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Qichao Liang (1873 - 1929)


H&H Brother Auction House

December 6, 2020
Singapore, Singapore

More About this Item




Length:145cm; Width:47cm;




Mr. Tan Kin Chwee was born in 1951 in Singapore. He is a seal-carving teacher, exhibition planner, and famous in antiques collection. With support by his family business, he has good new work and relationships in collection business. There were also some famous & successful painting and calligraphy exhibitions organized and held by him in South East Asia in the past. He was becoming an apprentice to Mr. Zhao Shaoang who is the most famous master in ‘LingNan’ school. And also he was learn from Mr. Feng KangHou who is the master in seal-carving in 1970s, and published his own album of seals later. Not only has great passion in collection, seal-carving and Chinese calligraphy, Mr. Tan Kin Chwee is also a famous philanthropist. Lots of donations had been made by him to the museums, art galleries and non-governmental organizations throughout China. More than 40pcs of Paintings and other collectibles were donated to GUANGZHOU MUSEUM OF ART in 1999. Some Zhao ShaoAng’s Chinese paintings and ancient porcelain vases (MeiPing) were donated to GUANGDONG PANYU ‘MOBAOTUAN’ in 2000. Some famous Chinese paintings and antiques from SongNian, Mater ZhuMo and Mater XingKong were donated to SONGNIAN MUSEUM in 2010. There were 68pc of Chinese paintings donated to CHENXIANGYI MUSEUM OF ART in 2026.

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Accepted forms of payment: American Express, MasterCard, Visa, Wire Transfer


After we receive your processed payment, your invoice will be passed along to shipping department. Our shipper will be in touch with you by email after we notify them that your payment has been processed.
A quote for your shipment fees will be provided at the time.
If you prefer to use an alternate shipping company please let us know. We can provide you with further additional shipping options.

Buyer's Premium

SGD0 - 500,000: 25.0%
SGD500,001+: 12.0%

From: To: Increment:
SGD100 SGD499 SGD25
SGD500 SGD999 SGD50
SGD1,000 SGD1,999 SGD100
SGD2,000 SGD4,999 SGD250
SGD5,000 SGD9,999 SGD500
SGD10,000 SGD19,999 SGD1,000
SGD20,000 SGD49,999 SGD2,500
SGD50,000 SGD99,999 SGD5,000
SGD100,000+ SGD10,000

Extended Bidding

5 minutes/bid

HHBrother Auction House Terms 2020

1. Definitions

In these Conditions:

(a) 'Auctioneer' means H&H Brother Auction House or its authorized auctioneer, as appropriate;

(b) 'Hammer price' means the level of bidding reached (at or above any reserve) when the auctioneer brings down the hammer;

(c) 'Terms of consignment' means the stipulated terms and rates of commission on which H&H Brother Auction House accepts instructions from sellers or their agents;

(d) 'Total amount due' means the hammer price in respect of the lot sold together with any premium, Value Added Tax chargeable and any additional charges payable by a defaulting buyer under these Conditions;

(e) 'Sale proceeds' means the net amount due to the seller, being the hammer price of the lot sold less commission at the stated rate, Value Added Tax chargeable and any other amounts due to us by the seller in whatever capacity and however arising.

(f) 'You', 'Your', etc. refer to the buyer as identified in Condition 2.

(g) The singular includes the plural and vice versa as appropriate.

2. Bidding procedures and the buyer

(a) Bidders are required to register their particulars before bidding and to satisfy any security arrangements before entering the auction room to view or bid;

(b) the maker of the highest bid accepted by the auctioneer conducting the sale shall be the buyer at the hammer price and any dispute about a bid shall be settled at the auctioneer's absolute discretion by re-offering the Lot during the course of the auction or otherwise. The auctioneer shall act reasonably in exercising this discretion.

(c) Bidders shall be deemed to act as principals.

(d) Our right to bid on behalf of the seller is expressly reserved up to the amount of any reserve and the right to refuse any bid is also reserved.

3. Increments

Bidding increments shall be at the auctioneer's sole discretion.

4. The purchase price

The Buyer shall pay the hammer price together with a premium thereon of 25% up to S$500,000 and 12% thereafter, + GST at the appropriate rate.

5. Goods and Services Tax (GST)

Goods and Services Tax (GST) on the hammer price is imposed by law on all items affixed with an asterisk or double asterisk. GST is charged at the appropriate rate prevailing by law at the date of sale and is payable by buyers of relevant lots.

6. Payment

(a) Immediately a lot is sold you will:

(i) Give to us, if requested, proof of identity, and

(ii) Pay to us the total amount due in Singapore Dollar (SGD) within 5 working days, in such way as is agreed by us. We accept bank transfer (details on request), VISA or MasterCard (please note there is no surcharge when using credit cards). We do accept American Express.

(iii) Our TT details:

Acc. Name: S&Z International Investment Pte Ltd.

Acc. No.: 3303182185


Bank Code: 7375

Branch Code: 013

Beneficiary bank name and address: United Overseas Bank Limited - 80 Raffles Place, Singapore 048624.

(b) HHBrother Auction House (SG) reserve the rights to deduct the payment amount from your registered credit card account if the invoice is correctly issued to the bidder and the payment is not received in 5 working days.

(c) Any payments by you to us may be applied by us towards any sums owing from you to us on any account whatever without regard to any directions of you or your agent whether expressed or implied.

7. Title and collection of purchases

(a) The ownership of any Lots purchased shall not pass to you until you have made payment in full to us of the total amount due.

