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Lot 810: 明成化 銅雕持蓮童子圖雙螭龍耳四方大香爐 A MAGNIFICENT AND RARE LARGE BRONZE 'BOYS HOLDING LOTUS' CENSER, MARK AND PERIOD OF CHENGHUA

Yu Jen Taipei

December 18, 2022
Taipei City, Taiwan

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810 明成化 銅雕持蓮童子圖雙螭龍耳四方大香爐
「大明成化丁亥日造年吉」款
L77cm W54cm H66cm Wt.103.8kg
來源:日本永藏商事株式會社收藏
久手堅憲二收藏
爐銅鑄,體型碩大,質地精良,胎沉穩厚重,色澤溫潤含蓄。器仿商周青銅鼎形制,敞口方唇,直束頸,直腹下收,兩側飾螭龍耳,下承四甪端吞式足,形微外撇,略細長,展現出力度與美感的視覺效果。頸部雙勾線陰刻「大明成化丁亥日造年吉」楷書款,書體莊重雋秀。整器紋飾繁縟奢華,口緣外壁筆直,鏨刻回紋一周。腹兩面浮雕雙嬰戲蓮為主題,俗稱「太子玩蓮」,「蓮」諧音「連」,寓「連生貴子」吉祥之意。畫面中兩童子身穿蓮花紋肚兜,雙手執蓮莖,穿梭於蓮花間嬉戲,蓮花娉婷盛放,梗莖交錯,纖細柔蔓,蓮花婉轉卷曲,順勢伸向畫面中央,搭配童子雙腿一立一起,自然曲躬,似闊步前行或跳躍舞蹈,氣氛歡慶活潑。器身兩側飾螭龍耳,螭龍前足攀扶口沿,獅鼻平脗,閉口瞪目注視爐內,鬚髪飄然,長尾分岔捲曲,後足和龍尾緊貼足部之甪端,矯健靈活,饒富古意。
 
嬰戲圖,是常見的傳統吉祥紋樣之一,據唐代張彥遠《歷代名畫記》記載,南朝畫家顧景秀、江僧寶等,曾以兒童為題材作畫;至唐代,以兒童為獨立題材的人物畫作品出現,如法國吉美亞洲博物館庋藏唐〈蓮上化生童子圖〉,童子於盛開蓮花中嬉戲,稱之化生童子;入宋後,嬰戲圖成為裝飾藝術流行主題,常見「太子戲蓮」、「嬰戲纏枝蓮」等紋樣寓有「兒孫滿堂、家族綿延」的美好願望。如北京故宮博物院庋藏宋〈耀州窯青釉刻花嬰戲紋碗〉,飽滿的嬰兒戲於三朵蓮花之間,生動活潑;至明代,嬰戲圖既有晚唐「百兒詩」描述之場景,亦有被稱為「磨喝樂」的「持蓮童子」之佛教題材,更多的是描繪孩童日常戲耍畫面,再與牡丹、蓮花、桂花等組成各種紋樣圖案,喻有「多子多福」、「百子連科」、「連生九子」、「連生貴子」等吉祥寓意。其中與蓮花組成之紋樣如台北國立故宮博物院庋藏明成化〈青花嬰戲圖盌(九子)〉、〈青花嬰戲圖碗〉及本件明成化〈銅雕持蓮童子圖雙螭龍耳四方大香爐〉,構圖中嬉戲的孩童臉龐圓潤、體形豐腴,或穿肚兜赤膊、或穿衫褲,姿態各異,個個生動傳神,活潑可愛,呈現出繁茂生機。
 
