very likely was special ordered for someone of importance on the American frontier. 4-49402 JR307

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*VERY RARE ENGRAVED LONG FLUTE COLT SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2043: *VERY RARE ENGRAVED LONG FLUTE COLT SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 331111. Cal .45 Colt. Nickel finish with 4-3/4" bbl, full front sight, 2-line address and caliber marking on left side. Left side of frame has 2-line 3-patent dates mounted with exceptional 2-pc pearl grips that have deep left and right rampant Colt medallions. Left grip is carved with a very deep relief ox head. Revolver has about 75-80% coverage wonderful, intertwined foliate arabesque patterns with exceptionally fine, even pearled background by master engraver Cuno Helfricht. Engraving also consists of extraordinary patterns on the left recoil shield and loading gate with feather patterns down the top strap and diamond patterns on each side of the bbl boss. Bottom front gullets are engraved in Mr. Helfricht's distinctive flower blossoms. Foliate arabesque patterns extend completely up the sides of the bbl with geometric patterns over the top of bbl. Top gullet of the ejector housing is engraved in a very fine snake and dot pattern with unusual zig-zag edge patterns. Outer radius of the ejector housing is engraved in leaf and vine patterns. Backstrap is engraved in Mr. Helfricht's distinctive fan pattern with geometric patterns down the backstrap, on the buttstrap and on the trigger guard. Cylinder is extensively engraved with unusual patterns on the lands between the flutes, a line border around the flutes with scalloped border around the rear edge. Rear face of the cylinder is marked with last four digits of matching serial number. According to Colt Peacemaker Encyclopedia, Cochran, there were only two long flute revolvers that were engraved. One was silver plated, the other nickel plated. He identifies the silver plated one but does not identify the nickel plated one. The long flute Single Action revolver was produced beginning in 1913 with about 1,379 manufactured between serial numbers 328915 & 329925, in six Calibers in all three bbl lengths plus two ejector-less models. The long flute cylinders are left-over model 1878 DA Frontier revolver cylinders. Colt, being the ultra-frugal company that it was, never disposing of anything that might be useful, recycled these cylinders by having stop notches cut on the outer diameter and installing them in these Single Action revolvers. Accompanied by a Colt Factory letter which identifies this revolver in Cal. 45 with 4-3/4" bbl, nickel finish, pearl grips with carved steer head motif, factory engraved and under special features, "furnished with a double action cylinder of long flute configuration" and shipped to Praeger Hardware Company, San Antonio, TX on Sept. 23, 1914 in a one gun shipment. This is one of the most elaborately Helfricht engraved Colt's ever examined by this cataloger, undoubtedly from the hand of the master himself. CONDITION: Very fine, overall retains about 95% strong, orig nickel finish with the majority of the losses on the left side of the bbl and top strap with slight loss just behind the trigger guard. Cylinder retains most of its strong orig nickel with front face mostly dark patina and some very fine, minor flaking in the flutes. Outer diameter shows thinning and wear on the lands between the flutes. Grips have chipped toes otherwise are sound showing great fire and strong color. Mechanics are crisp. Strong bright bore with scattered and very fine pitting. This is one of the finer, more exciting 4-3/4" Single Actions to come to market in some time. 4-49413 JR310

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*SUPERB HELFRICHT ENGRAVED COLT SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER WITH WONDERFUL AZ HISTORY.

Lot 2044: *SUPERB HELFRICHT ENGRAVED COLT SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER WITH WONDERFUL AZ HISTORY.

