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Lot 809: 明 銅鎏金彌勒菩薩坐像 A MAGNIFICENT AND RARE LARGE GILT-BRONZE FIGURE OF MAITREYA BUDDHA, MING DYNASTY

Yu Jen Taipei

December 18, 2022
Taipei City, Taiwan

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809 明 銅鎏金彌勒菩薩坐像
藏語「彌勒佛讚偈」銘文 | 中文贊偈意為:「嗡悉地,敬禮彌勒菩薩之聖像,為使佛陀之教久住世,佛教久住世間,願吉 祥,南無諸佛勝意,勝廣心。」
H80.5cm
木簽題:明代鍍金觀音|元高尾山藥王院所在
鈐印:永藏
來源:東京高尾山藥王院收藏
日本永藏商事株式會社收藏
久手堅憲二收藏
彌勒銅鑄鎏金,金光熠熠,富麗耀眼。尊佛髮髻高聳,頭戴五葉寶冠,耳際寶繒呈 U字形向外翻卷,大耳秀眉,耳飾 U 形花璫,束髮垂肩。面容豐潤,雙目俯視,眉間凸起銀白毫,挺鼻小嘴,表情沉靜內省,妙相莊嚴。袒露上身,頸飾華麗瓔珞,肩披袈裟,斜披一條素寬無紋聖帶;腰繫連珠,腰帶褶疊形成規則扇面,下束貼體褲裙,肌肉起伏隱現,下擺鏨刻花卉,輕柔美逸,雙腿裙褶為連珠紋式條棱,絲織物質感強烈,更顯雍容華貴。雙手當胸結說法印並各牽一枝蓮花,左肩花上托寶瓶,右肩花上置法輪,坐於覆蓮蒲團,下承長方須彌寶座,垂足踩覆蓮台。須彌寶座上承華麗背光,束腰雙層仰覆蓮座,蓮瓣飽滿修長,瓣端尖角,微微上翹,上下沿飾菱形圖案,其間左右各浮雕瑞獅,兩側面各有瑞象環侍護衛,背面陰刻藏文發願銘文,中文贊偈意為:「嗡悉地,敬禮彌勒菩薩之聖像,為使佛陀之教久住世,佛教久住世間,願吉祥,南無諸佛勝意,勝廣心。」
 
細觀尊佛所戴寶冠、釧環、瓔珞、背光及臺座之菱形花紋,皆鑲嵌以綠松石、青金石、珊瑚等寶石,增加裝飾美感,更襯托出尊像的精美非凡。另背光裝飾華麗,頂飾華蓋,其下大鵬金翅鳥,左右兩邊鏤雕對稱鳳鳥,翅羽攏於體側,鳳尾華美上仰,神韻內斂,儀態靈秀俊雅。整體造形華麗莊嚴,富麗堂皇,體現宮廷藏傳佛教造像風格,盡顯皇家氣派。
 
列舉與本品相似之博物館藏品,如北京首都博物館庋藏明〈彌勒菩薩像〉、,彌勒佛造像與本尊像形制極為近似。另北京故宮博物院庋藏明洪武〈無量壽佛坐像〉鏤雕寶座式背光,乃承襲東北印度帕拉造像風格;清宮舊藏,北京故宮博物院庋藏十三至十四世紀〈釋迦牟尼佛坐像〉,承襲桑唐琍瑪造像風格,保留印度帕拉王朝及尼泊爾造像風格,工藝特點鮮明,造形優美,華美背光與本品甚為相似。上述四件佛造像皆可作本件同時期相似作品之參考,唯本尊像尺寸巨大,通體鎏金厚重而均勻,背光塑造精緻完整,更勝一籌。
 
