(b Easton, New York 1833; d Florence, Italy 1918) American painter. A self-taught artist, Henry Roderick Newman was influenced by John Ruskin’s landscape and nature scenes. In 1872, Newman moved to Florence, Italy to study painting and was inspired by the architecture he found there as well as the masterpieces by Giotto, Masaccio, and Fra Angelico. Paintings of Italian architecture became Newman’s specialty after he found he could not be successful painting conventional landscape and floral paintings. Due to the support of Ruskin, Newman enjoyed considerable status during his time as an American painter in Europe. He traveled widely and spent much time in Europe, Egypt, and Japan; always making the depictions of architecture his major focus.