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Description: SN 335045. Cal .38 WCF (38-40. Spectacular silver finished Single Action with 4-3/4" bbl, full front sight and 2-line address with caliber marking on left side. Left side of frame has the 2-line, 3-patent dates and is mounted with spectacular 2-pc, Rampant Colt deep silver medallion pearl grips. Right side has a deep relief carved stooping eagle. Rear face of cylinder has last 4 digits of matching serial number. Revolver is engraved probably from the hand of the master himself, Cuno Helfricht, with about 80% coverage, very fine, intertwined foliate arabesque patterns with extremely fine pearled background. Left recoil shield is engraved in Mr. Helfrichts typical fan pattern with feather patterns on the top strap, diamond patterns on each side of bbl boss and his distinctive flower blossoms in the bottom front gullets. Matching foliate arabesque patterns extend the entire length of both sides of bbl with fine snake & dot patterns in the top gullet of the ejector housing along with fine zig-zag borders and leaf and vine pattern on the outer radius. Backstrap is engraved with Mr. Helfricht's distinctive fan pattern at the top with geometric patterns downs the back and buttstraps with another of his distinctive patterns on the trigger bow. Cylinder is engraved with matching foliate arabesque patterns on the lands between the flutes, a line border around the flutes with a small sunburst at the rear end of the flutes. Rear edge of the cylinder is beautifully engraved in scallop and snake & dot patterns. This is one of Mr. Helfricht's more elaborately engraved Single Actions. Accompanied by a Colt Factory letter which identifies this revolver in Cal 38-40 with 4-3/4" bbl, silver finish, pearl grips with carved eagle motif, factory engraved and sold to Globe Hardware Co., address unavailable, shipped to Simmons Hardware Co., St. Louis, MO on January 24, 1917 in a one gun shipment. The Globe Hardware Co. in the letter, is located in Globe, AZ, and has been in business from 1898 to the present. Contact with a granddaughter of the orig owner of the company disclosed that some of the old records are still available. A search of those records disclosed that this revolver was received January 30, 1917 from Simmons Hardware Co. and was sold the same day to Alvin Booth. Contact with the Gila County, AZ Historical Museum revealed that Alvin Booth, a "colored" man, was born April 1, 1868 in Hillsboro, TX, settling in Globe to do handyman and janitorial services around town. Booth was a well known and respected figure in Globe, being employed by several prominent bankers and businessmen in town. Booth was very frugal, saved his money and purchased several investment properties in the area, becoming somewhat well-to-do. In 1913 he was chosen to attend the Emancipation Convention in Philadelphia to represent the Arizona colored population at the convention. His appointment was made by Governor George W. P. Hunt, who Booth had worked for when the governor was a businessman in Globe. He was also a delegate in 1920 to the convention of the Industrial and Commercial Council of People of African Descent. He was mentioned in ìArizonaís Black Pioneersî and several other publications noting prominent people of early Arizona. Booth died March 16, 1937 in Globe, AZ, and was laid to rest in the ìwhite manís cemeteryî next to his father who had joined him in Globe in his later years. PROVENANCE: Fax correspondence from Gila County, AZ Historical Museum. CONDITION: Extremely fine plus and all matching. Overall retains virtually all of its crisp, orig silver finish which is lightly oxidized, showing no wear. Revolver appears to be new and unfired. Grips are crisp with no visible flaws. Mechanics are crisp, brilliant shiny bore shows no evidence of having ever been fired. An absolutely spectacular example of the engravers art and finisher's polishing skills. This revolver is nearly identical to another Single Action from the same time frame, being sold elsewhere in this auction. 4-49405 JR311

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FINE ANTIQUE ENGRAVED COLT SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2045: FINE ANTIQUE ENGRAVED COLT SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 136939. Cal .45 Colt. Nickel finish with 5-1/2" bbl, full front sight, one line block letter address with Cal marking on the left side. Screws and base pin are fire blued and the hammer is color case hardened. Left side of frame had 2-line 3-patent dates. Mounted with smooth 2-pc pearl grips. Revolver is beautifully engraved in New York style from the Nimschke shop with about 65-75% coverage, deep foliate arabesque pattern with fine pearled background. Top strap is engraved in snake and double dot patterns and has a hunters star on the right front side with snake patterns in the bottom gullets. Matching engraving patterns extend nearly the full length of both sides of the bbl and top gullet of the ejector housing is engraved with a snake pattern. Top of the backstrap is nicely engraved in Mr. Nimschke's foliate fan pattern with geometric patterns down the backstrap and on the trigger bow. Cylinder is engraved in matching patterns on lands between the flutes and has snake and dot pattern around the rear edge. Engraving on left side of bbl covers about half of the caliber marking which indicates that the engraving was probably not done by the master himself but by one of the engravers in his shop. Accompanied by a Colt factory letter which identifies this revolver in Cal .45 Colt with 5-1/2" bbl, type of stock not listed and shipped to Hartley & Graham, NY, NY on December 12, 1890 in a two gun shipment. CONDITION: Extremely fine, all visible numbers match. Overall retains about 96-98% crisp nickel showing wear on the left front edge of the bbl and minor losses on front face of cylinder. Screws retain virtually all of their bright fire blue with dulling on face of trigger. Base pin, which is probably orig, retains most of its orig fire blue, turned a little plummy. Hammer retains faded case colors on the back edge, turned silver on the sides, and turned dark on the top edge. Grips are sound with no visible flaws and show great fire and color. Hammer is not solid in safety or half cock notches, otherwise mechanics are fine, bright shinny bore with very few, scattered small spots of pitting. A truly beautiful engraved Single Action in high orig condition. 4-49403 JR308