帕拉王朝是在古笈多王朝國土所建立,為公元八至十二世紀的印度東北部重要政權,更是高度佛教化的國家。其造像藝術主流為笈多風格;再因盛行於東印度的印度教和密教對造像形貌影響,使造像之密教色彩和地域文化色彩尤為濃厚。十一世紀的西藏佛教則開始逐步復興,僧人參考域外藝術作品,融入西藏傳統審美和工藝,從而形成新型造像藝術風格。如清宮舊藏,北京故宮博物院庋藏十一世紀東北印度〈同侍從四臂觀音菩薩坐像〉,其背光有華蓋,台座有帕拉造像常見之方形疊澀式裝飾,乃吸取帕拉王朝笈多風格,所形成歷史和佛教交流之「帕藏風格」造像(註)。爾後,隨伊斯蘭東侵,大批高僧及匠人為避難紛紛逃往西藏,使西藏佛教造像工藝更加受到影響,形成獨特造像藝術風格。如北京故宮博物院庋藏十三至十四世紀〈釋迦牟尼佛坐像〉及北京故宮博物院庋藏十五世紀〈坐像彌勒菩薩〉,配有背光,造像兼有元明特徵,裝飾華美,嵌有各色寶石,工藝細緻,兩者皆體現出西藏地區帕藏風格造像之鮮明特點。
 
彌勒為佛教八大菩薩之一,是大乘佛教瑜伽學派鼻祖,其生於南天竺婆羅門家,是釋迦牟尼佛的繼任者,常被尊稱為彌勒佛,具慈悲、忍辱寬容、樂觀、光明與未來等象徵意義。其創立五部重要論著,即《現觀莊嚴論》、《大乘莊嚴經論》、《寶性論》、《辨法法性論》、《辨中邊論》,不僅是藏傳佛教瑜伽學派尊奉的主要經典,也為其它學派尊崇和研習,深受中國及西域佛教高僧如東晉「道安大師」、唐代「玄奘大師」及後秦龜茲國「三藏鳩摩羅什」的推崇。彌勒佛造像最早出現於西秦甘肅大寺溝石窟,其中北魏〈171 窟龕彌勒佛〉是炳靈寺石窟最大佛像,屬世界第九大佛,中國第五大佛。
 
藏傳佛教分別起源於中亞、印度和中原漢地,在西藏文化中最具代表性,以鮮明民族風格及獨特藝術風貌成為中國藝術史上不可忽視的重要部分。藏傳佛教大規模影響漢地始於元而盛於清,元代以降,歷代宮廷均設專事造像之機構,如元代的梵像提舉司、明代御用監的佛作、清代造辦處等,呈現宮廷藏傳佛造像源流與豐富多彩的藝術風貌。細觀本品,為罕見大尺寸之彌勒菩薩經典造像,不僅具明代宮廷造像的共同特點,還有幾處獨特之處:一是其眉眼向兩側上挑、耳飾 U 形花璫、肩披袈裟、斜披素寬無紋聖帶,與常見平直眉眼、耳飾圓形花璫、帔帛繞過雙臂之造形明顯不同;二是背光有華蓋及長方束腰須彌寶座,乃吸取帕拉王朝笈多風格,與常見中原仰覆蓮瓣臺座有明顯差異。上述特點或帶有西藏地區帕藏風格,或帶有中原地區寫實傾向,皆顯示明代宮廷造像風格趨於定型和成熟的過渡性藝術特點,亦顯露彌勒菩薩在藏傳佛教中的重要地位和影響,同時也體現明代皇帝對藏族人民和藏傳佛教固有信仰的尊重。在明代宮廷造像中,借鑑如北京故宮博物院庋藏十三至十四世紀〈釋迦牟尼佛坐像〉、十五世紀〈坐像彌勒菩薩〉,二者之精華再進一步融匯之彌勒造像極為少見,西藏地區目前發現布達拉宮七世達賴靈塔殿內供奉一尊十八世紀〈銅鎏金彌勒坐像〉雖因時代轉變有些許不同之處,如背光上部中心金翅鳥已轉變成瑞獸,造像仍然保留藏帕風格,或為承襲本件明〈銅鎏金彌勒菩薩坐像〉之造像列證,可見本尊像之稀有程度。
 
