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Lot 807: 明宣德 青花纏枝蓮紋八方燭臺 AN EXCEPTIONALLY RARE AND IMPORTANT BLUE AND WHITE 'LOTUS SCROLL' OCTAGONAL CANDLESTICK, MARK AND PERIOD OF XUANDE

Yu Jen Taipei

December 18, 2022
Taipei City, Taiwan

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807 明宣德 青花纏枝蓮紋八方燭臺
「大明宣德年製」款
H26cm
原共箱題款:染付唐草文燭臺 明時代
永藏商事株式會社標籤:骨董第〇八九號|明染付燭臺
來源:日本永藏商事株式會社收藏,089 號藏品
久手堅憲二收藏
燭臺為八方式,胎質縝密細膩,白釉地微泛青,釉質肥厚瑩潤。青花色澤濃豔,局部凝聚成黑青色,呈現銀黑色結晶斑,即「鐵鏽斑痕」,俗稱「錫光」。器分上、中、下三層,上層為燭插,中層為連柱,下層為臺座,底內中空,露胎處呈火石紅斑。燭臺上下層均為束腰八方形,連柱作圓柱形,形如酒盅倒扣。通體青花裝飾,燭插由上至下分別飾如意雲頭紋、花葉錦地紋、變形蓮瓣紋及斜線錦地紋。連柱雙層紋飾為纏枝菊花紋及纏枝蓮紋。臺座面內圈凹槽飾海水江崖紋,外圈飾纏枝蓮紋一周,折肩飾花葉錦地,一面空白處自右向左楷書「大明宣德年製」橫排青花款。外壁八面飾八組各式纏枝花卉,近足處飾花葉錦地一周。整體造形別緻新穎,規整端莊,富以十一層青花紋飾,重重疊疊,繪工精細秀麗,線條優美清晰,筆意酣暢飽滿,布局疏朗,融會中西文化優點,是完美的藝術結合,為中國陶瓷史上顯赫彪炳之珍品。
 
目前國家級博物館傳世品中未見有明確宣德年款的八方燭臺,僅有一件為 1988年出土於珠山御窯遺址,景德鎮陶瓷考古研究所庋藏明宣德〈青花花卉紋八方燭臺〉,其造形、構圖與本品雷同,折肩處有「大明宣德年製」款,造形方面加強折肩細部的處理,從而更有利於紋飾的展開與御窯廠款識書寫,特徵顯著,可為本品類似作品參考。
 
永宣時期,隨著景德鎮瓷業的昌盛繁榮和技術不斷進步,彼時青花以胎釉精細、青色濃豔、造形多樣和紋飾優美而負盛名,並開創出中國青花瓷雋永秀美,靈動鮮活的黃金時代。八方式燭臺,始於永樂時期,宣德時期亦有少量燒製,乃明代早期御窯青花瓷器中的一類重器。兩者造形雷同,然永樂時期臺座折肩部位偏窄無款,宣德時期臺座折肩則較寬,並楷書「大明宣德年製」款,紋飾亦有些微差異。從景德鎮御窯遺址出土與北京故宮博物院及上海博物館庋藏傳世瓷器對比,可作為永、宣燭臺構圖的區別。如清宮舊藏,北京故宮博物院庋藏明永樂〈青花折枝花紋八方燭臺〉、上海博物館庋藏明永樂〈青花勾蓮紋八角燭臺〉、1988 年出土於珠山御窯遺址,景德鎮陶瓷考古研究所庋藏明宣德〈青花花卉紋八方燭臺〉,與本件明宣德〈青花纏枝蓮紋八方燭臺〉比對,最明顯的不同點在燭插口沿外側之紋飾。永樂時期為蕉葉紋及回紋,宣德時期以如意雲頭紋及斜線紋、葉紋錦地紋取而代之;其次,永樂時期,燭臺頸部的方格錦地紋及纏枝花卉紋,在宣德時期被纏枝菊花紋及纏枝蓮紋取代;再者,永樂時期作品的臺座折沿及近足處斜壁上也不見裝飾,而宣德時期則出現錦地花葉紋。宣德以後,明政府實行閉關鎖國,直到清代早期才因帝王慕古而再出現仿伊斯蘭器型官窯瓷器,然八方燭臺則不見複燒,可見其燒造難度及珍貴程度。
 
