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Lot 221: DANIEL GARBER, (AMERICAN 1880-1958), "QUARRIES AT BYRAM"

Est: $200,000 USD - $300,000 USDSold:
Freeman's | HindmanDecember 06, 2009Philadelphia, PA, US

Item Overview

Description

DANIEL GARBER
(american 1880-1958)
"QUARRIES AT BYRAM"
Signed 'Daniel Garber' bottom left, oil on canvas
35 5/8 x 44 in. (90.5 x 111.8cm)
provenance:
The Artist.
Remained in the artist's studio until discovered by the present owner in July 1985. As such it was the last remaining work removed from the artist's home and studio at Cuttalossa.
Private Collection, Pennsylvania.
exhibited:
Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Twelfth Annual Exhibition a the Carnegie Institute April 30 - June, 1908 Cat. No. 103.
The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, Second Exhibition, Oil Paintings by Contemporary American Artists December 8, 1908 - January 17, 1909, Cat. No. 19.
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 104th Annual Exhibition January 31 - March 14, 1909, Cat. No. 333.
Cincinatti Art Museum, Cincinatti, Ohio, Sixteenth Annual Exhibition of American Art May 22 - July 20, 1909, Cat. No. 72.
The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, Twenty-Second Annual Exhibition of Oil Paintings and Sculpture by American Artists October 19 - November 28, 1909.
American Federation of Arts, Washington, DC tour to Fort Worth, Texas, 1910.
National Academy of Design, New York, New York, Eighty-Fifth Annual Exhibition March 13 - April 17, 1910, Cat. No. 84.
Albright Art Gallery (now Albright - Knox Art Gallery), Buffalo, New York, Fifth Annual Exhibition of Selected Paintings by American Artists May 11 - September 1, 1910, Cat. No. 95.
St. Louis Museum of Fine Arts (now The Saint Louis Art Museum) St. Louis, Missouri , Fifth Annual Exhibition of Selected Paintings by American Artists September 15 - November 15, 1910, Cat. No. 92.
Byers' Annual Bucks Fever Art Exhibition Heritage Towers, Doylestown, Pennsylvania, Bucks County In Art: 22 Renowned Bucks County Artists of Yesterday and Today, April 29 - May 13, 1990, Cat. No. 18.
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 'Daniel Garber: Romantic Realist' January 27-April 8, 2007.
literature: Artist's Record Book I, pg. X2, lines 23-24.
Artist's Record Book II, pg. 62, number 795.
Artist's Record Book III, pg. 31: painted in September 1907 near Point Pleasant, Pennsylvania.
Artist's Scrap Book I, 1990, 67/68:1-2,1.
'Sargent Wins Beck Medal at Academy: Other Awards Announced Today for 104th Fine Art Exhibition Which Opens Tomorrow".
Thomas C. Folk 'The Pennsylvania Impressionists', pub., Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, Madison, New Jersey, 1997, pg. 40.
Lance Humphries; Introduction by Kathleen Foster, Daniel Garber Catalogue Raisonne, pub. Hollis Taggart Galleries, New York, New York, 2006.
Volume I pg. 40-41 (see note), pg. 44, pg.41 (illustrated).
Volume II, pg. 78 (illustrated), Cat. p. 249.
note: "Although Garber arrived back in Philadelphia in May 1907, it was not until July of that year that he began painting there again, perhaps due to work on the property at Cuttalossa. He would record only three works as being painted in 1907, including two in July, The In-take-Raven Rock, New Jersey and The Delaware (cat. p 247, p 248). The latter landscape was in fact recorded as painted in both July 1907 and July 1908, indicating that immediately after his return Garber was willing to paint on his canvases over a long period of time, an approach he would follow throughout his career. The third work, Quarries at Byram (cat. p 249), painted in September 1907, establishes that the artist was quickly drawn to this subject. Indeed, quarries would remain central to the artist's landscape painting for the remainder of Garber's working life, either as the main theme of a canvas or as an integral part of a composition. Several years and a number of quarries later the artist would report: "The Pennsylvania hills lend themselves to painting...Those quarries give you things like the Grand Canon [sic] but on a scale commensurate with the canvas. The big things of the west are almost impossible to get." As he had in many of his European landscapes, Garber placed most of the emphasis in Quarries at Byram on the middle ground, here dominated by a row of trees, although this area has been pushed closer to the picture plane than in earlier works. These trees largely hide the quarry that lends its title to the landscape, and thus for the first time in Garber's work, this part of the painting serves not merely as the middle ground but also as an area through which to view the background, especially as the trees here rise almost to the top of the canvas. Unlike in earlier painting, in Quarries at Byram the middle ground and beyond have no depth. The trees march across the canvas in an unequal, yet gentle rhythm, but all at the same distance from the picture plane, in an exploration of a common vista across the Delaware River from River Road north of New Hope, in which trees line the edge of the canal on the Pennsylvania side. While the canvas depicts some recession into space, and the forms are modeled with strong light and dark contrasts, the artist's detailed but broad application of paint, with limited color variations, flattens the composition, particularly the trees and the view beyond them."