明代宮廷造像為宮廷御用監「佛作」所製作之漢藏風格造像,主要賞賜予西藏上層僧侶,為朝廷推行的宗教籠絡政策服務,具重要歷史、藝術、工藝和宗教價值,不僅見證明代漢藏民族之間的友好關係和深度文化藝術交流,更展現冶煉和鑄造技術之高度發展水準、反映明代藏傳佛教思想發展、教派發展和神像崇拜之基本面貌,是當今藝術品市場極受青睞和追捧之佛像品類。拍場相似之例可參見拍賣於北京東正 2016 年 11 月 11 日,編號 130,十三至十四世紀 西藏中部風格〈銅鎏金彌勒菩薩像〉,以人民幣 598 萬元成交,然其尊像僅 22 公分高,而本尊彌勒菩薩高達 80.5 公分,體量碩大更顯珍稀。
 
註:帕藏風格的形成是公元十至十二世紀期間,西藏與東印度帕拉王朝密切交流的結果。其間歷經兩次重大歷史事件,公元十一世紀前半葉,古格王朝請印度高僧阿底峽入藏弘法,1042 年抵達古格王朝,弘法三年後又於 1045 年由弟子仲敦巴請至衛藏弘法,直至 1054 年圓寂於衛藏聶塘;另為伊斯蘭族入侵,東印度王朝覆滅,不少佛教徒被迫出逃,轉道至西藏,漸而促進西藏後弘期佛教的復興。
 
預估價:
TWD 1,800,000-2,200,000
RMB 409,100-500,000

A MAGNIFICENT AND RARE LARGE GILT-BRONZE FIGURE OF MAITREYA BUDDHA
MING DYNASTY
H80.5cm

PROVENANCE:
Takaosan Yakuoin Collection, Tokyo
Nagakura Shoji Co., Ltd.
Kudeken Kenji Collection

彌勒銅鑄鎏金,金光熠熠,富麗耀眼。尊佛髮髻高聳,頭戴五葉寶冠,耳際寶繒呈 U字形向外翻卷,大耳秀眉,耳飾 U 形花璫,束髮垂肩。面容豐潤,雙目俯視,眉間凸起銀白毫,挺鼻小嘴,表情沉靜內省,妙相莊嚴。袒露上身,頸飾華麗瓔珞,肩披袈裟,斜披一條素寬無紋聖帶;腰繫連珠,腰帶褶疊形成規則扇面,下束貼體褲裙,肌肉起伏隱現,下擺鏨刻花卉,輕柔美逸,雙腿裙褶為連珠紋式條棱,絲織物質感強烈,更顯雍容華貴。雙手當胸結說法印並各牽一枝蓮花,左肩花上托寶瓶,右肩花上置法輪,坐於覆蓮蒲團,下承長方須彌寶座,垂足踩覆蓮台。須彌寶座上承華麗背光,束腰雙層仰覆蓮座,蓮瓣飽滿修長,瓣端尖角,微微上翹,上下沿飾菱形圖案,其間左右各浮雕瑞獅,兩側面各有瑞象環侍護衛,背面陰刻藏文發願銘文,中文贊偈意為:「嗡悉地,敬禮彌勒菩薩之聖像,為使佛陀之教久住世,佛教久住世間,願吉祥,南無諸佛勝意,勝廣心。」
 
細觀尊佛所戴寶冠、釧環、瓔珞、背光及臺座之菱形花紋,皆鑲嵌以綠松石、青金石、珊瑚等寶石,增加裝飾美感,更襯托出尊像的精美非凡。另背光裝飾華麗,頂飾華蓋,其下大鵬金翅鳥,左右兩邊鏤雕對稱鳳鳥,翅羽攏於體側,鳳尾華美上仰,神韻內斂,儀態靈秀俊雅。整體造形華麗莊嚴,富麗堂皇,體現宮廷藏傳佛教造像風格,盡顯皇家氣派。
 