而燭臺作為照明之用,始於春秋戰國時期,以各式精製銅燭臺為主;至宋元時期,製瓷工藝出現長足發展,以陶瓷燭臺占據主導地位,造形較隋唐更為多樣,且尺度較矮;明代早期,由於頻繁對外貿易和文化交流,永樂、宣德皇帝好慕國外新異器物,御窯青花燭臺以波斯進口鈷料繪製紋飾,即所謂的「蘇泥勃青」或「蘇麻離青」,而獨特的八方樣式則源於十三至十四世紀的伊斯蘭伊爾汗國,當時為供皇室貴胄所用之金屬器皿,如美國大都會博物館庋藏十四世紀上半葉〈銅錯金銀九方燭臺〉,此種形制傳入中國後,成為皇室御用之燭臺樣式。
 
宣德御瓷品格之美,為有明一代之冠。宣宗朱瞻基為史上少數富藝術才華之君主,執政十年期間,內廷諸類工藝品無不彰顯其深厚美學品味。其時,御窯廠於帝王旨意下竭力創新,前後器類之多,釉色、裝飾之廣,為宣德之前所未經見,從選料、製樣、畫器至題款無一不精。如明張應文《清秘藏》卷上第六〈論窯器〉:「我朝宣廟窯器,質料細厚,隱隱橘皮紋起冰裂鱔血紋者,幾與官、汝窯敵,即暗花者、紅花者、青花者,皆發古未有,為一代絕品。」又明王世性《廣志繹》卷四:「本朝以宣、成二窯為佳,宣窯以青花勝,成窯以五彩。」本品青花色澤雅致凝重,鮮豔奪目,紋飾繁縟然層次分明,充分借鑑國畫筆墨意韻,得其勾、勒、點、染諸法,運用皆宜。青料濃淡兼施,燒造時產生自然暈散現象,透出凝重雄渾之美,一如朱明盛世,威加四海之泱泱氣勢。
 
永宣青花素為藏家所重,且此時期的青花八方燭臺在市場上十分稀見,而為數不多次的亮相皆令人相當驚豔。目前所知,傳世永樂青花八方燭臺收藏於北京故宮博物院、上海博物館、英國大英博物館等不逾十件,而宣德年款僅有一件,存世極為罕有。拍場相似之例如拍賣於香港邦瀚斯 2022 年5 月 29 日,編號 123,明永樂〈青花折枝花紋八方燭臺一對〉(無款),創下港幣 3045.3萬元成交價;拍賣於中國嘉德 2011 年 5 月 22 日,編號 3546,明宣德〈青花折枝花卉八方燭臺〉(無款),則創下人民幣 1955 萬元之成交紀錄,足見青花八方燭臺在官窯中之顯赫地位。
 
