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Edward (1780) Hicks Sold at Auction Prices

Painter, b. 1780 - d. 1849

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        • EDWARD HICKS (1780-1849)
          Jan. 19, 2024

          EDWARD HICKS (1780-1849)

          Est: $20,000 - $30,000

          EDWARD HICKS (1780-1849) GEORGE WASHINGTON oil on canvas laid on board 29 x 24 ½ in.

          Christie's
        • Edward Hicks - The Cornell Farm - 1994 Offset Lithograph 22" x 28"
          Oct. 24, 2023

          Edward Hicks - The Cornell Farm - 1994 Offset Lithograph 22" x 28"

          Est: $50 - $75

          "The Cornell Farm" by Edward Hicks, 1994 Unsigned Offset Lithograph. Paper size is 22 x 28 inches, with an image size of 18.5 x 25 inches. The Offset Lithograph is from an unknown edition size. and is not framed. The condition was rated A-: Near Mint, very light signs of handling. Additional details: Published and distributed by Graphique de France.

          DUMBO Auctions
        • Attributed to Edward Hicks Watercolor on Paper, "Peace and Plenty all Over the World"
          Aug. 05, 2023

          Attributed to Edward Hicks Watercolor on Paper, "Peace and Plenty all Over the World"

          Est: $3,000 - $5,000

          Attributed to Edward Hicks (American, 1780-1849) "Peace and Plenty all Over the World" (sic), circa 1815, ink and watercolor on paper, tilted in ink and inscribed and dated in pencil across lower margin "May 27, 1815", depicting the goddess Cybele with cornucopia and world orb in her chariot drawn by leopards while above flies a trumpeting angel 11.25 in. x 14.5 in. Overall 14.5 in. x 17.75 in

          Rafael Osona Auctions
        • Edward Hicks - Still Life on Panel
          Jun. 21, 2023

          Edward Hicks - Still Life on Panel

          Est: $4,000 - $8,000

          Edward Hicks (1780-1849) - Still life on panel within embellished border. Oil on wood panel. Pennsylvania. Circa 1846-47. Inscribed on back 'Painted by Edw. Hicks in the 67th year of his age'. Sketch of painting on back in graphite. Provenance: Collection of Arthur Rupley, C.G. Sloan Auction 1977. Collection John Gordon, Christies 1999. Antique Associates of West Townsend. Frame: L H 13-1/8" W 24-3/4". Panel: H 9-3/4" W 21-3/8". Condition: Inspected under UV light. No restoration noted. Copy and paste link for high-res images: https://www.dropbox.com/sh/br77kllfwyvcs82/AAA_11JBcKZZPJ9m8oVa13Hsa?dl=0

          New England Auctions
        • Edward Hicks 'The Falls of Niagara' Print
          Jan. 21, 2023

          Edward Hicks 'The Falls of Niagara' Print

          Est: $100 - $200

          An Edward Hicks (American, 1780-1849) print titled "The Falls of Niagara" Sight: 26' x 31'

          Atlanta Auction Gallery, ltd
        • In the manner of Edward Hicks, (1780-1849), "The Peaceable Kingdom of the Branch", Oil on linen, 30" H x 25" W
          Oct. 25, 2022

          In the manner of Edward Hicks, (1780-1849), "The Peaceable Kingdom of the Branch", Oil on linen, 30" H x 25" W

          Est: $600 - $800

          In the manner of Edward Hicks (1780-1849) "The Peaceable Kingdom of the Branch" Oil on linen Appears unsigned 30" H x 25" W

          John Moran Auctioneers
        • AFTER EDWARD HICKS (American, 1780 - 1849). The Peaceable Kingdom, Possibly a mid-20th century or earlier lithographed relief of Hick'
          Sep. 08, 2022

          AFTER EDWARD HICKS (American, 1780 - 1849). The Peaceable Kingdom, Possibly a mid-20th century or earlier lithographed relief of Hick'

          Est: $80 - $120

          AFTER EDWARD HICKS (American, 1780 - 1849). The Peaceable Kingdom, Possibly a mid-20th century or earlier lithographed relief of Hick's artwork housed today in Brooklyn Museum, New York.

          Sloans & Kenyon
        • Possibly Edward Hicks "Peace and Plenty all Over the World" (sic), circa 1815
          Aug. 06, 2022

          Possibly Edward Hicks "Peace and Plenty all Over the World" (sic), circa 1815

          Est: $3,000 - $5,000

          Possibly Edward Hicks (American, 1780-1849) "Peace and Plenty all Over the World" (sic), circa 1815, ink and watercolor on paper, tilted in ink and inscribed and dated in pencil across lower margin "May 27, 1815", depicting the goddess Cybele with cornucopia and world orb in her chariot drawn by leopards while above flies a trumpeting angel Sight 11.25 in. x 14.5 in. Framed 14.5 in. x 17.75 in

          Rafael Osona Auctions
        • AFTER EDWARD HICKS (American, 1780 - 1849). The Peaceable Kingdom, Possibly a mid-20th century or earlier lithographed relief of Hick'
          Jun. 16, 2022

          AFTER EDWARD HICKS (American, 1780 - 1849). The Peaceable Kingdom, Possibly a mid-20th century or earlier lithographed relief of Hick'

          Est: $80 - $120

          AFTER EDWARD HICKS (American, 1780 - 1849). The Peaceable Kingdom, Possibly a mid-20th century or earlier lithographed relief of Hick's artwork housed today in Brooklyn Museum, New York.