列舉與本品相似之博物館藏品,如北京首都博物館庋藏明〈彌勒菩薩像〉、,彌勒佛造像與本尊像形制極為近似。另北京故宮博物院庋藏明洪武〈無量壽佛坐像〉鏤雕寶座式背光,乃承襲東北印度帕拉造像風格;清宮舊藏,北京故宮博物院庋藏十三至十四世紀〈釋迦牟尼佛坐像〉,承襲桑唐琍瑪造像風格,保留印度帕拉王朝及尼泊爾造像風格,工藝特點鮮明,造形優美,華美背光與本品甚為相似。上述四件佛造像皆可作本件同時期相似作品之參考,唯本尊像尺寸巨大,通體鎏金厚重而均勻,背光塑造精緻完整,更勝一籌。
 
帕拉王朝是在古笈多王朝國土所建立,為公元八至十二世紀的印度東北部重要政權,更是高度佛教化的國家。其造像藝術主流為笈多風格;再因盛行於東印度的印度教和密教對造像形貌影響,使造像之密教色彩和地域文化色彩尤為濃厚。十一世紀的西藏佛教則開始逐步復興,僧人參考域外藝術作品,融入西藏傳統審美和工藝,從而形成新型造像藝術風格。如清宮舊藏,北京故宮博物院庋藏十一世紀東北印度〈同侍從四臂觀音菩薩坐像〉,其背光有華蓋,台座有帕拉造像常見之方形疊澀式裝飾,乃吸取帕拉王朝笈多風格,所形成歷史和佛教交流之「帕藏風格」造像(註)。爾後,隨伊斯蘭東侵,大批高僧及匠人為避難紛紛逃往西藏,使西藏佛教造像工藝更加受到影響,形成獨特造像藝術風格。如北京故宮博物院庋藏十三至十四世紀〈釋迦牟尼佛坐像〉及北京故宮博物院庋藏十五世紀〈坐像彌勒菩薩〉,配有背光,造像兼有元明特徵,裝飾華美,嵌有各色寶石,工藝細緻,兩者皆體現出西藏地區帕藏風格造像之鮮明特點。
 
彌勒為佛教八大菩薩之一,是大乘佛教瑜伽學派鼻祖,其生於南天竺婆羅門家,是釋迦牟尼佛的繼任者,常被尊稱為彌勒佛,具慈悲、忍辱寬容、樂觀、光明與未來等象徵意義。其創立五部重要論著,即《現觀莊嚴論》、《大乘莊嚴經論》、《寶性論》、《辨法法性論》、《辨中邊論》,不僅是藏傳佛教瑜伽學派尊奉的主要經典,也為其它學派尊崇和研習,深受中國及西域佛教高僧如東晉「道安大師」、唐代「玄奘大師」及後秦龜茲國「三藏鳩摩羅什」的推崇。彌勒佛造像最早出現於西秦甘肅大寺溝石窟,其中北魏〈171 窟龕彌勒佛〉是炳靈寺石窟最大佛像,屬世界第九大佛,中國第五大佛。
 
藏傳佛教分別起源於中亞、印度和中原漢地,在西藏文化中最具代表性,以鮮明民族風格及獨特藝術風貌成為中國藝術史上不可忽視的重要部分。藏傳佛教大規模影響漢地始於元而盛於清,元代以降,歷代宮廷均設專事造像之機構,如元代的梵像提舉司、明代御用監的佛作、清代造辦處等,呈現宮廷藏傳佛造像源流與豐富多彩的藝術風貌。細觀本品,為罕見大尺寸之彌勒菩薩經典造像,不僅具明代宮廷造像的共同特點,還有幾處獨特之處:一是其眉眼向兩側上挑、耳飾 U 形花璫、肩披袈裟、斜披素寬無紋聖帶,與常見平直眉眼、耳飾圓形花璫、帔帛繞過雙臂之造形明顯不同;二是背光有華蓋及長方束腰須彌寶座,乃吸取帕拉王朝笈多風格,與常見中原仰覆蓮瓣臺座有明顯差異。上述特點或帶有西藏地區帕藏風格,或帶有中原地區寫實傾向,皆顯示明代宮廷造像風格趨於定型和成熟的過渡性藝術特點,亦顯露彌勒菩薩在藏傳佛教中的重要地位和影響,同時也體現明代皇帝對藏族人民和藏傳佛教固有信仰的尊重。在明代宮廷造像中,借鑑如北京故宮博物院庋藏十三至十四世紀〈釋迦牟尼佛坐像〉、十五世紀〈坐像彌勒菩薩〉,二者之精華再進一步融匯之彌勒造像極為少見,西藏地區目前發現布達拉宮七世達賴靈塔殿內供奉一尊十八世紀〈銅鎏金彌勒坐像〉雖因時代轉變有些許不同之處,如背光上部中心金翅鳥已轉變成瑞獸,造像仍然保留藏帕風格,或為承襲本件明〈銅鎏金彌勒菩薩坐像〉之造像列證,可見本尊像之稀有程度。
 