預估價:
TWD 1,200,000-1,500,000
RMB 272,700-340,900

AN EXCEPTIONALLY RARE AND IMPORTANT BLUE AND WHITE 'LOTUS SCROLL' OCTAGONAL CANDLESTICK
MARK AND PERIOD OF XUANDE
H26cm

PROVENANCE:
Nagakura Shoji Co., Ltd., No. 089
Kudeken Kenji Collection

燭臺為八方式,胎質縝密細膩,白釉地微泛青,釉質肥厚瑩潤。青花色澤濃豔,局部凝聚成黑青色,呈現銀黑色結晶斑,即「鐵鏽斑痕」,俗稱「錫光」。器分上、中、下三層,上層為燭插,中層為連柱,下層為臺座,底內中空,露胎處呈火石紅斑。燭臺上下層均為束腰八方形,連柱作圓柱形,形如酒盅倒扣。通體青花裝飾,燭插由上至下分別飾如意雲頭紋、花葉錦地紋、變形蓮瓣紋及斜線錦地紋。連柱雙層紋飾為纏枝菊花紋及纏枝蓮紋。臺座面內圈凹槽飾海水江崖紋,外圈飾纏枝蓮紋一周,折肩飾花葉錦地,一面空白處自右向左楷書「大明宣德年製」橫排青花款。外壁八面飾八組各式纏枝花卉,近足處飾花葉錦地一周。整體造形別緻新穎,規整端莊,富以十一層青花紋飾,重重疊疊,繪工精細秀麗,線條優美清晰,筆意酣暢飽滿,布局疏朗,融會中西文化優點,是完美的藝術結合,為中國陶瓷史上顯赫彪炳之珍品。
 
目前國家級博物館傳世品中未見有明確宣德年款的八方燭臺,僅有一件為 1988年出土於珠山御窯遺址,景德鎮陶瓷考古研究所庋藏明宣德〈青花花卉紋八方燭臺〉,其造形、構圖與本品雷同,折肩處有「大明宣德年製」款,造形方面加強折肩細部的處理,從而更有利於紋飾的展開與御窯廠款識書寫,特徵顯著,可為本品類似作品參考。
 
永宣時期,隨著景德鎮瓷業的昌盛繁榮和技術不斷進步,彼時青花以胎釉精細、青色濃豔、造形多樣和紋飾優美而負盛名,並開創出中國青花瓷雋永秀美,靈動鮮活的黃金時代。八方式燭臺,始於永樂時期,宣德時期亦有少量燒製,乃明代早期御窯青花瓷器中的一類重器。兩者造形雷同,然永樂時期臺座折肩部位偏窄無款,宣德時期臺座折肩則較寬,並楷書「大明宣德年製」款,紋飾亦有些微差異。從景德鎮御窯遺址出土與北京故宮博物院及上海博物館庋藏傳世瓷器對比,可作為永、宣燭臺構圖的區別。如清宮舊藏,北京故宮博物院庋藏明永樂〈青花折枝花紋八方燭臺〉、上海博物館庋藏明永樂〈青花勾蓮紋八角燭臺〉、1988 年出土於珠山御窯遺址,景德鎮陶瓷考古研究所庋藏明宣德〈青花花卉紋八方燭臺〉,與本件明宣德〈青花纏枝蓮紋八方燭臺〉比對,最明顯的不同點在燭插口沿外側之紋飾。永樂時期為蕉葉紋及回紋,宣德時期以如意雲頭紋及斜線紋、葉紋錦地紋取而代之;其次,永樂時期,燭臺頸部的方格錦地紋及纏枝花卉紋,在宣德時期被纏枝菊花紋及纏枝蓮紋取代;再者,永樂時期作品的臺座折沿及近足處斜壁上也不見裝飾,而宣德時期則出現錦地花葉紋。宣德以後,明政府實行閉關鎖國,直到清代早期才因帝王慕古而再出現仿伊斯蘭器型官窯瓷器,然八方燭臺則不見複燒,可見其燒造難度及珍貴程度。
 
而燭臺作為照明之用,始於春秋戰國時期,以各式精製銅燭臺為主;至宋元時期,製瓷工藝出現長足發展,以陶瓷燭臺占據主導地位,造形較隋唐更為多樣,且尺度較矮;明代早期,由於頻繁對外貿易和文化交流,永樂、宣德皇帝好慕國外新異器物,御窯青花燭臺以波斯進口鈷料繪製紋飾,即所謂的「蘇泥勃青」或「蘇麻離青」,而獨特的八方樣式則源於十三至十四世紀的伊斯蘭伊爾汗國,當時為供皇室貴胄所用之金屬器皿,如美國大都會博物館庋藏十四世紀上半葉〈銅錯金銀九方燭臺〉,此種形制傳入中國後,成為皇室御用之燭臺樣式。
 