          Sloans & Kenyon
        • AFTER EDWARD HICKS (American, 1780 - 1849). The Peaceable Kingdom, Possibly a mid-20th century or earlier lithographed relief of Hick'
          May. 26, 2022

          AFTER EDWARD HICKS (American, 1780 - 1849). The Peaceable Kingdom, Possibly a mid-20th century or earlier lithographed relief of Hick'

          Est: $80 - $120

          AFTER EDWARD HICKS (American, 1780 - 1849). The Peaceable Kingdom, Possibly a mid-20th century or earlier lithographed relief of Hick's artwork housed today in Brooklyn Museum, New York.

          Sloans & Kenyon
        • AFTER EDWARD HICKS (American, 1780 - 1849). The Peaceable Kingdom, Possibly a mid-20th century or earlier lithographed relief of Hick'
          Apr. 20, 2022

          AFTER EDWARD HICKS (American, 1780 - 1849). The Peaceable Kingdom, Possibly a mid-20th century or earlier lithographed relief of Hick'

          Est: $80 - $120

          AFTER EDWARD HICKS (American, 1780 - 1849). The Peaceable Kingdom, Possibly a mid-20th century or earlier lithographed relief of Hick's artwork housed today in Brooklyn Museum, New York.

          Sloans & Kenyon
        • Follower of Edward Hicks (American, 1780-1849) Figures and livestock by a fountain in a landscape
          Feb. 15, 2022

          Follower of Edward Hicks (American, 1780-1849) Figures and livestock by a fountain in a landscape

          Est: £1,000 - £2,000

          Follower of Edward Hicks (American, 1780-1849) Figures and livestock by a fountain in a landscape oil on panel 60.4 x 74.9cm (23 3/4 x 29 1/2in). For further information on this lot please visit the Bonhams website

          Bonhams
        • POSSIBLY EDWARD HICKS (1780-1849) WILLIAM PENN'S TREATY WITH THE INDIANS
          Jan. 21, 2022

          POSSIBLY EDWARD HICKS (1780-1849) WILLIAM PENN'S TREATY WITH THE INDIANS

          Est: $50,000 - $100,000

          POSSIBLY EDWARD HICKS (1780-1849) WILLIAM PENN'S TREATY WITH THE INDIANS oil on canvas 36 x 47 3⁄4 in.

          Christie's
        • Edward Hicks Painting with Child, Lion, Leopard
          Jan. 21, 2022

          Edward Hicks Painting with Child, Lion, Leopard

          Est: $10,000 - $90,000

          This oil painting purportedly by Edward Hicks is referred to as Landscape with Child, Lion, Leopard and Sheep. It is unsigned. The text at the bottom reads " The leopard shall lie down with the kid and the child shall lead them. ISA XI 6." The OD slightly over 34.5" W x 36.5" H. Additional photos coming soon.

          Keystone Auctions LLC
        • Edward Hicks. Two Winter Scenes.
          Dec. 04, 2021

          Edward Hicks. Two Winter Scenes.

          Est: $60 - $80

          Watercolor on paper, each frame 11.75 x 9.75 inches.

          Casco Bay Auctions
        • FRAMED EDWARD HICKS PRINT TWO BY TWO IN WOOD
          Dec. 06, 2020

          FRAMED EDWARD HICKS PRINT TWO BY TWO IN WOOD

          Est: $125 - $200

          Framed Large Edward Hicks (American, 1780-1849) Framed Art Print. Noah's Ark "Two by Two". in wood frame with stenciled title. Edward Hicks was an American folk painter and distinguished religious minister of the Society of Friends. He became a Quaker icon because of his paintings. Measures approx. 37" x 32" in frame. No In house shipping approx. weight 15lbs. NO IN HOUSE SHIPPING ON THIS LOT. PROVENANCE: A Private Charleston SC Estate.***Pickup only or Shipping on this item offered through Outward Bound 413-854-3676, Laneys Ship & Haul 256-770-5750, Pak Mail 843-849-0310 - [email protected] The UPS store 843-856-9099 - [email protected] or locally AJ Williams & Sons 843-442-0462. Please contact one of them or your own choice of shipper directly. ****

          Charleston Estate Auctions
        • EDWARD HICKS (1780 - 1849) | Portrait of Andrew Jackson
          Jan. 25, 2020

          EDWARD HICKS (1780 - 1849) | Portrait of Andrew Jackson

          Est: $120,000 - $180,000

          oil on canvas laid on board

          Sotheby's
        • Edward Hicks (1780-1849) Peaceable Kingdom oil on canvas 24 x 31 ¼ in.
          Jan. 24, 2020

          Edward Hicks (1780-1849) Peaceable Kingdom oil on canvas 24 x 31 ¼ in.

          Est: $1,500,000 - $3,500,000

          Edward Hicks (1780-1849) Peaceable Kingdom oil on canvas 24 x 31 ¼ in. Painted 1844-1846

          Christie's
        • Edward Hicks (1780-1849)
          Jan. 18, 2019

          Edward Hicks (1780-1849)

          Est: $50,000 - $100,000

          Edward Hicks (1780-1849) Landscape with a Stream oil on board 8 x 10 in.

          Christie's
        • Edward Hicks (1780-1849)
          Jan. 18, 2019

          Edward Hicks (1780-1849)

          Est: $800,000 - $1,200,000

          Edward Hicks (1780-1849) Peaceable Kingdom oil on canvas 17 ½ x 23 ½ in.