據《大明會典》載:「洪武二十六年,定凡供用器物及祭祀器皿並在京各衙門合用一應什物,行下該局如法成造。若金、銀、銅、鐵等器隸寶源局,皮革隸皮作局,竹木隸營繕所,疋帛隸文思院。」可知明代銅爐祭祀禮器隸屬「寶源局」工部負責鑄造;又成化八年,瓊州著名學者邱濬撰文:「我太祖高皇帝建國之初,秩祀百神,咸惟其舊⋯⋯獨於天下郡縣學春秋丁祭用古禮器焉⋯⋯祭之器籩質以竹,鼎質以金⋯⋯成化辛卯,廣東按察司副使豐城塗公伯輔,奉璽書來飭兵備,下車之始,未遑他務,首市銅鳩工,博考古圖像,按其制製之。」根據上文所考,成化年間祭器大多改用銅鑄,且在慕古風氣的帶動下,此時期銅爐製品多為仿古青銅器式樣。其廟堂祭器鼎類形制則傳承北宋徽宗敕撰《宣和博古圖》,如《重修宣和博古圖》商〈召夫鼎〉圖譜,與本器類似,為明代擬古風格常用圖譜例證之一;又其註解:「亞形內著召夫是亦廟器也。」可知在商周二朝,方鼎用於祀神祭祖,其擁有權管制甚嚴,為等級和權力的象徵;再從宋人論述中將鼎和易卦與官位相連繫,可看出三代意象的再生在宋代有舉足輕重的地位。綜觀明代各式爐制,方鼎式當屬極罕,且成化紀年之金屬祭器又存世極少,如本品碩大尺寸,器身方正,造形雄闊,紋飾瑰麗,應是經成化皇帝意志主導,並在官方不計成本的品質控管下,依樣鑄製的至臻傑作。台北國立故宮博物院庋藏明〈銅鍍金五供-香爐〉,爐作鼎形,滿飾纏枝蓮紋及三蹄足之藝術風格,與本品極為類似,可資參考。唯本品以雙嬰戲蓮,呈現高貴雍容且典雅的宮廷風格,更反映成化皇帝祈求人壽年豐、多子多福的美好願望,略勝一籌。
 
明憲宗朱見深(1447 - 1487 年)又稱成化帝,是位富有故事性的明代帝王,其任用賢能、寬免賦税,使明朝從動盪中走向復甦。反映在官窯作品上,景德鎮御窯廠也從正統、景泰、天順三朝的空白期恢復帶有年款的官窯製作,並創造明朝瓷器的藝術之巔。然其同時嗜好道教方術,追求長生不老、攘災除厄。在後宮則獨寵萬貴妃,從當時金屬陳設器可見一斑,如巴黎賽奴奇亞洲藝術博物館庋藏明成化〈銅梵文鼎式爐〉,署「大明成化年萬家造」。然萬貴妃善妒狠辣,因此明憲宗一直無子,在深恐後繼無人的憂慮下,宮廷陳設器尤偏愛寓意「兒孫滿堂」的吉祥紋飾。可從台北國立故宮博物院庋藏明成化〈青花嬰戲圖盌(九子)〉及本品見證宮廷對子孫延續的渴求。
 
青銅器多為古時祭祀吉禮,屬家國重器,故稱青銅鑄造之祭器為「吉金」,常見鼎銘「初吉丁亥」是為鑄造時之良辰吉日。又道教方術崇拜星斗,《七曜攘災決》(註)撰集言:「月歷天一周,眾生為之一月。若所至其宿度有五星,與大歲五行王相合者必生貴人。若與月五行合者,亦生貴人。若月至休廢囚死宿,所生之處多為庸人。」明憲宗嗜好道教方術,祭祀除攘災除厄,更為擬增「皇子」以護國本,必有使用道教之「星神崇拜術」求子,將日月五星與十二宮相配,用以推斷吉凶,因此從成化十二年(1476 年)至成化二十三年(1487 年),幾乎每年都有皇子出生。在重要祭祀活動中,爐為燃香必備的重要用祭器,本件明成化〈銅雕持蓮童子圖雙螭龍耳四方大香爐〉,工藝精湛考究,署「大明成化丁亥日造年吉」,呈現濃郁宮廷風格,應是祈求年吉之日「連生貴子」,背負皇室對子嗣之渴求與祈願。整器主次分明,雙螭龍耳姿態威猛,深具動感,蓮花盛開,花瓣飽滿,枝葉搖曳生風,童子穿梭其間,興奮喜悅的表情和姿態張力展露無遺,使人觀之頓生喜悅之情,將成化時期鑄銅工藝的高超水準表現得淋漓盡致,非皇室宮廷所不能見之物。
 