明代宮廷造像為宮廷御用監「佛作」所製作之漢藏風格造像,主要賞賜予西藏上層僧侶,為朝廷推行的宗教籠絡政策服務,具重要歷史、藝術、工藝和宗教價值,不僅見證明代漢藏民族之間的友好關係和深度文化藝術交流,更展現冶煉和鑄造技術之高度發展水準、反映明代藏傳佛教思想發展、教派發展和神像崇拜之基本面貌,是當今藝術品市場極受青睞和追捧之佛像品類。拍場相似之例可參見拍賣於北京東正 2016 年 11 月 11 日,編號 130,十三至十四世紀 西藏中部風格〈銅鎏金彌勒菩薩像〉,以人民幣 598 萬元成交,然其尊像僅 22 公分高,而本尊彌勒菩薩高達 80.5 公分,體量碩大更顯珍稀。
 
註:帕藏風格的形成是公元十至十二世紀期間,西藏與東印度帕拉王朝密切交流的結果。其間歷經兩次重大歷史事件,公元十一世紀前半葉,古格王朝請印度高僧阿底峽入藏弘法,1042 年抵達古格王朝,弘法三年後又於 1045 年由弟子仲敦巴請至衛藏弘法,直至 1054 年圓寂於衛藏聶塘;另為伊斯蘭族入侵,東印度王朝覆滅,不少佛教徒被迫出逃,轉道至西藏,漸而促進西藏後弘期佛教的復興。

台北宇珍2022秋季拍賣
Yu Jen Taipei 2022 Autumn Auction

Dimensions

H80.5cm

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Payment

Accepted forms of payment: MasterCard, Visa, Wire Transfer

Shipping

Buyer pays shipping

Buyer's Premium

TWD0 - 9,999,999: 20.0%
TWD10,000,000 - 29,999,999: 15.0%
TWD30,000,000+: 12.0%

From: To: Increment:
TWD0 TWD99,999 TWD5,000
TWD100,000 TWD199,999 TWD10,000
TWD200,000 TWD219,999 TWD20,000
TWD220,000 TWD279,999 TWD30,000
TWD280,000 TWD319,999 TWD20,000
TWD320,000 TWD379,999 TWD30,000
TWD380,000 TWD419,999 TWD20,000
TWD420,000 TWD479,999 TWD30,000
TWD480,000 TWD519,999 TWD20,000
TWD520,000 TWD579,999 TWD30,000
TWD580,000 TWD619,999 TWD20,000
TWD620,000 TWD679,999 TWD30,000
TWD680,000 TWD719,999 TWD20,000
TWD720,000 TWD779,999 TWD30,000
TWD780,000 TWD819,999 TWD20,000
TWD820,000 TWD879,999 TWD30,000
TWD880,000 TWD919,999 TWD20,000
TWD920,000 TWD979,999 TWD30,000
TWD980,000 TWD999,999 TWD20,000
TWD1,000,000 TWD1,999,999 TWD100,000
TWD2,000,000 TWD3,199,999 TWD200,000
TWD3,200,000 TWD3,799,999 TWD200,000
TWD3,800,000 TWD4,199,999 TWD200,000
TWD4,200,000 TWD4,799,999 TWD200,000
TWD4,800,000 TWD5,199,999 TWD200,000
TWD5,200,000 TWD5,799,999 TWD300,000
TWD5,800,000 TWD6,199,999 TWD200,000
TWD6,200,000 TWD6,799,999 TWD300,000
TWD6,800,000 TWD7,199,999 TWD200,000
TWD7,200,000 TWD7,799,999 TWD300,000
TWD7,800,000 TWD8,199,999 TWD200,000
TWD8,200,000 TWD8,799,999 TWD300,000
TWD8,800,000 TWD9,199,999 TWD200,000
TWD9,200,000 TWD9,799,999 TWD300,000
TWD9,800,000 TWD9,999,999 TWD200,000
TWD10,000,000 TWD19,999,999 TWD1,000,000
TWD20,000,000 TWD39,999,999 TWD1,000,000
TWD40,000,000+ TWD2,000,000

