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Lot 228: AL-FIRUZABADI, AL-QAMUS AL-MUHIT WA'L QABUS AL-WASIT (THE GREAT DICTIONARY), MAMLUK THE HEJAZ, MECCA CIRCA 1400

Est: €12,000 EUR - €15,000 EURSold:
Oriental Art AuctionsMay 16, 2024Hattemerbroek, Netherlands

Item Overview

Description

Arabic manuscript on paper, 41 lines to the page, written in small Naskh script, key words and letters picked out in red or in larger black ink, f.1a with an illuminated headpiece with heading in large thuluth script and gold ink on a blue decorated ground, under a a roundel enclosing the name of the author on a gold and blue decorated ground. In contemporary brown leather binding with gilt-stamped central medallion, with flap. 18 by 26 cm. According to Mingana, “the author states that he completed his dictionary in his own house on as-Safa at Makkah" (where he lived almost continuously for twenty five years after 1368 AD).The author named his work al-Qamus al-muhit because it is a 'great ocean'. There are three copies of the work in the John Rylands Library, Manchester (see A. Mingana, Catalogue of the Arabic Manuscripts, Manchester, 1934, pp.1005-1008, nos.757-759). The full name of the author is Yaqub bin Muhammad bin Ibrahim Majd-al-Din al-Firuzabadi (d. 1414). Firuzabadi, was of Persian origin, was born in Kazerun and educated in Shiraz, Wasit, Baghdad and Damascus. He spent ten years in Jerusalem, before travelling in Western Asia and Egypt, and settling in 1368, in Mecca for almost three decades. From Mecca he visited Delhi in the 1380s. He left Mecca in the mid-1390s and returned to Baghdad, then Shiraz and finally travelled on to Ta'izz in Yemen. In 1395, he was appointed chief qadi (judge) of Yemen by Al-Ashraf Umar II, who had summoned him from India a few years before to teach in his capital. He wrote widely, particularly in the field of lexicography, and the present work, his al-Qamus al-Muhit (literally 'The Expansive Ocean'), was so popular that the word qamus came to be adopted as the standard Arabic term for 'encyclopaedia' or 'dictionary'.

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Auction Details

CHINESE, JAPANESE AND ISLAMIC ART, JEWELRY AND GLASS WEIGHTS

by
Oriental Art Auctions
May 16, 2024, 10:00 AM CET

Warmtekrachtstraat 2, Hattemerbroek, Gelderland, 8094 SE, NL

Terms

Buyer's Premium

35.0%

Bidding Increments

From:To:Increment:
€0€199€10
€200€499€20
€500€999€50
€1,000€1,999€100
€2,000€4,999€200
€5,000€9,999€500
€10,000€19,999€1,000
€20,000€49,999€2,000
€50,000€99,999€5,000
€100,000€199,999€10,000
€200,000€499,999€20,000
€500,000€999,999€50,000
€1,000,000+€100,000

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COLLECTION AND SHIPPING

If you attend an auction in person and are successful in your bid, you are free to collect and remove your item there and then once payment has been cleared.

If you are not able to collect in person, Oriental Art Auctions provide very affordable and professional in-house packing and shipping possibilities.



EXPORT OF GOODS

As you may be aware several countries prohibit the importation of property containing materials from endangered species, such as rhino horn, ivory, coral and tortoiseshell. If you are interested in bidding on a lot containing these materials and you wish to export please make sure you are familiar with all relevant customs regulations prior to bidding.

It is the buyer's sole responsibility to obtain any relevant export or import license.

Please be aware that lots may be subject to CITES regulations when exporting outside the EU. It is the responsibility of the Buyer to investigate custom regulations regarding lots containing material of endangered species that fall under the CITES regulations.

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