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NIMSCHKE ENGRAVED COLT SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2046: NIMSCHKE ENGRAVED COLT SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 22249. Cal. 45 Colt. Nickel finish with 7-1/2" bbl, 1-line script address with serifs. Left side of frame has 2-line patent dates and it is mounted with an original 1-pc ivory grip with very deep relief carved Mexican eagle on right side. Grip is made in orig style from two slabs of ivory affixed to a central wooden spacer block to create the 1-pc grip, or they may have been added by the Nimschke shop. They are definitely period to the gun. Ejector housing is first type with bull's eye ejector rod head. Front strap, under the grip, was drilled for a 2-pc grip locator pin and now has that hole plugged. This revolver was produced in 1876 and the 2-pc hard rubber eagle design grips were not introduced until 1882. Revolver is engraved by the L.D. Nimschke shop with about 80-85% frame coverage of foliate arabesque patterns with fine pearled background. Top strap is engraved in feather patterns with a diamond & dot pattern on each side of bbl boss and a hunter's star on the sides of the ejector housing boss & base pin boss. Matching foliate arabesque patterns extend 4-1/2" on each side of bbl and on each side of muzzle with a dash & dot border pattern around the address which terminates in a foliate arabesque pattern. Ejector housing is exceptionally engraved with a large diamond & dot panel on the outer radius with dash & dot borders and a sunburst at each end. Top gullet is engraved in a leaf & vine pattern. Backstrap is engraved with Mr. Nimschke's distinctive sunburst pattern with diamond center and foliate arabesque patterns elsewhere. Trigger bow & cyl are engraved to match with feather patterns on back edge of cylinder and foliate arabesque patterns on the lands between the flutes. Accompanied by a copy of a Colt factory letter which identifies this revolver in caliber 45 Colt with bbl length & type of stocks not listed, blue finish and shipped to Schuyler, Hartley & Graham, New York, NY on Dec. 31, 1875 in a 67-gun shipment. Engraved early single actions are quite rare and are seldom encountered especially in an unaltered state. Only a few deluxe engraved revolvers in the Nimschke style are known and all are in the 22,000 serial number range, except the few that are thought to have been on the centennial wheel. Multiple experts think that because of the extra-deluxe engraving and the extra deluxe grips this gun may have been on the centennial wheel. A copy of a letter from noted Colt authority, Dick Burdick, accompanies the gun. In part it states "This fine revolver remains today very much in the state it was finished in circa 1876. It retains the majority of the original nickel finish, which was applied after the engraving in the L.D. Nimschke shop in New York. The Colt markings are sharp and distinct, and do not show evidence of later polishing or abrasion post finishing circa 1876. There is some finish loss and fine pitting in the engraving cuts which have the hammer and graver progression cuts that demonstrate age and method of engraving. The engraving is classic L D. Nimschke, quite profuse, and orig in all respects. It is noteworthy to observe the broken italic barrel address die. This example is very near the end of the use of this die. The block letter die marked barrel has been observed as early as the 19000 serial number range. Along with this style of die change, an improved method of attaching the ejector tube to barrel was adapted. The hammer is the proper early long knurling with case hardened finish and the trigger is blue, which is proper for the outside factory New York engraved revolvers. The last four digits of the matching serial number are on the barrel underneath the ejector tube and on the periphery of the cylinder. The three full serial numbers match, and are authentic stamping by Colt. The front sight is full and has its original configuration. The grips are of the same age as the revolver and could have been installed by the Nimschke shop at time of engraving. The carving is finely executed and the ivory is in excellent condition for its age, showing little use. CONDITION: Fine, all matching except grip which is unnumbered. Overall retains 80-90% strong bright original nickel with flaking on the cyl with wear & loss of nickel on the top strap, backstrap, right side of frame & loading gate & ejector housing; front strap is dulled and the cyl is moderately to heavily flaked and retains most of its nickel plating on front face; hammer retains faded case colors, mostly on left side and rear edge with balance turned silver; grip is sound with a couple of minor age lines and overall retains a wonderful mellow dark ivory patina; hammer is not solid in safety notch, otherwise mechanics are fine, strong bore with fine pitting; inside top strap & recoil shield are moderately pitted; firing pin hole in the bushing is enlarged and the firing pin retaining pin has been staked; firing pin appears to be of later vintage. 4-48812