(b) You shall at your own risk and expense to COLLECT any lots that you have purchased and paid for from our premises not later than 3 working days following the day of the auction or upon the clearance of any cheque used for payment (IF LATER) after which you shall be responsible for any COLLECTION, storage, associated & insurance charges.

(c) No purchase CAN be COLLECTED OR RELEASED TO YOU OR YOUR AGENT until it has been paid for.

8. Remedies for non-payment or failure to collect purchases

(a) If any Lot is not paid for in full and taken away in accordance with these Conditions or if there is any other breach of these Conditions, we, as agent for the seller and on our own behalf, shall at our absolute discretion and without prejudice to any other rights we may have, be entitled to exercise one or more of the following rights and remedies:

(i) To proceed against you for damages for breach of contract;

(ii) To rescind the sale of that lot and/or any other lots sold by us to you;

(iii) To resell the lot (by auction or private treaty) in which case you shall be responsible for any resulting deficiency in the total amount due (after crediting any part payment and adding any resale costs). Any surplus so arising shall belong to the seller;

(iv) To remove, store and insure the lot at your expense and, in the case of storage, either at our premises or elsewhere;

(v) To charge interest at a rate not exceeding 1.5% per month on the total amount due to the extent it remains unpaid for more than 3 working days after the sale;

(vi) To retain that or any other lot sold to you until you pay the total amount due;

(vii) To reject or ignore bids from you or your agent at future auctions or to impose conditions before any such bids shall be accepted;

(viii) To apply any proceeds of sale of other Lots due or in future becoming due to you towards the settlement of the total amount due and to exercise a lien (that is a right to retain possession of any of your property in our possession for any purpose until the debt due is satisfied.

(b) We shall, as agent for the seller and on our own behalf pursue these rights and remedies only so far as is reasonable to make appropriate recovery in respect of breach of these conditions.

9. Third party liabilities

All members of the public on our premises are there at their own risk and must note the lay-out of the accommodation and security arrangements. Accordingly neither the auctioneer nor our employees or agents shall incur liability for death or personal injury (except as required by law by reason of our negligence) or similarly for the safety of the property of persons visiting prior to or at a sale.

10. Commission bids

Whilst prospective buyers are strongly advised to attend the auction and are always responsible for any decision to bid for a particular lot and shall be assumed to have carefully inspected and satisfied themselves as to its condition we will if so instructed clearly and in writing execute bids on their behalf. Neither the auctioneer nor our employees or agents shall be responsible for any failure to do so save where such failure is unreasonable. Where two or more commission bids at the same level are recorded we reserve the right in our absolute discretion to prefer the first bid so made.

11. Warranty of title and availability

The seller warrants to the auctioneer and you that the seller is the true owner of the property consigned or is properly authorized by the true owner to consign it for sale and is able to transfer good and marketable title to the property free from any third party claims.

12. Agency

The auctioneer normally acts as agent only and disclaims any responsibility for default by sellers or buyers.

13. Terms of sale

The seller acknowledges that lots are sold subject to the stipulations of these Conditions in their entirety and on the Terms of Consignment as notified to the consignor at the time of the entry of the lot.

14. Descriptions and condition

(a) Whilst we seek to describe lots accurately, it may be impractical for us to carry out exhaustive due diligence on each lot. Prospective buyers are given ample opportunities to view and inspect before any sale and they (and any independent experts on their behalf) must satisfy themselves as to the accuracy of any description applied to a lot. Prospective buyers also bid on the understanding that, inevitably, representations or statements by us as to authorship, genuineness, origin, date, age, provenance, condition or estimated selling price involve matters of opinion. We undertake that any such opinion shall be honestly and reasonably held and accept liability for opinions given negligently or fraudulently. Subject to the foregoing neither we the auctioneer nor our employees or agents nor the seller accept liability for the correctness of such opinions and all conditions and warranties, whether relating to description, condition or quality of lots, express, implied or statutory, are hereby excluded.

(b) Private treaty sales made under these Conditions are deemed to be sales by auction for purposes of consumer legislation.


15. We shall have the right at our discretion, to refuse admission to our premises or attendance at our auctions by any person.

16. (a) Any right to compensation for losses liabilities and expenses incurred in respect of and as a result of any breach of these Conditions and any exclusions provided by them shall be available to the seller and/or the auctioneer as appropriate.

(b) Such rights and exclusions shall extend to and be deemed to be for the benefit of employees and agents of the seller and/or the auctioneer who may themselves enforce them.

17. Any notice to any buyer, seller, bidder or viewer may be given by first class mail or Swift mail in which case it shall be deemed to have been received by the addressee 48 hours after posting.

18. Special terms may be used in catalogue descriptions of particular classes of items in which case the descriptions must be interpreted in accordance with any glossary appearing in the catalogue.

19. Any indulgence extended to bidders buyers or sellers by us notwithstanding the strict terms of these Conditions or of the Terms of Consignment shall affect the position at the relevant time only and in respect of that particular concession only; in all other respects these Conditions shall be construed as having full force and effect.

20. Singapore law applies to the interpretation of these Conditions.

Shipping Terms

After we receive your processed payment, your invoice will be passed along to shipping department. Our shipper will be in touch with you by email after we notify them that your payment has been processed.
A quote for your shipment fees will be provided at the time.
If you prefer to use an alternate shipping company please let us know. We can provide you with further additional shipping options.

Singapore GST

Singapore GST is applied to to the Shipping Costs.

For Sale from H&H Brother Auction House