署有成化年款之青銅器十分罕見,此類鼎式爐拍場類似作品可見拍賣於香港蘇富比 2012 年 4 月 4 日,編號 158,明成化〈銅嵌金銀線「水波游龍」足雙耳爐〉,高 14.6 公分,拍出港幣 422 萬元成交價;另拍賣於北京保利 2015 年 12 月 7 日編號 7316,明中期〈局部金蓮塘嬰戲瑞獸紋熏爐〉,高28.3 公分,亦拍出人民幣 149.5 萬元成交價。然本品署有「大明成化丁亥日造年吉」款,且高達 66 公分,重量達 103.8 公斤,乃極罕見之碩大銅爐,且傳承有序,甚為珍稀。
 
註:西天竺國婆羅門僧金俱吒《七曜攘災決》撰集之卷上:「夫周天三百六十五度四分度之一。每日日行一度⋯⋯其宿四世界眾生所生之日時。日月行所在為之命宿。復日歷天一周。眾生為之歲。月歷天一周。眾生為之一月。若所至其宿度有五星。與大歲五行王相合者必生貴人。若與月五行合者。亦生貴人。若月至休廢囚死宿。所生之處多為庸人。」道教崇拜星斗,除攘災除厄外,經中敘述了日月五星(七曜)在天空運行,經過二十八宿中各人之命宿時,與大歲五行王相合者必生貴人。
日月五星運行天空,經過二十八宿各人所屬本命宿時之吉凶情形,七曜攘災法第三〈木宮占災攘之法〉:「歲星者東方蒼帝之子。十二年一周天。所行至人命星。春至人命星大吉。合加官祿得財物。夏至人命星合生好男女。」
預估價:
TWD 1,800,000-2,200,000
RMB 409,100-500,000

A MAGNIFICENT AND RARE LARGE BRONZE 'BOYS HOLDING LOTUS' CENSER
MARK AND PERIOD OF CHENGHUA
L77cm W54cm H66cm Wt.103.8kg

PROVENANCE:
Nagakura Shoji Co., Ltd.
Kudeken Kenji Collection

爐銅鑄,體型碩大,質地精良,胎沉穩厚重,色澤溫潤含蓄。器仿商周青銅鼎形制,敞口方唇,直束頸,直腹下收,兩側飾螭龍耳,下承四甪端吞式足,形微外撇,略細長,展現出力度與美感的視覺效果。頸部雙勾線陰刻「大明成化丁亥日造年吉」楷書款,書體莊重雋秀。整器紋飾繁縟奢華,口緣外壁筆直,鏨刻回紋一周。腹兩面浮雕雙嬰戲蓮為主題,俗稱「太子玩蓮」,「蓮」諧音「連」,寓「連生貴子」吉祥之意。畫面中兩童子身穿蓮花紋肚兜,雙手執蓮莖,穿梭於蓮花間嬉戲,蓮花娉婷盛放,梗莖交錯,纖細柔蔓,蓮花婉轉卷曲,順勢伸向畫面中央,搭配童子雙腿一立一起,自然曲躬,似闊步前行或跳躍舞蹈,氣氛歡慶活潑。器身兩側飾螭龍耳,螭龍前足攀扶口沿,獅鼻平脗,閉口瞪目注視爐內,鬚髪飄然,長尾分岔捲曲,後足和龍尾緊貼足部之甪端,矯健靈活,饒富古意。
 
嬰戲圖,是常見的傳統吉祥紋樣之一,據唐代張彥遠《歷代名畫記》記載,南朝畫家顧景秀、江僧寶等,曾以兒童為題材作畫;至唐代,以兒童為獨立題材的人物畫作品出現,如法國吉美亞洲博物館庋藏唐〈蓮上化生童子圖〉,童子於盛開蓮花中嬉戲,稱之化生童子;入宋後,嬰戲圖成為裝飾藝術流行主題,常見「太子戲蓮」、「嬰戲纏枝蓮」等紋樣寓有「兒孫滿堂、家族綿延」的美好願望。如北京故宮博物院庋藏宋〈耀州窯青釉刻花嬰戲紋碗〉,飽滿的嬰兒戲於三朵蓮花之間,生動活潑;至明代,嬰戲圖既有晚唐「百兒詩」描述之場景,亦有被稱為「磨喝樂」的「持蓮童子」之佛教題材,更多的是描繪孩童日常戲耍畫面,再與牡丹、蓮花、桂花等組成各種紋樣圖案,喻有「多子多福」、「百子連科」、「連生九子」、「連生貴子」等吉祥寓意。其中與蓮花組成之紋樣如台北國立故宮博物院庋藏明成化〈青花嬰戲圖盌(九子)〉、〈青花嬰戲圖碗〉及本件明成化〈銅雕持蓮童子圖雙螭龍耳四方大香爐〉,構圖中嬉戲的孩童臉龐圓潤、體形豐腴,或穿肚兜赤膊、或穿衫褲,姿態各異,個個生動傳神,活潑可愛,呈現出繁茂生機。
 