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UNUSUAL PANEL SCENE ENGRAVED COLT SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2046A: UNUSUAL PANEL SCENE ENGRAVED COLT SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 32920. Cal. 45 Colt. Nickel finish with 7-1/2" bbl, slightly altered front sight and 1-line block letter address with last four digits of SN on bottom of bbl under ejector rod housing. Left side of frame has 2-line patent dates and is mounted with replacement checkered ivory 1-pc grip. Ejector rod housing is a replacement and is second type with bull's eye ejector rod head. SN was observed in the usual places on frame, trigger guard & butt strap with last four digits of SN on bottom of bbl and outer diameter of cylinder. The SNs are noted on frame, trigger guard & butt strap there are also small "E", which was added later. This revolver is engraved with full coverage on frame consisting of a large panel on left side depicting a setter and two birds in a field scene and a man laying prone in a mountain scene shooting at a standing grizzly bear with a six-shooter. Balance of engraving is wonderful foliate arabesque patterns, most of which terminate in flower blossoms, all of which have a fine, meticulous punch dot background. Engraving extends over top strap and onto the sides of bbl terminating forward of the address and again around the muzzle and front sight. Replacement ejector rod housing has been engraved to match the foliate arabesque patterns on outer radius and three small patterns in top gullet with an unusual border pattern at top of outer radius. The edge of the ejector rod head is also engraved with a simple line border and dots. Cylinder has full coverage matching engraving on outer diameter with flutes left unengraved for artistic contrast. Rear edge of cyl is engraved in a border pattern matching the ejector rod housing. Top of back strap is engraved with a third panel depicting an Indian in full headdress holding a spear & shield astride a horse. This panel is surrounded by light foliate arabesque patterns with punch dot background and the tops of the ears of the back strap are engraved in tiny flower blossoms. Back strap itself is engraved in matching foliate arabesque patterns as are the butt strap and trigger guard. The screws on the frame have engraved heads. The trigger guard & back strap screws are replacement screws and not engraved. Replacement hammer has deluxe, full-coverage engraving on sides consisting of matching foliate & floral arabesque patterns with punch dot background and elaborate, fierce wolf's head on each side of hammer nose. Accompanied by two Colt factory letters, one dated 1965 and the other 2006 with both reporting identical information: caliber 45 Colt, 7-1/2" bbl, nickel finish, type of stocks not listed and shipped to Kennedy Bros., Minneapolis, MN on May 11, 1886 in a 1-gun shipment. The 2006 dated letter, however has a special remark indicating that this gun is listed twice in the factory records. The first record shows this exact same gun being shipped in a 50 gun shipment to Schuyler, Hartley and Graham, in NY on November 28th, 1876. This of course is 10 years earlier and the factory records also note that the gun when shipped to S,H&G Company was with a blue finish. From this information, one would usually deduce that the gun shipped in the blue to S,H&G was engraved and nickeled then eventually went back to Colt for some reason then later in 1886 shipped to Kennedy Bros. The fact that Colt records do not mention "engraved" is not unusual, such details were occasionally mistakenly ommited as has been verified on many past occasions. What's a mystery is how a gun shipped to S,H&G in 1876 would reappear at Colt to be later shipped to Kennedy in 1886, possibly an interesting story there. The reason we refer to this as an unusual panel scene is as follows, the overall foliate engraving on the gun, so wonderfully executed was unquestionably done by an engraver other than the one that did the panel scene engraving. Two different people were involved in the engraving of this gun. The quality of the panel scene engraving in no way equals the craftsmanship of that found on the rest of the gun! Certainly an unusual circumstance and as was mentioned earlier, there is possibly an interesting story there. PROVENANCE: Colt Factory Letters. CONDITION: Very fine. Overall retains about 90% strong old nickel finish with losses from the front face of cyl and light flaking in some of the flutes which has turned to dark patina. Replaced ejector rod housing shows wear around the tip with some minor flaking on outer radius and top gullet. Front strap & trigger guard retain strong nickel on trigger plate & trigger bow with the front strap mostly gray metal with pin prick pitting. Back strap is light gray metal patina with the butt strap retaining most of its old nickel. Grip has a chip in left front edge, a repaired left toe and chipped right toe, otherwise is sound showing shrinkage with numerous extremely fine age lines and moderate diamond point wear and retains a lovely golden ivory patina. Replacement hammer is not solid in safety notch and timing needs adjusting, otherwise mechanics are fine, bright shiny bore with scattered fine pitting. 4-87726