宣德御瓷品格之美,為有明一代之冠。宣宗朱瞻基為史上少數富藝術才華之君主,執政十年期間,內廷諸類工藝品無不彰顯其深厚美學品味。其時,御窯廠於帝王旨意下竭力創新,前後器類之多,釉色、裝飾之廣,為宣德之前所未經見,從選料、製樣、畫器至題款無一不精。如明張應文《清秘藏》卷上第六〈論窯器〉:「我朝宣廟窯器,質料細厚,隱隱橘皮紋起冰裂鱔血紋者,幾與官、汝窯敵,即暗花者、紅花者、青花者,皆發古未有,為一代絕品。」又明王世性《廣志繹》卷四:「本朝以宣、成二窯為佳,宣窯以青花勝,成窯以五彩。」本品青花色澤雅致凝重,鮮豔奪目,紋飾繁縟然層次分明,充分借鑑國畫筆墨意韻,得其勾、勒、點、染諸法,運用皆宜。青料濃淡兼施,燒造時產生自然暈散現象,透出凝重雄渾之美,一如朱明盛世,威加四海之泱泱氣勢。
 
永宣青花素為藏家所重,且此時期的青花八方燭臺在市場上十分稀見,而為數不多次的亮相皆令人相當驚豔。目前所知,傳世永樂青花八方燭臺收藏於北京故宮博物院、上海博物館、英國大英博物館等不逾十件,而宣德年款僅有一件,存世極為罕有。拍場相似之例如拍賣於香港邦瀚斯 2022 年5 月 29 日,編號 123,明永樂〈青花折枝花紋八方燭臺一對〉(無款),創下港幣 3045.3萬元成交價;拍賣於中國嘉德 2011 年 5 月 22 日,編號 3546,明宣德〈青花折枝花卉八方燭臺〉(無款),則創下人民幣 1955 萬元之成交紀錄,足見青花八方燭臺在官窯中之顯赫地位。

台北宇珍2022秋季拍賣
Yu Jen Taipei 2022 Autumn Auction

Dimensions

H26cm

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Payment

Accepted forms of payment: MasterCard, Visa, Wire Transfer

Shipping

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Buyer's Premium

TWD0 - 9,999,999: 20.0%
TWD10,000,000 - 29,999,999: 15.0%
TWD30,000,000+: 12.0%

From: To: Increment:
TWD0 TWD99,999 TWD5,000
TWD100,000 TWD199,999 TWD10,000
TWD200,000 TWD219,999 TWD20,000
TWD220,000 TWD279,999 TWD30,000
TWD280,000 TWD319,999 TWD20,000
TWD320,000 TWD379,999 TWD30,000
TWD380,000 TWD419,999 TWD20,000
TWD420,000 TWD479,999 TWD30,000
TWD480,000 TWD519,999 TWD20,000
TWD520,000 TWD579,999 TWD30,000
TWD580,000 TWD619,999 TWD20,000
TWD620,000 TWD679,999 TWD30,000
TWD680,000 TWD719,999 TWD20,000
TWD720,000 TWD779,999 TWD30,000
TWD780,000 TWD819,999 TWD20,000
TWD820,000 TWD879,999 TWD30,000
TWD880,000 TWD919,999 TWD20,000
TWD920,000 TWD979,999 TWD30,000
TWD980,000 TWD999,999 TWD20,000
TWD1,000,000 TWD1,999,999 TWD100,000
TWD2,000,000 TWD3,199,999 TWD200,000
TWD3,200,000 TWD3,799,999 TWD200,000
TWD3,800,000 TWD4,199,999 TWD200,000
TWD4,200,000 TWD4,799,999 TWD200,000
TWD4,800,000 TWD5,199,999 TWD200,000
TWD5,200,000 TWD5,799,999 TWD300,000
TWD5,800,000 TWD6,199,999 TWD200,000
TWD6,200,000 TWD6,799,999 TWD300,000
TWD6,800,000 TWD7,199,999 TWD200,000
TWD7,200,000 TWD7,799,999 TWD300,000
TWD7,800,000 TWD8,199,999 TWD200,000
TWD8,200,000 TWD8,799,999 TWD300,000
TWD8,800,000 TWD9,199,999 TWD200,000
TWD9,200,000 TWD9,799,999 TWD300,000
TWD9,800,000 TWD9,999,999 TWD200,000
TWD10,000,000 TWD19,999,999 TWD1,000,000
TWD20,000,000 TWD39,999,999 TWD1,000,000
TWD40,000,000+ TWD2,000,000