          Christie's
        • The Edward Hicks Federal tiger maple highboy
          May. 31, 2018

          The Edward Hicks Federal tiger maple highboy

          Est: $2,000 - $3,000

          The Edward Hicks Federal tiger maple highboy circa 1780, molded crown over four drawers, lower part with configuration of drawers, scalloped skirt, shell-carved cabriole legs on pad feet; H74" W40" D20" Provenance: Edward Hicks (1780-1849) collection, by descent to as detailed: Edward Hicks to his son Isaac Worstall Hicks in 1849 Isaac Hicks to his son William Penrose Hicks in 1898 William Penrose Hicks to his daughter Hannah Brown Hicks in 1916 Hannah Brown Hicks to her daughter Eleanor Hicks Lee in 1976 Eleanor Hicks Lee to her daughter Diana Lee Guttenberg in 1986 Diana Lee Guttenberg to her daughter Jennifer Anne Thomas in 2013 Other Notes: Edward Hicks (1780-1849) was a Pennsylvania-born Quaker artist and is considered the most well-known and beloved of America's folk painters. Born in Langhorne, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, the orphaned Hicks was apprenticed to local coachmakers William and Henry Tomlinson where he learned the art of ornamental painting. By 1803 he had married Sarah Worstall of Newtown, Pennsylvania. Hicks is best-known for his Peaceable Kingdom painting, of which he painted various versions. Today there are 62 versions currently known.

          Charlton Hall
        • EDWARD HICKS (1780 - 1849) | Penn's Treaty with the Indians
          Jan. 21, 2017

          EDWARD HICKS (1780 - 1849) | Penn's Treaty with the Indians

          Est: $800,000 - $1,200,000

          oil on canvas

          Sotheby's
        • Edward Hicks, 1780 - 1849, zug.
          Apr. 08, 2016

          Edward Hicks, 1780 - 1849, zug.

          Est: €500 - €700

          BUKOLISCHE SZENE Öl auf Eichenholz. 46,3 x 65,3 cm. Verso auf der Platte datiert „1831“. Ohne Rahmen. (1032651) (125570) (12) Edward Hicks, 1780 - 1849, attributed BUCOLIC SCENE Oil on oak panel. 46.3 x 65.3 cm. Verso dated “1831” on panel. Unframed. Horizontal tear and restored.

          Hampel Fine Art Auctions
        • A 20th Century Painting After Edward Hicks' Peaceable Kingdom
          Feb. 15, 2016

          A 20th Century Painting After Edward Hicks' Peaceable Kingdom

          Est: $1,500 - $2,500

          Oil on canvas, after a painting by Edward Hicks (American, 1780 - 1849) depicting The Peaceable Kingdom, signed illegibly at the lower right.

          Locati LLC
        • EDWARD HICKS (1780 - 1849) | THE OLD DEMOCRAT: PORTRAIT OF ANDREW JACKSON
          Jan. 24, 2016

          EDWARD HICKS (1780 - 1849) | THE OLD DEMOCRAT: PORTRAIT OF ANDREW JACKSON

          Est: $100,000 - $150,000

          oil on panel

          Sotheby's
        • EDWARD HICKS 1780 - 1849 | JONATHAN AND DAVID AT THE STONE EZEL
          Jan. 21, 2016

          EDWARD HICKS 1780 - 1849 | JONATHAN AND DAVID AT THE STONE EZEL

          Est: $20,000 - $30,000

          Painted in Newtown, Pennsylvania, taken from engraving by C. Tiebout after etching by James Akin after oil by William Hogarth; on the original red painted stretcher inscribed: PAINTED BY EDW. HICKS IN HIS 67TH YR.

          Sotheby's
        • Edward Hicks, 1780 - 1849, zug.
          Dec. 11, 2015

          Edward Hicks, 1780 - 1849, zug.

          Est: €1,000 - €1,500

          BUKOLISCHE SZENE Öl auf Eichenholz. 46,3 x 65,3 cm. Verso auf der Platte datiert „1831“. Ohne Rahmen. Horizontaler Riss und rest. (1032651) (12) Edward Hicks, 1780 - 1849, attributed BUCOLIC SCENE Oil on oak panel. 46.3 x 65.3 cm. Verso dated “1831“ on panel. Unframed. Horizontal tear and restored.

          Hampel Fine Art Auctions
        • Edward Hicks, Colonial Williamsburg Print
          Feb. 15, 2014

          Edward Hicks, Colonial Williamsburg Print

          Est: -

          Edward Hicks, Colonial Williamsburg Print late 20th century, "Leedom Farm" originally painted 1849, printed on board and housed in a faux grain painted frame. DOA 26 x 32 in. No apparent condition concerns.

          Leland Little Auctions
        • Edward Hicks (1780-1849)
          Jan. 25, 2013

          Edward Hicks (1780-1849)

          Est: $600,000 - $900,000

          Edward Hicks (1780-1849) Penn's Treaty oil on canvas 17¾ x 23¾ in.

          Christie's
        • After Edward Hicks (1780-1849), a peaceable kindom, 20th/21st century, Oil on canvas, framed.
          Nov. 20, 2011

          After Edward Hicks (1780-1849), a peaceable kindom, 20th/21st century, Oil on canvas, framed.

