Lot 13: 1876 Hero of Gettysburg GENERAL JOSHUA LAWRENCE CHAMBERLAIN Signed Check

Early American

October 29, 2016
Rancho Santa Fe, CA, US

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Description: Autographs
Civil War General "Joshua L. Chamberlain" Signed Check "Hero of Gettysburg" and Congressional Medal of Honor
GENERAL JOSHUA LAWRENCE CHAMBERLAIN (1828-1914). Union General in the Civil War and the "Hero of Gettysburg," well known for his gallantry at the Battle of Gettysburg, which earned him the Medal of Honor.
April 6, 1876-Dated, Partially-Printed Document Check Signed, "Joshua L. Chamberlain," measures 7.25" x 2.75", Choice Extremely Fine. This Check is drawn on the First National Bank of Brunswick (Maine), is made out to "J.S. Cushing" in the amount of $50. Boldly and fully Signed in lower right "Joshua L. Chamberlain" measuring a huge 3.75" long. A 2 U.S. Internal Revenue stamp is affixed to the left side, and over stamped with the bank's cancellation. Prior edge mounting traces on the blank verso, overall extremely fine in condition. Excellent for display.
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain (born Lawrence Joshua Chamberlain, September 8, 1828 - February 24, 1914) was an American college professor from the State of Maine, who volunteered during the American Civil War to join the Union Army. He became a highly respected and decorated Union officer, reaching the rank of brigadier general (and brevet major general). He is most well known for his gallantry at the Battle of Gettysburg, which earned him the Medal of Honor.

Chamberlain was commissioned a lieutenant colonel in the 20th Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment in 1862 and fought at the Battle of Fredericksburg. He became commander of the regiment in June 1863.

On July 2, during the Battle of Gettysburg, Chamberlain's regiment occupied the extreme left of the Union lines at Little Round Top. Chamberlain's men withheld repeated Confederate assaults and finally drove them away with a bayonet charge.

He was severely wounded while commanding a brigade during the Second Battle of Petersburg in June 1864, and was given what was intended to be a death bed promotion to brigadier general. In April 1865, he fought at the Battle of Five Forks and was given the honor of commanding the Union troops at the surrender ceremony for the infantry of Robert E. Lee's Army at Appomattox Court House, Virginia.

After the war, he entered politics as a Republican and served four one-year terms of office as the 32nd Governor of Maine. He served on the faculty, and as president, of his alma mater, Bowdoin College. He died in 1914 at age 85 due to complications from the wound that he received at Petersburg.

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