Extended Bidding

5 minutes/bid

Conditions of Business

ARTICLE 1 As the agent of the Buyer and the Seller, Yu Jen International Art & Antique Co., LTD. (herein after refer as "Our Company") will provide services for both parties, and shall not be responsible for any default caused by either the Buyer or the Seller.
ARTICLE 2 The conditions set herein shall apply to both the Buyer and the Seller. Buyer and Seller must read carefully the following detailed conditions and be responsible for their actions while carrying out these conditions.
ARTICLE 3 Any objection to the articles' ownership or authenticity must be raised at least 48 hours before the auction starts accompanied by relevant legal documents. No late objection will be accepted.
ARTICLE 4 All disputes arising from or in connection with these Conditions shall be settled according to the relevant laws of the Republic of China.

The Main Stipulations for the Buyer
BUYER
ARTICLE 5 All bidders should register at the auction venue in person and obtain the paddle for entry. Bidders must provide true and accurate personal information and agree that Our Company may perform necessary credit checks with the bank.
ARTICLE 6 Bidders who wish to entrust our company to bid on their behalf must sign the entrust form 24 hours before the auction starts, and pay the deposit in full. Once the article is successfully bid, Bidders shall complete the full payment within ten (10) days after the auction.
ARTICLE 7 During the auction the bidder may not withdraw any bids he/she made. The highest bidder as determined by the auctioneer is the buyer.
ARTICLE 8 Our Company reserves the right to refuse any person entering or participating in the auction without giving any reason.

ILLUSTRATION ON CATALOGUE AND AUCTION ARTICLE
ARTICLE 9 The Buyer should examine carefully the auction article they intend to buy, prior to the date of the auction, and should be solely legally responsible for their bid made to buy certain piece of article.
ARTICLE 10 Our Company has the right to hold exhibitions, auctions and make announcements, catalogues and other forms of publications to introduce the auctions articles.
ARTICLE 11 Any representation or statement given by Our Company in the catalogue or in other forms as to the authorship, origin, age, size, medium, mount, attribution, authenticity, provenance, condition and estimated price is just for the information and reference of the buyer only. Our Company shall not be held responsible for errors.

Deposits
ARTICLE 12 All buyers must complete the registration form at least one day before the auction date and put down a deposit of TWD 200,000 (USD 6,500, HKD 50,000 or RMB 45,000) If paying by check please allow at least three days for check to clear.
ARTICLE 13 Yu Jen Imperial Seal Card holders do not need to pay the deposit.
ARTICLE 14 The deposit will be used towards the payment of lots purchased, or refunded in full within 7 working days if no lots are purchased. The deposit will be forfeited if the buyer refuses to pay for the lots purchased within payment period.

COMMISSION
ARTICLE 15 Once the Buyer successfully bid the auction article, the final Purchase Price that the Buyer shall pay in full are the sum of hammer price and commission to Our Company.Commission is charged as follows: For the portion of hammer price under TWD 10 million, commission will be 23%; for the portion over (and including) TWD 10 million, commission will be 20%; for the portion over (and including) TWD 20 million, commission will be 17%.