          Est: $200 - $400

          After Edward Hicks (1780-1849) a peaceable kindom, 20th/21st century Oil on canvas, framed. 31 1/2 in. x 27 1/4 in. (sight) PROVENANCE: Estate of Robert and Lillian Robinson

          Freeman's
        • Ed Hicks (b. 1942) Two Paintings,
          Jul. 21, 2011

          Ed Hicks (b. 1942) Two Paintings,

          Est: $200 - $400

          Ed Hicks (b. 1942) Two Paintings, 282.1 "Near York" Signed "E Hicks" lower left Acrylic, 12 by 20 inches 282.2 House on Shore Signed "E Hicks" lower right Acrylic, 9.25 by 9.25 inches

          Copley Fine Art Auctions
        • After Edward Hicks (1780-1849), newtown landscape, Inscribed, "Edw. Hicks New Town, 1818," watercolor and ink on paper..
          Apr. 13, 2011

          After Edward Hicks (1780-1849), newtown landscape, Inscribed, "Edw. Hicks New Town, 1818," watercolor and ink on paper..

          Est: $300 - $500

          After Edward Hicks (1780-1849) newtown landscape Inscribed, "Edw. Hicks New Town, 1818," watercolor and ink on paper. . H: 6 3/4 in. W: 15 in.

          Freeman's
        • Edward Hicks (1780-1849) 23"x18.5" drawing 'Quaker Woman' charcoal on paper drawing, signed lower right
          Dec. 12, 2010

          Edward Hicks (1780-1849) 23"x18.5" drawing 'Quaker Woman' charcoal on paper drawing, signed lower right

          Est: $2,500 - $3,500

          Edward Hicks (1780-1849) 23"x18.5" drawing 'Quaker Woman' charcoal on paper drawing, signed lower right

          California Auctioneers
        • After Edward Hick oil painting on canvas, "The
          Oct. 20, 2010

          After Edward Hick oil painting on canvas, "The

          Est: $1,000 - $2,000

          After Edward Hick oil painting on canvas, "The Cornell Farm". Circa 1848. Canvas: 36"H x 50"W; Frame: 41"H x 55"W. Signed lower right, "Shilling apres Baly". Edward Hicks (American, 1780-1849) In the permanent collection of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. Circa - 20th C.

          Dallas Auction Gallery
        • Edward Hicks 1780-1849 , Peaceable Kingdom of the Banner oil on canvas
          Sep. 26, 2008

          Edward Hicks 1780-1849 , Peaceable Kingdom of the Banner oil on canvas

          Est: $2,000,000 - $3,000,000

          painted 1829-1830 The painting is in its original cherry-veneered frame with corner blocks, handlettered by the artist. oil on canvas

          Sotheby's
        • EDWARD HICKS (1780-1849), 1835-1840
          Sep. 25, 2008

          EDWARD HICKS (1780-1849), 1835-1840

          Est: $4,000,000 - $6,000,000

          EDWARD HICKS (1780-1849), 1835-1840 Peaceable Kingdom as noted by Dorothy Canning Miller, Eleanor Price Mather and Carolyn J. Weekley, the painting retains its original black painted frame with interior gilded edge. oil on canvas 29½ x 35¼ in.

          Christie's
        • Edward Hicks 1780-1849 , The Peaceable Kingdom with the Leopard of Serenity oil on canvas
          May. 22, 2008

          Edward Hicks 1780-1849 , The Peaceable Kingdom with the Leopard of Serenity oil on canvas

          Est: $6,000,000 - $8,000,000

          oil on canvas

          Sotheby's
        • Edward Hicks (1780-1849) , Jonathan and David at the Stone Ezel oil on canvas
          Jan. 18, 2008

          Edward Hicks (1780-1849) , Jonathan and David at the Stone Ezel oil on canvas

          Est: $100,000 - $150,000

          inscribed lower right; the red painted original stretcher, inscribed in Hicks' hand: Painted By Edward Hicks in His 67th y·r. oil on canvas

          Sotheby's
        • Portrait of George Washington
          Jan. 17, 2008

          Portrait of George Washington

          Est: $150,000 - $250,000

          Edward Hicks (1780-1849), 1835-1845 Portrait of George Washington oil on canvas laid on board 29 x 24½ inches

          Christie's
        • Peaceable Kingdom
          Nov. 29, 2007

          Peaceable Kingdom

          Est: $4,000,000 - $6,000,000

          Edward Hicks (1780-1849) Peaceable Kingdom oil on canvas 17¾ x 23¾ in. (45.1 x 60.3 cm.) Painted circa 1840-45.

          Christie's
        • EDWARD HICKS (1780-1849)
          Jan. 19, 2007

          EDWARD HICKS (1780-1849)