據《大明會典》載:「洪武二十六年,定凡供用器物及祭祀器皿並在京各衙門合用一應什物,行下該局如法成造。若金、銀、銅、鐵等器隸寶源局,皮革隸皮作局,竹木隸營繕所,疋帛隸文思院。」可知明代銅爐祭祀禮器隸屬「寶源局」工部負責鑄造;又成化八年,瓊州著名學者邱濬撰文:「我太祖高皇帝建國之初,秩祀百神,咸惟其舊⋯⋯獨於天下郡縣學春秋丁祭用古禮器焉⋯⋯祭之器籩質以竹,鼎質以金⋯⋯成化辛卯,廣東按察司副使豐城塗公伯輔,奉璽書來飭兵備,下車之始,未遑他務,首市銅鳩工,博考古圖像,按其制製之。」根據上文所考,成化年間祭器大多改用銅鑄,且在慕古風氣的帶動下,此時期銅爐製品多為仿古青銅器式樣。其廟堂祭器鼎類形制則傳承北宋徽宗敕撰《宣和博古圖》,如《重修宣和博古圖》商〈召夫鼎〉圖譜,與本器類似,為明代擬古風格常用圖譜例證之一;又其註解:「亞形內著召夫是亦廟器也。」可知在商周二朝,方鼎用於祀神祭祖,其擁有權管制甚嚴,為等級和權力的象徵;再從宋人論述中將鼎和易卦與官位相連繫,可看出三代意象的再生在宋代有舉足輕重的地位。綜觀明代各式爐制,方鼎式當屬極罕,且成化紀年之金屬祭器又存世極少,如本品碩大尺寸,器身方正,造形雄闊,紋飾瑰麗,應是經成化皇帝意志主導,並在官方不計成本的品質控管下,依樣鑄製的至臻傑作。台北國立故宮博物院庋藏明〈銅鍍金五供-香爐〉,爐作鼎形,滿飾纏枝蓮紋及三蹄足之藝術風格,與本品極為類似,可資參考。唯本品以雙嬰戲蓮,呈現高貴雍容且典雅的宮廷風格,更反映成化皇帝祈求人壽年豐、多子多福的美好願望,略勝一籌。
 
明憲宗朱見深(1447 - 1487 年)又稱成化帝,是位富有故事性的明代帝王,其任用賢能、寬免賦税,使明朝從動盪中走向復甦。反映在官窯作品上,景德鎮御窯廠也從正統、景泰、天順三朝的空白期恢復帶有年款的官窯製作,並創造明朝瓷器的藝術之巔。然其同時嗜好道教方術,追求長生不老、攘災除厄。在後宮則獨寵萬貴妃,從當時金屬陳設器可見一斑,如巴黎賽奴奇亞洲藝術博物館庋藏明成化〈銅梵文鼎式爐〉,署「大明成化年萬家造」。然萬貴妃善妒狠辣,因此明憲宗一直無子,在深恐後繼無人的憂慮下,宮廷陳設器尤偏愛寓意「兒孫滿堂」的吉祥紋飾。可從台北國立故宮博物院庋藏明成化〈青花嬰戲圖盌(九子)〉及本品見證宮廷對子孫延續的渴求。
 