Extended Bidding

5 minutes/bid

Conditions of Business

ARTICLE 1 As the agent of the Buyer and the Seller, Yu Jen International Art & Antique Co., LTD. (herein after refer as "Our Company") will provide services for both parties, and shall not be responsible for any default caused by either the Buyer or the Seller.
ARTICLE 2 The conditions set herein shall apply to both the Buyer and the Seller. Buyer and Seller must read carefully the following detailed conditions and be responsible for their actions while carrying out these conditions.
ARTICLE 3 Any objection to the articles' ownership or authenticity must be raised at least 48 hours before the auction starts accompanied by relevant legal documents. No late objection will be accepted.
ARTICLE 4 All disputes arising from or in connection with these Conditions shall be settled according to the relevant laws of the Republic of China.

The Main Stipulations for the Buyer
BUYER
ARTICLE 5 All bidders should register at the auction venue in person and obtain the paddle for entry. Bidders must provide true and accurate personal information and agree that Our Company may perform necessary credit checks with the bank.
ARTICLE 6 Bidders who wish to entrust our company to bid on their behalf must sign the entrust form 24 hours before the auction starts, and pay the deposit in full. Once the article is successfully bid, Bidders shall complete the full payment within ten (10) days after the auction.
ARTICLE 7 During the auction the bidder may not withdraw any bids he/she made. The highest bidder as determined by the auctioneer is the buyer.
ARTICLE 8 Our Company reserves the right to refuse any person entering or participating in the auction without giving any reason.

ILLUSTRATION ON CATALOGUE AND AUCTION ARTICLE
ARTICLE 9 The Buyer should examine carefully the auction article they intend to buy, prior to the date of the auction, and should be solely legally responsible for their bid made to buy certain piece of article.
ARTICLE 10 Our Company has the right to hold exhibitions, auctions and make announcements, catalogues and other forms of publications to introduce the auctions articles.
ARTICLE 11 Any representation or statement given by Our Company in the catalogue or in other forms as to the authorship, origin, age, size, medium, mount, attribution, authenticity, provenance, condition and estimated price is just for the information and reference of the buyer only. Our Company shall not be held responsible for errors.

Deposits
ARTICLE 12 All buyers must complete the registration form at least one day before the auction date and put down a deposit of TWD 200,000 (USD 6,500, HKD 50,000 or RMB 45,000) If paying by check please allow at least three days for check to clear.
ARTICLE 13 Yu Jen Imperial Seal Card holders do not need to pay the deposit.
ARTICLE 14 The deposit will be used towards the payment of lots purchased, or refunded in full within 7 working days if no lots are purchased. The deposit will be forfeited if the buyer refuses to pay for the lots purchased within payment period.

COMMISSION
ARTICLE 15 Once the Buyer successfully bid the auction article, the final Purchase Price that the Buyer shall pay in full are the sum of hammer price and commission to Our Company.Commission is charged as follows: For the portion of hammer price under TWD 10 million, commission will be 23%; for the portion over (and including) TWD 10 million, commission will be 20%; for the portion over (and including) TWD 20 million, commission will be 17%.

