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Ancient Roman Republic Coins

Coins from the ancient Roman Republic bore witness to a unique period in history and in numismatics. For many years, Roman silver denarii were minted by minor officials who were allowed to choose the types and legends present on the coin. Given the dynamic politics present in Roman society and the relative survival of Latin as a language today, each of the many varieties of these coins tells a unique story that remains comprehensible in modernity.

The Roman Republic initially minted most of its coins out of bronze. The silver denarius, the Roman Republic's most popular coin, did not arise until later, after Rome had conquered regions rich in silver, such as Syracuse. Indeed, Rome's conquests featured prominently on the denarius: new denarii were minted after major conquests, celebrating the victory.

Oftentimes, the events depicted on Roman coins are the only way to accurately assess their age, as Roman coins typically do not include the date among their various legends. Archaeological context can also be used to help determine the dates of these coins, with many scholars assembling catalogs approximating which types of Roman Republic coins were minted during particular years.


Quick Facts

  • Coinage primarily spread in usage throughout the Roman Republic as a means to quickly and effectively pay the Roman legions, contrasting much of the rest of the ancient world, which used it to facilitate trade
  • Gold coins were incredibly scarce in the Roman Republic and were only minted for a couple of years throughout its history as an emergency supply. This changed with the rise of Julius Caeser and the Roman Empire
  • The Roman Republic operated 34 mints with branches on three different continents. Despite this range, no Roman mint was ever established in Britannia: the closest mint to that edge of the Republic was in Lugdunum, now known as Lyon, France.