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ENGRAVED EARLY PRODUCTION COLT FRONTIER SIX SHOOTER SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2047: ENGRAVED EARLY PRODUCTION COLT FRONTIER SIX SHOOTER SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 45589. Cal. 44 WCF (44-40). Nickel finish with 7-1/2" bbl, slightly altered front sight and 1-line block letter address with etched panel on left side partially visible. Left side of frame has 3-line patent dates and left rear shoulder of trigger guard is stamped "44 CF". Ejector housing is second type with half moon ejector rod head and base pin is orig with dimpled ends. Mounted with 1-pc ivory grip with deep relief carved Mexican eagle on right side. Grip is constructed in the orig manner with two slabs of ivory attached to two wood spacers in the center. Revolver is very nicely engraved in New York style, probably from the Nimschke shop, with about 60-70% coverage in a variety of patterns including foliate arabesque, fan & feather patterns, diamond & dot patterns and leaf & vine patterns on the top strap. Front gullets are stamped with a series of decorative dots. Foliate arabesque patterns extend up both sides of bbl, on both sides of muzzle with geometric patterns around front sight. Ejector housing is engraved with leaf & vine pattern in top gullet and a zigzag & dot pattern on outer radius. Top of back strap has a Nimschke style fan pattern with geometric patterns down the back strap and on the trigger guard that also has a hunter star. Butt strap is hand scratched "W H NESBITT". Cyl is engraved in unusual foliate patterns on the lands between the flutes, a snake & dot pattern around the rear edge and two straight line borders, one on each side of the stop notches. Engraving is over the SN on the cylinder. All visible numbers are matching with the bbl & cyl having last four digits of matching number. Some of the trigger guard & backstrap screws have been changed. This revolver was produced in 1878, the same year that the etched panel bbl marking was introduced. CONDITION: Fine. Overall retains 60-70% nickel with losses mostly from frame & cyl; bbl retains most of its nickel with some flaking on the bottom and shows about 3/4 of the etched panel; ejector housing retains about 75% nickel showing wear on front of outer radius. Grip has a chipped left toe with numerous age lines, shows moderate to heavy wear and retains a wonderful golden ivory patina; grip has shrunk over the years and now has very old oil soaked spacers at the frame. Hammer will not hold in safety or half cock notches, otherwise mechanics are fine, strong bore with good shine and scattered light pitting. 4-48763 JR325

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FINE ENGRAVED COLT SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

Lot 2048: FINE ENGRAVED COLT SINGLE ACTION ARMY REVOLVER.

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Description: SN 129317. Cal. 45 Colt. Nickel finish with 7-1/2" bbl and 1-line block letter address with caliber marking on left side. Left side of frame has 3-line patent dates and left front web of trigger guard has the caliber marking. Mounted with fine 2-pc pearl grips with raised carved ox head on right side. Revolver is engraved in Cuno Helfrecht style but after-market and probably not period. Frame has nearly full coverage foliate arabesque patterns with pearled background and Mr. Helfrecht's style of fan pattern on recoil shield & loading gate. Top strap is engraved in feather patterns. Foliate arabesque patterns extend up both sides of bbl and on each side of muzzle with geometric patterns around the address. Top of backstrap is engraved also in Mr. Helfrecht's fan pattern with snake & dot and geometric patterns down the backstrap, geometric patterns on buttstrap & trigger guard. Cyl is engraved in alternating foliate arabesque & geometric patterns on the lands between the flutes with smaller patterns back of the flutes and a feather border around the rear edge. Ejector housing is engraved with a snake & dot pattern in the gullet and geometric patterns on the outer radius. This is a beautiful, well-executed engraved Colt but not by Mr. Helfrecht or from his shop. CONDITION: Fine to very fine. Overall retains just about all of its custom nickel finish with minor pimpling in a couple of spots on the frame, front & backstraps; cyl also has fine pimpling with the front face being polished metal; screws retain faded blue and the hammer strong case colors. Grips are outstanding with great fire & color. Mechanics are fine, strong bore with dark fine pitting. 4-48801 JR354

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