Lot 276: 1846 Imprint Congressional Report Titled War Steamers Scarce

Early American

October 29, 2016
Rancho Santa Fe, CA, US

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Description: Post-Revolutionary War to Civil War
1846 Congressional Report Titled "War Steamers" Scarce
May 20, 1846-Dated Imprint, Congressional Report entitled, "War Steamers," Extremely Fine.
This is an original report to the United States Congress, dated May 20, 1846, 39 pages, measuring 8.75" x 5.5" and very clean overall. It is a report with details describing the construction of "War Steamers" the vessel, including the placement and sizes of the cannons. They are to include two 12-inch guns for solid shot, at the bow and stern, mounted on iron carriages. The Paixhan Guns will also be mounted on iron carriages, the engines will produce 1,000 horsepower. It describes the decks and the haul with measurements, the amount of ammo will be 350 12 inch shot and 1,000 8 inch shells, with the proper amount of powder with stores to supply 120 men. This vessel will run 10 miles per hour in good seas. This report submitted by J. Ericson (made famous later during the Civil War, for his invention of the FIRST IRON CLAD Vessel, the USS MONITOR). There are Nine large fold out plates or diagrams, one or two having minor tear repairs. This imprint is nicely bound in new acid free wraps, with label. Very scarce.
A Board of Captains convened in 1845 determined that the ships of the US Navy would be armed with 32-pounders. and 8-inch shell-guns of different classes. By this Regulation there were established six descriptions of 32-pdrs., classed according to their weight, viz.: of 57wt',(or long gun,) of 51 ct., 46 cwt. 42 cwt., 32 cwt. and 27 cwt.; and two classes of 8-in. shell-guns-63 cwt. and 55 cwt.

The first-class frigates carried 32-pdrs. of 57 cwt., and four 8-in. of 63 cwt. on the gun-deck, with 32-pdrs. of 32 cwt., four 8-in. of 55 cwt, and two 32-pdrs. of 51 cwt. (for chase,) on the spardeck. One or two of the heaviest ships had 32-pdrs. of 42cwt' on the spar-deck. The 32-pdr. of 46c wt was only designed for a few frigates of inferior rate.

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