青銅器多為古時祭祀吉禮,屬家國重器,故稱青銅鑄造之祭器為「吉金」,常見鼎銘「初吉丁亥」是為鑄造時之良辰吉日。又道教方術崇拜星斗,《七曜攘災決》(註)撰集言:「月歷天一周,眾生為之一月。若所至其宿度有五星,與大歲五行王相合者必生貴人。若與月五行合者,亦生貴人。若月至休廢囚死宿,所生之處多為庸人。」明憲宗嗜好道教方術,祭祀除攘災除厄,更為擬增「皇子」以護國本,必有使用道教之「星神崇拜術」求子,將日月五星與十二宮相配,用以推斷吉凶,因此從成化十二年(1476 年)至成化二十三年(1487 年),幾乎每年都有皇子出生。在重要祭祀活動中,爐為燃香必備的重要用祭器,本件明成化〈銅雕持蓮童子圖雙螭龍耳四方大香爐〉,工藝精湛考究,署「大明成化丁亥日造年吉」,呈現濃郁宮廷風格,應是祈求年吉之日「連生貴子」,背負皇室對子嗣之渴求與祈願。整器主次分明,雙螭龍耳姿態威猛,深具動感,蓮花盛開,花瓣飽滿,枝葉搖曳生風,童子穿梭其間,興奮喜悅的表情和姿態張力展露無遺,使人觀之頓生喜悅之情,將成化時期鑄銅工藝的高超水準表現得淋漓盡致,非皇室宮廷所不能見之物。
 
署有成化年款之青銅器十分罕見,此類鼎式爐拍場類似作品可見拍賣於香港蘇富比 2012 年 4 月 4 日,編號 158,明成化〈銅嵌金銀線「水波游龍」足雙耳爐〉,高 14.6 公分,拍出港幣 422 萬元成交價;另拍賣於北京保利 2015 年 12 月 7 日編號 7316,明中期〈局部金蓮塘嬰戲瑞獸紋熏爐〉,高28.3 公分,亦拍出人民幣 149.5 萬元成交價。然本品署有「大明成化丁亥日造年吉」款,且高達 66 公分,重量達 103.8 公斤,乃極罕見之碩大銅爐,且傳承有序,甚為珍稀。
 
註:西天竺國婆羅門僧金俱吒《七曜攘災決》撰集之卷上:「夫周天三百六十五度四分度之一。每日日行一度⋯⋯其宿四世界眾生所生之日時。日月行所在為之命宿。復日歷天一周。眾生為之歲。月歷天一周。眾生為之一月。若所至其宿度有五星。與大歲五行王相合者必生貴人。若與月五行合者。亦生貴人。若月至休廢囚死宿。所生之處多為庸人。」道教崇拜星斗,除攘災除厄外,經中敘述了日月五星(七曜)在天空運行,經過二十八宿中各人之命宿時,與大歲五行王相合者必生貴人。
日月五星運行天空,經過二十八宿各人所屬本命宿時之吉凶情形,七曜攘災法第三〈木宮占災攘之法〉:「歲星者東方蒼帝之子。十二年一周天。所行至人命星。春至人命星大吉。合加官祿得財物。夏至人命星合生好男女。」

台北宇珍2022秋季拍賣
Yu Jen Taipei 2022 Autumn Auction

Dimensions

L77cm W54cm H66cm Wt.103.8kg

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Payment

Accepted forms of payment: MasterCard, Visa, Wire Transfer

Shipping

Buyer pays shipping

Buyer's Premium

TWD0 - 9,999,999: 20.0%
TWD10,000,000 - 29,999,999: 15.0%
TWD30,000,000+: 12.0%

From: To: Increment:
TWD0 TWD99,999 TWD5,000
TWD100,000 TWD199,999 TWD10,000
TWD200,000 TWD219,999 TWD20,000
TWD220,000 TWD279,999 TWD30,000
TWD280,000 TWD319,999 TWD20,000
TWD320,000 TWD379,999 TWD30,000
TWD380,000 TWD419,999 TWD20,000
TWD420,000 TWD479,999 TWD30,000
TWD480,000 TWD519,999 TWD20,000
TWD520,000 TWD579,999 TWD30,000
TWD580,000 TWD619,999 TWD20,000
TWD620,000 TWD679,999 TWD30,000
TWD680,000 TWD719,999 TWD20,000
TWD720,000 TWD779,999 TWD30,000
TWD780,000 TWD819,999 TWD20,000
TWD820,000 TWD879,999 TWD30,000
TWD880,000 TWD919,999 TWD20,000
TWD920,000 TWD979,999 TWD30,000
TWD980,000 TWD999,999 TWD20,000
TWD1,000,000 TWD1,999,999 TWD100,000
TWD2,000,000 TWD3,199,999 TWD200,000
TWD3,200,000 TWD3,799,999 TWD200,000
TWD3,800,000 TWD4,199,999 TWD200,000
TWD4,200,000 TWD4,799,999 TWD200,000
TWD4,800,000 TWD5,199,999 TWD200,000
TWD5,200,000 TWD5,799,999 TWD300,000
TWD5,800,000 TWD6,199,999 TWD200,000
TWD6,200,000 TWD6,799,999 TWD300,000
TWD6,800,000 TWD7,199,999 TWD200,000
TWD7,200,000 TWD7,799,999 TWD300,000
TWD7,800,000 TWD8,199,999 TWD200,000
TWD8,200,000 TWD8,799,999 TWD300,000
TWD8,800,000 TWD9,199,999 TWD200,000
TWD9,200,000 TWD9,799,999 TWD300,000
TWD9,800,000 TWD9,999,999 TWD200,000
TWD10,000,000 TWD19,999,999 TWD1,000,000
TWD20,000,000 TWD39,999,999 TWD1,000,000
TWD40,000,000+ TWD2,000,000