          Est: $100,000 - $150,000

          THE GRAVE OF WILLIAM PENN 23 1/2 by 31 1/4 in. (59.7 by 79.4cm) indistinctly inscribed... Buckinghamshire, l.c. also inscribed Painted by Edw. Hicks in the 68th year of his age/for his friend Joshua Longstreth of Philada. on the stretcher. oil on canvas PROVENANCE Joshua Longstreth, Philadelphia (gift from the artist) Mr. and Mrs. Owen Winston, New York, 1920s (through Edward Hicks Carle, brother of Robert W. Carle) John Winston (their son), Gladstone, New Jersey Mrs. John Winston (his wife), Gladstone, New Jersey Mrs. David Callard (their daughter), Bethesda, Maryland Andrew Crisp Gallery, New York EXHIBITED Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Carnegie Institute, Three Self-Taught Pennsylvania Artists, n.d. New York, United States Section of the International Commission on Folk Art, Exhibition of Folk Art, 1935 New York, Whitney Museum of American Art Springfield, Massachusetts, Springfield Museum of Fine Arts, Landscape Painting 1800-1900, January-February 1938, no. 10, p. 25 (as The Home of William Penn) Princeton, New Jersey, Squibb Art Gallery, American Painting: A Gathering from Three Centuries (organized by the Historical Society of Princeton), October 1975, no. 29 New York, Andrew Crispo Gallery, 19th and 20th Century Americans, April-May 1979, no 44 New York, Andrew Crispo Gallery (and traveling), American Masters of the 19th and 20th Centuries, January-February 1982 LITERATURE Frederick Newlin Price, Edward Hicks 1780-1849, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania, 1945, no. 23, p. 26 Eleanor Price Mather and Dorothy Canning Miller, Edward Hicks: His Peaceable Kingdoms and Other Painting, Newark, New Jersey, 1983, p. 187, no. 98, illustrated NOTE Painted in 1847 According to Eleanor Price Mather: "Hicks derives his composition from Paul Gauci's lithograph after a painting by the Dutch artist Hendrick Frans de Cort. The original is now at teh Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, the gift of Granville Penn, descendant of the founder. "The artist has several contemporaries named Joshua Longstreth. This one was probably the father-in-law of his friend Richard Price. In a letter to the latter, Hicks refers to his elderly friend as 'having a taste for farming and cattle,' and describes the print source of these works as 'the handsomest English landscape I ever saw.' That it was the final resting place of his great here, Penn, increased its appeal. The bull's darkening coat may reflect the painter's sense of his own approaching death" (Mather, pp. 184-186).

          Sotheby's
        • Edward Hicks (1780-1849), Circa 1832
          Jan. 18, 2007

          Edward Hicks (1780-1849), Circa 1832

          Est: $100,000 - $150,000

          Portrait of Andrew Jackson oil on canvas laid down on board 21 1/2 x 19 3/4 in. back of stretcher bears museum labels from the Nelson-Atkins Museum (Kansas City, MO), The Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Museum (Williamsburg, VA) and the Philadelphia Museum of Art (Philadelphia, PA).

          Christie's
        • Edward Hicks (1780-1849), Circa 1835-1845
          Jan. 18, 2007

          Edward Hicks (1780-1849), Circa 1835-1845

          Est: $1,500,000 - $2,000,000

          William Penn's Treaty oil on canvas laid down on board 18 x 24 inches

          Christie's
        • Edward Hicks (1780-1849), 1849
          Jan. 18, 2007

          Edward Hicks (1780-1849), 1849

          Est: $3,000,000 - $4,000,000

          The Peaceable Kingdom oil on canvas 24 1/4 x 30 1/4 inches backing of frame bears museum labels for Nelson-Atkins Museum, Colonial Williamsburg and the Philadelphia Museum of Art. The backing also bears two old paper labels with typed inscriptions, the first reading The last "PEACEABLE KINGDOM" - 1849 by Edward Hicks. Painted for his daughter Elizabeth just before his death. Owned by Mr. & Mrs. Mark T. Swartz Great, great, great-grandson"; the second reading Mark T. Swartz III/from your great Aunt/Cornelia Carle Hicks

          Christie's
        • EDWARD HICKS (1780-1849)
          Jan. 20, 2006

          EDWARD HICKS (1780-1849)