PAYMENT AND COLLECTION OF LOTS
ARTICLE 16 Once the Buyer has successfully bid the auction article, the Buyer may collect the article once the aforementioned Purchase Price (include hammer price and commission) is paid in full. If the Buyer is unable to pay the full amount, the Buyer shall be required to sign a Confirmation and must pay at least thirty percent (30%) of the hammer price immediately as deposit. The Buyer shall settle the balance in one lump sum within ten (10) days and take away the article.
ARTICLE 17 The full amount of the Purchase Price that Buyer shall pay Our Company, does not include any commodity tax or services tax or other value added tax (either by government of R.O.C. or any other government). If such tax(es) do occur in the transaction set herein, the Buyer shall settle the tax payment in accordance with relevant law and schedule.
ARTICLE 18 For Buyer who is willing to pay the Purchase Price in the currency other than New Taiwanese Dollar (TWD, NT$), Our Company shall charge the Buyer any fees resulted from it. The fees include the service fee charge by the bank and the currency difference. The currency shall be determined by the currency posted on the day of auction (presented by the Bank of Taiwan) and certified by Our Company.
ARTICLE 19 The final Purchase Price does not include the service of packaging. The packaging is a free service provided by Our Company to the Buyer. Our Company is not liable for the loss or damage to the article during or as the result of packaging.
ARTICLE 20 The Buyer shall collect the article personally once the Purchase Price is paid in full. If the Buyer wishes to assign another person to collect the article, a Letter of Authorization must be presented. If delivery service or insurance are required, Our Company will not be liable or responsible for any loss or damage to the article during transit.

THE LIABILITIES TO AN AUCTION AFTER SALE
ARTICLE 21 After the Buyer has paid the full amount of the Purchase Price to Our Company, the Buyer shall be responsible for the article purchased. Even if the article is still in the keeping of Our Company the Buyer shall be liable for any loss or damage.

THE MANAGEMENT OF ARREARS AND AUCTION ARTICLES LEFT BEHIND BY THE BUYER
ARTICLE 22 Unless otherwise agreed with Our Company, if the full payment is not received within required date it is seen as a default, the deposit will not be refunded and the Buyer shall be responsible for any subsequent costs.
ARTICLE 23 Any outstanding balance after ten days of the auction date will incur an interest at 5% AER of the full amount, until the balance is paid in full.
ARTICLE 24 With discretion of the Seller, Our Company reserves the right to resell the unpaid item through auction or other means. If the final price is lower than the original full amount, the Buyer agrees to pay the difference in full.
ARTICLE 25 Our Company may refuse the bid made by the default Buyer or its representative in the future. In such circumstance a higher deposit may be requested before any further bid is accepted.
ARTICLE 26 Storage fees will be incurred if the item, even if paid in full, is not collected within one month after the auction date. Our Company is not responsible for any loss or damage during the storage.

THE MAIN STIPULATIONS FOR THE SELLER
ARTICLE 27 During the function of auction, the Company shall act as Seller designated representative. The detailed rule of the selling party is already set and regulated in the selling party contract.

OTHER RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF YU JEN
ARTICLE 28 Our Company shall have absolute discretion to settle any dispute during or after the auction.
ARTICLE 29 Our Company shall be obliged to keep confidential for both the Buyer and the Seller and to protect the rights and interest of the Buyer and the Seller.
ARTICLE 30 In order to maintain order in the auction, smoking is not permitted; children under ten years of age may not enter the auction.
The document is printed in both Chinese and English. If there is any omission or error the Chinese version will take precedence
The auction event held by Our Company has been approved by the Executive Yaun's Council for Culture Affairs, Taiwan, and is qualified under the regulations for tax relief on business tax. Every sales revenue and commission resulted from the auction shall be relieved of the 5 % business tax.

Important Notice to Buyers

To ensure a smooth auction and protect the interest of buyers, all buyers must complete the registration form at least one day before the auction date and put down a deposit of TWD 200,000 (USD 6,500?HKD 50,000?RMB 45,000, if paying by check please allow at least three days for check to clear.) Yu Jen Imperial Seal Cardholders are not required to pay the deposit. Should the bids be unsuccessful, deposit will be returned within 7 working days after the date of the auction. Credit card deposits will be refunded in full to the original card.

Shipping Terms

Buyer pays shipping