Artist or Maker

Condition Report

The painting is wax lined and on a new stretcher. There are numerous, small scattered areas of paint flake losses and abrasions, all covered with well executed retouching. These area mostly confined to the painting edges except as indicated below. There appears to be a small tear or loss of canvas support (approx. 1.5 in. square and restored) located at 12" x 11 1/2", height x distance from left edge. There are several other areas of retouching covering flake losses and/or abrasions located along a horizontal line 12" from the bottom edge. Generally good-very good condition.

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Descriptions provided in both printed and on-line catalogue formats do not include condition reports. The absence of a condition statement does not imply that the lot is in perfect condition or completely free from wear and tear, imperfections or the effects of aging. Interested bidders are strongly encouraged to request a condition report on any lots upon which they intend to bid, prior to placing a bid. All transactions are governed by Freeman's Conditions of Sale.

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Auction Details

Fine American & European Paintings & Sculpture

by
Freeman's | Hindman
December 06, 2009, 02:00 PM EST

2400 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19103, US

Terms

Live bidding may start higher or lower

Buyer's Premium

$0 - 20,000:28.0%
$20,001 - 500,000:23.0%
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From:To:Increment:
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$500$999$50
$1,000$2,999$100
$3,000$4,999$250
$5,000$9,999$500
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$30,000$49,999$2,000
$50,000$99,999$5,000
$100,000+$10,000

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All property offered and sold through Samuel T. Freeman & Co., ("Auctioneer", or "Broker", or the "Company") shall be offered and sold on the terms and conditions set forth in these Conditions of Sale. By participating in any sale, you acknowledge that you are bound by these terms and conditions.

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Freeman's does not offer packing, shipping or freighting service. ALL shipping is the sole responsibility of the buyer. Upon completion of the transaction, please call or email a shipper of your choice; you may call one shipper to do the job but are also welcome to call several in order to get quotes (please make sure this is clear to those you are calling)

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A buyer's premium will be added to your successful bid at the rate of 25% on the first 20,000, 20 % between 20,001 and 500,000, and 12% thereafter. Be sure to factor in the buyer’s premium when determining your maximum bid.

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Condition Satement

Descriptions provided in both printed and on-line catalogue formats do not include condition reports. The absence of a condition statement does not imply that the lot is in perfect condition or completely free from wear and tear, imperfections or the effects of aging. Interested bidders are strongly encouraged to request a condition report on any lots upon which they intend to bid, prior to placing a bid. All transactions are governed by Freeman's Conditions of Sale. Samuel T. Freeman & Co. has made every effort to catalogue and describe accurately property to be sold. The Company, however, assumes no risk, liability or responsibility for the identification or authenticity or authorship, or weight, count, or measure of any property identified in its catalogue or lists of sale. This shall include, among others, the identity of the creator, the period, culture, source of origin, as the case may be, with which the creation of any property is identified in any publication.