          Est: $2,000,000 - $3,000,000

          THE PEACEABLE KINGDOM measurements 25 by 32 1/2 in. alternate measurements 63.5 by 82.6cm oil on canvas PROVENANCE David Ellinger, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, 1949 EXHIBITED Washington, D.C., Diplomatic Reception Rooms, U.S. Department of State, 1976-2000 New York, New York, Andrew Crispo Gallery, Edward Hicks, A Gentle Spirit, May 16 to July 26, 1975, catalogue number 17 New York, New York, The ACA Galleries, Four American Primitives, John Kane, Horrace Pippin, Grandma Moses, Edward Hicks, February 22 to March 11, 1972 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia Museum of Art LITERATURE Eleanor Price Mather and Dorothy Canning Miller, Edward Hicks, His Peaceable Kingdoms and Other Paintings (Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1983, p. 151, fig. 58) Alice Ford, Edward Hicks, His Life and Art (New York: Abbeville Press, 1985, pp. 202-203, illus. p. 204) NOTE Recollections of Bob Carlen He was my father so, of course, I thought him handsome, brilliant, and funny. He loved, in no particular order, his family, the paintings of Hicks and Pippin, Pennsylvania Dutch Antiques (quilts and weathervanes in partiuclar), opera (which he sang at the top of his lungs in the car on Sunday afternoon drives), and small animals (you could catch him feeding strays outside the back door late at night). Because he came from a poor family, he was self educated. He had a photographic memory, reading art and history until late at night in the stacks of the Philadelphia library and retaining it all. And, finally, he was a born teacher, leading my sister and me through museums with a magnifying glass when we were children, demostrating how the brush applied the paint to the canvas. I watched him, late in his life, gather a crowd of 30 or more, as he, unselfconsciously, lectured his way through an exhibit of the Rockefeller Collection (John D III had been a client of his) at the San Francisco Museum. He owned, in his lifetime, thirty-three paintings by Edward Hicks; they were everywhere in our house, and this Peaceable Kingdom, that my mother sells now, was his favorite. He bought it in 1949 from his friend David Ellinger, a Bucks County dealer. I was eight years old so I grew up with this painting always hanging in our living room, always a part of my life, and now of my father's legacy. Nancy Carlen, September 2005 on the original chrome-red stretchers inscribed in Hicks' hand: Peaceable Kingdom/ Painted by Edward Hicks in the 66th year of his age. Painted 1846-1847. In his lifetime, legendary art dealer Robert Carlen (1906-1990) located more than half of the known works by American folk artist Edward Hicks (1780-1849); at last count 62 have been found. Carlen's search for Hicks works spanned decades and helped to build his reputation as a leading dealer in American folk art. In numerous cases, Carlen bought paintings from the descendants of the original owners. Though he had many of Hicks's works in his possession, Carlen only kept one--a Peaceable Kingdom done in the artist's "66th year", which Alice Ford deems "a precious legacy."[1] Carlen purchased the work from his friend and Bucks County dealer David Ellinger in 1949. Considered "psychologically the most powerful of the Kingdoms,"[2] it graced Carlen's living room until it was loaned to the Diplomatic Rooms at the State Department in 1976 to 2000 as part of the government's Americana Project.(4) Carlen brought Hicks to the attention of the art world and its patrons by the 1940s. He recalled in a 1985 interview how he had to initially convince his clients about the importance of the artist.[3] Carlen considered Hicks "the American Rousseau" and held the "Hicks Centennial Exhibition" at the Robert Carlen Gallery in Philadelphia, 1949.[4] Today Hicks is considered the quintessential American folk artist. In the nineteenth-century, he was recognized for his Quaker ministry rather than the engaging simplicity of his easel work. Edward was born to Isaac and Catharine Hicks in Bucks County, Pennsylvania on April 4, 1780. Soon after the untimely death of his mother, Edward's father remarried. Unable to support his children, Isaac sent three-year-old Edward to live with a business acquaintance David Twining and his wife Elizabeth in Newtown, Pennsylvania. The Twinings introduced Edward to the Society of Friends. For seven years starting in 1793, Hicks apprenticed with coach makers William and Henry Tomlinson in Langhorne, near Newtown. Hicks's talent for coach and sign painting not only gave him the means to support his family but would eventually provide an artistic language in which he could express his religious convictions. His understanding of color and his adroitness for lettering, particularly with the difficult combination of black on yellow, became a signature technique found in numerous Kingdoms. As a man of twenty-three, Hicks became a member of the Middletown Monthly Meeting and married Sarah Worstall. His growing involvement with his faith led to his ordination as a minister by 1811. That year he also opened his own shop as a decorative painter and eventually found himself criticized by the Friends for transgressing the bounds of Quaker simplicity. While ornamental painting was an acceptable trade to the Friends, it had to adhere to their general guidelines for attitudes and behavior known as the "Rules of Discipline". Effected by their condemnation, and in arrears, Hicks quit his shop and became a farmer, a vocation he believed to be more consistent for a Christian. With the assistance of friends and family, Hicks paid down his debt and returned to decorative painting at least to a modest extent by mid-1816. During his short-lived career as a farmer, Hicks entered a pivotal relationship with his older cousin the Quaker minister Elias Hicks of Long Island, New York. The two remained close until Elias's death in 1830. The elder Hicks was at the center of the schism within the Friends. Followers of the elder Hicks were known as Hicksites, with Edward being one. Like his cousin, Edward believed many Friends had strayed from the traditions practiced by their forefathers, William Penn, George Fox, and Robert Barclay. These leaders and their beliefs were fundamental to the creation of Hicks's greatest artistic achievements, namely his series of Kingdoms, which he produced for nearly thirty years, until the night before he died. With the Kingdoms Hicks reconciled his love of art and the faith to which he dedicated himself. Their naive, flat style, make the Kingdoms deceptively simple in appearance and meaning to contemporary audiences. Their richness, however, would have been understood by nineteenth-century Quakers. Though he painted other easel subjects, Hicks refined his deepest spiritual beliefs and expectations for peace within the Friends community on the Kingdom canvases. To relay his point of view in agreeable terms to the Friends, Hicks brought to life the prophecy of Isaiah 11:6-9 The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them. And the cow and the bear shall feed; their young ones shall lie down together: and the lion shall eat straw like the ox. And the suckling child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the cockatrice's den. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my hold mountain: for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea.[5] The prophecy wholly supported Elias Hicks's teaching that individuals need to overcome the "animal propensities and passions in their nature."[6] The Kingdoms were layered with Hicks's knowledge of medieval humoralism. The four humors: melancholy, sanguine, phlegmatic and choleric were represented in the animal kingdom by the wolf, leopard, bear and lion, respectively. The inner character of the animals is seen in their faces and in their movements. Over time, the facial expressions, physical movements and proximity of one animal to another changes. These transitions divide the series of paintings into the Early, Middle and Later Kingdoms, and divine the whole body of work as a dynamic artistic expression of a life and the history of the Society of Friends in America. The Later Kingdoms (1835-1849) were created during the last phase of Hicks's life when the artist-minister turned his attentions inward to find his own "Inner Light" through prayer and introspection. Eleanore Price Mather and Dorothy Canning Miller refer to these paintings as the "Kingdoms of Departure." [7] Their tone is one of resignation and acceptance that peace could only be reached if the Friends "fully relinquished their self-will to the will of God."[8] They are marked by a shift from the uneasy peace evidenced in the Middle Kingdoms where the animals were alert with trepidation. In particular, the lion which dominates the Later Kingdoms has mellowed in appearance, giving these works a serene feeling that makes them more akin to the Early Kingdoms. Elements from the Early Kingdoms reemerged and were integrated with significant symbols employed in the Middle Kingdoms. Hicks reaffirmed his desire for a harmonious life by restoring Penn's Treaty to the composition and combining it with the image of Elias Hicks and the other Quaker forefathers who peopled the middle period's Banner Kingdoms. The branch of grapes also reappeared to remind viewers of the redemptive blood of Christ. Every Quaker, including Hicks, truly would be a Christian when he overcame his natural animal propensities. The addition of the lioness tending to her cubs noted the importance of women and children to the future of the Friends. Hicks's hopes were now hinged on the youth and the ability of their elders to raise them in their faith as advocated by their forefathers. As he declared in his Memoirs towards the end of his life ...parents, guardians, and the head of families [should] consider themselves as delegated shepherds...charged with the care of a flock of lambs...for whose present and everlasting welfare they are in a certain degree responsible....Such as are thus exercised will be kind, affectionate, tender-hearted, forgiving one another, and be the happy instruments of kindling on the altar of the child's heart, the same devotional flame that glows within their own breast.[9] Incorporating new symbols as well as evolving his compositional techniques evidence the continuous refinement of Hicks's thinking and draftsmanship. The animals now spread out from the right to the left side of the canvass. "Animation--truly suspended--and a new mobility lend an air of spontaneity that almost belies a reliance on prints."[10] The alteration of the landscape along with the transformation of the animals not only document a personal view of the Friends in nineteenth-century America but Hicks's ever-striving to improve as both man and artist. Bibliography Carlen Galleries, Inc., Records, 1775-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Carlen, Nancy. Recollections of Robert Carlen, 2005. Conger, Clement E., Chairman, Fine Arts Committee, Department of State, to "Friend of the Americana Project", March 22, 1974 and September 9, 1974. Carlen Galleries, Inc., Records, 1775-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution Ford, Alice. Edward Hicks: His Life and Art. New York: Abbeville Press, 1985. Gaines, Catherine S. Finding Aid to the Carlen Galleries, Inc., Records, 1775-1997. Smithsonian Archives of American Art, 2002. http://www.aaa.si.edu/findaids/carlgall/carlgall.htm, November 13, 2005. Hicks, Edward. Memoirs of the Life and Religious Labors of Edward Hicks, Late of Newtown, Bucks County, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, PA: Merrihew & Thompson, Printers, 1851. Mather, Eleanore Price and Dorothy Canning Miller. Edward Hicks: His Peaceable Kingdoms and Other Paintings. Newark, NJ: University of Delaware Press, 1983. Stover, Catharine. Interview with Robert Carlen. Smithsonian Archives of American Art, June 28, 1985. http://artarchives.si.edu/oralhist/carlen85.htm, November 13, 2005. Weekley, Carolyn J. The Kingdoms of Edward Hicks. New York, NY: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., Publishers, 1999. [1] Alice Ford, Edward Hicks: His Life and Art (New York: Abbeville Press, 1985), p. 202. [2] Eleanore Price Mather and Dorothy Canning Miller, Edward Hicks: His Peaceable Kingdoms and Other Paintings (Newark, NJ: University of Delaware Press, 1983), p. 151. [3] Robert Carlen interview by Catharine Stover for Smithsonian Archives of American Art, June 28, 1985. [4] Mather and Miller, Edward Hicks, p. 151. [5] The Holy Bible, Containing All the Books of The Old and New Testaments, King James Version (New York: Viking Studio, 1999), p. 567. [6] Weekley, The Kingdoms of Edward Hicks, p. 42. [7] Mather and Miller as cited in Weekley, Kingdoms of Edward Hicks, p. 151. [8] Weekley, Kingdoms of Edward Hicks, p. 154. [9] Edward Hicks, Memoirs of the Life and Religious Labors of Edward Hicks, Late of Newtown, Bucks County, Pennsylvania (Philadelphia: Merrihew & Thompson, Printers, 1851), pp. 116-117. [10] Ford, Edward Hicks: His Life and Art, p. 202.

