Description: Genuine Bactrian bronze mirror, 19.4 cm, circa 2000 BC; Mirror surface has a flat shape. Mirror surface is covered with thick genuine multicolored patina Condition: The item is in fine condition, 100% authentic no restoration. Mirror is covered with thick brown-greenish genuine patina on both sides. Diameter: 12 cm x 13.5 cm Length: 19.4 cm = 194 mm Weight: 7 oz. = 198 g; Origin: Afghanistan. Provenance: private collection in South East Asia. You'll get the same item as it is showing in the photos. Bactria (from ?????????, the Hellenized version of Bactrian ?????, Bakhlo; Persian/Pashto: ????? B?khtar; Uzbek: ????; Tajik: ??????; Chinese: ?? Dàxià; Sanskrit ??????? B?hlika) is the ancient name of a historical region, one of the ancient civilizations. Ancient Bactria was located between the Hindu Kush mountain range and the Amu Darya river, covering the flat region that straddles modern-day Afghanistan and Tajikistan. Bactria was the birthplace of Zoroastrianism, and later also hosted Buddhism before becoming Muslim after the arrival of the Rashidun and the Umayyad Caliphates in the 7th century. Bactria was also sometimes referred to by the Greeks as Bactriana. History. BactriaMargiana Archaeological Complex (BMAC) Goddesses, Bactria, Afghanistan, 20001800 BC. The BactriaMargiana Archaeological Complex (BMAC, also known as the "Oxus civilization") is the modern archaeological designation for a Bronze Age culture of Central Asia, dated to ca. 22001700 BC, located in present-day eastern Turkmenistan, northern Afghanistan, southern Uzbekistan and western Tajikistan, centered on the upper Amu Darya (Oxus), an area covering ancient Bactria. Its sites were discovered and named by the Soviet archaeologist Viktor Sarianidi (1976). Bactria was the Greek name for Old Persian B?xtri (from native *B?xçi) (named for its capital Bactra, modern Balkh), in what is now northern Afghanistan, and Margiana was the Greek name for the Persian satrapy of Margu, the capital of which was Merv, in today's Turkmenistan. The early Greek historian Ctesias, c. 400 BC (followed by Diodorus Siculus), alleged that the legendary Assyrian king Ninus had defeated a Bactrian king named Oxyartes in ca. 2140 BC, or some 1000 years before the Trojan War. Since the decipherment of cuneiform in the 19th century, however, which enabled actual Assyrian records to be read, historians have ascribed little value to the Greek account.
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