Extended Bidding

5 minutes/bid

Conditions of Business

ARTICLE 1 As the agent of the Buyer and the Seller, Yu Jen International Art & Antique Co., LTD. (herein after refer as "Our Company") will provide services for both parties, and shall not be responsible for any default caused by either the Buyer or the Seller.
ARTICLE 2 The conditions set herein shall apply to both the Buyer and the Seller. Buyer and Seller must read carefully the following detailed conditions and be responsible for their actions while carrying out these conditions.
ARTICLE 3 Any objection to the articles' ownership or authenticity must be raised at least 48 hours before the auction starts accompanied by relevant legal documents. No late objection will be accepted.
ARTICLE 4 All disputes arising from or in connection with these Conditions shall be settled according to the relevant laws of the Republic of China.

The Main Stipulations for the Buyer
BUYER
ARTICLE 5 All bidders should register at the auction venue in person and obtain the paddle for entry. Bidders must provide true and accurate personal information and agree that Our Company may perform necessary credit checks with the bank.
ARTICLE 6 Bidders who wish to entrust our company to bid on their behalf must sign the entrust form 24 hours before the auction starts, and pay the deposit in full. Once the article is successfully bid, Bidders shall complete the full payment within ten (10) days after the auction.
ARTICLE 7 During the auction the bidder may not withdraw any bids he/she made. The highest bidder as determined by the auctioneer is the buyer.
ARTICLE 8 Our Company reserves the right to refuse any person entering or participating in the auction without giving any reason.

ILLUSTRATION ON CATALOGUE AND AUCTION ARTICLE
ARTICLE 9 The Buyer should examine carefully the auction article they intend to buy, prior to the date of the auction, and should be solely legally responsible for their bid made to buy certain piece of article.
ARTICLE 10 Our Company has the right to hold exhibitions, auctions and make announcements, catalogues and other forms of publications to introduce the auctions articles.
ARTICLE 11 Any representation or statement given by Our Company in the catalogue or in other forms as to the authorship, origin, age, size, medium, mount, attribution, authenticity, provenance, condition and estimated price is just for the information and reference of the buyer only. Our Company shall not be held responsible for errors.

Deposits
ARTICLE 12 All buyers must complete the registration form at least one day before the auction date and put down a deposit of TWD 200,000 (USD 6,500, HKD 50,000 or RMB 45,000) If paying by check please allow at least three days for check to clear.
ARTICLE 13 Yu Jen Imperial Seal Card holders do not need to pay the deposit.
ARTICLE 14 The deposit will be used towards the payment of lots purchased, or refunded in full within 7 working days if no lots are purchased. The deposit will be forfeited if the buyer refuses to pay for the lots purchased within payment period.

COMMISSION
ARTICLE 15 Once the Buyer successfully bid the auction article, the final Purchase Price that the Buyer shall pay in full are the sum of hammer price and commission to Our Company.Commission is charged as follows: For the portion of hammer price under TWD 10 million, commission will be 23%; for the portion over (and including) TWD 10 million, commission will be 20%; for the portion over (and including) TWD 20 million, commission will be 17%.