PAYMENT AND COLLECTION OF LOTS
ARTICLE 16 Once the Buyer has successfully bid the auction article, the Buyer may collect the article once the aforementioned Purchase Price (include hammer price and commission) is paid in full. If the Buyer is unable to pay the full amount, the Buyer shall be required to sign a Confirmation and must pay at least thirty percent (30%) of the hammer price immediately as deposit. The Buyer shall settle the balance in one lump sum within ten (10) days and take away the article.
ARTICLE 17 The full amount of the Purchase Price that Buyer shall pay Our Company, does not include any commodity tax or services tax or other value added tax (either by government of R.O.C. or any other government). If such tax(es) do occur in the transaction set herein, the Buyer shall settle the tax payment in accordance with relevant law and schedule.
ARTICLE 18 For Buyer who is willing to pay the Purchase Price in the currency other than New Taiwanese Dollar (TWD, NT$), Our Company shall charge the Buyer any fees resulted from it. The fees include the service fee charge by the bank and the currency difference. The currency shall be determined by the currency posted on the day of auction (presented by the Bank of Taiwan) and certified by Our Company.
ARTICLE 19 The final Purchase Price does not include the service of packaging. The packaging is a free service provided by Our Company to the Buyer. Our Company is not liable for the loss or damage to the article during or as the result of packaging.
ARTICLE 20 The Buyer shall collect the article personally once the Purchase Price is paid in full. If the Buyer wishes to assign another person to collect the article, a Letter of Authorization must be presented. If delivery service or insurance are required, Our Company will not be liable or responsible for any loss or damage to the article during transit.

THE LIABILITIES TO AN AUCTION AFTER SALE
ARTICLE 21 After the Buyer has paid the full amount of the Purchase Price to Our Company, the Buyer shall be responsible for the article purchased. Even if the article is still in the keeping of Our Company the Buyer shall be liable for any loss or damage.

THE MANAGEMENT OF ARREARS AND AUCTION ARTICLES LEFT BEHIND BY THE BUYER
ARTICLE 22 Unless otherwise agreed with Our Company, if the full payment is not received within required date it is seen as a default, the deposit will not be refunded and the Buyer shall be responsible for any subsequent costs.
ARTICLE 23 Any outstanding balance after ten days of the auction date will incur an interest at 5% AER of the full amount, until the balance is paid in full.
ARTICLE 24 With discretion of the Seller, Our Company reserves the right to resell the unpaid item through auction or other means. If the final price is lower than the original full amount, the Buyer agrees to pay the difference in full.
ARTICLE 25 Our Company may refuse the bid made by the default Buyer or its representative in the future. In such circumstance a higher deposit may be requested before any further bid is accepted.
ARTICLE 26 Storage fees will be incurred if the item, even if paid in full, is not collected within one month after the auction date. Our Company is not responsible for any loss or damage during the storage.

THE MAIN STIPULATIONS FOR THE SELLER
ARTICLE 27 During the function of auction, the Company shall act as Seller designated representative. The detailed rule of the selling party is already set and regulated in the selling party contract.

OTHER RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF YU JEN
ARTICLE 28 Our Company shall have absolute discretion to settle any dispute during or after the auction.
ARTICLE 29 Our Company shall be obliged to keep confidential for both the Buyer and the Seller and to protect the rights and interest of the Buyer and the Seller.
ARTICLE 30 In order to maintain order in the auction, smoking is not permitted; children under ten years of age may not enter the auction.
The document is printed in both Chinese and English. If there is any omission or error the Chinese version will take precedence
The auction event held by Our Company has been approved by the Executive Yaun's Council for Culture Affairs, Taiwan, and is qualified under the regulations for tax relief on business tax. Every sales revenue and commission resulted from the auction shall be relieved of the 5 % business tax.

Important Notice to Buyers

To ensure a smooth auction and protect the interest of buyers, all buyers must complete the registration form at least one day before the auction date and put down a deposit of TWD 200,000 (USD 6,500?HKD 50,000?RMB 45,000, if paying by check please allow at least three days for check to clear.) Yu Jen Imperial Seal Cardholders are not required to pay the deposit. Should the bids be unsuccessful, deposit will be returned within 7 working days after the date of the auction. Credit card deposits will be refunded in full to the original card.

Shipping Terms

Buyer pays shipping