Recommended Items at Auction

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AELIA EUDOXIA, AUGUSTA, 400-404. SOLIDUS, GOLD, CONSTANTINOPLE
Oct 15, 9:30 AM CEST
AELIA EUDOXIA, AUGUSTA, 400-404. SOLIDUS, GOLD, CONSTANTINOPLE
by La Galerie Numismatique
Est: €25,000- €50,000
€903 Bids
NGC Roman Empire, Gallienus, AD 25.-268. BI Double-Denarius. Graded ch f By NGC
Oct 02, 11:00 AM EDT
NGC Roman Empire, Gallienus, AD 25.-268. BI Double-Denarius. Graded ch f By NGC
by Key Date Coins
Est: $25- $100
$201 Bid
Group of Ancient Roman Bronze Coins
Oct 22, 2:00 PM EDT
Group of Ancient Roman Bronze Coins
by Connoisseur Online
Est: $100- $200
$750 Bids
Denarius coin, Traian, Trophy of Arms – Victory over Dacia type, 107 CE, silver
Oct 11, 7:00 PM EEST
Denarius coin, Traian, Trophy of Arms – Victory over Dacia type, 107 CE, silver
by A10 by Artmark
Est: €0- €0
€500 Bids
TI. QUINCTIUS, (112-111 BC), DENAR, SILVER (3,8G), ROME
Oct 15, 9:30 AM CEST
TI. QUINCTIUS, (112-111 BC), DENAR, SILVER (3,8G), ROME
by La Galerie Numismatique
Est: €75- €150
€100 Bids
L. APPULEIUS SATURNINUS. DENAR, SILVER (3.86 G) ROME, CIRCA 104
Oct 15, 9:30 AM CEST
L. APPULEIUS SATURNINUS. DENAR, SILVER (3.86 G) ROME, CIRCA 104
by La Galerie Numismatique
Est: €150- €300
€100 Bids
M. PORCIUS CATO (89 BC). QUINARIUS SILVER (2.02 G) ROME.
Oct 15, 9:30 AM CEST
M. PORCIUS CATO (89 BC). QUINARIUS SILVER (2.02 G) ROME.
by La Galerie Numismatique
Est: €100- €200
€100 Bids
L. ROSCIUS FABATUS. DENARIUS, SILVER (3.75 G) ROME, 59 BC.
Oct 15, 9:30 AM CEST
L. ROSCIUS FABATUS. DENARIUS, SILVER (3.75 G) ROME, 59 BC.
by La Galerie Numismatique
Est: €125- €250
€100 Bids
ANTONINUS PIUS (138-161AD) AE SESTERTIUS (23,9G)
Oct 15, 9:30 AM CEST
ANTONINUS PIUS (138-161AD) AE SESTERTIUS (23,9G)
by La Galerie Numismatique
Est: €30- €60
€100 Bids
ANTONINUS PIUS (138-161) SESTERTIUS, BRONZE (22.5 G.) ROME, 152-153 AD.
Oct 15, 9:30 AM CEST
ANTONINUS PIUS (138-161) SESTERTIUS, BRONZE (22.5 G.) ROME, 152-153 AD.
by La Galerie Numismatique
Est: €75- €150
€100 Bids
SEVERUS ALEXANDER (222-235) DENAR, SILVER (2.8 G.) ROME, 222-228 AD.
Oct 15, 9:30 AM CEST
SEVERUS ALEXANDER (222-235) DENAR, SILVER (2.8 G.) ROME, 222-228 AD.
by La Galerie Numismatique
Est: €100- €200
€100 Bids
MAXIMINUS THRAX (235-238) SESTERTIUS, BRONZE (19.05 G) ROME 235-236 AD.
Oct 15, 9:30 AM CEST
MAXIMINUS THRAX (235-238) SESTERTIUS, BRONZE (19.05 G) ROME 235-236 AD.
by La Galerie Numismatique
Est: €200- €400
€100 Bids
GORDIAN III (238 -244 AD), AR ANTONINIANUS (3.8 G.), STRUCK 240 AD, ROME.
Oct 15, 9:30 AM CEST
GORDIAN III (238 -244 AD), AR ANTONINIANUS (3.8 G.), STRUCK 240 AD, ROME.
by La Galerie Numismatique
Est: €150- €300
€100 Bids
GALERIUS MAXIMIANUS (CAESAR, 293-305). FOLLIS (28 MM, 11.35 G) HERACLEA.
Oct 15, 9:30 AM CEST
GALERIUS MAXIMIANUS (CAESAR, 293-305). FOLLIS (28 MM, 11.35 G) HERACLEA.
by La Galerie Numismatique
Est: €50- €100
€100 Bids
MAXIMINUS II. DAIA (310 - 313) FOLLIS (28 MM, 8.90 G) HERACLEA, 305 - 306 AD
Oct 15, 9:30 AM CEST
MAXIMINUS II. DAIA (310 - 313) FOLLIS (28 MM, 8.90 G) HERACLEA, 305 - 306 AD
by La Galerie Numismatique
Est: €50- €100
€100 Bids
MAXIMINUS II. DAIA (310 - 313). FOLLIS (28 MM, 9.16 G) SERDICA
Oct 15, 9:30 AM CEST
MAXIMINUS II. DAIA (310 - 313). FOLLIS (28 MM, 9.16 G) SERDICA
by La Galerie Numismatique
Est: €50- €100
€100 Bids
MAXIMINUS II (310 - 313). FOLLIS (22 MM, 3.69 G) HERACLEA, 312-313 AD
Oct 15, 9:30 AM CEST
MAXIMINUS II (310 - 313). FOLLIS (22 MM, 3.69 G) HERACLEA, 312-313 AD
by La Galerie Numismatique
Est: €100- €200
€100 Bids
MAXIMINUS II(310-313)FOLLIS (20 MM, 5.80 G) HERACLEA
Oct 15, 9:30 AM CEST
MAXIMINUS II(310-313)FOLLIS (20 MM, 5.80 G) HERACLEA
by La Galerie Numismatique
Est: €75- €150
€100 Bids
THEODOSIUS I (379-395) AE 20 MM (5.17 G) NICOMEDIA.
Oct 15, 9:30 AM CEST
THEODOSIUS I (379-395) AE 20 MM (5.17 G) NICOMEDIA.
by La Galerie Numismatique
Est: €30- €60
€100 Bids
THEODOSIUS I (379-395) AE 21 MM. (4.87 G) NICOMEDIA.
Oct 15, 9:30 AM CEST
THEODOSIUS I (379-395) AE 21 MM. (4.87 G) NICOMEDIA.
by La Galerie Numismatique
Est: €50- €100
€100 Bids
Roman Empire. Constantine II (316-340 AD). AE3/4 (1.8 grams)
Oct 08, 11:30 AM EDT
Roman Empire. Constantine II (316-340 AD). AE3/4 (1.8 grams)
by Mitchell Auctions
Est: $0- $0
$40 Bids
Roman Empire. Anonymous Issue (circa 330-346 AD). AE3/4 (2.0 grams)
Oct 08, 11:30 AM EDT
Roman Empire. Anonymous Issue (circa 330-346 AD). AE3/4 (2.0 grams)
by Mitchell Auctions
Est: $0- $0
$40 Bids
Ancient Roman Bronze Coin Follis, Maximianus
Oct 22, 2:00 PM EDT
Ancient Roman Bronze Coin Follis, Maximianus
by Connoisseur Online
Est: $50- $100
$400 Bids
Lot of 3 Ancient Roman Silver Denarius and Antoninianus.
Oct 13, 11:00 AM EDT
Lot of 3 Ancient Roman Silver Denarius and Antoninianus.
by Palmyra Heritage Gallery
Est: $50- $100
$100 Bids

Sellers Who Sell Ancient Roman Republic Coins


La Galerie Numismatique

La Galerie Numismatique

Palmyra Heritage Gallery

Palmyra Heritage Gallery

Silver City Auctions

Silver City Auctions