PAYMENT AND COLLECTION OF LOTS
ARTICLE 16 Once the Buyer has successfully bid the auction article, the Buyer may collect the article once the aforementioned Purchase Price (include hammer price and commission) is paid in full. If the Buyer is unable to pay the full amount, the Buyer shall be required to sign a Confirmation and must pay at least thirty percent (30%) of the hammer price immediately as deposit. The Buyer shall settle the balance in one lump sum within ten (10) days and take away the article.
ARTICLE 17 The full amount of the Purchase Price that Buyer shall pay Our Company, does not include any commodity tax or services tax or other value added tax (either by government of R.O.C. or any other government). If such tax(es) do occur in the transaction set herein, the Buyer shall settle the tax payment in accordance with relevant law and schedule.
ARTICLE 18 For Buyer who is willing to pay the Purchase Price in the currency other than New Taiwanese Dollar (TWD, NT$), Our Company shall charge the Buyer any fees resulted from it. The fees include the service fee charge by the bank and the currency difference. The currency shall be determined by the currency posted on the day of auction (presented by the Bank of Taiwan) and certified by Our Company.
ARTICLE 19 The final Purchase Price does not include the service of packaging. The packaging is a free service provided by Our Company to the Buyer. Our Company is not liable for the loss or damage to the article during or as the result of packaging.
ARTICLE 20 The Buyer shall collect the article personally once the Purchase Price is paid in full. If the Buyer wishes to assign another person to collect the article, a Letter of Authorization must be presented. If delivery service or insurance are required, Our Company will not be liable or responsible for any loss or damage to the article during transit.

THE LIABILITIES TO AN AUCTION AFTER SALE
ARTICLE 21 After the Buyer has paid the full amount of the Purchase Price to Our Company, the Buyer shall be responsible for the article purchased. Even if the article is still in the keeping of Our Company the Buyer shall be liable for any loss or damage.

THE MANAGEMENT OF ARREARS AND AUCTION ARTICLES LEFT BEHIND BY THE BUYER
ARTICLE 22 Unless otherwise agreed with Our Company, if the full payment is not received within required date it is seen as a default, the deposit will not be refunded and the Buyer shall be responsible for any subsequent costs.
ARTICLE 23 Any outstanding balance after ten days of the auction date will incur an interest at 5% AER of the full amount, until the balance is paid in full.
ARTICLE 24 With discretion of the Seller, Our Company reserves the right to resell the unpaid item through auction or other means. If the final price is lower than the original full amount, the Buyer agrees to pay the difference in full.
ARTICLE 25 Our Company may refuse the bid made by the default Buyer or its representative in the future. In such circumstance a higher deposit may be requested before any further bid is accepted.
ARTICLE 26 Storage fees will be incurred if the item, even if paid in full, is not collected within one month after the auction date. Our Company is not responsible for any loss or damage during the storage.

THE MAIN STIPULATIONS FOR THE SELLER
ARTICLE 27 During the function of auction, the Company shall act as Seller designated representative. The detailed rule of the selling party is already set and regulated in the selling party contract.

OTHER RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF YU JEN
ARTICLE 28 Our Company shall have absolute discretion to settle any dispute during or after the auction.
ARTICLE 29 Our Company shall be obliged to keep confidential for both the Buyer and the Seller and to protect the rights and interest of the Buyer and the Seller.
ARTICLE 30 In order to maintain order in the auction, smoking is not permitted; children under ten years of age may not enter the auction.
The document is printed in both Chinese and English. If there is any omission or error the Chinese version will take precedence
The auction event held by Our Company has been approved by the Executive Yaun's Council for Culture Affairs, Taiwan, and is qualified under the regulations for tax relief on business tax. Every sales revenue and commission resulted from the auction shall be relieved of the 5 % business tax.

Important Notice to Buyers

To ensure a smooth auction and protect the interest of buyers, all buyers must complete the registration form at least one day before the auction date and put down a deposit of TWD 200,000 (USD 6,500?HKD 50,000?RMB 45,000, if paying by check please allow at least three days for check to clear.) Yu Jen Imperial Seal Cardholders are not required to pay the deposit. Should the bids be unsuccessful, deposit will be returned within 7 working days after the date of the auction. Credit card deposits will be refunded in full to the original card.

Shipping Terms

Buyer pays shipping