          Sotheby's
        • EDWARD HICKS (1780-1849)
          Jan. 16, 2003

          EDWARD HICKS (1780-1849)

          Est: $200,000 - $300,000

          Washington at the Delaware inscribed Washington Crossed here/Christmas-eve. 1776, aided by Genls. Sullivan, Greene, lord Sterling Mercer & St. Clair across the bottom oil on canvas 321/4x 313/4in. PROVENANCE Alexander Nelson's Tavern, New Jersey Macy's, New York Robert Friedenberg, New York Hary Shaw Newman, New York, 1946 George G. Frelinghysen Morristown, New Jersey Mr. and Mrs. Bertram K. Little, Brookline Massachusetts Childs Gallery, Boston Sotheby's, New York, 3 December 1997, lot 82 LITERATURE Frederick Newlin Price, Edward Hicks 1780-1849, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania, 1945, p.26 Art Digest, New York, February 1, 1946, p. 2, illustrated The Magazine Antiques, New York, February 1946, p. 97, illustrated Life Magazine, New York, July 1950, p. 46, illustrated in color Alice Ford, Edward Hicks: Painter of the Peaceable Kingdom, Philadelphia, 1952, p. xiii, no. 8, p. 142, illustrated Mary Black and Jean Lipman, American Folk Painting, New York, 1956, pp. 159, 164, figure 146 I History of the United States. The Making of a Nation, 1972, p. 68, illustrated Richard M. Ketchum, ed., The American Heritage Book of the Revolution, New York, 1971, p. 203, illustrated in color Eleanor Prince Mather and Dorthy Canning Miller, Edward Hicks: His Peaceable Kingdoms and Other Paintings, Newark, New Jersey, 1983, no. 62 pp. 155-156, illustrated EXHIBITION Macy Galleries, New York, An Exhibition in the Honor of the Birth of George Washington, February 1932, no. 5, illustrated on the cover (captioned as by Benjamin Hicks of Newton) Springfield Massachusetts Springfield Museum of Art, A Century of American Landscape Painting 1800-1800, n.d., no. 10 Newark Museum, Newark, New Jersey, Owned in New Jersey: Paintings and Decorative Arts, October-December 1946, no. 4 Kunstmuseum Luzern, Lucerne, Switzerland, Amerikanisch Malerei. Peintres Naifs vom 17. Jarhundert bis heute, (organized by the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., for the U.S. Information Service), City of Manchester Art Gallery, Manchester, England, October-November 1954, no. 25, p. 15 American Primitive Paintings, May 1955, no.29 Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., Three Self-Taught Pennsylvania Artists: Hicks, Kane, Pippin, October 1966-February 1967, no. 11, illustrated The Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Collection, Williamsburg, Virginia, Land and Seascape as Observed by the Folk Artists. An Exhibition from the Collection of Bertram K. and Nina Fletcher Little, January-May 1969, no. 23, p. 17, illustrated Galerie St. Etienne, New York, The Folk Art Tradition, November 1981-January 1982, no. 25 Andrew Crispo Gallery, New York, American Masters of the 19th and 20th Centuries, March-April 1982, no. 15 NOTES Edward Hicks, one of America's most important self-taught artists was a fervent Quaker preacher and missionary. As such, making a living by painting portraits and other self-indulgent symbols was incompatible with his religious convictions. To reconcile his artistic impulse with his Quaker beliefs, he painted nearly a hundred paintings of the biblical theme Peaceable Kingdom as well as other subjects. Despite his renown as a minister, it was his paintings- done privately as an expression of his faith as well as his creative compulsions- for which he is almost exclusively known today. This subject, Washington Crossing the Delaware is divergent from Hick's religious oeuvre but one that is iconic in American History. On December 25, 1776, Washington led troops across the Delaware River for a successful attack on British forces at Trenton, New Jersey. Although it was a small victory, it boosted the American morale and was a turning point in the Revolution. As with other historical subject rendered by Hicks, the composition is based on a print source. This picture is closely related to Washington at the Delaware an engraving by George S. Lang in the Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Center, Williamsburg, Virginia after Thomas Sully Washington at the Passage of the Delaware, 1819 now in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. This sign and it's companion, located in the Mercer Museum in Buck's County Pennsylvania were most likely painted in 1833 for the January 1, 1934 opening of a bridge spanning the Delaware River from Pennsylvania to New Jersey. The sign is inscribed on the bottom, Washington Crossed here Christmas- eve 1776, aided by Genls. Sullivan, Greene, lord Sterling Mercer & St. Clair. Hick's mistakenly noted the date to be Christmas Eve. This sign hung on the New Jersey side of the bridge until seven years later in 1841 when it was rescued from a flood and placed for safe keeping in the bar of Alexander Nelson's Tavern near McKonkey's Ferry.

          Christie's
        • *Edward Hicks (1780-1849)
          Nov. 28, 2001

          *Edward Hicks (1780-1849)

          Est: $125,000 - $175,000

          *Edward Hicks (1780-1849) the grave of william penn indistinctly inscribed . . . Buckinghamshire, l.c.; also inscribed Painted by Edw. Hicks in the 68th year of his age/for his friend Joshua Longstreth of Philada. on the stretcher oil on canvas 23 1/2 by 31 1/4in. (59.7 by 79.4cm.) Painted in 1847. According to Eleanor Price Mather: "Hicks derives his composition from Paul Gauci's lithograph after a painting by the Dutch artist Hendrik Frans de Cort. The original is now at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, the gift of Granville Penn, descendant of the founder. "The artist had several contemporaries named Joshua Longstreth. This one was probably the father-in-law of his friend Richard Price. In a letter to the latter, Hicks refers to this elderly friend as 'having a taste for farming and cattle,' and describes the print source of these works as 'the handsomest English landscape I ever saw.' That it was the final resting place of his great hero, Penn, increased its appeal. The bull's darkening coat may reflect the painter's sense of his own approaching death" (Mather, pp. 184-186).

          Sotheby's
        • EDWARD HICKS (1780-1849)*
          Oct. 12, 2001

          EDWARD HICKS (1780-1849)*

          Est: $10,000 - $15,000

          Peaceable Kingdom Study: Lion and Ox pencil on paper 81/4x5in. LITERATURE Mather and Miller, Edward Hicks: His Peaceable Kingdom and Other Paintings (Newark, 1983) p. 69. NOTES Found in a Bible dated 1835 and belonged to a member of the Plymouth Meeting, the drawing illustrated here employs artistic conventions and a compositional style strikingly similar to and most likely done by Edward Hicks. These include, the heavy, semi-circular eye-lids set with prominent upright whiskers and triangulated nose of the lion, and dark-filled eyes and conjoined double-S shape of the Ox's nostrils. In addition, each animal's stance, the lion with its S-shaped tail curving in between its legs and splayed upright toes, executed almost as if the animal were walking on the sides of its feet, and Ox chewing long grasses in its mouth. In this drawing, however, no part of the lion's mane issues from its ears. While in many of Hicks's Peaceable Kingdom series, the lion sits near the Ox, several completed oil versions incorporate a similar positioning of animals to that seen here. These include examples at the Mercer Museum of the Bucks County Historical Society, the Carnegie Museum of Art and a third in a private collection (see Weekley, The Kingdoms of Edward Hicks (Williamsburg, 1999), p. 134, fig. 124; p. 142, fig. 135; p. 143, fig. 136.).

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